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Transcript of a262001

March the 9 1787

March with the detachment from the Barracks to the dock Yard at ten in the morning and Embark on board the Friendship Transport with Captain Lieutenant Meredith and 2d. Lieut Faddy 2 Sergeants 3 Corporals 1 Drummer 36 Privates 9 Woman and Children - never did a poor Criminal goe to meet the [unknown] with greater reluctance than I leave the best of Woman and Sweetest of Boys - god out of his gracious goodness my leaving them may turn out to our advantage - never did poor Mortal feel himselve So unhappy as I doe at this present moment - I wish to god that I was Returning home again to the best of her Sex - Oh What goodness dose She my belovd Betsey posses She is come on board to Stay with her fond Clark Untill Mr. Faddy Returns on board to Relieve me

March the 12

Received on board Yesterday Male and Female Convicts with Children - can never forgive the Unkindness of Capt M[eridith?] in refussing me leave to Sleep out of the Ships last night - oh did he love as well as I doe he would never have Refused me

March the 13 at Sea

Oh Gracious God What a task have I gone throu last night in taking leave of the dearest and best of Wives and not Seing my Boy - god grant them health and welfare is the most Sinceer wishes of ane affectioned husband and fond father - oh when ever I am Restord to them again will never leave them - Bless them Both

Transcript of a262002

List of the convicts on board the Friendship Transport May the 13th 1787

Time Recd. on board Names Age Trades Crimes What Time Transpt. Wher Tried Year County Wher Born County M: if on board the Mercury Remarks
March Wm. Eyres 24 Sadler Stn. 6 Guineas 7 Yrs. Winchester 1783     Staffordshire M  
the 11 Thos. Yardsley 32 Gardener Sheap Steag. 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1784     Shropshire    
1787 Curtis Bryn 23 None 2 Game Cocks 7 Yrs. Midston 1784     Sussex M  
1787 Wm. Haris 34 Buckle makr. Horse Steag. 7 Yrs. Winchester 1783     Dorchestire M  
1787 Jos. Mawley 26 Silk dyer High Way 7 Yrs. Winchester 1783       M  
1787 Patk. Burn 26 Baker High Way 7 Yrs. Exeter 1783       M  
1787 Redmd. McGrath 28 None House Breakg. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex     M  
1787 Wm. Edwards 25 Brick makr. Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Bedfordshire M  
1787 Jas. Grace 18 Shoe Makr. 1 Pr. of Stocking 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex     M  
1787 Dick McDeed 28 Shoe Maker Steag. 6 Guineas 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex     M  
1787 Jno. Rouse 28 Bricklayer Steag. Slops 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Norfolk M  
1787 Andw. Ronold 32 None Forgery 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex     M  
1787 Thos. Hill 28 Ls. Breechs. Makr. Steag. a Watch 7 Yrs. Dorchester 1783 Dorches   Shruesbury M  
1787 Edwd. Flin 27 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex     M  
1787 Simon Burn 30 Stockg. Weaver High Way 7 Yrs. Exeter 1783 Devonshire     M  
1787 Wm. McNamara 21 Seaman 1 Pr. of k: Buckles 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex        
1787 Mickl. Bryan 20 None Wearg. app. 14 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex     M  
1787 Jos. Bishop 23 Fisherman a Handkerchief 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex     M  
1787 Jno. Penny 27 Jeweller Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex     M  
1787 Heny. Taylor 33 Stockg. Weaver an Iron Bar 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex   Derbyshire M

Transcript of a262003

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Transcript of a262004

List of the convicts on board the Friendship Transport May the 13th 1787

Time Recd. on board Names Age Trades Crimes What Time Transpt. Wher Tried Year County Wher Born County M: if on board the Mercury Remarks
1787 Thos. Stretch 33 Miller Old Iron 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1783 Shropshire   Chester    
1787 Frans. Woodcock 48 None Sheap Steag. 14 Yrs. Exeter 1783 Devonshire        
1787 Jas. Murphy 44 Shoe Makr. High Way 7 Yrs. Exeter 1783 Devonshire     M  
1787 Jas. Thody 27 Plasterer Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1782 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
1787 Thos. Hughs 24 None Horse Stealg. 7 Yrs. Oxford 1782     Berkshire M  
1787 Thos. Turner 30 None High Way 7 Yrs. Oxford 1782     Berkshire M  
1787 Danl. Barnett 30 Waterman Kings Stores 7 Yrs. Winchester 1783     Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Wm. Field 25 None High Way 7 Yrs. Winchester 1783     Hertfordshire M  
March the 11 1787 Mark Wood 24 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Shropshire M  
March the 11 1787 Richd. Davis 28 Printer Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Jno. Best 27 None House Break 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Jas. Dodding 22 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Jno. Load 22 None 3 Guineas 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Robt. Sidaway 28 Watch case maker Wearg. app Life London 1782 1782 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Henry. Lovall 23 Ivory Turn. Forgery Life London Middlesex   Middlesex M    
March the 11 1787 Jno. Spence 23 None 2 lb of Tea 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Thos. Hudson 13 None House Break. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Thos. Oldfield 25 Woollen Drapr. Buyg. Stog. Goods 7 Yrs. Manchester 1786     Yorkshire    
March the 11 1787 Moses Tucker 35 Carpenter Forgery 7 Yrs. Plymouth 1786 Devon   Cornwall   Exchangd. to the Scarborough 27th. Octr. 1787
March the 11 1787 Heny. Cable 20 None House Break 7 Yrs. Norwitch 1783 Norfolk   Suffolk    

Transcript of a262005

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Transcript of a262006

List of the convicts on board the Friendship Transport May the 13th 1787

Time Recd. on board Names Age Trades Crimes What Time Transpt. Wher Tried Year County Wher Born County M: if on board the Mercury Remarks
March the 11 1787 Jno. Lambeth 24 BlackSmith Steag. £1–19 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785     Warwickshire    
March the 11 1787 Roger Twyfield 27 None Steag. 5lb of Suett [?] 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1783 Shropshire   Shropshire    
March the 11 1787 Wm. Jones 21 Stockg. Weaver Steag. £4–14 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1785 Shropshire   Shropshire    
March the 11 1787 Thos. Jones 23 Bricklayer House Breakg. 14 Yrs. Bristol 1784     Warwickshire    
March the 11 1787 Jerh. Learly 22 None House Breakg. 14 Yrs. Bristol 1784          
March the 11 1787 Stepn. Le Grove 29 Water Man Steag. Deals 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Wm. Fairly 17 None Steag. 2lb of Sugar 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785          
March the 11 1787 Jas. Neel 18 None Steag. 2lb of Sugar 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785     Glostershire    
March the 11 1787 Mattw. Mills 24 None High Way 7 Yrs. Oxford 1783     Berkshire M  
March the 11 1787 Jno. Patrick 42 Miner Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs.   1785     Cornwall    
March the 11 1787 Ed. Parkins 57 Brick Makr. 1 Game Cock 7 Yrs.   1783     Devonshire    
March the 11 1787 Wm. Brice 16 None Looking Glass 7 Yrs. Bristol 1783     Glostershire    
March the 11 1787 Jos. Jameson 20 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. Midston 1784       M  
March the 11 1787 Jno. Barns 19 None 3 pr. of Stockg. 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785          
March the 11 1787 Jno. Fendlow 21 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Patk. Delany 25 None High Way 7 Yrs.           D:D: the 24 June 1787 at Sea Latte. 9:11 North
March the 11 1787 Jno. Bailis 37 Silver Smith 1 oz of Silver 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex Brmingd. [?]   M  
March the 11 1787 Thos. Pritchard 26 None Wearg. app 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Jas. Mackay 25 Weaver 2 Waiscoats 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex     M  
March the 11 1787 Coopr. Handy 33 Weaver High Way 7 Yrs. Salisbury 1783     Yorkshire M  
March the 11 1787 Jno. Baughn 33 Cabt. Makr. 1 pr. of Blanks. 7 Yrs. Oxford 1783     Warwickshire M  

Transcript of a262007

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Transcript of a262008

List of the convicts on board the Friendship Transport May the 13th 1787

Time Recd. on board Names Age Trades Crimes What Time Transpt. Wher Tried Year County Wher Born County M: if on board the Mercury Remarks
March the 11 1787 Wm. Haynes 32 Cabt. Maker H: Way 1-6d. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex   Middlesex M  
March the 11 1787 Richd. Cartwright 44 Farmer 2 Baggs Malt 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1784 Shropshire   Staffordshire    
March the 11 1787 Richd. Jones 34 Miller 4 Bullock 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1784 Shropshire Shruesbury Shropshire M  
March the 11 1787 Jno. Bennet 19 None High Way 7 Yrs.              
March the 11 1787 Jas. Hussey 33 None Horse Steag. 7 Yrs. Oxford   1784 Oxfordshire   Oxfordshire M  
March the 11 1787 Jno. Turner 44 Ship Wright     Midston 1784 Kent   Kent M  
March the 11 1787 Chas. Granger 28 Ls. Breech Mr. 2 Sheets & Quilt 7 Yrs. Plymouth 1786 Devonshire   Devonshire    
March the 11 1787 Jos. Owen 60 None a Tea Kettle 14 Yrs. Shruesbury 1785 Shropshire   Shropshire    
March the 11 1787 Geog. Clair 53 Shoe Makr. 1 piece Dimity 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Manchester   M  
March the 11 1787 Wm. Davis 57 Taylor Sheap Steag. 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1784 Shropshire   Shropshire    
March the 11 1787 Jos. Elliott 20 Gardener a pockt. Book 7 Yrs.              
March the 11 1787 Jno. Wisihamer 15 None 1 Bladder Snuff 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785     Glostershire    
March the 11 1787 Jno. Ryan 20 Silk Weaver Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs.              
March the 11 1787 Jos. Tenihile 21 None 7/- West of India peper 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex     M  
Apl. 10 1787 Ed. Pugh 22 House Carptr. Wearg. Appl. 7 Yrs. Gloster 1783 Glostershire   Shropshire    

Transcript of a262009

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Transcript of a262010

List of the Female convicts on board the Friendship Transport May the 13th 1787

Time Recd. on board Names Age Trades Crimes What Time Transpt. Wher Tried Year County Wher Born County M: if on board the Mercury Remarks
March the 11 1787 Elizt. Barber 27 Book Stitcher 27sh. and Watch 7 Yrs. London   Middlesex     M Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87
  Ann Baizley 21 None 1.6d. Stolen 5 Yrs.             Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 of Augt. 1787
  Elizt. Dudgeon 23 None 9 Guineas Robry 7 Yrs. London   Middlesex     M Dito Octr. the 28/87
  Susanah Gought 24 None 9 Guineas Robry 7 Yrs. London   Middlesex       Sent on Bd. the Charlott the 11 of Augt. 1787
  Hannah Green 31 None Shop Lifting 7 Yrs. London           Dito
  Susanah Holms 22 None House breaking 7 Yrs. Norwich   Norfolk     child: B: Dito Octr. 28 1787
  Frances Hart 36 Mantua Maker 2 pr. of boots Stolen 7 Yrs. London   Middlesex     M Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 of Augt. 1787
  Rachel Harley 24 None House breaking 7 Yrs. London   Middlesex     M Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87
  Marget Hall 22 None £90 Stolen 7 Yrs. London   Middlesex     M Dito Octr. 28/87
  Elizt. Harvy 32 None House breaking 14 Yrs.             Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 Augt. 1787
  Sarah McCormick 20 None 2 Guineas Stolen 7 Yrs.             Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87
  Mary McCormick 24 None Buying a Silver Tank Stolen 7 Yrs.             Dito Octr. 28/87
  Isabella Oldfield 25 None Shope Lifting 7 Yrs.             Dito Octr. 28/87
  Elizt. Pully 26 None Shope Lifting 7 Yrs.             Dito Octr. 28/87
  Jane Parkenson 24 None Wearing appl. 7 Yrs.           child: B: Lady Penrhyn Octr. 28/87
  Elizt. Thackey 22 None Shope Lifting 7 Yrs.             Charlott Octr. 28th/87
  Charlotte Ware 26 None Shope Lifting 7 Yrs. London   Middlesex     M Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87
  Mary Watkings 19 None Gown & Handks. 7 Yrs.             Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 Augt. 1787
April the 10 1787 Elizt. Pugh 22 None House Breaking 7 Yrs.           child: G: Dito Octr. 28/87
  Elizt. Mason 22 None 15 Guineas Stolen 14 Yrs.             Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87
March the 11 1787 Elizt. Clark 20 None House Breaking 7 Yrs.             Dito Octr. 28/87

Transcript of a262011

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Transcript of a262012

List of Female Convicts Received from the Charlotte Transport

Time Received Names When Dischargd. Where Too
Augst. 11th/87 Hanah Smith Octr. 28th/87 Lady Penrhyn
Augst. 11th/87 Fanny Anderson Octr. 28/87 Lady Penrhyn
Augst. 11th/87 Margt. Stuart Octr. 28th/87 Lady Penrhyn
Augst. 11th/87 Mary Phillips Octr. 28th/87 Prince of Wales
Augst. 11th/87 Ann Coombs Octr. 28th/87 Prince of Wales
Augst. 11th/87 Elizh. Coole Octr. 28th/87 Prince of Wales

Transcript of a262013

May the 13th. 1787

5 oClock in the Morning The Sirius made the Signal for the whole fleet to get under Way, O gracious god Send that we may put in to Plymout or Torbay in our Way down Channell that I may See my dear and fond affectioned Alicia and our Sweet Son before I leave them for this long long absents - Oh almighty god hier my prayer and grant me this request - Satt down and wrot a few lines to my Tender Betsey, and sent them by the pilot to put into the Post office, what makes me so happy this day is it because that I am in hoppes the fleet will put in to Plymt. - Oh my fond heart lay still for you may be dispointed I trust in god I will not

Monday the 14

Oh my God all my hoppes are over of Seeing my beloved wife and Son - Plymt. Sound in Sight - Oh croul wind why will you not change and grant my fond heart the longing wish, the Pylades in sight also - oh that I could Send this letter on board of her for my Beloved woman and bid her a long Adui now I must goe without knowing how my dear Boy is may his great God protect him and preserve for his fond father and Beloved mother, oh how hard is my fate of not being able to See [the]m and been so near them - dear happy spot adieu wher all my treausure is on earth dear stocke adieu

the 15 abreast of Falmouth and a great number of fishing Boats in Sight - I wish that on[e] of them would come in board of use that I might send a letter on shore by her to my Betsey but I find it is in Vain to Botany Bay I must

Transcript of a262014

must goe - I trust in god that it is all for the best if I thought other Wise I never should have thought of leaving the best of women and the most Sweetest of Boy's, will make my self as happy as my absents from them will admit - I will take my Beloved Betsey advice in putting my whole trust in god, for I now find without him there is no happiness in this World - I hope he will be my Guard and protector while absent from England and ever after

16

The Fis[h]burn made our Signal to Speak use - going every moment father from all that my soul holds dear - I wish to god that I was once so near home to them again then I should be a happy man - untill then I must make my self as happy as I can - Several Ships standing to the E:W: - the Seamen refused to doe there duty on Account of there Provisions - the agent came on board by the Commd. orders to enquire in to the complaint which was that the[y] would have two pounds of Beef a day in the room of having 1 pound which is at present a half a pound a day more than we are alloud - the[y] all agreed to goe to work again Since the other Seamen in the rest of Transports have no more but if any Ship in the fleet gives ther Ships Company more they are to expect the same - I never met with a parcle of more discontent fellows in my life the[y] only want more Provisions to give it to the damed whores the Convict Women of whome the[y] are very fond Since they brock throu the Bulk head and had

Transcript of a262015

connection with them - I never could have thought that there wair So many abandond wreches in England, the[y] are ten thousand time worse than the men Convicts, and I am affraid that we will have a great dele more trouble with them - the wind, S:E: our Course, WB:S: went by the Log 101 miles.

17/ a great many Porposus a bout the Ship, which the Seamen Say is a Sure Sign that it will blow hard - I dreamt of my beloved Betsey last night - wind S:B:E Course NB:S: went by the Log 73 miles, have had no obs. these two days

18/ Modrat and clear Wether, Saw two large Duch Ship a running to the ye. Eatsward, bore down to Leward to speak the Agent - dreamt again of being with my dear Alicia, I hope in god that ther is nothing the matter with them. I trust in him that my dear Boy has got well over the Small Pox, what would his fond father, give to know - wind NB:S Course NB:N: went by the Log 65 miles, Obs. to day Latt 48-56N

19/ exceedingly Sea Sick, strong wind with drizling rain, with a large Swel runing from ye. S:W: the Commd. made the Signal, for the Ships to close - wind S:S:W: and Variable Course NB:SS: no obs. to day

20/ exceedingly Sea Sick still, Strong wind and constant Rain, begine to think that Seing many Porposus, is a Sign of blowing hard, a great number of those fish a bout the Ship - the Commd. made the Signal for the Ships to close - Still a very large Swell

Transcript of a262016

from the S:W: -theCommdore made the Signal to Wair Ships and haild use and gave orders to put the Convicts out of irons and order use to order the other Transports to doe the same, at the same time informing use to get our letters redy that the Hayena would part with the fleet for England tomorrow -the Hayena made the Signal to Speak the Commd. haild the Alexander, Charlotte, Scarborough to put the Convicts out of Irons -Sat down to writ a letter to my dear Beloved wife and most Sinceer friend on earth -God out of his great goodness give her health and that of our dear Sweet Boy, if I had either his mother or him I would eat them up with love and kisses -have been exceedingly Sick all day, not able to hold up my head

Sent my letter by Capt Walton to my ever dear belove and Tender Alicia for him to put on board the Hayena -Capt Walton went on board the Commd. respecting putting all the Convicts out of Irons, as Capt Merideth and Self don't think is Save for so great a number to be out of irons at once. the Commd. inform the Capt of the Ship that Since there was so great a number of the Mercurys on board of use, to put them out when we think proper and on the Smales falt to put them in again -the Hayena parted company with the fleet, thank god that my letter is on board of her, I think if I had waited untill to morrow, should have miss the oppotunity of sending it as a great number has done -I wish I had been the

Transcript of a262017

Bearer of the dear letter to my Alicia, then I should be quite happy -wind WB:S Course WB:S: went by the Log 65 miles Latt 47-51N:

21/ Very Sea Sick this day -thank God that the Hayena has got so good a wind, my beloved woman will have my letter Sooner than if the wind was against her -wind S:E: and our Course W:N:W: Latte. obs. in to day 47-28N: went by the Log 48 Miles

22/ much better than I was Yesterday -the Commd. made the Signal for the fleet to Tack -Light Breeses and hazey, wind Variable Course W:N:W: went by the Log 44 miles Latt: 46:59.N:

23/ did nothing but dream all last night, but being with my most Sinceer Betsey and Son -oh my god never did a man long So much after any thing than I doe to know how they Both are, what would I give for a letter from her dear hand but why doe I think of inpossabilitys because I love them tenderly with a Sincer hart, as ever man loved woman -modrat Wether to day -the Ship very healthy only a few Sea Sick -Wind W:B:W: Course S:W:B:S: went by the Log 90 miles Latte. 45-40N

24/ a little Sea Sick to day, a strong wind and Squaly with a great Swell from the West -a great number of fish a bout the Ship -wind West Course S:W:B:S: went by the Log 83 Miles Latt 44-10N

25/ not Sea Sick to day, hope it has quite left me, hope the Hayena has got Save home and my beloved Betsey has got her fond Clarks Letter. I wish I could send her a nother -a strong wind from the N:W: and cloudy Wether, exceedingly hot to day. Ships Course S:W: went by the Log 109 miles Latt 42:19N.

Transcript of a262018

26/ Shortened Sail to Speak the agent. a fresh of wind and cloudy Wether, wind from the N:E: Sailing to the S:W a find wind for use to Teneriff, hope to be there in a few days if this wind continue -went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 109 miles Latte. ob 40:40 North

27/ a large Swel from the NW: Strong wind from the N:E: and cloudy -Ships course S:W: Went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 125 Miles 38:39 Latt.

28/ have not been Sea Sick for these Several days, hope in god it has left me -dreamt last night of being with my Beloved Alicia, at Mr. Bedlakes, hope in god that there is nothing the matter with her or my Sweet Boy -Saw a large ship standing to ye. Northward -was the first on board that Saw her, Saw also a Brigg a standing to the Southward -hope to be at Teneriff in two or three days if this wind Stands, the wind blows very Strong from the NE with a great Sea following use -Ships course S:W: flog this day John Bennet, a Convict, with 37 Lashes for breaking out of Irons, a young man But ane old Rogue -read Part of the Story of the Humble friend in the Lady Magazien, for the Year 1775, very much taking with it -went by the Log Since yesterday 12 oClock, 131 miles Latt 36-03N

29/ fresh Gales and Hazey wether -Shortened Sail for the Ships a Stairn, the Commd. made the Signal for the Ships to close -read part of the Humble friend again this day, admire the Caracter of Mr. Audley -wind from the N:E: Ships Course S:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 155 miles, not bad going -Latt: none to day

30/ fresh wind and Squally with Drizzling rain at times carried away

Transcript of a262019

the main Top Gallant Mast, Soon after got up another, a great Swell running from the N.E. -Saw the land which proved to be the Island of Sancto, one of the Canarys Bearing W:N:W: distance from use about 3or 4 Leagues -I wish that it was the St Nicolas, then I should not be long before I Should See my beloved Alicia and dear Sweet Boy, I wish to God I know how the[y] was, then I should be a little more happier than I am at present -went by the Log Since Yesterday 12 oClock 99 miles Latte obs. in to day 32.13 North.

31/ Light Breezes and Pleasent Wether and at times inclineable to calm -the agent made our Signal to Speak him Shortened Sail for that purpose and for the Ship astairn to come up -the wind from the N.E: Blow a little fresh in the night Ships course SB:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday noon 90 miles Obs. to day 30:43N

June the 1st.

Pleasent Weather a little wind from the W.S.W: the ship course S:B:W: calm the most of the last night -went by the Log Since Yesterday noon only 58 miles Latt obs. in today 29 50 North

2/ calm mostly alday lay too for the Ship astairn to come up -Saw the Island of Salvages a nother of the Canarys Bearing SW of use about 4 or 5 Leagues -Shortened Sail to Speak agent -went by the Log only a fue miles no obs. Vation to day

3/ Light Breezes and inclinable to calm the little wind that there is from the S W B W: Ships head S.B.W: the Commd. made the Signal for Ships to tack last night - the Island of Teneriff in Sight distance 12 Leagues. 1 P.M. a good Breeze

Transcript of a262020

the Commd. made the Signal for the Ships to gett into ther stasion -at Eight oClock at night come to ane Anchor in the Roade of St Cruze, Island of Teneriff, one of the Canarys -the Shore looks from the Ship but high Baron Rocks, hope that I shall have ane opportunity at this place by Some Ship going to Some port in Europe to send a letter to my dear heavenly Woman, god only knows how much I love her and what I would goe throu for it to be of any Service to her how I long to Know how my Ralphie is. I hope that he is alive and in good health

4/ Lieut Long came on board with orders at Six oClock in the morning from Majr. Ross and Capt Phillip and also to inform use that if we wish to be introduced to the Spanish Govenour that Majr. Ross would doe it and for use to be onboard the Sirius at 11 oClock from whence he should goe with the Officers that come on board for that purpose. Capt Meredith and I declaind going But Mr. Faddy went. Major Ross came on board respecting 2 Serjeants whome Capt Meredith had confined for a Court Martial for unsoldierly Behavour -Majr. Ross told Capt Meredith that he would not try them although he said the[y] ought both to hanged for the offence (a very pretty Way of carr[y]ing on Service I must own) and order them both to be released -our Ship drove of the Bank and was oblige to get the anchor up and goe out to Sea and make a Tack Come again to an Anchor -the Commd. and Major Ross came on board and order all the Convicts to be put out of Irons with Strick order for them to be put in Irons again on the Smales offence and inform use that ther should [be] wine and fresh Beef for the whole of use while we remained here

Transcript of a262021

and that ther was a Spanish Packet to sail for old Spain to morrow after noon and if we would Send our letters on board of his Ship he would Send them Save for use (for the orders left by Lt. Long See the orderly Book) Satt down a wrot part of a letter to my Sinceer and affectioned wife -Several Boats came off with thing from the Shore to Sell was in hopes that we should have got Some fruit heer but it not being the time of Year excep for green figgs and Pumkings -never Saw the Kings birth day worse kept than this

5/ got by Six oClock to finshis my letter to my adorable Alicia wrot one also to Mr. Hartwell -went on board the Alexander Transport & According to the orders of Yesterday to enquire into the merrits of a complaint made by first Lieut John Johnstone agains two of his men and to report to the Commanding Officer whether are grounds for a general Court Martial -got almost over set by the poppling Sea -Sent my letters on board the Sirius god grant them a Save passaged and a Quick one -the Sun exceedingly hott

6/ the Sun very hot endeed wish that we wair gone from heer -hope the Ship will not get Sickly -thank god She is very from that at Present throu the great attention of Mr. Arundell the Doctor -went on board the Scarborough with Arundell to dine with Shea, Kellow, Davy and the Doctor

7/ have had fresh Beef for these two days past it is very poor but exceedingly Sweet I wish we could have it all the passage -the fleet getting Waterd as fast as possible -the Ship as full of vats as She can hold Very hot indeed have not been in shore nor doe I intend it having no money to Spend -the Shore looks very Baren the Peke is the highest land that I ever Saw -orders came on board for

Transcript of a262022

which See the orders in the orderly of this date

8/ went on board the Alexander Transport according to the orders of Yesterday as a Pro[vost?] but was obliged to sitt as a Member of the Court Martial in the room of Lieut Sharp -Exceedingly hott the Sun to day

9/ the Sun remarkable hott sat down after dinner and wrot a letter to my Beloved Alicia my most Sinceer Betsey Alicia Clark as I find the Commander means to Sail to Morrow and as there is a English Brigg heer loading for London -Capt Merideth and Mr. Arundell the Surj went on Shore and bought a great number of Pumkings Wine and other Stock for the Mess no fruit of any kind to be had

10/ get up by day light and wrot the remainder of the letter to my honour wife which I left unfinished Yesterday and went on board the Scipio Capt Kirkman with it wher I found that he was to call at Plymouth for T.Pilot -I wish that I know that before wrot on board of the Scipio on the Back of my letter Per Favour of Capt Kirkman of the Scipio -Should have wrot a nother letter theer for my Beloved but the Commd. made the Signal for the whole fleet to wight at 5 oClock in the Morning very little wind and the Sun exceedingly hott I hope we shall find more fruit at St Jagoes than we have done at this Place

11/ no wind this day the Ships head all round the Compass -Teneriff and the Grand Canarys both in Sight Latt ob 20-0 North

12/ calm most part of the this day Teneriff and the Grand Canarys in Sight -order came on board for which See the orderly book of this date -not very well this day I hope I am not going to be Sick -dream of b[e]ing with my amiable Alicia last night at Mr. Kempsters -hope she is not ill -Lat obd. in 27-3N 13

Transcript of a262023

13/ Worse than I was Yesterday gracious God for the Sake of my beloved wife and dear Sweet Boy restore me again to health which you have heather to blessed me with merciful god -wind S:W: and a good Breze Course S:W:B:W: -the Agent made our Signal to Speak him went by the Log Since Yesterday noon 95 miles, no obsvn

14/ Exceedingly ill this day oh my God for Your Servant my dear Alicia's Sake dont for Sake me -took ane ematick by the doctors orders, very ill after it -the doctor very kind gave me Some thing else in the Evening -hope that we will be at St. Jagoe in 3 or four days at most if this wind stands -Shortend Sail often for Ships a Stiern -CloseWeather with rain at times -Wind NE Ship course SW:B:W went by the Log 95 miles Latt ob 25:10 North

15/ a little better to day I never wish'd more to see my Alicia than now -Oh my God what it is to Love so tenderly as I doe my dear Sweet Alicia and Son -order to take the Bark -much Troubled with the hart Burn Since ever I was first taking ill -hope in God will again be quit well in a few day -Shortened Sail for the Ships a stairn -Strong wind and Pleasing Weather -Wind EN:E: the Ships course S:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 130 Miles Latt observade in To day 23:28 North

16/ Thank my gracious God for being so much better to day, I trust in his goodness that he his hard my prayers, oh if my dearly dearly Beloved woman know that I was ill how unhappy She would be, Blessed God Protect her and my Sweet Ralphie in health and welfare is my constante Prayer -often Shortened Sail for the Ships a Stairn to come up to day -Still Strong wind and Pleasent Weather -wind N.E: and a good wind for use course S:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon untill to day 12 oClock 157 Miles Latte. observad in to day 21..23 North

Transcript of a262024

17/ a great dele Better than I have been Yet thank my God for it also Mr. Arundell for his kind attention -Strong wind Still and Pleasing Weather with a following Sea -Wind N:EB:E the Ship Course S:WS and went by the Log Since 12 oClock untill to day Noon 174 Miles -Not bad going for a Transport deeply loaded -Latte. obs. 18:55 North

18/ Quit well to day thanks to my blessed God our heavenly father for being So good to me and family hope in the Lord that my ever honourd dearly Beloved wife and Sweet Boy are well then I am compleatly happy -fresh gales from the NEBE and Hazey Weather -Shortened Sail for the Ships a stairn -Split the Fore Top Sail -the Comr. made the Signal for the fleet to Shorten Sail -Saw the Island of St Lucia one of the Cape De Vere Islands -Ships cours S:SW: went by the Log Since Yesterday 166 miles from 12 Noon untill 12 to day Latt 16.30

19/ Quit Recovered from my late illness -cannot Return too much thanks to my maker for it -dreamt of being with Reynolds at the Lovells last night hope he is well poor fellow -Still Strong wind from the E:N:E: with Hazey Weather -the Ship Stiring S:B:E: -Saw theland of the Island of Bonavista another of the Cape De Vere Island -The Comd. made the Signal for the Ship to come in to there Stations Lay too for 5 hour -10 oClock the Island of May another of the Cape De Vere -11 oClock Lay the Land of the Island of St Jagoe -Capt Meridith put the four Convict women Elizh. Dudgeon, Marget Hall, Elizh. Pully, Charlott Ware out of Irons whome I had put in Irons on the 9 of this month for fighting ther was never three great whores living than they are, the four of them that Went throu the Bulk head while we lay at the Mother Bank -I am convinced the[y] will not be long out of them the[y] are a disgrase to ther Whole Sex B…..s

Transcript of a262025

that they are I wish all the Women Wair out of the Ship -Log Since Yesterday Noon Untill to day dito 104 Miles Latte. 14.58 North-

20/ I am greatly disapointed in the Commr. not going after attemting it the wind would not let use -most wait with patience untill we get to South America which is a very long passaged -Gentle Breezes from the E:N:E: and Hazey Weather our Course South -how long will it be before I heer from my Beloved Alicia -went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon Untill to day dito 99 Miles Latt 13.13N

21/ the Sun very hot to day -what will it be Should we be becalmd on the Line -Modrate Breeze from the N:E: -Ships course South -all the fleet in company -Log for 24 hours 108 Miles Latt 11:57 North

22/ to-morrow oh my Great God three Years is the day that you made me the most happy of men on the face of the earth for Which I shall never forget your goodness, for never did man posses Such Treassure before as is centerd in her, dear Blessed Woman the most tender best and Beautifulest of her Sex, god out of his great goodness grant her health and wellfare is the Sinceer Prayer of Your Servant -O Lord I will alwayse keep the 23rd. of June as long as I have breath in my Body and alwayse make it a happy day of it Wheather at home or a Broad -I have ask Capt. Walton, Mr. Laurance the first Mate and Mr. Short the 2d Mate of the Ship to par take along with my Mess Mates and Self of my happiness and will Spend the day as happy as the Ship will per mitt if I thought that I Should have been So unhappy at leaving my family behind I should never have come away from them -I did not know half how much I love them or all the gains on earth Should never have made me leave them O dear Sweet Alicia my dear Beloved Alicia and Sweet Boy -Modrat Breeze from the N -Course South Log 77 Miles Latt 10.47 N.

Transcript of a262026

23/ Blessed Lord God, Heavenly father, accept of my Prayer and thanks for my Self and Your Servant Betsey Alicia for joing our hands and Hearts this day three Years in happy Union -Oh Gracious Jesus in what manner Shall I humble myself to make you ane recompence for giving me so heavenly a Gift -oh my Beloved God protect her and Self in health and welfare and that of our dear plege of our love which you have been So kind and good to give use Bless him in all his Actions and be his protector good Jesus, what would I give to bee with my Sinceer Alicia this day -I only want that to make me most Sinceerly happy for with her I cannot be otherwayse than happy dear Heavenly woman the best of wives the most Sinceerest friend and the kindest of Mothers where is a nother to be found her equal -none on earth tender Beautiful Lovely to excess happy man that I am -never after it pleases god that I Return to my much Beloved Alicia Shall any thing Seperat me from them dear good Woman I did not know thy Worth or I should not gone on this long absents -oh how I long for the months to fly away to restore to my Alicia my friend my dear wife and Beautiful little engaging Son oh Sweet boy what would Your father give for a kiss of Your Mother and You -oh I think I heer him cry pappa pappa as I am taking my hat to goe out -dear Sweet Sound musick to my poor ears the only happiness that I have is the kissing of my Betseys dear Pictor and my little Boys hair that She Sent

Transcript of a262027

I would not part with them for a Captains Commission for with out them I Should be the most unhappy of men now living -May the Almighty be a guard over my wife Son and Self then we shall want for nothing -I could write abouth them for ever but most leave off and See a bout getting dinner -thank god that it is Still Modrate Breeze from the North as I now can enjoy my friends the better as I wish to be happy -This day wind from the E:N:E: Course South went by the Log 60 Miles -The Weather been cloudy had no obervation to day

24/ Made my friends as happy as I in the Ship could and the[y] wair happy as the[y] Saw that it maid me happy on Account of it being Yesterday may Weding day - I gave them a cold dinner wine Beer and Cyder which was all that I had -the doctor Faddy and Self Sagn untill 10 oClock at Night -dear happy day I hope my dear Alicia keep it when My God Shall She and I be together to keep it -god only knows how Much I love her never did man love Woman So as I doe her dear Tender Soul the best of her Sex, if God keeps me in life I will always have Some friends to dine with me that day for it was the bestand happiest day that ever I Saw and will also keep that of our dear Sons dear Sweet Boy -I hope that he will be like his mother then he will be Beautiful in deed -have a pain in my head to day from the drinking Yesterday hope it will goe off Soon otherwayse very well -hope to remain So for my Alicia and Son's Sake -Dreamt last night that Mrs. Copland

Transcript of a262028

was broght to Bed of a Son if So I wish her joy or when ever it is and wish Mattw. all the happiness that this world affords Departed this life Patrick Delany Convict which has been Expected ever Since he came on board -a fue Sick only but non very bad Excep Parkenson one of the Convict women which is her own falt -Thunder and Lightening all round -Shours of havey rain -Log 51 -Wind South -Latt to day 9.11 North.

25/ Thunder and Lightening with Havey Shours of Rain all day -Log 43 Latte. 8:38 North.

26/ Light airs of wind and Verable the Sun Exceedingly hott to day Log 29 miles -I wish to god that the wind would come fair otherwayse we shall make a long passaged and the Ship will get very Sickly -thank god that we have none on board that is very bad -Latt 8.48 North gone ten miles back again than wher we was Yesterday-

27/ Very havey Squals of wind and rain all day -all the Ships in company -Log 42 Miles Latte. 8:8 North

28/ dreamt of being with my beloved Alicia -oh why did the dear Sweet Woman learn me to believe in dreems if she had Should not have been so unhappy as I am at this present momont from dreaming that my Alicia took a dead louse from herself and gave it me -oh unlucky dream for have often herd her say that dreaming of lise was a certain Sign of Sickness -oh my Gracious God protect her and Son in health and welfare is

Transcript of a262029

the most Sincer prayer of her fond and affectioned Clark -when ever it pleases god to restore me to my dear beloved Betsey my fond wife and dear Sweet boy never will I leave them for living as I have done Since that fatal day the 12 of March last have been in Missary ever Since -Havey Squals of rain and wind with dito of thunder and Lightening -Log 28 miles Latt 7:32 North.

29/ Saw a strange Sail to the South west standing to the W. -She hoisted portigues Coulors and comig dount to Speake the Comd. who sent his boat on board of her find that She is bound from Lisbon bound RioJanirio in South America the Same place that we are going too -wish in Christ that the wind would come fair -a great number of fish about the Ship -Mr. Laurance the first mate caught three Dolphins and one Bonetta with the grains -gentle Breeze and pleasent Weather Log 63 miles Since Yesterday 12 oClock Latte. by ob 7:31 North

30/ Very little wind all day and that from the Southwd the worst wind that can blow for Use -the Portigues Vessel in Company and going the Same Way that we are -Log 43 Miles Latte. by obs. 7:27 North

July the first

Squaly all round with constant Heevy rain all day -dreamt again of being at home with my dear Betsey my only friend -it must be from doing nothing the Whole day but of thinking about them that

Transcript of a262030

makes me dream So often of them -I hope they are well then I am happy -Log 57 miles -Latte. 6.55 North

2/ fresh wind and Cloudy Weather -The Commr. made the Signal to tack Ship all the fleet in Company -The Portigues could not keep up with use parted Company with her in the night -Log 80 Miles Latt by obs. 6:39 North.

3/ was cald up by the Capt of the Ship last night informing use that his men had brock throu the Womens Convicts Bulk head again and that he had caught four of the women in the mens place -four of the Number that had gone throu while we lay at the Mother Bank & two of them that I had put in Irons while we lay at Teneriff for fighten -I thought as I have Said before that these D..…d troubelsem Whores it would not not be long before the[y] gott ther again -made the Signal to Speak the Comr. the Capt went on board the Commr. who order the men that the women wair with to be brought on board of him Sent the Carpenter the Boatswain the Steward and one of the Seamen being the four men that Elizh. Dudgeon Elizh. Pully Elizh. Thackly Sarah McCormick wair with Whome the Comr. flogd except the Carpenter and order the four Women to be keep in Irons all the Way -if I had been the Commr. I Should flogd the four Whores also -fresh Breeze from the Southard Log 54 miles Latt the Same as Yesterday -order came on board from Major Ross for which See in the order Book of this date

4/ little wind to day Log 47 miles Latte. 6:22 North

Transcript of a262031

last night one of the Marines wives was brought to Bed of a fine Boy the Child has got a defect in his right hand otherwise the Mother and it are as well as the come Saying is as can be expected

5/ caught a large Shark to day -the agent made the Signal for all Masters -the master went on board the Commondore to Riceeve orders and returned Soon after with a Shoulder of Mutton from the Commr. to Mr. Faddy wife Servant who was yesterday brought to bed and also with following order Respeting the Water

When the Sirius hoist a Blue flag with a Yellow Cross at the Main Top Gallant Mast head the officers Seamen Marines and Convicts are the to goe on allowance of water -Three pints for the Twenty four hours, one half to be served in the Morning and the remainder in the afternoon -A Lieutenant of Marines with a Serjeant or Corporal and tuo of the Convicts always to be present when the Water is Served that part of Hold wher the Water is kept is never to be opend but in the presence of those appointed to See the Water Served and the Serjeant or Corporal and the two Convicts are to be changed every day -the Water that is Necessary for the Stock is to be given out at the time the Water is Served to the people and the Quantity Issued daily to be marked in the Ships Log Book.

The Surgeon to have whate Water he Judges Necessary for the Sick and a proper Quantity of Water is to be delivered out every morning for the Coppers which the Officer and Men appointed to See the Water Served will See put in the Coppers --

The Orders to be read to the Ships Company the Marines and Convicts.

Transcript of a262032

One Quart of Water a man to be allowed for the Coppers

Sign A Phillip

M: S: Sirius at Sea July 5 1787

about four oClock this after noon the Sirius made the above Signal for the fleet to be put on the above allowance of Water -I hope in Christ that the wind will come fair, that we may not be put on a shorter allowance than three pints in the Twenty four hours, for it is a great Way to Rio Janiero and no licklyhoods of Getting ther Soon with this Wind
I trust in gods goodness that he will protect use from Sickness as he has hitherto done -Spoke Kellow and Davy who informed use that Capt. Shea was very ill and that it was the Surgeons oppinion that he would not live I hope he will Recover for his wife and Young family Sake for no body knows the loss of Parent but them that has Experienced Such a loss for instance My Beloved Betsey when she lost her Tender Mother dear good Woman she was; a loving wife and a Most Tender and Kind Mother, a Sinceer friend with ane open hand and purse to the

Transcript of a262033

needy and poor -my dear Beloved Alicia has all the Virtues of the Best of Women that Was (her Mother) -Capt. Walton has given me a puppy have cald it Efford after the dear Sweet place wher first I came acquainted with my Alicia my Vertious Wife -Capt Merideth order one of the Corporals to flog with a rope Elizh. Dudgeon for being impertinent to Capt. Meridith -the Corporal did not play with her but laid it home which I was very glad to see -then order her to tied to the pump She has been long fishing for it which She has at last got untill her hearts containt -Latte.

6/ Nothing exstrodinary to day -Latte.

7/ caught to very fine Bonaties with the grains to day -Latte.

Sunday the 8 July 1787
8/ caught a very large Shark one Bonetta 2 Dolphin with the hook and one very large Dolphin withe grains -thank god for the fish as it is a very good fresh male and Made into chouder eats most Exellence -I wish we may get Some fish Every day which will Save our Stock as it begines to grow low having now only 5 fouls and one Small pigg beloning to the Mess -Saw a Sloop

Transcript of a262034

Standing to the North Ward the Commr. made the Signall for the fleet to tack came up withe Sloop that we Saw in the morning -the Supply Spoke her dont know wher She is from or Bound too -Latte.

Munday the 9 July 1787

9/ caught a large She Shark this morning with 37 Young ones in her -the Same Weather that we have had for these 8 days past thank god for his goodness in Keeping Use from Sickness and permitting the two or three that have being Slightly ill to recover -Spoke the Alexander Transport -Saw John Johnson my old companion in the Dutch Service and Maitland Sharp my old School fellow well as also Balmain the Surgeon and all on board very well -Latte.

Tuesday the 10 July 1787

Was taking very ill in the Night order Some Phisex was very ill all day I wish to god the wind would change -the Weather has been Exceeding hott for these Several days past and very little wind -Latte.

Wednesday the 11

Still very ill and have been all Night could not close my Eyes for

Transcript of a262035

thinking what would become of my belove Alicia and dear Sweet Boy if any thing Should happen to me -Gracious God Spair me for Mywife and childs Sake o Blesed Christ doe -for what will become of them -order again to take the bark the doctor informs me that my ilness is only from the change of climat and that I will be well again in a day or two -I trust in god that he will be so good as to restore me a gain to my former good state of health -Latte.

Thursday the 12

thank my Gracious God for his goodness in given me health again hope to be quite well in a day or two -dreamt last night of having been with my dear Alicia and Miss Turner in dock and that my Tender love was sitting at the fire with her night cap on and Seemd very low- I hope in gods goodness that ther is nothing the matter with her for if I know ther was I should certainly goe mad -heavens grant ther is nothing amiss with her or our dear child -god preserve them Both is my most Sinceer prayer -I Shall now be the most Unhappy of men living untill I dream of them again -oh why did my Betsey make

Transcript of a262036

me believe So much in dreams -I hope that I shall dream of My dearest wife my most Sinceer friend (what Tender name shall I Mention of my Alicia that will make it Sound more dear to my Ears for she is by all that is Sacrad the most lovely of Women) to night -nothing Extraordinary has happend to the fleet Since my last and have gone very little on our way to Rio Janerio -Latte

Friday the 13

the fleet all in company thank god I was with my betsey last night again by which I am to day in a little better Spirits than I was Yesterday the dreaming last night of My betsey given me Gold has quite recoverd me again -Thanks to Mr. Arundell also for his very Kind attention for he realy is very Kind and tender to me when I am any wayse ill -I know that if my Alicia was here She would thank him most kindly for it -Spoke the Scarborough and Kellow informd me that Capt. Shea was much better thank god for it and I am heartly glade it is so for his Wife and Young family Sake -Latte.

Transcript of a262037

Saturday the 14

I am exceedingly glade that we have got over the line to day at Six oClock hope we will have a little better wind this Side of the World than we had the other Side -read this day part of the Tragady of Douglas oh with what Sinceer love dose Lady Randolph exspress herself for the Death of Douglas & her lost child and the timeless death of her Brother, in the begining of the first Act -how hard it is on the part of Lord Randolph who loves his wife Sinceerly and she only Returns that love with friendship -I love the character of Anna, but I am affraid that Glenalvan from his first Speech has Some Treachery in Vue hope not but Some thing fortells me he has -Latte.

Sunday the 15

the weather Exceedingly hot -all the fleet in company and Ship will lay her course with the wind would come a little more aft -amonst other thing that in conversation after dinner the Coudrys family was brought on the carpet When Mr. Faddy informed the

Transcript of a262038

company that if ever woman was - that Hanah Coudry was while at Mrs. Fuges in Stone House by Mr. Perry then also at Fuges -I ask him how he could Say So, Faddy made Answer that he was certain of it as Mr. Perry had as good as told him So -I thought when I went to See Miss Coudry at Mr. Simons in Plymouth after Mr. Fuges- things wair told off that Mr. Perry then took libertys with her while I was in the Room that he as a married man Should not have done and more So on her Side as a Virtious Young Woman ought not to have Sufferd, which I mentioned to my beloved Betsey, the moment that I came home -if it is So as Mr. Faddy Says, I am exceedingly Sorry for her father and Mother and her other two Sisters but cannot Say I am very Sorry for her to take up with a man whome She know was a Married man and a father of a family and he cannot be any thing but a Rascal which certainly most be -Latte

Transcript of a262039

Munday the 16

thank God for having the Wind a little More fair that we had it for the 3 weeks past -hope we will get into port in a fortnight now if this wind stands -Read the remainder of the Tragady of Douglas this oh it is a Sweet play -what ane innocent Sweet Speech that is of Young Norval when he informs Lord and Lady Randolph whome he is and wher his father lives, on the Grampine hills -My father feeds his flock [etc] [etc] and what are the emotions in the Breast of Lady Randolph when She Sees the features and shape of her lost and Stained Husband Douglas in that of Young Norval -little dose She know fond Mother that he is her long lost Son or she would not have let him gone to the field with her Lord -What a Villain Glenalvon is if it had not been for him her Son had lived and She fond mother had not taken the rash step which She did -but Still I cannot think that She Loved

Transcript of a262040

as my Betseys My Virtious Alicia dose -heavens knows how much She and I loves, the Tear of Sorrow would not Refrain from rolling down my cheeks at the affecting Scain in this play. The Commondor made the Signal for the fleet to make more Sail -Latte. Obs. To day 1:23 South -poor Efford got his leg hurt this morning I hope he will recover on Account of the Name of the dear Sweet place I have cald him after -Latte.

Tuesday the 17

thank god that we have got a fair wind at last -gave one of the men convicts Some Silk thread white to cover Some button moules also Some cotton thread which Arundell gave me to get a pair of groves made of -the day Exceedingly hott -hope we will be at Rio in fourteen days from this -all the fleet in Company -thank God that I have been So Exceedingly well for these Several days past hope in Christ I will remain So -Latte. 4.17 South

Wednessday the 18

Saw the Alexander Send her Boat on board the Charlott and Return on board with Mr. White the Surgeon

Transcript of a262041

General -the Alexander Soon after made the Signal to Speak the Commondore from which I think that Some of the officers on board of her are dead or very ill or the Ship is become very Sickly -I hope in god neather for Should Sickness once come into the Ship dreadfull most be the consequence hope in my Great God that he will keep use from it, as his goodness has all along done -Sure he is very kind to use, and much we ought to thank him for it from the bottom of my heart I Return him my thanks morning and night

Sergt. Stuarts Youngest child was most kild by one of the Convicts letting it drop out of his hand into the fore hold -I should have been Exceedingly Sorry if any thing Should happent to it, for it is a Sweet little fellow and alway puts me in mind of my dr. Sweet Ralphie when I See it -the Supply Brigg haild use and ask use if we had Spoke the commondor to day -Answered not he then told use that is was the Commrs. orders

Transcript of a262042

that we Should have two Quarts a Water a day in the Room of three pints -thank god for -Elizh. Barbur one of the Convict Women abused the Doctor in a most terrible man[ner] and Said that he Wonted to….her and cald him all the names that She could think of -after dinner Capt. Meredith enquird into the matter and ask her how She could raise Such a report and abuse Mr. Arundell So She Still in Sisted that it was true She was very much in liqour

She was order on a pair of leg irons when She getting them on She begane to abuse Capt. Meridith in a much worse manner than She had done the doctor -She cald him every thing but a Gentle man and Said She was no more a Whore than his wife -She then begane and abused Faddy and I wonder how She come to forget me amonst the number, in all the course of my days I never hard Such exspertions come from the

Transcript of a262043

Mouth of human being -the Capt order her hands to tied be hind her back and to be gact to prevent her from making noise -She hoped and She was certain that she Should See use all thone over board before we got to Botany Bay- from the Bottom of my heart I dont think that the doctor Mr. Arundellever offer any Such a thing to that Brute -She disired Meredith to come and kiss her C…for he was nothing but a Lousy Rascall as we Wair all -I wish to god She Was out of the Ship -I would reather have a hundered more men than to have a Single Woman -I hope in the Ships that ever I May goe in herafter there may not be a Single Woman -caught two Bonatas this Morning but the Seamen caught them So none came to our Share -Latte.

Thursday the 19 Elizh. Barbur Remaind in that position that She was left in untill 6 oClock this Morning when She was let goe down and order up again

Transcript of a262044

and her hands again tied behind her back -the Seamen caught a very fine fish to day morning -I am glad to find that Sergt. Stuarts little Boy is better and the doctor Says that it has no bones brok -A great number of fish about the Ship to day -the fleet is very much Scatter -Latte. obs. to day 5:58 South.

Friday the 20

the Convict woman order to be punished the Same way as Yesterday- the day Exceedingly hott -caught by the Seamen 2 Bonattas both very large fish a great number about the Ship -hoisted out a boat to Scrub the Sides and bottom She being exceedingly foull with grass and Shells -Lay too to let the Lady Penryn come up. She Sailing So Exceedingly bad -Served out the water to day begining my Second week for all hands on Board According to the order Received the Commondor -made the Supplys Signal to come within haile -Latt ob in to day 6:51 South

Saterday the 21 got wett this morning in Seing the Water Served out for the Ships Company and lost my pencle by it -the day a great dele cooler than it was Yesterday -gave one of the men convicts Some thread to make me a nett for my head as the night caps are too warm and the[y] come of every night -the young child that was born the third of this month in the morning is also crippled in its right leg -I am Exceedingly Sorry for it poor little thing its hand is the Same as a ducks foot- the doctor has cut the fingers a Sunder once and will be obliged

Transcript of a262045

to cut them once more when we comes into harbour -have not found myself So well Since I have been at Sea -Slept Exceedingly well all night -have come to a Resulition not to open the case that contains my dear beloved wifes picture but once a week for fear that Some accident Should befall it So that So that I must now be content to kiss the little bag that it contains dear Sweet treasures -oh my beloved woman little doe you know how much I love you I god only knowsto what Excess that I doe -got my frame finished for my Betsey but I doe not think it good a nuff for her but Since I had It made for her will keep it untill I am able to give it her -oh when Shall that happy time come I wish it was to morrow -got a nother pair of my Trouser done have only on pair more to doe -gave a pair of old Stocking to be cutt up to make me Socks being in great Wont of them

Latt ob in to day 7:58 South -the Convict finished my Gloves this afternoon the[y] fitt very well -Shall give him thread to make me another pair for I am in great Want of them -had Some chouder for dinner to day thank God for it as I have had not a fresh dinner this week before -hope we shall be able to get Some fish to morrow -the fleet very much scaterd -the Commondore made the Charlett and Boroughdoles Signal to close or to come nearer him

Transcript of a262046

Sunday the 22 got up this Morning early and washd my Self all over -the Supply Brigg haild use and ask use what was our reason that we kept So fare to Wind Ward and why we did not Set our top Gallen Studding Sails -Faddy has had no Sleep he having a great number Bugges in the Small place wher he Sleeps has kild above a hunder this morning with oil of Tar -thank God that I have not one in my bed and hope I shall have none -the Ship is Swarming with them every body complains of them Except Capt. Meredith and Self who Sleep in cotts

Latte. obs. in to day 9 8 South -Capt Meridith put Margt. Hall one of the Woman in irons for Sh……between decks he handcuft her with Elizh. Barbar that abandond wrecth and took her leg irons off - I thought as I have Said once before that Margett Hall would Not be long out of these ornimonts that I put on her at Teneriff for her bad behavour ther -She was one of the Woman that went throu the Holl to the Seamen at the Mother Bank -Spoke the Scarborough and find them all well on board which I am very Glade -hope the[y] will remain So as I wish the Whole fleet

Transcript of a262047

Munday the 23 hard Squales with havy rain but thank god the wind is come abaft the beam -I now that we will be in Rio in a few days wher I hope to be able to Send a letter a Way home the day after our arrival to my ever dear and Tender Alicia Clark my much beloved wife -what would I give to heer from her and that She and my Son are well dear Sweet fellow -I Suppose that he has forgott his fond father who loves his mother and him dearly -Latte. ob to day 10:10 South -gave Mrs. Hart one of the Convict woman Some thread to make me a nother pair Trousers -the Commondore carried away his main Top Sail Yard inthe Slings -the doctor desired Margt. Hall out of Irons being very unwell

Tuesday the 24

it blowd very hard in the night -the fleet all in company -put Mrs. McNamara both legs in Irons for being very impertinent to the Convict cook put also again Elizh. Barbor in Irons who was let out when Margt. Hall was Yesterday She being hand cuft with her -hand cuft her with Elizh. Tackny and put leg Irons on Eliz Pully who was hand cuft with Eliz Tackny before -got my two Bandows done and the[y] fitt very well hope the[y] will remain better on my head than my night caps -although the wind blows hard it is fair and hope it will Remain So that we

Transcript of a262048

may Soon be at Rio Janeiro -thank God for being So kind to use, in keeping use So healthy having No Sick on board which is a very great blessing -latte. obs. in to day 11.49 South

Wednesday the 25

blow very hard in the night -all the fleet in company -Split the Jib and main Top Gallen Sails -a great Sea from the South East -Shipt Several in the cours of the day -the doctor beg the S: Mc cormick might be put out of Irons She being very unwell -Latte. obs in to day 13:26 S the wind has blowing very hard alday and Seems if it would blow harder Thursday the 26

got very little Sleep from the rolling of the Ship -blow Exceedingly hard in the night -Split the fore Top G: Sail in the night -abused the doctor for giving use So bad a dinner he being co[ok] for the week as a pice of pork Some potatoe and a pumpking piy -the doctor desired that Eliz Pully might be put out of Irons She being very ill having a blister on her -a feu Sick on board but none that are very ill -Latte. 15.4 South -the commondor made the Signal for to come and See the Longe. by his Time pice which we Saw to be 29.34W -the Goulden Grove carried away her fore Top G: Mast which is the third Since we left England

Friday the 27

very Squaly with hard Shours of rain -the Boroughdale carried away her For Top G Mast -Latte. ob in to day 16:33 South -gave the wood to the cabinet maker to make my beloved Betsey a writing desk -hope the[y] will make it well on her Account -caught 3 Bonettas to day -gave one to Capt Walton Saturday

Transcript of a262049

made the Signal (a blue Flag atthe main Top G: M Head) for the Ships to close and keep near the commanding officer -Soon after he made the Signal for the Ships to get in to ther Stations (a Blue Flag at the Fore Top G: M. Head) the wind Strong but fair -the commondore made the Lady Penryns Signal (a whit Flag at the Mizen Peek) to come in to his boat -Latte. in to day 18:5 South -Spok the Scarborough all well

Sunday the 29

a very fine Breeze and as fair as it can blow -the Supply Lieut Ball haild use and informed use to keep a good look out for in the track that we are now going ther is ane Island laid down which the[y] dont know wher abouts it is -all well on board the Supply -Capt. Walton kild a very fine hogg and Sent use a loin which is very good of him -hope Soon to be into port wher we may have fresh Beff again -opend the case of my dr. Beloved Betseys pictour and gave it a hunder kiss dear Sweet woman for herself and my dr. Boy -latte. ob in to day 19.32 S the convict woman finished the pair of Trousers that I gave her to make and the[y] fit very well -the commondor made the Signal to come and See the Longe. by his time pice which is 33.12 West -a very large came close in board the Ship -a great number of flying fish came on board in the morning Watch

Munday the 30 Still a very find Breeze and what is more a fair wind -have a great head ack -Latte. in to day 20:39 South -dreamt of being with my beloved Betsey and Son god Bless them both -Capt. Meridith ask me to day if I know

Transcript of a262050

Tuesday the 31

Still a very fine Breeze the Same wether that we had Yesterday -all the fleet in company but the Lady Penryn a great Way a stairn -three or four of the convicts complaining to day of being ill -the doctor Says that there is none very bad -Latte. ob in to day 21:48 South

Wednesday August the 1st.

all the fleet in company the Lady Penryn a good way a stairn -She Sails very bad for She was up with the fleet last night -the Commondor hoisted his broad pendant at the main Top G: Mast (which is Red with a Swallow Tail) I wonder he did not doe it long before now -a very fine day the wind the Same as it has been for the Several days past -hope to be into port in a day or two at most -Latt. in to day 22:35S -the commondor made the Signal (a white pendentat the Ensing Staf) to come and See the Lond. by his time pice but he carring to much Sail could not come up with him -Capt Meridith put Elizh. Barbor and Elizh. Thackny in irons together and Elizh. Dudgeon and Elizh. Pully together -the doctor having reported them well again Except Sarah McComick -the damed whores the moment that the[y] got below fel a fighting amonst one a nother and Capt Meridith order the Sergt. not to part them but to let them fight it out which I think he is very wrong in letting them doe so -the Fisbourn haild use and ask use how we all wair on board and found them all well the same as we are thank God

Thursday the 2 got early up for I could not Sleep on Account of dreaming of being with my beloved Betsey -hope in god that ther is nothink amiss with her or my Son -found a strange Sail in company with the fleet who hoisted Portigues coulers -Soon out Saild the Stranger although she is standing the Same way that we are -lost my dog Efford overboard I am apt to think that he was thrown over board by the first mate if I was certain I would make some of the men give him a good thrashing -I am sorry that I lost him poor dog for he begane to be very fond of me -the Commondor Sent the Supply Brigg ahead which

Transcript of a262051

I think is to look out for the land -Latte in to day 23–1 South -the commondore made the Signal (a white pendant at the Ensings staf) for to come and See the Loge. by his time pice which we Saw to be 40:25 West -the Supply made the Signal (which is hoisting her Ensing) for Seeing the land -Saw Soon after the land under the Lee Bow

Friday the the 3 got up early to serve the water to all hands on board -the land very near use but will not get into port as it is quit calm and very likly to remain So -got my beloved Alicias desk done all to the lock and hinges and green cloath which I hope to be able to get at Rio -I am happy to find that we are So near a place from whence I shall be able to write to my only friend dear Sweet woman -what would her fond Clark give to know how She and my dear heavenly Boy is all that I have in the world for to be with them -the commondore made the Signal (a dutch Jack at the Mizen Top mast head) for the fleet to bring too as he finds the fleet will not be able to come to ane Anchor to night

Sarah Mccormick taking very ill this after noon -the doctor has been oblige to Bleed her twice to day and Says that She will not live the night out -She is now quit Speachless I am apt to think (God forgive) if it is not So, that She is eating up with the P…She is one of them that went throu the Bulk head to the Seamen -I hope She has given them some thing to remember her -never was ther a Set of greater rascals together than the[y] are -the[y] are ten thousand times wors than the convicts and if the convicts had any thought to make ther escapt the[y] would assist them

Saterday the 4 the convict woman Still very ill -the doctor has been oblige to bleed her three times Since Yesterday which makes it 5 times -little wind all night and very little all to day -Shall not get into night -the commordore made the Signal for the fleet to Tack (ane English Jack at the Fore Top En M. Head) about twelfe he Tack again -two Small boats and a Strange Ship in Sight which come out of the Harbour

Transcript of a262052

Sunday the 5 it was calm all night -I am affraid that we will not be able to get in to day for ther is no wind -took my beloved Betseys pictour out of the little bag and kist it a hunder times my dear beloved woman -hope in god that She is well as that of our dear Sweet boy -a bout twelf oClock a little Breeze Sprung up hope we will be able to get into port to day - past four the commondore made the Signal (a chequered flag at the Mizen Peek) for the fleet to prepair to Anchor Still very little wind

Sarah McCormick Still very ill -the doctor has been up almost all night with her and has Bleed her now Eight times Since She first taking with the Stoppages of her breath -all the fleet in company -the land very near and the Strange Sail that we Saw Yesterday Still in Sight and 3 Small Boats -a very large turtle past very near the Ship -I wish that I had a pice of him for Supper to night -the commondor made the Signal to come to ane anchor at half past Eight (two lights at the Ensing Staf and fired two Guns) came to ane Anchor at past ten at night in road of Rio Janerio

Munday the 6 all the Ships at ane Anchor round use and the land of both Sides of use very high rocky Mountains all cover over with green trees -the commrs. boat came on board with order for the Capt of the Ship to goe on board the Sirius -the doctor went in board the charlett with a Sick list to the Surgeon General -Capt. Meridith went on board the Sirius respecting Elizh. Barbar Behavour -orders came on board for the Ship get under weght when the Sea Breeze Sets in and to goe up in the harbour -I wish to god that I could Send a letter (on board that Ship that is now under Way for Lisbon) to my beloved Alicia -Capt Shea came on board to See use -he looks Still

Transcript of a262053

very ill but he ought to thank god for his being So well as he is -he informs use that one of there Seamen fell from the main Top Gallen Yard Yesterday and frackterd his head and brock his arm all to pices but the Surgeon Says that he still will doe very well -Sarah McCormick still very ill -the doctor thinks her a great dele better than she was Yesterday -order come on board for to let every body have what water the[y] please thank god for it -got under way at half after 2 oClock and Stood in to the harbour as did all the fleet -a shore boat came along Side with Some black men in her and hove Several oranges on board -one the Right hand going in is a battry in ane opening close to the Waters edge the Same on the left hand -on the top of a very high hill and lines all the way down to the first Battry a very Strong fort on the Right hand almost even with the Water

when the Commd. came abreast of this fort he Saluted it with 13 Guns which the fort returnd with Same Number -one the left hand almost oppisid to the fort that Saluted ther is a nother fort but not near So Strong as it -a little father one the left hand is a Squar fort one an Island which we past also -the Charott came on board of use ther bein little wind

Spoke to Creswell and Poulden and find that the[y] have been very well as also Tensh -3 Boats with Several Gentlemen came along Side which throw Several oranges on board -at half after 5 the commd. made the Signal (a Checkerd flag at the Mizen peek) for the fleet to come to ane Anchor -came to anchor at half past 7 oClock in the Harbour of Rio Janaria South America -Rodney one of the Boys cald So from being on Board Ld. Rodneys Ship in the Accion of the 12 of April 1782 fell from the Staboard [set?] harpons over board but was got in again without hourting himself much except been brused from lighting one the Anchor befor he fell in the water

Transcript of a262054

Tuesday the 7 caught Several fish with lines out of the cabin windous which the[y] call old wives -Lieut Long & Fuzer and the commondors Sectary came on board with orders (for which See the orders in the orderly Book) Long ask me if I wish to goe a Shore to morrow to be intrudused to the Viz King as the[y] term him -I told him I had no particulor desire and Seeing Faddy ancious I declined going So Capt. Merideth and Faddy gave in ther names that the[y] would goe -at 10 oClock the Commd. made the Signal for the fleet to moor Ship -at 11 oClock we got under way to get father up the harbour -at one oClock let goe the Anchor near the commd. -after dinner the doctor and I went on board the Scarborou to see the lads ther wher we Staid to Tea and Supper -Sarah McCormick Still very ill She being the only one that we have Sick onboard -Lieut Maxwell came on board to ask Capt. Meridith if he would Exchange a Sergeant with him which Capt. M: would not doe

Wednessday the 8 Capt. M: and Faddy went on board the Sirius at past 9 oClock from that to goe on shore with the rest to the Viz Roys -Shifted our birth again -fresh Beef and greens came on board for the Marines and convicts -at 1 oClock Capt. M: and Mr. F: returnd and are very much taking with the Town -intend going to Wait on the comd. to morrow and from that I mean to goe on shore to enquir if ther are any Ships heer bound to Europe that I may Send a letter with them to my beloved Alicia bless her and that of my dear Sons -I wish them health and happiness is the most Sinceer prayer of her fond and affectioned husband and fond father -god protect them always

Thursday the 9 Raind very all last night and all this fore noon -Lieut Long came on board with order (for which See the orderly Book) -the doctor went on board the the Charlott to the Surgeon General respecting a cask of wine that has leak out -the commd. Sent Sent for Mr. Arundell to come on board of him wher he Staid dinner and returned in the boat with Major Ross who came on board to enquir into Elizh. Barber complaint which She has wrot to the comd. when he found the complaint but fixious

Transcript of a262055

Rise order to be Served a pound a day in the room of our pound a Bread -ment to have gone a shore to day for a walk but it been So bad a day did not wish to goe for to get Sick -for what would become of my dear well Beloved Alicia and that Tender Sweet Boy of ours -thank god that I find there is a Ship here bound to London and will Sail much a bout the Same time for ther that we will for the Cape of good hope -I shall write a long letter to my Adorabl Sweet and Sinceer Alicia -god out of his great goodness bless her and I wish her a good night for I suppose She is in bed long before this for it is now 11 although it is not 8 oClock now with use So god protect her and my Ralphie

Friday the 10 Faddy went on board the Charlott According to the orders of Yester to Sit as a member on a court martial -Capt. Meridith and the doctor went a Shore Soon after Breakfast and returned to dinner -Capt Hunter of the Sirius and Major Ross came on board Soon after they went on Shore and inform me to tell Capt. Meridith that he had Settled all the matter Respecting Elizh. Barbor with the comd. -Faddy Returns after dinner from Scarborough (wher he went to dinnerfrom the Charlott) with Kellow and Mr. Tolman and cald on me to goe on Shore with them which I did -landed at the Pallice and walk throu the Town and then a little way in the country

I did not See but one white woman all the time that I was on Shore and She was only peping throu the window gratings for the portagues will not permitt ther women to be Seen but the[y] behave very Polit to use -a bout two miles in the country we Stept in to a grove of oranges when the Gentleman ask use if we would walk in and offerd use knives and goe and eat oranges in the grove, he Sent his Servant with use to pull them of the Trees for use wher we eat as maney as we could and Stuft our pockets full and he would take nothing for them -his wife who is a true Native is very dark like a Mollotu

Transcript of a262056

presented me with a Nose Gay for which I thank her very much -Soon after returnd on board -from the bottom of my heart I dont beleve that ther is a Single Woman in all the place So hansom as my beloved Betsey if She Was her the[y] would Steal her from me but they must take first the last drop of my Blood before the[y] Should have her

Saterday the 11 after Break fast went on shore one the other side of the harbour wher the Town Stands with Capt Merideth wher we Staid Untill 2 oClock wher I did not See a Single white woman Except a feu Ugly Mollotues with whom we talk as well as we could -on both Sides of the road the oranges and limes are the Same as the nuttes are in England

on our Return on board found that Lieut Long had been on board with an order to discharge the following Women to the Charlott Viz Susanah Gought, Hannah Green, Francis Hart, Eliz Harvy, Mary Watkings and Ann Baighly the Six Very best Women we have in the Ship and to receive Six of the Worst from the Charlott which I dont think is right and I dont know what I shall doe now as well as the rest of use for the[y] are the only Women that can wash amonst them

Received the following Women from the Charlott Viz Margt. Stuart, Fanny Anderson, Mary Phillips, Hanah Smith, Elizh. Cool, Ann Combs -the doctor and I went on board the Alxd. to See Sharp and Balmain and John Johnson wher we staid Tea and Supper -found them all well but they have been ill Since the[y] left Teneriff

Transcript of a262057

Sunday the 12 drest and went on board the Lady Penryn to prayers wher Goe. Johnson and Wm. Collins would not let me Return but detaind me to dinner wher Major Ross dinner and Mr. Johnson the Clergyman and his wife wher Mr. Johnson Baptized one of the convict children -Returned on board with Mr. & Mrs. Johnson wher he read prayers and after Service Baptized the Marines child that was born at Sea which was Named Thomas Russel -Mr. & Mrs. Johnson Stayd Tea with use -I was to have Return on board the Lady Penryn to Tea Majr. Ross Seem to be remarkable kind to me and ask me if I expectd Mrs. C: my beloved Alicia out -I told him I did not he told me he did not know if Mrs. Ross would come out or not Yet -Shall goe on board of the Sirius to Morrow and Wait on the commd. if the Weather will permit every body on board Seemd to Behave themselfs very well while Service was performing which I am very happy off -the Tex on board the Lady Penryn was taking from the 107 Psalm be[gin]ning at the 23 Vers They that go down to the Sea in Ships and occupy their business in great Waters -his Sermon on board of use Was taking from the

Munday the 13 The Commondor and Majr. Ross came on board and gave orders to Capt Meridith (that from the bad behavour of the women on board of use and in all the Ships) that Since putting them in irons the[y] thought no punishment -order capt. Meridith to flog them the Same as the Men when the[y] behaved ill which will not be long before Some of them are -when he ask Capt. Meridith below in the cabin if he

Transcript of a262058

would try the women that wair in irons once more and if the[y] behaved ill to flog them which Capt. M: had no objections -Soon after the comd. went Capt. M: order Elizh. Barbor, Elizh. Dudgeon, Elizh. Pully and Elizh. Thackery four convict women out of irons and also Wm. McNamera one of the convict Men

the comd. ask Capt M and Self to dine with him to day -drest and went at half after one with Capt. Meridith on board the Comd. to dinner -Satt down to dinner with the Comd. Majr. Ross, Capt. Hunter, Capt. Collings, Capt. Meridith, Lieut King, Lieut Maxwell, Mr. Miller the comd. Sectary and Self and had a very good dinner -we Staid Tea then Capt. M: and Self Went on board the Scarsborough to the See the Lads ther Wher Soon after Arundell came also on board -there we Staid late and Arundell got tipsey which thank god I have not been (except on my Wedding day a little) Since I left my beloved Alicia

Tuesday the 14

Capt. M: and Faddy the doctor went on Shore Soon after Break fast I ask the Portaguese officer that is in the Guard Boat to Break fast with he came on board and drunk only one dish of Tea -he can neather Speak English or French So we could not converse with one or the other but Satt like posts -order came on board /for which See the orderly book to this date/ Balmain Surgeon of the Alexander and Sharp the Lieut of Marines came on board to See Me and Staid Supper

Wednessday the 15 Faddy went on board the Scarborough According to the orders of Yesterday from whence he after Wards went on Shore to the town as did the doctor and Capt. Meridith -dreamt of Seeing my dear Tender Alicia

Transcript of a262059

at Mr. Kempster -hope in Christ that ther is nothing the matter with her and our dear Sweet Boy -oh my God the thought makes me the most Unhappy of Men living I trust in god for the Best and he I hope is my friend

Thursday the 16

I Soon after breakfast went a Shore with Capt. M: and the doctor and Staid all the day -we walk up in the country and cald at Several houses but the[y] could not understand use -we took Some bread and cheese with use which eat under a orange tree and afterward drunk Some lemonade -the doctor and Capt. Meridith got tipsey after Supper -Faddy and Self went to bed directly after Supper wher we left them making a great Noise -Capt Shea and Lieut Davy from the Scarborought to See use -the[y] went away directly after Supper -Saw Majr. Ross, Capt. Camble and Lieut Geoe. Johnstone on Shore and the parsen and his Wife

Friday the 17

Capt M. went in his little boat a fishing he Soon after returnd to dinner -Jo. Johnston from the Alexander came on board to See me and lent him two Vol: of Magazines -I wanted him to Stay dinner but he would not -gave yesterday to one of the convict women all my dirty Linnen to wash -Lieut Long came on board with orders to release Tho. Catherall one of the Corps. whom I confined for neglect of duty and disobedience of order and for the remainder of the orders See the orderly book to this date -a nasty rain day -intend going a shore if it clears up

Transcript of a262060

Saterday the 18 it raind all day Yesterday which prevented me going a Shore as I intended and it is much the Same Weather that we had Yesterday -if it clears up will goe after dinner to See if I can get Some wood to make my a Small chest of drawers -Capt. M: and the doctor gone in Capt. M: little boat a fishing -not very well to day have caught coold and got a little Soreness in my throat -a walk a Shore will I hope take it off -this is very bad weather for my linnens -I hope it will clear up and let them get dry

after dinner Faddy and I went a shore in abay round the Nunnary to See if there wair any to be had but the Surf ran So hight that we wair in great danger of lossing the boat and perhaps Some of use being drownd -if it had not been for the Some portoguese Soldiers that wair on the Beetch that help use to hauld the boat up -I was too much adgitated to think of and how we should get of So that Faddy and Self got non thank God we got off better than I expected and with damage to the boat or the people in her except getting all of use very wett by the Sea breaking over use -Majr. Ross and Lt. Long came on board before I went on Shore to ask what NonComd. officer went on Shore to See the fresh Beef wight -my throat very Sore the doctor order me Some bark which I took a glass off before I went to bed

Sunday the 19 intended to have gone on board the Scarborough to prayers but all the boats wair from the Ship before I was drest -Capt. M: and the doctor went on Shore -Lieut Pouldon cald on board to See me but would not Stay dinner -Mr. White came on board with him to Arundell -Since I am disapointd of going on board the Scarborought will read the morning prayers and the Spalms for the day -about 3 oClock went on Shore with Capt. M: and the doctor -cald at the French mans that one the other Side of the harbour -eat a few oranges -it was late before we came on board -think my throat is better to day

Transcript of a262061

Munday the 20 the doctor and Capt. M: went on Shore Soon after break fast to the Town and I went on Shore by my Self one the other side of the harbour to collect Butterflys wher I caught a great number of beautiful one for my dear Belovd woman -I wish that She was here with me now I would give all the World if I had it

at a Gentlemans house wher I went in to rest my Self and ask for a few oranges my Tender beloved Alicias pictor Swung out of my Bosom When one of the Ladys ask me what it was and beg of me to let her See it which I did on her fathers promise that She Should return it me again -on me opening the case wher all my Treauser that I have her with me was She Said that it was impossible that ther could be so much beauty on earth -I told them that my betsey was much more So than the[y] had done her in the picter -I was glade when it was Save in its little bag again for my heart flutter all the while that it was out of my hands -lick a little Birds when the Scool Boys is handling its Young -ther wair three Young Ladys in the House that I saw none of them so handsom as my dear adorable Alicia and like the Generalty of the Women her of a Mollotue coullour -the[y] Wair all unVaild -the[y] behaved remarkable Sival to me and Wanted me to Stay dinner but I would not it was very late before I got on board and was oblige then to beg a passage in one of Store Ships boats as our boat did not come on untill it was very late -the[y] had just Sent her a way for me a little before I came on board -I was very Glade I got off as I did for the portiguese think nothing of killing a man here no more than the[y] doe a dog in England -Capt. M and the doctor kept it up again last night

Tuesday the 21 Lt. Long came on board to See if any of use wish to goe a Shore to the Viz Roys to pay our Respects to him with the Governour and Mjr. Ross it being the Prince of Brazill (the king of Portigals oldest Sons) Birth day -Faddy and my Self declining going -Capt. M: went wher he maid his bow

Transcript of a262062

got all most all my linnin irond to day -gave the remainder to wash -I am Sorry to See Capt. M. and Mr. F not on good terms for it is very disagreable for them and to See them not agree but I think Mr. F in the falt but he is to ack as he thinks proper -I hope I will Quarl with non of them -Capt. Shea and Kellow came on board and Faddy went on Shore with them to the Town -Mr. Arundell and Self went on board of the Scarborough to See the doctor and Tom davy wher we Staid Tea -the Capt. and Arundell keep it up again after Supper

Wednessday the 22

got early and Breakfast Soon to goe on Shore -went on Shore a little before light with Capt M: and the doctor wher we Staid the whole day -I got a few Butterflys and other Beautiful things for my dear Beloved Alicia my tender life -to morrow is my little Ralphies Birth day when he inters in his third Year -I hope god will give him grace and that he will follow the Steps of his Virtious mother -god Bless and preserve her -Keep her and our dear Sweet Boy in health and happiness is the most Sinceer prayer of my dear Beloved Betseys Fond husband and my dear tender engagin Boys father will goe and drink a glass of Lemonnade and Drink Both ther health and goe to Bed So God Bless them and I wish them a good night

Thursday Morning the 23

Returnd thanks to god for given me this day 2 Years my Beautifull and dear Beloved Son and preserving his good and most Virtious Mother -god Send his mother and him manney happy Returns of this day -what would I give to be now with them but I hope god well Bless them -went on Board H.M:S Sirius to dine with Long wher I also Staid Tea and he wanted me to Stay Supper which I Refused on Account that I wish to come on board to drink my Ralphies and my Betseys -god out of his great goodness Bless them their health is a boul of Punch So good night as I shall not

Transcript of a262063

be able to write more as it will be late before we break to night as I will make my Mess mates drunk if I can as I don't drink any thing but Lemonnade -So god protect my much adorable and Beloved and most Sinceer Alicia and Son -Capt. M: went on Shore to the Town in his little boat to See if he could get me a little fish for Supper but he could get none

Friday the 24

Keep the night up pretty well -Capt. M: and Mr. F wair pretty well in for it -the doctor would not drink on Account that Sarah Mc Cormick the Woman that was So ill before was again taking bad and that he did not exspect her to live untill morning -doe what he will She cannot remain long in this World for She is nothing but a Mess of corruption eat up with the pox -Capt. M: went a Shore in his little boat and Staid all day -the doctor and Self went a Shore after dinner and Staid untill evening then went on board Alexander wher we staid untill eight oClock and eat a little ham and drank a little wine and water -Capt. M: keept it up again -in my oppinion he is doing very wrong -thank God I have not been but only twise Since I left my beloved betsey and then I was but very little -the doctor and Self went on Shore after dinner for a Walk and afterwards went on board the Alexander wher we staid untill 8 oClock

Saterday 25

Capt M. and Mr. F. went on Shore and staid all day -the doctor went on Shore to fetch two people to dinner, one a Frenchman, the other a portague -Mr. Consident Surgeon of the Scarborough Came on board ask him to Stay dinner which he did

Sunday the 26 went on Shore after dinner with Capt. M: and got a Some cotton pods and bought Some Bananahs for my Self

Munday the 27 Capt. M: went on Shore with Capt. Shea -went on board the Scarborough with Arundell and lent Mr. Consident 5 lb of Soap untill he gets to the Cape of Good Hope -Mr. Consident came on board -Arundel and Faddy went on Shore with him.

Transcript of a262064

Tuesday the 28 Capt. M: and Mr. F and the doctor went on Shore befor Eight oClock this morning and Staid all day -Capt Shea and davy came on board to take me on board to dinner with them -could not goe -Nobody been on board but my self was employ all day in writting to my dear Tender Beloved Betsey -Shall [do so] again to morrow god Bless her -I wonder what has made me dream for these Serevel night past a bout Majr. Lidsay -dreamt of being home and at Kempsters

Wednessday the 29

wrot all most the Best part of this day to my lovely wife after going on board the Charlott with Capt M: to a court Martial of James Baker a Privat Marine

Thursday the 30

intended to have gone on Shore in the afternoon with Capt Mer. but it raind all day -Balmain came on board after dinner and Staid Tea and Supper with use -Capt. M got very much in for it as did Mr. Faddy and the doctor -the[y] may goe on it will not last long

Friday the 31

went on board of the commondore to Majr. Ross to enquir for what reason the commodor meant to open my letter which I intended to Send home to my Beloved Alicia -Majr. Ross was Quit Surprised What I told him and ask me wher I got my information -I told him from Mr. Faddy who had it from the Surgeon general -the Majr. told the Commodor was not on board now but that he would acquaint him with it and desired Mr. F and the doctor to Stay on board -was Sent for after dinner With Mr. F and the doctor to come on board the Sirius -went and ther the[y] Related the Same as the[y] had to me which made me make Such an enquiry of Majr. Ross before the Surgeon General which he Said had but he ment it only in Jock -the comr. was very angry with him for Saying So and by me not to think that he had ever Said So for that never Such an ungenerous thought had ever come in to his thoughts

Saterday Sept. the 1st. finishd my letter to my Betsey and Kempster and Reynold -thank god ther is a conveyance to Send them -hope that the[y] will come Save -oh my Alicia I hope you will get yours

Transcript of a262065

save
Sunday the 2d. did not Sail as was exspected -Sat down a wrot a few lines more to my Alicia my Love my wife -god Bless her and my Son -Capt. M and the doctor went on Shore this morning and did not Return untill late in the Evening -Faddy has been very bad all night and all day -doctor Johnson came on board in the afternoon and Read prayers and gave use a very good Sermon -went on board the Scarborough to See Shea was very ill but found that he had gone on Shore against all advice -found ther Creswell and J Johnston and the Same thing -Sent my letters on board the Sirius

Monday 3 went on Shore early in the morning with T Davey, Creswell and Consident wher we Staid all day wher I bought tuo Bunches of Bananas for my Self and 16 cabages for the mess -Brought on board Several Young orange Trees coffy and Bananas to carry to botany bay -caught a few Butterflys for my Betsey -dined on board the Scarsborough then Returned on board wher I found the doctor and faddy in bed who is much the Same -Capt. M went on Shore after dinner wher he Staid late

Tuesday the 4 got under way and Stod out of the harbour with the whol fleet -the fort Saluted the Comd. with which he Returned with 21 Guns -a large Ship standing in to Rio Janeiro -very little wind

Wednessday the 5 Still very little wind -a little Sea Sick -Capt M. and the doctor had Some words a bout Some wood -the doctor told the Capt. that he did not behave like a Gentleman on which the Capt. Struck him

Transcript of a262066

which the doctor did not Return -I order them both to be Quit or I would confin them both So ther the matter Stands -have Seen two friend fals out a bout a Small pice of Wood -So ends Wednessday night

Thursday the 6 a good Breeze all night -dreamt of being Returned home from Botany bay and that I had march the party into Barracks (I wish to god it was trew) wher I thought I Saw Kempster in his office wher he Said that he was Just writing a letter to me -I hope to have one from him when I come at the Cape -I wish that I could bring the Doctor and Meredith to be good friends again -Latte. ob in to day

Friday the 7 a good Breeze all night -dreamt of Seing my Betsey my Beloved Alicia in her faverout gown and a New Gaunce cap on, also of being with Mr. Hartwell for money but did not get any -I hope ther is nothing the matter with her or my dear Son -Latte. 25:40

Saterday the 8 very much frightend in the night by the Ships being taking al a back in a very hard Squal of wind and rain -it raind all night and lightend very hard -dreamt of being at home and that I was Engaged to dine on Monday with Kemp. at Bedlakes -I trust in god that ther is nothing the matter with my dear alicia or Son for I have often herd her Say that dreaming of Meat was a Sing of Sickness -I hope in christ it is not So -I am very happy that I have made Capt. M: and Mr. A:good friends again to day -all the fleet in company -Latte. to day no observation -So ends Saterday Night

Sunday the 9 dreamt of being in holland and I thought that Mrs. Hanse and I wair eating Greaps and that She order me to take a hors and Ride Exspress to Some place -perhaps She is dead and has left me some thing Worth -I hope She has then how happy will my Betsey be very happy I know indeed

Transcript of a262067

all the fleet in company but the most of them a great way a Stairn -the[y] made the Signal at 8 oClock this morning (a Red flag at the Mizen Peak) for the Ships a Stairn to make more Sail -Latte. ob in to day 26. South -the convict women Read prayer and Sang Spalms to themself -I Read the prayers of the day and Spalms for the day -was taking very bad at dinner with the tooth ack and Still very ill with it -the Comr. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the fore Top G. M:head) for the fleet to close -So ends Sunday Evening

Munday the 10 was very ill all night with the tooth ack -dream Some thing a bout Aunt Hawkings but what I dont reollect -thank God the pain of my tooth is gone but will have it out when I come at the Cape by Mr. Consident Since our doctor has no instrument for it -at after 5 in the Evening the Comr. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the F.T.G M) for the fleet to close he a great way to Leward -Saw a great [number?] of Birds cald albetrosses -Latte. in to day 25..58 -the Comr. made the Signal (a English Jack at the FT:G:M Head) to the fleet to Tack

Tuesday the 11 blow very hard in the night and dose Still with a great Sea -got no sleep all night bein Slung to low -was obliged to get out and lay on the deck -the comd. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the F:T:G:M:H) for the fleet to close -Latte. in to day 27:5 South -Sick on board 1 Seaman, 3 men Convicts and 3 women dito but none very bad the children mostly ill only Sea Sick -dreamt that I was going to dance with Mrs. Faddy -I hope that She is living for her husband and Young family -Still blows hard with a great Sea -So end this day

Wednessday the 12 Sleep much better than the night before -had my own cott Slung -dreamt of going on board to the Rev Mr. Johnson but could not See him also that a great many came on board a Ship in homage to dine with me I thought Munday, Kempster and a great many more then I thought that I was walking with my Betsey from Efford to BulklandTown and that it raind very hard all the way Mary Ann and Jemaima wair with use -I hope in Christ that my beloved Betsey and Son are well

Transcript of a262068

I wish to God that I could heer from her and that She mentioned that that She and Ralphe wair Both well then I should be as happy as my absents from them would admitt -god out of his great goodness Bless them both, dear Beautiful pair how much I dearly love You both -god only knows how much I doe -It [blew hard] all night and still blows very hard with a great Sea running with at times Shours of rain -all the fleet in company -Latte. obs. in to day 28:42: South -Sick the Same as Yesterday getting all well fast as the[y] well can -So ends Wednesday Evening

Thursday the 13 blowd hard all night with a great Sea but thank god the wind is fair raind all most all this day and the Ship rouls very much -had no observation to day -all the Ship in company -the Sick the Same a Yesterday -gave william an old red Jackatt been gone so bad that I could not wear it any more -it Still blows hard -So end this day F

riday the 14 sleep better last night than any night Since we left Rio de Janario -very little wind all day -all the fleet in Sight but the Lady Penryn a great way a Stairn -dreamt of Quarling with Mr. Bexly -observation to day 30:30 South -come I hope we will be at the cape in 14 or 18 days wher I hope to find a letter from my Beloved Alicia god grant that I may -Water Issued out to day for all hands on board 133 Gallons and one Quart -gave Mrs. Young one of the Sergt. wives Some Tea She having non -So ends this Evening

Saterday the 15 very little all night -the doctor was cald up twice to goe to people that wair taking ill but the[y] are Both got well again -all the fleet in company -the comr. made the agents Signal to speak him -the comr. made the Signal (a French Jack at the Mizen Peak) to the fleet to come in the Weak of the Sirius -the agent made the Signal at 11 oClock (a Yellow Flag at the Main Top G.M H) for all masters -hoisted out our Jolly Boat and the Master went on board the Fisbourn the agent Ship and Soon after returnd to See what quantity of rice ther was on board which was the purpose of the Signal -the Master went on board to the agent again to inform him and return a little before 12 oClock and informd me that the master of the Lady Penryn informd him that Capt. Campble was a little better -hoisted the Boat in and made Sial after Sirius -Latte. in to day 30:27S -the Sirius Boatcame on board after dinner with orders to Capt M: for which See the

Transcript of a262069

Book -the Master of the Ship killed a large hogg and Sent use the Loyn -calm allmost all day -So ends this day -the comr. md. the Sigl. to See the Longd. being too far of could not See what it was -

Sunday the 16 Sat up untill 2 oClock this morning Singing and drinking Capt M: Mr. F: and the doctor got a little in for it with drinking Punch -I drank nothing but Lemonnade -Sleep but very little -got up early and after Returning thanks to god kist my beloved alicias pictour and looks at it I being Sure took the Ribon from of my neck it being a little worn made it more Save than it was -read the morning Service and Spalm for the day -put clean sheets in my bed -hope that I will Sleep well to night -I wish that my betsey was going to Sleep with -how dearly I would hugg and kiss her dear Sweet Woman god Bless and preserve her is my most Sinceer wish as that of my tender Boy -I think that I See him troting over the parade and william after him -dr. heavenly Boy Bless him and his good mother -Latte. in to day 30:49 S -So ends this day

Munday the 17 was very ill all night with the Tooth ackt got no sleep with the pain -a very fine Breeze and the wind fair -Sat down and wrote the different order in my orderly Book that have been Issued out Since the 2 of Last month -Latte. in to day 31: South -that are this day on board 1 Seaman and three Women convicts and the[y] are getting well as fast as possible -So ends this day

Tuesday the 18 it raind very hard all last night with a strong wind but fair -dreamt of being with my Alicia and also of Seing Reynolds but what it was I dont recollect -the fleet all in company but Several of the Ships a great Way a stairn -it rains very hard -the comr. made the Signal (a red flag at the Mizen Peak) for the Strenmost Ship to make more Sail -the Supply repeated the Signal -at 11 oClock the Supply repeated the Signal again with a Gun -it been very thick and rainy had no observation to day but went 140 miles Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day at the Same hour -So end this day

Wednessday the 19 dreamt last night of being home with my betsey and thought that Reynolds, Billy white wair to dine with me and a great many more -I hope in christ that there is nothing the matter with my beloved or Son for my Alicia has often Said that dreaming of meat was a Sign of SicknessI hope it is not So -a great Sea a good Stiff Breze -all the fleet in company -the Charlott hove all a back to day -I hope that nobody has fallen over board -the Weather been thick and with Small rain could have no observation to day -only three Women and one Seaman Sick -the [sea] Brock in the Ship this afternoon & wetted Several of the People Particular the Convict women as it went down ther place

Transcript of a262070

Thursday the 20 Still exceedingly cold -a great Sea and a fresh of wind all night -at nine this morning the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to close (a Blue flag at the M:TG:MH) all the Ship in Sight -the Lady Penrhyn a great way a Stairn -Latte. in to day by observation 31:48 South -was Exceedingly cold all night must put the under Blanket a top to night -the Sick the Same as before -So ends this day

Friday the 21 dreamt of Several thing and cryd very much in my Sleep on account I thought that two men had taking my belovd Alicia a Way -oh that I only could heer from her -how happy it would make me to be informed that She and my Son are well -a fine Breeze not so cold as it was yesterday and has been for these Several days past -the comr. tack Ship about 11 oClock last night is come a gainst use a foull as it can blow -this day a bout 5 oClock the Sun crosses the line and comes in this part of the World -I hope we will have no blowing Weather as in General there is when the Sun get in the Northward Quarter and Returns the Southward Quarter of the world -Latte. in to day by observation 31:56 South -all the Ship in company .

Saterday the 22d was much disturb in my Sleep by dreaming that my Betsey was dead and Buired -oh my God how I wish to Know how my beloved is -I also thought that my Betsey and Self Wair at Aunt Hawkings and that Aunt was very Angry with with my Alicia for dirtying her house -I hope ther is nothing the matter with her or family good Woman -the comr. Tack Shipt last night once at 10 and the other at 11 oClock a good Breeze and a little more fair than Yesterday -all the Ship in company -the Comr. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the F:T:G: M:H:) for the Ships to get in to ther Stactions -Latte obs. to day 32:59 South -the Sick the Same a Yesterday -one of the Convict Carpenters made me a little Book -blows now very hard.

Sunday the 23th the doctor, Capt. M and Mr. Faddy keep it up last night -I went Bed directly after Supper -could get no Sleep with dreaming about my dear and tender Beloved Alicia -I thought that I Saw her in her old Black Silk gown and close up in a Room in the Barracks and that my lovely Woman had been crying -She Said to my She thought that I had been gone -I gave her a Kiss although in Sleep it appeard to be a dear Sweet Kiss -god out his great goodness grant that ther may be nothing the matter with her or my dear Son -also dreamt that Mr. Faddy and Self wair order on board the the Princ of Wales in the room of Maxwell and Timins I hope not -it blows very hard much harder than it has Since we have Been at Sea -the Sea Brock over use Several Times to day -had no observation -although it blows so

Transcript of a262071

hard the wind is fair which is one good thing -dined with Capt. Walten to day on roasted Pig -made a most harty dinner -it Still blows hard and I am affraid that it will blow harder -this is the Equinoctial gale -read the Service for the day and the Spalms and kist my Beautifull Alicias Pictor out of its little Bag this morning ten thousand times it being Sunday -I hope that She is So well as I wish her dear heavenly woman then She wants for nothing -So god Bless her this day and the Grace of God attend her for ever is the most ardent wish for her fond husband Ralph Clark -Battend the hatches down of the Marines and convict women the Sea Breaking over the Ship

Munday the 24 not So much wind as ther was Yesterday but still Blows hard -all the Ships in company -went soon to bed last night as I had but little Sleep the night Before from the noise the[y] made -Latte. by observation 34:06 South -it blows now very hard 5 in the Evening and the Ship rouls very much

Tuesday the 25 it blowd very hard all night and the Ship rould her Gunwale under Several times and a great dele of water went between decks and washt the marines out of ther beds and the Convict Women all the thing rouling about -thank god that the wind is fair and is going right before it other wise Should be in my bed very Sick perhaps -all the ships in Company -it now Blows very hard and a great dele of hail falls as it did last night -no observation to day -the Sick the Same as before except one convict man more -went Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day noon 133 miles

Wednesday the 26 less wind than we had Yesterday and the Sea gone down very much -all the Ships in company -I wish that this wind may continue for ten days more -I hope that we will be at the cape -it still blowspretty fresh at times with Shours of rain and hail -Latte. in to day by observation 34:22 South -the Wether begines to grow more warm again -went by the Log Since Yesterday and having no more than our two top Sails close furld went in the 24 hours 183 miles -not bad going -I like our little Barcky very much would not change for any one in the fleet

Thursday the 27 Still a great Sea and wind but still fair -one of the marines fell down on the deck with the Ship rolling and hurt him self very much -Latte. in to day 34:22 South -went Since Yesterday by the Log 137 m -all the Ships in company and very well up -So ends this day

Friday the 28 it blow very hard in the night -dreamt of being with my beloved Alicia but dont Recollect wher or what it was about -dreamt also of being with Kempster and I thought that I took him in my

Transcript of a262072

Arms and kist him -Munday and Reynolds was with him -I soon after Waked -oh that I could heer from my tender Alicia I would be much more content than I am and her that She and my Boy are well -I never since I was born long so much for any thing as I do for a letter from my dear Betsey -it blows still very hard and a great Sea but thank God the wind is fair -had no obervation to day -the Weather been thick but went Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day dito 188 miles -not bad going -five days more such will carry use to the Cape -the Doctor and F: and Capt. M: kept it up last night

Saterday the 29 the doctor was cald up to see one of the Convict womens children which was very ill and has been almost ever Since it has been on board -it depart this life at 2 oClock this morning poor thing it is much better out of this World than in it -the wind came round from the S:W: to the S:E: and blow very hard in the night which it dose at present -the S:E: is the worst wind that can blow for use -all the fleet in Sight but all a great way to Leward except the Sirius, little Brig Scarborought and Self -the comr. made the Signall at 8 this morning for the fleet to close /a Blue Flag at the F T: G M.H/ at after 9 committed the Body of Thomas Mason to the deep -Henry Lovall one of the convicts read prayers over it

it now /11 oClock/ blows very hard and a very great Sea running which often breaks over the Ship -dreamt again last night of Kempster -hope there is nothing the matter with him -I thought that him and I wair walking that we came to a mill where I lost him -I should be very Sorry if any thing should goe wrong with him or his family -had no observation this day -a great number of Albetrosses, pintarneys and other Birds a bout the ship also a great number of porpusous -Capt. Walton kild his Bore this afternoon and sent use a Loin of it -I never lived so poor in my life as we doe at this time -nothing every day except Salt Beef or Salt Pork -thank God we have got Some Rice in the mess otherwise I would Starve for I dont like Salt pork and Beef every day -So ends Saterday Evening

Sunday the 30 ther was very little wind all night and it is now quit calm -all the Ship in Sight but the[y] are very much Scattered -this being Sunday kist my dear Beloved Alicia pictour out of its prison -God Bless her Sweet woman and my dear heavenly Boy -I hope that he will grow after his Lovely mother -read the prayers and Spalms and lesson for the day -Latte. in to day 33:45 South -Sick on board only one Seaman and who will be well in the course of 3 or four days -how good the Lord has been to use to keep use So healthy as we have been

Transcript of a262073

at 1 oClock the comr. made the Signal for to come and See the Longatude /a whit pendent at the Ensing Staf/ the Longd. was 3:4 -Soon after he made the Signal for the fleet to close (a Blue flag at the F:T:G: M H) at after one he made the Signal for the fleet to make more Sail /a red and white flag at the M:T:G:M:H:/ Soon after he made the Fisbourn and Charlots Signal to make more Sail the Charlots (a whit pendent at the M:T:M H) and the Fisbourns a red at the F T:MH -a little Breez has sprung up Since noon from the N:E: -I wish ther was more of it

Capt. Meridith lost his dog Shot over board last night -This is now the 5th. dog that has been lost over board Since we left England -Capt. M 3 Mr. Faddy one and my Self one -we have been very unluckly with our dogs -thank god that ther is a very fine Breeze again and fair -So ends this day of the Lords

Munday October the 1st.

went to bed last night at 9 oClock but could not get any Sleep for Capt. M: and the doctor Sat up untill past 1 oClock in the morning drinking and was Exceedingly hurt for the[y] keep Signing althoug it was the Lords day which was very wrong of them -they would not let Faddy and self Sleep because we would Sit up with them and make a Noise and break the Lords day like the[y] -this bein October I hope as we have a fair wind that we will be at the Cape in the course of a few day -the comd. make the Boroughdales Signal to keep near him he being a great way to Windward of him -it is a very fine morningand Blows a good Stiff Breeze -we goe 7 knots a hour -all the fleet in Sight -at bout ten oClock it came on a havey Squal of Rain and brought the wind on the Stabord Quarter which is still a very fair wind for use but ther is not So much of it as ther was a few hours agoe -no obsert. to day -have got a very great cold in my head .

Tuesday the 2d went to bed last night very bad with the cold and pain in my head and in all my bonses -Still very bad with pains all over my body and head -this is a very fine day but little wind and that little ther is of it is fair thank God -I wish that I was better -hope to get a good sweat to night and that I trust will carry it off -Latte. in to day by observation 33.8 South -nobody Sick on board Except my self and the Seaman that has been So Long ill before -hope we will both get better with the Blessing of god in a few days -dreamt being at the Island of Whight eating appels -I wish to god that I had some -if I was at home with my tender dear heavenly Beloved Alicia She would give me some dear Soul -I wish that I know how She was I would

Transcript of a262074

be soon a great dele Better -how happy I shall be when I Recieve a letter from her hand -I will kiss and press it to my poor Breast -I shall be much disapointed if I dont Recieve a letter from her at the Cape -I wish that we had got ther -a calm the latter part of this day

Wednesday the 3 thank God I am to day a great dele better than I was Yesterday -dreamt of Kempster and also of my Beloved Alicia -I thought that I Saw her and my dear little Boy also old Nonny then again I thought that my Alicia and I Wair at the Crab Tree Turnpike house with Some others and my Betsey Was making Tea and I was Standing by her and She told me that I had been letting a pup pu -dear Sweet Soul how I long to Know how She is for I am affraid that ther is Some thing the matter with her or my Beloved from the dreams but I must now hope in God that ther is not -little wind all this last night and this day -had no observation -all the Ships in company

two of the convict Women that went throu the Bulk head to the Seamen on the 3 of July last have inform the doctor that they are with child (Sarah McCormick and Elizh. Pully) I hope the comr. will make the two Seamen that are the Fathers of the children marrie them and make them stay at Botany Bay -it has been a very fine Pleasent day -it begins to grow Warmer every day -I wish that we had got to Botany and my three Years out that I might Return to the arms of my tender Betsey -oh my God how much I love her my pen is not able to put on paper

Thursday the 4 very little wind all last night and that little not fair -all the fleet in company -the wind came a little more aft about 12 oClock -had no obersation it raind about 12 -half after Spocke the Scarborough informing use that the[y] wair all well -my cold thank God much better -at Six oClock this Evening the Comr. made the Signal for the fleet close /a Blue Flag at the F:T:GMH:/ So ends this day

Friday the 5 all last night a calm with hard rain -dreamt again of being home and that I Saw my dr Boy -hope he is well -a nasty day Small rain with a thick fog -cannot See any of the fleet at this time 12 oClock but the[y] wair all in Sight this morning -had no observation -my cold all most gone -no body Sick on board

Saterday the 6 got but little Sleep last night and did nothing but dream of being with my dear Beloved wife -I thought that I met her and Mrs. Copland in a field walking and thought that my Alicia Said that She would not part from me but would live with me and She gave me a Kiss and Sweet it was although

Transcript of a262075

only in a dream after which we walked for some time and then a weaked -oh my God what it is to love So much as I Sinceerly doe my Betsey Alicia althought it is a happiness it is also gives me much pain but I trust in God that when I Return to her my happiness which I then Shall enjoy in her company will Repay me for the pain that I now Suffer in being absent from her -got up early this morning for I could not Sleep -ther is little wind as ther has been all night much the Same kind of day as Yesterday -all the Squadron in company

about half after ten this morning the Supply haild use and Lieut Ball informd use that we must be very particular Respecting our lights and to hang a curtan in the Cabin windows as the fleet had been led a stray a few nights agoe by the prince of Wales light in the cabin -ask use how we wair on board -he then haild the Scarborought and Repeated the Same to them -Saw Capt. Shea and found him and all the Rest on board Scarborough very well

as I Said on Wednessday the 19 of last month that I was afraid that the Charlot had lost a man over board which She did as we found to day by the Supply -Latte. by observation to day 36–19 South -this wind is driving use father to the Southward than we Wont to goe - 12 oClock the Alexander made the Signal to speak the comr. /a English pendent at the FT:M:H/ the Comr. hoisted out his boat and Sent on board the Alexander and Return with Some Seamen of the Alexander in her whome I Believe wair flog for misbehavour -the Comr. Made the Signal for the fleet to come in the Weak of the Sirius /a Whit flag at the Mizen Peak/ at one oClock the Comr. made the Fisbourns Signal /a whit pendent at the F.T.G.M.H./ at 4 oClock PM. he made the Charlots Signal to get into her Station -at after 5 oClock he made the Charlots Signal to [get] into the Weak of the Sirius both which Signals I dont think Wair Seen on board the Charlot as She did not answer them

the Supply then made Sail and Staid under the Comr. Stairn and then made Sail again I Suppose to Speak the Charlot as she did not answer the Signal -I wish that the wind would come fair for it blows from the very point that we wont to goe /East/ -God Bless my love and our Sweet Plege of Love I wish them a good night -I almost forgot to mention that Elizh. Pugh and Rachel Harley wair put in leg Irons to gether -the former for Quarling and dirtyness and the latter for theft and dirtyness

Sunday the 7 Satt up late last night as the Capt. Mr. F and the doctor keep it up last night -this been Sunday kist my Alicia as usal on this day -a very fine day but little wind and that little not fair -all the Ship in company -read the morning prayer Spalm and lesson for the day -Latte obser. in to day 36:48 South a great way to S:Ward

Transcript of a262076

Munday the 8 dreamt last night much about my Alicia and Mrs. Kempster I hope that they are all well -a fine day with a fair wind but very little of it -Nobody Sick have got Quit free from my cold thank God for it -Latte. obser in to day 36:53 South -all the Ships in company -made a duty roster for the Subt. of the Detachment So that the Adjt. may put me on duty out of my turns -Spoke the Scarborough who informed use that the Charlot was very Sickly and that it was one of the convicts that She lost over board the 19 of last month that the Alexander was very Sickly having 13 Marines Sick -it was two men the Alexander Sent on board the Comr. the Comr. /Seamen/ and that the Lady Penryn was very healthy having only one Sick -Spok to Thos. Davey the[y] are all well been very healthy on board Scarborough thank God that we are so healthy as we are he is very good to use and much we ought to thank him -it gives me very great concern to think that the marines are getting So Sickly our only dependence is on the few that we have to defend use from the convicts and Natives

Tuesday the 9 dreamt last night that I Saw Reynolds in a Boat that he was weaving his hatt to me poor fellow I hope that ther is nothing the matter with him -a very fine day and a fair wind thank God for it -all the Shipsin company -Latte. ob: in to day 36.28S: -I hope if this continous to be at the cape by Saterday then for a letter from my Beloved Alicia Sweet thought -Spoke the Fisburn this this afternoon the[y] wair all well who informed use that the comr. Longt. was 8 odd East

Wednesday the 10 dreamt that I Saw my Beloved Alicia in her Riding habit hope and wish to God that She was here -I did not care if She was in her Shift I would put Breechess and Waiscoat on her -Latte. in to day 35:23 South -went by the Log Since Yesterday noon untill to day dito 145 miles -hope the wind will Stand and in the Same Quarter then we will be at the Cape by Saterday -all the Ships in company

Thursday the 11 dreamt last night of Seing my dear Beloved Alicia again in Bed and I thought that I puld her towards me -dreamt also that I thought that I was at Musselburgh and that the General Gave me a letter from Some Body which he Received inclosed in one that he Received and it mentioned 20 Guineas -I Suppose it is Sir Wm. Forbes -I wish to God that that was paid and a great many other then I should be much happier than I am or would be my Beloved dear Beloved -all the Ships in company -Latt observd to day 34:52 South -at one oClock

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the Comr. made the Signal for to See the Longatude which was 15:40 East which if we have any luck we shall See the Cape to morrow being only 106 miles from it -the doctor mett with a great lost this afternoon one of the convict women whome he gave Some thing to wash for him Said that She lost Seven pair of Stocking over board but I am apt to think that the[y] are not over board but that Some of the other Women have Stole them which is my oppinion for ther wair never a greater number of D….d B……s in one place as ther is in this Ship -if the[y] wair to loose any thing of mine that I gave them to wash I would cut them to pices

the Comr. made the Supply's Signal to come within hail at after 3 oClock She went a head I Suppose to make the land -Elizh. Pugh who was put in irons the 6 of this month with Rachell Harley for Quarling and dirtyness the doctor reported her very ill and wished her to be put out of Irons untill She has got better -She was Accordingly put out but the Chain still remain one the other -So ends this day

Friday the 12 dreamt of being with Mrs. Hume all night -let her pay the Same to Sir Wm. Forbes and Remitt the Remaindr of the money She detains from me to my Alicia which She ought to doe -all the Ships in company -the Prince of Wales a great Way to L:Ward -I am affraidthat we Shall not See the land to day much more get to ane Anchor as the wind is come Quite against use - after 11 oClock the Comr. made the Prince of Wales Signal to Tack and come into the fleet -Latte. obs. to day 34:26 South

at 1 P:M: the Comr. made a Signal (a Blue Flag with a white cross at the Mizen Peak) which Was Answerd by the Supply and She Soon after made Sail and went a head which I Suppose was for that purpose -at 5 P:M the Comr. made the Signal for the fleet to close -the Supply a great Way a head -a very Beautiful Evening -a after Six the Comr. made again the Signal for the the Ships to close which was on Account of the Boroughdales going too fare a head -I hope we will get into Harbour to morrow for I long to See if ther is any letter at the Cape for me from my Alicia whome I wish and our dear little Boy a good night and God Bless them -So ends this day

Saterday the 13 dreamt of Adjt. Martine being Blooded and dead -all the Ships in company, the Supply Brig a great Way a head -a bout Seven oclock

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the Supply made the Signal for Seeing the Land /hoisting her Ensing/ a bout 10 oClock Saw the Land on both Bows at one oclock Saw the land very plain which is very Hight land -at 3 oClock Keep running a long shore at about the distance of Six miles from the Shore -the comr. a great way a head -the land very hight on the top of the Sugar loaf a flag flying and at the distance of Six mils from the Sugar loaf a nother flag which I Believe to be Signals to the Governour -came to ane Anchor at half past 3 oclock and found riding heer one Dutch Sloop of War, Dutch Eastindiaman 1 and two French Eastindiamen -the Town appear very pretty from wher we lay but very little wood and the hills very hight

Sunday the 14 got up early -this being Sunday Kist my dear Alicia pictour out of the case -Lieut Long and Fuzer came on board with order book -once the comr. Sectary came onboard also had a [Search] for the doctors Stocking a monst the convict women but could not find them -Lieut Kellow came onboard to See use but did not See him being bellow looking amonst the women for the doctors Stockings when he was on board -the Signal was hoisted for the Boats to goe on Shore if they please -the comr. Saluted this morning the and with Guns which it Returnd with Guns

went on board the Scarborought with Mr. Faddy to have my tooth drawn but could not ther being a great dele of company on board there -Staid very late Mr. F got very much in licour then came on board wher he begane to abuse me in a very Publick manner to Capt. Meridith as ane officer and Gentleman for which I have wrot a letter on Service to Capt. M: beggin of him to apply for a General court Martial on me to investigate wher in I have acted in any manner unbecoming the character of the officer and Gentleman for which See the letter Book, Sunday 12 oClock at night

Munday the 15 gave the letter to Capt. M: which I wrot last night which he Said he would carry to on board to Major Ross but Major Ross coming on board he gave it him heer then told me that he could not give one order

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for a General Court Martial but wished that we would Setteled it amonst our Selfes which I told him I could not think off -he then Said that if I wished he would order Some Gentlemen to inquir into the grounds of my letter and that I might name them also if I wishs it -I told him I did not wish that Lt. Fuzer came on board with him -a large Dutch ship came in last night -it raind and Blow Very hard last night -I am Sorry to find that ther has been no Ship heer from England Since April last So that I am much disapointed in not finding a letter heer from my dear Alicia -wrot a letter on Service to Lieut & Adjt. Long for which See the letter Book

Mr. Consident came on board after dinner to drink Tea with use -Mr. Faddy is very Sick after his lasts nights behavour -he thinks to make me believe that he did not know what he Said but I am not to be put on that way -I went on board the Alexander after Tea to Speak to Lieut John Johnstone but he was not on board found only Shearp, Balmain and Lieut Maxwell of the Sirius -Capt. Shea and Lieut Kellow came on board and Staid a few moment with use then went on Shore

Tuesday the 16 Capt. Meridith went on Shore this morning to Breakfast with the Commadore and Mr. F -went on board the Scarborought soon after Breakfast -thank God that I have got my wish that I am to remain in Capt. Meridiths company with Lieuts. Davey and Timins but cannot tell as Yet with whome I shall be in a Markee in Short I dont much carre with whome it is with I shall make my self as happy as I possible can from my dear wife and Son -Mr. F came on board and Soon after asked me leave to goe out of the Ship again which I did not Refuse him -he went out to dinner -Lieut J: Johnstone came on board to See me he Staid dinner with me as did Capt. M who returnd from the Shore who informed me that Majr. Ross had told him to inform me that the officers would Assemble on board this Ship to morrow Morning at ten oClock to enquir into my letter to Capt. Meridith -the Fort Saluted the Dutch Sloop of war with 15 Guns who Returnd the Salute with the same number of Guns -She got under Way and Saild for Batavia

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for a General Court Martial but wishd that we would Setteld it amonst our Selves which I told him I could not think off -he then Said that if I wished he would order So manny Gentlemen to enquir into the Grounds of my letter and that I might name them also -I told him I did not wish that Lieut Fuzer come on board with him -a large Dutch Ship came in last night -it raind and Blow very hard last night -I am Sorry to find that there has been no Ship heer from England Since April last So that I am much dispointed in not finding a letter heer from my Dear Alicia -wrot a letter on Service to Lt & Adjt. Long for which See the letter Book -Mr. Consident came on board after dinner to drinke tea with use -Mr. Faddy is very Sick after his last nights bout -went on board the Alexander after tea to Speak to Lieut John Johnstone but he was not on board -found only Sharp Balmain and Lieut Maxwell of the Sirius -Capt. Shea and Lt. Kellow came on board and Staid a few moment with use then went on Shore

Tuesday the 16

Capt. Merideth went on Shore this morning to Breackfast with the Commadore and Mr. F went on board the Scarborough Soon after breakfast -I have got my wish to find that I am appointed to Capt. Meridiths company with Lieuts. Davey and Timmins but Cannot tell as Yet with whome I shall be in a Markee in Short I dont much carre whoe it is with, I shall make my Self as happy as possible -Mr. F came on board and Soon after went again on board the Scarborough to dinner -Lieut J Johnstone came on board to See me he Staid dinner -Capt. M came on board to dinner and informed that Major Ross had told him to inform me that the officers would Assemble on board this Ship to morrow morning at ten oClock to enquir into my letter to

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Capt. Meridith -the fort Saluted the Dutch Sloop of War with 15 Guns Who Saild for this to Batavia -She Returned the Salute with the Same Number

Wednesday the 17 Major Ross, Capt. Shea, Capt Tentch, 1st. Lieut Goe. Johnstone, 1st. Lieut Creswell, 1st. Lieut Kellow, 1st. Lieut Pouldon and 2d. Lieut and Adjt. Long came on board by ten oClock -Major Ross cald use all dont in the cabin Capt. Meridith and Mr. Faddy also and told use that he had cald the officers that wair now on board to enquir into the Grounds of my letter to Capt. Meridith of the 15 instant but he wish that I would have it inquird into in a Publick manner for if he was he would be obliged to Send it home to the Admlty. but wish that I wouldgive up a point and lett those Gentlemen whom he had order heer to determine the matter and the[y] would doe use both Justice and if the[y] thought that if it was necessary for a father inquire the[y] would report the Same to him -I at last agreed that I would upon my honour abyed by ther determination on which the whole of use went on deck except the under mentioned Gentlemen Capt. Lieut Tentch, 1st. Lts. Goe. Johnstone, Creswell, Kellow and Pouldon -the[y] cald Capt. Meridith to relate to them the exspersions that Mr. F had made use to me -we wair Soon after cald in when Capt. Tentch read the oppinion of the court that Mr. F Should acknowlege that he had made use of words to Lieut Ralph Clark very much to the

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Thursday the 18 went on Shore with Capt. Meridith and the doctor Soon after nine oClock and cald at the Coms. Lodgins wher he ask use to dine with him which we did -we then walkt about the Town and in the Dutch Govenours Gardin -I then parted with Capt M. and the doctor and went and cald on Coll Gordon but he was not at home -I Soon after Saw 1st. Lieut J Johnstone, Wm. Collings, Balmain, consident and the Mr. White who informed me that the[y] had been trying to get Some money but could not With whome I walkt untill near one and then went to the Comr. wher I found Coll: Gordon who was very happy to See me and Said that he was Sorry that he was not at home when I cald on him but Should be happy to See me any day after this week as all his time was taking up With the Malitia

Sat down to a very good dinner with the comr. Capt. Meridith, Mr. Arundell, Mr. Miller the comr. Sectary Mr. Palmer the old lady of the house with three of her daughters and one Son -had Green Pease Young Potatoes and Straw Berrys -we also Staid tea -the People dress much after the English heer the Women in particular -the most of the Women that I have Seen are very handsome -came on board in the Evening and Soon after went to bed after Sending up my Prayer for the health and welfar of my beloved Alicia and Son

Friday the 19the doctor and Mr. F. went on board the Scarborough to Breackfast and Soon after Returnd with Mr. Davey who came to ask me if I would be in a Tent with him and Mess with him -I told him that I had no objections to be in a tent with in him but that Capt. M and I had agreed to Mess to gether when we get ther and if he had no objections I had non -I went on board the Sirius to Majr. Ross to get Some list that he wants to give me -Saw Majr. Ross who informd me that he had given it to a Some body on Shore and would not trouble me -Soon after return on board and found Mr. F and Davy Return on board the Scarborough -the Dutch Guard Ship Saluted with 5 Guns which a nother Dutch Ship

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Soon after Returned with the Same number of Guns -went with the doctor on board a French Ship to See what the[y] had to Sell and found that the[y] had coffe at 16 dollars a hunder wight Perfumery [etc] [etc] -went on board the Alexander afterwards to See J. Johnstone -Staid Tea then Returned on board wher we found Mr. Consident who Staid Supper with use -Lieut G: Johnstone came on board to See me he also Staid Supper -Mr. F Returned on board about 10 oClock

Saterday the 20 went on board the French Ship Soon after Breakfast with Capt. M: the doctor, Mr. Consident to See the French Captain but did not See him -went on Shore wher we Strold untill 1 oClock when we Return on board to dinner -I ask Lieut Timmins to dine with me which he did -dreamt last night about my dear Alicia hope in God that She and my beloved Son are well -went on board the Alexander with Timmins to See J. Johnstone but could not See from whence went on board the Scarborough wher I Staid Supper -Return on board about 9 oClock -put Elizh. Barbour and Elizh. Dudgeon in Irons (leg ones) for fighting

Sunday the 21st. dreamt again of my dear and most Sinceerly Beloved Alicia -oh what would I give to heer from her -oh that I could but have a few lines from her -this being Sunday kist my tender one pictour as usual on this day -intended to have gone on board the Scarborough to prayers but could not get my Self redy -went on board then a little before dinner to Speak to Mr. Consident and Returned to dinner -Capt. Meridith went a shore after dinner -Major Ross came on board after Tea to Speak to the convicts -So ends this day

Munday the 22d. was taking very ill in the night and have been very ill all this day -the doctor gave me Som Stuff which did me a great dele of good -Mr. Faddy went on board the Charlott according to the orders of Friday the 19 for which See the orderly Book -Capt M went on Shore and Returned to dinner -the doctor went on board the Scarborough to dinner -much better than I was in the morning -Lieut Sharp came on board to See me and Staid Tea

Tuesday the 23 much better than I was Yesterday -the doctor gave me again Some Phisick -it is the Bread that is Served use heer has made me ill -Majr. Ross

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and Lieut Long came on board heer to Speak to the convicts -did not See them -Capt. M and the doctor went a Shore after Breackfast and Staid untill Evening -thank god that I am much better than I was Yesterday -I hope in God that to morrow I will be quit well -Shott a Gull from the Ship this afternoon -the doctor and Capt. M: Returned to Tea -the[y] Said that the[y] had a Pleasent walk and that the[y] wair at a Gentleman house in the country who Said that he know me and desired them to tell me to come on Shore -So ends this night

Wednesday the 24 dreamt last night I was at my Beloved womans Burial -oh my God what a dream -oh that I could but have a letter from my Alicia before that I leave this place to no how She and my Son are -why doe I wish for a thing that is almost impossible it is love dear Sweet passion -thank god I am much better with his Blessing I trust to be quite well in a few days -a very fine day -the Signal house on the Top of the Sugar loaf has made the Signal for a Sail coming in -hope it may be a Ship from England and that She has a letter on board for me from my Alicia my wife my most Sinceer friend then I shall be quit well -the very thought has made me much better than I was before the Signal was made -Mr. F went on board the Scarborough before dinner wher he Staid -oh for the Ship and my letter

Thursday the 25 Mr. F came on board from the Scarborough very drunk last night and he went on Shore very early this morning -the comr., Majr. Ross and Capt. hunter came on board a little after nine to See wher we could put Stocks if the Women and men convicts wair taking out -the[y] Staid about half ane hour and then went a way -Capt. M. and the doctor went on Shore -Soon after Major Ross came a long Side and told me to inform the women convict that the[y] Should be put into another Ship to morrow or Next day and desired me to Send him the Names of those women of the convicts that had children on board -Soon after Sent him the Names for which See the letter Book -Mr. Consident came on board and wanted me to goe on shore

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with him -I am Exceedingly Sorry to find that the Ship that is coming in has hoisted Dutch coulors -ther is no letter from my from my Alicia Bless her and my Boy Sweet Woman and dear little fellow -3 oClock the Ship come to ane anchor with in use from Middleburgh in the province of Zeeland

Friday the 26 Mr. Faddy Staid a shore last and is not come on board Yet -a large Danish Eastindiam came to ane Anchor late last night very near use from chinia -had lost her Mizen Mast and fore Top mast in a hard Gale of wind in April last wher in the[y] Says that they wair very near going down -that the Adml. Hughs, the Brigdwater and Vansetter Eastindiamen Wair with her in the Same Gale -that the[y] Wair all dismasted and She was affraid that the Bridgwater had gone down as the[y] had herd nor Seen any thing of her -that Sevral dutch Ships Wair dismasted at the Same time -The[y] say that the Sea Was coverd with Wrecks and casks -I hope that She is Save -went on board the Alexander with Mr. Arundel Whome I left ther to dinner -on my Return on board found Capt. Shea on board of use with whome I went on board the Scarborough to dinner -I wish I had not for it came on to blow and was very near being drown as the Sea brock over use and fild the boat but thanks god I got on board Save except being a little wet and hurt my knee and hand a little -found Mr. Balmain and Mr. F returnd quit gadded -I should like to knou wher he Slept last night for I don't think he Sleep in a very good house as Kellow did not and he and him Wair together all the while -So ends this day

Saterday the 27 it blows very hard -dreamt last night that I bought a drum for my Beloved Alicia and my Son but I thought She told me that he was dead -I awakend Capt. Meridith with crying in my Sleep -oh my god that I could but only heer from her -what

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would I give dear woman She dose not know how much Sinceerly love her -I am affraid that I Love her too much for my own health but who can help not loving her -She is all goodness and wher is her fellow on earth I would loose my left hand for only a pepe at her and my boy -God Preserve and Bless them both is my ardent wish that it is -Majr. Ross came on board to inform Capt. M to Send the women convicts away to Morrow Viz 4 to the Lady Penryn 4 to the Charlotte and the Remainder 13 to the Prince of Wales for to know the names of them that went on board the different Ships See the Remarks after ther names at the beginning of this Book -went on board Scarborough with the doctor who Staid ther untill 8 oClock this Evening -about after Six oClock Saild from heer a large dutch Ship for Batavia -So ends this [day]

Sunday the 28 dreamt Some thing about Mrs. Hume but what it was I dont Recollect -this being Sunday kist my Alicia as usual on this day -read the lessons prayers and Spalms of the day -about 1 oClock Sent theWomen convicts away as order thank god that the[y] are all out of the Ship -I am very Glad of it for the[y] wair a great Trouble much more So than the [men] -my knee much better than it was Yesterday -hope it will be well to morrow -So ends this day

Munday the 29 went a Shore with Capt. M: and the doctor -the doctor Soon after parted with use -Saw Capt. Campble who informd me that Coll: Gordon desired the favour of my Company to dinner to morrow -told Capt. C: to inform him that I would doe my Self the Pleasure of Waiting on him -Capt. M. and I took a long walk in the country then Return on board to dinner wher we wair inform that Mr. Vallance the 2d. mate of the Ship had about 1 oClock falling over board from the head of the

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Ship wher he had gone to ease himself and was drownd for although three men Jump over board after him the[y] could not Save him for he Soon after Sunk and has not been Seen Since -he was drunk the[y] Say when he fell I am very Sorry for him for I know all his friends near Musseburgh and he was a very good Seaman a much better than we will be able to get heer in his place -Lieut Sharp came on board and drink Tea with me he was a little cutt and that not a little

Tuesday the 30 got up early this morning to write a letter to my Beloved Alicia and one to Mr. Hartwell which I did as Capt. Walton informd use that there was a Ship to Sail to morrow from Sardinia Bay for Europe and that if the[y] wair Sent on board the comr. before 10 oClock he would Send them -I went on board with them mySelf to Majr. Ross who told me he know nothing of it a Ships going but would let me know if ther was -I got very wett in going -Return on board to dress to dine on Shore with Coll: Gordon but it came on to Blow very hard So did not goe -the doctor was cald up early to goe on board the Lady Penrhyn to See one of the convict Women Who got her head fracturd this morning by a graiting falling on her -the doctor went on board the Scarborough wher I believe he must Remain for the whole day if not the night if it continus blowing So hard as it dose at Present -the doctor came on board a little after 7 oClock very much in for it

Wednesday the 31 dreamt Some thing about Mercer of our but dont Recollect what it was -Capt. M. and Mr. F went a Shore with whom I sent a letter to Coll: Gordon for which See the letter Book

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order came on board to Capt. M: for which See the orderly Book -about 10 oClock the doctor went on board the Scarborough from whence he Soon after Returnd -about 12 oClock it came on to blow very hard a after one Some Ships boat over Sett but what Ships I can yet tell or if the are any body lost but I hope not -5 oClock it blows and Rains very hard So that I shall not think of Sending a boat to night for them So that they may as well take up their Quarters on Shore for the night

Thursday November the 1st.

dreamt last night Some thing about Genl. Stuart but what it was I doe not Recollect -Capt. M: and Mr. F and their two Servant was oblige to Sleep on Shore last [night] which will take a few pence out of their pockets for I never was in So dear a place in all the course of my Life -Majr. Ross came on board and Staid a few moment -Mr. Consident came on board who with our Doctor went Soon after on Shore -a Signal on the hill is out for a Sail -hope it is a Ship from England and that I may have a letter by her -a bout one oclock Saw the Sail coming round the point a Brig and by the coulours that She has up one of the Eastindias packetts

She came close to use and Saw on her Stairn the Ranger of London -oh my God how my hart goes pitte patty -about after one Capt. M: Mr. F and the doctor came on board and inform me that She was from Falmouth in 12 weeks -almost half mad -then a few moment after they come a Gentleman came on board with a letter for Arundell and Says that was the the only letter except one for Mr. Bradly on board of the Sirius that She had brought out -oh my God how I am disapointed has my Alicia entirly forgott her fond Clark -people in the Ship to Receive letters and not I -shall goe on board after dinner -Lieut Johnstone and Timmins came on board to Tea -went on board the Lady Penrhyn for Wm. Collery to on board the Packett but found no letters nor had the[y] brought any but the above two -She will Sail in a few days for Bengall wher She is bound -I am Quit down to think that all my hopes are over in not been abl to get a letter

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for this Year and a half -on my Returnd found Lieut Davey and Mr. Consident who Staid a half hour with use -Shall goe to Bed and See if I can get any ease on My Pillow and endeavour to think that my beloved has not Quite forgott her Clark her most Sinceer Clark So God Bless her and my Boy again Bless them

Friday the 2d.

could not Sleep all night with thinking and dreaming about my Lovely Alicia -oh that I could have had only a Line from her by this Ship to Say that She is well then then I should be most happy -the doctor and Mr. Faddy went on Shore after Breackfast -Mr. F Returnd to dinner but the doctor Staid untill Eveng and was very much in for it -went on board Scarborought to Speak to Davey and returnd and Soon went to bed -the Ship not come in

Saterday the 3

the Strang Sail not come in Yet -dreamt about Mr. Daw Some thing -went on Shore with Mr. Arundel and Mr. consident -cald at Capt. Campble Lodgins -Saw a great number of our lads on Shore -came of to dinner with Mr. Arundell, Mr. Consident and Lieut Timmins -the Strang Sail come to ane Anchor and Saluted the dutch commondore with 13 Guns Which he Returnd with the Same number of Guns -Faddy went on board of her and found that She Was a Portegues Eastindiaman from Bengall bound to Lisbon -after dinner the doctor, Mr. F, Mr. Consident and Timmins went on Shore again

Sunday the 4

Mr. Faddy and the doctor come on board last a little after 8 -dreamt of Being with Hobbs and Coll. Hughs -this being Sunday took my Belovd Alicia Pitour out of its prison and kist it I Believe a thousand times could not help craying over it dear Sweet Woman -after Breackfast went on board the Packett with Arundell and cald in our Way back on board the Alexander

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Wher we Staid a few Minuets -Capt. M and Arundell went on board the Portegues that came in yesterday -Lieut Long came on board with orders for which See the orderly Book -wrot a letter to Majr. Ross for which See the letter Book -a very fine day -expect the parson on board after dinner as he has been on board the Lady Penrhyn -this forenoon Capt. M. and Arundell went on Shore -Mr. Johnston came on board and gave us a very good Sermon -Satt down and wrot part of a letter to my Betsey my Beloved Woman the most Tendrest of wives -also wrote a letter to Kempster which I sent a way

Munday the 5

Capt. M. and the doctor went on Shore early this Morning and came of to dinner -Mr. F. went ashore after Breakfast and came also of to dinner -the doctor went on Shore after dinner again -Lieut Long came on board to Speak to Capt. M -he again came on board to Capt. M who went with him to Majr. Ross on board the Sirius -a little after four the Ranger Packet got under Way She cheered the comr. the Same as when She came it which the comr. Answerd -Capt. M and the doctor Arundell came on board a little after Seven -will sit down and writ my Alicia to morrow So I wish her a good night and that of my Son

Tuesday the 6

went on board the Danish Eastindiaman with Capt. M. and Arundell from that I went on Shore with them and bought two china Basins for one English Shilling which is the only thing that I have Seen that is cheap -came on board to dinner with them that I went on Shore with -a french Ship came in but don't know wher she if from -Mr. F went on board the Danish Eastindiaman -a nother Sail coming in -Sail a dutch Ship for Batavia this day -30 Sheep came on board this day and wair put in the Place where the women convicts Were -I think we will find much more Agreable Ship mates than they were

Wednesday the 7

Capt. M. the doctor and Self went first on board a french Ship from that went on board a dutch Ship with Some letter wher I Saw a boy cald Burnet whose father I know in Holland -from ther went on board a danish Eastindiaman then on board the Small Sail that came in Yesterday a Portigue from the Brazil

Transcript of a262092

which Sail the 1st. of Sept. 4 day before we and has been at Sea ever Since -from ther we went on board the French Ship that came in Yesterday and found her to be a Packet from Bourdoux bound to the Island of Burbon -The[y] would not tell use any news only that the[y] Believe it will be a War -we bought nothing on board any of the Ships -return on board to dinner -Mr. F was obliged to Sleep on board the danish Eastindiaman it Blow So hard that we could Send no boat for him -he went on board the Portigues Eastindiaman -the doctor and I went on board the Scarborought wher no body was on board but Kellow who with two other Gentlemen were very drunk -did not Stay long for the[y] were not very agreable company -So ends this day

Thursday the 8 it blow very hard all night and dose at this Present moment harder than it has done Since I have been in the Ship -dreamt a bout my Mother god Bless her -I hope She is well -the poor convicts nether the Marines have had nor the convicts any thing to eat to day -it Blows to hard for a Boat to live to Send for any Beef and Soft Bread and ther is no order to give them any Salt provisions -a little after 4 the Boroughdales boat brock loos and is gone to Sea -it Still blows very hard -I am glad that we are not at Sea now -wrot a letter to my dear Alicia and one to Kempster which I hope the[y] will Receive

Friday the 9 Capt. M and Mr. F went on Shore in the Morning and came of to dinner -William my Servant went on Shore and it came on to Blowthat he was oblige to Sleep on Shore -So ends this day -I went on board with Arundell this Evening the Danish Eastindiaman Wher I bought a piece of Nankeen very fine for 4 Shillings -got very wett

Saterday the 10 Mr. F: went on Shore in the Beef Boat -the doctor and Self went on Shore with my letters which I gave to Capt. Davies 23 Regt -returnd to dinner -one of the Government Sheep brought forth two Lams this Morning -hope the[y] will live -after dinner the doctor and I went on board a portigue Eastindiaman from ther on board the Charlott, from that on board a portigue Brig wher the mate made me a present of a little gare of Sweet

Transcript of a262093

Meats -from ther went on board a french Ship wher the Capt. made me a present a pice of Ebonay and Some Indian corn to Sow at Botany -I think the[y] are very Kind to me all to give me these thing for nothing -from ther put Mr. Consident on board his own Ship the Scarborough then Return on board wher Capt. M. and the doctor got to very hight words about nonsence -Capt. M was in the wrong and not a little gave - how disagreable it is for two friends to fall out when the[y] are in Liquor & when the[y] are Sober the[y] are very sorry for it - the comr. made the Signal for Sailing to day

Sunday the 11 could not Sleep from what past last night - the Signal made for Sailing but the wind is against use So that we cannot get out - Some of the Ships got under way as did we to get out of other Ship way when the[y] got under way -Arndell and Mr. F. went on board the Alexander Soon after Breackfast - the[y] Soon after Return and Mr. Consident with them who came on board to draw Several mens teeth which he did with the greatest ease and with very little pain to the men - wanted him to Stay dinner but he would not - Mr. Arndell went on board the Charlott and Return with Majr. Ross and the Surgeon Genl. wher the differance which happend last night was Settled but Majr. Ross made use of Landguage to Capt. M: which in My oppinion was not proper for ane officer to make to a nother and desiring him to take cear of himself if the commanding officer had any thing to Say of the above nature it ought to be as privat as possible without it was a publick mater - went after Tea on board the Scarborought with Arndell from whence I went on board the Alexander to get a little oil which I did from Ballmain who with Sharp came on board this afternoon before Tea but would not Stay to have any - this been Sunday kist my Beloved as usale on this day -read the lessens and Spalms of the day -the Comr. Ship dropt out the Same as we did - hope that we will get away early in the morning So god Bless and preserve my Alicia and our Sweet Boy - my God out of his great goodness take cear of them both is my wish of R. Clark

Transcript of a262094

Munday the 12

dreamt last night about Miss Turner - no wind hardly and that from the Sea - at 7 oClock a Signal was made from the Sugar loaf for a Sail coming in - at after 9 oClock the dutch Comr. Ship Saluted him he going in Shore which is the custom here - at 10 oClock Saw the straing Sail coming in which came to ane Anchor at 12 oClock ane American Ship but dont know wher She is from - the comr. made the Signal to get under Wight - he made the Signal for his boat to come on board with a white [flag] at the Ensing Staff and fired a Gun - got under way and Stood out to Sea with the comr. and the whole fleet - Still a Signal up on the Sugar loaf for a nother Sail - Should wish to know wher She is from perhaps She has got a letter for me from my dearly beloved Alicia - god Bless her and our Boy - god Send use a good passage and a Quick one is my Sinceer wish - past the other Sail a large dutch Ship - thank God we have got clear of the land - 4 oClock the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to come into his wak - about 6 oClock Spoke the Ship Kent of London a Whealer out four months and has got a bout 40 Tuns of oil bound to the eastward of the cape on a Cruse he wanted to know what ship Mr. Watts is on board told him the Lady Penrhyn - the Land Still in Sight

Tuesday the 13 dreamt of being at Mr. Hartwells to get money - it blow very hard last night and a great Sea - it now blows very hard - have being very Sea Sick all this day - Capt. M and the doctor and Self got very wett with the Sea Breaking over use - could eat no Breackfast or dinner being so sick - at 4 oClock the comr. made the Signal for the fleet in come in to his Weak - Latt. obs. in 34 - 14S

Wednessday the 14 got no Sleep all last night for the wind and the Sea would not let me Sleep - dreamt of being in bed with my dear beloved Alicia and that She told me to get up and Shut the room dore as ther was Some body coming up Stairs in the Barracks - dream also that I had my left arm brock and that lost a Tooth which is all bad dreams my betsey has often told me but I trust in god there is nothing the matter with her or our boy - also dreamt much about the Barracks and Adjt. Martin

Transcript of a262095

not So Sea Sick as I was Yesterday - ther been not so much wind and the Sea is much more gone down - Latte in to day 35–7 South - the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to come intohis weak - at 3 oClock the Scarborought Spok use to know from wher that Ship was from which we Spok the day that we came out

Thursday the 15 was disturb out of my sleep by the Sergt. of the Guard coming down to Acquaint Capt. M: that the[y] had found Bennet one of the convicts a Sleep in the Long Boat wher he had gone and stole all the convicts Provision that have the liberty of walking the deck wher the[y] put it for Safty - this Young Rascall had come on deck about 10 oClock to make water and had while the centinell back was turnd Slipt into the long boat wher he had eat So much that he could not Stir and feld a Sleep untill about 2 oClock in the morning when he was found ther - a bout 9 the comr. made the Signal to tack and the whole fleet Tackt accordingly - I wish the wind would come a little more fair - Latte. in to day 35.27 South - had a salt Beef dinner to[day] will have maney of them befor I get to Botany - at after 5 PM. the comr. made the Signal to Tack again - put Jno. Bennet both legs in Irons for Sealing the Bread in the Long boat last night - mark my words that we will not have been at Botany above Six months befor this Young Vilian Bennet comes to the Gallows - have not been able to get my Alicia a Single moment out of my thoughts but thinking that ther is something the matter with her or our Sweet Boy - hope in God that there is not - So I wish them both a good night

Friday the 16 dreamt of walking with my beloved Alicia in dock and the dock Yard and that we went to the Guard room and that Ackney had the Guard - oh my God my God that I could but only here of her been well - I would goe without meat for two days and would let the doctor cut of any two of my fingers with pleasure to hear from her - god Bless her my dear wife the best of woman kind - little wind and that agains use - read one of my dear womans letters of Apl. the 27 wher in She tell me to love her She need not have done that for I cannot help loving her and that tenderly too - if I read any more of her letter I shall goe Quit mad - Latte. in to day 35:45 South - God Send use a fair wind - the comr. made the Supply's Signal to Speak him - Soon after he made

Transcript of a262096

the Agents Signal to Speak him - Sent his boat on board the Agent who went on board of him - the Boroghdale came under our stairn and ask use how we did - told him all well as they were the Same on board of them - the[y] Say that they have lost a great number of ther fowls as has captain Walton on board here - thank God that mine (two) are still a live and hopethat they will Remain for that is all my stock to begin farming at Botany - nasty drisling rain to day hope it will bring a change of wind

Saterday the 17 dreamt that my Mother and Beloved Alicia were dead - oh my God what a dream oh how much did cry in the night in my Sleep also I inquird about the money that my Mother left in Mrs. Humes hands for my Brother and me I hope that Mrs. Hume is dead and that my Beloved Alicia has got the money that Mrs. Stuart left me in her will if So how happy I shall be - got a nother increas to the number on board one of the Publick Sheep brought forth two fine lams this morning - the Weather has been very cold for these Several days past - all the Ship in company - thank God no Sick on board - hope that our Gracious God will befriend use as he had done all along in keeping use So healthy - wish to christ that the wind would change - Latte in to day 36..30 South - Lieut Ball of the Supply came on board with orders from the comr. and Majr. Ross for which See the orderly Book and took away two convicts Thos. Yardsley a Gardner and Will Haynes a Cabinet Maker for which I am very Sorry for as I am affraid that I shall not be able to get my Tea Caddy done which I intended to have made - Ball informs use that the comr. Majr. Ross Lieuts. King and Daw are going he believes in his Brigg and leave the fleet to follow them to Botany the comr. means to take Scarborough and Alexander with [him] also - that is the reason that he is taking all the carpenters and Gardeners that are in the fleet on board the Supply to have Some houses and Some Ground turned over agains the arriv[al] at Botany

Transcript of a262097

I wish that the comr. would take our little Ship with him as She Sails So well - the Agent made the Boroughdales and Alexanders Signal to Speak him - have got a great pain in my Breast - hope in god it will Soon leave me - I wish it was gone for it hurts me very much

Sunday the 18 dreamt again of being with my beloved wife and that you dear woman appeard big with child - gracious God I hope that there is nothing the matter with her - kist her dear Pictour as usual on this day - put on a flannel Waiscoat for the pain in my breast which thank God is not So bad as it was last night - at 8 oClock the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to Tack and stand the other way - about 9 oClock he made the Signal again for the fleet to Tack and Stand the Same way that we were before as we shall be able to lay better up on this tack - a cold nasty day with drisling rain - wish to god that the wind wouldcome fair - read the Spalms and lessons for the day and offerd up prayers more than daily for the health and well fare of my dear Tender and most Beautiful Alicia and Son - God I hope has heard me - Latte. in to day 37.9 South

Munday the 19 little wind - the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to Bring too - Lieut King came on boar a bout 8 oClock with orders for which See the orderly Book who inform use that the comr. intends to goe in the Brigg when we get to E.Ward of the cape & that he intend taking the Scarborough and Alexr. with him and make the best of his way for Botany - hoisted out our boat and the Master of the Ship went on board the Scarborough the boat Soon after Return - the comr. boat came on board for the Master of the Ship who went on board and Soon after Return with orders to Send three sheep and hay on board the Lady Pernhyn as the horses on board of her will not eat Bran so the[y] are affraid that the[y] will not have hay to Serve them. Jane Parkenson one of the convict women that was sent from this Ship on board the Lady Penrhyn died a few days Since - I thought She would not

Transcript of a262098

live long - I am Exceeding happy to find that we are going with the Comr. when he goes in the Supply - I am Sorry though that the orders that came on board to day is to put use to 3 pints a water in the 24 hours which is too little 2 Quarts we can doe with but 3 pints is too little - thank God I have a little by me of my own - the Longe. by the comr. time pice is 10–19 East So that we have lost by this bad wind near 300 miles - I wish that it would come fair but I am affraid that it will come from the old Quarter - a great number whials came very near the Ship - I never Saw So many at once - Several boat going from Ship to Ships - Latte in to day by ob
On of the Sheep beloning to Government brought forth a lamb - I think that if the[y] come as fast a Botany as the[y] have Since the[y] came on board her we will Soon have a good Stock

Tuesday the 20 the Ship rold very much all last night ther being no wind to keep her steeddy - was oblige to get out in the night to put my dressing box in the cubbord which had tumbled out and was all most brock to pices - no wind - all the Ships in company with ther heads different Ways - a great number of Whials a bout the Ship - thank God that ther is a little wind come and that fair - hope ther will be more of it and remain in the Same Quarter - another of the Government Sheep brought forth a lamb to night which is the 6th. Since the[y] came on board - Spoke the Fisbourn and ask use if we wair going with the Supply when She left the remander of the fleet - told them Yes - the agent is Removed from the Fisbourn on board the Alexr. he made the Boroughdales Signal to Speak him - latt in 37.37 S - 4 P.M a very fine Breeze going 5 Knots - dreamt last night that I was going down to Tregadock to take leave of them befor I went to Botany but was assulted by a great Mob whome I was obliged to handle reather rufly with my Sword befor the[y] would let me pass

Wednesday the 21 a very fine Breeze - all the Ship in company going 8 Knots ane hour which that we continue this for a month then I think Shall not be a great way from Botany Bay - Latt in to day 38.37 S

Transcript of a262099

Thursday the 22

it Blous very hard but it is fair and a great Sea follows us - all the Ships in Sight - the fleet is obliged to Shorten Sail for the Supply who is not able to keep up with the fleet it blows too fresh and a great Sea running - Latte. in to day 39.0 South - went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon untill to day dito 166 miles not bad going for the little friendship - a few of them will bring use Soon to Botany - 6 PM. not So much wind as ther was in the Morning

Friday the 23 dreamt that I had Recieved 40 Pounds Prize money from Geoe. Groves hope that my dear Alicia has Recieved that which Government kept back from use - the Ship rold very much all last night - very little wind - all the Ships in company - the Sea is much gone down by what it was Yesterday - went by the log Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day dito 123 miles - latte. in to day by obs. 39.3 South - Saw Several flying fish to day the first that I have Seen Since I left Rio de Janario - draw this day a Quart of Rum in part of that which is due me from my allowance - the wind begines to head use

Saterday the 24 the wind has much head it use in the night - a nasty Squaly day - the wind blows fresh - all the Ship in company - Latt 39 South - gave this afternoon a Quart of Rum to the Boatswain and Carpenter of the Ship for things that the[y] have done for me

Sunday the 25 dreamt of being with my Betsey and that I took Mr. Price home to See my Beloved Alicia and my Pictour which we had done by a limner - what things I dream of but I wonder if Mr. Price ever goes near my dear woman or to See my Boy - I thought that he had sent a Bag of Potatoes to Betsey I wish that he may - kist my beloveds Pictour as usual on this day - there has been very little wind all this night andmorning 8 oClock but it begins to freshing up and it is [my] night of - all the Ship in company - have not had any body Sick Since we have been out thank God for it - to day for the first time in my life drinked my tea without Sugar which I intend to doe all the Voyage as my Sugar begins to grou Short therfor will only drink tea and Sugar now and after we get on Shore on certaind days - at 9 the comr. made the Supplys Signal to Speak him Soon after he made the Alexanders, Scarborough and our for the Same purpose - at 10 hoisted out our boat and the master of the Ship went on board the Sirius - Saw Majr. Ross and Long and theres things going on board the Scarborough Wher the[y] intend to remain untill we get to Botany - at 11 the comr.

Transcript of a262100

Sent his things from the Sirius on board the Supply and Soon after he went himself - the Sirius cheerd him with three cheers which he and the Boat crew returnd our boat Return with orders to follow the Supply and also not to have any conversation with the Natives when we get to Botany - Seald orders came on board from Majr. Ross to Capt. Meridith which he is not to oppen unless we Seppereat from the Ships - after twelf the Supply made Sail as did the alexander Scarborought and use and parted with the rest of the fleet - god Send use a Quick and Save passaged - Loge. by the comr. time pice Yesterday 20–48 East - had no obers. to day - we have got a fine fair wind wish that it may continue for this month to come - read the lessons and Spalms for the day of the month - the Supply has left use and is making the best of her way for Botany So that we are now under the charge of the Agent of Transports

Munday the 26 dreamt last night that I had Stole from me my Beloved Alicia old stript cotten gown which I had tied up in a bundle - the Sirius and remainder of the fleet in Sight but a great Way a stairn - the Supply a great way a head almost out of Sight - the Alexander and Scarborough and Self close together - little wind and that little heading use - Latt in to day by ob 38.11 South - went by the last 24 hours 130 miles - 1 oClock PM the Supply out of Sight - at 5 oclock PM very little wind

Tuesday the 27 dreamt much about my Betsey, old Mrs. Kempster, Kempster, Mrs. Hume and Mrs. Stuart - I thought that old Mrs. Kempster came to drink Tea with my Beloved and brought a news paper with her - god grant that the[y] may be all well - a bout 4 oClock the Alexander made the Signal for to Tack as the wind has come quit agains use - I am affraid that we Shall make a long Passaged - the Sirius and the otherShips out of Sight - the two Ship in company close to use - Satt down and mended a few hool in my table cloath of No. 1 - a fine day very little wind foul against use as it can blow - hope that it will com round again to its old Quarter So that we may push on - Latte in to day 38.10 South - Several Small birds cald by the Seamen Mother carreys chickens which Sea faring people in General Say when the[y] are Seen is a Sure omen that ther is going to be blowing Wether and at present it has all the appearence if it would blow hard to night - have had my old green coat cut Taild again which is now the third time Since I have been on board - I am affraid that it will not allow to be piece[d] any more when it wants it again for it is now not much longer than a large waiscoat - it has been a good Servant

Transcript of a262101

it blows So hard that I cannot Sit to write

Thursday the 30 [29]

it blow much harder Yesterday than it has Since I have left england - was exceedingly Sea Sick much more So than Since I have been in the Ship - the Ship rold her sides under water and the Sea boke over use almost every moment - the two Ships in company - had no observation Yesterday - dreamt last night that I was I thought in Huntingshire and that Miss Jane Sedgwick was ther and that I kist her - Reynolds was ther also - I hope he has not been fool enuff to marry her - I never was in a Ship that rold So much as this Ship dose - I could hardly Sleep last night for it - it is quite a calm not a breath of wind from the heavens - what a difference between Yesterday and to day - ther is still a great Sea up - if my dear woman had been on board heer yesterday She would have been pretty frightend - Latt in to day 39–40 South - 1 oClock god send ther was a little wind to keep the Ship Steeddy - 5 oClock thank god that ther is a little wind come - hope to be able to have a little ease for befor we had non - I have been doing nothing but thinking but a bout home - god grant that the[y] may be all in health

Friday the 30

the little wind that came last Evening So died away and it was Quit calm about 12 oClock at night but thank God that Since ther has a very fine breeze Spring up and the Ship goes between 4 and 5 knots - dreamt of been with Price who I thought was playing cards with Several more - a very fine day and a likely hood of the winds continues - the two Ship in company - Latte. in 39–40 South the Same as Yesterday So that the little we have gone is all Longe. and a Stright line to Botany - this is St andrews day - Mrs. Stuarts birth day good woman - I hope that She is now in heaven - I wish her Sister was as good as She was then every body would have had thier own

Saterday December the 1st.

dreamt of being with my beloved Alicia on board Ship - God out of his great goodness that I could but only here from her to Say that She and our dear Sweet Boy are well - I would be much more easier than I am - a very fine day and a good fair wind - went by the log last 24 hours three degrees of Longatude - Latt in to day 39–52 South - 1 oClock Scarborough haild use to Send a line a Stairn which we did and the[y] Sent a fine hind Qr. of Mutton on board for Capt. Walton - I Should not no objections to cut a few slices from it for I am Quite Sick of Salt Beef and Salt Pork but I must make the best of it I have nothing els in the Mess - I never lived So poor Since I was born - drew this afternoon three Quarts of Rum from the Stuart being part of my Allowance

Sunday the 2d.

kist my Alicia Pictour as usual on this day - gracious God how much I doe love and adore her - bless her and preserve her is my constant prayer. - a very fine day and fair wind - read the lessons and Spalms for the day of the month

Transcript of a262102

a great number of Porpoises a bout the Ship also Several albitrosses flying a bout - on of the last born lams died this morning - a bout after 10 the Scarborough came along Side and haild use /to know by Majr. Ross orders/ of Capt. Meridith if the mens Jackets wair all finished answered not Quite - they are all well as are we - thank god having nobody Sick on board - Latt in to day 40–0 South

Munday the 3th.

a very fine Breeze all night - the two Ships a great way a head of use we have got more Sail Set to day than we have had at any one time Since I have been in the Ship - Latt in to day 40–38 South - went by the Log last 24 hours 164 miles - thirty Such runs as this I think that we shall not be a great Way from Botany - I wish it was to Plymouth dear Sweet place wher all my happiness my Soul and tendrest Love is centerd - 1 oClock it blows pretty fresh - 4 oClock I think that it will from appearence blow fresh if not hard to night - Several of Mother carrys chickins flying a bout - gave Pint of Rum to the Ships cook.

Tuesday the 4

it blow as I thought would very hard in the night much harder than Since it has done Since we have been from England - Several heavy Seas brock over use in the night - I could not Sleep not a wink - it now blows very hard and the wind has come round to the other Qr. and a very great Sea running - this is a nasty dirty day it is Exceedingly cold what must it be in the winter if it is so cold now the middle of Summer - both Ships in Company - had no observation to day but went by the Log the last twenty four hour 168 miles - it has turned out a fine afternoon but remarkably cold - I have hardly found it So cold in England at this time of the Year as it is heer at present - 5 PM the Agent haild use and told use that his Long was 46–2 East and askd use what we wair in - told him 46–0 - all well on board the Alexander - the Scarborough haild use also and Said that the[y] wair in 45 odd - all well on board ther

Wednessday the 5

lay a Weak the greatest part of the night and did nothing but think a bout home god bless them both - Quite a calm not a Single breath of wind - Latt in to day 40.39 S - much warmer than Yesterday but Still it is very cold - this afternoon one of the Sheep brought forth a lam the Smalest of the whole that has been lamd Yet

Thursday the 6

a great fog cannot See neather of our consorts - at 8 oClock herd a Gun close too use - Suppose it to be from the Alexander also ringing of Bells - at 10 oClock the fog cleard away and the two Ships close to use - latte. in to day 41–14 South

Friday the 7

a very fine breeze and that fair - have done nothing all this day but thinking about my beloved Alicia and what has affected me So much is that I Sat down and read part of the Play of Jane Gray - oh what a deep Tragedy it is - poor Lady I believe She knew that She must died if She accepted the crown - She did love her husband but not half So much as I love my adorable Alicia - god only knows how much that I love her I from the bottom of my Soul I love and would Give up life to make her happy

Transcript of a262103

I wish to christ that I was but once got back to her again - not all the promotion Should make me part from her again - Latt 41–21 South - I cannot rest I wish that it was bed time that I might have a hearty cry that would ease the hevy load that at present is round my heart - Saw to day a great dele of Sea weed and Several porpuses came about the Ship different from the common Sort - Mr. Laurance Struck one of them with the harpon but he got away again

Saterday the 8

Still a fair wind hope to God that it will continue for this Month to come - read the remainder of Lady Jane Gray - could not help Sheding Tears for So good a Young Lady to come with her fond husband to So untimly ane end as She did - could not think what makes me So unhappy for these two days past my heart is very hevey and every moment my Alicia comes in to my thoughts that their must be Some thing the matter with her and my Son - my Alicia my dear woman I hope to God that it may be only conjector in me from Reading the above Play - the doctor Pigg has brought forth 5 Young once of which the doctor has given me one for which I am much oblige to him - Latt in to day 41–7 South - on of the Sheep brought for a nother Lam this afternoon

Sunday the 9

Dreamt that I was with my beloved Alicia and I thought that I put my hand in her breast - dear Sweet dream it was honey to my Soul athough in a dream to be with You my adorable woman - I wish to dream of You and to be You every night - how I long to be with You again believe me Betsey I never will goe from you again - have got a great pain in my head and Breast if it is not better to morrow Shall have a little Blood taking from me - this being Sunday kist your pictour my tender wife the mother of our dear Boy as usual on this day - I could not help Saying to myself this morning when I was looking on it how good the Almighty has been to me to give So Beautiful So good So Vertious a woman to wife as you are Betsey - I want word to praise your Vertious your are Surly ane Angle and not a woman - Read the lessons and Spalms for the day - had no observation to day - thick nasty Weather by the wind is fair thank God - went by the Log last 24 hours 148 miles - our consorts a bout a mile a head of use - thank heaven no Sick on board - the Young lams and Piggs all well - 3 oClock PM. it blows and rain very hard - gave the Seamen a bottle of Rum for the[y] are very wett and cold and a Glas wont doe them any harm

Transcript of a262104

Munday the 10

Dreamt that I was at Aunt Hawkings last night also that I was at the Governors and he had a letter and Some thing in it about my beloved Alicia - God bless her and my dr. heavenly Boy - this is a fine day the wind Shifted on the other Quarter about 12 oClock last night from the N:W: to S:W - Seems to be the prevailin wind heer - the pain in my breast and head not so bad as the[y] were Yesterday - the two Ships in Compy. - how I am affected with Poor Lady Jane Gray - I should like to See it acted - Please God when I Return You and I Betsey will often goe to the Play for You are as fond to See a good Play actd as I am - Latte. in to day 41–39 South and I Suppose that we are in 60 East Longe. by this time - went by the Log 132 miles for the last 24 hours - gave Jno. Best one of the convicts a Glass of Rum he appeard to be very cold

Tuesday the 11

My God how the Ship did roul last - did not close my Eyes the whole there being a great Sea and little wind - if my dear Betsey had been here how She would have been frightend for her Clark her Son and Self - Sat down and wrot a few lines on her Vertues which I intend to Send home to you in my first letter - I have Said nothing but what is Your due Betsey my Belovd Woman - Latt in to day 41–21 South - Wind S:W: - the Scarborough haild use and asked use how we are - told use that they are all very well - the pain in my head Quit gone but the pain in my breast much the Same - I wish to God that it was gone also no body that can be cald Sick on board - what a Great Blessing

Wednessday the 12

dreamt that I was with You my dear Betsey and that You Said Some thing to me a bout going to Exeter which I don't Recollect now what it was besides Some thing informs me that You are going to live ther my wife - the pain in my Breast the Same I wish to God that it was gone - Sleep much better than I did the night before - this is a fine day and good fair Breeze - Our two consort in company - the wind is N:W: our course S.E. and by E. - Latte in 41–18 South

Tuesday the 13

dreamt a bout Mrs. Creswell that I Saw her walking with her Husband - a fine breeze it Shifted from the NW: to S:W: at 8 oClock - it rained a good dele in the night and this morning - it is now a fine day - went the last 24 hours 163 miles - Latte. in to day 41–46 South - we are now a breast of Kergullins land on the Island of Desolation wher Capt. Cook put in to on chrismas day and cald the Harbour chrismas harbour from the day - he found it remarkable could ther although it was the hight of Summer and if we were a few degrees more to the Souther than we are at Present we would So also the Island of Desolation Liys in the Latte 48 South Long 67–odd East - by the Ships reconing we are in Long 67–30 East - I hope to God that we will be at Botany about the middle of January - gave Some Rum to Duhagen one of the Seamen

Friday the 14

dreamt that I was in the Barracks with You my Belovd Betsey and that I Saw our dear Sweet Boy running back and forward a cross the room - God out of his great goodness procket him and You my tender wife - I dreamt a great dele more a bout You also a bout Lt. & Adjt. Martin and Reynolds then fell - little wind in the night as there is Still but that little is right aft - our two consorts in compy. - put Robt. Sidaway in a pair of Leg irons for being impertinent to Mr. Faddy - this is the fellow that the doctor of the Mercury Shot throu the arm when the[y] rose and took the Ship - he is a darring Valinous fellow I should have

Transcript of a262105

flogg him if I had being Commanding officer for his behavour - drew this day 3 Pints of Rum from the Stuart of the Ship being part of my allowance - latt in to day 41–40 South - at 4 P:M the Scarborough haild use to asked use how we all did - askd them the Same and found them the Same as we very well - Capt. M inform Majr. Ross that he could not goe on with the mens cloathing as the Tayler had lost his sheers overboard - Majr. Ross inform Capt. M to goe to the Alexr. and Mr. Fuzer would give use a Pair - a 5 oClock haild the Alexr. and informed Mr. Fuzer what Majr. Ross had desired use - Mr. Fuzer inform use that they were all on board the Scarborough amonst the Stores - Lieut J. Johnstone and Sharp asked me how I did told him very well - this afternoon a little hawk came on board and one of the men caught it - found that it beloned to Some body on board the Scarborough who had let it fly away for its nastyness - the man that caught it let it fly away again and Poor little thing in Endeavering to reach the Alexr. it fell in the water - I Suppose must be drownd - Sat down and wrot out a Memd. of every thing that I have got as I dont know what things I have and have not - Shall not be able to Get ane Account of every thing untill I get to Botany - So God Bless you my dear Betsey I also dreamt last night Betsey that X - this Evening on of the Sheep brought forth a nother lam

Saterday 15th. a good Breeze Sprung up in the Middle watch - dreamt that I had Sh… my Breechess last night - my Dear Betsey I think if you was here Betsey and I telling you So you would call me nasty fellow - this is a very fine day and a good wind thank God for it and for keeping use So healthy as we are - our two consorts in in company - Latt in to day 41–30 South - the Sea the Same if it was all Blood from the Spor of Whale - Several Large ones about the Way call this the read Sea

Sunday the 16 dreamt last night that I was again with You my Alicia and I thought that You was going to take Some bodys child to nurse who had Sore Eyes and I was much against - I hope to god that our dear Boy has not got Sore Eyes Betsey - Kist your dear image this day as usual - read the the Prayer lessons and Spalms for the Day - a very fine wind - run the last 24 hours 172 miles which is delightful going - latt in 24–9 South - 4 oClock PM it blows fresh I think it will blow hard from appearances and ther is also a great number of Mother Carrys chickens flying a bout - our Consorts in Compy.

Munday the 17 it came on to blow and rain very hard last night - gave the Seamen a glass of Rum each as the[y] are very wett - dreamt that I Saw Kempster and White walking and that Kempster Shook me by the hand very kindly I wish that I could

Transcript of a262106

I should not be a great way from you my Beloved Betsey & Should Soon Shak you by the hand also - Quit calm almost - our two consort in compy. - a great many porposses came about the Ship - had no observation to day the Sun not being out - wrot a few lines to You my beloved Alicia

Tuesday the 18 in the Night the wind Sprung up from S by W: wher it now remains and blows fresh and cold - dreamt that I was with you my Betsey and that I put you on horsback but you could not ride on Account as you informed me that your X bad - I then rode away and left You and return and mett You in the road - Some body els with you Singing - I dreamt also my beloved wife about Lieut Wade - I thought that he came on board this Ship and that we were on our passagd to England - I wish to God that it was true then I Should I hope soon be able to clasp you My Tender woman in my fond Arms and hugg you to death with Love and Kind kisses - it is very cold to day we are now going to dinner after one oClock - the difference of time is so great that I dont Suppose you have got your Breackfast yet it not being much after Eight oClock you have got milk to Your Tea - I drink mine without that or Sugar as I am obliged as of the former I have non and of the later very little but I dont begrudge you my lovely woman if it was ten times bitter - Latt in to day 42–00 South - our Two consorts in Compy.

Wednessday the 19 dreamt again of my beloved Alicia - oh my God I hope that there is nothing the matter with you my tender woman or that of our dear Boy but I suppose my dreaming of you last night was that of my reading Some of your dear tender letter Yesterday - oh what Sweet languaged your letters contain my only friend - I wish to God that I had inform you all after our Marriaged then as You Say we Should not have been obliged to this long Seperration but it is Gods will only I trust in him that you will only Keep up you Spirrits for your fond husband Sake and our dear little Engagin boy - the day Betsey is Remarkable cold and blows fresh - our consorts in Compy. - Latt in 41–59 South - dreamt also of Mr. Bedlake with whome I was and I thought that he had a wigg on - I hope he and his good woman are well

Thursday the 20 the Alexander carried away her F T S Yard in the Slings and are oblige to goe under ane Easy Sail untill the[y] get up a nother - a very cold day but a fine fair wind - latt in 42–01 South - we are now much about half way from the Cape to Botany being to day in Longe. 83–odd East - botany is in Longe. 152 odd East - it haild and Snowd to day it being So cold that I have been obliged to put on a flannel Waiscoat and place of one pair of stockings two pair and obliged to keep my great coat constantly all day

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Friday the 21

dreamt again last night of my beloved Betsey you dear woman in constant thought whether Sleeping or a wake - dreamt also of Mr. Price I should be glad to know if ever he gives himself the trouble to See you or our boy - Alicia Some thing tells me that he dose not if So I am not much disapointed if he dose call on you and take notice of Ralph I am only a little [?] it is much warmer to day than Yesterday - This is the Shortest day with you Betsey and it is the Longest here with use - our two Consorts in Compy. - little wind but that thank God fair - Latt in 42–01 South the Same as Yesterday - wrot a prayer for the health and welfare of you my dear wife and Sweet Son which I should with the assistance of God repeat Morning and Evening before my Rising from Bed and going to it and hope in Almighty God that he will here me

Saterday the 22 dreamt my beloved woman I thought that I was at the Barracks and that Poor Budd (who is now I hope with God) and Geoe. Foster was with me - a fine fair wind but the old Agent will not make the most of it by Setting more Sail - Latt in to day 42–22 South - 3 oClock PM: it blows pretty fresh and a great manny of Mother Carrys Daughters flying about which is in general a certain omen that it will blow hard which we may expect as the Sun leaves to morrow and Returns to the nortward

Sunday the 23 kist your Pictour as usual on this day and Read the Prayers lessons and Spalm for the day - Wm. Evans and Jno. Patrick tuo of the Prisener made a complaint that the rest of the Priseners constantly detaind ther allowance from them and gave them what the[y] Pleased of it - the[y] also informd that the[y] had Stole a great dele of wood and Beef which the[y] Said had been handed out of the hole at different times - I went down in the Fore Prisen and found the Beef and 29 large Billits of wood - on Examing we found that Heny. Lovell and Heny. Cable two of the Prisoner who have the liberty of going about the Ship had Stole the Beef and wood out of the Fore when they had gone down to pump water - ther never were Such D…… Rascals collected together as ther is on board this Ship - I will keep a sharp look after them when at Botany otherwise the[y] will take the teeth out of my head - Latt in to day 42–31 South - went by the Log last 24 hours 135 miles

Munday the 24 a very fine day - Capt Walton kild one of his Sheep to day - went down to the Scarborough and haild him that if he would Send a line on board we would Send him a Qtr. of Mutton - he informd use that he had kild a Sheep so that he has plenty - found them all well - the[y] informd use that he was Yesterday in 100–19 East Longe. and Capt Walton only in 96–22 East - thank God that we are So much father a head than what I thought we were - Longe. in to day 42–49 South - a great Whale under the Stairn and followd the Ship for Some time - Capt. Walton Sent of a leg of Mutton - if it had not been for that I doe not know what I Should have gave them for dinner to Morrow Except Salt Beef or Pork which is all that I have to give them otherwise for dinner but if I was with You Betsey at home I know what you would give your fond Clark

Transcript of a262108

this been Chrismas day kist your dr Image as usual on Sundays - God I wish You Betsey my dr. Beloved wife and Sweet Boy both a Merry Chrismas & happy New Year and many many of them - O God Grant that I was at home with you to eat of your Goose and Apple Piy for I shall have only a Poor dinner here - never Betsey did your Poor Ralph live So ill as I doe at Present - never will I goe to Sea without laying in Some Sea Stock - if my Mess Mates will not I will drink Both your health as I doe every day although only in Water but it is with a Sinceer wish - So God Bless you - Latt in 42–51 South - run last 24 hours 160 miles

Wednesday the 26 Several of the Marines got much in Liquor Yesterday - a very fine breeze - went by the Log last 24 hours 172 miles - had no observation to day it been thick rainy wether - our consorts in compy. - it has turned out a fine afternoon but very little wind

Thursday the 27 dreamt about Kempster I thought Betsey that him and I was in a Strange place - I hop that nothing is the matter with him or family - in the night the wind freshend up - a dirty day had no observation to day - I wish to God that we had got to Botany that I might be able to get Som Greens or other for I am much affraid that I shall get the Scurvy - oh that I was onc[e] got home to you my beloved Betsey how I would kiss and presse you to my Bosom

Friday the 28 dreamt my Beloved that I was at home with you and that I wanted you and you would not let me - a very fine day - our two consorts in company - went by the log last 24 hours 152 miles - Latt in to day 43–57 South - how thankful we ought to be to God for the fair wind that we have had for these Six weeks past - if it contunious 14 days more I hope to be at Botany for never was any body So Sick of the Sea as I am - if I could heer or See or [have] You to be with me it would not be So long as it is my beloved wife and Tender Alicia

Saterday the 29 dreamt that you and I was walking in a Strange Place my Beloved woman and it was raining very hard and you had nothing on You but a white bed Gown and black handkerchiff and I wanted to goe back for your Cloak but you would not let me - I hope in God my beloved Betsey that you and Ralph are Both in health and welfare - what would I give my God my God to here from you - it will be a long long time before I can - a very fine day and have a most charmin run last 24 hours went 181 miles - Latt in 43–56 South So that it is all Longe. that we have made

Sunday the 30 Kist your dr. Pictour as usual on this day and God Bless you my Betsey - read the Prayers and lessons of the day - the Scarborough a little befor 8 haild use and ask how we all did - told them very well as the[y] wair also the[y] informed use that the[y] were in Longd. 123–4 East - Capt. Walton informd them that he was in 119 odd - a bout 10 oClock the Alexander haild use and informd use that they was by a luniar observation this Morning in Longe. 125–2 East told use also that the[y] wair all very well on board - Latt in to day 43–49 South

Munday the 31 a fine day and good Breeze and that fair thank God - this is the last day of the Year 1787 - I hope for your Sake my beloved Alicia that before this time twelf months to be a first Lieut - to Morrow is New Years day - hope you and our dr. Sweet Boy will have a happy one and a great many of them is your fond Clark constant Prayer and wish - went by the log last 24 hours 170 miles - Latt 43–50 South

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1788 Tuesday the 1 JAN

This being New Years day my beloved Alicia I wish You and our dr. boy maney maney happy Returns of the day - trust in God that he will defend you my Sinceer friend and Amiable wife from all Perils and dangers Preserve You in health and welfare and that of our dear Ralph who is Sweet as the Bloom of Spring is the most Sinceer wish of your dr. and fond husband - this is the first new Year that I have been away from You hope it will be the last but why doe I hope So when I am certain I must be two or three a way longer - oh I wish I had never come - it blows very hard and the wind has headed use very much - went by the log last 24 hours 168 miles - Latt in 44–00 South - it is now 1 oClock and I am going to sit down to the Poorest dinner that ever I Sat down too on a New Years day a pice of hard Salt Beef and a few musty Pancakes and You my Beloved wife wont be out of Bed these 3 hours it not being 5 oClock in the morning in England yet there being more than Eight hours difference - gave to the men one Quart one pint and a half Pint of Rum it being New Years day to drink your and Ralphes health

Wednessday the 2 Sleep remarkable well I had clean Sheets put on last night - the wind came aft again in the night ther is now very little of it - our two consorts in company - at 11 oClock the Alexander made our Signal to Speak him - he haild use and informd use that he would his boat on board for a cask of oatmeal which the[y] Soon after did - I ask the people in the Boat how all the Gentlemen did on board - the[y] told me very well - also askd them if the[y] had Buried any body Since the[y] left the cape - the[y] answerd two convicts but that the[y] were now very healthy only one marine Sick on board - haild the Alexander and informd them that our oatmeal was very Sower answerd use to Send them the best that we had - fine mild day - hope to See the land of New holland by friday or Saterday next - was obliged to Send the boat away without the Oatmeal found that there was non in the Ship - haild the Alexander to Know of the Commissary what we was to have in the room of the Oatmeal answerd Pease - haild the Scarborough and asked them how the[y] all did found them the Same as on board here very well

Thursday the 3 dreamt that I was with my Mother and also with Poor Mrs. Stuart good woman - I hope She is in heaven - a very fine Breeze - went by the log last 24 hours 156 miles - Latt in 43–54 South - had a very good Lunar observation and they find them Selfs in 141–odd East Longe. So if the Breeze continues we will See the land to Morrow - Scully Island as Capt. Furneaux cald it after his Brother Place now Parson Furneaux near the mile house - [bound?] the cables to the Anchors - our two Consorts in Company - I was affraid that Capt M and Mr. F would have Quarled to day - I never came across

Transcript of a262110

Such a Selfish fellow in all my life as he is - I hope that he will not give me cause to Quarle with him for the Short time that we are to be together

Friday 4 dreamt by beloved Alicia again that I was with Mrs. Stuart and that She gave me Some Gold and a Diamond Breast Pine - dreamt also that Your Brother Mattw. was chasing me on a white horse but I got away from him then I was at Kempsters and was handing Mrs. Kempster in a coach drawn by Six Black horses and that She was going a long Journey - I hope that nothing is the Matter with Kempster or his family - a very fine Breeze and as fair as it can blow - went by the log last 24 hours 191 miles not bad going - hope to See the land this Evening - the Mess drew for Some thing that could not be divided there was three prizes and a Blank and I was the most luckily I drawd the Filtrin Stone, the doctor the Mustard Pott and Mr. Faddy a rotten Pumpkin Capt. M the Blank - Capt. M and Mr. F had Some words again - Mr. F is the most Selfish grumbling and bad hearted Man I was ever Mess mates with - I am glad that he is going to leave our Mess when we get to Botany - I wish that we were there I hope it will not be long - it came on to blow fresh - carried away the F T M Studding Sail Boom and rent the sail to pices - at Six PM: could See no land as was Expected - at 7 PM the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to Bring too - I am very glad that he has made that Signal not having had any observations to day we might perhaps run on board of it before we knew that we was near it

Saterday 5 Lay Too untill 3 oClock this morning - it blows very hard with Rain 8 oClock not land in Sight - at 11 oClock Capt Walton and I thought that we Saw the land and So it was for Soon after the man at the Mast Head cald out that he Saw the land to windward - made the Signal to the Agent that we Saw the land by hoisting the Ensing which the[y] Answerd - it is very hight land - I am Glad that we have Seen the land - I wish that I was going from as I am going to Stay on it for Some time - it is a great Way to Botany near Eight hunder miles Yet and the wind is a foul as it can blow - the land Bears from use NNE - had no observation - I wish to god that we were got to ane Anchor at Botany Bay as well for my self as for the Poor Sheep on Board - the[y] have hardly hay Sufficient to keep life in them if we Should be oblig to Stay out much longer the[y] must all die and we be obliged to Eat our Provision without cooking it as there will be no firing in the Ship - the wood has been out these 3 weekes past and the[y] Say ther is not a weeks coals in the Ship a poor look out for them that had the fitting the Ships out - what would we have done if we had not had Such fair winds as we have been Blest with Since we left the other Ships we must all have Starved - one of the Lams died in the night - 3 oClock it blous very hard - Stood from the land the[y] brought too under close reeft T Sails - poor things one of the Sheep died this afternoon and Several more will goe the Same way in a few days - kild one of the Young Pigs this afternoon how I shall feast to morrow - Please God I wish that you were here my beloved

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Betsey to have a pice of it for I know that you are as Remarkably fond of Pig as I am -

Sunday 6 could not get to Sleep untill 3 oClock this morning and did nothing all the time but think about You and our dr. Sweet Boy - it blow very hard in the night - it been Sunday Kist Your dr. image as usual on this day and read the Prayers Lesson and Spalms for the day - thank God this is a fine day and Standing in for the Land - the Scarborought made the Signal at 11 oClock for Seing the land - Saw the land Soon after from the deck it appears very hight the Same as the land that we Saw Yesterday but it cannot be the Same as we run a great way to the Southward and Eastward - Latt in to day 44–01 South - this being old Chrismas day I wish you manny happy Returns of the day my dear Woman God preserve you in health and welfare is your Clark constant Prayer - the land bears from use NN:W: about 5 or 6 Leagues - made a most excelent dinner - a 4 PM the Scarborough haild use and asked use how all did - told them very well as we found them - another of the Sheep died this afternoon poor things I am affraid the[y] will all died if we dont get in Soon a 6 the Agent made the Signal to Speak the Scarborough

Munday 7th. very little wind and much warmer than we have had it Since we left the Cape - the land not in Sight - Served the Mens Necessaries - made a twelf [night] cake and it is very good but not So good as if You hadmade it Alicia - I wish that it was of your making - Latt in 43–46 South - had two pair of Breechess made of the pice of Nankeen which I bought at the cape and was obliged to cut up one of my Shirts for Pockits and linning - I could not wear it any longer it been So torn and gone Bad

Tuesday 8th. dreamt again my beloved Alicia that I Saw You big with child my dr. woman I wish that I was at home we would See what we could doe and get a little Alicia to be the image of your self - I also dreamt Some thing about Kempster but I doe not Recollect what it was - this is a foggy day and the wind Quite against use - past 8 the agent made the Scarborough Signal to Speak him - at 10 the Scarborough haild use and told use to keep near the Agent as it is foggy wether and that if the wether continued So that when he made the Signal to Tack if he could not See use or the other Ship he would fire 2 Guns which was to be Answerd by one from use and the Scarborough - Majr. Ross askd Capt. M if the Marine Cloothing was done and to get the Mens Arms and Accoutrement ready for landing - drew a Quart of Rum to give the Tayler and the man that cut my hair a Glass of Grog each - Latt in 43–06 South - at 5 PM the Alexr. made the Signal for the land - Saw the land a few Minuets after very plain - the Scarborough haild use again and told use that Majr. Ross desired use to give the Sheep anything that the[y] would

Transcript of a262112

eat as the hay was all out and the corn did not agree with them and desired use to hail the Alexr. and See if the[y] had any hay which we Soon after did but the[y] have got non - the Land is St. Marias Island distance 4 or 5 Leagues and the land to Leeward of use is Cald Tasmans head distance between 6 or 7 Leagues - at past Six the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to Tack - answerd it and Soon after Tacked - Saw a great manny Seals about the Ship - Saw also the Trees on the Shore after the fogs clearing away - it looks if it would blow hard to night -

Wednessday 9 it blow in the night and dose still very hard - Split our FTM Stay Sail in the night and carry away our peak haillaird this forenoon - our consorts in Sight - the wind as foull as it can blow - I wish that it would come fair - Latte 43–17 South - lost 11 miles Since Yesterday - 2 oClock PM almost Quite calm I hope that we are going to have a fair wind my dear Betsey my Beautiful fair one - past 3 thank God the wind is come Quite fair - I hope it will remain So it has been a Terrible night and day for the poor Sheep and Young Lambs I wish the[y] were all at Botany -

Thursday 10 dreamt that I was with Kempster Smugellin - it blows very hard - another of the Sheep died this morning She was big with Lamb and Several more are lickly to goe the Same way - Saw Several Seals about the Ship - Latt in 42–09 South - less wind than there was in the morning - 4 oClock Quite Moderat - caught what the[y] call in England a Horse Sting Some a Kingsfisher fly - it must have been blown of from the land - this is a hard harted wind I wish that it would change and come fair -

Friday 11 in the middle watch it was Quite calm and Soon after it came to blow very hard as it dose at this present - oh my dear woman if you was on board how Sea Sick you would be but I wish to God that You was I should be much happier than I am at present for then I should be able to have You in my arms and attend You if You was Sick wher I am oblige to be content with huggin your dear Pictour to my fond Bosom - oh my God when shall I here from You how long will it before - oh I pray constantly for them to goe that I might again pres You to this fond Breast of mine your tender husbands - God out of his goodness bless and preserve You and that of our dear Son - 12 oClock it Still blows very hard - Latt in 42–07 South - a great manny Albertrosses flying about -

Saterday 12 It blow in the Night Remarkable hard - Split to pices our main Stay Sail - dreamt that Majr. Foster was dead and that Mrs. F was going to be married to Capt. Cumings - that God the wind is much more favourable and it dont blow to So hard nor So great a Sea - could hardly Sleep for the Ships rolling for she did roll most Tremendously - it is Quite a fine day got up our TG Yards which

Transcript of a262113

we were oblige to get down Yesterday the Scarborough haild use and askd use how we all did and found them the Same as we very well hope to be at Botany bay by Tuesday next if the wind Stands Latt in to day 39–14 South

Sunday 13 For these Several day past have been all over Small pimples which Ich very much have taking a dose of Physick to day for it hope that will doe me good there have been but little wind these last 24 hours this being Sunday Kist Your dear Pictour as Usual on this day Read the Prayers lesson and Spalms for the day I wish that a fair wind would come for I long much to get ashore my beloved Betsey to have Some fish or anything fresh for I cannot eat the Salt Beef and Pork I am Quite Sick of them a good wind would carry use there in twodays it not being above 260 miles from use now Latt in to day 38.22 South our consorts in Compy

Munday 14 dreamt My Beloved Betsey that I was Made a First Lieut and when I told it you, you Cryd on which I took You in my fond arms and gave you a fond kiss Geo Ventor was who inform me that he had Received a letter from Mr. Martine where he informed him that I and two more were made first Lieuts. I wish to God that it was so my Tender woman for Your Sake and that of our dear Boy's dreamt also Something about Capt. O'Dotherty but dont Recollect what it is it has fell Quit Calm Since four oClock this morning - I was in hopes that we would have been able to have Seen the land this Evening but Since the wind has left use we will not drew Yesterday one Gallen and a half of Rum from the Stewart being part of my Allowance which I have Bottled up and will draw the remainder what is due to me to Morrow thank God (10 oClock) there is a little Breeze come hope it will help use along although it is not So fair as it was Yesterday afternoon it is very warm to day Latt in to day 36–41 South So that we have only 161 miles of Latt to goe to Botany and a few of Longd. this Breeze which we have got from the Eastward would Just carry use in to the Bay or harbour being a fair wind in the Physick which I took Yesterday has done me a great dele of good I wish that I had a pice of a goose I would much reather Sitt down to it than the dinner which I am going to partake of today Pease Soup and Pork and Rice puddon I am Quite tired of them all a great number of fish Seen about the Ship amonst the number a very Ugly one which the Sailors call devil fish

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Tuesday 15

dreamt last Night My Beloved Alicia that I was with You in strange Place and that I long for a Goose but could not get any but You Sent my dr. woman and got me Some Mutton chops - I hope to God that you or our dear Boy are not ill for if you Recollect You often told me that dreaming of Meat or Eating was a Sign of Sickness - I hope to God that it may not be So - a fine day got up early but no land in Sight and have Stood the Same way - 10 oClock the agent made the Signal for Seeing the land - Saw it Soon after from the deck right a head - it appears very high land - 12 oClock close in with the land by the charts it is Cape Dromadary about 138 miles to the Southward from Botany Bay - can See the Trees very plain on the Shore - I wish it was Botany - Latt in 36–18 South - have gone only 23 miles last twenty four hours to the Northward the wind being So much against use it cannot be worse - 1 oClock the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to Tack - Tacked and hove too to Sound and found the depth of Water 30 fathom fine Sandy Bottem with Shells and Small Stones - got my camp Table finished this afternoon for which I am very Glad - gave one of the Marines a Glass of Grog for Eight half pennys to make me Som hingens for my Tea caddy's - two of Seamen Sick being the only that may be cald Sick and they are not very bad thank God we have been Remarkably lucky having been So healthy he has been very good to use - at 6 PM the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to keep near him - a great manney Porpoises a long Side the Ship hope it will be a Sign to that the wind is going to change

Wednessday 16 Sleep remarkably bad from the Ships picthing So much - dreamt that Poor Reynolds was dead - I hope that there is nothing going a miss with him Poor fellow - dreamt also that I Saw Mr. Hartwell who also told me that Reynolds was dieng at Sallys at the Coffy house - little wind and that as bad a wind as blows - at 9 the Signal made to Tack Ship and Stand in shore - at 10 the Signal made to Tack Ship again for the wind heads use on this Tackd - at 12 the Signal for Tack Ship again the wind is it Seems to be against use let use Stand on what Tack we will - I wish to God my lovely woman we had got to Botany we dont lay Better upon this Tack than NW and be W: the wind cannot be worse than it is at present - it being cloudy had no observ. to day it is become Quite a Calm

Thursday 17 it thundered an Lighning very much last night and never Saw So havey rain - it began at 6 oClock in the Evening & continued untill 11 the fell calm from blowing almost a hurrican - dreamt that Your Sister Mary and I were at the Prince George in Plymh. but I dont know how She or I come there but She was drest like a Servent Girl - I hope Poor Girl she is as well as I wish her - then She wont be bad of my dear Betsey - it is quit a calm

Transcript of a262115

and the Sun is Remarkable hott - I wish to God that a fair wind would come for 12 hours then we would be at Botany - we have been Sett away to the Southward Since the day befor Yesterday 15 miles So that we are that much father from Botany than we was then - Latt in to day 36–33 South - Got a dale box made to hold my Butter flys for you my dear woman - thank God that we have got a fair wind - hope it will remain So Untill the day after to morrow

Friday 18 dreamt by beloved Alicia that I was walking with You and that you was in Your Riding habit then Mrs. and Mr. Kempster was with use but I Soon after lost You and So I did them - oh my dr. woman when Shall I be able to here from You - oh my Tender Betsey what would Your fond Ralph give for a letter from You my dear Beloved wife I must not think too much about it otherwise I Shall be besides myself - fine Breeze and that as fair as it can blow and the day not So very hott as it was Yesterday and the day before - Latt in 35–34 - The Scarborough haild use and askd use how we all did told them as Usual all well - at Six oClock P.M. the man at the Mast head cald out for Seing the land on the L.Bow - made the Signal to the other Ships which they Answerd - Saw the land Soon after from the deck but not very plain - one of the Sheep poor thing is So Wek that She could not bring forth her lamb So that they were oblige to take them away by force and the[y] were both dead - I am Surprize that any of the Sheep are alive for the[y] have had nothing for these Several days past but water and flouer - I hope we will get in to morrow as much for my own as there Sakes poor things - 1p[m] the Agent made our Signal to Speak use - Soon after 2 haild use to know how the land Bore Answerd W:N:W: - Spoke to Balmain and Sharp and found them all well

Saterday 19 Got up very Early to See the Land which was very near use - thank God that there was a fine Breeze - 9 oClock Saw the Supply Brigg in Botany Bay at Anchor - Saw at 10 oClock a great maney of Natives of Point Solander as it is cald to which we went very near which is the South Point as we goe in to the Bay - Saw also a great manny on the North Shore - at past ten came to ane Anchor and found riding neer the Supply Who only had got in Yesterday at 2 oClock - the Supplys Boat came on board with Some hay for the Sheep which I am very Glad of for the

Transcript of a262116

Poor Sheep that had her Lambs taking from her died in the night - the Supply Boat has been on Shore often had intercourse with the Natives who the[y] Say are very friendly but I will not trust them - thanks to my good and Gracious God for his kindness to your Ralph in preserving me in health and welfare and from the dangers of the Sea and has brought me Save to the place of our destination - oh my Beloved Betsey return thanks and Prayers to him for his kindness to me and I hope that he will be - friend me still - I cannot Say from the appearence of the Shore that I will like it the only thing I ask is that it may be a healthy place - Capt M went on board the Scarborough where he Staid all day - Lieut J Johnstone came on board to See me and Staid to Tea - caught a great manny fish -

Sunday 20 Kist Your dear Imaged as Usual on this day and read the Prayers as usual on dito - Sent a Copl. and four men on shore on duty and Capt. M and the doctor return long after I was in bed and Capt. M a little gone - he informed me that it was Majr. Ross orders that ane officer Should constanty be on deck Day and night which will be hard duty for Faddy and me but Since it is So I will doe it with the greater Pleasure - at 9 oClock the Supply made the Signal for the fleet - Soon after Saw them in the offing coming in which the[y] did - Soon after all the Ships which beloning to the fleet which we parted compy. - thank God the[y] are all come Save - haild the P. of Wales and Charlott and ask the Lads on board how the[y] did answerd all well - I also haild the Lady Penryn and found them on board there well - a very fine day - it is not resolved on what Side we Shall Settle Yet - I wish the[y] were a little quick about it - Robt. Sidaway was put out of Irons this day

Munday 21 a very fine day - Capt M and Mr. F went fishing at day light and Staid all day - Lieut J Johnstone came on board with order for me to goe on Shore with a Party of Men consisting of ten and Sergt. and brought with him four tents which I am to pitch by day light and to See the orders put in force for which See the orderly Book - caught but very little fish - it is remarkably hott what must it be on Shore if it is So here

Transcript of a262117

Tuesday 22

Lieut Long come on board with orders from Majr. Ross to countermand the orders of my going on Shore this morning According to the orders of Yesterday - a very hott day - Mr. F went on Shore with Lieut King of the Sirius to Show him the place wher Capt M and him Yesterday - Capt. M. went out of the Ship Early this morning and dined out - orders came on board for to hold the men beloning to Capts. Campbells and Tenchs companies to hold themselfs in readyness to Land to Morrow Morning Early - the Commondor went out Yesterday to Brocking Bay about 6 Leagues to the northward to See if there is a better place for use to Settle and more water than there is here - he is not Yet Returnd I Believe he will tonight - the Doctor went on board the Scarborought and Alexr. and I am left here by my self to think the more over your Virtueus my dear Betsey may the great God Bless you

Wednessday 23 went on board the Scarborough with Arendell to Breakfast there - from that went on Shore with him and Davey to the South Shore where the[y] intend to make the Settlement where we Saw Majr. Ross - Walk a great way in the country use three and Willm.[?] but did not See any of the Natives - after walking a great way Sat down to dinner with what we had brought with use when Arundell by Accident run the Kniff throu his hand - I bound it up & Stopd the Blood - I hope that the Comr. will find out a better place at Port Jackson for use to Settle for if we are oblige to Settle here at the Place they intend there will not a Soul be a life in the course of a Year - the Comr. is Returnd as the Boats are comming in - returned on board the Scarborough where we Staid Supper then Returned on board - thank God that we are to Remove to port Jackson and not Stay here at Botany Bay - the Comr. Says he would not wish for a better place to Settle at than at Port Jackson both healthy and a pleasent Spot - I wish that we may find it So

Thursday 24 how I am disapointed for this morning the[y] Said that theer were two Ships or Supposed from England - I was my beloved wife that the[y] were from England but the Comr. Says that the[y] are two French Ships on discoverys in the South Seas - I though[t] to have had a letter before now from You - this Morning

Transcript of a262118

the wind is against them the[y] will not be able to come in - when will I my beloved Betsey be able to here from You I Sometimes think never - oh Terrible thought Such thoughts will Soon bring me to my Grave - Capt. Shea and Balmain dinned on board of use and Sharp came on board to Tea and Staid Supper - orders came on board for which See the orderly Book

Friday 25 gott under way about 5 oClock in the morning but was obliged to bring too again as was the rest of the Ship could not get out of the Bay otherwise this would be a fine wind for use to Port Jackson we would get there in a few hours with this wind in 3 hours - I am very happy my Betsey that we are not to Stay here and So near going for if we had staid here it would have been the Grave of all of use - the Strang Sails not in Sight - this is a fine wind if the[y] intend to come in here - Sent two corporals away on board the Charlotte According to orders of Yesterday and 4 convicts on board the Sarborough by Majr. Ross's orders who came on board after we had gott all in [?] for that purpose was obliged to come to an Anchor as was all the rest of the Ships the wind blowing So hard that we cannot get out - the Comr. in the Supply gott under way again this forenoon and got out - it blows very hard and a great Sea rolling into the Bay

Saterday 26 had the first and Morning watch last night - Since it is Majr. Ross's orders that the officers Shall keep watch I am resolved to keep it - let others doe as they think proper for I should not wish to get into any Scrape which I otherwise Should if I did not keep watch according to orders - at 6 in the morning Saw the two Strange Ships comming but find that there are french by there coulours but cannot Say Where from the[y] were last or where the[y] are bound too but Suppose that the[y] are the Ships that Saild on discoverys from france - at 8 oClock gott under way as did all the Ships and the two french Ships came to an Anchor - the[y] are much larger than any of our[s] - both kings Ships the one having a broad pennent and the other a comon at the M T G M H - little wind in the narrows going out there being little wind and the place very narrow and the wind Quite

Transcript of a262119

against use - the Prince of Wales and us got foul of each other they carried away our Jibb Boom but what dammadge we did her I cannot Say as I did not lick it I was affraid that we would both have being driven on Shore as the blow fresh - Soon after the Charlotte ran foul of use and Shooke use very much - I was more frightend than I was When the prince of Wales was foul of use - if it had not being by the greatest good luck we Should have been both on Shore on the rocks and the Ships must must have been all lost and the greater part if not the whole on board drownd for we Should have gone to pices in less than a half of an hour but how good the Almighty is to use - I return him my most Sincer prayers for his Kindness to use - thank god we have got clear out as hav all the Ships and hope to be in the course of a few hours at Port Jackson as it is a fine fair Breeze - as we run along the Shore Saw a great number of firess and a few Natives - blessed be to God that we have got Save to ane Anchor in one of the finest harbours in the world - I never Saw any like it - the River Thames is not to be mentioned to it and that I thought was the finest in the world - this Said port Jackson is the most beautiful place - I cannot compair any think to come nearer to it than about 3 miles above Saltash to the Wair - here we make the Ships fast to the Trees on Shore both sides of Governours Cove - we are about 5 miles from the entrance - found all the Ships here at anchor -

Sunday 27 Kist your dear Pictour as Usual on this day and read the lessons for the day - order came on board for which See the orderly Book - my dear wife - Sent the men beloning to Capt. Tench Company on board the Charlotte to be landed from ther - dinned by myself all the rest dinned out - I am Quite charmed with the place - oh that if you was only here and our dear Boy my Alicia I Should not wish to come home if the place agreed with our health but without you I would not Stay if it was the best place under the face of heaven no that I would not my dear Beloved wife for without you I cannot live. The Tents look a prety amonst the Trees - I hope to be on Shore to morrow if Please good

Transcript of a262120

Munday 28

Got up early this morning and Sent all the Convicts on Shore except them that were Sick - thank God that the[y] are all out of the Ship hope in God that I will have nothing to doe with them any more - at 10 Debarkt with all the [other?] Marines and there Baggage Except my own - I never Saw So much confusion in all the course of my life as there was in the three compys. disembark - after I had Pitchd it twice but thank God I Sleept very well but reather cold - I and Tom davy are in a Markee - we let Lieut Timming lay his cott down and Sleep with use as he had not his gott up

Tuesday 29 got early this morning and had nothing for Breakfast Except a Pice of Biscuit and a drink of cool water - remarkably hott - Wednesday 30

Employd in getting my things on shore gott all but my Box of Shot - remarkably hott here - I am my Beloved Alicia with all my farm Stock consisting of 2 hens and one Piggs hope that it will multiply fast with the Assistance of God - I hope that I will doe very well - I am for Guard to morrow

Thursday 31 what a Terrible night it was last of thunder lighting and Rain - was obliged to get out of my tent with nothing one but my shirt to Slacking the tent Poles - dreamt of You my dear Sweet woman and that I was in bed with you and that I dreamt also that I was very Angry with You and that I wanted to run Kempster throu for a Breach of Friendship — remarkably hott have nothing to Sleep but a Poor Tent and a little grass to Sleep on - Several of the convicts have Run away - one or two of them have Come back having been to Botany Bay to See if the French Ships which we left there would take them but the[y] would [not] - I hope the Governour will make ane Example of Some of them - Sent for Stephen Mullot and gave him a glass of Rum and water on our dear Aunt Hawkings Sake - my Belove Betsey gave also one Smith what I left at dinner because he came from dock and Know Aunt Hawkings - Meridith came over and Staid with me and then Sent me my dinner - the[y] are getting up the Govenours House as fast as the[y] can

Feby. Friday 1st Capt. Meridith and Davey came over last night and Staid Supper with me — Meridith Sent me some fish which I had boild - in all the course of my life I never Sleept worse my dear wife than I did [last] night - what with the hard cold ground Spiders ants and every vermin that you can think of was crauling over me I was glad when the morning came - my poor

Transcript of a262121

Poutch was my Pillow - dreamt that I was in the dockyard and that a Gentleman a stranger told me that the things that I Saw were Kempsters which he had bought as a Saile - went out with my Gun and Kild only one Parrot - the[y] are the most beatifuless birds that I ever Saw - when it is please god that I am to Return to you my dear woman I will bring Some of them home for you

Saterday 2d. got up at day light and order the men of the company to Strick there tents and pitch them about 20 Yards from the ground where the[y] first Stoode which was done in a Quarter of an hour - Davey and Meridith and I went to dine at the hospital and had a good dinner of fish - dreamt Saterday night as usual

Sunday 3 Kist your dear Beloved Image a thousand time as being your Birth day oh my God my God Send my dear wife your Servant maney Many happy Returns of this day - oh my dear Betsey the Almighty I trust in his goodness will Take care of you to make your fond Ralph the most happy and Blest man on the face of the earth - oh Spear her good Lord - I have ask Tom Davey and Meridith come and drink a Glass of Punch in honour of your Birth day my heavenly woman we are to have Prayers to day on the grass when I will call on my God to protect you more and more - Wm. Collings Breackfast with me to day - I brock one of my Goblets Yesterday which I am very Sory for but it is gone and I can not help it - had a very Good Sermon - Prayed for You and our dr. Boy my beloved Alicia god Send you your health is your affectioned Ralphies Wish

Munday 4 made Capt. M, Wm. Colling Tom davey and Tom Timins more than half and the[y] drunk health and long life you and our Boy - the convicts employed in clearing the Ground of the Trees

Tuesday 5 Nothing Exstrordinary my dr. wife - the[y] are clearing the ground as fast as they can

Wednessday 6 went out a Shooting with J Johnstone and I kild a duck, a few Small birds which with the duck I Sent to M Ross

Transcript of a262122

Thursday 7 where I went to Supper being ask my God how it did thunder and Lighting - was very much frightened for the Centinell before Majr. Ross markee while we were at Supper was knock down with it - I thought at first that he had been Struck by the lighting as he came running and making a great noise and fell flat dount at my feett but he was not hurt but I am Sorry to find that by the very hard clap of Thunder the lightning Struck one of the Trees near where we were at Supper and Kild Six Sheep 2 Labms and one Pigg belonging to Major Ross - my 2 two Piggs were not above Two Yards from the place - above all the Places in the world this is the most terrible for thunder and lightening - there has not a day gone over our heads but ther has been Seveer thunder and Lighting - got up very early to dress as the Govenours Commissions and the other officers were read to day - all the Battalion were under arms and all the convicts attended - I never herd of any one Single Person having So great a Power in Vested in him as the Govenour has by his commission - all the officers dinned with him on a cold collation but the Mutten which had been kild yesterday morning was full of maggots nothing will keep 24 hours in this country I find

Friday 8 Capt. Shea Kild to day one of the Kankeroos it is the most curiest of annimals that I ever Saw - confined one of the convicts for Stricking John West one of the drummers and abusing the Drum Major - the Same weather thunder and lightening

Saterday 9 Satt my dear wife as one of Members of the court Martial to troy Prisoners when Brimage was Sentanced to Receive 200 lashes on his bare back for stricking one of the convict women because She would not goe up in the woods with him and to X - also Sentanced Green both marines one hunder lashes for been drunk on Guard but recommend him to the commanding officer [for mercy?]

Sunday 10 mounted the Govenours Guard to day by which I could not attend prayers but kist your dear Pictour as Usual on this day - was very much frightened by the Lightening

Transcript of a262123

Sunday 10 as it brock very near my as I was Sitting in my tent on Guard - it is nothing else but the Lightening that has burnt all the trees but it - my dear woman I return my God thanks that You did not come out for I should have gone mad if you for fear that the lightening would have hurted you or our dear boy - I could not Stay longer than the three Years for the world - I wish that I could get home now I should goe mad for you would be so frightened with the thunder and Lightening

Munday 11 Several of the convicts were married Yesterday and amonst them that were have left wives and familes at home - a good God what a Seen of Whordome is going on there in the womans camp - no Sooner has one man gone in with a woman but a nother goes in with her - I hope the Almighty will keep me free from them as he has heather to done but I need not be affraid as I promised you my Tender Betsey I will keep my word with you - I never will have any thing [to do with ?] any woman what ever except your Self my dear wife I will be true to my Betsey my love for you will keep me So - was Summonds to attend the criminal court to day as being an Evidence against the Man whom I confined on the 8 inst for Stricking the drumr. - to day was the first time that I ever took ane Oath - the court was composed of Capt. Colling a Judge Advocate Capt. Hunter Lieuts. Ball and Bradly Navy Capts Shea and Meridith and Lieut Creswell marines - I dont know what the centance is - the Same weather as before fine Morning but terrible Evening

Tuesday 12 went to here the Sentence read over the Prisoner - the man that I confined was found Guilty of the whole charge and Sentance to Receive 150 lashes on his bare back - the other for Stealing (Hill that came out in our Ship) a little Bread to be send to a Small Island at the mouth of the harbour in Irons for Eight days on bread and water - the other for Given

Transcript of a262124

Tuesday 12 the man Received his punishment accordent to his centance and the marines were punished last Evening Accordent to theres but Green was forgiven - the Patroles caught 3 Seamen and a Boy in the womans camp and the[y] were drumd out of our the male convicts and woman camps - the Boy was the handsomest that I ever Saw Except our dear Boys - the Majr. Sent for one of the womens peticoats and put it on the Boy who cut the droles appearents that I ever Saw - I hope this will be a warning to them from coming into the whore camp - I would call it by the Name of Sodem for ther is more Sin committed in it than in any other part of the world -

Wednessday 13 dreamt my Belovd Betsey that I was with you and that I thought I was going to be arrested and that You was in the greatest concern for me that could be - I also after dreamt that I thought that you was Sitting on a Stool and that I did [illegible] you my dear wife - I also Saw old Nanny I hope in the great God that there is nothing the matter with you my Tender Alicia or that of our dear Boy - oh how long will it be before I Shall here from you - Whome I only breath for - may our Gracious God Protect you and Preserve is my Sinceer wish - all the officers went and herd the Govenours and Judge Advt. commissions read - I never herd So great a power in vested in any man as there is in the Govr. - Capt. Tench Spoke to the Govr. by the disire of all the Officers conserning the different duties that has been put on use and hope that he would Back our representation to the King of being payd for the Exstra duties that in which he said he would with all his intrust after which Pouldon and Collins

Transcript of a262125

and Self went out a Shooting - lost Pouldon in the woods and fell in with J: Johnston - I did not burn powder although I Saw a great manny Kankeroos - Returnd and William Collins and Self Satt down to dinner - drumd out to day four more Seamen beloning to the Transports the Same as the others - it Raind very hard for about ane hour this afternoon - Pouldon at last found his way after much diffictulty and Quite [wet through ?]

Thursday 14 very cold this last night - I wish that it would Remain So my dear Beloved Alicia then we would not have So much thunder and Lightening as we have had when the wind comes from the Northward - I wish that it would remain as it is at Present to the Southward - this morning Early Saild His Majs. Brigg Supply with Several Male and famele convicts to Norfolk Island Under Lieut King of the Navy to Settle there - Lieut King is appointd Govenour of the Same Island - there are no Inhabitance on the Island - Mounted Guard (the Rear) - a fine day - Gave Stephen Mullot Some Grogg and Meat on our dear Aunt Hawkings Account - God Bless her dear woman because She is So like our dear Sweet heavenly Mother whome there is not the least manner of doubt but that She is now in heaven - if ever ther was a good woman She was one -

Friday 15 very much fatigued was up late and again at three oClock to goe the Rounds - Supped with Majr. Ross - the Governor is gone father up the Harbour and a party of men with him with two days provisions - Capt. Shea Shot a nother Kankeroos which had a Young one which he has also brought in - the[y] are the most Exstradinory animal that I ever Saw for the[y] have a Pocket at the bottom of ther Belly where the[y] carry ther Young in case of danger wher the [Tites?] comes - the first I Kill I will have it Stouft and Sent home to You my dr. Beloved Alicia - one of the convict women was floggd at the carts Tail for Stealing from a nother convict woman - also Bennet that came out on our Ship was flogd for the Same crime - Pouldon Servant

Transcript of a262126

Friday 15 who went out a Shooting with Creswell yesterday Morning and lost himself he is not Yet come in - You cannot conceive my dear woman what a woody country this is and all the Trees are burn - Everybody Supposes it is from the Lightening which now begin to think my Self - I hope that the Almighty will preserve use from it and restore my to you my dear beloved and heavenly woman is my constant wish -

Saterday 16 went out a Shooting Soon after Breackfast and Took Copl. Goff with me who was very near blowing his hand of as I gave him my Fuze to Shoot with - in firring at a Cocka Too it burst in the Barral but thank God it did not hurt him - I only Shot one Cocka Too - the[y] are most beautiful bird - I hope to God to be able to get Some alive to carry home with me for you my dear wife - after dinner went in the boat with Meridith up the harbour and Shot a few Parrokits - went to bed Early -

Sunday 17 this being the Lords day Got up early and kist your dear Sweet Image as usual on this day - Major Ross Send down to ask me I would be so good as to let the Govenour have our Markee to Take Scacerment in which I could not refuse and I am happy that it is to be in my Markee - never did it Receive So much honour - oh my God my God I wish that I was fit to take the Lords Supper - when it Pleases him that I return home the first thing that I will doe Shall be it with you my dear Betsey - I will keep this Table also as long as I live for it is the first Table that ever the Lords Supper was eat of in this country - Pouldons Servant is this fore noon come in after wandring the country up and down - my Tooth Pains me very much

Munday 18 was very ill with the Tooth eack all last night - got up early and went to the Hospital and had it puld out Buy Mr. Consident - oh my God what pain it was it was So fast in and the Jaw bone very fast to one of the prongs the Tooth would not come out without breacking the Jaw bone which he did - I thought that half of my head would have come off - there is a piece of the Jaw bone remaining to the Tooth - the Pain was So

Transcript of a262127

Munday 18 great my dear wife that I fainted away and was very ill the remainder of the day but I could not let Consident report to Majr. Ross that I was ill but would goe on Picket - my gum Keep Bleeding all the day

Tuesday 19 having the Picket lay with my cloaths on and had but little Sleep as my Jaw paind me very much but in the course of the little I did Sleep I dreamt that I was with you my Tender woman and I thought that I Saw Your head was drest out and Small Sparks of fire in your hair that you often told me was Malice — I hope to god that you are only well and that of our dear Boy and I don't cear for any bodys Malice — went on Guard over the Governors to day wher I have done nothing but thinking of You and our dear Son — oh my beloved Betsey oh my dr. woman how tenderly I love you both — my face very much Sweld and the Pain at times very great — the Govr. told me that the indians had gone to the number of 20 over to the Island wher the Sirius Gardian and where there is only 3 men and the half had come up and were very Kind to the three men while the others Stole what the[y] could lay there hands on but one of the men Seing them carring of ane Axe and Spade he fired at the man that had the Spade with small Shot and struck him about the legs when the[y] dropt the spade but the[y] carried of the other things — they are the Greatest thefs that ever lived — I think that we are in a fine stat we brought nothing but thefs out with use to find nothing but thefs

Transcript of a262128

Wednessday 20 got but little Sleep on Guard my Jaw paind and dose now very much and Bleeds every now and then a fresh — the Governor askd Me to Breackfast but my face is so much Sweld that I would not goe — was in a great passion with Ellis a bout his Stupidness — he is the most Stuppid Mortal that I ever Saw but I believe him to be honest which is a great thing and am much attached to him for being So tender to our little Boy dear Sweet fellow when he was at home with him — I wish that I was now with you and him my adorable Alicia I Should be the most happiest man living on the face of the earth — three of our Men were Punished about going to these d…… B……. of convict women they will bring our men into manny Such Troubles — Green that was forgiven the other day was one of them who Received a 100 Lashess and McDonal and Godfray 50 each — the two last came out with me — one Male and one Famele Convict died at the hospital — the French Abby came from Botany Bay and three other Frenchmen to the Govenors —

Thursday 21 my Face Still very much Sweld and at times Bleeds very much — the French Aby came and lookd at my Betseys Butter flys and other insext and he admirers them very much — went out with Capt. Tench and Meridith in his boat up the harbour a Shooting and it came on to blow pretty hard which made it late before we Returned —

Friday 22 the French Men went to Botany this morning he wished much one of my Grass hoppers but I could not think of Parting with any thing that belongs to you my dear Alicia — Remarkably warm to day and hardly any wind — it looks much if it would thunder to day I hope not — my hands very Soor from rowing which I never did before last Saterday

Transcript of a262129

Saterday 23 Nothing Exstrodinary to day — Employed in writing out the orders Since we came on Shore

Sunday 24 dreamt that I was with Kempster at a Sale last night my beloved — this being Sunday Kist your dear Pictour as Usual on the Lords day — Sleep in my coaths all night as having the Picket and have mounted the Qr. Guard this morning So that I shall be obliged to Sleep in my cloaths to night again — it reather hard duty thank God I am very well So I dont much care it will prevent me from running a bout Some — by being on Guard to day prevented attending Divine Service but I will all the Same call on our God for his protection Still and Return him my thanks for his Kindness —

Munday 25 dreamt that I was with You my beloved Alicia and that you not very well — to day two of the women Shot at to day by the Centinells because the[y] would not come back when the[y] cald to them but nether of them I am Sorry to Say are hurt — having not had my cloaths of for these 48 hours I shall goe to Bed Soon to night as I have taking Pouldons Guard who is going to Botany Bay and it look very Awfull — I never Saw a Skiy look So revengful as it dose now — I am affraid that we will have a Terrible night of Thunder and Lightening as it begines to thunder and Lightening arready — Several of the convicts wair Punished and two Seamen beloning to the Transport for given Rum to the convicts —

Tuesday 26 it came on to blow Remarkable hard Soon after I went to bed — I was very much frightened from the wind throu the hollow Trees and thunder it made a Terrible Sound close to our Markee — there was a most darring Robberry comitted by taking away 18 Bottles of wine out of a Tent beloning to the Contractor — this day the comisary commences to Serve his Provisions which is as follows Rations for 7 days for each Marine and Male Convict Seven Pounds of Bread or in

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Tuesday 26 lieu ther of 7 Pounds of Flour — Seven Pounds of Beef or in Lieu ther of 4 lb of Pork — three Pounds of Pease — Six Ounces of Butter — one Pound of flouer or in Lieu ther of half a Pound of Rice — 2/3 of the above for the women but no Spirrits —

Wednesday 27 a Criminal court Sits to day for the Trayer of Such Prisoners as may be brought befor them — amons the Number to be tryd is two that came out of the Ship with me Heny. Lovell and one Ryan — at 1 oClock there Centance was read the charge being clearly Proven of their Stealing Butter Pease and Pork — Thomas Barrit Heny. Lovell Josh. hall and Ryan the three former Received Centance of death and the Latter to Receive 300 Lashes — at 5 oClock PM the Battalion was order under arms for the centance of the Land to be put into Excution and soon after we mach to the place of Execution which was a Tree between the male and female convicts Camp — at a Quarter after 5 the Unhappy men wair brought to the place of Where the[y] were to Suffer when after the Parson had done prayers with them — the Provos Martial put the halter a bout the neck Thos. Barret and he mounted the Ladder — from his going I dont think that he had the least thought that was to Suffer but when the Provos Martial put a handkerchiff a bout his head he turned as white as a sheet — when Soon after the Ladder was puld from under him and he Lanched into the other world without a gron — from every Account he was a great Rascall — the other two Lovell and Hall wair Respited Untill to Morrow — after Barret had hung the usuall time he was cut down and put into a Grave near the Tree by Some of the convicts — am to Mount the Picket to night and to Morrow for Guard — So God Bless you my Alicia —

Thursday 28 My God what a Terrible day this has been of Rain — I never Saw that I Recollect it Rain harder — at three oClock the Battalion as Under Arms for to put the Centance of the Law into Execution of Hall and Lovell who wair Respited by the Governor Yesterday Untill to day — at 4 oClock I brought them with the Gd. to the place wher the[y] wair to Suffer the Same wher ther companion did Yesterday — after the Prayers the Judg. Advocate brought a pardon from the Governor to the Majr. for them on Conditiones of their Being Banished

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Thursday 28 Which they Accepted of and the other that was to Received the 300 Lashes was also forgiven the whole of the Convicts Sent a petition to the Governor beggins that the[y] might be forgive and not to Suffer death the[y] also promised that not one amongst them he would have reason to find falt with the Governor on which he Pardond them all the time it rained if heaven and earth was coming together Ryan his Irons was taking of and dismissed to his work again but Lovell and Hall wair taking with me to the Guard Hall on his way back told me what the man had Sworn too was nothing but the truth poor Wm. Collins Still very ill have attended him ever Since he has been ill My Beloved Alicia for he is a great favourite of mine and I think Betsey I am endebted to him from the [illegible] we Received from his father while in the Barracks dined with Majr. Ross to day who also behaves very Kind to me have not had my cloaths of Since last Saterday have eather had the Gd. or the Picket

Friday 29 the Criminal Court Still Sitting Since Wednesday and trying the 3 three men for Stealing the wine Munday[?] and two others for Stealing 15 allowances of flouer Geoe. Wittiker, Danl. Gordon and Jno. Williams two black men the former wair aquited of the charge about the wine but the two later Received Centance of death and to Suffer at four oClock this Evening one Shearman and one Freeman wair found Guilty the former in part and to Receive corporal Punishment but the latter found Guilty of the whole for which he is to Suffer death at the Same time the Battalion was order under Arms at a Quarter befor four oClock and we Marchd to the place of Execution Soon after the four Unhappy men brought down by the Guard and with halters about their Neck when the Parson had done with them Majr. Ross told them from the Petition of Yesterday that the Governor had also Pardond Gordon on his Condition of being Banishd which you may think Accepted and the other Black who was concerned with Gordon was also Pardond on the Same Conditions and Freeman was also Pardond on Condition of his becoming the common hangman which he accepted Shearman who was concernd with freeman was also forgiven his corporal punishment but the whole of the convicts wair told that the Governor would never Pardon or Receive any

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1788 Friday 29 more Petitions from them I think after his goodness the[y] ought to behave now well but I am almost certain that befor I am a fortnight older Some of them will be brought to tryal for Capital offences My dr. Betsey Poor Colling is Still very ill as dangeresly ill as he can be—

Saterday March 1st. I Supped with Mr. White the Surgeon and Capt. Collins who is very kind to your Clark Betsey White made me drink Several Glasses of good old Port after Supper as I complaind to him that I had a great Pain in my Bowells and that I was affraid that I was going to have the Same disorder that Poor Colling has the Flux but thank god I am much better and Collings is the Same which I am very Glad I had a goodnights Rest last night which I can Say that I have not had Since last Saterday not having Sleep out of my cloaths before I intend going Soon to Bed to night as I am again for Gd. to Morrow Several of our Men taking bad with the Flux which is from the Rainey weather we had the other day and if we dont get hutted Soon we will all be in our Graves befor we think of hutting this is a very fine day Removed my Markee to another place dont like the Ground it appears to me if it was damp I am glad to See in to days orders that the Battalion is orderd to be the habour this Morning and the[y] are not Yet Returnd —

Sunday 2d. Kist your dear Pictour as usual on this day the Man that went with Capt. M and Arrundell Yesterday Returnd late last night without Capt. M or A and Says that he did not See or heer of them after they landed and that he Staid untill 9 oClock at night before he came away Majr. Ross Sent for me at day light to goe and See if I could See or heer any thing of M and A he orderd one of the Transports Boats to attend me I went to the place wher the[y] landed wher the fire is Still Burning that the man Said the[y] made at this landing I went a little way in the wood and Blow the Buggal horn but could heer nothing of them So I Returnd to the camp a bout one oClock wher I found that the[y] had come in the[y] had lost ther way in the woods and could not find wher the

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place was again so that [they had to stay there] all night the[y] are both much [fatigued and at the time were] very much frightend Poor Collins very ill he has beg of me to Change Tents with Maxwell Untill he gets well for he cannot bear me to be away from him a Moment which I have agread to I am not well my Self to day my dear Alicia hope I will be better to Morrow —

Munday 3 went on the Govers. Guard to day have got a little gripping hope it will goe of the Govenr. Game or huntsman Shot a Remarkably large Bird to day as bigg as ane Ostrich the Govenr. went away to Broking Bay Yesterday Morning he has taking 7 days Provisions with him and a party of men I Suppose to See if it will doe as a place of Banishment of them that are order from here as it is about 20 mile to the Northward of this

Tuesday 4 I am Much worse than I was Yesterday gripd very much Poor Collings growing worse every day —

Thursday 6 Tuesday the moment almost that I was Returnd I was obliged to goe to bed I was so ill my dear wife and Yesterday I never was out of my bed I was affraid that I Should have caught the disorder that Collings has got but thank God I am much better to day but I Shall take very great cear of my Self Collins is much better and is Removed on board the Sirius for the benifit of the Air and I am again Removing my own tent I will not again Remove out from it for it was by that that I caught this illness Still I have a great pain in my Bowels but I hope only for Your Sake and that of our Sweet Plege of our Love that I will in the course of three or four days be Quite well again I ought never to be ill for my thinking makes me worse than my disease but it is impossible but to think of You dear heavenly woman and of our Dear Son dear woman and heavenly Boy —

Friday 7 a little better to day Arundell gave me Some Stuff which works me both ways but it has done me a great dele of good every body tells me that I look very

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Friday 7 pale I think so my Self and that I am falling away but I trust to God that I Shall be able to make up for it in a few days my beloved woman Capt. Shea went to Botany Bay Yesterday and is not Returnd 5 oClock PM find my Self great Better hope it will Remain So my Alicia —

Saterday 8 almost Quite well hope in God I will be so to Morrow herd from the Sirius that Collings much better I am Glad for it Capt. Shea Returnd late last night Said that the french Ships are ready to Sail and will to Morrow or Next day the french men Say that the[y] have often been obliged to fire on the Natives for that the[y] are become Most dearing and troublesome I have not my dr. Alicia Seen one Yet herd from Collins to day who is much better but weak that he cannot Sit up in bed Poor fellow

Sunday 9 dreamt a great dele about You my beloved Alicia and good Aunt Hawkings and Kempster I hope to god that you are all well Kist your dear Pictour as Usual on this day Read the lessons and prayer for the day ther being No Church the Parson being ill dinned at the Hospital with Arundell this day 12 Months is the day that I Embark on board the Transport my dear wife I wish to God that I never had how I long to be back again to You and our dr. Boy

Munday 10 dreamt that I was at the Barracks and that the room we had Betsey were all on fire and every in the great confusion Quite well have given in my name for duty So that I am for Guard to Morrow Sat as a Member of the C M to Tray Davey and other Marine for bringing each a Convict woman in to ther tents in the camp and are Centenced to receive Each 150 Lashes the Governour Returnd late last night and all the party in good health which I am very Glad of 2 Convicts died at the Hospital.

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February 1790 Munday 15 Fine clear weather went up the Harbour in my Boat and went into Lane Cove where I was Yesterday to See Dourrawan and Tirriwan the two Natives that I exchanged the hatchet with Yesterday for there two Spears I had not gone far up the cove before I Saw the Smook of there fires for which I rowd not Seeing any thing of them I Cald to them for I was certain that the[y] could not be a great way from me the[y] Soon Answerd me I then got out of the Boat (Davis) my Convict Servant who was in the Boat with me begd of me not to goe on Shore he is one of the greatest Cowards living I cald to them again when I got to ther fire for the[y] had run into the bush on there Seing the Boat pulling towards them the[y] could See me although I could See nothing of them on there Seing that it was me who had given them the Hatchet Yesterday the[y] came down to me the[y] had left Some Muscle on the fire to roast which the[y] both begd of me to eat Some of before I left the Boat I disired Ellis and (Squirs) my other convict Servant that Should the[y] attempt to throu any of their Spears at me or them to fire without waiting for my Orders but when the[y] found that I had offerd them no harm yesterday the[y] came to me without any weapens I made Ellis, Davis and Squirs come on Shore to them Davis trembled the whole time I herd the crying of children close to me I asked them for to goe and bring me there (Dins) which is there woman and I would give there woman Some bits of different coulerd cloath which I had brought on purpose to give to them

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Munday 15 the[y] made me to understand that there were no women there I then asked them to goe and bring me down the [blank] which is their name for child Dourrawan went and brought a Boy a bout 3 Years old on his Shoulder the child was as much frightend at use as Davis was at them I then desired Tirriwan to goe and bring me down one of his children as Dourrawan informd me that he was the father of the Child he had brought down and that his woman the mother of his child was (poc) dead of the (mittayon) Small Pox Tirriwan brought also down a Boy much a bout the same age as the other Tirriwan child was not quite Recoverd from the Small Pox I asked him for his (din) he Said that She was up in the wood given a Young child the (nipan) the Breast I gave each of the children a bit of Red cloath I asked them if the[y] would give me the children for my hatt which the[y] Seemd to wish most for but the[y] would not on any account part with there children which I liked them for the Governour has often asked me as the Natives Seemd not So much affraid of me as the[y] are of every body else to take one of them and bring them in Yesterday and to day I might with great ease and without running anydanger have taken these two men but as I told Ellis when he asked me if I did not intend to take them I told him that it would be very Ungenerous to

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take them for after the[y] had place Such confidence in use that I could not think of doing it for if I had taken them both what would have become of there young children the[y] must have Starved after Staying with them for about two hours I got into the Boat and left them and went up the cove about Six miles the[y] were much affraid of our Guns I eat one of there Muscles which made me very Sick in coming back the[y] cald to use to come on shore but it begining to grow dark I wished to get home I therefore did not goe on Shore to them the[y] are very fond of asking your names I told them mine Yesterday which the[y] recollected and cald me by it to day went and drinked Tea with Majr. Ross and Capt. Campble —

Tuesday 16 Fine weather after breackfast went up the Harbour in my Boat went a little way up Lane Cove did not See the two Natives that I was with Yesterday on my way home I Saw a Native on the Shore with two Spears and a throwing Stick in his hand I cald to him and puld the Boat in towards him but the moment that he Saw that I was coming on Shore he Set of as if the Devil was after him I land and took my Gun and made Ellis and my two Convict men doe the Same after making the Boat fast and we went a little way in the wood but could not See or heer any thing of the Native on Returning back to the Boat I found the

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Tuesday 16 Skeleton of a man or Woman the Skin was Still entire on the back part of the Head and the Hair Still adhering to it which was in colour of light Brown from which I was certain that it could be non of the natives but must belong to Some Unfortunate person that was Kild by the Natives or what is much more dreadful than been Kild by the Natives that of lossing one self and perishing with hunger it Struck me as it did every body in the Boat that is must be the Skeleton of Mr. Hill a midshipman beloning to the Sirius who was either Kild by the Natives or lost in the woods I brought the head home with me and Sent it to the Hospital to See if the[y] could inform me if it was a Natives or one of the people that has been missing when it proves to be the Head of one Hill a convict that was loss from Rose Hill near a twelf month Since The Surgeons wanted for me to give them the Skull but I would not I told them that I should carry it back and collect the rest of the Bons and Bury them and the Head —

Wednesday 17 Fine modrate Weather mounted the Governours Guard to Day no person dined at the Governours to day more than usual Viz the Governour, Mr. Miller, Capt. Collins and the officer of the Guard a bout four oClock this afternoon Major Ross came over to the Guard Room to me when after a little conversation on different Subjects he put the following Questions to me Viz how I should like to goe to Norfolk Island I made him for answer not at all

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Wednesday 17 he then Said I am going I said it is impossible he Said it was very true and that there was two of the Companies to goe with him if So I shall be very happy to goe with you or Captain Campble he Said that he was much obliged to me and Should be very happy for me to goe with him he Said that he would not take Captain Campbles companies with him he Should leave him to take the command and care of the Remainder of the detachment that would be left behind You will not mention it to any body as I have not told it to any person except Capt. Campble and Your Self he Said I shall take Meridiths and Johnstones Companies with me and I am thinking of taking Lieuts Shearp, Faddy, Ross and yourself and Creswell who is ther already for I will not take any of them that was in that Court Martial nor Shall I take Meridith with me I would much reather that Some person else was going than Shearp for I doe not like him in Short he is a man that I detest from the bottom of my Soul what can be the Reason of this Great Removal it was only a few days Since that the Governour informed use that he intended to Send the Sirius to China for Provisions if there was no Ships arrived befor the 3 of next month I hope in God that Some Ship or Ships will arrive before our going to Norfolk

Cloudy Weather after I was Releved from Guard I went down to my Island to look at my Garden and found that Some Boat had landed Since I had been there last and taken away the Greatest part of a fine Bed of Onions it is impossible for any body to attemp to raise any Gardin Stuff for before it comes to perfection the[y] will Steal it I thought that having a Garden on an island it would be more Secure but I find that they even get at it my corn comes on

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Thursday 18 as well as corn can doe I have that they will be so good as to let that Remain but I am much affraid that the[y] will not Returnd to dinner at Majr. Ross's who Said I forgot yesterday when I mentioned Shearp that You and him were not on good terms for which Reason I Shall not take him with me but will askd J. Johnstone which he did in the Evening who Said that he Should be very happy to goe with him —

Friday 19 Cloudy weather after Breackfast went up the harbour in my Boat and took the Skull with me and landed at the place where I found it I collected the rest of the bons and made a grave and depositd them in it and got a Stone placed at the Head without any monumental inscription to denote to any person that may be Ranging this way whose Remains are interred under the Stone all the flesh was not quite decayed particular about upper part of the thigh as the place where I found the Skeleton and where I Buried it is a point of land in Lane Cove I have named it Skeleton point intended to have Returnd to dinner at Majr. Ross's but the day turning out very fine I went father up the Cove and collected Sweet Tea to carry with me to Norfolk Returnd home a little before Sun Sett Shot a few Paroquet Lieut Kellow came to my house Soon after my Return and Said that he would be glad to Speak a few words with me he Said that I was not a Stranger to the disagreable Situation that he has been laboring under for these 15 months past and I hope that you will not have any objections as I have asked Several of my Brother officers and who Say that the[y] have knon that of my going home Sick provisg Majr. Ross will give his consent and gives up the letter which you wrote to him in consequence of the late Captain Sheas representation

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Feby. 1790 Friday 19 and I will plege my word that the moment I arrive in England that I will goe on half Pay I made him for Answer that I was not a Stranger to the disagreable Situation that You have been in for these Several months past but you have no body to blame for brining you in that Situation but your Self and I assure you that any Service that I can be of to you I will doe it consisting with honour to myself for I doe not wish to take any mans Bread from him and if all my Brother officers will consent and Majr. Ross will give up the letter which we wrote in consequence of your conduct I have no objections he then Said I am Sensible of your good intentions towards me and I am much oblige to you for them went to Tea at Majr. Ross's after Tea Captain Campble asked me if Kellow had been at my house I told him that he had and what his business was and what Answer I had given him Capt. Campble Said that he had been Several times to him about the Same thing and I told him that if all his Brother Officers would consent to it and Majr. Ross's given up the letter which he had in his hands I had no objections He was with me again to day and Said that he had Spoke to Tench, Poulden, Fuzer and Long I asked him if he had Spoke to You he Said not Yet, I then told him that he had better doe it as Soon as You Return for You now was out in your Boat by the Genl. Order of this day I find that we are to hold our Self in readinessto Embark the 5 of next Month See the orderly Book

Saterday 20 Rainy weather begun writing a letter to my Belovd to Send by the Sirius after She has landed use at Norfolk Island but I hope the arrival of some Ship with provisions for use will prevent our going there as I find the reason of our being Sent there is that Norfolk has more Resourses in it than this place in fish and Birds for I find that there is not more from the first of next month than thirteen weeks provisions in Store god help use if Some Ships dont arrive I dont know what will

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Feby 1790 Sunday 21 Fine weather Soon after breackfast I went out in my Boat down to my Island to See my Garden and found that Some persons had been ther again and have taken away all my potatoes however the[y] are I wish that the[y] were in hell for ther kindness Returnd to dinner at Major Rosses

Munday 22d. Fine moderate weather after parade I mett with the rest of my Brother Officers at Lieut Kellows Hutt and Signd a letter to Majr. Ross the purport of which is that as Mr. Kellow Seems to be Sensible of his error and as he has given his word that the moment he Returns to England to goe on half Pay we therfor beg that he would be So good to take Suspension off under which Lieut Kellow has for Some time past labourd under and to Return the letter which was wrote by use in consequence of his conduct dinned with a party at Majr. Rosses after dinner Majr. Ross, Capt. Campble took a walk out in the country to the Banans and Returned to Tea —

Tuesday 23d. Fine weather mounted the Governour Main Guard to day no person dined at the Governors to day more than usual in the afternoon Majr. Ross came over and walk with me for near two hours —

Wednessday 24 Fine weather the day has been very warm Soon after I was Relieved from Guard this morning I met with the Rest of my Brother officers at Capt. Tenchs hutt in consequence of a messaged from Majr. Ross acquainting use that he had Received our letter Respecting Mr. Kellow but that he could not grant our Request on account of our laying a Restriction on Mr. Kellow to goe on half Pay on his Return to England (for if he Majr. Ross was to grant our Request it would he Said bring him into a Scrap with the Admiralty) we therefore agreed to take off the Said Restriction of obligin him to goe on H Pay on his arrival in England in consequence of which Majr. Ross has given up the letter which we wrote to him and the Governor has

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Feby. 1790 Wednessday 26 also Returnd Majr. Ross his letter which he wrote on his Receiving our letter by that Lieut Kellow might not be permited to doe duty with use and by to days order in consequence of our Request the Suspention that Mr. Kellow has been under is taken off and is orderd to Return to his duty in the Detachment See the orderly Book he may think himself as I doe a very lucky fellow but I am affraid that he will not long keep his promise for if he can get any Liquor he will Soon get into the Same Scrap that he has this day got out off Spent the day at Majr. Rosses —

Thursday 25th Fine clear weather but it will be very warm to day—

Friday 26 Fine moderate weather Yesterday after dinner I went up in my Boat to Rose Hill to See Timmins and Balmain Davey and Kellow went up also in (Kellows Boat) we Staid all night with them I Sleep at Sergeant Stuards who made up a very good Bed for me Kellow came up to Timmins to get the letter Signed who Returnd at Revelly Davey and Self Staid till after Breackfast who Returnd with me to dinner at Majr. Ross's in our passaged down we went on Shore at a figg Tree of which we eat a great maney all of use in the Boat they being ripe but before we got home the[y] all gave use the grips I felt it remarkable Warm on the water by the orders of Yesterday I See the officers that goes with Majr. Ross to Norfolk Island are Viz Capt. Lieut Johnstone, 1st. Lieut Kellow, Johnstone & Clark 2d. Lieuts Faddy and Ross See the orderly Book and Creswell is to Remain there So that there will be Seven of use beside Majr. Ross —

Saterday 27 Cloudy weather it Raind a little in the night and seems inclined to Rain again — Sent Ellis and my two convict Servents out in the Boat to get Sweet Tea for to carry with me to Norfolk and myself have been busie in packing up my things Sunday 28th.

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Feby 1790 Synday 28th Fine Clear & Moderate weather after Breakfast I went down to my Island to gather my indian corn but found the greatest part already gatherd to my hands Some Boat must have landed yesterday or the day befor and taking the corn away in the place of my having about Six Bushels of corn I have not now got a bove a Bushel the[y]have Stole about fifteen hunderd Cobbs of corn it is needless to vex one self about it it is gone past recovering Return to dinner at Majr. Rosses by the Genl. order of this day I find that the Governor has Remitted the Remainder of the Sentance of Transportation on John Irvin in Consequence of the unremitted good Conduct of the Said Irvin and is to be considered as Restord to all those rights and privelges which he had been Suspended In consequence of the Sentance of the Law and is appointed to be an assistant Surgeon at Norfolk Island See the orderly Book I am very glad that Irvin goes with use for I think the best Surgeon amongst them by the Battn. order of this day I See on board what Ships we are to Embark for Norfok on board the Sirius with the Commanding Officer 1st. Lieut Kellow, Johnstone & Clark and 2d. Lieut Ross on board the Supply Lieut Johnstone and 2d. Lieut Faddy Majr. Ross askd in what Ship I should wish to goe I told in that Ship he went in he Said that is the Ship I should wish you to goe in —

March Munday 1st. Fine clear weather a fresh Sea Breeze all of use going to Norfolk Island (Majr. Ross Excepted) dinned with the Govenor to day by the Genl. order of this day the following order is out No officer Soldier or other Persons (those who are to Embark Excepted) are to Kill Sell or otherwise dispose of any live Stock untill further orders as Some necessary regulation will take place in a few days Sold my Boat to Davey for ten Guineas which is four less than what I gave for her and I think She is well Sold as part of payment I am to have a large Sow which is what I want for I have not got such a thing Tuesday 2d.

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March 1790 Tuesday 2 Moderate weather Sent Some of my things on board of the Sirius this morning and after dinner went on board of the Sirius with Some more of my things by the orders of to day we are to Embark to morrow afternoon half after three oClock See the orderly Book bought a nother Sow for which I gave two Guineas for gave Davey four Guineas for the Sow which he let me have She is big with Pigg.—

Wednessday 3th. Fine Moderate weather after Breakfast Sent my Cott on board with the Remainder of my things by the Orders of Yesterday the two Companies of use Embark According to the Arrangment of the 28 of Feby. we have carried the colors with use after having lodged them and Seen the Detachment in the place allotted for them on board I came on Shore again for the Night as Majr. Ross and Capt. Campble disired I would paid Every body that I am endebted to inthis part of the World I wish I could Say all over the World but I hope that I Shall have that pleasure Soon. —

Thursday 4th very fine clear weather Captain Campble made up a Bed for me after Breakfast Sent all my Stock on Board Consisting of two Sows one Cock and Six hens I have left my house in the care of Sergeant Chapman with liberty to live in it untill my Return if ever I should wont it at twelf oClock all of use that are going to Norfolk met at Majr. Ross's house and went with him to the Governors to take our leave of him after which I went on board to See my thing put to Right and order my Servant to put what things I may want on the passage to be nearest at hand in my Cabin I have parted with Ellis having had Some words with him and he Answering Shorter than I think he Should have done I told him to goe to his duty he is ane honest man for I never knew him wrong me of a Single thing in my life I shall be Sorry for parting with him dined at Majr. Ross and drank Tea after which Majr. Ross John and myself went on board as we Sail to

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Morrow as all the Convicts are come on board from Rose Hill that goes to Norfolk the Bill which I had from Davey I have left it with Captain Campble to purchas me Some Tea and Sugar and Some Soap from the first Ships that may Arrive Captain Campble has been very kind he askd me if I wanted anything that he had he would let me have it I told him I was much obliged to him he Said I no that You have not much Tea I have put up a caddy for you with Majr. Ross's he also gave me half a dozen pair of Stocking which I want very much the Sivility and friendship that Captain Campble has Shown to me I am affraid I never will have it in my power to make him a Sufficient Acknowlegement for his attention has been more like a father than a friend his and Majr. Rosses friendship to me is what I call real and Sinceer .—

Friday 5th Cloudy weather It Rain a little in the night about Six oClock this morning we got under way ther being little wind from the S:W: the Supply a little after use Captain Campble came on board to take leave of use and to Breakfast with Majr. Ross and Captain Hunter he left the Ship a little after Eight when we got as low down the Harbour as my farm Island we were obliged to come to ane Anchor for the Sea Breess Set in very Strong and there was too much Sea in the mouth of the Harbour to attemp going out Majr. Ross little John and Mr. Consident who goes with use to Norfolk as Surgeon Messes with Captain Hunter; Johnstone, Kellow and my Self Mess inthe Gun Room with the officers of the Sirius dined with Captain Hunter and after dinner went on Shore with Capt. Hunter, Majr. Ross, little John and Mr. Consident to the look out at the mouth or South Head of the Harbour Returnd on board to Tea did not Sleep well last night

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March 1790 Saterday 6th. Fine Moderate weather little wind about Six oClock got under way a great Swell Setting into the Harbour just as we came abreast of the outer South Head it fell calm and the Swell was Setting us fast to leward on the North Head which had not a puff of wind fild the Sails we should have been drove on Shore on the North Head and every body on board thought of no other but that we should if we had the Ship would have been in pices in a few minutes from the great Sea that was breaking on the Rocks and the most of use on board would have been lost but by great good fortune the puff of wind Shoved use clear out of the harbour as it did the Supply when we had got a little from under the land we Soon got a fresh Breeze from the South Ward which is a fair wind I have been very Sick all day; Sea Sick as was every body in the Ship for a few hours after we got out of the Harbour about 12 oClock we were out of Sight of the Land of New Holland could eat nothing all this day nor drink any thing except a little Tea I am a poor Soul at Sea for I am mostly alwayse Sea Sick Majr. Ross and little John have been much worse than I am I hope that it will have left me Since we have got a fair wind and a nuff of it I hope that we will Soon be at Norfolk if this wind Remains we will be there by this day week good Night my Love—

Sunday 7th. Fine weather and a good fair Breeze went by the Log Since Yesterday noon untill to day 12 oClock 148 miles Wind S:E:bS have been very Sea Sick and between decks there Such a disagreable Smell from the women that are Sea Sick that it is a nuff to Suffocate one there is [BLANK] convict women on board for Norfolk and there is not one but what is Sea Sick

Transcript of a262148

March 1790 Munday 8th. Fresh Gales Wind S:S:E: the distance that we went Since Yesterday 148 miles not So Sea Sick as I have been I hope this wind will continue with use untill we get to norfolk for if it Should we will be there in a few days expect to See Lord Hows Island to morrow the Sow which I bought from Davey Pigg this morning ten fine Piggs I hope that the[y] will all live—

Tuesday 9th. Fine clear weather with Light Breezes from the Southward at past 2 this morning came in Sight of Lord Hows Island Stood in for it after Breakfast Lieut Ball of the Supply came on board for leave to Send a Boat on Shore to See if the[y] could get any Turtles which was granted him the Land is very high but is a very Small Island not being more than [BLANK] miles in circumference the Pyramid we came also in Sight of about the Same time that we did the Island the Pyramid is distance from Lord Hows Island about fifteen miles it is the most Extrodinary pile of Rocks that I ever Saw or I may Say every was seen, it is very high Mount Gower on Lord Hows Island is very high but the Pyramid is much higher there was an innumerable number of different Sea Bird on the Pyramid as there is constantly about Sun Set we past between the Pyramid and Lord Hows Island the Supply was close in under the land about 6 oClock this Evening the Breeze freshend did not Speak the Supply to day there dont no if She has got any Turtle or not got Quit well having got the Better of my Sea Sickness —

Wednessday 10th. Fine weather with Moderate Breezes from the Northward which is Still a good wind the Supply in company who haild use and informd use that She had got no Turtles went the distance Since Yesterday noon 88 miles a great number of Birds about the Ship particular the Tropical Bird

Transcript of a262149

March 1790 Thursday 11 Fine Moderate weather with the wind N:N:W: and W:S:W: which is as fine a wind as can blow for use for our course is N70 E went Since Yesterday 133 miles I shall be very happy when I get out of the Ship for the[y] are not the most pleasent Set that I ever Saw in a Ship the[y] are quit the contrary —

Friday 12th. Cloudy weather with fresh gales from the S:W: went Since Yesterday 144 Expect to See the Land to morrow morning early hope that there will be good landing a great number of Tropical Birds about the Ship the Supply in Company—

Saterday 13 Moderate and Clear Weather wind W:S:W: about past 2 this morning came in Sight of Norfolk Island about Six Saw Phillip Island and Nepean Island Stood in for Sydney Bay Saw the colours at the higher flag Staff but no flag at the lower flag Staf from ther no flag flying there found that the Boats could not land Lieut Ball came on Board from the Supply and asked leave to goeround to Balls Bay and he would Endeavour to land there or throw a letter on Shore to Mr. King which leave was granted about Nine oClock the Supply made the Signal that there was good Landing in Cascade Bay Made Sail and Stood away for Cascade Bay about past ten hoisted the Boats out and Sent as many of the male Convicts as the[y] would carry on shore with them about past one the Boats Returnd from Landing the convicts and informd use that there was very good landing on which Lieut Kellow and my Self with as many of the marines as the Boats would hold with what things they could take were orderd into them got on Shore about half after two

Transcript of a262150

not without getting my feet wett I never landed in Such a Bad place in my life at the best of times it is very bad Landing for there is always a great Swell Round the Island and you are oblige to wait for a Smooth time to pull the Boat in to a Rock and you back the Boat in Stern formost and you are oblige to be very Quick to jump out one at a time and then the Boat puls off to Wait a nother Smooth for it is impossible for the Boat to lay along Side of the Rocks for Should a Swell come while the Boats there it would dash her to pices every body in the Boats that came on Shore when I came landed very well found on our landing Capt. Johnstone and Lieut Faddy with the party from the Supply who also got on Shore very well I was directd to inform Capt. Johnstone from Majr. Ross that he and the detachment from the Supply were to goe on to the Town and that we that came from the Sirius Should Waite Majr. Rosses coming which would be in the first Boats on which Johnstone and his party went in for the Town Soon after our landing a Boat load of Women and children came on Shore but while the[y] were landing them a Sea Brok into the Boat which frightend them very much I wonder that the Boat not lost and every body in her for the women would not Sit Still but made a terrible noise both them and ther children but the[y] all got Save on Shore after waiting Some time According to orders on the beach for Majr. Ross the Boat with Majr. Ross we Saw coming but when the Boat came near the Rock I cald to him that the tide was to hight for it had Surounded the Rock and that it would be impossible to get where we was on the beach without getting very wett on which

Transcript of a262151

he and a nother Boat full of women Returnd on board again it been now near four oClock Kellow and my Self with the People that were Landed proceed to the Town as Quick as we could the Town from Cascade is between four and five miles a very bad Road we could not march fast as the Men were loaded with what things the[y] could bring with them on Shore before we got up into the Road we had a Terriblehight hill to get up almost perpendicular the country is much thicker of wood than at port Jackson you can hardly get throu the wood it is so thick we got to the Town a little before Sun Set where in place of finding houses for the officers and Barracks for the Detachment & convicts as Governor Phillips Said that we would there is hardly places for the people that is here before use to put there heads in I was Quarterd one a Mr. Jamison one of the Surgeons mates of the Sirius who was Sent here about two Years Since on the Islands first Setteling Capt. Johnstone, Kellow & Faddy are distributed upon others the Same as I am the Detachment amongst the party that we found here and the Convicts where they Could found Creswell, King and every body very well this is I am told is a very Remarkable healthy place there having not been a Natural Death Since the Islands first Settling

Sunday 14 Fine weather after Breakfast Mr. Kellow and Self walkd to Cascade to meet Majr. Ross's coming on Shore on the Road we met a great many of the Convicts both Men and Women Particular the women that have young children Who told me that the[y] have been obliged to Sleep in the woods all night for the[y] could not get into Town, poor

Transcript of a262152

Devils how they are Kick about from one place to a nother we got to cascade about 11 oClock when Soon after Majr. Ross Came on Shore and Landed very well Lieut. Johnstone, Mr. Consident and little John came in the Boat with Majr. Ross but I think Captain Hunter might have been more Civil in Sending Majr. Ross on Shore than in the manner he did for I think that had Majr. Ross been a Convict he could have been treated wors than he was to day by Capt. Hunter in the Manner he was Shoved out of the Ship by him into a boat Loaded full with Cotts, hamocks, Hoggs, Pigs, Geese, Turkeys, Fouls &c So much that he had not room for his feet and when he landed on the Rock he was So much crampt that he could hardly Stand I Saw on Majr. Rosses Landing that he felt very much on the manner he was Sent out of the Ship but I hope Majr. Ross has too much good Sense to take any Notice of it after we got all the things out of the Boat we walk toward the Camp (or Town) on Majr. Rosses entring it all the people were assembled and gave him three cheers we all dined at Mr. Kings and after dinner we all walked out to the farm Majr. Ross and Self had a little conversation about different things He takes up his Quarters at Mr. Kings Majr. Ross on his Landing took the Command of the Island See the orderly Book Munday 15

Fine weather after dinner went over to Cascade to See if any of my things are Sent on Shore as I sent word on board by the Boat that Majr. Ross Came on Shore in for my Servant to Send my Bed on Shore as I dont feel myself comfortable where I have Sleep these two night past Majr. Ross has given the Convicts that came with use all this week to Errect themself hutts

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Tuesday 16

Fine Weather Still to much Surf on the Reef to permit the Boats to Land any thing from the Ships if the[y] were in the Bay I told Major Ross that I wished to be Quartered Some where else than at the place where I am at present when he Said that I Should be removed from Mr. Jamisons and he would make up a Bed at Mr. Kings for me untill I got my own on Shore

Wednessday 17 Blows fresh the Surf gone down much Shall expect the Ships round tomorrow as there will be good landing Sleep at Mr. Kings in the Same Room where Majr. Ross and little John we all Sleep on the ground walk after dinner over to Cascade Bay but the Ships not in Sight

Thursday 18 Blows fresh but very little Surf I wish to god the Ships would come in Sight that I might get my things So that I might have a clean Shirt to put on for the Shirt and things which I have on now are as black as the back the chimney

Friday 19 this Morning about Seven oClock the Ships came in Sight it blow fresh in the Morning but towards 9 oClock it became more Moderate a little after ten the Supply came well into the Bay and Sent her Boats with the Baggagd of the Detachment and with what Stores, Provisions &c: for the Settlement that he has onboard on Shore about 11 oClock the Sirius been well in the [bay] hoisted her Boats out and Sent them on shore with Provisions at this time She was laying too under Nepean Island Soon after She made Sail and was Endeavouring to get father out of the Bay, for She was too near the Shore, She was obliged to goe about for She could not weather the Reef of Point Ross but She mist Stays every body thought She would have been on Shore on the Reef when the[y] found that the Ship would not

Transcript of a262154

Stay the[y] wore her which She did only a few Yards from the Rock from there been obliged to wair, it only brought them So much the nearer the Shore the[y] could not Stand long this Way on account of the Reef which runs a long the Shore about 12 oClock the[y] Endevoured to put her about but She would not Stay She got in the trof of the Sea which forst her Stern formost on the Reef as the Bell rung 12 oClock She Struck when the[y] found that She Struck the[y] Cut a way all her mast gracious god what will become of use all, the whole of our Provision in the Ship now a Wreck before use I hope in god that we will be able to Save Some if not all but why doe I flatter myself with Such hopes there is at present no prospect of it except that of Starving what will become of the people that are on board for no boat can goe along Side for the Sea and her am I who has nothing more than what I stand in and not the Smales hope of my getting anything out of the Ship for every body expects that She will goe to pices when the tide comes in Soon after the Ship Struck Major Ross proclaimd Martial Law for which See the orderly Book and the Remainder of what followd in the day for I am So low that I cannot hold the pincle to write in short my pocket Book is foul and will not hold any more

Saterday 20 have been up all night as has every body in the place Soon after the Ship went on Shore trunks, Boxs beds &c what was nearest at hand was thrown over board in hopes it would float on Shore a great dele has come on Shore but as Yet nothing of mine Captain Hunter and between 30 and 40 of the people came on Shore on a graiting made fast to hauzher and the Remainder are coming on Shore as fast as the[y] can as Yet there is nobody drownd or lost I was very near

Transcript of a262155

been drownd Yesterday when I was going of on the Raft to assist the people that were coming on Shore almost drownd on of the Convict who could not Swim, fell of the Raft and pushd me along with him, in which case we Should both have been drownd if I could not have Swimd for the Raft went over use both and I was obligd to Swim back to the Shor with him holding fast to me by the waisband of my Trousers when I got on Shore he was almost dead but he Soon Recoverd on which I took a Stick out of one of the Serjeants hands and gave him a damd thrashing for pulling me of the Raft with him he better have been drown for I will give him the Same every day for this month to come that I meet him for orders See the orderly Book

Sunday 21 every body got Save on Shore Yesterday here there is above 500 hundred Souls and not above Six thousand wight of Flour in the Island to feed use with what will become of use god only knows See the Council or orderly Book for the Resolution we have Judged Necessary for the Safety of the Colony and which will be Read to every body in the Island to Morrow Several of the things came on Shore from the Ship.

Munday 22d a Eight oClock the Detachment got under arms and marchd down to the Beach where all the Seamen beloning to the Sirius and all the Convicts on the Island were Assembled according to orders when the Resolutions were Read for the Safety of the Island was Read to every body and as it would take up too much time to tender ane Oath to every body to bind them to the Resolutions it was therfore agreed passing Voluntary under the Kings Colours to be as binding in our present Situation as any Oath that Could be taking on the holy Evangelist which every body most chearfuly agreed too and every person man, woman & child in the Island did pass under the Colours Several of the Seamen got on board of the wreck who throu over board what things the[y] could get at my Trunk came on Shore with the Bottom out

Transcript of a262156

and I am affraid the greatest part of the things which were in it are lost as I have not as Yet got any of them except ane old Coat and four Shirts and I am affraid all my other things are gone the Same way as the people Say that went on board that everything that was in my Cabin the[y] throw over board if So heer I am without five Shirts a Waiscoat a pair of trousers a pair of old shoes a hat or a Coat and Jacket and not a Single thing to dress me a Single bit of Vitals in nor a Single bit of Soap to was me a Shirt nobody that came in the Ship has lost So many things as I have the most of them have Saved the greatest part of there Coaths al that I can Say I am a child of bad Luck Majr. Ross has also lost all his things and what he thinks wors than his coaths he has lost most all his papers

Tuesday 23 Several of the Seamen Orderd to Port Jackson in the Supply as there was to much Surf for the Boat to goe out the[y] were obliged to carry their things over to Cascade Bay to the Supply Capt. Hunter gave two of the Convicts leave to Swim on board of the Sirius if the[y] could to throw the live Stock over board the[y] got Save on board and throw a great number of Hogs, Goats, fouls over board the greatest part of them got Save on Shore amongst the number my two Sows but all the pigs were dead on board as wer my fouls except my Cocks who Swam on Shore the two Convicts got drunk and Some how or other got a Light which been Seen from the Shore the[y] were desired to come on Shore Several times and the[y] answerd that the[y] could not every one was affraid that the[y] would Set the Ship on fire if So we would loose all the provisions which we are now in great hopes of Saving as the Ship has held to gether So long ther is a great chance of her holding together much longer finding that the[y] did not intend coming on Shore one of the Convicts made ane offer to endeavour to Swim on board and Stay there if he could not get them out of the Ship to prevent

Transcript of a262157

them doing any Mischief to the Ship he got Save on board and finding them both Drunk and that the[y] had Set fire to the Ship he made them assist him in putting the fire out which he at last Effected after which he order them both on Shore where the[y] both got Save he Staid there al night and Said that he would come on Shore in the Morning the Reason of his Staying was that for fear the fire might break out again all the people could not get on board of the Supply Ball Sent use 5000 wight of Flour which is all that he can Spear

Wednessday 24 Askot the Convict that Swam on board last night of the Sirius and who put the fire out Reported to Majr. Ross and to Captain Hunter that had he not got on board as he did there would not have been a pice of the Ship but what would have been burnt as She was on fire in two places on which Majr. Ross orderd James Branigan and Wm. Dring in Irons Lieut King took leave of use and went to Cascade to goe on board the Supply for Port Jackson Waterhouse on[e] of the Lieut of the Sirius has been very kind to me finding that I had lost all my thing Sent me Six of his Shirts as he has Saved the most of his which I refused accepting as I did not See a probability of Repaying him it was very kind of him he goes to port Jackson and the letters which I have Sent to Port Jackson and home I have Sent by him by the General order of this day Majr. Ross has given Several of use Brevet Rank amongst the number he has appointed me to Act as Quarter Master General and Keeper of the Public Stores during the continuation of the Martial Law or untill His Excellency the Govenor in chief and Captain Generals pleasure is known See the orderly Book if I am paid for it it will be a good thing I wish to god I may it will help to pay for the things which I have lost in the Sirius

Transcript of a262158

Thursday 25 Some of the officers and the Seamen went on board who Sent on Shore Some provision and what things the[y] could get at all the Marines off duty Employd as Sentinel along the Beach to prevent the people from Embezzle things all the convicts Employd on the Reef in hauling the Casks on Shore and other Stores as the[y] Send them out of the Ship if it hold good weather as I hope in god it will we will beable to Save all the provisions one of the Convicts found my best Coat laying on the Reef which was brought me I got a nother of my Shirts to day in the Same way as I did my Coat

Friday 26 Every body Employd as Yesterday one of the Seamen in coming on Shore from the Ship to day Mr. Walker the Captains Clerk Seing him with a White Shirt on over all his other cloaths which proved to be one of mine which I took from by which the[y] must have brock my trunk open and taking all my thing out of it and then throw the Trunk with the Bottom out empty my Small Trunk came also to day on Shore without anything in it I own that I never Shall be able to get the Quarter of my things in Short I now give them up for lost I Represented of the Sailor having my Shirt on to Majr. Ross who in consequence cald the Council to gether who gave out a Proclamation for which See the Council Book got Several Casks of Flour and Salt Provisions on Shore to day

Saterday 27 Every body Employd as Yesterday got Several Casks of Flour, Beef, Pork, Rice and Some Spirits on Shore to day this been a fine day I orderd the Casks of Rice to be opend and dryd as the Salt water got into Some of the Casks

Sunday 28 a Great Swell Rolling into the bay which must occation a Most dreadful Surf every body Employd in assisting the People in getting on Shore from the wreck as the[y] Expect her to goe to Pices any moment the[y] all got Save on Shore in the afternoon She canted round.

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Munday 29th Very Fine weather but a Terrible Surf the People Employd in drying the Flour Rice Calavances that have got wet in Coming throu the Surf.

Tuesday 30th Still fine weather got Several Casks of different kinds of Provisions on Shore from the Wreck this is my Birthday this is the Worst that I ever Saw from the dreadful prospect before me that of Starving if Some thing dont come to our Relief or if we dont all exert our Selfs in clearing Ground for to put Corn or potatoes in

Wednessday 31st The people Employd as Yesterday .

APR 1790 April

Thursday 1st The people Employd as before - got Yesterday and to day near thirty Casks of different kinds of Provisions on Shore.

Friday 2d an order came out to day Respecting the People having ther Hogs Returnd to them - See the orderly Book - the people Empd. on the wreck as before.

Saterday 3th Fine weather - Still Every body Employd as Yesterday - the most of the Sailors on board of the Ship in Sending what the[y] can get at on Shore - the Remainder on the Reef with all the Convicts hauling it on Shore and rolling it up to the Store Yeard and all the Marines at Guard as Sentinels in Seing them bring it up.

Sunday 4th Fine dry weather - the people Employd as Yesterday Except a few men attending me in oppning and drying what Flour or Rice that has got wet - little Surf

Munday 5th the people Employd as Yesterday - Little Surf.

Tuesday 6th Fine weather - got a good number of Casks and other Stores on Shore

Transcript of a262160

Wednessday 7th. the people Employd as before in getting what the[y] can on Shore and drying what is wet - have as Yet got not any more of my things - little Surf on the Reef .

Thursday 8th the people Employd the Same as Yesterday - got but few thing from the Ship to day on Account of the Tide

Friday 9th Fine weather - the people Employd on the Reef and a party of the Sailors on the wreck - the Surf the[y] Say the people that have been here the longest is getting up - if So and it comes to blow it will break the wreck to pices

Saterday 10th

Birds Kild
159
147
319
625
145
178
291
1239

Fine weather - got a few Casks of different kinds of Provisions on Shore to day - thank god we have had Such good weather to enable use to get So much on Shore as we have done - the Surf is going down again - as the greatest part of the Provision is now got Save onShore only the Sailors and forty of the Convicts are to be Employd in getting the Remainder on Shore - all the Rest of the Convicts are to be Employd the (Artificers Excepted) in Clearing ground for Corn potatoes &c and if we get the Remainder of the provisions out and Save on Shore I hope that we will be able to hold out untill the potatoes and Corn is ripe and before the potatoes and Corn is all gone - Since the Supply will have Returnd from where the Governour may have Sent her or Some Ships arrived with Supplys and I hope the Relief - Birds Kild by M.159, S.147, C.319 .

Sunday 11th Fine weather - little Surf - the people permited to Rest while the Tide is to hight for them to work on the wreck - Birds M.145, S.178, C.291

Munday 12 all the Seamen and a Gang of Convicts Employd in getting from the Ship what the[y] can - all the Rest of the Convicts Employd in Clearing Ground Artificers Excepted - the Carpenters Employd in Erecting ane addition to the Store house - the Sayers Employd in Cutting Boards [etc] - the Smiths at different Iron work - a party in making Shingles - the women Convicts in Brining in flax for thatch .

Transcript of a262161

Tuesday 13th Fine Weather - the people Employd as Yesterday - little Surf - wind from the East which is a good wind for the Supply if She has not got to port Jackson before this.

Wednessday 14th Fine clear weather - the people Employd as Yesterday - very little Surf - Wind East to N:E:.

Thursday 15th Cloudy Weather it Seems inclinable to Rain - the people Empd. as before - all the Provisions is now got out of the Ship for which thank God - the people that are Masons and Stone Cutters Empd. at the Quarry getting Stones to build one Oven for the Settlement of which the Settlement is in great want as there is but one Small one on the Island - a good dele of Surf and Seems inclinable to Rise - Birds M.183, S.165, C.418

Friday 16th it Raind a little in the night and from the cloudyness of the day it looks if it would Rain again before long and the Surf will get up from the Swell that is Rolling into the Bay - Birds [?] .

Saterday 17th Fine Moderate Weather and not much Surf on the Reef - hope that we Shall now Since the[y] have got all the Provisions out of the Sirius Send the Boat a fishing when the Surf and Weather will permit the Boat's going out without danger

183
165
418
766
68
834

Sunday 18th Fine Clear weather although it blows fresh from the S:E: and there is a great dele of Surf on the Reef - the patroles in going the Rounds last night took Jno. Lowal a Convict prisoner he being out of his hut after Tattoo beating, contr[ary] to orders and having a Sack with Birds in it - on the patrol challengin him he attempted to make his excape by flight but the Corpl. of the Patroles was to nimble for him and before he would Stop for him he was wounded in the head but not of any consequence - the Haversack containd 68 of the Mount Pit Birds

1239
834
2073

Munday 19th Fine Clear Weather - Sent the Boat out a fishing although a great dele of Surf on the Reef - the Boat Caught Sixteen fish Consisting of Snappers, Blue fish and one Rock Codd - the people Empd. as last week

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Tuesday 20th Fine Moderate Weather and very little Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returnd about 11 oClock with only ten fish - a Non Commissioned officer and four Privates Empd. in Cutting Picquetting for which See the orderly Book and the Store Keeper orderd by the Lieut Govr. and Council to Stop half a pound of meat from every person weekly on Account of the Privalige being granted to kill Birds the Restriction on birds being taking off and was impossible to prevent the Sailors and convicts from killing the Birds when the[y] pleased and the Stopping the half pound of meat weekly will give the Store a weeks meat out of every Seven as every man has only at present 3 lb of meat a week and in the room of the Said half pound of meat everybody will have a great aboundance of Birds - one of the Seamen beloning to the Sirius Punished with one Dozen of Lashes for Disobedience of orders - See the Council Book Respecting the order for Stopping of the lb of meat .

2073
431
511
634
3649

Wednessday 21st Fine weather - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returnd with 56 large Snappers and one white fish - Distributed them amongst the officers of the Detachment and the officers belonging to the Sirius 13 the Non Commd. officers and the Privates of the Detachment got and the Remainder amongst the Sirius of. - Majr. Ross Orderd me to give no Receipt but for things Actually Received into Store on Account of a Receipt been offerd to Mr. Morley the depute Store Keeper to Sign for more things than ther was Actually delivered into Store from the Sirius and further ordered me to direct that no Candles should be given out of the Store to the Siriusses for as there were Candles of the Pursers on Shore his depute in futher was to Supply them with that Article - Some of the Seamen were Sent on board of the wreck who Sent on Shore a quantity of Lead - neer three thousand Shingles was Set on fire and burnt Supposed the[y] Caught fire by Accident - very little Surf on the Reef - Birds M.431, S.511, C.634 .

Thursday 22d Fine Clear weather - wind S:E: - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 20 Snappers - little Surf - all the Marines of duty Empd. Rubbing out Indian Corn - the Small Cutter of the Sirius went out a Sounding

Transcript of a262163

Round Nepean Island - the Sirius erecting a Log Store House - Birds kild by M:296, S:184, C:301. Friday 23rd.

Clear weather but Blows fresh from the Eastward - the Surf encreased to much in the night to Send the Boat out a fishing - the Additional Store House finished and the Key given to Captain Hunter for him to put the Stores Save out of the wreck which are not intended to be left on the island - Birds by M.234

3649
296
184
301
234
409
374
814
218
179
6655

Saterday 24th a great Surf on the Reef - Captain Hunter and Johnstone Lieuts Creswell and Johnstone went to Mount Pit to day - Majr. Ross discoverd that Captain Hunters Servants (and he beleves his own Servents has Some hand it) have drunk or made away with all his Rum which he has been able to Save out of the Sirius - of all the places in the World this is the greatest nest for Rascals it is impossible to trust any one of our men hardly much more any of the Convicts in Short there is no difference between Soldier Sailor or Convicts there Six of the one and half a Dozen of the other - old Elliock was a man Majr. Ross placed the greatest confidence in and he and Ancott have Repaid the Major for the Confidence he placed in them as all Rascals Repay good Masters - he has turnd them both of as has Captain Hunter his black Villian - Birds M:409, S.374, C:814

Sunday 25th a Fine day although it blows hard from the Eastward and a very great Surf on the Reef - have Recommended Ellis as a Servant to Majr. Ross who has taking him on my Recomendation he is not the most brightestbut I can Say truely honest - Birds by M:218, S.179 by the Convicts dont know

Munday 26 Fine clear weather but Still a great Surf - Captain Hunter Reported me a few days Since to Majr. Ross on my witholding bags from the Ships Steward when the[y] wanted to Secure the Slops Saved from the wreck of the Sirius beloning to the Purser which in my oppinion charges me with a neglect of duty and have therfore wrot to Majr. Ross to beg of him to be so good as to order a court Martial to enquir into my conduct Since the order of the 24 of March last as Qr. Mr. Genl. and keeper of the P.

Transcript of a262164

April 1790 Tuesday 27th Fine Weather but Still a great Surf - the Matter between Captain Hunter and myself Amicable Settled - Punished Elizh. Breezes and Philbay Flatterty to woman Convicts with 25 Lashes Each for Neglect of duty by Suffering the Hoggs to get into the Guarden - Wm. McNamara was order to be Punished for disobedience of orders but when he was striping himself he attempted to Stab himself with a knife - the knife being blunt he did not Effect it and in the Room of Receiving the 50 Lashess which he was orderd to Receive he is orderd to be chaind to the Grind Stone - Birds kild Yesterday and to day 2653 - the people Empd. as last week.

6655
2653
211
191
313
480
505
196
483
795
743
901
1239
15355

Wednessday 28th Fine Clear weather - wind S:E: - a great Surf - Birds M.211, S:191 .

Thursday 29th a Fine day but blows very hard from the S:E: not So much Surf as Yesterday - Birds Kild, M:313, S.480, C.505 .

Friday 30th much the Same weather as Yesterday except that there is but little Surf on the Reef - Read the Articiles of War to the Detachment - Birds kild by M:196, S:483, C:795 - the[y] are coming in very fast about Sun Set the[y] come in So thick that they darken the place much Sooner than it otherwise would.

May Saterday 1st

Blows hard and Squaly from the Eastward - little Surf on the Reef - a General order given out Respecting the Birds See the Orderly Book - Punished W Raimor Convict for theft he was orderd to Recieve one hundred Lashes but was only able to bear Sixteen - Birds brought in by M.743, S.901, C:1239* .

Sunday 2d The wind has got a little more round to the Northward Still blows very hard and the Surf is getting up - Lanched the Small Coble which the Carpenters beloning to the Sirius have build in the Room of the one that was Stove to pices in assisting the people on the Reef when the[y] were getting the things from the wreck - She is a very bad Boat good for nothing - the Birds at Mount Pit last night were So thick that the[y] came down a little after Sun Set like a Shower of hail - my Servent was there and kild himself

Transcript of a262165

193 Birds - it is a great Blessing that we have these Birds in Such aboundance - Birds M:941, S.749, C:1579 Munday 3rd.

15355
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749
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845
793
905
965
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761
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1890
31491

The wind changed in the Night to Southward from which it Blows fresh little Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing who caught only 12 Snappers I hope Since wind has changed to here from Port Jackson - the people Empd. as last week Excep the Masons Empd. in building a chimney and ane oven for the Kitching - Birds brought in Yesterday M.302 Tuesday 4th

Fine weather and little Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing who had but little Success to day again having Caught only 13 Snapper and Blue Fish - the wind being S.W is fair for any thing which may be coming here from Port Jackson - a Number of our men Sick as well as of the Seamen and Convicts, Birds M: 845, S.793 Wednessday 5th.

Blows very hard from the Southward and to much Surf to Send the Boat out a fishing - begun Sowing Oats to day at the Government Farm - Birds M.905, S.965, C.705 Thursday 6th

the Wind the Same as Yesterday and at times blows very hard not much Surf but too great to Send the Boat out with Safety - Chas. McFarlain a Convict Boy in Cutting a pice of wood with ane Axe, the Axe Slipt in his hand and Rebounded back from the hardness of the wood against his forehead and fractered his Scull So much that there is a great chance if he will Recover - Birds M:507, S:801, C:761 Friday 7th

Fine mild weather the wind has come Round to the Eastward again - little Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 40 Snappers - Served all the Officers with fish and the Remainder of the Sailors who had not fish the last time that there were any fish - also Served Some of the Convicts - the Sick getting better - Birds M.501, S.991, C.1092* Saterday 8th.

Fine Moderate Weather - little wind and no Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned about 12 oClock with 20 Snappers - the Weather being Remarkable fine and no Surf Sent her out again and She Returnd at Sun Set with 60 Snappers - Served all the Convicts who had no fish Yesterday and begun with the Marines there being more than would Serve the Convicts - Birds M.796, S.1013, C.1890.

Transcript of a262166

May 1790 Sunday 9th Fine Moderate weather little Surf on the Reef - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 182 large Snappers - Supplyd every on the Island with a great allowance of Fish - the people brought in Birds last night to the amount of 4783 - long may this Blessing Continue.

Birds
31491
4783
4106
1292
41072

Munday 10th Fine Moderate weather no Surf on the Reef - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned about 12 oClock with 120 fine Snappers - Supplyd all the officers Marines Sailors and the greatest part of the Convicts - Sent the Boat out again who Returnd about Sun Set with 67 Snappers - Supplyd the Remainder of the Convicts who had non this forenoon - Punished Jeremy Thompson, Wm. Fisher, John Hall, George Wood and Thomas Watts (of the Boats Crue for Concealing fish) with 50 Lashes each - also Punished Jas. Richardson with 50 Lashes for neglect of duty for not floggen the above five men as he ought to have done - Punished also Boyle for fighting with 50 Lashes (all Convicts) the people Empd. as last week - a good number of our people getting on the Sick list as well as the Seamen and Convicts - Birds M.410, S.903, C.2793 .

Tuesday 11th much the weather as Yesterday and no Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 87 fish - Served the Remainder of the Convicts who had no Yesterday - very little wind and that against any thing that may be coming from Port Jackson for the Relief of this Settlement all the Marines at duty Empd. in making a Trench to bring the water more Nearer to the Town - the Navel Corps Empd in bringing in flax to thach there Barrack except a few in drying the Powder which the[y] have Saved from the wreck - Sent the Boat out again after dinner to fish who Returnd at Sun Set with 50 fish - Supplyd the Marines it being their turn as it begun with them - the people in General begin to look very bad from the Shortness of the allowance and from all appearances it will be worse with use all before it is better I am affraid - Birds M:304, S.687, C.301* .

Wednessday 12th it Raind the greatest part of all last night but it is a fine day - littl ewind - Sent the Boat out a Fishing although a good dele of

Transcript of a262167

May 1790 Wednesday 12th Surf - the Boat Returnd about 12 oClock with 67 Fish - Servd them to the Convicts and Sailers - Sent the Boat again after dinner who Returnd about Sun Set with 30 Fish - Served them to the people whose turn it was - the Marines Empd. as Yesterday which work the[y] finished - Punished [*] Usher a Convict with 50 Lashes for theft - Birds Marines 398 Sailors 594 Convicts 1130 .

Thursday 13th Squaly with Rain wind from the Westward - no So much Surf as Yesterday - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned with 30 fish only - Served them to the Officers only - Birds by Marines 403, Seamen 731, Convicts 391.

41072
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731
391
703
409
931
608
703
485 46436

Friday 14th Squaly weather not much Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned with 87 fish - Served them out to the officers, Oversiers, Marines and the Sailors - The Council mett to day According to the General Order of Yesterday to take into consideration the present Exhausted State of the Provisions in this Settlement when it was Unanimously agreed and ordered to take place to Morrow Viz. Flour 3 lb, Beef 1 lb, or 17 ozs of Pork and 1 lb of Rice to each person per week - Children above twelve months old half the above Ration - Children under twelve months 1 lb Flour and 1 lb of Rice Pr. week for which See the Council Book - Took an acre of the Public Potatoes which Produced 167 Bushels - Punished - Blunt a Convict for the old crime theft with 50 Lashes - Birds
By Marines 703,
Sailers 409,
Convict 931

Saterday 15th Fine Moderate Weather wind S.W. - Little Surf - Sent the Boat out in the morning and again in the afternoon - the[y] Caught in the morning 167 large Snappers in the afternoon 104 - Served every body in the Settlement with a great aboundance of Fish man woman and child - the Potatoes which were taking up Yesterday put into the Barn for [Seed?]* - according to the order of Council Issue the above Rations to day - Jno. Robins and [*] Finnesy both Convicts ran away into the wood on account of theft the former for Stealing Calavances & the later for Stealing Cabbages for which they were to be punished - Bird M.608, S.703, C:485

Transcript of a262168

May 1790 Sunday 16th Fine Moderate Weather and very little Surf - Sent the Boat out in the morning and again in the afternoon a fishing and She brought in in the morning 87 in the Evening 59 Snappers - the Convicts beingthe first to Serve Served them all fish every body were also Served Turnip in the Settlement from the Publick Guardan - the little wind that there is being fair for any Ship that may be coming with Provision for the Relief of this Starved Island - the Number of Birds brought in by Marines, Sailers and Convicts last night of which I have been able to get ane Account of Amounted to 4731

46436
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Munday 17th Moderate Weather and little Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing this morning - She Returnd about 12 oClock with 183 fish - Servd every body in the Settlement fish - the Surf got up much Since the Morning and Seems inclinable to get up more on which Account dont think it Save to Send the Boat out again this afternoon for on her our great hopes for Subsistance depends and Should any Accident happen to her we would Soon fine the great want of her - Jno. Robins that went into the woods the [day] before Yesterday Returnd last night and gave himself up to one of the Overseers - was Punished with 50 Lashes and ordered to be put on two Pounds of Flour only a week and to work in Irons - the people Empd as before; all the Convicts/Carpenters, Smiths, Masons, Sawyers, Shinglers Excepted/ in clearing Ground for to put Potatoes, Corn &c in for use to live on - the Carpenters in Sundrys the Smiths in making fishing hooks, the Masons in building an Oven the marines in bringing Timber to the Saw pits, the Sailors in brining in flax to thatch their Barrack, the female Convicts in brining in flax also to Thatch different Huts - the Number of Bird brought in last night 4031

Tuesday 18th Squaly weather wind S:W. and a great Surf - every body Supplied with Turnips - the two Armours of the Sirius Empd in making

Transcript of a262169

May 1790 Tuesday 18th hinges lock &c for Captain Hunter and the other officers of the Sirius, three of the Convicts Empd in making fishing lines out of Rope Yarns there not being a fishing line in Store all the lines which were in Store on Majr. Ross's taking the Command of the Island being all worn out - Branagan and Dring the two Convicts Confined in the Guard House Some time past /for getting drunk on board of the Sirius when the[y] got leave to goe on board to throw the Remainder of the Stock that was a live on board over board to Save it from Starving in hopes that the Sea might throw Some of it Save on Shore /for Setting the Ship on fire are this afternoon Released from the Guard House and permittd to goe to there own Hutts but Still to Remain in Irons - birds Marines 309, Sailers 437, Convicts 614*

55198
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Wednessday 19th Still Squaly weather but the Surf being gone down much Sent the Boat out a fishing in the morning She Returnd about 12 oClock with 103 large Snappers and a large Black Codd - Served fish to all the marines, the Sirius's Ships Company and the greatest part of the Convicts - most of the Carpenters of the Sirius Employd in making Chest Boxes &c for Capt Hunter and the Rest of the Officers of the Sirius in the Room of there being Empd. in building houses for to Shelter them and there people from the weather - the Boat was out in the afternoon and Returnd about Sun Set with only 8 fish - Birds brought in last night 3081 - the Boat that was build in the Room of the one that was Stove to pices in assisten the people on the Reef when they were getting things from the Sirius is not worth the Nails that have been expended in making her for she is good for nothing and I think Majr. Ross is very much in the Right not to Suffer or Send any person out in her without the Reef for chances are against her if She would ever Return again

Transcript of a262170

May 1790 Wednesday 19th - She has got every bad Quality that a boat can have - She is like the Rest of the Boats which the Carpenters of the Sirius have attempted to build - a party intended to have gone to Mount Pit to day Consisting of Captains Hunter and Johnstone Lieuts Creswell and Kellow to S[p]end the day there and to have taking 16 men beloning to the Sirius Ships Company to have Cut down trees on Mount Pit which Major Ross very properly I think put a Stop too on account of there intending to have cut down trees there as he Said the greatest part of our present Subsistance we get from there from the Birds that Resort to that place and as the Cutting the trees down there might be the means of making them leave the Island much Sooner than the[y] otherwise would therfore desird that no tree there might be cut down without his permision on which the above party put off there Excurtion [to] the mount.

Thursday 20th Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the Southward - it Raind hard last night at times it also Lightened and Thundred a good dele in the begining of the Night - not much Surf on the Reef - Sent the Boat out this morning a fishing who caught 42 Snappers which were distrubed amongst the officers Non commd. officers &c - the[y] Sowd two Bushell of Barly at the Government Farm and also begun planting also potatoes at the Said Farm - Birds 939.

Friday 21st Moderate weather - did not Send the Boat out this morning on Account of her wanting Some Repair but Sent her out in the afternoon when She Returnd at Sun Set with 98 Fish - Servd the officers andthen the Convicts it been there Turn but ther not being fish Sufficent to Supply all the Convicts - little Surf - the Seamen begun clearing ground for a Guarden also put Some more potatoes into the Ground at the Publicks Farm - a Complaint was made to Major Ross to day that Some of the Convicts [go] to Mount Pit only for the Sake of the Birds Eggs the[y] Catch the Birds and them that have no Eggs the[y] let goe again and them that are with Egg the[y] Cut the Egg out of them and

Transcript of a262171

then the[y] let the Poor Bird fly again which is one of the Crueles things which I think I Ever herd - I hope that Some of them will be Caught at this Cruel work for the Sake of making ane example of them - Birds kild last night by M.381, S.631, Convicts 839

60578
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Saterday 22 Fresh Breezes and Cloudy the Wind N:ByW: - no Surf - Sent the Boat this morning and again in the afternoon - She brought in, in the morning 110 and in the Evening 106 large Snappers - Served fish to Every body in the Settlement Except the man that is Still absent in the woods /Tennesy/ a Convict - ane order came out to day Respecting the people going to mount Pit and taking with them Dogs, tools or Implements and distroying the Birds there Cruely and Wantenly for which See the Orderly Book - the Convicts were musterd to day and the order which came out to day Read to them - Several of them were absent at muster for which there Provisions is order to be Stopt - Birds 2052

Sunday 23rd it very disagreable day for it blows very hard and Rains every half hour as it has done the greatest part of last night - there being little Surf Sent the Boat out this morning - She Returnd about 10 oClock with only 47 fish there being to much Sea out for them - the Surf is also getting up fast - Birds last night 5631

Munday 24 the Greatest Part of Last night it Thunderd Raind Lightend and Blow very hard and at present it blows a very hard gale of wind from the S.W: - there is and has been all this day a great Surf on the Reef - this morning died Ann Farmer a famele Convict which is the first Person that has died a natural death Since the Island has been first Settled - She was better than half dead before the[y] Sent her from England - by all accounts She was a most wicked woman having been the Occation of more than twenty men and women coming to untimly ends but She is now gone where She

Transcript of a262172

May 1790 Munday 24th will be Rewarded According to her merrits - the people Empd. as last week Viz. the marines in felling timber for the Saw pits and brining it to the Pits - the SiriusShips Companie Some in Clearing ground of a Gardin the Remainder brining in Spars to a Saw pit which the[y] have made to be Cut by them in Oars - the Ships Carpenters in making Box tables &c for the Ships officers - the Ships armorous at difft. jobs for dito - the Convicts that are not Smiths Carpenters Sawyers Masons &c Empd. in felling trees Clearing Ground &c for Corn - the Smiths in making a Chain for the officers Mess Kitching Chimney and also making Fishing Hooks, the Carpenters Some in fitting up Capt Johnstones House others in putting up the Picketing round the Marines Encampment &c the Sawyers in Cutting Inch Half Quarter and feather edge Boards also Some Scantling for different purposes - the female Convicts in picking up the Roots of the trees /where the male Convicts have grubed the Ground for Sowing/ and putting them in Small heaps for Burning - very few Sick and none of them very bad the[y] having only Small Wounds - Birds brought in last night 4354

70112
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76305.

Tuesday 25th Much the Same weather as Yesterday and Still a very great Surf - the people that were at Mount Pit last Evening Say that the Birds there were thicker than the[y] ever Saw them - it is a great Blessing that the Birds last So long for god knows what would become of use, if it was not for them being So plenty as the[y] are - for these two days past the Boat has not been able to goe out a fishing on Account of the great Surf and to all appearence She will not for these Several days to come - Birds last night 1839.

Wednessday 26th The weather more moderate than what it has been these two days past the wind has come Round to the S:E: Still a great Surf

Transcript of a262173

May 1790 Wednessday 26th - Finnesy the Convict that went into the woods the 15 Inst on Account of theft was brought in to day by Saml. Husey a Convict who Caught him in his Guardin endeavouring to Steal his potatoes - he is put into Irons and Confined into the Guard House for the present - Birds last night 3113.

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Thursday 27th Squaly weather wind S:E: a heavy Surf at times but it appears if it was going down - Thos. Finnesy who was brought in Yesterday being brought before three members of the Council Viz. Captain Johnstone Lieut Johnstone and my Self when the whole charge being proved against him Viz: that he on the 15 Inst did take a Cabbage out of Lieut Creswells guardin and absented himself from all work from that time untill he was brought into Camp Yesterday by Saml. Husey for which we Sentenced him to have his allowance Stopt from the Public Storeexcept 2 Pounds of Flour a week for the Space of ten weeks and to work in Irons during that time - Birds last night 1811.

Friday 28th Moderate weather and the Surf going down fast - Empd. the marines Such of them as work as Carpenters at Port Jackson to get a place Erected for to put the hand mills up to grind the Corn as all the flour that is in Store will Soon be exspended - Birds 1393.

Saterday 29th Moderate on Shore little Surf - Sent the Boat out this morning a fishing but it blowd hard in the aftning which preventd her from Staying on the fishing ground and the[y] Caught only 10 Snappers which were Served to the officers - Birds last night 2153.

Sunday 30th Moderate weather and little Surf on the Reef - Sent the Boat out in the morning and again in the afternoon - She brought in, in the morning 59 and in the afternoon 17 Snappers - Served them to the officers and the two first Messes of the marines - Birds last night 4727 .

Transcript of a262174

Munday 31st Fine moderate weather little wind from the Northward and Surf - Sent the Boat out this morning and again in the afternoon - She brought in, in the morning 101 and in the Evening 69 Snappers - Served every body in the Town with fish - the people Employd as last week - Birds last night by Marines 913, by the Sailers 1101, by the Convicts 2743

JUNE 1790 June Tuesday 1st.

Birds 87502
913
1101
2743
92259

Much the Same weather as Yesterday very little Surf - the Boat went out this morning as did the Small Cutter of the Sirius - the Coble or Island Boat brought in in the forenoon 120 large Snappers and the Cutter 86 dito - being fine moderate weather and No Surf Sent them both out again after dinner & the[y] Returnd at Sun Set the Coble with 59 and the Cutter with 17 Snappers - Served Every body with a great abundance of Fish - long may this Fish Continue - Birds last night 951 - Punished [*] with 50 Lashes Convict for Neglect of duty.

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Wednesday 2d Fine weather - Sent the Coble and Small Cutter out this Morning the[y] Both Returnd about 12 oClock the former with 59 and latter with 152 fine fish - Served all the officers marines Seamen and and the Convicts Until the 59 Mess of them - more Surf than ther wasYesterday and it appears if it was going to Rise which is the Reason that the Boats did not goe out again this afternoon - Bird 3930 .

Thursday 3rd although the weather had not the most favourable appearence Sent the Boats out the Coble and Cutter this morning on Account that to Morrow is the Kings Birth day wished to be able to get every body in the Settlement a Mess of Fish but about 10 oClock the weather look very bad and the Surf getting up made the Signal for the Boats to come in which the[y] did - the Coble with only 3 and the Cutter with 59 Snappers - Served them out to the officers and the Remainder to the petty officers of the

Transcript of a262175

Sirius and non Commd. officers of the detachment - little John and myself with three of the Servant went to Mount Pit last night to See them Catch the Birds - we got to the mount a little befor Sun Set - at Sun Set the Air was as thick with them as knats are in a fine Summers Evening in England - I Caught above two hundred of them but as I only wanted them that had Eggs I let them all goe Except 27 who were with Eggs goe again - we Staid about one hour and a half for to get these Birds after which we lighted our Torches and and Came home about after Eight - Birds last night 1590.

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Friday 4th Blows hard from the N:W: and a great Surf - this being his Majestys Birth day the people are on which Account allowd a holiday - the Detachment in honour of the day fird three Vollies - all the Gentlemen in the Island dinned with Major Ross as also Supped where the greatest good cheer and harmony Subsisted amongst every one - Every body Seemd to be happy - Birds last night 4341.

Saterday 5th Blows Still very hard and a most Tremendious Surf - Majr. Ross order a party out to look at a place where he is informed that there is about Sixty Acres of ground which might be easly Cleard - Birds last night 6125.

Sunday 6th Clear weather and it dont Blow So hard as it did Yesterday but Still a great Surf - the party that went out Yesterday morning Returnd last Evening and Reportd to Majr. Ross that the[y] had found the place and that there is near a hundred Acres which might be cleard in a much Shorter time than ten Acres wher the[y] are Clearing ground now - Majr. Ross intend going to Look at the place before he intends Sending any people out ther to clear ground for Corn - ther is also plenty of water - Birds last night 5190.

Transcript of a262176

Munday 7th Dirty Rainy weather little wind from the North East and the Surf going down fast - the People Empd. as last week - Birds brought in last night by different people 5653.

Tuesday 8th Nasty weather it Raind hard all last night as it has done all this day and it has blown fresh from the N:E: little Surf - Birds last night 1213.

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1907
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Wednessday 9th Much the Same Weather as Yesterday except that it blows harder from the Same Quarter and the Surf inclineable to Rise - as the Boat cannot goe out a fishing the Boats Crew Employd in Splitting wood to make Charcoal - Birds Kild last night 3515.

Thursday 10th Squaly weather and a great Surf - the Smiths Employd at Setting the Charcoal Kiln - Birds 1591.

Friday 11th Clear weather and blows fresh from the N:W: and a great dele of Surf - Punished the following Convicts with 50 Lashes each Peter Creamer, [*] Clark, [*] Touso and Chas. Repeat for neglect of duty - the[y] planted a half Acre of potatoes at the Public Farm to day - Birds last night 1831.

Saterday 12th More moderate than yesterday and the Surf gone down very much - the[y] planted a nother half Acre of Potatoes for the Public to day - Birds last night kild 1907.

Sunday 13th Fine Moderate weather and little Surf - Sent the Cobal out a fishing as did Capt Hunter there Small Cutter also - the Cobal Returned about 12 oClock with 27 Snappers and Sent her out again the moment that the fish was got out of her - the Cutter Return about 3 oClock with 139 fish - begun Serving the fish where I left of the first of this month at 59 Mess of the Convicts & Servd also all the officers the Detachment and

Transcript of a262177

June 1790 Sunday 13th the Ships Companies of the Sirius - the Coble Returnd about Sun Set with 134 Snappers - Served all the Convicts as also all the officers again - this has been a glorious day for it has given every body and a great manny times fish in the Settlement to day - four Such days as this in the week untill the Ships arrive from England or the Return of the Supply from wher She may have beenSent for Provisions for use - I think we will not Starve and also the other Blessing that of the Birds for there were kild last night 5709.

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Munday 14th Moderate weather and no Surf - Sent the Coble out this morning as did the Cutter of the Sirius - the[y] Both Returnd about 12 oClock the Coble with 30 and the Cutter with 66 Snappers - Served all the officers after which begune where I left of it Yesterday at the 63 Mess of the Convicts - Served them and all the Detachment and the four first Messes of the Sailers - both Boat were Sent out again and the[y] Returnd about Sun Set the Coble with 18 and the Cutter with 26 fish - Served the Boats Crews and as far as the Six Mess of the Sailers - the People Empd. as follows 20 Privates of the Detachment with two Non Commd. officers to grub ground to plant Potatoes - five of the marines went out by order of Majr. Ross to the place where the party went on the 5th. Inst and to clear ground in order to build Some hutts on - it is about two miles on the left of the mount Pit Road - Majr. Ross Captains Hunter and Johnstone and Lieut Creswell went out to look at it last Saterday and the[y] found it a very fine pice of Ground - no Timber on it nothing but Vines - Majr. Ross intends to make it the principal place of Cultavation as the[y] Can Clear five Acres with less trouble

Transcript of a262178

there with the Same number of hands than the[y] can clear one Acre where the[y] are Clearing Ground at present which will be a great thing for the whole Settlement in our present Situation - the Sawyers in Cutting half inch, inch and two inch Board for a house for Captain Hunter - the Carpenter in putting the fraim together - the Smiths in making hooks for Clearing the Vines at the now intended Settlement - 4 four men at making Shingles - Jas. Thomas a Convict tried to day for attempting to Steal flour from the Public Store last Saterday when the[y] were Serving out the Provisions to the people - the crime being proved for which he is Sentenced to be put on two pounds of flour a week only for the Space of twelf weeks and to work in Irons during that time - Elizh. Thomas tried to day also for detaining to Kettle from one of the Seamen - She was orderd to Return the Kettle to the Person - Birds last night 4103* Tuesday 15th.

It Blowd Remarkable hard last night from the Northward with hard Rain - the was not much wind and little Surf In the morning - Sent the Boat out in the morning but about 9 oClock it came on to blow a hard gale of wind from the Westward and the Boat being to Leward of the Bay She could not pull up for the great Sea and wind being against her - She was obliged to goe to Ball Bay where the Sailers went to haul her up there being non of our men in Town Except the Guard and all the Convict being out of Town also at work - about four oClock the people Returned from hauling the Boat up and left her Save above hight water mark in Ball Bay - the[y] Caught only four fish of which number there was a large black fish which I gave to the people that went to haul the Boat up and the others to the Boats Crew - the place where Majr. Ross intends making a Settlement was this day namd Charlots field in honour of her Majesty - Good Woman

Transcript of a262179

planted an Acre and half of Potatoes more again to day - Birds kild last night 2114.

Wednessday 16th It has blown Remarkably hard all this day from the Southward five men Sent out to Charlot Field to make a Road down to the Run of water Birds last night 1320 the Surf getting up.

Thursday 17th It Blowd very hard all last night and has done the Same the great part of this day from the South East and a great Surf on the Reef - more Moderate this Evening. Captain Johnstone with two Non Commd. officers and Six Privates with a gang of ten Convicts went out to Charlotts Field to day to build huts - by to days order Captain Johnstons Companie is to hold themself in Readiness to march to Charlots Field when the huts are build for ther Reception for the purpose of Clearing Ground and the[y] will be paid with the other working parties in the Settlement in the Usuall manner as other working parties of his Majesty Troup Captain Johnstons Companie with ane officer to march tomorrow morning to Charlots field to assist the making the Huts for the Reception of the Companie - directed Mr. Morley by Majr. Ross order to deliver to the Carpenter of the Sirius Eighteen Grubbing Hows for the Use of the Sirius Ships Company for the purpose of ther clearing Ground for a Guarden for them Self the[y] planted a nother Acre of Potatoes at the Public Farm to day - Birds last night 307 by the marines only See the orderly Book for the above order.

Friday 18th Clear weather with a fresh Breeze from the South and a great Surf on the Reef I marched out with the Compy. this morning to Charlot Field Staid with them and the ten Convicts untill near Sun Set Errecting Huts for my Self and the Companie the[y] Sowd 2 Acres of Barley at the Public Farm to day Birds last night 410.

Saterday 19th Moderate Weather and the Surf going down - Lieut Kellow marchwith the Companie to Charlotte Field on the Same duty as I did Yesterday - Removed the Powder from the Lower Flag Staff to a place dugg in the Majr. Yard - Continued planting potatoes to day - Birds last night 519.

Transcript of a262180

June 1790 Sunday 20th Fine Moderate weather wind East and not much Surf - the Boat Still above hight water in Balls Bay where there is too much Surf to Launch her - Birds last night by the Marines 734, by the Seamen 1137 by the Convicts 2341 - walk with Majr. Ross to Charlott Field .

Munday 21st Moderate weather but a great Surf it having got up much Since last night - the peopel Employd as last week - Oataway Engle a male Convict Tried to day for neglect of duty and Sentenced to have only a Quarter of a pound of Flour a day and that to be Served him daily for the Space of one Month and to work as the other people doe in the gangs - very few Sick and only one of them in any Danger which is a woman Convict - I wish that the almighty would be So Kind to use as to take a few of them for we could doe much better without them at present as we he So little to give them to eat now Birds last night 3464.

Tuesday 22d Fine Moderate weather but a great Surf Still William Cool a Convict was tried to day for leaving his work Yesterday /when he went out to Charlot Field with me/ without Leave Sentenced to be put on two pounds of flour a week only for the Space of one month Birds last night 703.

Wednessday 23rd Nasty disagreable weather for it has blown and Raind the greatest part of all last night from the Nothward little Surf Sent the Boats Crue Round to Balls Bay to Varnish the Cobal the Small Cutter of the Sirius went out a fishing this morning and Caught only 20 fish the Cobal got Save Round Thomas Roudon one of the Detachment at work out a Charlot Field in building huts went out to Cutt a Cabbage and has not been herd of Since Birds last night 1149.

Thursday 24th Blows fresh from the Westward and at Times Rain Roudon is Still Missing Birds last night 805 nnot much Surf on the Reef.

Friday 25th Squaly weather from the S:W: Roudon Still absent Some of the Company Slept at Charlotte Field last night Birds 410.

Saterday 26th Clear weather but Still Blows fresh from the S:W: Capt. Johnstones Compy. empd in carring out ther Bedding &c by to days orders all the Compy. is to be out there to morrow to be Ready to begin on Munday morning Birds 793.

Transcript of a262181

June 1790 Sunday 27th Blows fresh in Squals from the S:E: the Coble went out this Morning and Returnd about one oClock with only 12 fish Thos. Roudon that went from Charlot Field on Tuesday afternoon Returnd this day allmost dead the Account that he gives of himself is that on his leaving Charlots field to goe for the Cabbaged that he Soon after met a Cabbagd Tree which he Cut down and after Cutting the Cabbaged out of it he did not know which way to Return as he did not take note which way he had come that he walked about a little and it groing dark he Sat down for the night the next day he walked about the whole day but could not find his way back or hier any body that towards night he got near the Sea Shore he then lay himself down again for the night in the morning he made towards the Sea Shore which he has keep all the way as he had no other chance of getting ever in again but by walking round the Shore he has not eat any thing Since he has been loss except the Cabbage which he cut down on the afternoon that he lost himself after dinner Capt Johnstone Lieut Kellow and myself walk out here to Stay while the Companie dose and to See that they dont leave there work Birds last night 5035 .

Charlot Field Munday 28th Remarkably Fine day the drum for work bete at Seven oClock - 24 Privates 4 Non Commd. officers and 18 Convicts Set too with a good will to Clear the Ground for Cultivation According to the orders of the Instant and we have in my oppinion done a good days work - I hope the men will Continue working as the[y] have done to day then with the Blessing of God we will be past all danger of Starving untill Some Relief comes to use which I trust will not be long - First Birds Kild by the people from here 4 of our men and three of the Convicts [illegible] day 451.

Transcript of a262182

Charlot Field Tuesday 29th Very fine weather - the men have workd very well again to day - went into Town to Majr. Ross who Sent for me to deliver out the Hammocks for the Men beloning to Capt. Merediths Companie - the Cobal and Cutter went out to day but dont know what fish the[y] Caught - Birds last night 343

Wednessday 30th Fine Moderate weather but the wind has got Round to the Northward and Since I have been heer I have Remarked that when the wind gets into that Quarter we alwayse brings Rain Capt. Hunter and Lieut Creswell came out to See how we goe on the men work with the Same Spirrit as when the[y] first begune the two Boats were out this morning and Caught a great number of fish Majr. Ross Sent 20 of them out here for use and the people that are here Bird last night 415

JULY 1790 July Thursday 1st.

It Raind hard all last night in the morning it Seemd if it would hold up the working drum beat at the usual hour and every body went to work with the Same good Spirrit as if it was fine weather for while we were in the Field it Raind a times very hard at 11 oClock was obliged to brake the men of from work for the Rain about 2 oClock it lookd Clear and the men went out but was again obliged to call them in in about half an hour after and it has Raind almost ever Since from the Setting of the Sun and the wind getting Round to the Westward I hope to morrow will be a good day Birds last night 241.

Friday 2d Much the Same weather that we had Yesterday Between the Showrs got the people out and I must doe them credit that for the time the Rain would permit them the[y] have workd very hard by making up a good fence with the Vine roots &c on the Right Side as you goe down to the Water 21 fish came out for use Bird 213.

Transcript of a262183

Charlot Field Saterday 3th Fair weather Set the people to work to make a fence on the left hand Side of the Road down to the water as the[y] did Yesterday on the Right hand Side Capt Johnstone went in to Town after Breakfast and Returnd to dinner Lieuts Creswell and Johnstone came out to See how we go on the[y] Returnd to dinner Lieut Kellow went with them and Returnd in the Evening Majr. Ross Sent out 30 fish for Every body her by which I find that the Boats have been out to day Birds last night 439 .

Sunday 4th Blows fresh from the S.W with Showrs at times Capt Johnstone and Self went in to dinner and Return in the Evening hope to morrow will be a good day that we may be able to work in clearing as we have done this last week Birds 591.

Munday 5th Fine weather but Blows very hard from the S:W: the[y] went to work this morning at the usual time in clearing the Ground Lieut Timins came out to See use after dinner Birds last night 608.

Tuesday 6th Squaly weather and at times it Blows very hard Lieut Johnstone came out to dine with use the people went to work at the usual hours and have work like men ever Since the[y] have begun Birds last night 313.

Wednessday 7th Fine Moderate weather the people Empd. as before Lieut Johnstone came out to inform use that the two Convicts that had abconded the 28 of June from their work were brought in as also Josh Touso who had left his work on Saterday last and that he Supposed that the[y] would be tried to morrow or next day and that we all Should be Sent for Birds 443.

Thursday 8th Cloudy Weather with drisling Rain the people Empd. as before have been very ill all last night and am not much better now before dinner a Non Commd. officer came out with order acquainting use that the Genl. Court Martial for the Tryal of Benjn. Ingrim, David Lonkey and Josh Touso was to Sit to morrow and that we three are Members

Transcript of a262184

of it Captain Johnstone went in before dinner by whom I Sent in word to Majr. Ross that if I was not better than I am at present that I should not be able to Sit Mr. Consident the Surgeon came out to See me if I Should not be able to sit to morrow Lieut Johnstone came also out in the Same purpose finding myself much Better than I was in the Morning I walk in to Town with them and Majr. Ross was very glad to See me who made up a Bed for me Birds last night 410.

Friday 9th Cloudy Weather find myself much Better to day the General Court Martial held this day for the tryal of Benjn. Ingram, David Lonkey and Josh Touso Convicts for different Crimes the Court not been able to goe throu all the Evidences the Court adjournd untill to morrow morning 9 oClock not much Surf.

Charlotts Field Saterday 10th It Blowd Remarkable hard all last night and it dose now in Squals a good dele of Surf the Court having met According to adjournment when after going throu the different Evidences for and against the Priseners as also the Priseners defences the Court have found them all Guilty of the first Part of the Charge of Absenting themselves from the Public Work without Leave and doe Sentence them to Receive each300 Lashes on there bare Backs after Tea came out to Charlotts Field.

Sunday 11th Blows fresh far from being well Mr. Shortland came out to Breakfast and Staid dinner with use Majr. Ross and little John came out to See how we have been going on and is very much pleasd with use in the afternoon Capt Hunter and Lieuts Creswell and Johnstone came out also to See use and to See what progress we have made Since the[y] were here last.

Transcript of a262185

Charlotte Field July 1790 Munday 12th Fine Morning the people went to work as Usual in clearing the Ground - Six Convicts came out to Build a Hogg Sty for the hoggs beloning to the Public the[y] are to Remain here untill the[y] have finished them the latter part of this day Squaly with Thunder Lightening and Rain Birds last night 310.

Tuesday 13th Fine weather the people at work as before Majr. Ross, Mr. Ross and little John came out and dinned with use old Elliot planted a bed of Potatoes here to Show use how we are to doe them without turning the ground up or howing it the latter part of the afternoon Squaly with a little Rain and Thunder and Lightening Birds 409.

Wednessday 14th Fine Weather the people in Getting the Roots of the ground Mr. Consident and Mr. Walker came out heer to day before dinner Capt Johnstone walked in to Town after dinner and Returnd in the Evening again Birds 319.

Thursday 15th Clear Moderate Weather the people Empd. as Yesterday Birds 441 .

Friday 16th Cloudy Weather old Elliot came out this morning and Sowd about two Acres of Wheat the people Empd. in clearing the ground of the Rubish and in howing the Corn in the Ground Lieut Johnstone came out this afternoon to inform Capt Johnstone that he and his companie will be Relievd part to Morrow and the Remainder the day following Birds last night 354

Saterday 17 Fine weather the people Empd. in carring in there things &c Sent in all mine in the afternoon Lieut Johnstone came out and I gave him up the Charge of Charlotte Field Lieuts Creswell and Faddy will be out to Morrow with the Remainder of Captain MeredithsCompany while we have been out at Charlott Field we have Cleard better than 4 Acres of ground fit for Sowing or planting.

Transcript of a262186

July 1790 Sunday 18th Moderate weather and little Surf the Cobal went out a fishing this morning as did the Cutter the[y] Both Returnd about 12 oClock the former with 12 fish and the latter with 90 Sent them both out directly again and the[y] Return at Sun Set the Cobal with 12 fish and the Cutter with 2 fish the Remainder of Capt Merediths Compy. went out to Charlotts Field this afternoon Served the fish out to the marines and to Some of the Convicts.

Munday 19th It Raind very hard all last night and the greatest part of this morning it Clear up about Nine oClock and little Surf Sent the Cobal and Cutter for to get fish the[y] Return the former with and the latter with fish Served them out to the Convicts who had non Yesterday Majr. Ross cald the Council together and we came to the following wise Resolution, Viz:

The Lieutenant Governor and Council having Judged it absolutely Necessary that as long as the Birds at Mount Pit are to be had in Such abundance and as the Season of the Year is approaching for the Boat to be Employd in fishing that there Should not be any more Salt Beef or Pork Issued from the Store untill those most Valuable Resources fail us And as it is very possible that for Some Months longer we may find ourselves disapointed of the Supplies we have So long Expected from Europe and to prolong as much as possible Some Small proportion of Animal food to every body before it is intirely Exhausted we have there orderd that the Rations of Beef and Pork Shall not be Issued Untill further Orders - See the Council Book

Since I have been out to at Charlotte Field the Serjeants of the Guard have neglected taking ane Account of the Number of Birds which the people have brought in So that I have no Account off them and as the people dont come to the Guard house as before Shall not be able to get an Account

Transcript of a262187

the people Employd the greatest part of the Convicts in Clearing ground as before the Carpenters in building a house for Captain Hunter the Ships Carpenters in building a Boat after the Moddle of the Coble for the Settlement when Built I hope we will have good weather to Send her out with the other Boats a fishing - the Sawyers in Cutting Planks for the Boat &c the Smiths in making Charcoal the people begin to grow very Sickly.

Tuesday 20th Fine Calm weather and no Surf Sent the Coble out a fishing as did the Cutter the[y] Returnd about two oClock the Coble with 136 and the Cutter with 74 Snappers the moment that the fish was got out of the Boats Sent them Both out again and the[y] Returnd about Sun Set the Coble with 18 the Cutter with 2 fish Served them to all the Sailors, the Marines in Town and the Marines out at Charlott Field the greatest part of the Convicts in Town and all the Convicts at Charlotte Field and them at Pillomans Farm and at Cascade Farm.

Wednessday 21st It Blowd hard all last night with hard Rain and it has done the Same all this day too much Surf to Send the Boat out.

Thursday 22d it has done nothing all this day but blow a gale with hard Rain a great Surf on the Reef

Friday 23 Dirty disagreable weather much the Same as Yesterday a great Surf on the Reef Occationed with a heavy Sea rolling into the Bay the men attend me to Sign there Account for last Quarter

Saterday 24 Blows very hard Still but it is more moderate than it has been for these three days past a very great Surf on the Reef

Sunday 25 Moderate weather and the Surf going down fast hope to morrow Shall be able to Send the Cobal out.

Munday 26th Clear Moderate weather and not much Surf Sent the Coble out this morning She Returnd at Noon with only 10 fish the people Empd. as last week Lieut Faddy came in from Charlotte Field and dinned with use after we had brok up he Staid to acquaint

Transcript of a262188

Majr. Ross with a Conversation that he and Mr. Kellow had Respecting [illegible] Majr. Ross then Sent for Mr. Kellow when Mr. Faddy Repeated the Same words before Mr. Kellow as he had done before he came into the Room and Mr. Faddy Said which Mr. Kellow cannot denay Mr. Kellow Said Majr. Ross it is no Such thing I never Said any Such a thing on which the Majr. Said I will here no more a bout the Matter Since you have made use of Such Language to each other you have given each other the Lie one of you must be in the wrong both of you cannot be Right untill I know which is in the wrong I will here no more about the Matter on which the[y] both went a way I being present the whole of the time Majr. Ross askd me if I ever herd anything like it I made Answer one of them has told a Lie but which of them is the father of it I cannot Say on which the Majr. Said untill this matter is Clear up I will not put my feet under the Same table with eather of them and I'll beg of you as being the person that takes care of the Mess to goe to Mr. K and Acquaint him that untill this matter is cleard up I am Resolved Not to sit down to table with him on which I went to Mr. K. and Acquainted him with Majr. Ross's Resolutions he made me for answer that he could not help it but what Mr. F. had Said was not true he then askd me what he could doe I made him for Answer if you ask me as a friend although it is a Delicate point to give ones advice on he Said that he did askd me as a friend I then Said you have nothing left but to call Mr. Faddy out he answerd me I am getting my pistols Ready in Expectation of hearing from Mr. F I Said I did not think that Mr. F would Call on him as Mr. F has given You the Lie and as Such it is your provence to Call Mr. F. out on which he Said I believe he is gone out of to Charlotte Field on which I Said I believe not for I Saw him going to his Guardin

Transcript of a262189

when I was coming down to you and Mr. Kellow You have no time to loose if you are concious that you did not Say the words which Mr. F Accusses you of Mr. K Said he was Certain that he had not Said any Such a thing - he then Said I will watch him as he goe out to Charlotte Field and will cary my pistols with me for him to give me a Meetting now or when he thinks proper, on which I left him I soon after met Faddy who Said Clark I declair to God the words which I mentioned to Major Ross and before you were the Words which Mr. Kellow made use of to me and which he denays all that I Said to him was that one of you must be in the wrong a little after dark Mr. K Sent his Servant to Say that he would be glad to Speak to me on which I went too his house he Said Clark I have Seen Mr. F on his going up the hill to goe to Charlotte Field I went after him and I Said to him you Sir have Accused me befor Majr. Ross and Mr. Clark of Saying words which I never did Say for which I am come now to demand Satisfaction he made me for Answer that he was now going out to Charlotte Field and that he could not Stop and that he would consult his Brother officers before he gave me any Answer on which he left me I told Mr. Kellow I Supposed if he consulted his Brother officers that you will here from him in the Morning on which I left Mr. K: my own private oppinion is that I believe that Mr. Kellow did Say the words which Mr. Faddy Accusses him off from this manner of Acting, if so he is a very bad man to force a man to fight him when he I think knows that he is the agresser.

Tuesday 27th Fine weather almost a Calm not much Surf Lieut Faddy came in from Charlotte Field before Breakfast after Breakfast Mr. Kellow Sent to me Saying that he would be glad to Speak to me on which I went to his house when he inform me that Mr. F had cald on him to inform him that he had come in from Charlotte Field to meet him Mr. Kellow told Mr. Faddy very well on which I have Sent to You Clark to know how I am

Transcript of a262190

July 1790 Tuesday 27th to ask I cannot goe out of Camp to day as I am on duty having got the day I made him for Answer, that need not prevent You from meetting him as I will take the day for you on which he Said I wish you Clark to goe with me as my friend I told him that I did not think I could with any degree of propiety goe as your Second Mr. Kellow for been present when first this affair happened and having Since (as doing the Camp duty as Adjt.) carried messages from the Commanding Officer to You and from You to the Commanding officer I dont know how far with Safety to myself I can doe it but I will ask Captain Johnstone in your presence if he thinks I can goe out with you as your friend with any degree of Safety and if he Says I can, I will attend you with pleasure, on which I sent to Capt. Johnstone that I would be glad to Speak to him at Lieut Kellows Quarters on which I asked him the above Question if I could goe with Mr. K as his friend Capt. Johnstone Said Clark you cannot attend Mr. K: with any degree of Safety nor doe I wish you So much as to think of it You can take the day for him on which Capt J. left us I askd Mr. K who went out as Mr. F friend he Answerd me that he had nobody You can be the friend of use both I answerd him, no Sir, that I will not although I might goe out the friend of one of you it is no Reason that I am to goe as the Second of both of you, You wish to bring me in as a principle by your ask me to goe as a Second to both of you for Should eather one of you fall I Should be the person the Law would lay hold of to Answer to the person that was kild by your asking me to goe out in the manner you have, you have put it intirly out of my power to attend you as your friend if I was ever So much at liberty I therfor tell you that Should you never be able to get any body to goe out with you I am Resolved not to goe from the Manner you wished me to goe on which he askd me if I could tell him who to askd what doe you think he Said if I was to ask Capt Johnstone do you think he would I Said I dont know Mr. K but I will Still give you my oppinion although you did not intend to have acted

Transcript of a262191

July 1790 Tuesday 27th generously by me I will goe and ask him now on which he went I Staid untill his Return and he Said Capt Johnstone declines it I told him You are intimate with Mr. Shortland why dont you askd him on whichhe Said So I will he then Sent for Shortland when I left him I Soon after walk down to the Vale and went into my Guardian when I Saw Mr. F in his Guardian wher a little after Mr. K and Mr. Shortland joind him Mr. Altree came also in the Guardian to Mr. Faddy the[y] were all ta[l]king together a little after Captain Johnstone Came past and Cald to me Saying Clark I wish to Speak to You he Said that Mr. Altree had Sent in a Messagd to him to inform him that Lieut Kellow and Faddy were going to fight and that the[y] had pistols with them and Mr. Faddy had cald on him (Mr. Altree) out of his Guardian Saying as a Medical man I wish you not to goe home as I shall perhaps have occation for your assistance and Captain Johnstone Said Clark I wish you to goe along with me to orderd Mr. Kellow and Mr. Faddy into camp I went with Captain Johnstone who orderd them Both into Camp Capt. Johnstone and Self Returned to Camp also he went and acquainted Majr. Ross with the Messaged he had Received from Mr. Altree and what he had done in consequence Majr. Ross Sent for me and disired me to goe and put Lieut Kellow and Faddy under an Arest and with orders for them not to Stir out of there Quarters without leave until further orders which orders I delivered to them both and when I was coming a way from Kellows House Shortland being there I Said Shortland I wish to Speak to you when I Said to him there being put Under Arest is nothing it is not the first time that the Arest has been hack* in a Matter of less consequence to Gentlemens Characters than this affair is of Mr. K and Mr. F and it is absolutely necessary for the Sake of them both that the matter is Settled and I futher Said to Shortland Mr. Altree is a D.… Rascal for his pains in letting Capt Johnstone know any thing about the Matter and if I was in Faddys place I would Cut his throat or take a Stick and beet him like a post for his pains after dinner Lieuts Johnstone and Creswell came in

Transcript of a262192

July 1790 Tuesday 27th from Charlotte Field Major Ross having Sent for them to inform them of the behavour of Lieuts Kellow and Faddy Yesterday before him and to disire that (we) Captain Johnstone, Lieuts Creswell, Johnstone and Self would inquir in to the matter and Endeavour to find out which is the agressor and Report our oppinion of them to him - on which we Said that we would and mett at Captain Johnstones Quarters for that purpose where we had both the above Gentlemen before use from whom we were not able to make any thing of it - the[y] both persisted in their first assertion - we therfore cannot at present determine which is in the wrong but from all that we are able to collect from them both truth inclines on Faddys Side - we have therfore agreed to meet again to morrow to See if we can find out which is theagressor - about four oClock in Returning from the farm to Town I herd the Report of a pistol or Gun and was told by my Servant that he had met Messrs Kellow, Faddy, Shortland and Donevon going to [Turtle?] Bay a little after Sun Set - Shortland came up to me and Said that Mr. Kellow and Faddy had been out and had each fire a pistol without doing Execution and that he had gone as Mr. K. and Mr. Donovon as Mr. F Second when after the firing of the pistols that Mr. Donevon and he had interferred and made them Repeat the conversation that passed Yesterday which has brought on this disagreeable affair - when Mr. Faddy Repeated Some part of the Conversation which Mr. Kellow Said that he did not Recollect it until this moment You Mentioned it Mr. Faddy - then Mr. Donevon and my Self Said to Mr. Kellow Since Mr. Faddy has brought part of the Conversation to Your Recollection it is very possible that you may have forgot the Remainder - Mr. Kellow Said that it was very possible but he cald God to witness that he at present did not Recollect them on which I said to them you must Excuse me not permiting you at present firing any more on which Mr. Donevon and I left them and came in to Town - the[y] followd use - as I found that Mr. Faddy Still persisted in what he Related to Majr. Ross to be the words that Mr. Kellow had informed him and Mr. Kellow as firmly denied having

Transcript of a262193

July 1790 Tuesday 27th Said any Such word to Mr. Faddy the[y] intend to goe out to morrow morning again at day brake I Said to Mr. Shortland, Shortland if you take my advice I would have no more to doe with for take my word you will gain no credit in this matter I find for between you and me the person whose friend you have gone out as this afternoon I firmly believe to be the agresser and he has now enterd So fare into it that he is ashamed to Acknowlege it that is my opinion also and I will take your advice and will tell him that he must Excuse me as I cannot think to attend him any more I had a better opinion of Mr. Kellow than to think he would ask in the manner he has done I wish to God Faddy had Shot him throu the Hart for he Richly deserves it.

Wednessday 28th Fine weather - after Breakfast Creswell and John Johnstone came in according to agreement and we met again at Captain Johnstones Quarters when we Sent for Mr. Shortland and Donevon who informd use that Lieuts Kellow and Faddy had met Yesterday Evening in Consequence of a Challange from Lieut Kellow - when the dispute and words that had passed between them were again Mentioned and Mr. Faddy Repeating Some part of the Conversation Mr. Kellow Acknowledged that the words had been Said but untill that Instant it had Escaped his Memory but what Mr. Faddy had first Reported was not true they then Exchanged a Shot when we interfered and on talking the Business over again Mr. Kellow Said that as he had forgot Some part of the Convesation that passed between them that he might have Said the words Which Mr. Faddy Accused him of to Majr. Ross but Said he did not Recollect it we then Sent for Lieuts Kellow and Faddy when we went over the Same Business that the above Gentlemen have Mentioned Mr. Shortland and Donevon

Transcript of a262194

July 1790 Wednesday 28th and Mr. Kellow Owned he had been to precipitate in asserting before Majr. Ross that what Mr. Faddy had advanced was false and Still Said that he did not Recollect of his having Said the words which has been the Occation of this disagreeble affair after which We desired that Mr. Kellow and Faddy as also Mr. Shortland and Donevon would with draw and if we wantd them any more we would Send for them after Conversing the Matter over we were all of the Same opinion that we think Lieut Kellow the aggressor from what we can learn from them Selves and there tuo Seconds and our opinion of Mr. Kellow is that his conduct in the late affair to be Really infamous & derogatory to the Character of an officer and a Gentleman and have beg of Majr. Ross that he will not put us under the disagreeable Necessaty of doing duty any Longer with a man who we think a disgrace to the Corps he serves in and who we are determined never to Associate with Mr. Kellows conduct in the affair alluded to in my oppinion as it not only to distroy the Reputation of an officer (who to me appears to be innocent & who I think has conducted himself like a man) but to deprive him of his Life by obliging him to have Recourse to a Pistol when he Lieut Kellow must have known that what Mr. Faddy had advanced was true and that he himself was the aggressor we have Reported our opinion of this affair to Majr. Ross by Letter and who Sent me in consequence to Acquaint Lieut Kellow that his Conduct in the opinion of all his Brother officers has of late been So

Transcript of a262195

July 1790 Wednesday 28th very much Unbecoming the Character of the officer and Gentleman he therfor Suspended from all duties in the Detachment untill further orders and I was also futher directed to inform him that he is not to interfer with any thing that is going on in the Collony and that he will be Sent from the Island in the first Ship or Vessel that leaves the Island for Port Jackson or for England all the Answer he made was he Supposed his Arrest was the Same as at Port Jackson I told him I believe So he did not appear to be cast down at his Situation it was also given out in orders of his been Suspended See the orderly Book I am very happy that I did not goe out the Second of Mr. Kellow for his principle his Character in Shorthis every thing is bad .

Thursday 29th Fine Weather the Boat went out this morning and Caught 44 fish no Surf on the Reef.

Friday 30th Fine Moderate Weather the Cutter and Coble went out this morning and Returnd about noon the Cutter with 75 and the Coble with 13 fish little Surf on the Reef .

Saterday 31st Moderate but Cloudy Weather the Coble and Cutter went out again and Return about 12 oClock the Coble with only 3 fish and the Cutter with 9 no Surf on the Reef I am affraid that the fish are leaving use.

AUG 1790 August Sunday 1st Blows fresh did not Send the Boats out to day not much Surf.

Munday 2d Blows fresh from the N:west the Surf Rising.

Tuesday 3rd Squaly and a great Sea from the S.W. a good dele of Surf

Transcript of a262196

Wednesday 4th Squaly from the Southward about 12 oClock the whole Town was in an uproar with the News of a Ship in Sight Capt. Johnstone and myself went on the top of Mount George to See if we could See her for we thought that it was all a fals alarm but we were Soon convinced of the Truth of the Report for we Saw her a fine large Ship off Balls Bay with English Colours flying I Returnd my prayers and thanks to the Almighty for delivery use from the dreadfull Situation that we have had before use for these Some time past the people that were Sick with the Joy of the Ship being in Sight got out of ther Beds and forgot there pains as the wind is against her and blowing fresh She will not be able to get in to this Bay to day and the Surf is too great to Send the Boat out to her Captains Hunter, Johnstone and Some of the People went over to Cascade Bay after dinner to See if the[y] could make a Signal to her for her to Send her Boat on Shore ther to know where She is from and if She has got any Provisions for use but how Shall I discribe the dreadful information when Capt. Johnstone Returnd my poor pen is not able to paint the Melancholy and tremerthat I was Sezed with when he informd use that he had Stayd with Capt Hunter untill it was near dark and that the[y] had made Signals to the Ship by fire &c. and that She was within two miles of the Shore in Cascade Bay but that the[y] took no notice of the Signals that the[y] Sett there Studing Sails and went a way to the Northward with a fair wind

Transcript of a262197

August 1790 Wednesday 4th and that when the[y] left Cascade Bay She was not in Sight from the highest ground there oh my God what can all this be are we Still doom to Starve this is the most cruelest thing that ever happend to any Set of people under heaven her appearing in Sight this Morning was to every body the Same as a reprive from death and then to leave us I don't know what to make of it in Consequence of her appearing in Sight whome we flaterd ourselves was brining use good News the Lieut Governor and Council has directed the Store Keeper to Issue half a weeks Ration of Salt Provisions to Every Individual I who flatterd myself this forenoon when first I saw her that by this time I Should have had Some letters from My belovd wife but no Such good fortune comes Yet to my lot I must wait with patience a little longer.

Thursday 5th Much the Same weather as Yesterday no Ship in Sight from Mount Pit which is the highest Ground in the Island I wish to God the Ship which we Saw Yesterday had never appeard in Sight for She has made every body almost dispond it has made me almost Stupid the Surf gone down very much.

Friday 6th Fine weather not much Surf but Still no Ship in Sight or any thing like a Ship I some times think that it was only a dream that the Ship was in Sight if there had not been more people besides myself that had Seen her I should not think other wise but that it was only a dream.

Saterday 7th I was a waked a little after day light with the Noise of a Ship being in Sight I did not Remain long in bed after went up on the top of Mount George and Saw her a great way of to the Southward fine weather a little Surf Majr. Ross askd me

Transcript of a262198

when She came a little nearer in if I would goe out in the Boat and goe on Board of her and bring on Shore the despatches and the letters I told him I would with pleasure the wind being against her She did not come in much Nearer than when we first Saw her this morning about four oClock in the afternoon I went out in the Coble being Resolved to get on board of her if I could althought She then was not in Sight after I had got about two miles from the Shore in looking to the Windward I Saw a nother Ship within a few miles of us and She coming towards us Right before the Wind I order the Boat to goe for her a little after Sun Set I got on board of her and found her to be the Surprize of London, Captain Anstos from Port Jackson after getting [*] and Convicts for this Island and that the other Ship which was but just in Sight from the mast head of the Surprize was the Justinian Store Ship also with Provisions but no Convicts for this Island after getting all the letter that were on board I got into the Boat and Came Save on Shore again Anstos was first Mate of the Lady Penryn when he came out with us he was very glad to See me & I much more So him on Account of his brining use Some thing to eat on my Coming on Shore I gave all the letters &c. to Majr. Ross who delived them to the officers and people as the[y] were directed - there was but very few for any body on Account that all the letters were on board of the other Ship as She had Saild from Port Jackson before the Surprize I hope She will be able to Send them on Shore to Morrow I am happy to heer that a Corps is come out for the Relief of use the Ship which we Saw on 4 of this month the[y] Say on board of the Surprize

Transcript of a262199

August 1790 SAturday 7th must be the Lady Juliana from Port Jackson bound to Chinia as the Captain of her Said that he would call here if he could all the harm that I wish him is that I hope that he will goe to Hell for not calling when he could with So little trouble to himself.

Sunday 8th Fine weather and both Ships close in no Surf Sent the Boat out one to goe on board of the Justinian and the other to goe on board of the Surprize Sent the Boat full of Greens for the Ships the Boat from the Justinian Returnd Soon after with the letters and found amongst them four from my belovd wife and that She and my dear little fellow are well also Received one from Mr. Bar Mr Creswell also gave me two which came inclosed in Mrs. Creswell from my Betsey Received also a kind letter from Kempster and one from Mr. Woolrige in Closing a letter of atory. for me to Sign at the Same time informing of the Death of Mr. Hartwell which I am very Sorry for - I Return my Betsey a thousand thank for her Kind letters I find the things which I wrote for She Sent on board of the Guardian and I am affraid I Shall never be able to get them as all the private property which was on board that Ship is lost from the Accident which happend to that Ship the Boat Empd. in Getting what the[y] can from the Ship but not to bring any of the Convicts on Shore before there is more Provisions on Shore to give them to eat the letter from Mr. [blank] is recommending a Mr. Murray Surgeon of the Justinian to my protection and to Show him any Sivility that may be in my powr I have Sent of a not for him to come on Shore to dinner which he did he appears to be a very Genteel young man

Transcript of a262200

August 1790 Sunday 8th Major Ross gave me a letter from Captain Campble what came inclosed from Captain Campble to him for the letters See the letter Book Captain Campble's letter is a very Kind one.

Munday 9th Fine weather little Surf the Boats Empd. in Landing Provisions Stores &c. from the Ships .

Tuesday 10th Much the Same weather as Yesterday the Ships did not come into the Bay before 10 oClock the Boats Empd. as Yesterday the Surf appears if it was going to get up.

Wednesday 11th Blows fresh at times not So much Surf to prevent the Boats from going out Empd. as Yesterday the Governor has been pleased to appoint Mr. Freeman to be Depute Commissary for Norfolk Island as Such he Supperceeds me as Keeper of the Public Stores and Majr. Ross has order him to be obeyd a Such and immediatly to take into his charge all the Stores & Provisions See the orderly Book where you will also See the Encouragment which is held out to the Non Commissioned officers and Private men of the Detachment of marines who wish to be come Settlers in this country or to incorporate themselves as Soldier in the New Raised Corps which is come out for the Service of this Colony .

Thursday 12th Blows fresh too much Surf to Send the Boats out with Safety The Ships are gone to the other Side of the Island to Cascade Bay where the[y] may lay the Same if in a Mill pond but the[y] cannot land any Provisions with Safety

Friday 13 Blows hard from the Southward the[y] Landed Some of People at Cascade Bay Captain Maitland of the Justinian came over from Cascade and Staid all night with use.

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Saterday 14th Fine clear weather & Blows hard from the Southward the[y] under the Land in Cascade Bay.

Sunday 15th Fine Weather not So much wind as there was Yesterday a good dele of Surf on the Reef.

Munday 16th Fine weather little wind and not much Surf the Ships came intothe Bay about Seven oClock and the Boats went of to them and Brought on Shore Provisions Stores &c. and what was nearest at hand for the Island the[y] also Brought Some men and women Convicts.

Tuesday 17th Fine Moderate weather the Ships came into the Bay about 8 oClock the Boats went of to them to Land the Provisions Stores people &c. the Large cutter Beloning to the Sirius in coming on shore from the Surprize with 4 four casks of Salt Provisions Six women Convicts and a Young child beloning to one of the women Just as the Boat was coming into the passaged a Surf Struck the Boat and nearly filld her as well as forced the Boat on the Reef the next Sea that came Struck the Boat again and She parted in the middle when every body in the Boat was floating about in the Surf in the Sight of near five hundred people within a few Yeards of use and we could give them very little assistance the Tide running too Strong by which accident Jas. Coventry, David Bain, two Seamen beloning to the Sirius who were part of the Boats Crue, Johnstone, Caddy, Chaffey and the child were all drowned as also Jno. Roberts a Convict who went in to assist them was also drownd the mother of the child is one of

Transcript of a262202

August 1790 Tuesday 17th the three women that are Saved it was a Shocking Sight to See So manny of our fellow creatures Strugling for life and we only able to give them very little Assistance and that little at the Risk of our own lives I had my Coat of to goe in to there assistance and Should have gone if one of the Convicts had not advised me not to goe in and I am now very Glad that I did not for it is very likely but what I should have Shard the Same fate that Jno. Roberts did the other boats have been Empd the Remainder of the day in Landing the People Provisions &c. Mr. Murray came on Shore to Stay a few days with I must make him up a Bed on the floor.

Wednesday 18th Fine weather little Surf the People and Boats Empd as Yesterday getting what Provisions from the Ships that the[y] can.

Thursday 19th Cloudy weather little Surf the Boats Empd. as before Punished with 5 Lashes and put Jones in Irons at the Grind Stone for going to Cascade without Leave and having the bed in there possesion beloning to one of the Women that Landed a Cascade last week which the Woman Said was Stole from her in the wood in the night as She was obligd to Sleep in the woods all that night that She Landed as She was not able to walk into town.

Friday 20th Fine Moderate weather the Boats Empd as before .

Saterday 21st Fine Clear and Moderate weather the Boats Empd. as Yesterday and the people Empd. in rolling the provisions up to the Store Jones that went to Cascade on wednesday night last without leave and was put in Irons for it at the Grind Stone picked the lock of the Irons last night and is gone into the woods.

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Sunday 22d Much the Same weather as Yesterday the Ships came in to the Bay early Sent the Boats of for Provisions and Stores the[y] have been/the Ships/most liberal Supplyd with all Kinds of Cabbage Turnips and all other Kinds of Guardin Stuf Since the[y] have been heer for ther has not a day gone past but what each Ship has had Sent them two Boats load of all Kinds of Greens &c.

Munday 23th Fine weather little Surf the Boats Empd. in brining from the Ships what things the[y] have on board of the Settlement.

Tuesday 24th Fine moderate weather the Boats Empd. as before every thing will be out of the Ships in a day or two and they will Sail in day or two after So will begin to write my letters that I may want to Send by them.

Wednesday 25th Fine weather and no Surf the Ships in the Bay and the Boats have being going to and fro to them all day Mr. Murray and Self went out a Shooting this forenoon he went on board after dinner and has Since come on Shore again as he promised he not been wanted on board I like him very much wrote a letter in answer to the one from Mr. Beveridge.

Thursday 26th Moderate weather and no Surf wrote a long letter to Geo. Kempster as also Sent him Coppies of of the different Resollutions which we enterd into for to Keep life and Soul together .

Friday 27th Moderate weather little Surf Wrote to Mr. Thos. Wolrige also inclosing the letter of Attorney which he Sent me to Sign on Account of the death of Mr. Hartwell witnessed and filld up according to desire I am Sorry to find that the [Blight]* has taken hold of the Corn in Several places I hope that it will not appear in more places than it has donehither to for I never Saw Corn look better than what it dose

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Saterday 28 Fine Moderate weather little Surf thank God we have got every thing now out of both Ships and the[y] intend to leave use to Morrow afternoon for China Mr. Murray went on board for good this afternoon I have Sent all my letter under his care as also a Box for my beloved woman Containing a [*] Skin, a pair of Pidgions of this Island, a Mount Pit Bird, a Mutten Bird, a Cock and Hen Robin, a quail, a white Breasted Bird all of this Island I hope my betsey will Receive them Save Sent also under his care a letter for Mr. Wolrige in case any Accident Should happen to the one which I sent Yesterday by the Surprize inclosing the letter of Attorney to enable him to Receive my Subsistance and to pay you my Alicia the Sum which Mr. Hartwell paid you I wish to God that I was going with the Ships .

Sunday 29th little wind only one of the Ships in Sight the Surprize She sent her Boat on Shore to get her Receipt and as She Believes the Justinian is gone that She will make the Best of her way for China also the Boat went on board a bout 12 oClock and She made Sail I wish her a good Voyage .

Munday 30th Blows fresh little Surf the Justinian in Sight Sent the Coble on board She was all Yesterday becalmd which was the Reason She could not come into the Bay She only Waits for the Return of the Coble when She will make Sail to See if She can over take the Surprize at 11 oClock our Coble got on board of her when Soon after She made Sail and I wish them with all my heart a Save and good Voyage to China and from that to England with my dear beloved Alicia letter Mr. Murray Sent my on Shore

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by the Return of the Coble a little Soap for which I am very much oblige to him for as all mine is out I was glad when the Boat got in again for the Surf got up and it Blew hard from the S:W: which is a fair wind for the Ships

Tuesday 31 Blows fresh and a good dele of Surf the people Empd. as befor the Ships arrived in clearing Ground &c. about 35 men and about the Same number of women in Cutting the flax to endeavour to bring it to perfection at Cascade Farm under a (Mr. Hume) who was Sent her in one of the Ships that came here last by the Govenour who Says that he understands it but for my own part I doe not think that it will ever answer the expectations of Goverment I am no Judge therfor cannot Say they will or they will not

September 1790 Wednesday 1st Blows hard and a great Surf a fine wind for the two Ships.

Thursday 2d Still Blows fresh and a very great Surf it is well that we got the things out of the two Ships So Soon as we did otherwise we should not have been able to have done any thing with them for these two days past on Account of the Surf and ther being too much wind .

Friday 3rd not much wind but a good dele of Surf I shall look out with longing Eyes for the Gorgon Untill She comes to take me a way to every thing that is dear to me on earth

Saterday 4 little wind and little Surf Thos. Streets one of the convicts that was out at work at Charlotte Field has left

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his work and gone into the wood to live with Gray and Jones the other Runaway Convicts .

Sunday 5th Moderate Weather little Surf .

Munday 6th Fine calm weather little Surf I wish that the fish were come in that the Boat might goe out and get Some for Salt Beef to day and Salt Beef to Morrow and Salt Beef every day dose not agree with me for I have not been very well for these three weeks past .

Tuesday 7th Squaly weather wind S:W: little Surf on the Reef.

Wednesday 8th Blows fresh from the S:W: and a good dele of Surf on the Reef.

Thursday 9th Clear weather with a Strong breeze from the Southward and the Surf getting up very unwell have been taking doctors Stuff for these Several days past and find no Relief by it.

Friday 10th Moderate weather but a great Surf on the Reef doe come good Gorgon for I wish to be a way.

Saterday 11th Moderate weather the Surf going down fast have been very ill have kept my bed all this day and am just got up hope I will find my self better to morrow Sunday 12th.

Fine pleasant Weather not much Surf a little Better

Munday 13 Fine weather little Surf the people Empd. in planting Indian Corn on the hights Round Arthurs Vale and at Charlotte Field.

Tuesday 14th Cloudy weather has had the appearence if it would Rain all this day little Surf .

Wednesday 15th Cloudy dull weather little Surf

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Thursday 16th Clear weather & no Surf but no Gorgon I wish to be away from this place for the place begins to be disagreable for a great manny of my Brother officers if not all are jealous of me because I am greatly in favour with Majr. Ross if it is So the[y] have no Occation for if I could I would not doe them an injury although manny of them would me if the[y] had it in there power but I am Concious of having al along acted like ane honest man and a man of honour to my friend and them and all this is because Majr. Ross pays more attention to me than he dose to any of the Rest.

Friday 17th Cloudy weather little Surf.

Saterday 18th Moderate weather inclinable to Rain No Surf on the Reef.

Sunday 19th Clear weather almost a Calm no Surf on the Reef the Blight has got in a mongst the corn very much the[y] will be obliged to pull up a great dele when it is Quit blasted.

Munday 20th Fine Moderate Weather no wind and no Surf the people Empd. in planting Indian Corn wher the Ground is cleard for it and the others in clearing Ground the Women in pulling up the patches where the Blight is amongst the Corn and Replacing it with indian Corn.

Tuesday 21st Fine weather with a Gentle Breeze from the Eastward little Surf on the Reef.

Wednesday 22d Cloudy and inclinable to Rain not much Surf on the Reef.

Thursday 23rd Very Cloudy with Gentle Showrs at times no Surf on the Reef walk to Charlotte Field.

Friday 24th Blows fresh from the the S:W in Squals the Surf getting up.

Saterday 25th a Fresh Breeze from the Southward and a Great Surf on the Reef

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Sunday 26 little wind and Fine Weather but a Great Surf Breaking on the Reef not manny Sick.

Munday 27th Fine Calm Weather Still a Great Surf on the Reef.

Tuesday 28th Fine Moderate weather and the Surf going down went out a Shooting this afternoon to Charlotte Field.

Wednesday 29th Blows fresh from the Eastward and little Surf.

Thursday 30th Fine weather and no Surf here is a nother month gone and no Gorgon come Yet I hope She will be heer before the next is gone.

October 1790 Friday 1st Fine Clear weather no Surf.

Saterday 2d Fine weather little wind almost a Calm no Surf on the Reef.

Sunday 3rd Moderate weather little or no Surf walk out to Charlotte Field after dinner very feu Sick.

Munday 4th Blows Strong from the Eastward no Surf.

Tuesday 5th Cloudy Weather it has been inclinable to Rain all this day no Surf walk out to Cascady farm.

Wednesday 6th Squaly weather and at times Blows hard from the S:W: the Surf getting up Phoebe Flatterty a Female Convict Punished at Charlotte Field with 26 Lashes for coming into town from there Repeatly without Leave She was orderd 50 but on her promise of not to doe the like again the Remainder were forgiven her.

Thursday 7th Blows hard from the Southward and a great Surf.

Friday 8th little wind and clear weather but a great Surf.

Saterday 9th Moderate Weather the wind East the Surf going down.

Sunday 10th Fine moderate weather not much Surf walk out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Return to dinner Price a male Convict died to day which is the first man that has died a natural on this Island .

Munday 11th Clear weather almost a Calm no Surf went a Shooting after breakfast kild a fine pidgeon

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Tuesday 12th Moderate weather little Surf walk out to Charlotte Field after breakfast and Returnd to dinner.

Wednesday 13th Cloudy weather and inclinable to Rain not much Surf.

Thursday 14th Cloudy weather and gentle Shows at times not much Surf.

Friday 15th Squaly weather and blows hard at times the Surf getting up fast.

Saterday 16th Cloudy Weather and hard Shows at times a great Sea Rolling into the Bay with a great Surf on the Reef.

Sunday 17th Squaly Weather Still a great Surf on the Reef wind S:W a good wind for the Gorgan or any thing that is coming here from Port Jackson.

Munday 18th Fair weather wind S: Still a very great Surf walkd out to Charlotte Field after dinner Serjt. Smyths Indian Corn full of the Catterpillars as also all the wheat beloning to the Crown next his Corn which they will Quite destroy.

Tuesday 19th Fine Moderate Weather the Surf going down

Wednesday 20 Clear Moderate Weather with little Surf walk out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Returnd to dinner Punished Chale. White a Famele Convict for telling a Liy to the Centinell a good looking woman but a great thief She Received only 6 Lashes.

Thursday 21st Clear Moderate weather little Surf walked out to Charlotte Field before dinner.

Friday 22d Fine Weather and no Surf.

Saterday 23rd Fine weather little wind and no Surf I wish the Fish would come in for I am Quite Sick of Salt Beef and Salt Pork I cannot eat doe come good Gorgon.

Sunday 24th Fine weather little or no Surf.

Munday 25th Cloudy Weather no Surf a good number of the Convicts Sick Supposed from the Copper Kettles in which they dress there Meat in

Tuesday 26 Moderate Weather and no Surf.

Wednesday 27th Cloudy weather very much inclinable to Rain to day no Surf on the Reef

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October 1790 Thursday 28th Moderate weather no Surf on the Reef I never Saw any thing like the Catter pillars so thick as the[y] are on Serjt. Smyths Corn and on the Pease and Beans beloning to Government I am affraid that the[y] will distroy all the Corn on the Island if the[y] goe on as the[y] have done Since the 18th. of this month.

Friday 29th Moderate weather and no Surf but thousands and thousands of Catter pillards the ground is Cover with them .

Saterday 30th Moderate weather not much Surf .

Sunday 31st Fine moderate weather not much Surf a nother month gone over our heads and no Gorgon I am affraid Some thing has happend to her or She must not have left England when the Governour Says he Expected She would if She dont come Soon it will be very late in the Season to Send use a Way from this Country .

Noverr 1790 Munday 1st Fine weather with little Surf the People Empd. as last month in clearing Ground &c.

Tuesday 2d Clear moderate weather and no Surf .

Wednesday 3rd Cloudy weather no Surf it Raind a little in the night walk out to Cascady Farm before dinner .

Thursday 4th Cloudy weather and inclinable to Rain no Surf on the Reef Walkd out to Charlottes Field after dinner .

Friday 5th Moderate Weather and no Surf .

Saterday 6th Fine Moderate weather little Surf Sent the Boat over to Phillip Island and land my Servant and one of the Boats Crew to Endeavour to get Tropic Birds and the Remainder to goe a Fishing She Returnd about half after twelf with 23 fish and 4 Tropic Birds

Transcript of a262211

Nover. 1790 Sunday 7th Fine Weather and little Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing and to Endeavour to get Birds on Phillip Island the Same as Yesterday the Boat Returned about one oClock with 21 fish and five Tropic Birds and a Young one.

Munday 8th Fine Weather in the Morning and little Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing and for Birds the Same as before She had hardly got well over to the Island when it came on to blow which obliged them todisist going on the Island and as it had the appearence if it would blow very hard the[y] made the best of ther way back and the[y] got Save in when it came on to blow very hard and the Surf Rising very fast the[y] Brought in with them 17 fine Salmon fish which were distributed amongst the officers by one of the Men Burning the wood of the Ground which he was clearing for a Guardin for himself at Charlottes Field the blaze caught one of the hedges/which divides the fields beloning to the Public and Private individuals ground/and distroyd a good dele of Corn Majr. Ross begd. of me to goe out and See what damage the fire had done on which little John and I walkd out we found not So much of the Corn distroyd as Mr. Dodge had Represented to be burnt there is about two Acres of Indian Corn burnt & by the people Exerting themselves the[y] got the fire under and prevented it doing any damage to the wheat.

Tuesday 9th Cloudy weather and blows very hard from the N:W: the Surf going down again Sent the Boat out She Returnd about half after ten with 38 Salmon fish.

Wednesday 10th Dirty Rainy weather and has blown hard from the S:E: all this day not much Surf on the Reef.

Thursday 11th Blows fresh from the S:E: and a great Surf on the Reef

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Novr. 1790 Friday 12th Clear weather blows fresh from the S:E: not So much Surf as Yesterday little John and I walked out to Charlotte Field to see how the[y] have worked Since I was ther last and if the[y] have planted all the Indian Corn which the[y] Received for that purpose.

Saterday 13th Moderate weather not much Surf the wind got round to the Westward hope it will bring the Gorgon for I long to know what is to be come of me if I am to goe home or if any thing will be offerd me to induce me to Remain in this Country a few Years longer.

Sunday 14th Clear weather with a Strong Breeze from the Southward and a good dele of Surf on the Reef after Parade Majr. Ross, Little John & I walked out to Smiths Farm from which throu the woods we intended to have gone to Balls Bay but our Guide lost his way we Returnd back by Phillimors Farm home to dinner after a fatiguin walkd.

Munday 15th Fine Moderate weather the Surf going down the people Empd. as last week in Clearing Ground &c. Wm. Colling and Jas. McKay two Convicts were Punished with 50 Lashes each to day for advising the people to apply to have more time given them I have been all this day Empd. in Measuring the Ground Cleard beloning to the Public round Arthurs Vale.

Tuesday 16th Fine moderate weather Several Gangs of the men convicts and the greatest part of the women convicts Empd. in taking up the Potatoes beloning to the Public.

Wednesday 17th Moderate weather and little Surf the Same number of male convicts Empd. as Yesterday in taking up the potatoes as Yesterday walkd out to Charlotte Field before dinner.

Thursday 18th Fine delightfull weather and no Surf walked out to Charlotte field at day breake (and Returned back to Breakfast) and orderd Mr. Dodge to take up no more potatoes at Charlotte Field than what would Serve the people there the people Empd. in taking up potatoes in the Vale as Yesterday

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Novr. 1790 Thursday 18th Detected two of the Convicts in the Vale in Stealing Potatoes I orderd them to be confined and I hope they both will have a good flogging to Morrow

Friday 19th Fine weather the Boat went out this morning to Phillip Island for Tropic Birds after which to goe a fishing She Returnd about 12 oClock and brought in 34 fish and the[y] were only able to get 4 Tropic Birds the two Convicts John Howard and John Spencer who I confind for Stealing Potatoes Yesterday were Punished with 50 Lashes each to day twelf of the women Convicts were absent from carring the Potatoes to the Potatoe House this morning Orderd them to workd all day tomorrow as a Punishment.

Saterday 20th Fine Mild weather little Surf Sent the Boat a fishing and to Phillip Island for Birds She Returnd about one oClock with 18 fish and Seven Tropic Birds.

Sunday 21st Fine moderate and Pleasent Weather Sent the Boat for Birds and Fishing She Returnd about 12 oClock with only 4 fish and 10 Tropic Birds no Surf.

Munday 22d Moderate weather no Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing She cameback with fish for dinner 34 the people Employd in taking up the Potatoes and the Women in Carring them a way to the Potatoe House Six women Sent to Phillimors Farm to Pick the Catter Pillars of from the Indian Corn walked out to Charlotte Field before dinner to See how the[y] come on there in clearing Ground.

Tuesday 23rd Fine Calm weather no Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing this morning She Returnd about one oClock with 50 Snappers the day has been Remarkably hott.

Wednesday 24th Much the Same weather as we had Yesterday the first part of the day in the afternoon Slight Showers Sent the Boat out a fishing She Returnd about 3 oClock with 3 Tropic Birds and 38 Fish Elizabeth Colley one of the Convict women was brought to Bed of a Boy

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Novembr 1790 Thursday 25 Very Fine Weather but it has been very warm all day the Boat went out a fishing and brought in 49 Snappers went out early to Charlotte Field to Measure the Ground there beloning to the Public after Breakfast Majr. Ross and little John came out to me after having Measurd all the Ground Majr. Ross, Mr. Dodge and my Self went to See the place where Serjt. Clayfield intended Settling as he means to Settle in the Country after looking at the place which I dont admire we Returnd back to dinner to Charlotte Field we dinned Under the Shade of a Tree coverd over with Vines after walking Round all the Field Returnd Home no Surf on the Reef.

Friday 26th Cloudy weather and inclinable to Rain little wind and no Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing in the Morning She Returnd back before dinner with 69 Snappers She went out again after dinner to Phillip Island to See and get Some Tropic Birds Mr. Faddy went in her She Returnd at Sun Sett without any Birds the[y] had all nearly been drownd for after landing the Coxwain Mr. Faddy Said he would not land but would Stay in the Boat while the Coxwain was getting up the Clifts at the Birds the[y] put the Boat off a little way when the[y] got over a Sunking Rock a Ground Swell rose and brock right in the middle of the Boat which fild her and they all being frightend the[y] all got on one Side of the Boat which over Set her and the Next Sea that Brock turnd the Boat Bottom uppermost the[y] Say that the Boat was over Set three times and the Sea by good fortune drove her on Shore wher the Sea throw all the people also Save after Recovering from the terrible Situation that the[y] were in the[y] got the Boat in the

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water again although almost Stove to pices She brought them all Save back again - Faddy is very fortunated that he was not drown as he cannot Swim as every body that was in the Boat at the Time may think themselves So - Mr. Faddy lost his Gun, Great Coat and his Cap - the Boats crue lost all there fishing lines and most all there cloaths also a disagreable Accident happend at Charlotte Field to day in felling the Timber which I orderd to be cut down the last time I was out ther for the purpose to let more Air into the Corn a Tree fel on Henry Palmer a male Convict which nearly kild him on the Spot - the Surgeon orderd him to be brought in as the Tree fell on his head - the[y] have Traponded him and find that his brain is injured and that he could not live - he died in about an hour after the Operation - it came on to Rain about Six this Evening and from the appearance it looks if it would Rain all night - I wish it may for it is very much wanted .

Saterday 27th Fine weather no Surf - it Raind the greatest Part of all last night - Sent the Boat out in the Morning - She Returned at noon with 2 Snappers - it has been Remarkably hott all this day and at Sun Set it had the appearence if it was going to Blow and Rain .

Sunday 28th a Fine clear day although it Raind and blowd the greatest part of last night - too much Surf to Send the Boat out and also to much wind in the offining - wind S:W: which is a good wind for the Gorgon if She is coming heer - after Breakfast walked out with Majr. Ross and little John to Charlotte Field to mark out the Ground the Hutts are to be build for the Convicts Returnd back to dinner - all the people orderd in from Cascade Farm to goe to Charlotte Field except Seven men and all the Women who are to assist Mr. Hume in the Flax Bussiness - I dont for my part

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November 1790 Sunday 28 think the people here will be ever able to make any thing of the Flax so as to make Government any Returns for the Expense that the[y] have already been at

Munday 29th Clear weather with a fresh Breeze from the Southward - too much Sea and Surf to Send the Boat out - after dinner Majr. Ross and little John and Self walkd out to Charlotte Field to See how the[y] come on there - we Returned a little Before Sun Set .

Tuesday 30th Fine Clear weather but too much Surf to Send the Boat out - walked twice out to Charlotte Field once before and once after dinner to direct the people in Building the Houses and in making a Road to there Houses - as Majr. Ross has given me the direction of the little Town which is now begun out there and the ordering of every thing which I may think necessary for that purpose I shall Spend the most of my time out there - most of my Mess mates seem nettled at the ordering and direction of Charlotte Field been given to me if it had been given to any of them I Should not have been Jealous of them for it but if I could have assisted any of them I would have with pleasure DEC 1790 December .

Wednesday 1st Fine Weather - walked out to Charlotte Field twice the Same as Yesterday - a child beloning to Elizabeth Pipkin died to day - it is a good thing that it is dead poor thing for the mother took no cear of it .

Thursday 2d Fine Moderate weather but a good dele of Surf - walked twice out to Charlotte Field .

Friday 3th Fine weather - almost a calm but a great Surf on the Reef - walkd out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast to give Some directions about a Road and how fare I wish to have the Ground cleared where I intend the Houses to be Build - after marking out the

Transcript of a262217

Novr. 1790 Friday 3th Road and the Ground for the principle Street Returnd home to dinner - it has been Remarkably hot to day.

Saterday 4th Fine Calm weather not So much Surf as Yesterday - after Breakfast Majr. Ross, John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field to see what progress I have made this last week and he is very much pleased with what I have done and told me that it is a much better place to Build a Town than the place where he intended to have Built - I am very Glad it has met with his approbation as the frams of two of the Houses are all Ready to put to gether - I hope I shall be able to get them and two others Ready for thatching next week - it has been very hot again to day .

Sunday 5th Fine Moderate weather and no Surf - the Boat went out this morning and Returnd about 11 oClock with 64 Snappers - walked out to Charlotte Field to give directions to Mr. Dodge what I wish the people to goe about in the Morning - a fire Broke out about 3 oClock this afternoon in Town here in one of the Convicts Huts which Consumed it and four more Huts .

Munday 6th Fine weather no Surf - the Boat went out this morning a fishing and to Land my Servant and one of the Boats Crew on Nepean Island to get Gannets for the Sake of the Feathers to make me a Bed - She Return about 11 oClock with only 11 white Fish and 50 Gannets - walked twice out to Charlotte Field once before and once after dinner to see if the people work as I wish them - I am much pleased with there work to day - put a Leg Iron on Dayes a Convict Carpenter as a punishment for coming into Town from Charlotte Field without Leave - [*] Stringer a famele convict was punished to day with 50 Lashes for leaving Smiths Farm without leave and comming in to Town to one of the Seamen - it Blows Fresh this Evening from the Northward

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Dec. 1790 Tuesday 7th Clear weather But blows fresh in the offening - the Boat went out and for Gannets for the Sake of the Feathers - She Returnd about 11 oClock with only 5 fish and 18 Gannets - went out to Charlotte Field twice once before and once after dinner - got one of the Fraims of one of the huts up this afternoon - not So much wind as in the Morning - begun cutting the wheat of Ship wreck Hill to day.

Wednesday 8th Cloudy weather has had the appearence if it would Rain all the day - wish it would for the Indian corn wants it very much - has blown hard all this day from the N:E: - thier being little Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing - She Caught 32 Snappers - the people Empd in Cutting the Wheat on Ship wreck Hill as also Stacking it.

Thursday 9th Cloudy weather blows fresh from the N:E: little Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing - She Returnd at 12 oClock with 64 Snappers - Served them to all the officers and to 50 of the Convicts - went out twice to Charlotte Field - Reaped the Field of Wheat out there - found that two of the Carpenters had Neglected there work at Charlotte Field in my absence which I mentioned to Majr. Ross on my Return this afternoon who has orderd them who has orderd them to be punished with 50 Lashes Each - have got the third House under way Gloster Convict was punishd with 50 Lashes for being impertinent to Mr. Roper .

Friday 10th Clear weather but blows hard in the offening from the N:E: no Surf - walked out to Charlotte Field twice - Jno. Nowland and Wisehamer the two Carpenters were punished out there for Neglecting there work - the former Received the whole of

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Dec. 1790 Friday 10th his punishment 50 Lashes but wisehamer could only bear 8 Lashes - the Surgeon Said that he could not bear more he fainted a way twice.

Saterday 11th Cloudy weather not So much wind as Yesterday little Surf - went out to Charlotte Field before Breakfast which I carried with me - Returned to dinner - nouland and wirehamer the two Convict Carp. which were punishd Yesterday for Neglect of duty have not been at work Since - Reported them to Majr. Ross at my Return who orderd the Store Keeper to Issue only half allowance to them - I was also much displeased with Mr. Dodge at Charlotte Field for not having all the people at work as the[y] ought - he is one of the Kings hard bargains - I hope that the Boat will be able to goe out to morrow for I like fish much better than Salt Beef of which Since I have been here I have I am Sure had my Share of it for Some time.

Sunday 12th Fine Moderate weather little Surf - after Breakfast Majr. Ross and little John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field to See what progress I have made Since he was last there - he is very much pleased and likes the plan of the Houses very much - Returnd to dinner.

Munday 13th Fine Moderate weather little Surf - the Boat went out and Caught only 17 Snappers - have been at Charlotte Field from a little after daylight untill Sun Set - got the Fraim of the fifth house up which I have made larger than the other four - it is twenty feet long and twelf feet Broad - the other four being only fourteen feet by ten - a gang of twelf men Set to work to Endevour to make Bricks.

Tuesday 14th Fine weather little Surf - the Boat went out this morning and Returnd with 90 odd fish mostly Snappers - went out early to Charlotte Field where I have Staid the whole day - I carried my breakfast out with me and had my dinner brought out to me which I shall have done every day that I am out there.

Wednesday 15th Cloudy weather little Surf - the Boat went out and Caught 102 Snappers - the Cutter of the Sirius went out a Sounding - went out to Charlotte Field

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Decr. 1790 Wednesday 15th at day break and Returnd at Sun Set - got a Saw pit made out at Charlotte Field and Shall Send out a pair of Sawyers ther to morrow.

Thursday 16th Moderate weather little Surf - Sent the Boat out this morning - She Returnd about 10 oClock on Account of there being to much Swell andthey were affraid that the Surf was going to get up - She brought in 51 Snappers - could not goe out to Charlotte Field to day being bussey Empd in the Morning in delivering out Necessaries to the two Compy. and in the afternoon could not goe as Majr. Ross did not wish me to goe to day.

Friday 17th Cloudy weather with a Strong Gale from the S:W: - hope it will bring the Gorgon - the Surf getting up fast - went out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returned at Sun Set - orderd Mr. Dodge to give two pounds of potatoes a pice to Sixteen of the men who have worked very hard all day and I believe the[y] have nothing to eat - Saml. Banner a male convict left his work at Charlotte Field to day.

Saterday 18th Cloudy weather and Showery blows hard from the S.W. a good dele of Surf - went out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd to dinner - Saml. Banner I found Still absent but on my Return to Town Majr. Ross informd me that Mr. Irvin on his Return from Seing the Sick at Charlotte Field had met with him on the Road and brought him in - I askd Majr. Ross to permit B. Dayes to come in to Town to have his Indian corn up - he Said that I might doe with him as I pleasd - I might Release him out of Irons if I pleased which I have done because he has worked well ever Since he was put in to Irons - I complaind to Majr. Ross that Jas. Elliot one of the convict Carpenters out at Charlotte Field had Shirkd his work three different times although he had been told of it every time and when Dayes Spoke to him about it he began to abuse him and would not be Quite when I orderd him

Transcript of a262221

Decr. 1790 Saterday 18th I brought him into Town with me and told Majr. Ross who orderd him to Recieve 100 Lashes and Banner the Same number for leaving his work Yesterday and this morning Elliot could only bear 73 and Banner 79 Lashes when I orderd them both out to Charlotte Field.

Sunday 19th Fine weather but blows fresh from the South West and a great dele of Surf.

Munday 20th Moderate weather not much Surf walked out to Charlotte Field Soon after day break and Returned at Sun Set got the Eight Fraim of the Eight house up Tuso a male Convict at Charlotte Field left his work to day and Run into the woods because I told him I would flog him for Refusing to doe what Mr. Dodge order him I hope he will never Return again for he is a great Rascall.

Tuesday 21st Fine Calm weather walked out to Charlotte Field and Returnd to dinner no Surf Send the Boat over to Phillip Island for Tropic Birds and to goe a fishing She Returnd about 1 oClock with 18 Tropic Birds and 76 Snappers Served them to the officers and the Marines.

Wednesday 22d Fine calm weather no Surf Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island for Gannets and a fishing She Returned about 1 oClock with 26 Gannets and 37 Snappers walked out to Charlotte Field after dinner Jno. Pugh a marine Confined and put in Irons for Stealing Potatoes out of the Public Store when he was Sentinell there last night I hope when he is Tryed which will be at Port Jackson that he will be hangd that is all the harm that I wish him.

Thursday 23rd Fine weather no Surf the Boat went over to Nepean and Phillip Island for Birds and to goe a fishing She Returned about 1 oClock with 10 Gannets 25 Tropic Bird and 37 Snappers went out to Charlottes Field after Breakfast and Returnd at Sun Set

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Decr 1790 Friday 24th Squally wind west it Raind very hard in the night not much Surf on the Reef Sent the Boat out for Gannets and a fishing She Returnd about after Eight with only 4 Snappers there was too much Surf Round Nepean Island for the Boat to Land with Safety for to get Birds and it Blowd too hard for them to fish after Breakfast Majr. Ross, John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field to See what progress I have made Since his last being there he told me that he is very much pleasd with what I have done in the manner I have planed and Built the Houses.

Saterday 25th Fine weather but blows fresh from the Southward and a great Sea Rolling into the Bay which will make a great Surf on the Reef on which there is a great dele at present this being Christmas day I wish a merry merry Christmas to all the world the most poorest person in England will be better off this day than any of use here for the[y] will be able to get Small bier with their dinner to drink if nothing better and there is not any of use will have anything better but cool water this will be a dry Christmas doe good Gorgon come and take use away from this place.

Sunday 26th Fine weather little wind but a great Surf on the Reef I wish to god the Gorgon would arrive every day is an age I am affraid Some Accidenthas happend to her Touso who left his work on the 20 Inst at Charlotte for my telling him that I would flog him for being impertinent to Mr. Dodge gave himself up last night to Mr. Hume at Cascade from whence he was brought last night and put in Irons.

Munday 27th Fine weather Blows fresh in the offening wind a Southing by west a good dele of Surf on the Reef walked out to Charlotte Field at day break Staid untill Sun Set Majr. Ross Sent out Touso to be Punished which he was and Received 100 Lashes and to work in Irons on the Road untill further orders

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Decr 1790 Tuesday 28 Cloudy weather and blows hard from the East a good dele of Surf on the Reef walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set got the fram of of the tenth House up.

Wednesday 29th Fine weather walked out to Charlotte Field at day break Returnd back to dinner Set the Carpenters in Building a Bridge across the Run of water Returned back to dinner Empd. this afternoon in getting the Quarterly Accounts Ready for Signing wind East and a little Surf.

Thursday 30th. Fine weather and no Surf Sent the Boat out walkd out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returned Untill Sun Set directing the Carpenters how I wish the Bridge to be Build the Boat Returnd about 12 oClock with 77 Snappers which were Servd out to the Marines and to the Seamen.

Friday 31st Fine Weather no Surf Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island to Endeavour to get Some Gannets for the Feathers the Surf was to great at the Island the Boat could not land with Safety on which the[y] went a way to the West side of the Island a fishing the[y] Caught 70 odd Snappers which were Servd out to the Seamen Marines &c. walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set if I had not Volluntiered this I Should have been dead I believe with lowness of Spirits this is the last day of the Year 1790 I trust in God the Year 1791 will be a more fortunate one than 89 or 90 have been in the Year 89 I lost all my things in the Guardian and in this Year I lost all my things in the Sirius I Should forget it all if the Gorgon would come and take me home to my beloved family for I realy wish to be with them I have been too long a way from them.

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Jany. 1st 1791 Saterday 1st Many happy Returns of the day to all my friends here we have now enterd into the Year 91 and no Gorgon good God what is become of her I hope She has not Run against ane Island of Ise like the Guardian I wish to God that She was come or Some other good Ship to Carry use a way it has been fine moderate weather all this day but the little wind that there is is from the Eastward which is against any think coming to this place Majr. Ross orderd Mary Nash a famele convict out at Charlotte Field both Legs in Irons on my Representing to him that all the people Say that She is the person they Believe that Steal all ther things and goes into town to Sell them to the Seamen She is big with child otherwise Should have floggd her Yesterday for She is a D…… B…… .

Sunday 2d Fine Moderate weather the Boat went out a fishing ther being no Surf She Returnd a bout 12 oClock with 75 Snappers which I Served out to the officers and to Some of the Convicts particular to them that behave well and that work well Majr. Ross, John and my Self walkd out to Charlotte Field and is much pleased with what I have done Creswell informd me this morning that Mr. Bryon and Shortland had Some words a few days back Respecting a Convict H….. when Mr. Shortland told Mr. Bryon that he was a damed Rascall and a Scoundrall which Mr. Bryon has not taking any notice of he being a distant Relation of Mrs. Ross I told Majr. Ross of it that he would not ask Mr. Bryon to dine any more with use nor bring him amongst us for Suffering himself to be treated in the manner he was and not take any notice of it by calling Mr. Shortland to ane Account Majr. Ross Said he certainly would not and Should Send to him to desire him not to come near him as the above was Reported of his permitting Mr. Shortland to treat him which Majr. Ross did in the afternoon

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January 1791 Tuesday 25th Fine Moderate weather no Surf the Boat went out and brought in 105 fine Snappers walkd out to Charlotte Field at day break and gave orders for a Jail to be built which is a thing that is much wanted to Confine them the misbehavour in it I also gave orders for a pair of Stocks to be made at the Jail door and a neck coller for the Ladies for I never came a Cross Such a Sett of D…… B…… in my life they make me Curs and Swer my Soul out I shall order them to be locked up in the Jail every night that misbehavour when the Jail is finishd Oatway Ingle Received 21 Lashes being part of the Remainder of his punishment which he could not bear more on the 17th.Instant Returnd from Charlotte Field at Sun Sett it has been Remarkable hot to day.

Wednesday 26th Fine weather no Surf Sent the Boat out and She brought in [*] Snappers Walked out to Charlotte Field at drum beating in the morning and Returnd to dinner very warm to day when will the Gorgon come I long much to what is to become of use and to know if I am to get any thing in this new Corps to induce me to Quite the Marines and to Remain in this Country John Clayton one of the Marines out at Charlotte went out to day to get Some wood Cabbages in coming down the tree he fell with his back Side on a Stump which Run up his back Side a great way and has tore him very much he must have walkd in great pain as he was above a Mile from Charlotte Field when he fell from the Tree.

Thursday 27th Fine weather little wind from the Eastward no Surf Sent the Boat out She Caught 52 Snappers went out to Charlotte Field at Revelly Beating and Returned a little after Sun Set got the Fraim of the Jail up Yesterday afternoon this day three Years we came into P. Jackson harbour with the fleet from B. Bay.

Friday 28th Fine Moderate weather very little wind and no Surf Sent the Boat out to Phillip Island for Tropic Birds and to goe a fishing She brought in 21 Tropic Birds and 50 odd Snappers has been very warm all this day Since noon there has a little Breeze Sprung up from the Westward hope to God it will bring Some thing to take use a way or to tell use that we are not to be Relieved this Year which will be better than been in this Suspence I hope if So the Supply will be the Ship

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Jany 1791 Friday 28th that brings use the Account that we are not to be Relieved this Year for from her we will be able to get Some Tea and Sugar if we dont get any thing else for I have not nor has Majr. Ross drunk a dish of tea or drunk a Glass of wine these Six months our Breakfast is dry bread and Coffy made from burnt wheat and we are glad even to be able to get that God help use I hope we will Soon See better days Soon for the[y] cannot well be Worse.

Saterday 29th Blows Fresh from the S:W and the first part of the day Squaly a Fine wind for anything that is coming to this Island from Port Jackson a Great Surf got up Since this Morning Yesterday afternoon Jno. Robins a Convict went to the N:E: part of the Island with Some of the Seamen beloning to the Sirius a fishing when endeavouring to getfrom one rock to another he fell into the Sea and went down like a Stone and was unfortunately drown the people could give him no Assistance for the[y] never Saw him after he Slipt into the Water he was a very good Quite man he is one of Plymouth old Town George Guest a Convict was Punished with 50 Lashes for telling a liy to Majr. Ross.

Sunday 30th Blows hard from the S:W: and a very great Surf on the Reef the first part of the day fine cool and the latter part Squaly I hope this wind will bring the Gorgon here.

Munday 31st Fine weather not So much Surf as Yesterday but Still a very great Surf the wind got Round to its old Quarter again to the Eastward which is against any thing coming from Port Jackson to this Island as we have from no other place anything to expect Jas. Robinson (Convict) the Coxwin of the Coble was punished with 50 Lashes for disobediance of orders by killing Pidgeons which are not permitted to be kild but by the people who the Surgeon thinks are in want of them to make them a little Soup as the[y] are the only fresh thing that will make a little weak Soup for the Sick and if every body was

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Jany 1791 Munday 31st at liberty to kill them when the[y] thought proper ther would Soon not be a pidgeon left on the Island her this is a nother month gone over our head neather Gorgon nor anything else from port Jackson Surly Some Accident must have happened to her and I begin to give the Supply over also for She has had time to be back from Batavia long befor this I hope that She is not lost I Should be very Sorry for it if She is

February Tuesday 1st Fine weather the wind Still East and blows in the offening the Surf gone down greatly have been at Charlotte Field Since day break and am Just Returned Orderd a Fraim of Mr. Wentworths house to be begun.

Wednessday 2d Fine weather not much Surf on the Reef but blows hard in the offening the Seamen Empd. in Getting on Shore the Guns &c. from the wreck of the Sirius the[y] Could not get any on Shore to day will I believe make another attempt tomorrow have been at Charlotte Field from drum beating in the Morning Untill Sun Set.

Thursday 3th Many happy Returns of the day to my B…… A….. a Fine cool day very Cloudy hope it will Rain as the Ground wants it very much the Coble went out a fishing and brought in only 18 Snappers no Surf have been at Charlotte Field from day break until Sun Set a Proclamation came out Respecting the killing of Sows Pigs &c. for which See the Council Book .

Friday 4th Fine weather but has been Remarkably hott not much Surf Sent the Boat out and the[y] Caught 43 Snappers - Mary Long a Convict Woman Punished with Lashes for a busing and Stricking a nother Convict Woman big with Child - Long is a most abandoned woman as is on the Island

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Feby. 1791 Saterday 5 Fine Showry weather no Surf the Boat went out a fishing in the morning and brought in 31 Snappers Majr. Ross Sent Mr. Morley over to Phillip Island this afternoon to See if there is any water on the Island ther and to Keep the Boat and the Boats Crew all night walked out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Returned to dinner .

Sunday 6th Fine weather little wind and in the morning little Surf about Seven oClock the whole place was in an uproar with the Cry of a Ship in Sight about Eight oClock could See her very plain which we all thought that it was the Gorgon but when She came a little nearer Saw that it was the Supply Brig Mr. Bradly went on board of her to bring the letters &c. on Shore but Soon after the Boat got out the surf got up So much as to oblige use to hauld the Signal down to tell the Boat that She must Remain on board of the Brigg for the Surf was So great that She could not come in again hope the Boat that went to the Island and people are Save I have been Quite on the Rack all day to know if the Gorgon is at Port Jackson or if we are to Remain any longer heer I hope we will be able to get a Boat from her to morrow although there is a terrible Surf now on the Reef and a great Sea in the Bay I suppose She will carry away the Seamen of the Sirius and hope She has brought use also Some tea and Sugar as I have not tasted a dish of tea these Six months - I hope also that Capt. Campble has purchased me Some Linnen to make Shirts and Some nankeen for breeches both of which I am very much in want of

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Feby. 1791 Munday 7 Fine weather and the Supply in Sight not So much Surf as Yesterday the Boat from the Island Returned Soon after the Boat from the Supply brought the dispachess for Majr. Ross Acquainting use that the Gorgon was not Yet arrived at Port Jackson and that She came to take Captain Hunter and all the Seamen Except Such as wished to Remain as Settlers on the Island I am very glad that the Seamen are goingaway but I would much Reather that we had being going also Received a letter from Mr. Waterhouse enclosing my letters which I gave him last march on the Supply Returning to Port Jackson after the loss of the Sirius to get Sent to England by the first Ship that went from Port Jackson if he was not going himself he acquainted me that he gave my two letters to Mr. Favell on the Supplys going to Batavia and that Mr. Favell being Sick he must have forget them for after his death they were found amongst his things I am very Sorry that the[y] did not goe home as the[y] would have being in England long before this Empd in getting on Shore from the Supply the Stoars &c for the Island from her and Sending the Baggage beloning to Capt. Hunter officers and Seamen that are going to Port Jackson on board.

Tuesday 8th Fine weather no Surf - the Boat Empd. in brining from and carring on board thing from the Supply - She has brought nothing for me.

Wednesday 9th Very fine weather no Surf the Boat Empd. as Yesterday walked out to Charlotte Field with Mr. Callam after dinner wrot a long letter to Captain Campbell desiring he would Send me Something for which See the letter Book

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Feby 1791 Thursday 10th Remarkably fine weather no Surf the Boats Empd. as befor She will be able to Sail to morrow as every thing is out of her and all the things that are going in her back are on board Except the Seamen who will Embarck to Morrow She now only waits for Majr. Ross's letters.

Friday 11th Fine moderate weather no Surf and very little wind Captain Hunter and all the Seamen Embarck wrote a nother letter to Capt. Campbell in addition to the one I sent yesterday See the letter Book Carried Majr. Ross's despatchess for the Governor on board of the Supply who Soon after made the Best of her way back to Port Jackson John Johnstone has also gone in the Supply by Majr. Ross's permission for the Recovery of his health which I think he never will Regain again I wish them all a good passaged and hope to See the Supply Soon back again with the news of the arrival of the Gorgon for to take use home.

Saterday 12th Fine weather no Surf nor the Supply in Sight Sent the Boat out a fishing and land on Phillip Island to get tropic Birds She Returned about 12 oClock with 53 Snappers and after the people had there dinner the Boat went back to the Island to fetch my Servant and the Coxwain who was left ther to Catch the Birds the Boat Returned about 4 oClock with 69 Tropic Birds .

Sunday 13th Fine weather little wind and little Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing She Returnd about 10 oClock with 12 fish wind west which is against the Supply.

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Munday 14th Squaly most of this day and the Surf getting up - after Breakfast walked out to Charlotte Field and found that there has been near two thousand Cobbs of Corn Stole out of the fields Since I was last throu them - puld about 800 Cobbs which are ripe and Sent them in heer - Returned to Tea Tuesday 15th.

Fine weather a great Surf - it has been Remarkably hott to day - after Breakfast went out to Charlotte Field and got about five Thousand Ripe Cobbs of Indian Corn puld and Sent into Town - Returned back to Tea - Elizh. Breeze a notarious thief was Punished to day with 75 Lashes for killing and Stealing a hen beloning to Edwd. Goff - [*] Vinry male Convict Punished with 100 Lashes for Stealing [*] Cobbs of Indian Corn - Jno. Hudson a Convict Boy Punished with 50 Lashes for been out of his hutt after nine oClock Wednesday 16th.

Fine weather a great Surf on the Reef - walked out to Charlotte Field at day light and Returnd to dinner - Sent in from Charlotte Field one thousand and fifty Cobbs of Indian Corn which is all that is Ripe there as Yet Thursday 17th.

Fine weather Still a great Surf on the Reef - walkd out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set - John Copper alias Thomas a Convict has Run away into the woods this afternoon on Account of the Rest of the Convicts Accusing him with being the person that has Stole the Indian Corn out of the Fields at Charlotte Field - I hope that he never will come back again for he is a great Rascall - ane order came out Respecting ane patrol being orderd to watch at night for which See the Orderly Book - it has been Remarkably hott to day - little wind but that is fair for the Supply getting to Port Jackson hope She Soon will Return

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Feby 1791 Friday 18th Fine Weather but a great Surf on the Reef Jno. Copper put in Irons at Charlotte Field untill he can be Sent to Nepean Island wher Majr.Ross intend to Send him and a few more of the Suspicious persons as Soon as he can Send Water over ther .

Saterday 19th Fine weather Still to much Surf on the Reef for the Boat to goe out - it has been Remarkably hot all day .

Sunday 20th Squaly weather and has blown hard from the Southward all this day it Raind in the first part of the day most all the time, in the afternoon it turned out a very fine Majr. Ross, little John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field and Return to Tea Majr. Ross is very much pleased with what I have been doing Since he was out last there.

Munday 21st Fine weather but Remarkably hot the Surf gone down very much walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set Heny. Lovell Convict was Punished with Lashes for telling a palpable lye .

Tuesday 22d very fine weather to much Surf Still to Send the Boat out walked out to Charlotte Field about five oClock and Returnd at Sun Sett - got the Fraim of Mr. Wentworths House up hope that it will be Soon finished for him to get into it as it is very disagreable for him to be obliged to walk out ther every day to See the Sick got all the working women out from her to Charlotte to assist the women there to carry flax for thatching the Houses .

Wednesday 23d Fine weather not much Surf hope the Boat will be able to goe out to morrow if the weather is fine have been at Charlotte Field Since day break untill Sun Set all the working women out ther the Same as Yesterday .

Thursday 24th very fine weather no Surf Sent the Boat out She Returnd to dinner with 95 Snappers which were divided amonst the officers Marines and Convicts as fare as the[y] would goe Majr. Ross Sent out 44 of them to me at Charlotte Field to

Transcript of a262233

Feby 1791 Thursday 24th divide them amongst the people out there as I thought proper have been at Charlotte Field all day

Friday 25 Remarkably fine weather no Surf Sent the Boat out to Phillip Island to Land the Coxwin, my Servant and five Marines for the purpose to Collect Tropic Birds for the Sake of there feathers and the Boat to goe afishing the Boat Returnd about 11 oClock with 85 Snappers and after the Boats Crue had got ther dinner Sent her over for the people on the Island She Returned about Six oClock with all the people 165 Tropic Birds and 28 Snappers which were given to the people that went for Birds and the Boats Crue the Commissary Served Cloaths out to the Women Beloning to Charlotte Field and Cascade which the poor devils the[y] very much wanted for some of them had not So much peticoat as would cover ther commical cuck the Slops that was issued out to them was as much of Lancaster Shirting as would make them a Shift as much as will make each two peticoats as much as will make a Jacket Six Skein of thread a Thimble a few needles and a pair of Scissors now the[y] have got two things of a Sort for the[y] have only one Shift and one Jacket - Poor Soul the[y] want things bad a nuf god knows.

Saterday 26th very fine weather no Surf Sent the Boat out as yesterday She Returnd to dinner with 53 Snappers which were Served out to the officer and to the detachment She went after the Boats Crue had ther dinner for the people on the Island and Returned with 32 Snappers and 90 Tropic Birds .

Sunday 27th very fine Moderate weather no Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing She Returned about 11 oClock with 51 Snappers which after Serving all the officers Served the Remainder out amongst the Carpenters Sawyers &c the Commy. Served out Slops the Same as on friday to the women in here very hot to day

Transcript of a262234

Feby 1791 Munday 28 Fine Weather little wind and little Surf - Sent the Boat out a fishing She Returned with 78 Snappers which were Served out to the officers of the Detachment Settlement & non Commd officers overseers &c. went out to Charlotte Field a little after drum beating where I Staid untill Sun Set Empd. mostly in Measuring the cleard ground belonging to the Convicts .

March Tuesday 1st very Moderate weather no Surf It has been Remarkably all this day Sent the Boat out for Birds and a fishing She Returnd about 12 oClock with only 9 Snappers and Eight Tropic Birds the[y] were obliged to come back the[y] were affraid that the Surf was going to get up have been at Charlotte Field the greatest part of this day .

Wednesday 2d cloudy weather little wind not much Surf on the Reef Sent the Boat out a fishing She Returned about 12 oClock with Snappers which were Served out to the officers &c. walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returned from there at Sun Set .

Thursday 3d Cloudy weather and blows very hard from the S:E: a good dele of Surf on the Reef walked out to Charlotte Field at day break Majr. Ross walked out to See me after dinner with whom I Returnd home at Sun Set he is very much pleased with what I have been doing Since his been out there last Empd. all the people out there to day the Carpenters excepted (who are putting the Logs round Mr. Wentworths house) in making the Road wider the women Empd. in gathering the Corn Sent in from there Six thousand four hundred Cobbs of Indian Corn Hill Convict was Punished with 100 Lashes for Carrying away the Kings Stores

Friday 4 Fine weather but Blows hard from the Eastward no Surf on the Reef .

Saterday 5th Fine moderate weather and not much Surf a nother attemp made on the Store last night but from the Vigilance of the Sentinal the[y] were prevented from breaking in the[y] got of but left three Flour bags behind all the people were musterd and order to look at the Bags to See if they know them when two of the women owned them Said that they had lent them to Gualt

Transcript of a262235

March 1791 Saterday 5th Mr. Freemans Servant when Majr. Ross order him in irons when Soon after he confessed that the[y] had been lent to him which he at first denied and Said that Strong a nother Convict that works in Mr. Freemans Guardian had borowed them from him Yesterday morning and that he was the person who had attemped to break open the Store last night and last Saterday night when Strong was also order into Irons there attempting to break the Store will not hang them but I hope Majr. Ross will give them a hearty floggen ther was Some body else but the[y] will not inform who the[y] were wind to the West point this afternoon.

Sunday 6th Squaly weather and blows hard from the westward not much Surf on the Reef a fine afternoon and warm out of the wind Cut four Bunches of greaps to day which are the first that were ever cut in this Island in a few Years the[y] will be able to make very good wine for greaps thrive very well her as the[y] doe also at Port Jackson.

Munday 7th very fine moderate weather but to much Surf to Send the Boat out have been at Charlotte Field Since a little after day light John Gualt and Strong were Punished with one hundred lashes each for attempting to break open the Public Store when there backs are well the[y] are each to Receive two hundred lashes more one hundred at Charlotte Field and the other at Cascady the People Empd at Charlotte Field as before.

Tuesday 8th Fine Moderate weather but a good dele of Surf have been at Charlotte Field Since day break untill Sun Set.

Wednesday 9th Cloudy and Sultry weather not much Surf walkd out to Charlotte Field a little after day break and Returnd at Sun Set This day four Years I embarkd on board of the Friendship for New South Wales

Transcript of a262236

March 1791 Thursday 10th Thick Squaly weather the most of the day little Surf on the Reef Sent Boat out a fishing She Returned with the Fish to dinner 50 Snappers all the Men Convicts in Town Empd. in making a Road a cross the Swamp which has been much wanted from the manner that the[y] are going on it will be a good one got all the Women Convicts out of Town to Charlotte Field to bring flax from the Sea Shore for to thatch the Houses out there got 30 pair of womans Shoes out of the Store for the Most deserving of the woman out ther.

Friday 11th Fine moderate weather the first part of the day the latter Cloudy and blows hard from the N.W. Sent the Boat out She Returned about 11 oClock with Snappers which were Served out to the Marines and to the Convicts who are at work in making the Road a Cross the Swamp not much Surf Saterday 12th.

Squaly weather it Raind Very hard in the night a fine day I wish that the Rain had continued longer for it is much wanted it blows very hard from the S:E: not much Surf Served the Convicts Indian Corn three pound of Indian Corn for two pound of flour Mary Sprigmore a Convict woman was deliverd of a Girl today.

Sunday 13th Fair weather and not much Surf I have been a twelf month on this Island to day I hope I Shall not be a nother 12 month in misery.

Munday 14th Squaly weather walked out to Charlotte Field and Returnd back to dinner.

Tuesday 15th Squaly weather with Rain at times blows hard from the Northward little Surf it has been very Close today have been at Charlotte Field all day.

Wednesday 16th First part of the day Squaly Blows hard from the N.W. little Surf have been at Charlotte Field all day.

Thursday 17th Fine weather Squaly the latter part of the day walked out to Charlotte Field L: Deyer Convict Carpenter was punished

Transcript of a262237

March 1791 Thursday 17th with 75 Lashes for Stricking James Rulby Marine he ought have Received a 150 but he could not bear any more he Richly deserved it for I told Deyer that he was not to goe into the house as I had placed Rulby Centinel at the dore to prevent any body going into the House and he would goe in and when Rulby was preventing him he Struck Rulby which I could not forgive that of a Damed Rascal of a Convict to Strick a Soldier as Such I told Majr. Ross last night on my Return from Charlotte Field who Sent Creswell out to enquire into it and to See him Deyer punished if it was I had Represented to Majr. Ross which Creswell found it was the Surgeon order Deyer into Town walked into dinner with Creswell and after dinner went again out to Charlotte Field and Returned to Tea this is St. Patricks day a poor Patricks day for the Irishmen that are here the[y] have nothing to drink.

Friday 18th it has blown a hard gale of wind all this last night from the N:W: and it has blown very hard all this day from the WS:W: with Rain at times the Surf is getting up fast Walked out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Returned to dinner.

Saterday 19th Blows very hard in Squals all this day and a great Surf this day twelf months the Sirius run on Shore a most unfortunated day for me for I lost all my things by her.

Sunday 20th much the Same weather as Yesterday but it has been very cold all this day Munday 21st.

Fine weather but a great Surf have been at Charlotte Field all day.

Tuesday 22d Cloudy weather the Surf gone down for there were Several Showrs in the Night have been at Charlotte Field all day

Transcript of a262238

March 1791 Wednesday 23 Fine weather not to hot it Raind the greatest part of all last night walked out to Charlotte Field a little before day light Jas. Morrell and Jas. Grace two of the Convicts went to Mount Pit to See if the Birds were come in the[y] were taking Prisoners by the Patrole and when I came out Mr. Doidge Reported them to me when I order them to work and tooke the Birds from them /the[y] got 23/ and gave the Birds to the Patrole &c. and acquainted Majr. Ross with it that the Birds were Returned to the Mount again who Sent me out word to desire Mr. Doidge would lett Some men goe there every night to get Birds for them selves and that he would Stop Salt Provisions in lieu of the Birds

Thursday 24th Fine weather but blows hard from the Eastward a Court Martial Sat to day for the Trial of Geo. Plyer for contempt and disobediance of orders to Capt. Johnstone of which Court I was a Member he was centenced to Receive 150 Lashes walked out to Charlotte Field after the Court Martial was over and Returned to Tea Birds brought in last night by the Marines by Convicts

Friday 25 Squaly weather and blows very hard the Centence of the Court Martial held Yesterday was carried into Execution and he Received the whole of his Centance a good dele of Surf Birds brought in last night M C the people Say that the[y] See no difference in the Birds that the[y] are as numorous as ever.

Saterday 26th Cloudy weather and blows very hard from the Eastward and the Surf getting up very fast Geo. Bannister punishd with 50 Lashes for theft and Sarah Lyons Punished with 25 Lashes for Stricking and ill using Chat. White the[y] both belong to Charlotte Field the woman is a D…. B… Birds brought in last night and to night by M by C

Transcript of a262239

March 1791 Sunday 27th Cloudy weather and Still Blows very hard from the Eastward a Great Surf.

Munday 28th Cloudy weather with a fresh Breeze from the Eastward a good dele of Surf on the Reef Punished Chas. Illid one of the Convict Carpenters for Stealing Scantling from the Hospital with 50 Lashes have been at Charlotte Field all day.

Tuesday 29th Fine weather little wind and that from the Eastward but a great Surf been at Char. Field all day.

Wednesday 30th Fine moderate weather but a great Surf this is my Birth day walked out to Charlotte Field Returned to dinner as Majr. Ross wished it and that he would come and Meet me which he did.

Thursday 31st Fine Moderate weather but a great Surf Walked out to Charlotte Field at day light and Returned to Tea Geo. Johnstone and Creswell came out to See how I goe on Creswell I doe not like because he don't wish me well he would give a good dele that he had never Seen me or that I had not come on this Expedition for he thinks that I am a Damd thorn in his way as he thinks that I will get Some thing by my Volunteering this bussiness of building a Town out at Charlotte Field I am Certain that he would doe me all injury in his power but I am awair of him from information that has been given me that he will if he can therfor I will take care of him I dont care how much he grins but by God he must not attemp to bite for if he dose this world will be to Small for both of use to live in and that I believe he knows or he would have Shown his Teeth more than what he has done

Transcript of a262240

April 1791 Friday 1st.

Fine weather Wind East and a great Surf on the Reef the people that went to Mount Pit for Birds last night Say that the[y] are Remarkably plenty.

Saterday 2d Fine Moderate weather little wind and that from the Eastward not So much Surf as Yesterday but Still a very great one Harris Convict that went a way from Charlotte Field Yesterday week Mr. Doidge went to Mount Pit last night and took him there and has brought him in Majr. Ross has orderd him to be Chaind to the Black Smiths forge and only to have half allowance he is a Cursed Lazey fellow that will neather work for the Crown nor himself I hope that I Shall not be plaged any more with him out at Charlotte Field

Sunday 3 Moderate weather and not much Surf wind East.

Munday 4th Fine weather and little Surf but blows fresh in the offening from the Eastward have been at Charlotte Field all this day Jno. Duvalt Received the Remainder of his punishment (for attempting to break into the Public Store on the Night of the 4 of last month) at Cascade this day 70 Lashes.

Tuesday 5th Fine weather and little Surf but blows fresh out from the N:E: the four Convict women were Punished for Refusing to doe what ther overseer orderd them Viz Rachl. Early with 10 Lashes Ann Carty with 10 Lashes Hannah Hawkings with 25 Lashes Meridith with 25 Lashes the first is the Most abandond woman that I ever know or herd of have been at Charlotte Field all this day.

Wednesday 6th Cloudy weather and not much Surf wind East been at Charlotte Field all this day .

Thursday 7th Fine weather and little Surf wind east got Mr. Wentworths House So

Transcript of a262241

April 1791 Thursday 7th Fare finished that he may goe into it tomorrow if Majr. Ross thinks proper

Friday 8th. Fine weather not much Surf but blows fresh out from the Eastward.

Saterday 9th Fine weather not much Surf but blows hard in the offening from the Eastward Strong who was concerned with Duvalt in attempting to Break into the Public Store on the night of the 4 of last month was Punished at Charlotte Field with 100 Lashes which he was orderd to Receive out ther as ane Example to the People out ther being the Remainder of What he was orderd this being the day according to the orders &c. of the January last for Stopping two pounds of flour from every male Convict and the Store not admitting of more than three fourths of the full allowance of Flour and Salt provisions to be issued to the Cival and Military on this Island Majr. Ross order no more than three fourths of the full allowance to be Issued the Marines Refused to take there provisions from the Store Keeper alledgin that the Convicts were better off than they were one there Six pounds of Flour for the[y] had Gardians which the[y] had not and that they were obliged to pay for greens to the Convicts two pounds of flour a week or goe without greens the[y] then were asked whose falt it was that the[y] had not Guardians the[y] made manny idle and Vague excuses but the[y] would not take there Ration what they wanted and which I believe to be the truth was that they were trying who Shoud be Master Majr. Ross or them as the[y] wanted Majr. Ross to Recall the order which he Issued out but Much to the Credit of Majr. Ross as an officer is a thing he would not doe he Sent Captain Johnstone to the Men again to tell

Transcript of a262242

April 1791 Saterday 9th sending to them any more to know why the[y] would not take there provisions but would take other measures with them and desird Capt. Johnstone to goe down and call the Role of the two Companies and inform them that he (Capt. Johnstone) would march them to the Store House and See which man would dare to Refuse to take his Rations Capt. Johnstone Returnd to Majr. Ross and informd him that he had told the Men what he had desird him to Say and had orderd the men not to be out of there Barracks for that half after one he Should March them to the Store house and then See if they would Refuse to take there provisions and that more than two thirds of the Men would take there provisions Majr. Ross informd Capt. Johnstone that when he Marchd the Men to the Store House that he Should take that opportunity to disarm them for Such men were not to be trusted with arms which Capt. Johnstone and myself agreed in at half after one Capt Johnstone, Creswell, Faddy and myself went down to the Barrack Yard to March the Men to the Store when Capt Johnstone orderd the Men to get there Bags &c. to get there provisions in when Some of the Men Joseph Lewis and Some others came up and Spoke to Capt Johnstone and Said that the[y] would goe and take there provisions and would not give him ore anybody any further trouble and were Sorry they had given So much which I was very Glad to find for ane hour before this I did not think it would have been So well Settled without a great dele of Blood this day has been near one of the most Critical days in my life never was Club Law near

Transcript of a262243

April 1791 Saterday 9th taking place in any part of the World than it was in this I wish that we were fairly away from this Island for I am affraid if we Stay much longer we will not get away without a great dele of Bloodshed for our men here are the Most Mutinous Set I ever was amongst and are ripe for rising against any Authority the principals amongst them are Thomas Tynon, Andw. Fisbourn, Francis Mee, John Baily, John Roberts, Elias Bishop and William Simms the[y] were the principal Speakers particular the four first I wish that I was only despotic for three hours I would hang the above Seven and then make the Rest draw lots for every fift man and I would hang them also weather the[y] had any hand with the other or not but because the[y] keep Such bad Company or they Should hang me .

Sunday 10th Fine weather and little Surf but blows hard from the East Majr. Ross sent for Jno. Ascott who had been his Servant a few days since but had parted with him on account of his Running after the women and askd him what the Men intended doing Yesterday if he had not taking there provisions he Said that he did not no but that the men hadlooked very cool on him Since Yesterday because he was the first man that Said he would take his provisions So much So that he asked all the men in the Barrack to lend him a knife and none of them would that Francis Mee Said that Marching Regiment Should Stick together when I made Answer (Ascott) and there officers Should also Majr. Ross Sent for Joseph Ratford and askd him if he knew what the men intended to doe if the[y] had not taking there provisions he Said that he was not amongst the men exept when Capt. Johnstone

Transcript of a262244

April 1791 Sunday 10th orderd the Companies to fall in that thought then as he dose now that the men were wrong for he did not Expect to be so long on full allowance as he has been for he did not think the Store could have afforded to have given full allowance So long as it has done I askd Henry Parsons to day what they intended doing if the[y] had not taking there provisions as the[y] had Parsons made me (Ratford) for answer that we Should have gone to the Store and demanded our full allowance of the Store Keeper and if he would not have given use, it Should have taking what was offerd use but Should done nothing more which is what I learn from Parsons

Tuesday 12 Yesterday it was very fine weather as well as it has been to day walked out to Charlotte Field Yesterday after breakfast where I Staid all night for the purpose of Going to Mount Pit to See the Birds come in at Sun Sett about after four I went with Serjt. Clayfield and two of the convicts with Torchess to Light use home we got to the mount about five oClock we had not been there above ten Minutes before the Air was full of them the greatest number came from the NE to SE: after flying about about a Quarter of ane hour the[y] came down like a Shour of hail which lasted about half ane hour when very few Remaind in the Air without going three Yards one way or the other I Kild 53 and if I wish to have Kild more I might have Kild four times that number the moment that the[y] light the[y] make for there holes where the[y] Sit for a little while chattering and another comes out of the hole which did not fly away as I Expected

Transcript of a262245

April 1791 Tuesday 12th for I thought that there was a Whip I Staid untill about half after ten when I Returnd to Charlotte Field where Sleepd wind is Still from the Eastward not much Surf.

Wednesday 13th Cloudy weather little Surf and not much wind and that from the Eastward it Raind a little the latter part of the day.

Thursday 14th Cloudy weather almost a Calm not much Surf went out to Charlotte Field after breakfast and Returnd at Sun Set when I found that ther had been an alarm in her of two Ships being in Sight which prove only to be two Men fishing on the Rock of Point Hunter which the women that Saw them took them for two Ships wish to god that it had been two Ships to take use away.

Friday 15th Cloudy weather and the wind fair thank god went out at day break to Measure the ground of the Convicts when after I had got my breakfast at Smiths Farm and was going to begin to Measure again I herd the Cry of a Ship in Sight I Soon left of Measuring and left the people that was with me and came home on the way I met a man from Majr. Ross desiring that I would come in that the Brigg was in Sight on my getting there Majr. Ross asked me to goe on board when She came a little nearer I did not much like it but I told him that I would it blows hard and there is a great Sea Running out and the Surf appears as if it was going to get up could not goe out untill after dinner on account of her being too great a distance when I went out and got on board of her

Transcript of a262246

April 1791 Friday 15th very well although there was a great Sea Running I Staid on board of her about a Quarter of ane hour when after I got the despatchess for Majr. Ross I came away and brought on Shore with me Captain Hill of the N:S:Wales Corps who is come here with Lieut Abbot and Ensing prentice, one Serjt., one Copl., one Drumer, 10 Private to Relieve G: Johnstone, Creswell and the Same number of men Capt. Hill being here So that Majr. Ross, little John, Faddy and poor I are to Remain in this place a little longer I wish to Christ that I was going I also brought on shore with me Mr. Jamison who is come back to be assistant with Mr. Consident we got Save on Shore again the Gorgon is not Yet arrivd at Port Jackson nor any other Ship Since the Supply was here last Captain Hunter and his Ships Companie are gone home in the Dutchman that came from Batavia the Governour is very kind in not given use an opportunity here to write to our friends at home Capt. Hill appears to be a Genteel well behavd man .

Saterday 16th Fine weather but blows hard and too much Sea for the Boats to doe any thing in this Bay if the Supply was in her found that She was in Cascade Bay where there is good Landing Sent a party of men over to assist brining over any things which may be landing there about five oClock Lieut Abbot and Ensing Prentice with part of the Men beloning to the Corps intended for the Service of this Country came into Town from Cascade Bay the men were orderd into the New Hospital and the officers one on and the other on

Transcript of a262247

April 1791 Saterday 16th Captn. Johnstone Quarterd the[y] Both Seem to be Genteel Youn men Doctor Callam came on Shore with them I am very much displeased with Captain Campbell for not writing to me.

Sunday 17th Fine weather the Supply Still in Cascade Bay and Landing what light things She can Eight Seamen and two Marines beloning to the Sirius who are discharged from her came on Shore from the Supply to day the[y] are come to be Settlelers on this Island the[y] are D…d fools for ther pains the[y] had better gone home with the Rest of there Ships Companie than Stay as Settelers on this Island although I think a much better place for a man to be able to get Bread for him Self than port Jackson.

Munday 18th Fine weather but a good dele of Surf on the Reef at times the Supply in the Bay Sent the three Cobols out who Soon after Returned from her with Baggages and Stores &c. but there being too much Surf did not Send them out again after dinner walked out to Charlotte Field with Mr. Callam, Lieut Abbot, Mr. Prentice and Mr. Palmer of the Supply the[y] all Said that it was most Charming place and were much please with there walked which gave me much Satisfaction to here them Say so as every body Said and that comes from here are much prejudiced against it

Transcript of a262248

April 1791 Tuesday 19 Fine weather getting from the Supply what we can I wish that every thing was out of her and that She was gone

Wednesday 20 Fine weather but a great Surf to much So to Send the Boat out to the Supply who is in Sight .

Thursday 21st Fine weather not So much Surf Sent all the Boats out and Embarck part of the Marines that are going to Port Jackson Soon after the boats went out the Surf got up and only two of the Boats could get in the other was oblige to Return on board of the Supply Majr. Ross Sent for Captain Johnstone, Lieut Creswell and myself in consequence of what I had told Majr. Ross yesterday of Creswell informing me that Majr. Ross had Said that he would write to the Admlty. against him and Capt. Johnstone which I thought necessary to Acquaint Majr. Ross as I know that Majr. Ross had not done any Such a thing and I did not wish them to goe away and entertain Such a thought. when Majr. Ross told them that he had not then nor never had when Majr. Ross told them Sothey made answer that the[y] were very glad to here him Say So and that they were very much oblige to him after which he Said that there had been a great dele Said

Transcript of a262249

April 1791 Thursday 21st at Port Jackson against him and that Mr. Jamison he believed had Said more than he would make appear and that he had come to him Yesterday and Said that he had been very much led away but that he now Saw his errour and hoped to live on good terms with Majr. Ross but that he thought it necessary before he could live on good terms with Mr. Jamison that he must declair on his honor whether or not he had been making free with the Character of Majr. Ross while at Port Jackson and therfor Sent for Mr. Jamison when he asked Mr. Jamison if he had not on his honor been Saying thing to the prejudice of Majr. Rosses character while at Port Jackson Mr. Jamison Said Why Suspect me but Mr. Jamison would not answer that he had not been Sporting with Majr. Rosses character the[y] Said Mr. Jamison is Cunning Villain that has been long my oppinion of him .

Friday 22d Fine weather but blows fresh Made the Signal for the to come from the Supply as Should land which She did but to much Surf to Send any boat out

Saterday 23 Fine weather but a great Surf nothing can come on Shore or goe on board for there is a tremendious Surf the Supply in Sight

Transcript of a262250

April 1791 Sunday 24th Fine weather but a great Surf and a great Sea the Supply in Sight Standing off and [on].

Munday 25th Fine weather the Surf going down fast getting from the Supply what we can.

Tuesday 26th Fine weather and not much Surf the Supply in the Bay and getting from what She has in for the Collony and Sending off to her what She is to take away from heer.

Wednesday 27th Fine weather the Supply in the Bay Send on Shore her watter casks and Send on board of her Planks, oar and Axe Helves for port Jackson.

Thursday 28th Blows hard from the Southward the Supply not in Sight from Mount Pit it Raind hard in the night.

Friday 29th Blows very hard from the S:E: and a great Surf the Supply not in Sight from Mount Pit.

Saterday 30th Still Blows hard from the S:E: not much Surf the Supply not in Sight from Mount Pit [*] Jones male Convict Punished with 100 Lashes for Stealing a Water Mellion from the Public Gardian have been twice out to Charlotte Field to day the Town which I have been Building was this day named and is Cald Queensborough in honor of her Majesty and the Village at Cascadyd is cald Phillipsburgh after the Governour

May 1971 Sunday 1st not So much wind and little Surf the Supply not yet in Sight I think She has drifted a good way to the Westward

Transcript of a262251

May 1791 Munday 2d Fine weather little Surf not So much wind as has been for these Several days past the Supply not in Sight Yet Steel a [Female] Convict was Punishd with 50 Lashes for telling a Liy to Majr. Ross walked out to Charlotte Field now Cald Queensborough when Mr. Doidge Caught Catharen White and Mary Higgins Stealing the Corn out of the Public Fields I orderd him to put them in Irons and to be confind in the Jail.

Tuesday 3th Fine Weather little wind and little Surf the Supply not in Sight Yet Majr. Ross Desird when I went out to Queensborough to take Richardson with me /which is the man that Flogs the people/ and give them as manny lashes as I think the[y] deserved When I orderd Catharing White and Mary Higgins 50 each white could only bear 15 when She faintd away the Doctor then wished that I would order her to be taken down which I did Higgins Receivd 26 when I forgave her the Remaind as been an old woman I orderd also Mary Teut to Receive 25 Lashes for the Same Crime as the others She only Receivd 22 lashes when She Faintd away when I orderd her to be cast loose I hope this will be a warning to the Ladies out at Queensborough.

Wednesday 4th Very fine weather little wind nor Surf The Supply not in Sight.

Thursday 5th the Same weather as Yesterday the Supply Still absent orderd Phoebe Flarty in Irons and to be confind in the Goal for Stealing corn out of the Fields beloning to the Public

Transcript of a262252

May 1791 Friday 6th

Fine weather and little wind no Surf the Supply not in Sight what can become of her I hope not any Accident has happend to here .

Saterday 7th Fine Moderate weather little wind & no Surf the Supply still absent Sunday 8th.

Fine Moderate weather not much Surf about 10 oClock the Supply came in Sight which I am very glad of as I Shall be able to get into my own house again which I have let Mr. Prentice have untill Mr. Kellow Embarks who house he goes into Sent the Boats on board with her Cask with watter and other things Mr. Blackburn Sent word to Majr. Ross to inform him that he was blown to the nothward in the blowing weather which came on the 27 of of last month and has not been able to Return for want of winds.

Munday 9th Blows fresh from the South West and a good dele of Surf the Supply in the Bay made the Signal to her to goe Round to Cascady bay which She did and Sent all the Remainder of the things over there to be put on board of her as the Boats could not goe out ther Johnstone and Creswell also went on board of her we parted very good friends and Creswell has promised that Should ever any Ship Sail and I have no opportunity to write by her He will alwayse Mention me in his letters to Mrs. Creswell Who will inform my Betsey I am very glad that the[y] are both

Transcript of a262253

May 1791 Munday 9th are gone and I wish them well and forgive them for all there unkindness to me I hope we that Remain will live a little more happier than we heather to have done which I see no Reason we Should not I like Captn. Hill, Lieut Abbott and Ensing Prentice very well from our short acquaintance and particular Captain Hill who has offerd me any thing which he has got and which I want Tea, Coffe, Sugar &c. which is very Kind of him.

Tuesday 10th blows hard from the S:E: which is a good wind for the Supply I hope She will get Save and Soon to Port Jackson have been twice out to Queensborough to day one before dinner and one after dinner a great Surf.

Wednesday 11th blows fresh from the SE: not much Surf on the Reef Gentle Shours at times.

Thursday 12th Fine moderate Weather & not much Surf Gentle Shours Punished Dixson and Edwd. Woody two male Convicts for neglect of duty with 100 Lashes Each I Sowd 2 Acres of Wheat at Charlotte Field.

Friday 13th Cloudy weather and not much Surf went out a day break to Measure the Ground for the Seamen late beloning to the Sirius who have become Settlers which nearly Empd. me all the day.

Saterday 14th Fine weather and not much Surf.

Sunday 15th Fine weather and not much Surf Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island with Dring, Chas. McClaring and Heny. Barnet as Prisoners in Irons to be Confined there for Robbing Mr. Faddy's and Geo. Leggs Garden of Potatoes &c. &c.

Transcript of a262254

May 1791 Sunday 15th last night Confining them there on Indian Corn and Water will be a better Punishment than floggen them ther was Sent with them a forttnight Indian Corn at the present Ration which was to last them Six weeks and 90 Gallens of water Dring is the greatest Rascall living, every body appears to be glad with this kind of Punishment for them and hope that it will detair others Giles and Jno. Howard male convicts were Punished Yesterday with 100 Lashes for Selling ther Cloaths.

Munday 16th Fine Weather not much Surf Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island with more water to the Inhabitant of that Island she afterwards went a fishing and Caught only 4 fish.

Tuesday 17th blows hard from the S:W: the Sentence of the Garrison Court Martial which Sat Yesterday on a Man beloning to the New So. Wales Corps was Carried into Execution this Morning and he Received 100 Lashes walked out to Phillipsburgh with Majr. Ross after breakfast and Markd out the Town which is to be build there while we were ther a Tree fell on Jas. Elliott and nearly Kild him he is by the Surgeons Report to be very much hurt part of the Hip Bone is brock Returnd to dinner after which I walkd out to Queensborough and Returned to Tea.

Wednesday 18th blows hard from the S:W a great Surf.

Thursday 19th Blows hard from the S: not So much Surf as Yesterday Punishd Holms Convict with 100 Lashes for disobedience of orders Sowd a Acre of wheat a Charlotte Field the[y] have been Sowing Several acres in here with the Same

Transcript of a262255

May 1791 Friday 20th.

blows hard and a good dele of Surf on the Reef Yesterday Charlt. Simpson a female convict was brought to bed of a fine Boy a Charlotte Field She lives with Mr. Doidge whom every body Sayes She is Married to him

Saterday 21st Fine weather it Raind a good dele in the night Sleep at Charlotte Field last night and the Night before and went both Evening to Mount Pit to See if the Birds have any particular hole which I am Convinced the[y] have from the Birds which I marked on Thursday Eveng. coming back to the Same hole last night with the mark on there Eggs which I put on them the night before I Caught Ten Birds with Eggs in them

Sunday 22d Fine weather little wind not much Surf after Breakfast walkd. out to Charlotte Field with Majr. Ross and went down to Queensborough Returnd to dinner.

Munday 23d Fine weather little wind from the Eastward a Garrison Court Martial Sat on one of the New So.Wales Corps for making away with his Caps and was Sentenced to Receivd a 100 Lashes but from his good Character Majr. Ross forgave him Thompson a Convict in Cutting down a pine Tree for the Saw pits he Could not get out of the Way of the Tree when it was falling and it fell on his leg which it has brock to pices I am very Sorry for him as he is a very good man but I hope he will not loos his leg

Tuesday 24th Blows hard in Squals from the Westward and it has Raind hard the greatest part of all last night and this morning Punishd. Chas. Gray with Lashes for neglect of duty and Michl. Dennison with 25 Lashes for the same Crime

Transcript of a262256

May 1791 Wednesday 25th

Blows fresh from the Southward Punished Jno. Thomas alias Copper with 50 Lashes for Stealing Indian Corn beloning to the Crown and Danl. Daniels with 32 Lashes for attempting to Steal flour from Mary Limamon the[y] Both belong to Queensborough and were punished out there

Thursday 26 much the Same kind of Weather not much Surf Sowd one acre of Wheat at Queensborough

Friday 27th Squaly weather a good dele of Surf

Saterday 28 Blows hard from the Northward and a Very Great Surf

Sunday 29 Not much wind but a great Surf Still on the Reef.

nMunday 30th Not Much wind and that from the Eastward not much Surf in the morning but a great Surf at times in the Afternoon Everybody Empd. in the Vale Grubbing.

Tuesday 31st Blows hard from the S:W: a good dele of Surf

June 1791 Wednesday 1st

Blows very hard from the S:E: which it has done all night the wind Blyths every thing which it came near this Evening three Marines whom I gave leave to goe to Duncombe Bay to fish this Morning Returnd with Thos. Strich who has been away for these Eight Months past and whom Every body Supposed was dead long a goe he looks very well and is very fatt he Says that he has not Seen a Soul Since he left Chas. Gray ther a nother Runaway Convict which is Seven months that he has ever Since been Where the Marines found him and never So near this as Mount Pit Since he has been

Transcript of a262257

June 17891 Wednesday 1st away that he has lived on Birds of different kinds and wood Cabbaged the Birds he ust to get on the Clifts by the Sea and there is plenty of Cabbage round that part of the Island where he has been Since he has been away the Cabbage he Climb the trees for and cut the top off with a knife which also Servd him for a Rasor at times he must have had a Terrible time of it Majr. Ross thinks the Trouble which he must have Sufferd in mind & the hardships which he has enduerd in body from the weather and want of Cloaths is a Sufficient punishment for him Running away and therfor Majr. Ross has forgiven him any other Crimes but the truth is that he did not Run away but was drove away from the Store by Mr. Morrelly who told him that he was order not to give him any provisions from the Store on which he went to find Some Wher he could.

Thursday 2d Cloudy and cold weather wind NW: a good dele of Surf.

Friday 3d Fine weather wind N:W: a good dele of Surf went at day light to Duncombay to See if there is a good place for a Boat to come in as Strich and the three Marines Said that a Boat might come in at all times as there never was any Surf to hurt found that on my getting ther that they had Misinformd Majr. Ross that a Boat can only come in here in good weather and that it is not near So good a place as here went and came by the place wher Strich has lived it is a most Miserable hutt the gloomious place I ever Saw Mary Griges was Punishd to day with 50 lashes for coming into Town from Cascady contry to orders.

Saterday 4th Squaly weather wind S:W: and a great Surf this being the Kings birth day the Troops in the Garrison fired there

Transcript of a262258

June 1791 Saterday 4th in honor of the day I fired our men on our own parade and Captain Hill fired his Men in the front of ther own Quarters.

Sunday 5th Squaly from the Southward a great Surf.

Munday 6th Fine weather but it blows fresh from the Southward and a great Surf walkd out to Queensborough after dinner and orderd Sarah Lyons to Receive 50 Lashes for abusing Mr. Wentworth She only Received 16 as Mr. Wentworth begd that She Might be forgiven the other thirty four which She was order also Elizth. Pipking to Receive 25 lashes for disobediance of order for Coming into Town without Leave She only could Receive Six as She faintd away it is a thousand pittious that She is abandond woman for She is in figure a fine woman and has got a handsom face Sat as President of a Garrison Court Martial on a Drumr. of the N:S: Wales Corps.

Tuesday 7th Fine weather but blows Remarkably hard at times and a great Surf.

Wednesday 8th Much the Same weather as Yesterday.

Thursday 9th Fine weather and more Moderate than it has been for these two days past but a great Surf

Friday 10th Fine weather at times Gentle Showrs no so much Surf another of the New Sth. Wales Corps Tryed to day by a Garrison Court Martial.

Saterday 11th Fine weather and the Surf gone down greatly.

Sunday 12th Squaly weather and Blows very hard from the West we had a little thunder this morning Sent the Boat to See if the three men on Nepean Island who were Sent there this day month are a live and if they are to bring them of the[y] Could with great difiqualy land and found them all alive and they brought them of one of them very ill I am glad that they are alive for I was affraid that they had been dead

Transcript of a262259

June 1791 Munday 13th.

Squaly weather and a great Surf the people Empd. in getting the different kinds of Grain in the Ground

Tuesday 14th Blows hard from the Southward Punishd Mary Shepperd (a Plymouth woman) and Ann Dutton two Convict women the former Received 50 and the other 48 Lashes for being drunk and Making a Noise in the Camp Majr. Ross Reduced Serjt. Clinch and Corpo. Brough for given them the Spirrits to get drunk with.

Wednesday 15th Blows hard from the S:E: and a great Surf.

Thursday 16th Fine weather and not much Surf on the Reef.

Friday 17th Fine Moderate Weather and not much Surf.

Saterday 18th Fine weather little wind and no Surf.

Sunday 19th Fine Moderate weather and no Surf on the Reef .

Munday 20th Squaly weather and blows Remarkably hard in the aftning and a great Sea coming in and the Surf getting up.

Tuesday 21st Blows hard from the Southward and a great Surf.

Wednesday 22d More Moderate but a great Sea and Surf.

Thursday 23th Moderate weather Still a great Surf Punishd Martin Colls a male Convict out a Queensborough with one hundred Lashes for Contempt and disrespect to Mr. Doidge.

Friday 24th Showry at times the Surf going down

Transcript of a262260

June 1791 Saterday 25th.

Squaly weather not much Surf Sent a draft of Seven male Convicts and nine Female Dito from Queensborough to Phillipburgh and the Same number from her to Phillipburgh.

Sunday 26th Fine moderate weather and not much Surf.

Munday 27th Fine weather but blows very hard from the Northward not much Surf the people Empd. in getting the Seeds in the Ground part of the Carpenters Empd. in finishing the Barrack for our men the Remainder at Phillipsburg in Erecting huts for the N:S:W Corps to goe in when the[y] are finishd as Majr. Ross has ordered them to take part ther.

Tuesday 28th Fine weather blows very hard from the Westward fine landing no Surf what ever the people are getting Sickly.

Wednesday 29th Fine weather no Surf Still blows hard it Raind hard almost all night

Thursday 30th Fine weather no Surf blows very hard

July 1791 Friday 1st

More Moderate a good dele of Surf on the Reef.

Saterday 2d Blows fresh in the oftening Rain at times a great Surf wind S.W.

Sunday 3d much the Same weather as Yesterday.

Munday 4th Blows very hard and a great Surf wind West .

Tuesday 5th it has blown and Raind hard the greatest part of this last twenty four hour a great Surf

Wednesday 6th more moderate but a very great Surf and Rain at times wind West

Transcript of a262261

July 1791 Thursday 7th

Fine moderate weather but a great Sea Rolling in the Bay and a great Surf

Friday 8th Fine weather a good dele of Surf on the Reef this day our men went into ther new Barrack which are very good

Saterday 9thBlows fresh from the Northward -not much Surf

Sunday 10th Fine weather but blows hard out in the oftening from the westward no Surf Raind the greatest part of this afternoon

Munday 11th Fine weather but blows hard no Surf from the Southward.

Tuesday 12th Fine Spring weather no Surf little wind and that from the Eastward.

Wednesday 13th Fine weather no Surf wind from the Eastward

Thursday 14th Fine Moderate weather no Surf Punished Elizt. Halligon in here for coming in from Phillipsburgh Without Leave and Punished Elizth. Thackney, Sarah Lyons and Mary Ann Carty of Phillipsburgh for the Same thing with 25 Lashes each two Marines whom I gave leave to goe to Duncombe Bay a fishing Returned in the Evening with a Turtle of a bout two hundred wight.

Friday 15th Fine weather no Surf on the Reef but blows hard from the Eastward.

Saterday 16th Fine weather but blows very hard from the S.E. and which it did Remarkably hard in the night with Rain Punished Phillip Devin with Lashes for making away with the corn which he had Issued out to him for the purpose of planting in his Acre.

Sunday 17th the first part of this day fine Weather but the latter part Rain with very hard gust of wind Jno. Gualt was put in Irons last night for Robbing Mr. Freeman

Transcript of a262262

June 1791 Munday 18th

Squaly weather Punished Heny. Wright by making him Run the Gantlet throu all the men and women in her for attempting to deflour Elizt. Gregory a Girl of a bout ten Years of Age he was about two Years agoe tried at Port Jackson for his life for the Same offence and Sentance to Suffer death but his Sentance was changed from Death to Transportation for Life to this Island he is to undergoe the Same punishment at Port Jackson when his Back is well.

Tuesday 19th Fine weather Majr. Ross very ill confined to his bed.

Wednesday 20th Fine moderate weather Majr. Ross very ill.

Thursday 21st Much the Same weather Majr. Ross dangerously ill the Surgeon has been with him all night.

Friday 22d Fine weather but Blows very hard with Rain Majr. Ross if possible wors to day he sent to me this afternoon telling me that he could not possibly live much longer and therfore Gave me directions what to doe if he Should be carried off I hope in God that he will get better for Should any thing happen So as to carry him off this place will Soon be nothing but Scien of confusion.

Saterday 23th Rainy dirty weather Majr. Ross no better

Transcript of a262263

July 1791 Sunday 24th

a Little Better weather to day than what is was Yesterday and I hope that Majr. Ross if any thing is a little Better find myself very Unwell to day wind from the Southward a great Surf

Munday 25th Fine weather Since last Sunday have not been out of my Bed untill to day been so very ill but am thank God as well as my friend Majr. Ross are getting better.

Saterday 30th a disagreable day has Raind the greatest part of all last night Major Ross getting Better fast.

Sunday 31st Fine weather not much Surf on the Reef Majr. Ross gainning Ground everyday August 1791 Munday 1st

Fine weather Several of the people very bad no Surf on the Reef.

Tuesday 2d Fine weather no Surf on the Reef althought it blows hard out from the South west Heny. Wright Received the Remainder of his Punishment at Queensborought.

Wednesday 3th Fine weather no Surf Blows hard from the S:W: and a great Sea out walkd. to Phillipsburgh with Faddy and Mr. Considen to give some order from Majr. Ross.

Thursday 4th Squaly weather and a great Surf Majr. Ross able to come down Stairs again which I thank God for .

Friday 5th much the Same kind of weather this day as Yesterday .

Saterday 6th Fine weather not much Surf on the Reef.

Sunday 7th Squaly weather the Surf getting up wind S:W: Punished Yesterday John Mortimore ane old man near Seventy with 100 Lashess for Stealing wheat and neglecting his work also John Boyel with the Same number for disrespect to Capt. Hill and Accussing two of Capt Hills men with Stealing Birds from him which he could not Prove this day died Rachael Smith a Convict woman from a fall She Received and which brought on a Rupture

Transcript of a262264

August 1791 Sunday 7th made up the Matter between Majr. Ross & Mr. Considen which has been Subsisting between them ever Since we have been in this Island nothing has given me greater pleasure for this Some time past than this matter has I have long wished them to be friends and have this day at last Accomplished my wishes

Munday 8th Fine weather but Blows hard from the S:West Quarter not much Surf.

Tuesday 9th Fine weather a great Surf and Blows hard from the SW a Garrison Court Martial assembled to day for the tryal of a Corpl. and Private of the N:S:W Corps whom I prosecute the Court ajurned untill to Morrow morning.

Wednesday 10th Squaly weather Blows hard from the S:W: and a great Surf the Court Martial not finished Yet.

Thursday 11th Squaly weather and a Strong gale from the Southward the Court martial not finished yet Poor Ellis confind by Captn. Hill for Contemp.

Friday 12th Fine weather a great Surf the Court Martial have finished this day and the[y] have Acquited the Corpl. but have found the private man Guilty and Sentd. him to Receive 200 Lashess but the proceedings Majr. Ross dose not approve of for which See the orderly Book Ellis will be tried tomorrow

Saterday 13th Fine weather not much Surf wind S:W a good wind for any thing that is coming from Port Jackson - Tried Ellis and the Court is adjournd untill Munday the New South Wales Corps in orders for to March on Wednesday morning next to Phillipsburgh I shall be glad when they are gone for I doe not like them they have been Endeavouring to Set Majr. Ross and me and Faddy

Transcript of a262265

and me by the ears Since they have been her as Yet they have been disapointed they have tyred Several times to make Faddy and me Quarell.

Sunday 14th much the Same weather as Yesterday not much Surf on the Reef .

Munday 15th Fine weather but very Cold no Surf went on with Ellis's Tryal which is not yet finished the Court adjournd untill to Morrow Morning and thank god a Ship in Sight now for the letters She Sent her boat on Shore at Cascady with the dispatches and found that She is the Mary Ann Transport Capt Monro from Port Jackson with 11 Soldiers, 3 Women and Nine children of the N:S:W Corps and 131 Male Convicts one woman and one child and nine month Provisions for them She Saild from Port Jackson the Six Insts. and left England in Feby. last She left at Port Jackson the Matilda a nother Transport which had left England Since the Mary Ann did the Matilda Saild from England in Company with the Gorgon and ten other Sail of Transports all bound to N.S:Wales So that we may Expect the Arrivalof the Gorgon in the Country Every day which Ship is to Carry use home as the Govr. informs Majr. Ross in his letter have not as yet Received a Single line from any body the Mary Ann after She has landed Every thing which She has in for this Island is to goe back to Port Jackson after which goes a Whealing on the Coast of America

Transcript of a262266

Tuesday 16th Fine Weather no Surf and the Ship in Sight Working in to the Bay Sent the Boats off to her assembled again this morning the Court Martial for Ellis Tryal which We finished and have Acquited him on the Boats Return from the Mary Ann Received two letter one from Captn. Campbell and the other from Captn. Johnstone for which See the letter Book in Captn. Campbells letter ther was one inclosed which Captn. Campbell informs me was Sent to him by the Govr. it containd part of a letter from my Beloved Alicia part of a letter from My Agent and his Account got some of the stores from the Mary Ann to day

Wednesday 17th Fine weather and little Surf the Boat Empd in landing the people Provisions &c. from the Ship the N.S.W. Corps marchd to Phillipsburg to day.

Thursday 18th Fine moderate weather and no Surf the Boat Empd. as Yesterday Punished John Romaine Convict with 50 Lashes for Riotous behavour after hours.

Friday 19th Blows fresh and the Surf getting up Send the Boat to bring from the Ship what the[y] can the latter part of this day the Surf to great to send the Boats out.

Saterday 20th Blows fresh and a great Surf too much so to Send our Boats out in the after noon the Ship Send there Boat in and in going out was very near being lost

Sunday 21st Blows hard and a very great Surf the Ship in Sight.

Munday 22d The Same weather as yesterday the Ship in Sight will not be able to doe any thing with her to day too much Sea and Surf to attemp to Send the Boats out

Transcript of a262267

August 1791 Tuesday 23d More Moderate than Yesterday but a great Surf and if the Mary Ann attemp to Send there Boat on Shore to day they will loose there Boat and every one in Her will be drown - Punishd on the 20 Instn. Isac Williams with 100 Lashes and Wm. Gunter with 59 Lashes Gunter was also order to Receive 100 but could not Bear more than the 59 - they both were punishd for Neglect of Duty Punished also to day Jeffery Bolton ane old Gray headed man with 50 Lashes and Stoppage of three pounds of Flour per week out of his weekly Ration for three Months for Stealing Bean out of the Barn Joseph Gandous was also Punished with 60 Lashes to day for being absent from his work he was order to Receive 100.

Wednesday 24th Fine wether but a great Surf the Mary Ann in Sight cannot attemp Sending the Boats out for the Surf the wind Southerly Punished John Wood with 24 lashes for Robbing a Gardian and a Stoppage of three pounds of Flour per week out of his weekly Ration for the Space of Six months he was order to Receive 100 Lashes but could only bear 24 this is the fift of the new hands that have been punished Since there Arrival.

Thursday 25th Fine weather but Still a great Surf the Mary Ann in Sight cannot attemp Sending our Boats out.

Friday 26th Fine Weather and not so much Surf as Yesterday the Mary Ann in the Bay Sent our Boats out in the morning but the Surf got up again on which we disisted from Sending them out again and hauld the Signal down to Show them that were out that the[y] must not come in the Ships Boat being on Shore at this time the[y] would goe of to the Ship

Transcript of a262268

August 1791 Friday 26th although every body advised them not to attemp it but of the[y] went and they had not got above a hunderd Yards from the Landing place when a Surf Struck the Boat and knocked every one that was in her out of her and if it had not been for the great assistance which we gave them to the Risk of the people's lives who went in to the water to assist them and there own good Swimming the[y] all must have been drowned - the Boat is intirly Stove to pices I am glad that no lives are lost as also that they have lost their Boat for the[y] would not be advised but would goe out for they Said that there never was any Surf her but what they would goe over but they are now Convinced to the Contrary.

Saterday 27th Fine weather not much Surf Sent the Boats out the Ship being in the Bay getting all this day from the Ship what we can.

Sunday 28th Fine weather no Surf little wind the Ship is in the Bay the Boats Empd. as Yesterday Punished to day John Laurell and William Robinson the (2) although Sunday for Gambling with cards on this day the[y] were each orderd to Receive a hundred Lashes Laurell could only Bear 61 and Robinson 81.

Munday 29th Fine Moderate Weather no Surf the Ship in the Bay the Boats Empd. as yesterday hope to get every thing

Transcript of a262269

August 1791 Munday 29th out of her to day if so She will be able to Return to Port Jackson to Morrow Evening Punished Frainces Flaxmore and John Lock for neglecting the Public work the[y] were order to Receive a hundred each but Lock could only [bear] 50 also Punished Mary Marshall with 50 Lashes for leaving Phillimors farm without leave and being very impertent to Majr. Ross Jno. Etton also Receive a hunderd lashes for Stealing Potatoes wrote a letter to Captain Campble and one to Captain Johnston in Answer to theirs for which See the letter Book also Sent Several thing on Board of the Mary Ann for Captain Campbell and a plank for Creswell.

Tuesday 30th Blows fresh from the Eastward and a good dele of Surf got every thing on board of the Mary Ann and after dinner the Captain went on board and She made Sail for Port Jackson with a fair I was much affraid that the Boat would not have been able to come in after putting the Captain on board on Account of the Surf but She got Save in a little after dark Punished George Gust with 100 Lashes for Employing William Harris and William Arbrick to work for him without leave and they each Received 50 Lashess for going to Work for him without permission .

Wednesday 31st Fine weather but a great Surf wind Easterly .

Septr. Thursday 1st Much the Same weather as Yesterday Still a great Surf wind East .

Friday 2d Fine weather not So much Surf as Yesterday wind S.E.

Transcript of a262270

Septr. 1791 Saterday 3d Squaly Weather and a good dele of Surf wind Northerly I wish it may Continue to Rain all this day and to Morrow

Sunday 4th Fine weather a great Surf wind at no Settled point.

Munday 5th Fine weather and good dele of Surf wind from the Southward Jno. Laurell and Jno. Boyle Received the Remainder of the Punishment Laurell 39 and Boyle 49 Lashes.

Tuesday 6th Fine weather not much Surf wind S:E:

Wednesday 7th Fine moderate weather and little Surf wind from the Eastward Jno. Ascott who came out Captain Sheas Servant and has Since been Majr. Ross's is gone Quite Mad and are obliged to confine him I am Sorry for him he dose not like any body but me it is all about a D…. Convict Whore who has used him ill.

Thursday 8th Fine Moderate weather and no Surf wind as Yesterday Ascott much worse than yesterday confined him in a house made to day for to put him near the Guard and have put a Strait Waiscoats on him

Friday 9th Fine weather no Surf wind East

Saterday 10th Fine moderate Weather and no Surf wind East was oblige to Chain Ascott to a Gun in his house he is Quite gone he Sent to Speak to me and when I came he Said my name was Mr. Clark and I was all in the dark

Transcript of a262271

Septr. 1791 Sunday 11th Remarkably fine weather no Surf wind from the Eastward Sent three Men on Board of the Sirius to See what ther was Remaining in her the[y] Soon after Returned and Said that there was nothing in her Except a Coble which must be Quite Rotten as the Watter was over it at low water and that her Bottem was out of her this Evening Jno. Gualt who some time Since made his Escape from the place wher he was confined for Robing Mr. Freeman was brought in this Evening.

Munday 12th very fine weather not much Surf but has all the appearence of it was going to get up wind N:E: Punish Mary Barns with 50 Lashes & Elizt. Goff with 50 Lashes for going to Phillipsburgh Yesterday without leave and Staying ther all night.

Tuesday 13th Fine Moderate Weather not much Surf but Seems very inclinable to get up blows fresh in the oftening from the N:E and B:E I am much affraid that the catterpilliars are coming again to destroy the Crops as the[y] did last years Wheat for Several are Seen to day on the Barley which is grown on the N.E. Side of Mount George Should the[y] come in the Same number as they did last Year the Best thing that Government can doe is to take every Soul of the place for it will be a Constant Expence to Government to Keep it

Transcript of a262272

Septr. 1791 Wednesday 14th Remarkable fine weather again not very much Surf wind from the N:E: and not So much of it as yesterday Ascott Still as Mad as befor I pity him.

Thursday 15th The first part of the day very fine and not much Surf and the wind from the Westward but towards noon it changed from the Westward to its old point S.E. wher it blows now fresh from that point with Rain.

Friday 16th Fine weather but a good dele of Surf this Morning about 3 oClock was woke with the Report of a Gun when the Corpo. of the Gd. Came and Cald me and Said that there was a Gun fire in the Bay Faddy soon after came and Said that he could See a Ship between this and Phillip Island I made him for Answer God grant it may be the Gorgon I soon after got up and Saw her also but from her Size know it could not be the gorgon at day light She came close in when we Sent the Boat off which Soon after Returned and brought the letters &c. on Shore and found her the Sollomander Capt Nickolls from Port Jackson with Convict Store and Provisions and twelf men of the N:S:W: Corps from Captain Campbell I received a letter and packet containing Six letters from My Beloved Alicia one from Mr. Nash one from my Brother Matthew as also a letter from Mr. Callam of the Supply

Transcript of a262273

Septr. 1791 Friday 16th by this Ship find that the gorgon is not Yet Arrived at Port Jackson when She Saild which was the 4 Instn. but She was hourly Expected as the Rest of the Fleet with which this Ship Saild from England in Company bound for this place She left the William and Mary and Atalantic Transport at Port Jackson which Ships had Arrived Since our last heering from the[re] the Mary Ann was not arrived when this Ship Saild from Port Jackson

Saterday 17th Fine Moderate weather and no Surf Wind from the Northward the Ship close in the Bay Sent all the Boats off to bring on Shoreall the Convicts as fast as they can at Sun Set got all convicts and the twelf men beloning to the N:S: Wales Corps.

Sunday 18th Squaly & cloudy weather no Surf wind from the Westward Sent all the Boats off to land what they can Send on Shore first about 12 oClock it blowd very hard and therfore would not Sent the Boats off any more as they cannot lay along Side of the Ship well from the great Sea that is Running.

Munday 19th Fine weather but blows fresh from the Eastward and in the Morning a good dele of Surf - Did not Send the Boats out untill after dinner the Ship in the Bay the Boats Empd. after dinner in landing Provisions Stores &c.

Transcript of a262274

Septr. 1791 Tuesday 20th Fine Moderate weather and no Surf wind East the Ship a great way off to the Westward in the afternoon Sent the Boats on board of her for Provisions &c.

Wednesday 21st Blows a gale of wind from the Eastward and a very great Surf the Ship in the Bay but cannot Send any Boats off to her.

Thursday 22d Still Blows hard from the Eastward and a great Surf I wish it would Rain for the Crops much want it the Ship came in Sight this forenoon but was obliged to Stand off again.

Friday 23d Squaly boistrous weather not So much as Yesterday Wind from the Northward the Ship in Sight to the South East.

Saterday 24th Squaly weather and at times blows very hard from the N:E: the Ship in the Bay no Surf on the Reef Sent the Boats out but two of them could not get on Board of the Ship the other did & She brought on Shore again with her five Cask of flour.

Sunday 25th Blows hard at times from the Northward no Surf the Ship in the Bay Sent the Boats out to Bring on Shore Provisions Stores &c. from her.

Munday 26th Blows hard Still and the wind Seems inclinable to come Round to the Westward wind at present North no Surf the Ship in the Bay the Boats Empd as Yesterday.

Tuesday 27th Moderate weather no Surf wind N:E the Ship in the Bay the boats Empd. as yesterday

Wednesday 28th Calm weather no Surf the Ship Close in the Bay got every thing nearly out of her

Transcript of a262275

Septr. 1791 Thursday 29th Fine Moderate weather no Surf wind N:W: the Ship in the Bay got every thing out of her She will be able to Sail for Port Jackson on Saterday.

Friday 30th Squaly weather no Surf to Signify wind N:E: the Ship in the Bay Wrot letters to Captn. Campbell, Creswell and Mr. Callam of the Supply for which See the letter Book a good dele of Rain fell in the night and this morning which will doe a great dele of good to the Corn &c.

October Saterday 1st Blows fresh from the N.E. the Ship in the Bay not much Surf But a great Sea wrote a letter to Mr. Wolrige which I enclosed to Captn. Campbell (for which See the letter Book) and be by him forwarded in the fresh Ship Bound to China or Europe.

Sunday 2d Cloudy Weather very inclinable to Rain blows hard from the N.E. no Surf on the Reef .

Munday 3d Cloudy weather and blows very hard at times wind N.E. no Surf Jno. Harris Convict Received one hundred lashes at Phillipsburg for Absconding from the Service which he was orderd on and going into the woods Vallance a Convict also Received one hundred lashes at Phillipsburg for Disobediance of orders & Insolence to Mr. Hume the Superintendend at that place for which offence the Said Vallance is in addition to Receive the same number of Lashes at Queensborough and at this town as an Example to the whole

Transcript of a262276

October 1791 Munday 3d of the Convicts on this Island Rainer and La Row Convicts were Punished with 50 Lashes each for Theft and Jas. Dullage Convict was also Punishd with fifty lashes for Repeated Disobedience of orders and neglect of Duty.

Tuesday 4th Fine Moderate Weather Wind N:E: no Surf Fergusen a Convict in a fit fell into the fire while he was dressing his breakfast and was nearly Burnt to death before any person observed him.

Wednesday 5th Fine dry weather wind Moderatly from the Eastward no Surf on the Reef .

Thursday 6th Cloudy weather and very inclinable to Rain wind North and blows fresh no Surf on the Reef.

Friday 7th Cloudy weather in the course last night Several Showrs fell which has much Refreshed the Corn very much Blows fresh from the N:W: B:W no Surf on the Reef Mary Sheaperd was punished with fifty lashes for making use of Majr. Ross's name and ther by passing Theophilis Feutsell a Soldier in the N.S Wales Corps to Queensborough She not having Majr. Ross's permission for that purpose it has all this day been very inclinable to Rain.

Saterday 8th Cloudy weather and very much inclinable to Rain Several Small Shows have fell Wind West and Blows hard no Surf on the Reef.

Sunday 9th Fine clear weather the Wind S:W:B:W: No Surf on the Reef a great dele of Rain fell from Seven oClock last night untill ten oClock which has done a great dele of good very hott all this day

Transcript of a262277

October 1791 Munday 10th Squaly weather with Rain in the first part of the day wind South not much Surf on the Reef the Rain which fell Saterday night has done a great dele of good to the ground and Crops &c.

Tuesday 11th Fine Moderate weather little wind from the Eastward no Surf on the Reef Thos. Seal was punished with 49 Lashes for absenting himself from all work Since the thirteth of last month and found by Edwd. Parrot at 10 oClock last night in his Garden Cornlius. [Benns?] with 50 Lashes for Repeatedly absenting himself from the work he is order two Male Convicts died to day of declines Anson died in the morning and this afternoon both young men

Wednesday 12th Fine moderate weather very little wind and what there is of it comes from the N:W: - Since this morning Six oClock a very great Surf has got up - the Boat went out a fishing a little after four and Returnd about one with 13 Snapper and one Sharke - I was very much affraid that she would not have been able to have got in on Account of the Surf and in Getting in She Run a great Risk.

Thursday 13th Fine weather Blows fresh from the N:W: not So much Surf as Yesterday John Howard Convict

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October 1791 Thursday 13th ordered to Receive 500 Lashes for Selling his Slops which were Issued out to him by the Public and for telling a Liy to Majr. Ross Respecting the Selling of the Slops he could only bear 80 the Remaind he is to Receive when well Thos. Brown Convict Order to Receive 200 Lashes for Selling his Slops also he could only Bear 41 to Receive the Remainder When his Back is well the[y] Both belong to Phillipsburg and the[y] Sold there Slops to Mr. Hume the Superintendent of Convicts Robt. Kingston order to Receive 100 Lashes for absenting himself from his work he could only Bear 34 the Remainder he will Receive when well.

Friday 14th Fine Weather but blows hard from the West there is no Surf on the Reef there was a gentle Shour of Rain this morning between Six and Seven oClock if ther had been a little more it would have done no harm it has been Remarkably hott to day .

Saterday 15th Squaly weather and blows very hard from the S:W: a good dele of Surf it came on to Rain last night about Seven oClock and continued the greatest part of all last night Several Shours have fell in the Cours of this day .

Sunday 16th Squaly weather and blows very hard from the S:E:B South with a very great Surf on the Reef the wind Blows very Cold Wm. Cooper Convict died to day at 12 oClock at Phillipsburg his death is occasioned from his eating a great Quantity of Wood Cabbage Yesterday which Sweld him very much and his Stomach was not able to digest it

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October 1791 Munday 17th Cloudy weather not So much wind as Yesterday which is S:E: nor So much Surf a Garrison Court Martial at Phillipsburgh on a Soldier beloning to the New South Wales Corps Punished Wm. Gunter with 50 Lashes at Phillipburgh for quiting the duty that he was orderd on and going into the Woods and Staying there a week this Said Gunter is a very bad Subject Mary Carty Convict was deliverd this afternoon of

Tuesday 18th Clam no Surf on the Reef According to the order of Yesterday the Court Martial Met again this Morning at 10 oClock but the Court would do nothing futher in the Matter on which Majr. Ross gave out a Genl. order for which See the Orderly Book and which order Mr. Faddy was to deliver to Captn. Hill if he found that the Court would not doe any thing futher in the matter but if the Court wished to have the Proceedings to look over them again in which case Faddy was not to deliver the Genl. order but to Return it back to the Commanding Officer on Mr. Faddy's Return from Phillipsburgh he informed methat Capt. Hill had Used him very ill and threatend to take his Sword from him to put him Under an Arrest for not delivering him the order on his arrival a Phillipsburg which Mr. Faddy Said I intentd to write to Majr. Ross to have the Treatment which he Received from Capt Hill investigated by a Genl. Court Martial he asked me

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Octr 791 Tuesday 18th if I though him Right I told him that if it had been me who Captn. Hill threatend as he he has done you I certainly would have it Public investigated as Such an appoligie as my feelings as an officer could accept for you was Acting under the order and Authority of Majr. Ross and had done nothing but what you was desired this afternoon Ferguson the man that fell into the fire on the Morning of the 4 Inst in a fit died this afternoon it is a fortunated thing for him that the almighty has takens him to himself.

Wednesday 19th Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the S:W: -no Surf on the Reef in the Course of the day three or four Showrs fell Faddy has deliverd his letter of Complaint against Captn. Hill to Majr. Ross and which cannot be Settled but by a Court Martial he in my opinion has done what I would have done if he had treated me in the manner he has done Faddy Thos. Edgridge Convict Receivd 50 Lashes and to be chained to the grind Stone for Breaking out of confinment and Repeatedly Being found Robbing the Private Gardins - Eliz Thomas a woman Convict was deliver of a Boy this morning.

Thursday 20th Fine weather wind Variable from S.W to South a good dele of Surf on the Reef went out to Queensborough a little after day light and took Richardsond the Scurge with me and Punished [*] Cooly a Convict Boy with 13 Lashes on the Backside for Stealing from his Master Serjt. Clayfield at different times

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Octr 1791 Thursday 20th Punished also Fletcher also a Convict he only Could Bear 17 Lashes out of 200 which he was orderd to Receive for absenting himself from the work he was orderd on and Stealing from Chas. Clarks Gardin above a hundred Roots of Potatoes the dispute between Faddy and Captain Hill is to be Settled by a Genl. Court Martial when we arrive at Port Jackson Untill then it must Remain as it is at Present.

Friday 21st Fine Moderate Weather Wind Easterly not much Surf this morning Died Evans a poor old man one of the Convicts that came in the Solamander Captain Hill wrote to Majr. Ross for a Copy of the Complaint and charge which Faddy has Exhibited against a Copy of which Faddy Sent him .

Saterday 22d Fine Moderate Weather Wind from the N:E: the little that there is of it no Surf all the people in here have been very Bussey in Building new houses on a Regular plan Yesterday and to day when finished it will look Something like a Town than what it did before have my Self for the Several days past been Empd. in Marking out the diffent Streets Market Place &c. when they will have any thing to Sell here Eleanora Kervan Convict was this day deliver of a dead child

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October 1791 Saterday 22 Sent Keeling and five other Men Convicts nearly as great Rascals as Keeling to Cultivate Ground for the Public at Ball Bay.

Sunday 23d Fine moderate Weather almost a calm the little wind that there is comes from the Westward no Surf on the Reef the Crops of Wheat and Indian Corn both at Queensborough and here round Arthurs Vale look as well as any corn can do in any part of the World.

Munday 24th Fine Moderate weather wind S:W: and no Surf Round the Island this has been the Hottest day we have felt this Season Vallance beloning to Phillipsburg was Punishd in here with 100 Lashes According to his Sentence on the 3d. Instn. Geoe. Gust was Punished also in here with 75 Lashes for Neglect of duty Ann Jones Dorvent a woman Convict died to day at Phillipsburg has been ill ever Since She has been on the Island She came here in the Surprize in August 90.

Tuesday 25th Fine Moderate weather wind S:E: no Surf on the Reef a nother Court Martial to Morrow at Phillipsburg for which See the orderly Book.

Wednesday 26th Cloudy weather with a fresh Breeze from the N:E: not much Surf on the Reef Faddy and Self went out to Phillipsburg this morning According to the Genl. orders of Yesterday and Tried a Corpl. and a Private beloning to the New South Wales Corps who were both Acquited Robison and two Convicts were Punished with 100 Lashes each for Stealing there fellow Prisoners Provisions

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October 1791 Thursday 27th Fine weather wind Northerly no Surf on the Reef Chas. Gray and Jos. Tuso two Convicts were Punished with one hunderd lashes Each for Disobedience of orders and Neglect of duty Thos. Howard who was orderd on the 13 Inst to Receive 500 Lashes for Selling the Slops that were Issued out to him and of which he could then only Bear 60 and Thos. Brown who was orderd 200 Lashes and of which number he could only Bear 41 for the Same offence Major Rosshas forgiven them the Remainder of the Punishment another Garrison Court Martial at Phillipsburg to Morrow for which Duty I am.

Friday 28th Fine weather but at times it threatens very much if would Rain wind N:W: no Surf on the Reef went out to Phillipsburg According to the orders of Yesterday to Set a Garrison Court Martial when Thos. Lunn a Private Soldier in the New South Wales Corps was brought to Trial by Captn. Hill for Unsoldierlike behaviour by telling him a wicked and Malicious Lie of which Crime he was found Guilty and was Sentenced to Receive 400 Lashes which Sentences by the orders of this day is to be Carried into Execution to Morrow morning at Phillipsburg at Seven oClock the people begins to get on with there new Houses very well

NB: Margt. Moring Punished with 50 Lashes to day for not going to work and been Insolent to her oversier

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October 1791 Saterday 29th Cloudy weather and very hott this is the hottest day we have had this Season blows fresh from the Westward no Surf on the Reef

Sunday 30th Cloudy weather Wind N:W: and blows fresh no Surf on the Reef Dixon /Convict/ an old man died here this morning he came here in the last Ship the Salamander most of the People that have died lately is from the flux the latter part of this day a good dele of Rain fell .

Munday 31st Cloudy weather Wind S:W and b South no Surf on the Reef the following Convicts were Punished this morning Jno. Chapman Morris and Heny. Humphries with 50 Lashes each for Disobedience of orders by going to Mount Pit for Young Birds Jno. Herbt. Keeling with 50 Lashes for Disobedience and contempt of Majr. Rosses positive orders to him not to come in to Camp Geoe. Wood with 90 and Heny. Flaxmore with a 100 Lashes For Repeatedly going to mount Pit Francis Folks confined in Irons by order of Majr. Ross for with holding from Majr. Ross some of the Books Respecting the Island which he had from Majr. Ross to Copy and for writting to Captain Collins a letter a Copy of which I found amongst his paper put a way in a Gardin Complaining to him and for him (Captn. Collins) to Represent it to the Governor Accusing Majr. Ross of Cruilty, oppression and every Crime that is possible for man to be guilty off with Several other papers and Remarks on Majr. Rosses conduct as well as that of mine &c which Majr. [Ross] has now in his possession for which he intend to trie him at Port Jackson

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November 1791 Tuesday 1st Cloudy Weather and blows fresh from the S.West by South not much Surf on the Reef Thos. Hill Convict Confind in Irons for being concernd with Folks in Endeavouring to make the Convicts murmur and ther by incitting them to an insurection in the course of last night ther was a very Small Shour cut down an Acre of Barley which is the only Barley that is in the Island and it is very fine indead which Majr. Ross had Sown for himself.

Wednesday 2d Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the S.Ward by South not much Surf a little before two oClock a Ship hove in Sight about a Quarter after four oClock Sent the Boat out to her with Serjt. Clayfield when the Boat went out a great Surf Saw the Boat get Save on board and Suppose from the boats not Returning they thought that there was to much Surf for the Boat to Land She Stood away to the Westward Suppose to See if ther was any Landing at Cascade Bay hope that we Shall be able to here from her to Morrow morning early

Thursday 3rd Fine weather but a good dele of Surf wind N:E: about 10 oClock last night Serjt. Clayfield Returnd from the Ship being landed a Cascade Bay

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Novr 1791 from her and informed use that She was the Atlantic with Mr. King on board and that the Gorgon was at Port Jackson nearly Ready for Sea that this Ship was going after landing all the things She had on board to Culcuta for Provisions for the Settlement Mr. Bowen the Gentleman who brought my letters from my beloved is on board of this Ship that the Queen will come for use heer in a few days to carry use back to Port Jackson She the Atlantic has brought a Captain Paterson (and Lady) of the N.S:Wales Corps who Remains her and Captain Hill Returns to Port Jackson in the Queen Mrs. Kings is also on board Received a few letters from home and one Captain Campbell for which letters See the letter Book there is also 29 Discharged Marines come in this Ship to Settle on this Island.

Friday 4th Fine weather and no Surf wind from the Northward after Breakfast Captain King and Lady with Captain Paterson and Lady came on Shore Mrs. King appears to be a Genteel woman not very pretty and Mrs. Paterson a good coasy Scott Lass and fit for a Soldiers wife Empd. getting all the things on Shore from the Atlantic

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Novr. 1791 Saterday 5th Fine Moderate Weather Wind N:W: no Surf Captain Paterson gave me a letter from my Beloved Alicia and for the care of which I am much obliged to him Mr. Bowen came on Shore who I also thanked for the care he took of my letters from England I asked him if there was any think that I had that would be of Service he Said nothing but as he is going a long Voyage I sent him a Cask of Potatoes for Sea Stock after dinner I walked out to Queensborough with Captain King, Major Ross, Lieuts Bowen and Rey the third Lieutenant of the Gorgon and the Revd. Mr. Johnson who Both return to Port Jackson in the Ship that Carries use the[y] were all highly pleased with the place the[y] could not be other wise for it is a very pretty place

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Novr 1791 Sunday 6th Fine Weather not much Surf wind from the N:ward the Atlantic in the Bay the Revd. Mr. Johnston performd Divine Service both in the forenoon and afternoon all the Troops in the Garrison present the boats Empd. in bringing on Shore different things from the Ship Mr. Johnston Baptize in here 31 Children.

Munday 7th Blows fresh from the N:W: and a great Surf the Atlantic in Sight a good dele of Rain the latter part of this day.

Tuesday 8th Squaly weather and in the Squales blows Remarkably hard and a very great Surf Wind S:W: the Atlantic came in Sight in the Morning Majr. Ross and Mr. King had some words last night which is Settled to the Satisfaction of them both which I am heartly glad of begune Cutting down the Wheat on Ship Wreck hill to day and very fine wheat it is all the Small grain will Soon now be Ripe.

Wednesday 9th Cold weather and blows now and has done all this last night Remarkably hard So much So that a great number of different Sea birds have been blown on Shore Some of them dead an great number with hardly any life in them as also the Sea has thrown on Shore Several fish the Sea is So much adgitated a Great Surf wind S:E:byS:

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Novr 1791 Wednesday 9th the Atlantic in Cascade Bay no Boat came on Shore from her had Several words with Captain Hill Respecting a Quarlell which I had with him on his first arrival in this Island which was Settled again in the presence of Capt Paterson to the Satisfaction of use both

Thursday 10th Cold Cloudy Weather wind S:W: by South a great Surf Still the Queen Transport Ship arrived in the Bay made the Signal for Her to goe Round to Cascady Bay wher the Atlantic is as there is no landing her wher the Queen Landed Lieut Townson of the N:SW Corps and two other Gentlemen

Friday 11th Fine weather not much wind S:W: & by S: a good dele of Surf on the Reef about Nine oClock the two Ships came Round from Cascade Sent the Boat out to them Soon after made the Signal with a Gun for them to goe Round again to Cascade as the Boats could not land which they did Lieut Townson with the Detachment that brought with him came over from Cascade Bay by the Genl. order of this day Majr. Ross gives up the Command and Goverment of the Island to Lieut Govr. King to Morrow Lieut Bowen cald on me to take leave as he will Sail this Evening or to Morrow Morning early I wish him a good Voyage

Transcript of a262290

Novr 1791 Saterday 12th Foggy weather a good dele of Surf at times wind Southerly the Queen landing things at Cascade Bay the Atlantic in Sight from Mount Pit to Morrow Mr. Kings Commission is to be Read appointing him Lieut Govr. of this Island.

Sunday 13th Cloudy weather not much wind nor Surf wind Southerly the Troops in Garrison attended Divine Service after which we Marched to the front of Government House wher Mr. Kings Commission was Read in the presence of the Garrison and the whole of the Inhabitance &c. on the Island the Queen landing at Cascade

NB: all the Prisiners in Confinment of every description were Pardond at the Request of Majr. Ross.

Munday 14th Cloudy weather blows fresh from the Southward no Surf walked out to Queensborough to Show Mr. Grymes the Publick and Private Ground out there the Queen landing things at Cascade a Serjt. and twelf Men of Capt Hill Compy. Embark on board of the Queen to day.

Tuesday 15th Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the Southward a good dele of Surf the Queen in Sight from Cascade the People delivering in ther Hogs who dont wish to keep them on the termes which they Received them from Government and also to give up ther Acres if they dont like to keep them on the agreement of the 8 of Feby.

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Novr 1791 Wednesday 16th Fine weather wind N:W: no Surf the Queen came in to the Bay and the old Coble came on shore from her Sent her off again Captain Hill taken an unfair advantage of Majr. Ross by Examg. Convicts on Oath before the Revd. Mr. Johnstone and Mr. Balmain who are prejudice like himself against Majr. Ross fore these Said Convicts there are not greater Rascals under heaven than they are and would Sell there fathers life if the[y] could get any thing by it.

Thursday 17th Sent a Sergeant with 12 of our men on to the Queen Fine weather Wind S:E: at times a good dele of Surf the Queen in the Bay all the Boats carring our Baggage on board of her that are to Return to Pt. Jackson in her was Examined on Oath by Majr. Ross before Mr. Johnson and Balmain Respecting a Message which Mr. Hume Superingtendant of the Convicts brought Some time back to Majr. Ross from Chas. Gray Convict which Message he Mr. Hume Said Majr. Ross forced him to Sign and Swear contary to his inclination and wish and that Mr. Faddy, Serjt. Kennedy and my Self were present when he was forced which he informed Captain Hill and Swore Yesterday in Court also that he was forced when Faddy, Serjt. Kennedy and my Self declaired on Oath that he was not forced but on the Contrary was desired by Majr. Ross and myself repeatedly not to Sign or Swear to it if he did not like it or if there was any thing in it which was not as he had Related to Majr. Ross in the presence of Faddy and my Self he made answer to that there was not any thing containd but what he had Related and was perfectly Save in Signing it what a Rascal this Hume is

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Novr 1791 Friday 18th Fine weather almost Calm the little wind that there is is from the N:W: at times a very great Surf the Queen in the Bay the Boat Empd. as Yesterday when the Surf will permit them two of the convicts orderd to Receive 800 Lashes Each and Resby who is out of his time refused to work order to have only three days Provisions and to be sent to Port Jackson for he wanted to Settle here which Mr. King will not Suffer him he was only Married Yesterday and Must leave his wife .

Saterday 19th Squaly weather and blows hard from the Westward the Queen gone Round to Cascade Bay a great Sea Running a Tremendious Surf Mr. King orderd to Punished with Lashes for theft

Jany. 1792 Friday 6th Since the day before I left Norfolk have not been able to doe any thing to this from while on Board of the Queen I was Sea Sick the whole of the way from Norfolk to Port Jackson and the few days that I Remaind there was So Busy in getting the Accounts of the Men Settled that I had not time and Since I have been on Bd. of this the Gorgon have been Sea Sick ever Since we Saild am thank God getting the Better of it we Saild the 19 of Decr. and cald at Lord Howes Island

The officers that are Embd. for a Passage in the Gorgon are: Majr. Ross Captns. Campbell, Meredith, Tench, 1st. Lts. Furzer, J. Johnston, Shearp, Clark, 2d. Lts. Dawes, Long,

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Jany 1792 Friday 6th to See if we could get any Turtle but got none we are now in Sight of New Zealand wher I wish we would Stop to get Some Water for I never in the whole course of my life was obliged to drink Such bad water as in on Bd. here I hope to god that we Shall not get Sickly by it for it is Realy very bad

Saterday 7th.

Fine weather - little wind but that fair - this afternoon we were over Plymouth - I wish to god that we were at it in the place of being where I am - the land was in Sight this Morng.

Sunday 8th Fine Moderate weather and a fair wind thank god for it the Ships Compy. was Musterd to day Latt Log

Munday 9th Fine weather - a Strong Breeze from the [*] which is a fair wind for use - god Grant it may continue as long as we want it - Latt 36 Long. 179 .

Wednesday 11th was not out of my Bed all day Yesterday from a great Pain across my back not much better to day -Still a fair wind much the Same as Yesterday Latt in 38 - 49 Long

[Continued from margin of previous page] Faddy, Ross - Lt. Young one of the agents with his wife and Lt. Blow a nother of the agents of Transports that Came out this last fleet

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Jany 1792 Tuesday 24th have not been able to put pen to paper Since the 11 Inst from a pain in the Small of my back and from a pain in my teeth was oblige to have it drawn out on Sunday last Since which time I am thank god better the pain in my back gone also and a fair wind which is another good thing our distance from Cape Horn is 8 Leagues which is Still a great dele

Wednesday 25th Fine weather but very Cold latt in Longd. distance from Cape Horn

Thursday 26th Fine weather but much Colder than Yesterday and will find it more So as we get to the Southward went by the Log Since Yesterday twelf oClock miles Latt in Longe. distance from Cape Horn

Friday 27th Much the Same Kind of weather as Yesterday went by the Log this last twenty four hours miles Latt Long distance from Cape Horn

Saterday 28th Squaly weather the wind fair went by the Log miles Since Yesterday twelf oClock Latt Long Distance from Cape Horn in the wind Continue as it has done this week past we will be Round Cape Horn in ten days

Sunday 29th Squaly weather and very Cold went by the Log miles latt Long distance from Cape Horn

Munday 30th Squaly weather and blows hard but the wind is fair went by the Log miles Latt Long distance from Cape Horn

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Jany 1792 Tuesday 31st Fine weather but very Cold went by the Log miles Latt Long Distance from Cape Horn hope to god this wind will continue have got pains in my legs I hope it is not the Scurvy Shall take every precautions to keep it from Shall be very happy when we get to the Cape of Good Hope

Feby 1792 Wednesday 1st fine weather but little wind and very Cold went by the Log this last twenty four hours 183 miles Latt Long Distance from Cape Horn 341 Leagues have had no Sleep this last night from the pains in my legs hope it is only Cold that I have caught and that it will goe of Soon.

Thursday 2d Fine Moderate weather very little wind and that little against use Shall not have so many miles on the Log Board this last twenty four hours as we had the Day before went by the Log miles Latt Long Distance from Cape Horn Leagues the pains in my legs much the Same Shall drink every day two Quarts of the Issence of Malt for fear it Should be the Scurvy comming

Friday 3d Moderate and Clear weather Latt Long went by the Log the last twenty four hours miles manny happy Returns of the day to my beloved Betsey

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Saterday 4th Moderate weather and hazey with Rain latte in Long went by the Log this last 24 hours miles

Sunday 5th Strong gales and hazy a heavy Sea Running from the Westward passed Some rock weed Several [boobies?] and Land Birds about the Ship at about 11 oClock in the forenoon Saw the Land of Terra del Fuigo York Minster bearing NE by N: distant 7 or 8 Leags. Latt in Long miles

Munday 6th Moderate and cloudy weather Latt in Long went by the Log miles the Land in Sight Supposed to be cape Horn very cold the Hills in Shore coverd with Snow .

Tuesday 7th Moderate and Clear weather the Land Still in Sight the later part of this day Rainy very Cold and the people getting Sickly .

Wednesday 8th Cloudy weather and very cold passed some rock weed very cold indeed

Thursday 9th Moderate weather Remarkaby cold can hardly keep my self warm .

Friday 10th Fine moderate weather and Cloudy very cold.

Saterday 11th Moderate weather but at times Rain and very cold.

Sunday 12th Moderate weather and Rain three white Birds lighted in the Mizen Top Sail Yard and was fired at and one of them was wounded and fell on the water hoisted out the Boat to pick it up the Sailors cals it a Snow Bird it is only wounded in the wing

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Feby 1792 Munday 13th Squaly weather and appears if it was inclinable to blow a great Quantity of Rock weed passed the Ship.

Tuesday 14th Squaly weather and Remarkably cold and blows very hard a great number of Birds round the Ship

Wednesday 15th Squaly weather and very cold blows hard and a great Sea Running from the NNW.

Thursday 16th Squaly weather very cold Saw a Seal Some Rock weed passed the Ship a great number of Porpoisses and Birds about the Ship my feet and hands all over chill Blains from the cold.

Friday 17th More Moderate than Yesterday but very cold

Saterday 18th Moderate and Cloudy Saw 29 Islands of Ice this day one of them was a large field of Ice from one Exstream to the other was 18 miles it came on to blow very hard towards Evening Remarkably cold Latt in Long went by the Log miles -Saw one Pintado Bird to day.

Sunday 19th Blows Remarkably hard and a great Sea Running obliged to bring Too not able to carry Sail very Sea Sick no observation.

Munday 20th Much the Same weather Laying Too not able to carry Sail it blows So very hard with a most tremendious Sea Running and the weather Remarkably cold

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Feby 1792 Tuesday 21st Blows Still very hard and a great Sea Running the Ship Still laying Too.

Wednesday 22d More Moderate Made Sail this day departd this life Jude Dougherty one of the Marines wives She was only brought to bed two days before we Saild from Port Jackson She has left three young Children commited the Body to the Deep Saw Several Whales to day and a number of Birds Round the Ship went by the Log miles.

Thursday 23d Squaly with Rain Saw a number of Birds about the Ship Some Rock weed passed the Ship went by the Log 254 miles.

Friday 24th Fresh gales and Cloudy with Rain the weather Still very cold the people beginning to get the Scurvy went by the Log 2 miles.

Saterday 25th Cloudy weather I hope if this wind continues to be at the Cape of Good Hope in ten or twelf days not So cold as yesterday went by the Log miles.

Sunday 26th Squaly weather a number of Birds about the Ship went by the Log miles.

Munday 27th Moderate and Cloudy the people beginning to drop fast the weather beginning to grow much warmer went by the Log miles

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Feby 1792 Tuesday 28th Moderate & Clear weather the weather growing warm Since we have got out of the Latte. of the Ice went by the Log 199 miles

Wednesday 29 Fine Moderate weather with a long Swell from the S:W: went by the Log miles distance from the Cape of Good Hope at this day noon.

March 1792 Thursday 1st Fine Moderate and pleasent weather the Breeze Still continues fair went by the Log miles distance to day at noon from the Cape of Good Hope

Friday 2d Squaly weather and a good dele of Rain a great number of Small Birds Round the Ship to day went by the Log miles distance from the Cape of Good Hope

Friday 2d Moderate Breezes with Small Rain went by the Log miles having now made the Circle of the Globe which is being Returned to the Meridean of Greenwhich again therefore having gaind a day are obliged to drop it and in the Room of its being Saterday the 3d. it is only Friday the Second if we did not drop a day the would be 32 days in this month I hope to god the Breeze will not leave use as the people are getting very Sickly from the C. of G. H.

Saterday 3d. Moderate Breezes with Rain a number of different Kind of Sea Birds Round the Ship went by the Log miles from the C. of G H

Sunday 4th. very little wind and inclinable to be Calm went by the Log only miles distance from the C of G H

Munday 5th little wind almost a Calm went by the Log only miles

Tuesday 6th light Airs with Rain the Sick list increasing very fast hope to god we will get in to the Cape two good days Run would bring us there being only miles from it went by the Log miles

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March 1792 Wednesday 7th Cloudy weather little wind the Sea Smooth went by the Log only this last twenty four hours miles -between forty and fifty of the people very ill with Scurvy.

Thursday 8th Strong Gales and Squaly with a heavy Swell hope this will bring us within Sight of the Cape of Good Hope in couple of days went by the Log 214 miles.

Friday 9th Fine weather Still a good fair wind went by the Log miles Saw Several Birds Round the Ship.

Saterday 10th Moderate weather and warm hope if this Breeze continues to be in the Cape to Morrow

Sunday 11th almost a Calm and the Table land in Sight only for a little wind to carry use in.

Munday 12th we came to an Ancher last night in here Table Bay Cape of Good Hope where Several Ships of different Nations are also at Anchor we Salluted the Fort which was Returned with the Same number of Guns from the Fort Captn. & Mrs. Parker, Majr. Ross, Captn. Campbell &c. &cc. went on Shore after Breakfast to wait on the Govr. when the Boats Returnd the Boat brought me a letter from my belovd which was left ther By the Pitt Eastindiaman who is gone on for Port Jackson for which I Return her the thanks of a fond husband all the Sick are to goe on Shore hope we Shall not Remain long here for I wish much to get home

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March 1792 Tuesday 13th Fine weather ane American Ship came into the Bay from Bengal bound to Ostend but is to call at Some Port in the Chanell to land ther Passangers and will Sail in the cours of this week I Shall write by her to my dear beloved as I think She will get gome Some Time before use Dawes brought me a Message on board from Coll. Gordon Saying that he wishes me to come on Shore as Soon as he can as he wishes to See me

April 1792 Friday 6th Fine weather but little wind for use to get out Since the 13 of last month untill this day have not been able to attend to this having mostly all that time been on Shore about four oClock this afternoon got under way Salluted the Fort which the Fort Returnd NB this afternoon a child belonging to Corpl. Bacon died it was ill on Shore.

Saterday 7th Fine weather little wind the land in Sight.

Sunday 8th Moderate weather a fine Breeze I am in hopes that I shall not be Sea Sick as I have not been Since we have come out this time

Munday 9 Fine weather and a charming Breeze went by the Log 175 miles

Tuesday 10 much the Same weather and wind as yesterday thank god for it hope we shall make but a Short Voyage went by the Log 185 miles

Wednesday 11 Charming weather and a fine wind went by the Log

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Thursday 12 Fine weather and a Charming Trade wind went by the Log miles hope to See St Helena by Sunday afternoon a few of the Small Black Pettrals round the Ship

Friday 13th Fine Moderate weather much the Same Kind of weather as Yesterday oh how I long to get Home I hope that I Shall be there by the 23 of June went by the Log miles

Saterday 14thModerate weather almost a Calm went by the Log miles Latt in 21–31 South.

Sunday 15th Fine moderate weather went by the Log miles Latt in 20–19 South Fish about the Ship.

Munday 16th Cloudy weather went by the Log miles Latt in Latt 18–37 South distance from St. Helena by the Time Keeper 87 Leags.

Tuesday 17th Cloudy weather very warm a fine fair wind not think So much of the Heat went by the Log miles Latt in 16 South if the wind continues Shall See the Island of St Helena to morrow morning.

Wednesday 18th Fine Moderate weather the Island of St Helena in Sight about 8 oClock was close in with it Saw three Ships laying in the Road I am very glad we did not come to an anchor her for it would have been loosing So much time from the Ship the Island appears nothing but a barren Rock worse than any part of

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April 1791 Wednesday 18th New South Wales about 11 oClock lost Sight of the Land again we intend to Stop at the Island a Assention to endeavour to get Some Turtle but I hope we will not throw away any time for I wish every day more and more to get home Latt in by observation 13 South

Thursday 19 Fine Moderate clear weather a great number of Flying fish round the Ship to day Latt in 13–48 South went by the Log 123 miles.

Friday 20th Fine weather a great number of Flying fish round the Ship Faddy caught a Banotoe last night which is the first that has been caught Since we are come into the lattatudes of them Latt in South went by the Log miles.

Saterday 21st Fine moderate weather this is the most pleasing Sailing that I ever had Running down the Treads* and every hour brining near home I hope that we Shall carry this Breeze across the Line with use a great number of albacors round the Ship and also Flying fish Latt in 10–10 S.

Sunday 22d Fine moderate weather but very hott to day and at night below on the lower Gun deck there is hardly any living for the heat Latt went by the Log miles a great number of Porpoisses

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April 1792 Munday 23d Fine Moderate weather the Island of Assention in Sight at 11 oClock came to ane anchor in the Road where we found riding ane American Schooner from the Island of St Helena last bound to the West Indias had been here only three days She had got about 20 Turtle before dinner Sent two Boats on Shore to land the people that were to turn the Turtle when the[y] came on Shore in the night after dinner I went with two boats to a nother part of the Island where I hauld the Boats up and divid the people in two parties the party that I keep with me turnd only one but the other party turnd five I did not See on the whole Island a Single Vegetation there are goats on the Island but I did not See any we Caught a great number of different Kinds a Sea Birds the Island is about 20 miles round and hight but it is nothing but a Sinder having

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Tuesday 24th being destroyed with fire the Party that went with Lieuts Gordin, Rey, Long and Faddy I found had Turnd nine returnd on board with our Turtle a littlebefore dinner made a Complaint to Captain Parker of Mr. Analby the Midshipman that went with me for being beastly drunk and impertinent this afternoon the other of the twins of Corpo. Bacon died Several more of the young children will I am affraid will die Fine moderate weather have got a cold from Sleeping on the Ground last night

Wednesday 25th Fine weather this morning the Youngest child died of Serjt. Devan after breackfast got under way this is I hope the last place we shall Stop at untill we arrive in England I wish to God we were got there once.

Thursday 26th Fine weather this day the Youngest child of Serjt. Gelbourn died I am very sorry

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April 1792 for poor little John he was a fine child this Hott weather is playing the devil with the children down here it is at Hott as Hell I wish to god we had got 20 degrees the other side of the line Latt in 6–13 South

Friday 27th Fine weather a little Breeze but very Hott Latt in 4–47 South

Saterday 28 Fine Moderate weather as hot as Hell below I hope if this little good Breeze continues that we will be out of the Southering Part of the World into that that my loves lives in Latt in 3–26 South

Sunday 29th Fine Moderate weather it Raind very hard in the night Latt in 2–10 South number of Flying fish round the Ship very Hott all last night and is not at hot as it well can be the latter part of this day Calm and a great dele of Rain

Munday 30 Calm hope to God it will not Remain So long Latt in 1–14 South

May 1792 Tuesday 1 a Light Air the child of Mapp died in the night and the body of it was committed to the deep this afternoon at four oClock two Sharks were caught the morning - in the Belly of one of the them was found a Prayer Book Quite fresh not a leaf of it defaced on one of the leaves was wrote

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May 1792 Tuesday 1 Francis Carthy cast for death in the Year 1786 and Repreaved the Same day at four oClock in the afternoon as the book was Seemed Quite fresh I think Some Ship must be near use now going out to Botany Bay Latt in to day by observation 31 miles South from the line hope that we shall be in the Same Side of the world that my Betsey is in before twelve oClock at night great numbers of Porpoises round the Ship

Wednesday 2 Fine moderate weather a little Breeze from the Eastward this morning at a little after Six past the line thank God I am onc more the Same Hemispher with my Betsey latd. in 0–33 miles North from the line this day about twelve oClock the Younger boy of Serjt. Devans died I made the mistake of Serjt. Devans younger child diyin on the 25 of last month it was the Second Child of theres the one that died to day was the Youngest the children are going very fast the hot weather is the reason of it

Thursday 3 Fine weather a gentle Breeze -Lattd. in 1–40 No. Poor Gelbourn is very ill

Friday 4 Squaly weather with a great dele of Rain last night the Youngest child of Jno. Turner Private marine died last night and the body was committed to the deep

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May 1792 Saterday 5 all last night Squaly with very hard Rain the whole night and the greatest part of this morning very hot Sultry weather I wish to god we would get the N:E: Trade Latd. in 4–38 No.

Sunday 6th Squaly weather with a great dele of Rain all this day last night the child beloning to Mary Broad the convict woman who went a way in the fishing Boat from P. Jackson last Year died about four oClock committed the Body to the deep Latd. 5–25 No.

Munday 7th Calm and very hot Several Sharks round the Ship Latd. in 5–32 No.

Tuesday 8 Light airs from the Eastward at nine oClock last night Spoke a Ship the Prince William Henry from Portsmouth to the Coast of Brazil a Whaling Saild from Portsmouth the 6 of April and all was Quite She left at the Mother Bank two Ships bound for Botany Bay with Convicts on board we Sent a boat on Board of Her and gave them a Turtle in Return they gave use a two three newspaper where in I Saw that a fire had destroyed nearly the whole of Mr. Dunstervils Black House to the amount of 7000 they further informed use that the Supply was not arrived nor Captain Hunter with his people when She Saild

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May 1791 Wednesday 9 a fine fresh Trade this will Soon run use home a great number of fish round the Ship struck five and caught them with the grains Latd. in 6–19 No. many Birds round the Ship

Thursday 10 a fine Breeze long may it continue So a great number of fish round the Ship Latt in 8–47 No.

Friday 11 Blows fresh at times but it is a fine wind I hope to be home by the Kings Birth day I wish we may be obliged to put into Plymouth Latd. in 10–49 No. Spoke a Brigg an American cald the Betsey of Providence out 35 days bound to Bengal

Saterday 12 much the Same weather as Yesterday went by the Log miles Latt in 12–48 No.

Sunday 13 Still the Same kind of wind and weather as Yesterday Latd. in 15:11 No. this day five Years we Saild from England to Botany Bay

Munday 14 Fine weather the Same as Yesterday Latd. in 17–52 No. this forenoon Mrs. Stuart wife of Serjt. Stuart was brought to bed of a Girl the mother and child are both very well

Thursday 15 Fine moderate weather Some Gulf weed past the Ship Latd. in 26–26 No.

Wednesday 16 Squaly weather no observation to day

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Thursday 17 Fine moderate and Clear weather Past a great Quantity of Gulf weed Latd. in 25.26 Longd. in 35–06 West

Friday 18 Moderate and Clear weather inclinable to Calm Latd. in 27.26 No. Longd. in 35.55 W

Saterday 19 Light Airs almost a Calm departed this life Mary Hume daughter of Serjt. Hume the only child and was a fine Girl of her age about 3 Years Latd. in 27–52

Sunday 20 Calm no wind Latd. in 28–04 No.

Munday 21 Calm I wish to God that a Breeze would Spring up Latd. in 28–00 No. we have being going back again four miles

Tuesday 22d Calm have been dead with Tooth aick had it drawn out to day

Wednesday 23 Calm ill with a Sweld face

Thursday 24 Calm Still a Sweld face much better than Yesterday

Friday 25th Light airs Latd. in 29–39 North

Saterday 26th Light airs Latd. in 30–47

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May 1792 Sunday 27 little wind I wish to Christ a Breeze would Spring up and let use get home Latd. 32–13

Munday 28th Light airs at times Calm Eight large Albicors round the Ship all this day Saw also a whale and two Birds Latd. in 33–13

Tuesday 29 a Gentle Breeze from the Southward Latd. in 34–10 No. I hope to God we shall be in England this day forthnight

Wednesday 30th a Gentle Breeze from the S:S:W: Latd. in 35:35 No. Past a Sail this morning early She Seemed Standing to the S:E: She was to fare to goe that much out of our way to Speak her Past Some Plank like the wreck of a Ship

Thursday 31 Moderate Weather Latd. in 37–38 No. again Passed Some wreck departed this life Buckly Boswains mate of the Sirius I am Sorry for Poor Buckley althought he was a great Black Guard Francis Carty, convict, sailed with the First Fleet aboard “Scarborough”

June 1792 Friday 1 Moderate weather Latd. in 39–21 No. saw the Island of Corva one of the Western Islands a fine Breeze if this wind continues I hope to be home about the 10 or 12 of this month

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June 1792 Saterday 2d Cloudy weather with a fresh Breeze from the S.E. Saw a Strang Sail She Showed dutch Colours Latd. in this day the Youngest Boy of Serjt. Perry died a little before Sun Set committd the Body to the deep.

Sunday 3d Moderate and Cloudy weather wind S:E: Saw a Sail Latd. in 44.13 No.

Munday 4th Light airs and Cloudy wind from the N:E: two Strang Sails in Sight Latd. in 46–16 No.

Tuesday 5th Light airs and Cloudy wind S:E: Saw a Sail in the S:E: Quarter Latd. in 46–00 No.

Wednesday 6th Light airs and hazey weather wind S:E: Saw a Strang Sail in the S:E: Quarter Latd. in 47.10

Thursday 7 Fresh Breezes and Cloudy with flying Shours a Sail in Sight thank god we are drawing So near home Latd. in 48.44

Friday 8 Cloudy weather at time Slight Showers the wind is come right in our teeth and Seems inclinable to continue So

Saterday 9 mostly cloudy wett weather the wind the Same as Yesterday if this wind continues a few days longer we shall be out of all Provisions being now So near home and the wind to come against Use little dose the gods know how much I long to get home

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otherwise they would take compassion on me and Send a fair wind to bring me to all that my heart holds dear on earth Sunday 10

Cloudy weather and Blows fresh from the S:E: and a great Sea Munday 11

Haze weather with a fresh Breeze from the N:E: Tuesday 12

Squaly weather with Rain - very cold - not So much Sea yesterday and the day before Wednesday 13

Moderate weather - Saw two Strange Sails - a boat came on board from one of them - found her to be the Nancy of Dover - She gaveuse very little news - She could not inform use if the Supply was arrived or not Thursday 14

Moderate weather - little wind from the S:E: Friday 15

Fresh Breezes and Raining weather - Several Sails in Sight - Spoke the Tobola Planter from Jamaica bound to London out Seven weeks Saterday 16

Squaly weather with Rain - Several Sails in Sight Sunday 17

Fine moderate weather - Several fishing Boats in Sight - Spoke the Scarcy frigate

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on a Cruse who informs use that the Supply was arrived and paid off - thank God then my B..… has got my letters which I sent by her - Several Sails in Sight - I wish god that the wind would come foul then we might goe in to Plymouth but there is no hopes of that,

Notes

University of Sydney Library. The texts are not to be used for commercial purposes without permission 2003

Prepared from the print edition published by Australian Documents Library in Association with The Library of Australian History Pty Ltd Sydney 1981 344pp.

Edited by Paul G. Fidlon and R. J. Ryan

Excerpts from the editors' notes:

Ralph Clark's journal is a very personal document — clearly not intended for publication. Yet it would not be unfair to suggest that had he lived long enough Clark would have made some attempt at transcribing his notes into a saleable book. Clark's desire to earn money and his impecunious circumstances become clear as one reads through his writings.

It is probable that the original journal comprised three notebooks the second of which has been lost. This could account for the period 11 March 1788 to 14 February 1790 apparently not recorded by Clark. The change of style beginning with the entry for 15 February 1790 affords some evidence that Clark might have just started using a new book.

Clark's letter book would then have made a fourth volume — copies of his official and semi-personal letters. We suspect that a few personal letters were pasted into the book sometime after Clark's death in 1794. We further suspect that there was another letterbook in which would be found copies of official letters written between his return to England in 1792 and his death. Admiralty and Marine Records at the Public Record Office in Kew, England, list a number of such letters. Is it too much to hope that some of the missing documents may yet come to light?

Whatever may have become of other documents, we know that the Mitchell Library purchased Clark's memorabilia at a Sotheby's auction in London in 1914. The Clark lot included the journal, letters and a small portrait of Mrs Clark (Betsey Alicia), all of which are reproduced in this work. There was also a typescript of the journal signed by F.A. Trevan, a great-nephew of Ralph Clark. It was F.A. Trevan who offered Clark's papers and the portrait for sale.

Clark's journal contains 312 pages of yellowing, unruled, thin diary paper 160mm wide and 197mm deep and written in ink. The journal is listed under the Mitchell Library call number Z 1/27.

Clark's letterbook consists of the same heavy cream paper as the journal. The letters and various other pieces are mounted on the pages which are pencil-numbered to 122 with a score or so of blank pages at the back of the book. The letterbook is 245mm across, 275mm deep and 20mm thick. Mitchell Library call number Z/C 221.

The small oval portrait of Betsey Alicia which measures approximately 70mm 50mm is delicately coloured and well preserved. Clark says it was “done by a limner” and seems to suggest that he and Betsey commissioned it when his departure for New South Wales was imminent. Two locks of hair (partly obscured by the identification label) are pressed into the back of the portrait. We think the hair may have been young Ralph's.

Both the journal and letterbook are bound in brown hide with gold-ruled ridges along the spine and imprinted with two black outline waratah flowers. Inside and back covers are marbled in light brown and cream.

Occasionally in the journal Clark refers to an “orderly book”.As far as we know, this book has not been found. We are unable to say if it was a book kept by Clark or by the adjutant of marines. It could have been the Order Book which is listed at the Public Record Office as ADM 184/PL.

Paul G. Fidlon

R.J. Ryan

Editors' introduction

We have not been able to discover the year of Ralph Clark's birth but it cannot have been far removed from the year in which the marines were reborn, in 1755. According to Janet Hine, Clark was in service with the Dutch before 1777—it is possible that he would have been about 20 years of age at that time.

The marines were first raised by an Order in Council of 28 October 1664. A regiment of 1200 soldiers known as the Admiral's Regiment was “to be distributed into His Majesty's Fleets prepared for sea service”. Thereafter soldiers “for sea service” were drawn from other regiments until 1690. In that year the formation of two Marine Regiments enabled the recruitment of soldiers exclusively for sea service. A Marine Pay Office was established on 16 May 1702, but the continuity of the marine force itself depended on the exigencies of war. The marines were disbanded between 1713 and 1739 and again between 1745 and 1755.

On 3 April 1755 an Order in Council raised 5000 marines in 50 companies each assigned to one of the “Grand Divisions” quartered at Chatham, Plymouth and Portsmouth under the control of the Board of Admiralty. The marines were honoured with the prefix ‘Royal’ by George III in an order of 29 April 1802.

Ralph Clark was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant of Marines (not Royal) on 25 August 1779 as a member of the 27th Company. He was appointed to the 6th Company on 1 August 1783 with which Company he sailed for Australia.

Part of our difficulty in tracking down information relating to Clark arises from the fact that, with a few exceptions, no records of marine appointments before 1793 have survived. From what little record there is, however, we can piece together some of Clark's service life. It appears that he volunteered for service with the First Fleet in the hope that it would bring promotion and financial reward. This hope was fulfilled when the death of Captain Shea left a gap in the ranks which Major Ross filled from among his subordinate officers. In the reshuffle Ralph Clark was promoted to First Lieutenant.

However, the prospect of promotion lost its glitter as soon as the fleet sailed; almost daily references to homesickness in the early part of Clark's journal attest to this. “All the gains on earth”, Clark bemoaned on the eve of his third wedding anniversary, “should never have made me leave…my dear beloved Alicia and sweet boy”. Yet he was hardly back home after five years away when he volunteered for duty in the West Indies — this time taking his “sweet boy” Ralph junior with him.

Judging by his journal and letters Clark appears to have been an unhappy man, not given to the kind of riotous living one often associates with servicemen. When his comrades sat up late at night enjoying themselves, Ralph Clark either complained of the noise they made or joined them — but drank only lemonade. On one occasion, while despising the drinking habits of Lieutenant Faddy, he boasted that he'd only ever been tipsy once. And that was when he married his dear Betsey Alicia!

During the long voyage thoughts of Betsey Alicia and young Ralph occupied many of Clark's waking hours. And his sleeping hours were likewise given to dreams of family and home. On his wedding anniversary Clark wrote: “Oh how I long for the months to fly away to restore [me] to my Alicia my friend my dear wife and Beautiful little engaging son”. On another occasion Clark “dreamt last night of having been with my dear Alicia…sitting at the fire with her night cap on and Seemd very Low”. Ralph Clark's heart and mind were filled with love, affection and kindness for his wife and son. On Sundays he took the picture out of its protective bag and kissed it “a thousand times”. It is hard to imagine anyone more homesick than Lt. Clark during those long days at sea.

While he was tender-hearted toward his own family, Clark displayed an arrogant intolerance of the women convicts aboard the Friendship. Early in the voyage, some sailors got into the women's quarters — but Clark blamed the women! Even if they were the “damned whores” he says they were, it is hard to imagine the women breaking through the bulkhead without assistance from the outside. In any event, Clark was glad to be rid of them when the women aboard his ship were replaced by sheep at Cape Town. He wrote: “I think we will find [the sheep] much more agreable ship mates than [the women] were”.

It is a great pity that so much of Clark's journal is missing; from the missing part we might have learned something of the man's optimistic side. As Part II of this volume opens, Clark is once again up-river seeking out the Aborigines. From the narrative it appears that Clark had struck up a useful acquaintance with the natives since landing at Sydney Cove some 12 months before. The Aborigines seemed to trust him more than anyone else. Clark showed he was worthy of their trust by refusing to capture two of them because he feared their children would starve. Here Clark shows the same tenderness to mother and child as he does to his own wife and son. But, alas, our chance of learning more of Clark the optimist is probably lost forever.

Betsey Alicia seems to have been overlooked for much of Part II which, for the most part, coincides with Clark's stint on Norfolk Island. It was during this time that the weakness of the flesh, which Clark so deplored in other men, triumphed over Clark's love for his wife and son. Though he makes no mention of her (which is not surprising) Ralph Clark found a paramour among the convict women of whom he previously thought so little. Her name was Mary Branham; she was barely 20 years old. In July 1791 she bore him a daughter. The daughter was christened Alicia.

The date of Alicia's christening (16 December 1791) falls in the middle of a gap of nearly seven weeks in Clark's journal. Clark explains his failure to keep his diary on a daily basis because he was alternately sick and busy. It seems clear however that Clark did not leave the child on Norfolk Island when he sailed for Sydney on 19 November 1791— the mother and child sailed with him.

We are grateful to Jennifer Heward for filling in some of the gaps in Ralph Clark's biography relating to the time of his return to England in 1792 up to his death in 1794.

After Clark's return to England he appears to have been appointed to the 100th Company based at Chatham. Although the appointment was made in early October 1792, Clark did not join the Company until 20 January 1793 on which date he is reported as being “fit for duty”. We cannot of course assume that he was “unfit” for the previous three months; weekly returns of marines were always written in such form. Clark may have been granted leave to the beginning of 1793.

Ms Heward found Ralph Clark's name on the list as fit for duty from January 1792 until he embarked aboard the Tartar on 1 May 1793, presumably for the West Indies. According to the records he was still listed as being in the Company on 28 December 1794. This latter information poses something of a problem because we had expectedto find Clark's death recorded several months earlier than this. The pay register seems to indicate that Clark's pay for 1794 terminated on 31 March 1794 but we know from his letters that he was alive in early June 1794. The Admiralty List for 1794 reads “Died” and Clark's name is struck off the list.

The mystery deepens when one compares Clark's last letter home with the Marine List in Appendix 1. The list shows Clark as victualled by the Tartar—but Clark writes from the Sceptre. Such mysteries are the stuff of research and a diligent fossicker might one day dig up the missing material and tie the loose ends together.

Janet Hine has already done a considerable amount of work in piecing the Ralph Clark story together. Her notes, which are invaluable to those undertaking further research of the subject, are in the Mitchell Library (ML MSS 3556).

The Ralph Clark story has a sad ending. Betsey Alicia died after giving birth to a dead child. Clark died probably not knowing what happened to his “beloved Betsey”; we think he was killed in action (fighting the French in Haiti) before the news could have reached him. And young Ralph, fighting on the same ship as his father, died of yellow fever. The catalogue produced by Sotheby's to advertise the sale of Clark's journal states that young Ralph died “on the same day” as his father. Presumably this claim was made by the Trevan family.

Thus the small family for which Clark suffered so much came to an end. The promotion he sought so desperately eluded him. He died, not having advanced in rank since his promotion to First Lieutenant in New South Wales.

Yet it is possible that the Clark line continues to this day. What became of Mary Branham and her little girl Alicia? Was Alicia their only child? These are questions to which a biographer of Ralph Clark will no doubt find answers.

Paul G. Fidlon