Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales

Matthew Flinders

Private Journal, 17 December 1803 to 8 July 1814

[Notes: The text of Flinders' private journal reproduced here retains his original spelling and punctuation. An appendix containing additional information about persons, ships, organisations, places and terms mentioned by Flinders can be found following the final journal entry.

Saturday Decr.187th. At 5 P.M. the health boat came on board and I accompanied the officers on shore, with the commander of the American ship. The captain-general was at dinner and I was kept waiting until eight o'clock and then saw him. He asked in an impetuous manner why I came here a in a small schooner with a passport for the Investigator, and after many other questions put with much acumen, he expressed himself unsatisfied with my answers or the business I was upon, saying that I was imposing upon him, for it was not probable that I should be here in so small a vessel. He then ordered an officer, I believe an aid-de-camp, and the interpreter, to go on board, and they demanded all my papers, charts, books &c. relating to my voyage of discovery, and also the letters and packets that might be on board; and after, wished me to sign a paper that I had done so; but as this was preambled with remarks upon the our suspicious appearance and the captain-general's opinion thereon I objected to it, but wrote a certificate at the bottom concerning my books and papers. The trunk containing these was lashed up and sealed by me and was taken up to the governors house and Mr Aken and myself were taken on shore about 1 in the morning, and a guard put on board the vessel. We were taken to some place which we expected was to be a tavern, but it had a most prison-like appearance¸ and a soldier was placed over our chamber, in which two little truckle beds were prepared for us.
In the morning, a soldier was placed in the chamber before we were well awake, but we found in the main that we were placed in a tavern and were furnished very well at breakfast and dinner.
It was one o'clock before I was called to attend the general. His aids-de-camp

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aids-de-camp took me into an office and a gentleman who spoke some English put various questions to me from a paper and wrote down my answers: they generally tended to ascertain why I appeared here in so small a vessel and without my officers & scientific gentlemen, when my passport was for the Investigator - why I shewed the colours that I did - why I chased a vessel in sight of the island - and what were the objects that induced me to put in at this port? My answers to all these being taken down, and, together with my letter from governor King relating to the Cumberland shewn to the general, I found that they began to be more satisfied concerning me; and about five I received an invitation from the general to go to dinner, which I declined. The several answers which I had given were ordered to be translated into English that I might know to what it was I signed, and governor Kings letter to me concerning the Cumberland was translated into French; I was desired, also, to point out such parts of my journal as related to my changing the Investigator for the Cumberland, and also to shew my reasons, particularly, for coming into this port when I had intended to go to the Cape of Good Hope; and having done this I was conducted back to my room at the tavern about half past eight oclock. Finding matters turning favourably, I had requested that Mr. Aken might be permitted to go on board the schooner, but was answered that it was then late, but that the general would see me in the morning, and the same answer I received on requesting that the soldier might be taken out of my room. I must, however, do the generals officers the credit to say, that they conducted their unpleasant task as agreeably to me as the matter permitted could well permit, and the different sentries also that were placed over Mr. Aken and me behaved with much propriety.
I find that the Geographe had sailed but one day before our arrival, that the commandant, Baudin, had died here and that Monsieur Mellius who had been second captain of the Naturalist had at Port Jackson now commanded the

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the Geographe. This gentleman had quitted the Naturaliste at Port Jackson, and gone to China in an American vessel, and come I suppose from thence to this island.

I likewise find that the Naturaliste had been taken on her way

to France, and carried into an English port, where she was detained a month, and everything taken from her which related not to her voyage of discovery. Monday Decr. 20 19th. In the morning our sentry was taken out of the room and stationed without side, but I heard nothing from the general until about 3 o'clock, when the interpreter brot. the paper of questions to me to sign now translated into English, and I found that provisions had been sent on board the schooner for the people. Mr. Aken was permitted at this time to go on board and he brought the time-keeper and some instruments on shore that I might be getting a new rate for it. He learnt on board that the American ship Hunter which we had met at Timor in April last was now here, that the Commander mate of her had been on board and appeared to be desirous of getting our few seamen; and from another quarter he heard that we were likely to be cleared from the French, but that the Dutch admiral intended to send a vessel after us when we should sail, and take us so soon as we should be clear of the port. After going away the interpreter returned and informed me that business prevented the general from seeing me before tomorrow at noon.
This day we found our treatment in the tavern to improve, the number of our dishes increased, and our table furniture was more splendid; and we were permitted to go into the billiard room, and altogether our treatment was very good, considering ourselves to be close prisoners.

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Tuesday Decr. 22nd 20th At 1, the interpreter and an officer took me My boatswain came to me from the schooner and represented that our people were committing many irregularities, in taking away spirits, getting drunk, and one in particular (a Prussian) abusing him in a highly improper manner, and several had gone on shore, being permitted to do so by the guard.
At 1, the interpreter and an officer took me to the generals house, as I supposed to see the general and to settle everything. He shewed me into the office and requested a copy of my passport and commission, which was soon made out and signed by myself: the latter I also wrote out being anxious to come to a close. After this I was informed that the general was busy and could not see me today; and the officer conducted me back to my room, without any information when the generals business might permit him to see me or how matters were likely to be determined.
I now sat down and wrote the following letter To the captain general and governor in chief over the French settlements to the east of the Cape of Good Hope
If you have generally satisfied yourself found reason to believe that I was actually the Commander of His Britannic Majestys ship Investigator for which a passport was given by from the first consul of France was given, and that I am now in prosecution of the service for w on whose account that passport was given obtained given, I beg your Excellencys attention to the following circumstances
My officer and myself being taken out of my vessel, all subordination and regularity amongst my seamen have ceased; they are permitted to go into my cabin and take spirits, they commit disorders and are even permitted to go on shore On these accounts and f To correct these and for the preservation of the vessels stores, I have to re

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request that my officer be permitted to remain on board.
The principal objects for which I put in at this port were to get the upper works of my vessel caulked, and the pumps fresh bored and fitted; and if Your Excellency sees cause reason to accord with the first paragraph, I request that these works may be begun upon, that I may be able to sail as soon as possible after you should be pleased to liberate me from my present state of purgatory.

With all due respect, I am,
Your Excellencys obedient servant
Mattw. Flinders

From my confinement - Decr. 20th 1803

The commander mate of the American ship Hunter whom we had seen at Timor in April, and the commander of the American ship Fanny whom we left at Port Jackson in July 1802, called upon me this after noon. I proposed to go with my people as passengers to St. Helena in one of their ships which did not design to touch at the Cape, intending in that case to sell the Cumberland; with the permission of the governor here, provided I should be set at liberty. In the evening the interpreter came to me with the information that the corporal of the guard on board the schooner had been punished for neglecting his orders, and one of my men who was drunk on shore was put into the guard house; and that the captain general would give an answer to my note in the morning.
Wednesday Decr. 23rd 21st. About 11 in the morning, the interpreter came to me with the generals aid-de-camp, Monistrol, and read me an order which the captain-general had given for them

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to take me on board; and take the remaining books and papers and seal them up in a trunk to be taken to the generals house, an inventory was to be taken of the stores, and the people to be removed on board the guard ship: Mr. Aken and myself were permitted to take our clothes on shore to our place of confinement at the tavern, but not our books (the printed ones). The reason for this new step as alleged in the order was, that I had violated the neutrality required by my passport from its being found among my reasons for putting into this port, that I wished to gain a knowledge of the periodical winds in the neighbourhood, and of the present state of the French colony, as how far it or its dependencies in Madagascar could be useful in supplying Port Jackson with cattle, or how far it might be an useful place of refreshment for the ship which I expected to obtain in England to continue my voyage of discovery How far such a remark made in my journal upon the supposition that there was peace between England and France can be a breach of neutrality every one can judge.
We went on board and the tenor of the generals order was executed; but I may add that the two officers were so sensible of the forced construction put upon my words that they apologised for what they were obliged by their orders to execute, and the officer said he should make a representation to the general upon the subject.
I now sat down to write the following letter to the captain-general
From your order which was explained to me this morning I find, that the plea for detaining me is not now, that I do not appear in this port with the Investigator according

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to the letter of my passport from the first consul of France but that I have violated the neutrality therein required, by having given in my journal as an additional reason for putting into this port, that "it would enable me to acquire a knowledge of the periodical winds and of the present state of the French colony", and how far it or its dependencies might be useful to Port Jackson, and how far it would be a convenient place for me to touch at in my future expected voyage of discovery I quote from memory only, my journal being in your possession. How far this remark, made upon the supposition of the our two nations being at peace, can be a breach of neutrality I acknowledge myself unable to discover. No explanation thing can in my opinion add to the innocence or propriety of the intentions with which I put into this port; but I shall justify it by the example of your own nation; and to do this it is only necessary for me to refer you to the instructions which preface the published voyage of the unfortunate Pèrouse by the penetrating judicious Fleurieu. Your Excellency will there see that the unfor the much lamented navigator was ordered to make particular observations upon the trade, manufactures, strength, situation &c. &c. of every port in which he might touch. So that if the your example of your own nation is to be taken as the standard of accuracy propriety, your the plea for detaining me making me a prisoner is altogether untenable. Upon the supposition even, of its being war, and that I knew it, and still intended to make the observations expressed in my journal; upon this incorrect and worst supposition I have, I think be justified by the an example of your nation a similar conduct in your own nation, unless you can assure me that the captains Baudin and Hamelin made no similar such remarks upon Port Jackson; for it was a declared war at the time they lay in that port:- but were they forbidden to make such

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remarks and notes upon the state of that English colony? - upon its progress, its strength - the possibility of its being attacked with advantage, and the utility which it might afford to the French nation? I tell you captain-general De Caën, No. The governor in chief at Port Jackson knew the dignity of his own nation too well, either to lay any prohibition upon those commanders or to demand to see their journals what the journals might contain
I shall not make an appeal to your justice as being the representative of the head in this place of a great nation which has hitherto shown itself forward to protect and encourage those sciences by which the knowledge of mankind is extended or their condition ameliorated. Understand then Sir, that I was chosen by that great patron of the sciences Sir Joseph Banks Bart. President of the Royal Society of London, and one well known by all the cognoscenti literati throughout the world, to retrace part of the track of the immortal captain Cook, to complete what in New Holland and its neighbourhood he had left unfinished, and to perfect the discovery of that extensive country. This employment, Sir, as it was congenial to my own inclinations so I pursued it with avidity. Upon it, as from a convex lens, all the rays of knowledge and science which my opportunities have enabled me to collect, were thrown. I was unfortunate in that the my ship decayed before the voyage was completed, but the captain-general at Port Jackson who is also the senior naval officer there was so sensible of the importance of the voyage and the zeal with which I had prosecuted it for the truth of which I refer to you appeal to his letters now in your possession) that he gave me up a colonial ship of war to transport me with my officers, charts &c. &c. to England that I might obtain another

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obtain another ship in which my voyage might be completed. In the second ship, Sir, I was a passenger; and in her, shipwreck and the loss of some papers charts which had cost me much labour and many risks to make perfect, were with the life of part of added to my first misfortune; but my zeal suffered no abatement. I went to Port Jackson in my (700 miles) in an open boat, obtained a ship and got a merchant ship which was bound to China hired to carry my officers and people to England by that circuitous route; but desirous of losing no time that might could possibly be saved, I took a small vessel of 29 tons, a mere boat, in order to reach England by a nearer route and to thus gain two or three months of time in the outfit of my future expected ship; making my own case and safety to stand in no competition with the great object of forwarding my voyage. Necessity, and not my own inclination, obliged me to put into the Isle of France in my route.
Now, Sir, I would beg to ask you whether it becomes the representative of the French nation, even independent of all passport, to make me prisoner and thus stop the progress of such a voyage and of which the whole maritime world are to receive the benefit? How contrary to this was her conduct some years since towards captain Cook # I sought protection and assistance in your port, and I have found a prison. Judge for me as a man, Sir, - judge for me as a British officer employed in a neutral occupation, - judge for me as a zealous philanthropist I shall now leave what I feel must feel at being thus treated.- At present to I quit the subject to your pleasure. with the following requests +
With all the respect due from my situation to one in yours the captain general, I am
Your Excellencys obedient servant
Mattw. Flinders

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From My confinement - Dec 21st 1803
+ That I may be permitted to have my printed books on shore; and that my servant may be allowed to attend me on shore in my apartment.
# but the world highly applauded her conduct then! - and possibly we may sometime see what the general sentiment will be in the present instance.

Decr. 242th In the morning an officer come and requested to have Mr. Akens and my name; and at 12 o'clock my servant was brought on shore, and a receipt demanded and given for him by me; but no answer was brought to either of my letters yet, or did I receive any intelligence during this day that could lead me to any conjecture of our future destination.
Dec 253th This being Xmas day, I looked to see if any attention was paid to it, but the shops were open and the people at work as usual.
Having heard nothing from the general at one o'clock, I wrote the following To His Excellency the captain general
I beg you to know under what limitations I may be allowed to write a letter to the Admiralty of Great Britain; and also under what limitations I may be permitted to write to my family and friends in England?
I have also to request that a surgeon will be sent to me, having an inflamation at the time gathering on my leg
I am Your Excellencys obede obedient servant
Mattw. Flinders
From my confinement Dec. 253. 1803

About 4 oclock I received a note from No.1. from the

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one of the generals aids-de-camp and soon after a surgeon came to me.
Saturday Monday Dec 24 1803. The surgeon called upon me in the morning and Mons Bonnefoy the interpreter came with him. I found that the interpreter had not been with the captain general since my letter of the 23rd was written, and therefore could say nothing concerning any answer to be given to it.
I found that an embargo had been laid upon all foreign ships in this port, which had prevented two American vessels from sailing; and the business of this measure may have prevented an answer from being written to me. I heard nothing from the captain-general this day either to my letters or otherwise
Sunday Tuesday 275th:- The surgeon and interpreter called again upon me this morning; and hearing nothing in answer to my letters I wrote again to the captain-general. (See letter book Date Dec. 25 1803). In the evening I received the letter No. 2 which I understand to be in the generals hand writing.
Monday Wednesday 286th. The surgeon and the interpreter called on me early in the morning as usual, and the latter was good enough to give me an interpretation of the generals letter. - After breakfast I wrote the letter dated this day (in the letter book) and in the afternoon received the answer- No. 3
Thursday Tuesday 297th. About noon, the interpreter and the generals aid-de-camp, Monistrol, came to me bringing my trunk of books from on board the schooner, but they had forgotten the cask of books. I found from there it was not intended that I should go up to the generals for my books and papers this day, but they mentioned tomorrow. Mr Monistrol appeared very sorry that I had written to the general in the stile that I had done, and he said that even my last letter was not agreeable to him, especially the passage where it is said that my charts and books would furnish me with a better amusement than that of writing

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Thursday Tuesday Dec. 297. 1803 - continued
writing letters to his Excellency. As I have found this gentleman was in the generals confidence I opened my mind concerning the treatment I had met with from the first, adding that I demanded only justice, so I did not think an adulatory stile proper to be used: my rights had been invaded and I used the language of a man who so circumstanced. Had I favours to ask or if there were any circumstances that I wished to hide, I should have used probably used language more pleasing to the general; but I defied, nay wished, them to make the strictest scrutiny into my papers or any way that they might tend to detect my falsehood, if such there was. It was not the custom in England when justice only was the object in view to apply for it in the supplicating stile of a criminal, and although I was now to the east of the Cape of Good Hope, yet I retained too much of my native manners to treat address the captain-general as if he were an eastern monarch from whom I had favours to ask. The officers said little as little to did not disagree with my sentiments, but still seemed to think that another stile would have much better answered my purpose
Wednesday Dec. 30 28th. The interpreter and surgeon called upon me early as usual. The former has often expressed conviction of the propriety of my cause, and added professions of service, but as yet I have not found these professions have produced any action, except that of calling upon me every morning. I hope they are sincere, but they seemed to be forgotten when out of my apartments. but I heard nothing further from any of the generals officers during this day.
Thursday 29th. A palanquin was brought to the door to convey me to the generals house for the purpose of selecting the books, charts, and papers mentioned in my last letter to him, at 8 oclock; but from its dirty mean appearance I preferred walking notwithstanding my lameness. This lameness arises from

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arises from the same cause as that which afflicted me from February to July last, viz. scorbutic ulcers.
In selecting out my papers the generals officers gave me more credit for accuracy in reporting what were or were not my [indecipherable] papers and books than I wished. I was permitted to bring away all printed charts, and such manuscripts as related not to the Investigators voyage, and such rough and finished charts and books of that voyage as I wished desired, giving a receipt for the whole expressed in very general terms: my log book No. 3 being in the hands of the general, who was too busy to be disturbed, and my cask of books left on board the schooner still remained behind: of these last I heard nothing during the day.
Friday Dec. 30th. I found that the Hunter and Fanny American ships were permitted to sail. The daily visits of the interpreter I now find to be owing to the orders of the captain-general as well as those of the surgeon.
Saturday 31st. I find the Commander of the Hunter had been questioned by the governor concerning his visit to me, and had been forbid to take any letters from me should I make the request. The two ships were to sailed this day, and the interpreter took a Port Jackson Gazette containing an account of the Porpoises shipwreck to each, with a request from me to give them to any English ship homeward bound. It is remarkable that two American, one Dutch, one Swiss, and one Norwegian gentlemen should have called upon me, but not one Englishman although there are many here who are at liberty to walk about: This morning I sent my letter addressed to Sir Evan Nepean to the Major of the town as also two private letters, open. I cannot hear any tidings of my remaining log book or of my cask of books, owing I suspect to neglect in some of the officers. Having finished up the observations taken to find the rate of the time-keeper since we came on shore, I this day began to work earnestly upon the chart of the Gulph of Carpentaria, in order to finish up what was last and yet remains to be finished.

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1803 [should be 1804] Jan. 1st. Sunday. Received a note from C.F. D'Arsonval the town major acknowledging the receipt of the three letters, promising to forward them, and to inform me by what vessel they might be sent. This afternoon I found that the Hunter was still detained and it was said that all the trunks and papers of the commander were ordered on shore it being suspected that he had letters from me on board The interpreter did not call with the surgeon this morning, and I heard nothing concerning my log book and cask of books yet, or indeed concerning any thing than as above during the day
Monday 2. I again requested the interpreter to mention my books and the necessity I was in for them: He did not know why the Hunter was stopped, or that any trunks were ordered on shore from her.
Tuesday 3. The surgeon and interpreter called as usual. The latter made an excuse for not having got the books yesterday and promised to interest himself today. I find that the Hunter was permitted to sail yesterday.
I had suspected that the reason why several gentlemen had not called upon me, was that they would be marked as having communication with a suspected person; and this morning I find it to be really the case. The captain-general it seems does not forbid the centinel to admit people to see me, but by affixing a stigma and suspicion upon those that do, those whose good nature might induce them to call are as effectually deterred as by prohibition. I believe there are spies set about us, and I doubt whether a constant visitor is not one of them. I observe that no stranger calls twice, being probably warned of the dangerous consequences.
By being kept to confined and no person visiting me I have not been able to get any money for bills, and have am consequently distressed. The interpreter has been repeatedly told this, but so far from putting me into a way of getting it he will not talk upon the subject or of people who might negotiate bills upon England

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1804 Jan. Tuesday 3. continued. Nothing done concerning the books this day.
Wednesday 4. The surgeon had said some time since that so soon as I was able to walk out, it was very necessary for my health that I should do so; and this morning it appeared that he had spoken to the governor upon that head and had received a favourable answer, but as the interpreter did not call this morning, I could not exactly ascertain what it was. The scorbutic ulcers on my leg are now almost well.
I heard nothing further concerning my books this day or upon any other topic. So far as I can ascertain, the decision of the captain-general is still in suspence, although his most zealous admirer cannot but allow that he has had very sufficient time to make himself acquainted with all there is to learn, and to come to a decision
Thursday 5. The interpreter did not call this morning. I now wrote a short note of this date (see Letter book) to the captain-general, and about noon the interpreter called with information that an order had been given concerning my books remaining on board the schooner. The arrival of two American vessels and a hurt had prevented him from being regular in his calls
Friday 6. No answer received from the governor concerning my walking out. The surgeon seems to think this very necessary for the reestablishment of my health, and when it is considered how little I have been on shore since
August, and in what very small vessels I have been mostly in, with the scorbutic debilitated state in which I and all the Investigators crew arrived at Port Jackson in the June before, it is not to be wondered at.

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1804 Jan Friday 6. The interpreter promised to come this morning and to go on board the schooner with Mr Aken to get the cask of books, but he never did not come, or did I hear any thing of my log book. This day the centinels are much more strict than I have been observed them before; Scarcely permitting the master of the house or even the interpreter to visit me.- Saturday 7th. The interpreter called again as usual, and again promised to come after breakfast and get my cask of books. I find that the surgeon was told by the generals aid-de-camp that the general was not "disposed to accord" with the request made for me to walk out, and the surgeon seems to be too timid to make a direct application. In the afternoon the interpreter came and Mr Aken went with him on board the schooner and the cask of books was brought on shore.
Sunday 8th. The interpreter stayed to breakfast with us and on turning the conversation to our distress for want of money he politely to my surprise offered to attempt a negotiation. In three hours he returned. Finding a gentleman who would cash our bills at par he went to the governor to inform him of the circumstance, and finding it was considered to be a private circumstance in which the governor did not chuse to interfere, he came again and soon after brought their full value in doubloons. The gentleman who cashed our bills at par wher the American consul said that there must be a discount of 1/3rd upon them of their value, was the Chevalier Pilgrim the Imperial and Danish consul, and whom the generals well known indignation against me had only prevented from assisting us before. In the present transaction I find myself much indebted to the Chevalier and the Interpreter.
Monday 9. I find the surgeon persists in not making a direct aplication for me to walk out, being unwilling to

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"expose himself to a refusal"; my wish therefore to get a direct answer, yes or no, seems not likely to take place unless I make this application myself, and as yet I can scarcely bring myself to ask any thing like a personal favour. I did not see the interpreter this day. In the evening I sent enclosed to the Etat-Major General, a letter addressed to Sir Joseph Banks requesting that it might be forwarded with the three former.
Tuesday, Jan. 10. The interpreter called this morning and sat some time with me: his attention and professions of kindness still keep increasing. I have yet no tidings of my log book which is still said to be in the hands of the captain-general, or have I received any answer to my last letter.
Wednesday 11th. Through the medium of a benevolent old Swiss I have been offered a hundred pounds for my bills by two different people, and at par, that is 4% dollars for a pound sterling.
Thursday 12th. The interpreter did not call this morning or yesterday. I am informed from my people on board the guard ship that they can have as much leave to go on shore as they please, and from the circumstances, I am induced to think that our durance will not be of much longer continuation. In the evening, the interpreter called and I had a good deal of conversation with him.
Friday 13th. The surgeon and interpreter called in the morning, and on Saturday the same. I am now informed by the interpreter that so soon as the Dutch ships have sailed we are to have liberty to walk about, and perhaps to depart altogether; this he said he did not learn from the supreme himself but he had it from one of the saints.
Sunday 15th. Neither surgeon or interpreter called, my foot now being nearly well

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1804 January Mond. 16 Neither the surgeon or the interpreter called this day, owing probably to the rainy weather
Tuesday 17 This morning they visited me early. I again spoke pressingly to the interpreter concerning my logbook yet in the hands of the captain-general, who had neither answered my last letter by sending the book, giving any reason why I could not have it, or in any other way. The interpreter it seems had made several applications for it through the aids-de-camp, but he believed seemed to think it probable that they had not gone to the general, adding that there seemed to be an unwillingness in the gentlemen to make any application concerning me. In conclusion, he promised to make a personal application for it, if I would desist from writing to the general again until the evening. He had recommended me to write a note to the aid-de-camp upon the subject, but this was incompatible with my plan of conduct. I heard nothing from the interpreter in the afternoon
Wednesday 18th. About noon the interpreter brought me word that an application had been made to the governor for my log, by the aid-de-camp, Monistrol, and the answer given was that I "could not have it yet". He said that the necessity I was under for it to continue my charts was represented in the application. The interpreter gave me hopes of the early sailing of the Dutch ships, upon whose departure, according to him, our liberty depends.
Thursday 2019. and Friday 20th. I saw nothing of the interpreter or surgeon.
Saturday 22nd. [should be 21st.] About noon the interpreter called upon me, but his report of the Dutch ships did not raise my expectations of being quickly at liberty.

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1803 [should be 1804] Sat Jan 21st continued. From evasions which I had noticed in the interpreters conversation, and from learning that Americans and others avoid either conversing at all with my servant when he went out, or else would not give any answers respecting the Dutch sailing of the Dutch ships their destination, - whether the British had a fleet in these seas &c. &c. I suspecting that some order of the captain-general existed upon this subject; and by a direct question put to the interpreter this day I found it was the case, but he wished it to be understood that his situation and character had made it unnecessary for him to be cautioned upon this head.
Sunday 23rd. [should be 22nd] The surgeon did not call this day, believing there was no necessity, I suppose, my foot indeed is now very nearly well. Mr. Aken was taken ill this evening, with head ach, lassitude &c. arising, apparently from an inter a want of perspiration and costiveness, and these again very probably from a long continued want of exercise.
Monday 23. Seeing nothing of the surgeon or interpreter again today, I sent to him in the (the latter) in the afternoon and in the evening he came accompanied by the surgeon. The interpreter had been dining at the house of the Danish consul - the Chevalier Pilgrims, with the Dutch admiral and one of the captains, and he now told me that the Dutch ships were to sail on Friday next and that the sailing of all ships was prohibited until they were gone; he also strengthening my hope of liberty at that time, and to my surprise told me that his dinner party had done me the honour to drink my health.
Tuesday 254. Wednesday 265. The surgeon called twice in each of these days and the interpreter once; and Mr. Aken was now better. I am informed that the Dutch ships are dropping into the lower part of the harbour.
Thursday, and Friday 27. The surgeon and interpreter called occa

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sionally during these two days, but nothing particular occurred. I find that our month's expenses here will com amount to 206 dollars.
Saturday Decr. [should be Jan.] 28th We were attended by the surgeon and interpreter this day as usual. My foot has now again got so bad as almost to prevent me from walking.
Sunday 29th. It seems that the Dutch ships sailed yesterday and the Spanish frigate this morning. In the evening the interpreter called to inform me that the captain-general had ordered the schooner to be got up into the Dock, her different stores to be taken out and the commissaries to take charge of them, and he asked whether I wished Mr. Aken to be present and that he would call early tomorrow morning for him. Thus the sailing of the Dutch ships seems indeed to have produced an alteration in our situation, but appearances bespeak that it is for the worse; however, I can learn nothing from the interpreter, everything is wrapped up in a most Bastile-like silence and mystery. I had observed that our sentry was much more strict than usual.
I sent my servant today on board the guard ship to see my seamen fo confined there. It appears that Francis Smith a Prussian (formerly a convict) who was at the hospital has gone away in the Spanish frigate, and that two officers from that ship endeavoured also to persuade John Wood and Henry Lewis to go with them.
Monday 30. The interpreter called early, and Mr. Aken went with him to be present at the removal of the Cumberlands stores, and the taking of the inventory.
Tuesday 31st. The removal of the stores not being completed Mr. Aken was taken again this morning. Several things were found to be in a very bad state, the vessel being covered with blue mold within side.
Wednesday Feb 1st. The surgeon called to dress my foot this morning which he

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which he does now every two days, but though the interpreter promised to come and I had reason to expect some information of my fate, he did not appear either then or in the evening.
Even my chart-making &c. into which I have immersed myself as much as possible, cannot prevent me from seriously reflecting upon the har injustice, the haughtiness, and Bastile-like mystery with which I am treated. I am kept from my voyage of discovery, from my country, from my family, and probably from promotion; and all this without being accused of a crime, and in direct opposition to the passport which had been obtained for me. This is indeed some return for the hospitality and assistance which the French ships Geographe and Naturaliste but now received at Port Jackson. The order that was given first concerning me was not final, the letters I have since received also bespeak that the captain general has come to no decision concerning me - thus I am kept in a most tormenting suspence still, although near seven weeks have nearly elapsed since I was made a prisoner. No person but the interpreter and surgeon are suffered to come near me, and these are almost as intelligent as statues upon whatever that which I am most desirous to know. The former did indeed tell me, from authority some time since that the time of the sailing of the Dutch ships will bring liberty to me of walking about and perhaps to depart, but late transactions shew this either to have been said either to torment my feelings, or that some new and darker determation has been taken.
Thursday Feb. 2 1804. Not seeing or hearing anything from the interpreter this day more than yesterday, I sent in the evening to know when I might expect to see him, and he promised to call tomorrow morning.
Friday - 3rd. The surgeon visited me this morning as usual, and soon after the interpreter came with the inventory

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1804 Thur Friday 3. continued
which he requested Mr. Aken to sign, but as he knew but little of it and did not go for that purpose, it was objected to.
Appearances wearing an aspect so much worse than I had been taught to expect after the departure of the Dutch ships, I suspected that some false reports had been made concerning me, therefore this morning I put the question to the interpreter quot;Had he made any report concerning me to the captain-general or the aids-de-camp that could have caused this alterationquot;. His reply was, upon his honour he had noth; he had neither spoken anything against or for me. I then requested to know exactly the authority he had for telling that delusive story, which he told me explained; but expre as it was not by the generals desire, he wished it not to be made public use of.
I immediately wrote a note to the general requesting an audience (See letter book: this date) but during the whole day received no answer, verbal or otherwise.
Saturday 4th. The interpreter visited me this morning concerning some money which I had requested of him to procure for my bills, but hes had heard nothing from the captain general relating to my note, or did I receive any letter or message during the day.
Sunday 5th. The surgeon and interpreter visited me this morning, but nothing has transpired concerning me or my note. This day I drew bills for personal pay up to Oct.30. 1803.
Monday 6th. The interpreter paid me a short visit, and again on Tuesday, 7th in the morning, when he sat some time waiting for the surgeon who did not come.
Wednesday 8th. The interpreter visited me this morning as did the surgeon. I requested the former to deliver or send a message by one of the captain-generals aids-de-camp, that "I requested the honour of an audience of His Excellencyquot;. At noon

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the interpreter called with an answer to my message, which was No. He added that in after conversation, the captain general said, "Captain "Flinders "might have known that I did not wish to see him by not giving an answer to "his note some days since. It is needless for me to see him, for the "conversation will probably be such as to oblige me to send him to the tower." The interpreter also informed me that a regulation had been made some time since for our subsistence which was to be fixed at a stipulated sum, but that he did not yet know the exact nature of it. In the evening he informed me that the sum allowed me was 60 dollars per month and 20 for my servant, and to Mr. Aken 40 dollars. In conversation, some odd opinions were started relative to the real cause of my confinement; but if I thought the captain-general interested for the honour of his country in matters of discovery, I should think that he kept me here th to give time for captain Baudin's voyage to be published before mine, and as no probable reason has yet been given for my detainer it may possibly be so.
Thursday 9th. I did not see any person this day
Friday 10th. Mons. Bergeret a captain admiral in the French navy and formerly commander of the Virginie frigate when she was taken in the last war, did me the honour this morning of a visit. He sat some time and conversed upon my situation which he seemed desirous to ameliorate, and was kind enough to point out to me the most probable mode of bringing this about. He assured me that I was not considered to be a prisoner of war, and I was much gratified to hear him say that my confinement did not arise from any action of mine; but from what it did arise I did not learn and could not ask. He offered to supply my want of money if any existed.
In the afternoon the interpreter called to excuse himself for not calling sooner. The master of this hotel agreed today to supp furnish Mr. Aken, my servant and myself nearly in the way that we had hitherto been for 116 dollars per month of 30 days, the difference between this and our allowed subsistence money being a deduction of 3 per cent made by the government here for the support of invalids

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Saturday Feb. 1 1804. This day I saw nobody, but nearly completed my chart of Torres Strait; which has occupied my attention principally since completing the Gulph of Carpentaria and correcting the chart of D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. The agitation of my mind, arising from the treatment I have received in this port and being totally ignorant of the causes or consequences, has sometimes prevented me, even for days, from applying seriously to work. I must endeavour to do better, for I have yet much to write and some charts to construct. My log book is yet with the captain-general.
12th. This morning I sent the a letter (see letter book of this date) to the captain-general, but no answer was returned to it. The interpreter having taken my bills this morning, suspicion of something being wrong was excited in the sentinel, and the interpreter had some trouble about the matter. In all points the guard set over us seems to be more strict than some time since.
Monday13, The interpreter brought me today 264 dollars for my bills, being at the rate of 4 per pound sterling and less than what was received before although it came from the same kind hand - Mr. Pilgrim. No answer was yet given to my letter, and indeed considering the whole of my treatment, I could scarcely expect any.
Tuesday 14. This day my servant met with a man who had come from Port Jackson in the Geographe. According to him the Geographe, after leaving Kings I. stopped next at Kangaroo Island 13 days, from whence she went round to Cape Arnhem, seeing land only occasionally and without stopping or exploring anywhere. At Cape Arnhem, they were becalmed 19 days, and not being able to get near the shore for the shallowness of the water, they retur bore away for Timor where they arrived a few days after the Investigator had sailed. They saw a Malay prao, but did not get any letter from me or have much communication with them.

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From Timor they attempted to return back to the gulph, but being met by fresh easterly winds did not get further than an island near Cape Van Diemen where they anchored [this word is represented by a drawing of an anchor] and saw natives. From hence they returned to this Isle of France
Wednesday 15. Thursday 16. Friday 17th. Neither these three days or the preceding one did I see the interpreter or any one else. I have received no answer or the least notice from the captain-general. I am yet a stranger to the cause of my confinement, and to the length of time it is to remain continue. It is indeed a most cruel suspence in which I am kept. I know not whether death is not almost preferable to it, when accompanied with such contemptuous treatment as is bestowed upon me. Even in the dusk of the evening when I could see nothing, I am not allowed to stretch my legs with a walk, or to speak to any one except the interpreter, who has lately favoured me with very little of his company. These things with the reflection that I am kept from my country, from my family, from the employment where I expect to reap honour prey sorely on my mind: well it is for me that I have books and charts and employment. It is useless to prove my innocence, for no crime is alleged against me. It is useless to write, for no answer or other notice is returned. It is useless to ask for an audience, for it is denied. What so much What it will end in, God knows, the arm of oppression being once stretched out there is no knowing to what length it will go
Tuesday 21st. The interpreter visited me this evening. The captain-general I find has been unwell these two days.
Wednesday 22. I saw nobody: but on Thursday 23rd the surgeon and the interpreter visited me early in the morning.
Friday 24. I saw nobody. Saturday 25 The interpreter visited me, and again with the surgeon on Sunday 26 A.M.

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1804 Feb. Sunday 26. My employment lately has been to complete the accounts of the time-keepers and write up the log book intended for the Admiralty. Mr. Aken employs himself in making a copy of my bearing book for the Admiralty and my servant is busy making me a copy of the log in lieu of that spoiled at the shipwreck of the Porpoise; so that our time passes not in vain. The captain-general still retains my log book No.3 which is a great impediment to me, and I have not only occasion for it but also for other books, charts and papers from which to go on completing the accounts of our discoveries and observations.
The interpreter has been very attentive within these few days having brought me a late Steeles list which he purposely procured from an officer in the extra Indiaman Admiral Aplin, brought in yesterday as a prize.
Monday 27. This morning I wrote a letter to the captain-general for more books and papers (see letter book of this date) but received no answer to it either written or verbal for these and the two following days; or have I writt yet been able to learn that my letter to Sir Joseph Banks of Feb. 23 (a duplicate of Jan. 5) has been forwarded.
Wednesday 29. I ventured to send my servant to inquire concerning the officers and their ladies who were passengers in the Admiral Aplin; who he found no impediment in communicating with them, and I was gratified with the perusal of magazines and news papers up to the middle of August last
March Thursday 30 lst. I had seen nobody since the 26th. but this morning the surgeon and the interpreter called upon me, my foot being not yet well. I requested the interpreter to ask the captain-general whether I was to be permitted the books and papers which I had written for, or to get one of his aids-de-camp to ask the question; he returned soon after saying that so soon as the captain-general was a little cleared of his present business, he would attend to this and give me an answer; in the meantime the interpreter informed me that my letter was sent to England,

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he having had a personal conference with His Excellency. I consider this message to bespeak more attention to me, than anything from that quarter since I was unfortunate enough to come to this land; and yet it would be thought a slighting one, was everything reduced to its proper standard; so much are we obliged to judge of qualities by comparison.
Friday 2nd March and Saturday 3rd. Neither interpreter or surgeon visited me. Sunday 4th. The interpreter visited me this morning. From what I could collect during a desultory conversation, it seems to be thought that we will be detained during the war; but on the other hand there seems to be some hopes that we shall be sent into the country and have the permission to walk about within limits
My foot is now well, and my health better than for some time past.
Monday 5. The interpreter brought me today 191/2 dollars being the residue of the sum for my six months bills, reckoning 41/2 dollars to an English guinea, from Mr Pilgrim
Wednesday Tuesday 6. I saw no person. Thursday Wednesday 7. The surgeon called this morning. About noon the interpreter called with Mr. Bergerette, a gentleman from whose good offices the ladies and some officers in the admiral Aplin have procured many indulgences. He seems to interest himself also about me, particularly with the view of getting me removed into the country where I might be permitted to walk about. He tells me that it is from political reasons that I am detained, but does not seem to be at liberty to explain himself further. I could not help complaining much to him of my treatment, which in some cases was worse than prisoners of war are treated. I found that on account of the prisoners he had lately had many favours to ask of the great man but it is not the way I find to ask a thing directly; dedication, preface, and introduction are all necessary with the governor of the Isle of France; so universal is arbitrary powers a l'est du Cap de Bon Esperance: no wonder that my blunt straight-forward applications do not obtain any reply, not even the monosyllable - no; which of itself would be so satisfactory as to remove the pain of suspence.

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This friendly man informed me that he believed nothing that I could write or say or do or promise would obtain my release. He said that the captain-general did not look upon me with contempt, but he could give no answer to my question. Why then does he not give some answer to my letters".
Hitherto I have been treated as a spy, and as if the captain-general was determined to persevere in mortifying me down into the humility which he seems to exact from all that approach him. With respect to science, he is another Brennus; and his rule of might seems to be only guided by strength.
Thursday March 8. The interpreter was kind enough to visit me again today, and seems to increase in his attention
Friday 9. Saturday 10, Sunday 11. I saw no interpreter or heard any thing relative to my books, going into the country, or other thing relating to my situation.
Monday March 12th. At noon the interpreter visited me. I requested him to make application in my name to the captain-general for permission to sell the Cumberland with her stores. I considered that it was now too late to go round the Cape of Good Hope in her, and that although I should be set at liberty soon, yet before the time would arrive proper for that navigation in so small a vessel, the stores would be mostly decayed and the schooner require much repair. I therefore thought it best for the interest of the English government that she should be now sold; and this whether the proceeds were lodged with me or deposited for a future judgement and appropriation; and it would be even almost as well should the captain-general apply it to his own purposes. At the same time I requested Mr Bonnefoy to say that I did not write upon the subject because I had no reason to expect any answer, but that if His Excellency wished it I would do it gladly.
I informed the interpreter of the sentinel having prevented me from walking in the billiard room last night, and of his improper mode of beckoning to me in a familiar way; and also of his making objections to my washing myself in a cistern in the yard;- and he promised to interest himself in preventing these things in future

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1804 March Tuesday 13. Wednesday 14. Thursday 15. During these three days the interpreter did not call upon me.- I have just now finished the Gulp of Carpentaria from Charts No. 1 - 2 - and 3 of the north coast which are now also finished so far as the Investigators examination goes, and I have copied No. 1 and 3 into a general chart of the gulph being what I have finished here, but No. 2 is in the hands of the governor who has not yet deigned to give any answer to my application for more books and papers. I have written here a paper concerning the differences of the variation of the compasses on board the Investigator when the ships head was in different directions; and a paper explaining the combined chart of Torres' Strait which I have constructed upon a scale of 6 inches to a degree of longitude
Friday 16. I saw no person. Saturday 17. The interpreter informed me that he had seen the captain-general who had told him that M. Bergerette had made known my wish to go into the country, and he said, "tell Captain Flinders to have a little patience. I shall before long come to some determination upon his fate". Being spoken to about the sale of the schooner he said "a little patience, it is time enough yet" and he gave me the same answer when my books were mentioned. I should suppose that coming to a determination upon my fate may implies implies one to the extent of setting me at liberty on one side or putting me to death on the other; but the interpreter thinks it related to sending Mr Aken and myself, or not sending us to the country.- Sunday 18th. Saw no one
Monday 19th. The interpreter visited me. I learn that the Geographe was at the cape when a ship which is just arrived here, left that place, and that she was not to sail for a fortnight. Tuesday 20th. The interpreter called for a list of my people on board the Caserne de Mer. I requested him to make known, that if I was not permitted to go into the country I might be sent to the garden prison where other officers, prisoners of war, are kept; here I should have a large garden to walk in and some society, from both which I am debarred in this place. Wednesday 21st. Thursday into the country to the district of Flacque, and to be furnished with two suits of clothing. He gave me hopes also of being sent to the country where I shall be able to walk about and perhaps have some society

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1804 March Friday 23. The interpreter called today and wrote a note for me to the Chef d'Etat-Major for Mr Charrington to be allowed to speak to me, which was complied with. My people were brought on shore in the afternoon with the other prisoners from the prison ship and Mr Charrington was brought up to me. I desired that none of them should attempt to get away - that he should keep them clean and regular in their conduct as well as he could, and write to me if any thing in particular occurred to any of them.
Sat. 24. Sunday 25th. Mr Bonnefoy visited me this morning, but nothing particular occurred.
Monday 26 I finished a letter and sent it. Tuesday 27th. The interpreter called today, and also on Wednesday 28th. when he informed me that no place being yet found for us in the country we were in the mean time to be removed to the garden prison.. Mr Bergerette who had settled this business called himself, but was stopped by the sentinel. I do not however learn to any certainty, that permission is really given for us to go into the country at all, nor indeed from the delays that have taken place do I much expect it; but am glad to get to the same place and have the same indulgencies (if they may be called by that name) that the officers have who are prisoners of war.
My health has been remarkably good for these few weeks past, and being now tolerable certain that I am to expect no release for some months at least, I have kept closely at work upon my charts and other papers relating to the Investigators voyage. I suffer much inconvenience for want of the papers &c. which I applied to the captain general for some weeks back, but concerning which no positive answer has been returned.- Mr Aken has been ill for some days past. Thursday 29th. The interpreter informed me of some difficulty arising from form that yet delayed our removal, and said that is was necessary for me to make a written application to the general.
Friday 30th. Mr Monistrol one of the generals aids-de-camp came to me to inquire whether it was agreeable to me to be removed to the garden prison. I confirmed the application which had been made, but expressed my desire to go into the country, but if this could not be done

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then I wished to go to the garden prison. I requested him to speak to the general concerning my books and papers which he promised to do tomorrow morning. He said that tomorrow morning we should be removed, and I promised to be ready. The interpreter called today upon me three times, but could tell me no more concerning our removal that what I knew before
Saturday March 31st. Mr Monistrol and an officer from the Etat-Major came at 7 oclock and in the morning took me up to the large house and for the purpose of chusing two rooms. This was a very unpleasant thing to me since they were all occupied. I was however obliged to make some choice, and on coming away was promised to have a third room for my servant, which together took up one end of one story of the house. The situation of the house is very airy and agreeable, but the garden so overrun with long grass, as not to admit of walking except in the dirty crooked paths. In the evening carts were sent to transport our trunks &c. and at 5 a soldier was sent up with us and we took possession of a large room and a chamber, a third not being yet cleared which had been ordered for my servant. We found people cutting down the long grass, which had overrun the garden, a work which had been begun yesterday.
Sunday April 1st. The interpreter came to visit us for the purpose of learning our wants and providing for them. By him I sent a message to Col. Monistrol relating to my books and papers.
Monday 2 and Tuesday 3 The interpreter did not come as expected, which probably arises from the French admiral - the Marengo with a frigate and sloop having come in (without our China fleet) and bringing some English prisoners for whom he will have to provide. - Prisoners now in this House are
Major Shepherd }
Robinson } Stopped at the commencement of the war
Capt Matthews }
Loan } Taken from the ship Admiral Aplin
Dansy }
Mr McGraw } Admiral Aplin
Messrs Doale }
Seymour} Midshipmen of the Dedaigneuse taken in a prize

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Wednesday April 4th. In consequence of the interpreters application I received today some mess utensils from the store, which had belonged to the Cumberland; and he promised to forward the providing of one or more tables and the mending of the windows of our apartments. - Thursday 5th Nothing particular occurred today.
Friday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday 8. I receive no account of my books and papers yet from Mr Monistrol or have we received any tables, but the windows are now mended . The interpreter has not been here since Tuesday.
Monday April 9. By the chief mate of the Superb - country ship, brought in a prize yesterday, I learn that the Bridgewater had arrived at Bombay in January last. A narrative of the total loss of the Porpoise and Cato and of all on board had been published in the Bombay papers, as I had expected it would. This is a severe sting to us, since our friends will necessarily conclude us to be lost, and adds to my regret and indignation at being thus detained here against all the principles of justice and common humanity.
Tuesday 10. Captain Bergerette called at the house. I had thought it probable that admiral Linois would have so much regard to the faith of his nation as to endeavour for my release or for to be sent to France; and hearing that he was going to take the Marengo (a 780 gun ship) home I hoped he might take me with him. Captain B. however gives me little encouragement to write to him or to expect any liberation from that channel.
Wednesday 11. Major S. and who with Mr R. who were made prisoners here at the commencement of the war,- who had been put into the tower for applying to go to the Cape of Good Hope, and have been since in this house, have received permission to go into the country, in consequence of a representation of the principal surgeon or physician of the settlement.
Thursday 12. Friday 13. Saturday 14. Nothing particular occurred these three days - Sunday 165 Mr. Bonnefoy the interpreter visited me today. I took this opportunity of settling with with the master of the hotel who had hitherto supplied us with food, four months. He made the time finish a day too soon, and charged 12 dollars extra more than he ought to have done. I paid it in order avoid confusion and trouble. We now provid hired a cook and provided ourselves with necessaries from the allowance given by the French government. The interpreter had spoken to the captain-general

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concerning my books and papers, but was put off with the answer "Oh aye, - its time enough, I shall see about that". Neither positively denying or yet acceding to my request.
I now wrote a letter to Rear-admiral Linois (see letter book of this date) and sent it on board by a soldier, with the hope his interference might produce some good effect.
Monday 176. The interpreter pro sent me a general permission for my servant to go in and out. - At noon, a naval officer brought me the letter No. in answer to mine of yesterday; to which I immediately wrote a note of thanks - (see letter book of this date)
Tuesday 187 Wednesday 198. Nothing occurred worth noting
Thursday 2019 in the evening, the French commander of the corvette Berceau, captain Halgan did me the honour of a visit, being desirous to see me, having, as he said, heard of me in England and more particularly from the officers of the Geographe and the Naturaliste. I shewed him some charts and had much conversation with him. He appeared to be interested in my situation and promised to relate what was necessary for to admiral Linois for his information.
Thursday Friday 20. Captain Bergerette sent me word that he should call on the next morning, I did not see him at that time or the captain Halgan who had also said he should visit me
Sunday 232. and Monday 243. I saw no person these two days except the interpreter, who came in the afternoon of the latter day to pay the allowance to the prisoners of war, and to Mr Aken, my servant and myself, amongst others. He paid us 109 dollars, 4 being deducted for the support of the invalids here on the islands, and 7 for house rent. It is to be observed that no charge is made to the other prisoners on this account, all of whom are now in it as when I came, and two others in addition. It is, I believe, one of the first instances of a prisoner paying for the accomodation of a prison; being a piece of policy well worthy of the man who made the regulation. (I have not so contemptible an idea of the captain general as to think the order originated with him, but of course it is permitted by him)
Monday 24 Tuesday 24, Wednesday 25, Thursday 26, Friday 27,Saturday 28, Sunday 29. During these days I saw no person, or heard any thing from admiral Linois.

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1804 April - Monday 30. This morning I wrote a private letter to the rear-admiral Linois (see private letter book of this date) fearing that he had forgot me, and observing that his ship was bending sails.
Tuesday May 1, Wednesday 2. This evening the interpreter visited me. His opinion almost dashes every hope of my getting away in the Marengo, and indeed almost of being liberated so long as the war shall last. I am not called a prisoner of war or of anything, but detained by government, so that an exchange of prisoners will not be likely to extend to me; a miserable prospect this, more especially since the general will not let me have any more of the Investigators books or charts to finish up those accounts of the voyage. He still says it is time enough for that. It appears he is determined to humble me into the dust. He will not permit me to have employment that I may have sufficient time to reflect upon the misery of my situation, and that my mind having no other employment may prey upon him itself. Mr Aken and myself hired a master to teach us the French language but the general forbid him to come, yet he permits other gentlemen, prisoners in this house to have a fencing master.
Thursday 3. Friday 4th. In the evening I had a visit from the interpreter and also from captain Bergeret. Saturday 5th. The latter gentleman visited me in the morning with the informtion that admiral Linois had made application to the captain-general De Caën for me to be sent to France in the Marengo, and that the general returned for answer, that he could not comply with that request since my case had been represented to the government at home. Concerning my log book and other books and papers I can get no further information than that the captain-general says it is time enough yet for me to have them, and that at this time he is too busy to be spoken to upon any such subject.
Sat. 5. Sund. 6. Mond. 7. Tuesday 8. Nothing particular occurred these three days but Mr. Aken and I received 232 dollars from captain Bergeret for a bill of 57.7.6 being at the same rate as Mr. Pilgrim had formerly supplied me; though it was inconvenient for him the latter gentleman to supply me at present.
Wednesday 9. Three prisoners were added to our former number from the extra-homeward-bound, Indiaman - Althea, and on Saturday Friday 11 Two others were brought; but the commander was permitted to remain in the town, though we are told he is not allowed to go out of the house. Major Shepherd one of our inmates had gone to reside at Pamplemoose in consequence of a sick certificate. (Wed. 9 a letter was sent)
Sat. 12, Sunday 13. Monday 14. Tuesday 15 This day captain Halgan called at the gate to speak to me, but did not give me any message from the admiral though he seemed to think I might still have some hopes. This, however, I attri

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-attribute to his good nature only, and therefore hope nothing. Blessed is he that expects nothing, for he shall not be disappointed.
Wednesday 16, Thursday 17. Four other prisoners where joined to our number from the privateer La Psyché but on the morning of Friday 198 six were marched out to Flacq with four sailors who had escaped from there.
My time is now employed as follows. Before breakfast my time is devoted to the latin language, to bring up what I formerly learned. After breakfast I am employed making out a fair copy of the Investigators log fro in lieu of my own which was spoiled at the shipwreck. When tired of writing, I apply to music, and when my fingers are tired with the flute, I write again until dinner. After dinner we amuse ourselves with billiards until tea, and afterwards walk in the garden till dusk. From thence till supper I make one to play at Pleyels quartettes; afterwards walk half an hour and then sleep soundly till daylight when I get up and bathe. Thus although the captain general keeps the log book I want, and will not allow me my charts and papers to finish up my accounts of the Investigators voyage, which of all things I am most anxious to do, yet my time does not pass wearily or uselessly over.
Saturday 2019, Sunday 210. This morning captain Halgan called upon me, and said that he had made application to the general De Caën for me to go to France in his vessel, but that, as I expected, it had been refused. He very kindly offered to take some letters for me and I sent three, one of them being to captain Melius of the Geographe. He also pressed me to know if I wanted me money and indeed appeared to be much concerned for me.
Monday 221, Tuesday 232, Wednesday 243, Thursday 254, Friday 265. This day the interpreter paid the allowance to the prisoners for a month in advance applied to him respecting Mr. Charrington having an allowance. To Mr. Aken, my servant and me he gave 101 dollars, being 8 short of the last month, a deduction being made of 4 to Mr. Aken for house rent; and the last month not being charged, it is deducted from this. - Besides our regular number in this house, there are now six others, four being lately brought in by the privateer La Psyché
Saturday 276, Sunday 287, Monday 298. This day a table was brought me, and the first of the three which I was promised on coming into this house on the 31 March, two months back. Tuesday 3029. Another prisoner was brought into the house from one of La Fortunes prizes. Wednesday 30. Thursday 31. -
June 1st. Another prisoner was added to the number in the house. This morning Captain Neville, the officer in charge of this guard and the prisoners, came and demanded the spy-glasses from the prisoners,+ and at first ordered the door of the archimas to be shut up but respited it till a further order. The captain-general had also found

+He requested each gentleman to put his name upon his glass, and promised that they should be returned when the [indecipherable] were at liberty.

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fault he said, that the prisoners had gone with to walk before the gate of the garden without side; it was therefore also strictly ordered that no one should step without side. We have lost a cool place for walking in the evening on the top of the house, and the convenience of buying poultry and other provisions at the gate will most likely be prevented. In the evening another prisoner was brought to the house
Saturday June 2 The sergeant made a demand in the name of Captain Neville today from the prisoners of their swords and all other arms in their possession of the prisoners, and of mine amongst the rest. But as I did not think this a proper mode for me to deliver up my sword, which had never before been demanded, I wrote the short letter of this date to the captain-general, and the sergeant took it to his commanding officer.
Sunday June 3. Monday 4. This being the anniversary of our sovereigns birth, the French remembered it by hoisting their colours over the British ensign turned union downwards, on board the admirals ship the Marengo. This is the method taken to shew their courage, by a ship which but lately ran from our fleet of richly laden Indiamen without convoy. Gasconade is undoubtedly mark of pusillanimity. The brave are modest in conversation, they fight not with words. A brave man will not insult, even an enemy, in distress, but these valiant Gauls have great triumph in insulting the few prisoners they have got here. Such an action as hoisting their colours in this manner would be only deserving of contempt, were it not from the reflection that such things tend to keep alive national animosity, and the flames of war. - In the evening two naval officers visited me, one of whom was a Monsieur Canôt ['Quinot' has been inserted here], an astronomical gentleman whom I had been told some time before that I might expect to see. We had much conversation upon the subject of astronomy and other topics allied to it.
The officers expressed sorrow to see that I was kept confined, and Mr. Canôt said he would make application to the general for my books and papers. The other officer was kind enough to offer me money should I be in want of it.
Tuesday 5. As yet I have heard nothing more respecting the demand of my arms.
Wednesday 6. Early in the morning I was surprised to find that two men had come in from Flacq in order to make a complaint of the very short allowance of provisions given to them. Besides bread they had only 6 ounces of meat per day, without salt or vegetable. This afforded them a very poor dinner, but it was the only meal they had. I sent my servant with them into the town to the interpreter, immediately, that they might be taken to the town-majors office to prefer their complaint: For I feared they would be found to have left the place of their confinement and would be taken up and punished. It appeared afterwards that by a letter from the commandant at Flacq that these men with two others has escaped from confinement where they had been

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put for some insolent words.
This afternoon the sergeant brought me a message from Mr. Neville, that the demanding of my sword had been a mistake, and that he should call in the evening to explain it. This was more than I expected, for I had prepared my mind to the loss of my sword and arms. Upon a label which was attached to the sword with my name upon it, I had written the following apostrophe
Farewell, thou faithful companion! Thou guardian of my honour, Farewell!
I have borne thee many a day, and but lately saved thee from the ravages
Of a shipwreck: But now, forced from me by those who, if justice or faith or
humanity have existence, ought to have been my friend. - I bid thee adieu!
Ah, it is the walls of a prison that echo back my last farewell. The reefs of
coral when violently dashed by the wind-torn ocean were more merciful
than they.
Thursday, June 7. This morning captain Neville paid me a visit to say, "that it was altogether a mistake in the sergeant that my arms were demanded and that he was sorry that it had taken place. The captain-general had said, that "if it had been his intention to have demanded my sword it would have been by an officer of equal rank with myself; but it is not his intention to make me a prisoner until he shall receive orders from France to that effect"; so that I am relieved from the unpleasantness of losing my arms. It was the intention only, Captain Neville said, to take the arms of the merchant officers; and that if any others had been desired, I should have come himself.
In this apology, I learn that a man who has been closely confined six months, or any length of time, is not a prisoner, unless his arms are taken from him. This may serve as an instance to shew what liberty is in the idea of a French commander.
Friday 8. Saturday 9. On reconsidering the expression of Mr. Neville, that I was not a prisoner, I saw a possibility that I might be told hereafter that I had not been kept a prisoner in this house, but that it was supposed that I had staid here for my own convenience, for it is certain I have never been stopped from going out, by the guard, for I never tried them by attempting to go out. I accordingly enquired of sergeant, and it appeared, that he had a general order to keep every person within the grounds who were sent here, but he had no order that mentioned me in particular. I therefore desired him to ask captain Neville, whether, if I attempted to go out, I should be prevented - for that, he had told me I was not a prisoner.
This day we received information that captain Hawkins and Mr. Bletterman with their wives were permitted to go away to India, and also Messrs Wright, Moody, and McCrae: and that an exchange of prisoners would be proposed to the governor-general in India.

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June Sunday 10. The interpreter called this morning and brought me 141/2 dollars being the last months allowance for Mr. Charrington at Flacq, my application on his account being complied with, but had come after the others had been paid that month in advance
It appeared that the two men who had come in from Flacq had been put into confinement and had made their escape. By their coming to me, however, it seems plain that they had no intention of trying to escape. I learn that they were taken on board the Cazerne de mer and put into irons, and they still remain so this day. Wednesday, June 20 - Indeed on considering the plan of imprisonment on this island it appears as if it was intended to punish the prisoners of war and not merely to keep them in safety.
Monday 18. All the officers of merchant ships resident in this house to the number of eight set out with a guard early for Flacq, to be joined to those there of the same description there. Except one gentleman who came here out of the hospital this morning, our numbers out now reduced to the list before mentioned but Major Shepherd now resides at Pamplemouse on account of his health, and Mr. McCrae is gone by permission to India: At the time that he went Capt. and Mrs. Hawkins also were permitted to go as well, as Mr. Sheene commander of a merchant ship, not mentioned before
Sunday 24th. This morning the interpreter called to pay the months advance for subsistence to the different gentlemen in this house. He paid to us 105 dollars for Mr. Aken, my servant and myself.
For some time past my health has been very indifferent, owing I believe to my stomach being overcharged with bile. A want of exercise is thought by Mr. Robinson to be the cause of this, and especially of horse exercise; and no doubt a little variety of life is necessary to keep the animals spirits in motion. We suffer a loss in our bathing pond being dried up -
Monday 25. I wrote a note to my friend captain Bergeret expressing my desire to go out to Pamplemouse or some place in the country, and asking his advice how to proceed.
Wednesday 27. A repetition of the general orders concerning the prisoners in this Maison Depaux was given out this afternoon, but the time of being shut up in the house was altered from eight to six o'clock in the evening. On this, an application was made for permission to walk upon the terrace before the door as usual in the evening; and in the morning captain Neville informed the prisoners that it was not intended to put this order into strict execution, but that so long as the established general rules of not going without the garden were complied with and no complaints made, that we might walk as before at any time
I now made myself acquainted, that I was so far considered in a different

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June Thursday 28 continued -
-ferent light to the other prisoners, I was not expected to guarantee their behaviour or to suffer for their follies.
Captain Bergeret did me the honour of a visit this morning and undertook to make the application for my books and papers and for Mr. Aken and me to be removed to Pamplemoose. He breakfasted with me. From this gentleman a great number of English prisoners have received kindnesses. The situations of some he has bettered, to others he has advanced money, and for others he has obtained permission to depart from hence. He deserves the thanks of every Englishman who wishes well to his countrymen and countrywomen in misfortune.
Friday -29. I wrote a letter to Charles Lambert Esq. who was taken prisoner in the Althea and is now permitted to go away, wishing to see him that he might report my case to the Admiralty, but he sent me no answer.
Saturday 30. Considering that a number of prisoners had been permitted to depart, I thought it not impossible but that the captain-general might also permit me, now that I had been punished by a seven months imprisonment: I therefore wrote the letter of this date (see letter book) and sent to my friend Bergeret requesting him either to present it or not as he should think fit. - July Monday 2. Captain Bergeret called early in the morning to inform me that the general had promised that my books and papers should be given to me, and that Mr. Aken and myself should be permitted to go to live at Pamplemoose. He had also sounded concerning our being permitted to go to France, but the general said, that he had written to the French government that he should keep me here until he heard from them, and that therefore he could not permit me to go before: under these circumstances he judged it better not to deliver my letter.
Tuesday 3. In the evening a Mr. Bonnefoy called to inform me that he had been ordered to come to me to learn when it would be agreeable to go up to the generals house, for that he had determined to give me my papers
This morning a report was brought to me that my charts had been taken to the artists office, and that copies of them had been there taken; I am unwilling to believe this, but fear it may be too true.
Wednesday 4. Mr Bonnefoy came about 11 o'clock to say that my going up to the generals was deferred until 3 in the afternoon. He also told me that it was not the generals intention to see me or to let me have the latest log book, which it seems he has kept in his study all this time. This book I have had much occasion for both for constructing some of charts and writing my accounts, but it was refused to my repeated applications, and I was obliged to do as well as I could without it I waited in the evening expecting the officers to come for me, but they did not come or send any message

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July Thursday 5. I heard nothing today about my books.
Friday 6. The interpreter came for me at 9 o'clock and conducted me to the Captain-generals secretariat where the trunk was unsealed and opened, and I took out all the books, charts, and papers, which required anything done at them or were necessary for finishing others. I also took all such books and papers as related to the pursery accounts of the Investigator, and which are far from being in a finished state. There was no appearance of the trunk having been opened; and on the question being put to Mr. Monistrol whether it had been opened or the papers disturbed, he said, no, unqualifiedly. The interpreter afterwards accompanied me to pay some visits to those who had treated me with attention, and I dined with the Chevalier Pilgrim, the Danish and Imperial consul, by whom I was treated with politeness and friendship. In the evening I returned to the Maison Depaux.
Sunday 8. The interpreter paid me a friendly visit. He informed me that captain Bergeret had not yet been able to settle with the captain-general the time and circumstance of Mr. Aken and my going out to Pamplemeuse, but that he should not miss a favourable opportunity.
Monday 9. Mr. Lambert wrote me a letter.
Thursday 12. I sent to Mr. Lambert, and Friday 13. received a receipt I hear nothing of going out to Pamplemeuse.
Sunday 15. The interpreter paid me a friendly visit.
Saturday 21. Captain Bergeret called to inform me that on speaking to the captain-general on Saturday 7th last concerning our going out into the country, he had said that he should think further about it, which may be considered as a refusal for the present time: and this it seems was done upon the principle that I might be there looking about and gaining an improper degree of information; so that it seems I am still considered to be a spy.
Since this last week I have left off copying the log afresh, and have begun again upon my charts, especially the general chart.
His brother-in-law went on board the Investigator in disguise with dispatches, unknown to everyone but me
Tuesday 24. The interpreter came and paid the allowance to the different officers here. To Mr. Aken and me he paid 105 dollars as last time, but from the military captains 9 were deducted, and 11 from Mr. Robertson: the commanders of merchant ships were paid now only 14 dollars per month, the same as the mates. This alteration is said to have arisen from the arrival of some Frenchmen who had been prisoners in England, where their allowance was smaller than given to prisoners. (but note, one crown in England is equal to two dollars here in in providing the necessaries of life). George Alder still remains closely imprisoned on board the Cazerne, and there

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1804 July Tuesday 24. continued.
are three Englishmen kept there in irons whom they want to oblige to enter on board La Psychè, as they have done many others.
Saturday 28th. I sent my servant on board the prison ship this morning to inquire after George Alder and to take him some refreshment. He was then out of irons and it seem is now permitted to stay upon deck from sunrise to five in the evening, and he gets the same allowance there as he did before when they went to Flacq. He requested my permission to work on board La Psychè frigate in order to obtain a little money to buy necessaries, and I gave my consent upon Captain Bergeret promising that he should not be carried to sea.
This day captain Bergeret and Monsieur Quinot did me the honour of dining with me in the prison.
Tuesday 31. Wrote a letter to the captain or commander of any of His Majestys ships - in favour of Monsieur Quinot (see letter books of this date) and inclosed it in a note to captain Bergeret.
Sunday July August 5th. This morning captain Neville called upon me and said, that in a conversation this morning with the general, he had been told, that the general had taken it into consideration that I had been a long time confined, and that if he did not soon receive some orders from France concerning me that it was his intention to give me the town for my prison, therefore I should not make myself uneasy in my confinement. I did not altogether understand this to be a message from the general, but rather supposed captain Neville had told me this of himself. - The interpreter, Mr. Bonnefoy, did me the favour to dine with me today. -
Major Shepherd having been permitted to depart, Mr. Robertson made an application for leave to go either to India or Europe upon his parole, but this day, Wednesday 8, he received a refusal.
Thursday 9th. Wrote a letter to governor King. Made application to Mr. D'Arsonval, the Etat major, for a days permission to visit the town and the village of Pamplemeuse.
Friday 10 Messrs. Pitots, merchants in the town dined today with Mr. Robertson and our mess. They were very agreeable and seemed interested to do him and me service. They have lent us books and music and behaved more liberally than is the customary to any strangers, but especially to prisoners and Englishmen
Sat 11. I received a message from Capt. Neufville, that the general was sorry he could not comply with my request to go to Pamplemeuse. Mr. Robertson had made an similar application, and he was sent for this morning and to his surprise told that he was free altogether. Received today a polite and formal letter of thanks from Capt. Bergeret in return for my letter in favour of M. Quinot.
Sunday 12. The brother of the French commodore Baudin [Augustin Baudin] called today upon me, and was exceedingly kind and civil in offers of service in every way, whether in accomodating me with money or in any other away. He commands a Danish ship having quitted the French service at the revolution. He

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1804 August - Sunday 12. He informed me that when at Tranquebar he had received a letter from his brother the commodore th dated at Port Jackson, in
which the kind attention and assistance given to the commodore and his officers ha at Port Jackson by the governor and officers of the colony was the principal topic. One passage in it was repeated to me to be as follows "When the Geographes voyage was published it should be his first care to pay the "debt of gratitude to the governor and officers of the colony for their very kind "treatment and liberal assistance he had received at their hands". This letter was shown to Dr. Johnston at Madras and was afterwards published in the Madras paper in the month of Decemr. about the 5 or 20th. Captain Baudin appeared to be fully sensible of the great difference in my treatment, and deprecated it very much.
I received yesterday a message from the general through captain
My friend Bergeret called upon me this evening, but he had nothing agreeable to communicate. - Mr. Robertson left us this afternoon. I suffer the loss of an agreeable companion in him, and of a well-informed good man, but rejoice sincerely in his liberty. Mr. Wily, purser of the admiral Aplin is also suffered to go away.
Tuesday 14. I learned today, that several of the citizens in the town had taken the trouble to take make particular inquiry into my case, and finding that I had done nothing that could authorize the long imprisonment I had suffered here, intended to make an application to the captain-general in my behalf. A natural sense of justice seems to be the leading feature in this transaction of theirs, but I believe also that they fear to draw down the resentment of the British government upon their island.
I afterwards understood that they did not mean to proceed by application, but by insinuations and underhand methods. It seems that the all descriptions of people here as much afraid of the captain-general as if he were the almighty, holding destruction in his right hand and salvation in his left. The truth I believe is that the violence of his passions outstrip his judgment and reason and do not allow them to operate, for he is instantaneous in his movements and should he do injustice still he must pursue it because it would lower his dignity to retract. His antipathy moreover is so great to Englishmen, who are the nation that can only prevent the ambitious designs of France from being put into execution, that immediately the name of one is mentioned he is directly in a rage, and his prudence and wish to be polite scarcely prevent him from breaking out in the presence even of strangers. With all this, he has the credit of having a good heart at the bottom. - I learn, that in an anonymous letter which was written to him, my detention was particularly mentioned as one of the many tyrannical acts he had committed in the short time he had had the government of this island

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1802 August. 19. A Swiss gentleman who has often done me the favour to call, and has done me some little services, dine with us today.
This evening captain Baudin called upon me to take his leave, and to ask concerning the propriety of taking a young woman to India whom his brother had brought hither from Port Jackson. He gave me a memorandum to Mr. Focard, when I should be able to go into the town.
Monday 20. Mr. Pitot dined with me today, and I shewed him the letters which I had written to general De Caën, but which he did not much approve. This gentleman is become one of my best friends. He speaks some English and is very conversant with English books, and celebrated men. From him I learn the general opinion which the principal inhabitants of this place entertain of my situation, and which is rather gratifying.
Wednesday 22. I received a message this evening from the interpreter saying that he had made application form me some days since to the Etat-Major for permission for one day to visit the town and he had been desired to call again in two days for an answer. He had called again this evening, and had been told that Mr. Pitot had written to the captain-general to permit me to dine in the town with him, but had received a direct refusal, and therefore the Etat-Major thought it unnecessary to make any application on the part of Mr. Bonnefoy.
Thursday 23. The interpreter paid the months allowance of dollars, and also the proportion for the 5 complementary days to complete the French year.
Sunday 26th. Mr. Bongard, ensign of La Psychè called today upon me on the part of captain Bergeret, but he had no material intelligence. I wrote a note to captain B. requesting his interference to obtain the enlargement of George Alder from the Cazerne de Mer, that we get him to this house as a servant to Mr. Aken.
Monday 27. The signal was made early in the morning for a fleet, and soon after for its being an enemy. Soon after noon two ships (of two decks each appeared off the port, and in the evening there were two frigates and two small vessels with them, lying to at about 3 miles from the ships. The signals upon the telegraphe staffs were in constant motion during the whole day.
Tuesday 28. At daylight the ships were 4 or 5 miles off the port. One of the small vessels, said to be an American brig, made sail for the harbour, but one of the forts firing two guns at her, she dropped her anchor [this is represented by a drawing of an anchor] and sent a boat on shore. About 11, she came to in the outer road. The frigates made no attempt to stop the brig, whence I judge her to be one of the two small vessels with the squadron, whom probably they had detained to examine.
We are informed that Mr. Robertson and a Mr Webb, who had permission to depart in an American and expected to sail in a day or two, are no confined to their habitation with a sentinel over them. An embargo was laid upon all vessels here immediately the squadron were known to be an enemy.

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Augt. Tuesday 28th. In the evening Mr Robertson and Mr Webb were brought to the house and the guard was doubled. A French ship from Madagascar is said to be driven on shore near Point Cannoniers: the crew got on shore and set the ship on fire to prevent the British squadron from getting her off.
Wednesday 29. Thursday 30. These two days there was only one ship in sight off the harbour said to be a 74, lying to, to leeward of the port. Two small vessels are said to have been dispatched to Bourbon with information. They get out of the port easily during the night.
Friday 31. A French brig got into the port early this morning. One one ship off the port The other ships of the squadron are still to windward, out of sight of this port. An officer from the Etat- Majors office came to the house this morning, bringing with him a thin piece of wood roughly formed into the shape of a paddle or cricket bat. After assembling all the gentlemen, he said, that the finding of that piece of wood in the garden was an evident token that some plan of escape was in agitation, but He informed us, that it was the generals determination to treat us with lenity so long as our conduct merited it, but that if anyone escaped, the rest would most assuredly be put in close confinement, in the tower. I remonstrated, that as I was not a prisoner of war so I ought not to be responsible for the conduct of any other than Mr Aken and myself; but he replied that if any thing took place it would affect me equally with the rest. Capt. Neville had before informed me that I stood by myself, and I claimed this privilege now, but it was resisted as above.- The officer went afterwards up to the archimas, and I believe into our rooms to search for further proofs, not permitting us to go up with him. On coming down, he said that some one or more had been upon the archimas; that the guard now had orders to fire at anyone they might see there.
Saturday September 1. Mr Pitot and a friend of his visited us today, and made up a party for Pleyels quartets, in which amusement we spent the evening agreeably.- I learn today, that the British squadron are divided - two are cruising to windward of the island, one off this port and one of the south-west point of the island. They have taken a brig, with 100 negroes &c. - and have landed 7 or 8 French men, for whom probably some return will be made. It appears, that the brig which got in from yesterday was Mr Coutance, who had been at Port Jackson.
Sunday 2. My servant called upon Mr Coutance. He had twice asked the captain-general for permission to visit me, but had been put off, tho' not refused. He came through Torres Strait in his way here from South America, and arrived in a bad state of health.
Since finishing my general chart of New Holland and that of the Gulph of Carpentaria, I have been employed these few days in correcting the variations marked upon the different sheets and otherwise improving them. Captain Bergeret paid me a visit this morning, in his way out to Pamplemouse to pay a visit of comfort to the gentlemen and ladies there.

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1804. Sept. 3 This afternoon, an officer from the Etat-Major came and demanded my sword; and to an observation of mine that Captain Neville had before demanded it but that the captain-general had ordered it to be otherwise he replied, that the captain-general had at that time accorded to my wish but that he had now ordered otherwise altered his mind. I observed also, that I had been officially informed that if it had been intended to take my sword the captain-general would have sent an officer of equal rank with myself to take it! To this he replied that there was no officer of the same rank at that time ready.- That the town Etat-Major would himself have come, but was busy. I told him, that I should deliver my sword to him, but requested to know the rank he held. It was lieutenant adjutant de place. I gave up my sword and Mr. Aken did the same, to him. He did not ask if we had any other arms. The general seems now by this action to have done away all punctilio. That I was not a prisoner of war apparently rested altogether upon my sword being left undemanded; this is now set aside, and by his sending the common adjutant of the Etat-Majors office to demand it, when it had been before acknowledged that an officer of equal rank was the proper person, he teaches me not to expect any measures to be longer preserved with me. There was probably no positive intention to degrade me in this transaction, but it is a sufficient proof of the small consideration in which I am held; and I feel it severely.
Tuesday At 11 this night Messrs. Brown and Winch who had hitherto been permitted to reside in town, were brought in here; and early next morning, Tuesday 4, the two army captains were brought in from Paplemeuse. The cause of this seems to be, that 7 prisoners have made their escape from Flacq, off to the frigates which are cruising to windward of the island.
In the evening the prisoners from Flacq were brought into the town with a strong guard, and put into a house near the Grand Riviere, which was originally built for an hospital, but was used as a prison during the last war. There is said to be no garden or place in which they can take exercise. It seems that the French put the escape of the prisoners from Flacq upon the footing of breaking their parole, whereas they were shut up with a guard over them on the appearance of the British squadron; nor have they signed any paper of parole or given their word not to escape in any way that we are acquainted with; but this I suppose is the excuse for meditated severity, perhaps cruelty, to those that remain; and it is scarcely to be doubted but that if any one in this house should escape we should be treated at least with as much severity.
Wednesday 5. This evening two gentlemen who had been left at Flacq were marched in. We learned that Mr Charrington is one of those who have escaped, and that the boat has been drifted on shore again, with some of the peoples clothes in it.
Friday 6 . The interpreter paid us a visit. The general informed Mr Robertson and Webb by him that he could not permit them to depart now, but that by the first ship that sailed after the English squadron was gone they should have permission. In the mean time the interpreter was ordered to recover their passage money

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1804 September Friday 67 - money and what necessaries they had put on board.
Saturday 78. The interpreter informed me today, that when my sword had been taken away it had been done in consequence of a general order to disarm all the officers in the maison Depaux, and not from any order specifying me in particular, yet there were no others than Mr Aken and me to disarm. I therefore wrote the following letter (see letter book of this date) determined to write to the captain-general on the subject.
Sunday 89. Captain Bergeret paid me a visit today and informed that that the two ladies at Pamplemeuse were to come into this house, since their husbands were not permitted to be out. On speaking to him on the subject of my sword he recommended me to speak to the Maitre-de-place, or Etat-Major, who, said that he would be at this house tomorrow, before writing to the general. - It appears that the British squadron do not molest neutral ships coming into this port, nor do they trouble themselves about the small vessels of the islands; the squadron under Admiral Linois seems to be their principal object, and of course they take all French ships coming to the island.
Tuesday 1011. This evening arrived the two ladies from Pamplemeuse. Messrs. Robertson and Webb were permitted to go out today to get their baggage &c. from the ship in which they were to have gone to America; the sergeant-guardian accompanied them.
Not having been able to see the Town Major, I intended writing to the general today, to mention the circumstance and manner of my sword being taken, and to request that Mr Aken and me might now have the adv same advantage as other prisoners of war in being exchanged by the first cartel; but on further consideration I judged it better not to do it since he might possibly say, Oh Sir, if you consider yourself to be a prisoner of war, you have no right to keep possession of your books and charts. I can place no reliance upon either the humanity or justice of the captain-general, for his violence will get the better of them all; and to lose my charts and books would be a more dreadful blow than even being made a prisoner was at first.
Sunday 15. Captain Bergeret called today to visit the ladies in their imprisonment, and talked some time with me; but nothing transpired upon the main point, our liberty. It is long now since he had any conversation with the captain-general upon my imprisonment, be has said, that before going to sea he should endeavour to learn the governors sentiments upon this head
Wednesday 19. We were this morning surprised by the appearance of a frigate-looking ship off the ports, under cartel colours. A boat came from her, and we had various reports brought to us during the day. They generally tended to say, that her prin-

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-cipal business was to demand me. The stood off to windward before knoon and we did not learn any thing certain upon this affair during the day. The flattering hope of liberty excited lively sensations amongst the inhabitants of the Jardin Depaux.
It appears that to this time the squadron have burnt a ship and a brig, have taken two or three French vessels, and a rich prize which had been taken by Sourcoufs cutter
Friday 21. These two days a ship of war has been off the harbour with a cartel flag up, and boats have between her and the shore. We learn that ten French prisoners have been landed, but not yet that any are sent in return. It appears that a demand has been made for me, and that it has been refused on the principal that I am not a prisoner of war, notwithstanding the taking away of my sword: I know not whether the captain-general yet knows this last circumstance.
Monday 24. It appears that captain Cockburn of the Phaeton came in, in order to see the captain-general upon certain points; but instead of being brought on shore, he was blind-folded and taken on board the Cazerne de Mer, neither did the captain-general or any officer of consequence from him go to captain Cockburn. It seems that the captains intention of visiting him was announced to the captain-general on the preceding day, and that the latter went off to the Grand Port, as it should seem, to avoid seeing him. A negotiation for my release seems to have been the first object of captain Cockburns mission, and it is likely that to avoid the questions that he might have asked concerning the cause of my imprisonment was the cause of the captain-generals avoiding to see him. Captain Cockburn sent on shore some papers he had brought and went away much dissatisfied, refusing to eat of a breakfast that was sent to him. He surprized the Frenchmen who spoke to him by the quantity of information he had concerning the ships in the port and the politics of the island.
Saturday Friday Sept 298. My friend Mr. Thomas Pitot and his brother have very kindly paid us some visits lately, and by furnishing us with books, newspapers &c. have desired much to contribute to our amusement and happiness in this confinement. Yesterday also my friend Bergeret called, but her is mighty costive in giving any intelligence of the squadron or other matters interesting to us. He is, I suppose, in some degree a confident of the captain-general. - The embargo upon American and neutral vessels still remains.
Some days since five or six seamen made their escape from

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the prison at the grand riviere and it is supposed thay got on board the squadron.
The anniversary of the establishment of the French republic which took place on the 22nd. last, was celebrated by a discharge of cannon at sunset on the preceding evening, at sunrise and again at sunset. A large party dined at the government house, but there was some embarrassment from the uncertainty of Bonapartes election to the imperial dignity. I do not hear what their toasts were, but in another party of officers words ran high upon the subject. This government seems as yet to be desirous of contradicting the ascension of their first consul, although the fact seems to be generally credited; his election having taken place according to report on April 20.
October Thursday 4th. Mr Pitot spent a musical day with us since my last memoranda, captain Bergeret has also called and yesterday I had a visit from Mons Coutance whom I had known commanding the brig Adele at P: Jackson from this place. It seems that the captain-general had conversed much with him upon my situation and shewn him one of my letters. The genral accused me of nothing else than that of being "trop vif" - I had shewn too much of British independence in refusing to dine with a man who had accused me of being an imposture and who had unjustly made me a prisoner. I did not see Coutances journal of his passage through the Torres Strait from his fearing of incurring suspicion by bringing a large book with him.
A brig has lately been cut out by the squadron, and I believe another vessel taken. Yesterday the Bellona
For many days past I have found an unaccountable dimness in my right eye, the sight of it being imperfect as if I looked through a piece of gauze. I cannot distinguish with it the features of a person on the other side of a table. This eye rather gets worse than better and the left eye is also getting dull and weak. The gland situated between the left cheek and the ear has risen in a hard swelling which does not yield to mercurial ointment, and those on both sides of the neck are painful. I attributed these to a cold, but from the time they have remained without other symtoms of cold, I fear it is not so, but perhaps to the vitiated state of the fluids, which for want of exercise are not kept in due circulation. I came here in a debilitated state and have been kept imprisoned more than nine months, without any further exercise that a walk round the garden - no company or amusement or active business to keep to body and animal spirits in motion. To this only, when succeed

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-ing to bad scorbutic habit can I attribute my present complaints. It is indeed true that my right eye has been long less irritable than the other, arising, as I believe, from having made so much use of it during the last 13 years in astronomical observations; and it is likely that the quantity of chart drawing that I have lately executed has made the approximation to blindness more quick; but yet had it not been for the confinement here and the white walls of the house, it would, I think, have made less hasty strides. - October Sat. 13. A French ship thought to be a frigate has appeared in sight twice, but has been chased off by the English squadron. Several Americans have been permitted to depart at night, on promising to avoid speaking to the squadron, but yesterday evening one of them was brought to. - Yesterday morning an American brig arrived from Holland in 84 days. She is said to confirm the election of Bonaparte to the purple and his intended marriage with a princess of Russia and his brother with one of Spain, with other particulars. In consequence of my application to the Etat-Major on the 5th Mons. Chapotin visited me on the sixth, and yesterday visited me again. He has given me one emetic which did not operate. My health is very indifferent. I am not positively ill, but not well enough to follow my pursuits with pleasure; arising in part from a depression of spirits. Pains in the legs, swellings in the glands of the neck, dimness of sight, and head ach, are, however, sufficient to produce a depression of spirits, although the reflection of being a prisoner were not added to it. -
Our good friend Pitot dined yesterday with us. Mons. Coutance has been twice here since his first visit. Last time his journal was brought but he seemed to attach so much consequence to it that I refused to examine it but in his presence: he spoke also of a chart of Torres Strait which he was to give to the government and might probably be published. This he said he would bring with his journal, but six days are elapsed without it being done. About five days since a letter was brought to me from the "Seamen of the Cumberland" complaining of their not being allowed their clothes, and telling me that they were likely to be exchanged and requesting some writing under my hand to shew who they were. I gave them an answer and wrote to the town major for their clothes.
Sunday 14th. A Dutch ship and a French brig are said to have been taken today by the squadron. Captain Bergeret and his friend Mr. Saulnier, a principal merchant here, visited the ladies in this house. In the evening, the Etat-Major D'Arsonval rode up to the house, and reprimanded the sergeant for permitting the prisoners to be without

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1804 Oct. Sunday 14 - side of the gate, and for allowing people to speak to them who had no permission, both of which he observed in the morning when passing by. All the gentlemen were at this time walking before the door of the house, for permitting which after sunset, the serjeant was also reprimanded, and we were sent into the house immediately. Mons. Bergeret, Saulnier and two others who were visiting in the house were sent for, and had something unpleasant said to them for being here after sunset. Some words arose, Saulnier was sent to the guard house, but on the spirited representation of Bergeret, was set at liberty on the responsibility of B. that Saulnier should immediately go up to the captain-general. - We fear much that our poor old sergeant will be removed and more severe restrictions laid upon the prisoners.
Monday 15. My good friend Pitot informs me this morning, that L'hydre (or Leda) is arrived at Bordeaux, and that a frigate yesterday got into the Grand Port from France. From the concurrence of these two circumstances I hope that the termination of our imprisonment is about to arrive.
My health is much better today than it has lately been, in every respect, so that I am now getting on again with my writing. Since finishing my charts, the last of which was Bass' Strait, I have been employed writing an account of their construction, as also short dissertation upon the winds, tides, and currents, upon magnetism &c. and also finis writing a new copy of my log book, which had gotten spoiled at the Porpoise shipwreck. Both these I am now going on with, but lately it has been by slow steps.
Mr. Aken having found himself very weak for some time past, and his health declining, on Saturday last went to the hospital for the benefit of cold bathing which cannot be had in this house: he remains there at present.
Friday 19. This morning there was a cannonading in the offing, which we understand to be the Lancaster endeavouring to stop a Danish brig from getting into the port without speaking to them.
The frigate that came into the Grand Port proved to be the Belle Poule come in from a cruize. We learn that there are two prizes of admiral Linois at Bourbon, and one on her way to this place taken by the Belle Poule who had been out to join the admiral but had not found him. There are several American ships at Bourbon, one of which is from Nantr and another from Lisbon. Official intelligence is said to be received of the elevation of Bonaparte to the imperial dignity, by the latter vessel.
Captain Coutance visited me early this morning, but he brought neither chart or journal with him to compare with mine

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Oct. 22. It seems that our good friend Pitot has been refused permission this morning to visit the maison Depaux.
Wednesday 24. A Monsieur La Port, a lieutenant of the Belle Poule paid me a visit this morning, when he expressed for himself and brother officers concern for my imprisonment and wishes for a speedy termination. The character of this gentleman stands high for his humane attention to Mr. and Mrs. Lambert and the officers of the Althea, of which ship he was the prize master.
Thursday 25 This morning I write a letter to captain Bergeret thanking him for his many attentions, and wishing him all the success in his voyage that the honour and interest of my country would allow him. We have it reported that La Psychè was about to sail immediately and it was probable that captain B. might not be able to visit the Maison Depaux again from the dispute that took place with D'Arsonval the Etat-Major.
21-25. The interpreter brought the months allowances this morning: he paid 105 dollars for Mr. Aken my servant and me, making no difference on account of the former being at the hospital.
Sunday Oct. 25. Received a letter from captain Bergeret dated on the 24, thanking me for my letter of the same date.
Yesterday there was much firing from the forts at one of our ships, who who was running along the shore to get at a small ship which had just anchored without side of the harbour, and appeared to have American colours hoisted. Our ship was driven away, it was said, by the falling of a shell very close to her
The gazette of last Thursday contains a proclamation from General De Caen "in the name of the French Republique" that Bonaparte is made Empereur Napoleone 1re. and that the 18 Brumaire (10 Nov.) is appointed for the celebration of a festival on that account. The proclamation does not bespeak much joy in the occasion but it invites the citizens to draw up an address to the Emperor.
Tuesday Oct. 30. Citizen Bonnefoy the English interpreter of whom I have had frequent occasion to speak, we hear is dismissed from his office and is to be sent to France; for that on going on board an American ship which had come from Tranquebar, and had two copies of a Madras gazette containing an account of an action between the Centurion and admiral Linois, Mr Bonnefoy had only taken one for the captain-general; the other fell into the hands of an old lady, to whom the general sent a guard of soldiers to demand it: the old woman refused to deliver it up to any guard of soldiers, but said if the general sent his aid-de-camp it should be delivered up, and it was accordingly done. Mr Bonnefoy it seems did not enter into the generals views of monopolizing all intelligence, or perhaps into the system of coercion and tyranny which the government have established here. The officer of the boat is, it is said, broke, and now on board the Cazerne de Mer as a prisoner.

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Wednesday Oct. 31. It appears that the contre-amiral Linois has got into the Grand Port with three prizes, either unperceived or unimpeded by our cruizers. This evening our ships were seen steering to the N.E. as if leaving the island.
Two gentlemen have been just killed here in duelling, a circumstance that rarely occurs amongst the French. They usually fight with small swords and a scratch or prick usually settles the business; but those confounded English weapons, pistols, are getting into vogue, and were used the on the above occasions.
Thursday Nov. 1. It appears that the British squadron are certainly out of sight this evening, but from the calms last night they were seen from the hills in the morning. Tis strange if they go away without paying Bourbon a visit, where so many neutral and some French ships are said to be lying, and exposed to any attack.
Friday 2. The prizes brought in were said to be the Queen Charlotte, L'Esperance and the Pearl, and with two prizes at Bourbon are estimated at a million of Dollars independent of the value of the ships
Saturday 3. This morning Mr. Robertson wrote a note to the Etat-Major concerning the promise made to Mr. Webb and himself to depart when the cruizers left the island. In a few hours permission were received by the two gentlemen to depart whenever they pleased by any of the many American ships that are now about to sail. This is the greatest instance of dispatch and attention seen in this island from the government towards English prisoners
Sunday 4. Messrs. Robertson and Webb left this house today, and the latter we are told sailed at noon, in the Bellisarius for Salem, but the commander refused to take Mr. R's negro boy, and he refused to go without him. Mr. Webb pays 200 dollars for his passage
Monday 5. This morning between 60 and 70 English prisoners were marched past from the Grand Port into the town, having been taken in the Princess Charlotte - Indiaman, and the Hope and Pearl country ships. Soon after Captain Turner and Lt. Dunbar of the army, returning in the Hope to England, and two young gentlemen, midshipmen of the Princess Charlotte were brought here. All the rest including the officers of the ships were taken to the Grand Riv. Prison. The midshipmen are supposed to have been brought here by a mistake, this house being apppropriated to the army & navy officers
Tuesday 6. This morning I received information from captain Bergeret, that the captain-general thought himself obliged to keep me here

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me here until he should receive orders from the French government concerning me. This he learnt from the general in a particular conversation upon the subject, and therefore it is now settled that I am to have no liberty or indulgence until that time may arrive, however long it may be. Capt. Brown left us this evening having obtained permission to return to his residence in town
Captains Henry and Moffat and their wives have received a verbal permission to depart for India, which has been obtained through the medium of our good friend Bergeret, and they mean to embrace the earliest opportunity of getting off.
Wednesday 7. The written permission obtained today for the departure of the ladies, allowed only one of their husbands to accompany them. They could not accept the permission on these terms, but made a fresh application.
Thursday 8. Today Captain Matthews of the army obtained permission to depart. It is said, that he made a false plea of having a wife and three children, in his application, and I fear it is true: Permission was also given to Messrs. Moffat and Henry to depart with their wives on condition of sending two specified officers back in return or of returning themselves. Lt. Dunbar having made application for permission to depart for Europe, received it to go to India, sending back a specified officer in lieu. These permissions very much surprize us, and is thought to be owing to a report of a cartel fitting out in India. - The policy of general De Caen seems to have undergone a great change:- Some time since he swore by his Gods that no man should go to India, and the only permissions given to military men to depart, those who had wives with them excepted, has hitherto been to America; but now every body must go to India that goes at all: his desire to get officers back whom otherwise he could not get may probably be the cause, if there can be any reasoning upon his conduct; but his proceedings appear to me to set all calculation at defiance
Friday 9. Paroles were sent to be signed this morning, by Captains Moffat and Matthews of the Malay Reg. in Ceylon, by captain Henry of the 19th. Dragoons, Captain Dansey of the 65 regt. and Lt. Dunbar of the and by Mr. Wynch of the companys civil service, all of whom are to depart immediately for India.
Monday 12. The above four gentlemen left the house this morning to embark on board L'Espiegle, a vessel of only 40 tons, for Tranquebar, under Danish colours. - Three prizes have been brought in since the sailing of the British squadron. One today was a ship taken by Surcouf in his cutter, but retaken by the English squadron and the Frenchmen put on shore The prize master got a small vessel, and with 25 soldiers and as many sailors pursued his prize again, overtook her near the line, boarded and brought her

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1804. Nov. Monday 12.
brought her back. This is the report told to us, and it is added, that Mr. Duncan and another of the prizoners who escaped from Flaq were on board, and are now in board the small vessel that last retook the ship -
Tuesday 13. A lieut. Cartwright, of a Bengal seapoy corps, going to England on furlow, was taken in the Hope, and brought into this house today. The commander of l'Atalante had kept him board out of kindness, when the other prisoners where marched here from Grand Port.
The Marengo and two frigates arrived in the harbour today from Grand Port. The Marengo had run aground when going into the latter place, had carried away her false keel, rudder, and done other mischief, and being had an old ship has had from four to six pumps mostly going since: She seems to be in haste to dismantle. - Wednesday 14. Having received another letter from my poor seamen at the Grande-Riviere prison, complaining of their nakedness, and the Chef d'Etat Major having returned me no answer to my former application upon this head, I wrote today to the captain-general (see letter book of this date)
One of our gentlemen having been found without side the wall of the garden (a thing often practised but seldom found out) a report was made of it to the Etat-Majors office, and he (Mr. Tate) was taken away and, it is said, confined in the tower. It is to be hoped this will be a warning to others of us who almost nightly are breaking through the regulations of the house in a similar manner, at the risk of further restrictions to the whole
Wednesday 14. This morning I received a letter from the seamen confined at the Grande-Riviere prison, complaining of their nakedness and I immediately wrote to captain-general upon that subject (see letter book of this date). Before two o'clock an answer was brought complying with my request, couched in exceedingly polite terms, written by the Chef de l'Etat-Major DArsonval. -
The three gentlemen sailed today for India, who last left this house, as also did at last Mr. Robertson in an American ship for Bourbon. The ship in which he goes to American being bound to Salem he is obliged to leave his black slave behind, the good quakers of that place not allowing a black man to be brought to their town: the poor boy is left to go to England with me, when it shall please God and general De Caën to permit it.
Friday 16. My good friend Pitot dined today with me, but he can tell nothing relating to my liberation

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Nov. Friday 23. Some days since we were informed that the whole of the prisoners in this house and in the Grande Riviere prison were to be marched out to Wilhelms Plains, and put into one house where the government meant to provide a general table for the whole. Upon this very disagreeable information I wrote to my friend Pitot informing him of the circumstance; and he answered by saying that an acquaintance of his, a respectable inhabitant of that district would be glad to receive me into his house, should our removal take place, and that he would petition the governor upon this head and offer himself and family as sureties for me. This very obliging offer I declining accepting, except perhaps such part as, when our destination was fully known, might appear necessary to preserve some portion of comfort. We have not however received any certain information as yet of what is intended.
The third and fourth mates of the Princess Charlotte were this evening brought in from the Grande-Riviere prison; and more from that quarter are expected.
Saturday 24. This evening Mr. Manwaring a lst. lieut. in the Bombay marine and commander of the Fly packet, was sent here with two young officers, acting lieutenants of the Fly. The captains Moffat and Henry left us this evening to live into the town until the sailing of the little brig Adele for Tranquebar, in which they are going passengers: This they were desired by the Commandant de place to do to make room in the house
Monday 26. The allowance for next month was paid today, but none was brought for Mr. Aken, and for me and my servant only 60 7/10 dollars instead of 70. This appears to have been owing to a mistake. Mr. Manwaring and his two officers refused to receive any allowance
Tuesday 27. My friend Pitot visited me this evening, accompanied by Mr. Beyer, president Member of the Court of Appeal. I gave him a paper which Mr. Baudin had directed to a Mr. Focard to shew me a letter received from his brother, Commodore Baudin at Port Jackson, describing his treatment there. This Mr. Pitot hopes to use to my advantage.
Wednesday 28. Mr Manwaring gave me money for a small set of bills, at the rate of four dollars to a pound sterling.
Thursday 29. This morning Lt. Cartwright left the house having obtained permission to live in town, in the country, or to go to America or Europe, but not India. This extraordinary privilege he has obtained through captain Bouchaine of l'Atalante frigate by whom he was brought here. This is a proof that interest more than justice sways general De Caen, for Mr. Cartwright has not

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been a prisoner more than two weeks whilst other officers in the house have been nine months without receiving scarcely the least indulgence, and yet nothing that we know of is objected against them: I do not allude to Mr. Aken or myself.
Mr. Aken returned from hospital and to my surprize said he believed there were men employed in caulking the little Cumberland.
Saturday Dec. 1.1804. I find that they are not doing anything at the schooner, but that there are a number of black people living on board and a number of chests in the hold. My servant found her in a very beastly condition. We hear today that a cartel is coming in from the Setchelle Isles, which it seems have been taken in possession by the English frigate Concorde. The cartel is said to have French prisoners on board. Mr. Henderson, and Mr. Astwith, the one a passenger, the other a commander of a country ship, paid me a visit of ceremony today: they have permission to go away, and expect to sail in a few days
Mr. Aken has permission given to him to go out every morning to bathe in the sea, and the government here seems inclined to give more indulgence than heretofore.
It seems to me that they would be glad to give me some liberty if I will ask for it, and they seem to wish me to ask. They would give it as an indulgence but not as a matter or right; but unless pressed either by ill health, or something more urgent than at present, I am not inclined to ask any thing as a favour, at least not less than entire liberty.
I learn from Mr. Astwith that my imprisonment was known in India previous to the sailing of Commodore Osbornes squadron; and it is said that he has orders from the admiral to demand me; which as before-mentioned he did, but received a denial and incourteous treatment.
Tuesday Dec. 4. Captains Henry and Moffat called today to take leave of us in expectation of sailing this afternoon. They go in the small brig Adele under Danish colours, for Tranquebar, as also do Capt. and Mrs. Hook of the Ceylon regiment. They will be very crowded and very uncomfortable, and besides pay 175 dollars for each individual, for their passage only.
I received this morning a present of fruit and fish sauce from my friend Pitot, to whom I am under many obligations for his great attention and kindness.
Thursday 6. I learn today that Mr. Robertson had arrived safe at Bourbon and sailed almost immediately for Bourbon America. By this gentleman I have sent a copy of my general chart, and one of a part of the east coast, besides several letters to Sir J.B. and others.
I obtained today an extract from a letter written by the Commandant Baudin to M. Focard, member of the tribunal of appeal, from Port Jackson; a very important letter to shew the vast contrast of Baudins treatment at Port Jackson with mine here

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1804 Decr. 14. Since the 6th. five or six prizes, India country ships, have been brought in here, mostly prizes to the ship Henrietta. It seems there had been an embargo laid at Calcutta when Admiral Linois was off the coast of Cormandel. After 40 days it was taken off, and a large number of vessels sailed, but without convoy. The Henrietta fell in with these and wrote word here by the third ship he had taken that he was in chase of 30 others, out of which he would chuse 4 or 5 more and then return to this island. There have been lately brought to this house, Mr. Dunbar, commander of the ship Hope, two young mates of the Princess Charlotte, and yesterday a young officer, Mr. Wilkinson, in theregiment of, who had been carried to Bourbon whilst the English squadron was off this island. Lt. Cartwright has left us and obtained permission Mr. Dunbar left us in a few days having obtained permission to reside in the town on account of his health.
Our spy-glasses were taken away on June l. as then mentioned with a promise of their being returned. When Mr. Robertson went away he transferred his claim to a gentleman in this town, who wrote to the Chef de l'Etat-Major for it. He received for answer, "that all arms, and instruments "taken from prisoners in war were the lawful property of the captors, as a "reward for their courage. He had not altogether availed himself of this right, "but had given the glass in question to "Mr. Maurice lieutenant of the "Semillante, to be used against the enemies of his country. The gentleman "return for answer, "that he did not understand how a spy-glass belonging to a "medical gentleman could be construed into arms or an instrument of war. "Mr. Robertson had been at the island previous to the war, and had been "detained, therefore no great valour had been displayed in his case; and as he "believed those circumstances must have been forgotten by Mr. D'Arsonval, "he hoped that in considering them the glass would be given to him according "to the intention of the original possessor."
This very mean conduct is account for to me thus. The generality of the present French officers are men of very little education and general knowledge, and possess very small portions of honour and humanity. They are in general brave, and some of them good officers but abstracted from the profession of arms are very inadequate to their situations. When occasions offer, their original meanness appears through the glare they cast over it. They know not what is due to the honour of their country, or to the characters which they have assumed - What ample reason I have to subscribe to this character of French officers as given by one of their countrymen. Neither he or I, however, think that there are not many exceptions. I have found at least one, but as a general observation it appears to be correct.

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1804 Dec. Sunday 16. It being one year this day since we were made prisoners in this island, I wrote this morning a letter to the captain-general, praying to be released. (See letter book of this date) In writing letter it was necessary to be very cautious. To ask urge every argument to induce the general to comply with my request, and yet not to sacrifice any thing of my own honour or that of my country; nor yet not to give up one tittle of the justice of my cause and yet not hurt his pride by telling him of his injustice. In short to demand justice without offending the oppressor; to beg without lowering the dignity of my cause. I found this a difficult task, and wrote the letter four times over without being able to please myself in the composition; perhaps I never wrote a worse letter where any consideration had been bestowed upon it. So difficult is it to express what the heart does not feel. The honest indignation of oppressed innocence, which might have given some energy to my expression, it was necessary to suppress, and the letter is consequently without spirit, and almost hypocritical. It is likely I may be accused of wanting the spirit I had before shewn - of an Englishman, by having suffered something for it. It may be said that I ought to have set my oppressor at defiance all together, and not have spared him. Perhaps this is very true, but of what advantage would it have been? My letter indeed does not carry accusation, but then I have not flattered my oppressor, or ask for my right as for an indulgence. I have only omitted telling him what would be offensive, but have not at all gone to the opposite extreme. - I have suffered a years imprisonment - am debilitated in health - kept back from my promotion, and the credit arising from my exertions and risks in prosecuting discovery - remain in ignorance of the state of my fortune and family both of which have suffered from some late material alterations - and, oh above all, am kept from the arms of a beloved wife. Let any one reflect whether to reverse all these things, he would make the sacrifice of omitting offensive expressions in a letter to his foe and oppressor? - I have done no more.
Tuesday 18. I had desired the sergeant (our guardian) to bring a receipt for the above-mentioned letter, but the chef de l'Etat Major, said, the letter should be sent to the general immediately; and that a receipt was not necessary. - Having received no answer to this day or any kind of notice taken of it, I again requested a receipt and this morning it was brought to me. -
On Sunday came in the Henrietta, and a prize to la fortune. The Henrietta had two more prizes following her; in short, prizes are coming in almost every day - although the superiority of naval force is considerably on our side
Thursday 20. To this day no answer has been given to my letter, and I suppose that because the Marquis Wellesly has not answered general De Caens letters concerning an exchange of prisoners, so the latter will not answer me.
The inhabitants of this town are anxiously expecting dispatches from France, and it is upon these, or upon the interference of the British government only that a change of our situation can be expected. Tiresome to a great degree is this unremitted confinement, and this general has so little humanity, or so much suspicion, that he seems totally disinclined to mitigate it. - My consolations are, that I am usefully employed, and that in time I shall be set at liberty with honour and, perhaps recompense
Saturday 22. Having no longer any expectation of an answer to my letter of the 16. I wrote another letter this morning requesting permission for Mr. Aken and me to be allowed to go into the country, and containing an extract from the letter written by Commodore Baudin from Port Jackson. This letter I sent by my servant to the generals secretariat, because I thought it possible that the Town Major might have failed delivering the former letter. I got a receipt signed by the generals secretary
This evening I learned that my poor sailors had not receiving any clothing or other necessaries, notwithstanding the Town Majors polite letter to me of Nov.14.

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1804 December 23. This morning I was told that one of my seamen had made his escape from the Grand Riviere; Three only now remain there, one being at the hospital with a dysentery. I wrote a letter of this date to Colonel D'Arsonval, relating to the nakedness of my men.
No answer has been yet given to my letter of yesterday to the captain-general.
Tuesday 25. A message was brought me today that clothes and bedding were given to the seamen at the Grande-Riviere prison.
Thursday 27. My friend Pitot visited me today and introduced Mr. Descroizilles a merchant here, by whom this maison Despaux had been let to the government
No answer from the general has yet been given to either of my letters.
Friday 28. Captain Leran and Lt. Wilkinson left us today having obtained permission to go to India. The former has been more than 10 months in this house and got his permission now through the Interest of Mons. Saulnier a respectable merchant in the town. Captain Turner also left us today having got permission to depart for America.
1805 Jan. Monday Tuesday 1. It surprised me to find the lower class of people here making a festival of the new years day. The band of musick was playing in the streets a considerable part of the night and all the black people and servants were running about in the morning calling banana, banana, with flowers in their hands which they presented to all their masters and his friends, and whomsoever else would take them, and demanded money for them, from a trois-sous piece to a piastre
Wednesday 2. My friend Pitot gave me a call today to tell me what little news there was afloat.
Wednesday 9. Most of the officers of the princess Charlotte left the house today, having received permission to depart for Europe. It seems that just now and again no person is permitted to go to India. The governor seems to be at his wits end, what from receiving no dispatches from his government, and the contemptuous silence of the marquis Wellesley to his letters
Saturday 12. Messrs. Strachan, Serle, Downie and Simpson of the Princess Charlotte quitted the house today and sail tomorrow in American ships. There now only remains here Messrs. Manwaring, Mailand, and Arthur of the Bombay marine, and Messrs. Flinders, Aken, Dale and Seymour of the navy, as prisoners in this house.
Thursday 17. This evening Dr. LaBorde visited the maison Despaux again. He judged it proper that Mr. Aken and me should go into the country where we could take exercise for the re-establishment of our health. A gravelly complaint which for several years has given me more or less trouble, has got worse since my confinement in this island for Mr.Aken he had not recovered from his complaint of debility when he left the hospital, but being allowed to bathe he did not get worse. Since a fortnight past his permission to go down to the water every morning has been taken away, and he has been ill almost ever since
Friday 18. We heard this day of a general action having taken place between admiral Cornwallis and the Brest fleet; and also of the capture of La Fortune, privateer, of the island; and the arrival of Sir Edward Pellew to take the naval command in the East Indies.
Sunday 20. Monsieur Quinot, to whom I had some time since given a letter on his sailing for the Cape of Good Hope, called this afternoon upon me: he had arrived three weeks since and apologized for not having been able to call sooner
Tuesday 22. This evening I received a certificate from Dr. LaBorde, stating the necessity there is for Mr. Aken and me to be removed into the country; and next day inclosing it in a note to Colonel Monistrol the new Etat Major general; Colonel D'Arsonval having sailed on the 21. for France in the brig Diligence.
Friday 25. I received information that our sick certificate had been returned to Dr. Laborde with an absolute refusal to comply with it, and a request that he would not interfere with what did not come under his jurisdiction; referring to his having said that my labours were calculated to assist the progress of science and to be of utility to seamen. It is astonishing to see the antipathy the general has to me, and his obstinate silence or refusal to accord with any thing that may relieve me from a close imprisonment
Wednesday Tuesday 29. A vessel arrived here today in which came passenger admiral Sercy and some others from France
Wednesday 30. This morning we heard amongst other things, that the French government had approved of the conduct of General De Caen relating to me; that they had ordered me to be sent to France, where a tribunal was established to try my case

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Until Feb.19. I received no intimation of any intention to send me to France, or to remove me into the country. On this day, I heard that French newspapers mentioned my imprisonment in this island, which account they copied from English papers of May 29. now near nine months since. Whence it surprises me that we should have been left here so long without any notice from the English or French governments; not that I think myself of any consequence to either, but the violation of a passport is, I should judge, a national concern.
During these tedious intervals of time, my friend Pitot has generally visited me every week, and by lending me books and giving me all the information he can collect relative to my peculiar situation, he has done much to keep off the melancholy that in such cases is too apt to get possession of the strongest mind: he has proved himself indeed a true friend to humanity.
Wednesday 20. Mr. Aken found himself again so ill as to be obliged to go to the hospital this evening.
Thursday 21. A large ship arrived today and saluted; and she is said to be the Bellona, privateer from France.
Saturday 23. Mr. Coutance, with his lady and a stranger visited me this afternoon. He informs me of a convict who has escaped from Port Jackson in an American ship, had been left sick at the Cape, and had come here in the Bellona, who had called on him. It appears that Le (Geradai) Gerandais and his partner who had been left at Port Jackson by Coutance, had sailed in a small brig for this island but have not been heard of since, and it is thought are lost in Bass' Strait. He speaks also of the loss of the Albion, Bunker, in Van Diemen's Land, where he had been to carry settlers and cattle from Port Jackson. A French sealing brig is said to have put in at Port Jackson and been made prize of.
Mr. Coutance also informs me that he believes the general has received dispatches that relate to me.
March Friday 1. This morning the man from Port Jackson, was brought to me by the son of Mr. Coutance and I learnt some intelligence from Port Jackson, but only what I had heard before
In the Moniteur of July 11, 1804 I find an answer to a former letter published in France concerning me, in which are given some reasons for detaining me, As "le passeport etait exclusif pour la corvette Investigator, dont il (meaning me) portait le signalement, et ce n'est pas sur l'Investigator qu'il a été arrèté, mais sur le Cumberland. Le même passeport ne donnait accès dans les Colonies Françaises à Mr. Flinders, qu'autant qu'il ne se détournerait pas de sa route pour y accéder; et Mr. Flinders reconnait dans son journal qu'il s'en est détourné volontairement (car l'isle de france n'etait pas sur son passage")........"enfin le passeport accorde à Mr. Flinders n'admettait aucune equivoque sur les projects de la campagne pour la ???? il lui etait accordé; et on lit dans son journal, d'une part, qu'il soupçonnait la guerre; et de l'autre qu'il avait pris le parti de relacher à l'isle de france, autant [Page torn - word missing] l'esperance d'y vendre advantageusement son batiment, que par le desir de connaître l'état actuel de cette colonie et l'utilité dont elle et ses dépendances à Madagascar pourraient être au Port Jackson. Comme le passeport que le gouvernement Francais avait donneé à Mr. Flinders, navigateur Anglais, etait loin d'admettre une exploration de cette nature sur une colonie Française, il n'est point étonnant que le Capitaine général de cette colonie l'ait fait arrèter, et rien, jusqu' à ce jour, n'annonce qu'il ait cru devoir le relacher.
Monday 11. By date of this day I wrote a long letter to Monsieur Fleurieu, Grand Officer of the legion of Honour, Councillor of State &c. intreating his interference with the government to set me at liberty or order me to France; there were several inclosures also (See pub. letter book)
We learn that the secretary of marquis Wellesly had written to that of general De Caën, at which the general is said to be not a little displeased. A very unpleasant report concerning Port Jackson has been given out, but requires confirmation.
We hear that the captains Matthews and Dansey, Mr. Dunbar, and Mr. --- surgeon of the Aplin, had arrived in India; they are said to have bound the master of the vessel they were passengers in, and taken the vessel into some port against his consent. From this circumstance the general has stopped several prisoners who had liberty to go away
As yet I hear no intelligence of any change in my situation, and have now indeed little hope of any speedily taking place. Our number in the house is still only six
We hear of La Pschyché having taken the Eliza of 300, but has been retaken; Of the loss of the Sheerness, and 7 sail of ships on Ceylon also
Wednesday 13. Wrote to Mr Marsden esq. a letter of this date, with its inclosure
Thursday 14. Capt. Brown, went away this morning having his permission reaccorded to him: he went in La Land, under Danish colours; formerly the admiral Aplin
Tuesday 19. My friend Pitot visited me today, and told that in a gazette he had seen it said, that Lt. Fowler had arrived in England with a number of the Investigators charts.
Wednesday 20. Sent another copy of my letter to Mr Fleurieu by way of America
Friday 22. I learnt the pleasing intelligence of the Court martial having taken place upon Lt. Fowler, wherein he and his officers and ships company were very honourably acquitted

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Rough Statement of prizes brought into the Isle of France between
since the war
Taken by Admiral Linois division Taken by La Fortune -La même
Countess of Sutherland - Egglestone - £100,000   Ellinor - Allen - £15,000
Althea - Miller - 200,000   ------- - Skene - 10,000
Princess Charlotte - Logan - 60,000   Barlow - Maxwell - 18,000
Charlotte - Astwith - 40,000   Four Others }- 20,000
Hope - Dunbar - 40,000   names unknown     }  
Pearl - Donne - 30,000   Shewsbury -   - 10,000
Eliza Ann -   - 10,000   Fly - Manwaring - 30,000
Upton Castle - Pavin - 25,000           103,000
Taken by La Psyche Taken by the Henrietta - Henry
Admiral Aplin - Miller Rogers - 70,000   James Tibbald - Basden - 60,000
Supurbe - Wright - 10,000   Six others   }    
Alfred - Smith   15,000   names unknown   }   90,000
        95,000           150,000
Taken by the Alfred Taken by the cutter Surcoup
Purser - Purser - 10,000   Hodgkins (mate)   -   25,000
            Mornington -     20,000
            Two others   }    
            names unknown   }   30,000
Taken by Parisah, Quinet
--------------   ------------ - 10,000            
    Sum   620,000     Sum     328,000
            Sum total brought in     948,000
The mischief done at Bincoolin by the division may be estimated at 800,000
A valuable ship taken there and sold at Batavia 50,000
The Burnaby Indiaman run ashore at Vizagalami 60,000
Two vessels sent to France by Bellona, and Surcoufs cutter 40,000
One small ship scuttled, and several small vessels omitted in the 50,000 above
March 1, 1805 Damage to English commerce from Isle de France  
since the war 1948,000

April 1. There have been sent in here lately, a prize to the French frigates, whose probable value is £10,000; one to La Psyche, the Pigeon, probable value £15,000; Another by the Gustave, value £8,000; and the ship Coromandel, by the Henrietta, value £40,000 from China, and it is said from Port Jackson, but she is not yet arrived from Bourbon.
April 5. I hear of the safe arrival of Captains Henry, Moffat &c. at Madras. Captain Manwaring having had repeated permissions to go into town from morning to evening, I requested the Dutch interpreter, Mr. Haringa, to learn from the town major if an application of mine for one day would be favourably received. He sent me for answer that the town-major wished to know what part of the country I was desirous of to live? This surprised me, as it referred to my application made three months before, to which an answer had been given. It was added that Colonel Monistrol would use his endeavours to obtain me a permission, and if I pitched upon a district remote from the sea, thought he should succeed. I sent immediately to Mr. Aken at the hospital to know if he wished to be included in my application, and to my friend Pitot to chuse a place of retirement for us; and this day informed Mr Haringa that I wished to reside at Wilhelms Plains in the house of Mrs. Darifat; that if our paroles would not be taken, I believe, Mr. Merlo of that place (a friend of Mr. P's) would be security for the propriety of our conduct; and I added if Colonel Monistrol could obtain us this permission, he would increase the sense I entertain of his former politeness towards me.
This unlooked for business somewhat surprised me and I suspected that the motion came originally from the general, and on asked Mr. Haringa, my opinion was partly confirmed.
April 13. My friend Pitot called upon me today and we arranged the plan of my retreat to Wilhems Plains, should permission be given; but the answer is yet put off from day to day. I learn for the hospital that the Coromandel, now come in from Bourbon, had a letter for me which has been given to the Town Majors office

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1805 April Monday 15. A gale of wind has blown for these two days, but cleared up this day at noon. It is extraordinarily late for such rainy weather as we have had now for two or three weeks, January and February being the usual rainy months in these two islands, and the time that hurricanes that take place when they do happen, which appears however to have not been seen for some years: The cutting down of the wood upon the hills is supposed to be the cause of their cessation and also of less rain having fallen in the latter years. No rain of any consequence felt this year until the month of March.
Tuesday 17 [should be 16]. This morning I received the copy of a letter to me from Dr. Maskelyne the astronomer Royal . It came from Mr. Aken at the hospital, who obtain it from a prisoner at the Grande Riviere. The original was given to the town majors office, and seems to have been kept there, although it contains nothing that relates to war or to the French nation
May 1st. An application having been made by Mr. Aken for some allowance whilst at the hospital, the provisions given him there being very inadequate to stoppage of 45 dollars per month, his subsistence money, it was accorded to him, and he obtained an allowance of 15 dollars per month.
To this time I heard nothing further of the application concerning my permission to reside in the country, except that every now and then I was deluded with unsubstantial hopes, that it would be accorded when the sh captain-general should have time to take it into consideration. Beginning now to fear that there was no chance of release before the termination of the war, I encouraged Mr Aken in his inclination of making a seperate application for permission to depart on parole or any other terms; and on May 2. I wrote him the substance of what I thought a proper petition to the general to obtain this, the main plea being that of his very ill health. This petition he very much approved of as did the phisician whom he consulted upon his inclination to certify the necessity of his returning to Europe on account of his health.
For a considerable time I have now been employed in writing a memoir to accompany the charts should the Admiralty be desirous of publishing them before my arrival. This memoir, with the log book, I have partly finished here, and with all my original charts I purpose to transmit by the first safe opportunity.
From some officer of the Coromandel prize, I received by way of the hospital some Port Jackson newspapers, containing an account of the insurrection there in March last, which had been quelled almost instantly without any loss.
Saturday May 4. This morning we heard much saluting from the ports and a ship coming in, which appeared to be French
Some days since an officer passed by here who had come from Madras on his parole. He had been a prisoner at Poona-malee but on his parole there. He said that a petition from the prisoners here had been received by Lord Bentinck, and been transmitted to Marquis Wellesley, but there was no prospect of an exchange of prisoners taking place it being totally contrary to the marquis's policy. We are nevertheless told here that so soon as an official account is received of the taking of la Psyché, that a cartel will be sent to Madras. In this cartel, however, I have not the least prospect of being included, being unfortunately "not a prisoner of war".
Tuesday May 7. It was with some surprise and much pleasure that I saw Mr. Aken enter the Maison Despaux to day, to inform us that he had succeeded in his petition, and had got leave to depart to England by way of America, on his parole as a prisoner of war
Thursday May 9. Mr. Aken came to take up his abode with us until the time of his departure. This morning I sent an letter to the Town-major requesting him to make known the general my request to depart upon my parole to America, or to any other place or in any other manner he might think proper, see letter of this date.
Three other gentlemen from this place sent in petitions to the general for leave to depart, having heard that several from the Grande Riviere prison had obtained leave, and more were getting it daily.
Saturday 18. Mr. Aken left us today having signed his parole, obtained his passport, and procured a passage on board the American ship the James, - Campbell bound for New York.
No answer has been returned to my letter of the 9th. and I find Mr. Monistrol did not think it proper to lay my application before the general, both because he foresaw no suc-

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1805 May 18 - Saturday
foresaw no success likely to attend it, and that the general was sick in the country ; No answers have been returned to the applications of others from this house; but from the Grande Riviere about twenty altogether have obtained permission depart.
Since Mr. Aken obtained his leave, I have been busy preparing to send home all the charts, books, and papers that were in a proper state; besides various papers relating to the Investigators stores, with vouchers &c. and the instruments in my charge from the Navy Board and the Board of Longitude. These, with the necessary letters were all dispatched on board today.
When I first applied for books and charts, I had said offered as a condition towards obtaining them "that I would be ready to deliver up the whole"; but when they were delivered to me no kind of condition was annexed and therefore I did not think myself bound by any not to send them home by any opportunity that might offer. A receipt was indeed taken for the first charts, as well as for the greater body obtained six months afterwards, but this I consider to have been only a precautionary measure to prove that I did receive them again.
I hear that the general has received copies of two letters, the one from Ld. Hawkesbury applying for my release, the other an answer to it from Mr. Tallyrand, the French minister; but of what are the terms or probable consequences of these letters I cannot learn Sunday May 19. Mr Aken took leave of us today and embarked on board, and I understand there are four or five other English prisoners passengers in the James, to whom the owner Mr Ogden and the captain Campbell have given passages to without any other charge than that of laying in something towards the mess table. French passengers to the number of 30 are also embarking for America in the same ship, amongst whom is my good friend Dr Laborde the physician. Monday May 20. With pleasure we saw this evening the James under weigh going out of the harbour, and no stoppage to Mr. Aken. For I feared that the general had overlooked the circumstance of his being attached to me, and might stop him when he found it out. Thursday May 23. Admiral Linois went out this morning with the Marengo and Belle Poule upon a cruize. In the evening, an American ship arrived which spoke the Tremendous and another man of war only 20 leagues to windward of this island, which we suppose were going to England. The Princess Charlotte prize, bought into the service of this colonial government is fitting out, and it is said is to go to India as a cartel; however, as so many English prisoners have been lately suffered to depart, and they have been cutting off the poop of the Charlotte to make her sail faster, we scarcely give credit to this. I rather hope that she will be sent to France and that I may be sent in her. Monday 27. This morning a report was brought to me, that the general intends to send me to India to be exchanged for captain Bergeret of La Psyche. The general has for some time resided in the country, and is said to be very ill there, which prevents him from returning to town, now the cool season is set in: The inhabitants of the town usually retire to the country in Decr. and return about April. Friday May 31. I learnt today, from my friend Pitot, that Messrs. Edward and Joseph Merle had arrived from Madras on their parole. They do not know how it was that they were selected to receive this indulgence, but think it must have been in consequence of the letter which I wrote about 5 month since to Lord Bentinck, the governor of Madras, concerning them (See letter book) They hadbeen kept at Poona Malee and had the liberty of ranging 3 leagues round, upon their parole. They contradict the report of the unhealthiness of Poona-malee, and say that they were were very well treated. The ship in which they came arrived yesterday, and a report has originated from her, that captain Bergeret expects permission to return here in order to effect exchange of himself for me, and has said that he hopes to succeed in it; but I do not hear whether this is from any letter he has himself written, or whether he may be soon expected. It appears that he has been treated in the most handsome manner, both by the naval officers in India and by the marquis Wellesley. La Psyché lost in the action 108 men, besides including all the officers, except captain Bergeret, and many more were wounded. The St. Fiorenzo lost fifty-nine men. This great slaughter was occasioned by the attempts of La Psyché to board the St. Fiorenzo.
Tuesday June 4. We were this morning surprised with a report of an English
squadron being off the island, and about ten o'clock the red flag was hoisted
upon the signal hills. An American ship, which came last night, is said to have
been spoken by one of them, the Indus 74.

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1805 June 4.
The squadron is said to consist of three two-decked ships, two frigates and two sloops.
Wednesday 5. This morning a frigate was visible, about 3 leagues to the northward of the port. In the evening she stood in, but hauled her wind off again at sunset, being 4 or 5 miles from the land
Thursday 6. A brig from Bourbon is said to have been chased by the squadron, but to have escaped into the Black River at the S.W. end of the island. No ships in sight this morning. The general came to town immediately on the appearance of the hostile squadron.
Sunday 9. There was a continued rain this day for eighteen hours, which seems to be a most uncommon thing at this time of year. None of our cruizers have been in sight from our house since Wednesday, but the red flag fl continues hoisted at the flagstaffs upon the hills.
Monday 10. I procured English papers, the Courier, for the months of July and August 1804. In which I find Lt. Flinde Fowler has been presented with a sword, value 50£, by Lloyds coffee house; and a piece of plate value £300, by the East India company, for his useful assistance in the China fleet, in repelling the French squadron under admiral Linois. Also the officers and crews of the companys ships (including those of the Porpoise and Investigator, I suppose who were passengers) have been voted a present by the Company, amounting to about £30 for a midshipman, and £6 to a seaman.
Thursday 13. We were informed today that a cartel was expected to arrive from India, with captain Bergeret and his officers. This report is said to originate from letters received from Bengal. An American ship came in yesterday, which had been spoken by our squadron. She was told, that there were seven or eight other ships cruizing off Roderiguez in expectation of a squadron from France under the admiral Ganthaume; but this report is not believed here It seems that one, if not more, American has been detained and sent away to Trincomalee. This ship or ships had come from Bourdeaux, and cleared out for Tranguebar, but put in at this island, having French passengers on board.
Saturday 15. This evening, Mr. Basden, formerly commander of the ship James Sibbald, was sent into this house. He had permission to depart before the arrival of our squadron, and expected soon to embark for India. He had remained in the town unmolested till this evening.
From Mr. Basden we learn that a few mornings since the Terpsichore had stood in pretty close off the harbour mouth, and lay there ther some time, to the great annoyance of the French citizens. The Atalante is fitting out, and it is said will be sent out full of soldiers to attack her, if she shews any more of her British insolence
Sunday 16. Messrs. Manwaring and Basden obtained permission to go into the town today, to be spectators of procession of the hosts and other Catholic ceremonies, this being what these people call le fête de Dieu: several salutes were fired today in honour of the fête.
One of our ships was in sight this morning, two or three leagues to the N.E.wd - and about one o'clock we heard several heavy guns fired in that general direction
We learn now, that the squadron consists only of the Tremendous, Grampus, Pitt, and Terpsichore, and that they keep themselves stationed from the Coin de Mise at the north end of the island along the east side, round to the south-west end.
Since the 9th. we have had showers of rain every day, and almost the whole of this day was rainy
Sunday 23. This evening a cartel arrived off the port, which affords me and others a pleasing prospect of once more enjoying the sweets of liberty, of which I have been now more than 18 months deprived
Monday 24. We learn that captain Bergeret of La Psyché and his officers are arrived in the cartel, but it appears that they are come here on parole, not to be exchanged
Tuesday 25. A small brig cartel arrived from Colombo in Ceylon, bringing it is said 25 French prisoners, but upon what terms is not told.
Wednesday 25. Mr. Richardson, commander of the Thetis, the cartel from Bengal, visited us today. and He expects to obtain the release of all the English prisoners, and to be detained but a very short time. It should seem, that the French general is so much pleased with the arrival of the Captain Bergeret and his crew, as to have abated much of his usual suspicious and unaccomoding disposition. Yesterday I received a note from captain Bergeret, promising to use his obl endeavour to obtain a favourable alteration in my situation; but I do not yet learn whether my name is to be included amongst those who will be permitted to go away in the cartel.
The small brig from Colombo was brought solely by French prisoners, with no other orders than to send as many Englishmen back in her in return. It is said also that cartels will be sent here from Madras and Bombay.
Saturday 29. I heard today from my friend Pitot, who had been some days sick in the country at Poudre d'Or. It seems that our squadron have retaken two prises, the one from the Semillante, the other from La Pucelle, a privateer.
A rich China ship is said to be taken and sent to the Cape by the Blonde
Sunday 30. One of our frigates is said to be in chase of a French ship at the S.W. end of the island: the ship is thought to be the Napoleon.
As yet I have not seen captain Bergeret, or heard anything by which I can learn whether or no my name will be included in amongst the Englishmen to be returned by the cartel

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1805 July - Monday 1. Captain R. of the cartel called on me today. He said
that captain Bergeret had made an application for me to the general, but did not know the result. In the evening I wrote a note to captain B. requesting him to inform me whether I was not to go or was not, and begging him "not to keep "me in suspence from a dislike to communicate disagreeable intelligence, "since it was a matter of great importance to me to know that I might write to "my family, and on other accounts. His more important avocations and the "society of his happier friends would probably prevent me the happiness of "seeing him before the sailing of the cartel, which is said to be at the end of "the week; and therefore begged him to write to me"
The serjeant was sent for to the Etat-Majors office and returned with the money for this month of Thermidor: an unusual mode of payment
Tuesday 2. I received a note from captain Bergeret, but nothing decisive as to my being included amongst the prisoners to go in the cartel.
The rainy weather has continued occasionally to this time, which is very extraordinary at this season.
Messrs. Basden and Manwaring get permissions to go into the town almost every day, by means of Mr. Harenga, the American interpreter. The same gentleman has offered the same indulgence to Mr. Dale and Seymour my two young and only messmates but took care not to fulfil his offer; and several of the merchants officers we understand have now the same indulgence previous to their embarcation in the cartel. For myself, I receive no indulgence of any kind, nor does the least notice seem to be taken of my by this government
Wednesday 3 One of the frigates came off the port this morning with a flag truce and sent a boat on shore, but what the purport of her business was we do not yet learn.
This evening I had a visit from a Captain Bergeret; from whom I learn, that the general not having received orders from the French government as to my disposal, cannot allow me to go away in the cartel. All other English prisoners are to be sent away, after which captain B. purposes applying for my permission to reside in the country: I receive offers of service in a pecuary way from him
Friday 5. The frigate returned off the port this morning for an answer to the business for which she came on Wednesday; but we have not yet heard what business this is
At noon I received a letter from Mr. Bernard, secretary to the captain-general, including a letter from Mr. Lumsden, the chief secretary of the government at Calcutta. This last contains an answer to my letter of May 15. 1804 to the Marquis Wellesley, and contains an extract from his dispatch to general de Caën which relates to me, demanding my immediate release, and to be allowed to go to India by the Cartel on the first neutral ship. Mr. Bernard says in his letter, that my detention being of a nature to be submitted to the French government, the captain-general cannot change any thing of the measures that have been taken on account, until he receives an answer from France. - I sent a receipt for these letters, but no answer.
Sunday 7. I received today a note from captain Bergeret, and 280 piastres for a set of navy bills for £66.4 being my pay from April 16. to October 1. 1804. The frigate was again off the port this morning.
Monday 8. My friend Pitot writes, that it is not known what the business of our frigate was which has now been in three different days with a flag of truce, but it is generally supposed that the first captain of the Marengo, has been taken in an American ship from Bourdeaux, and she came to offer an exchange of him for me; but he adds, it is thought the captain is not sufficiently a favourite with general De Caen for him to agree to the exchange
It is said a French boat with a flag of truce is now going out to our ships off the Coin de Mire in which is Colonel Monistrol, a Chef de l'Etat Major
Thursday 11. One of our frigates The Terpsichore keeps now generally off the port, especially in the evenings, and at night; at which time also the Grampus Pitt commonly appears; it is said they are watching for the sailing of the L'Atalante, who had got her sails bent and is ready for sea.
The boat that went out on Monday to the Tremendous, it seems did not reach her, but returned in distress. This morning we saw a small brig going out with a flag of truce up, probably upon the same errand.
Tuesday 16. We hear that the Belle Poule with three prizes has put into Bourbon. (This is not confirmed).
This morning the Pitt Terpsichore returned off the port with a flag of truce. She has been away since Thursday last with Mr. Monistrol the Chef de l'Etat-Major to the commodore, off the windward side of the island
The Grampus Pitt has remained off, closely watching the harbour in the absence of the Pitt Terpsichore in expectation of L'Atalante going out. This frigate has been ready some days at the entrance of the harbour, with her head out, watching an opportunity to put to sea.
Thursday 18. We are told that Mr. Monistrol was highly pleased with his treatment on board the Terpsichore, and that he has twice sent off, fruit, vegetables and other refreshments to her.
The Terpsichore is again gone away to windward, it is said, with a dispatch to the commodore from the captain-general. We heard, that several of the prisoners here, the gentlemen in this house particularly, who were to have gone away in the cartel, are now to be exchanged for some French officers who have been liberated from the English squadron

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1805 July, Friday 19. Captain Bergeret called upon me today. I learnt that there were some dispatches from the French government at Bourbon, which were sent for; and capt. B. expressed himself confident that there would be an order for my release.
It seems that an exchange of the whole of the prisoners here has been effected with Commodore Osborn, captain B. and myself being the only two on either side that are excepted.
Tuesday 23. The Pitt was not in sight from our spying place this morning, and at seven the Atalante was underweigh steering out of the harbour. In about an hour we could see the Pitt in chace at a considerable distance off, and between nine and ten oclock I heard some guns, but there seemed to be no chance of our frigate catching the Atalante.
Wednesday 24. The Pitt, or some other frigate, came off the port again today, and the Atalante was left to pursue her course. Mr. Harenga said, that he saw the Atalante reefing her top sails, and that by his watch, they were 42 minutes doing it.
It appears that an officer who had been sent to Bourbon for the French dispatches, is returned, several letters having been received from France by individuals.
Thursday 25. Two officers from the town-majors office dined here today, and in the evening they made a general offer of a permission to go to the theatre to all the gentlemen in the house. I declined it, upon the suppostion that general De Caën was unacquainted with the circumstance; but on their saying that they should not have made the offer had they not been authorized, I accompanied them. The I officer to whom I attached myself (Mr. Reignier) behaved with great politeness and attention but on returning two other officers accompanied us home who were too fond of carousing and libertine conversation for my taste. - Neither of these three officers, it seems, have more pay than 25 piastres per month; how they live upon it, is difficult to tell; nor did they themselves know very well how they live, for the single article, a table, consumed the whole, and house rent, clothes, washing, and a great many other expenses incident to army officers, and particularly such as some of them are; were left to be provided for - God knows how! Mr. Reignier, however, was a more sedate man, had a comfortable little house, had been many years in India, and was probably possessed of some property
The theatre was prettily fitted up on the whole, and it was so full that, being late, I scarcely got a sight of the stage. It surprised me to see so many handsomely dressed women in the pit; the greater part of them must be the wives and daughters of tradesmen, but their dress was, beyond all comparison, more expensive and gay than those of the same class in England. The younger women were some of them very pretty, and there was one that might be very well called a beauty. Her age was said to be twelve years, but she seemed very womanish, though sufficiently modest, at least by comparison. The elder ladies seemed generally to be fat, but their dress was equally gay and bosoms equally bare with the younger. The necks of almost all, and the shoulders, and bosoms, and nearly half the breasts were uncovered, as well as the arms nearly up to the shoulders. They seemed to have good clear skins, and well turned necks and bosoms, for the most part; and large eyes that were by no means destitute of power. An equal number of women, equally dressed, would I think raise an uproar in one of our English theatres. The modest would be offended, the prudes would break their fans, the aged would cry shame! the libertines would exult and clap, and the old lechers would apply to their opera glasses
We went in at the time a Danse Anglaise was performing, or in other words a hornpipe. The afterpiece was of one act, and the whimsicality of a speaking harlequin and of a testy old man appeared to constitute the wit of the piece. It appeared to me more a piece of buffoonery than a play; being, however, almost a stranger to the language, I must be, consequently, a very bad judge; and can speak only of the impression it made upon me. The applause given by the audience was very moderate, th but there was no hissing, except to obtain silence, which seems to be the French way of obtaining. The admittance is one piastre, seemingly, to all parts of the house; but the politeness of Mr. Reignier would not be denied in procuring tickets for the three of us who were with him
Sunday 28. We heard this morning that a French frigate had got in at the Grande Port. A cartel, said to have come from Madras came to an anchor in the mouth of this harbour this morning.
The Pitt continues to keep her station of this harbour, and at the time the cartel anchored, was speaking a ship that had come up from the leeward
On Tuesday last I wrote a note to Mr. Monistrol, requesting him to permit Wm. Smith, my only remaining seaman to come up here and remain with me (see letter book) instead of going away in the Thetis, cartel. I have received no answer, but on Thursday Mr. Franeos told me at dinner that it was accorded
Monday 29. The frigate said to have got into the Grand Port, proves to be the Napoleon, a large French privateer, which has been out from France some time, and been cruizing off the Cape of Good Hope.
The cartel is the Prime - Young, from Bombay. It seems the Prime fell in with admiral Linois off the south end of Ceylon, and 79 French prisoners were taken out by the admiral. This it seems is disapproved of by general De Caën. The prisoners, however, were coming here to be exchanged but had signed a parole at Bombay, until they were exchanged, not to serve against the English

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1805 July Wednesday 31. I had a visit today from Lt. Blast of the Bombay marine, agent of prisoners on board the Prime, from Mr. Davis, surgeon, and Mr. Madigan, supracargo of the Prime. The prisoners it seems were brought here to be exchanged according to any arrangement that might hereafter be made, but not being then exchanged, the proceeeding of Admiral Linois in taking out the 79 men seems to be irregular, and meets with the disapprobation of both parties
August 1, Wednesday. This morning I received a copy of the agreement made between Commodore Osborn and Mr. Monistrol for the exchange of prisoners, which is to take place immediately, man for man and rank for rank, and to continue until the governments in Europe shall put a stop to it. From this exchange, post captains and commanders are excepted, and surgeons, pursers, and pursers-stewards, not being fighting men, are not to be accounted prisoners of war, but to be permitted to depart freely. Wounded or infirm men, and children under twelve years of age are also exempted. The exchange has reference to all those who are already departed, as well as those who may hereafter be made prisoners
Nothing is said upon the allowances or the degree of liberty to be given to prisoners whilst they may remain prisoners. In this respect, the French have hitherto had, and are likely to have, the advantage. In Bombay, no officer of any description had a less allowance than 62 rupees per month, and some who had liberty to live where they pleased in Bombay had an additional allowance of 20 dollars per month for house rent. Sixty-two rupees in Bombay is equal at the least, to 40 dollars here, in purchasing the necessaries of life; but there are only very few officers here who receive more than 14 7/10 dollars; and here all are closely shut up, whilst in India they have the liberty of a whole town, and in some parts, of a district of several miles. General De Caën has publicly expressed himself highly satisfied with the treatment that French prisoners have received in India, but he does not for that reason mitigate any thing of his severity to us here
Sunday 5th. This morning I received a letter from Philadelphia from Mr. R.
As yet we have no certain knowledge of the sailing of either of the cartels. It is supposed neither will be permitted to depart so long as our squadron remains cruizing off the island; and an American commander, lately come in, says he was told, they would not leave their cruize these two months; though Lt. Blast of the last cartel was told, that about the 15th of Aug. they should probably go away.
My letter from America says, that admiral Linois is recalled and will probably be disgraced.
Wednesday 7. Today I had a visit from from Messrs. Richardson, Blast, Davies, and Madegon of the cartel to dinner. They seem to entertain expectations of sailing 'ere long
Friday 9. Today I received a letter from Mr. Monistrol together with the only remaining seaman of the Cumberland, William Smith, in compliance with my request of Tuesday the 23rd. of July. The letter is fully satisfactory though late in coming.
Monday 12. This morning four of our gentlemen left the house with their baggage to embark for Bombay on board the Prime; but the appearance of one of our frigates before the port damped their hopes of sailing so soon as was otherwise expected.
Tuesday 13. This morning our squadron made sail off, and before noon the red flag was hauled down at the signal posts. The four gentlemen with Mr. Madegon, supracargo of the Prime, called to take their leave of me today, expecting now to sail tomorrow
Wednesday 14. Today I received a letter from captain Bergeret signifying that the general had given permission for me to reside in the country, and desiring to know what place I had fixed upon for my residence; but my health being at present very indifferent I begged to defer it for a few days, and in the meantime I should make the necessary inquiries and arrangements. - This afternoon, my two messmates Dale and Seymour embarked their things, and quitted the hous; of which the old serjeant La Mell with myself and two servants are now the sole inhabitants.
Thursday 15. In the town, the inhabitants are very busy celebrating the fête of the holy virgin, and in the evening the fort fired a confused salute of all their guns; but this fête is only preparatory to that of St. Napoleon which is to be celebrated with all the pomp this island can muster. The church ornamented with the flags of all nations, of which the poor English ensign, as a specimen of French prowess is to be placed under foot to be trodden upon.
Captain Richardson of the Thetis took his leave of me this evening, with my two young messmates, and at sunset, they were outside of the harbour under sail for Bengal. The Prime and the little brig from Colombo, were lying with their heads outward, but did not go this evening
The allowance made for the English prisoners, as I understand, is the French ration of provisions, which, except in bread, is very inferior to the proportion on board our ships of war; and for table money for the officers they allow four-tenths of a dollar for captain Mainwaring, three-tenths of for commanders of merchant ships and midshipmen in the navy, and two-tenths for mates of merchant ships. For this latter, this government take to themselves credit, the mates

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Consigne pour la poste de la maison Despeaux
Article premier   Les prisonniers de guerre ne pourront sous aucun prétexte, sortir de la maison Despeaux, où ils sont détenus, sous peine d'etre mis à la tour jusqu'au parfait échange
Article second.   Le sargent des veterans gardien de la dite maison, et le chef du poste, mettront la plus grande surveillance à ce qu'aucun prisonnier ne s'evade, et dans le case d'absence d'un ou de plusieurs, ils on feront le rapport de suite.
Article troisieme.   Les prisonniers de guerre auront la liberté de se promener dans le jardin, sans qu'il leur soit permis de monter sur les murs, ni sortir en dehors de la grille.
Article quatrieme   Le sargent gardien et le Chef du poste ne laisseront communiquer avec les prisonniers, que les personnes muni a.c d'une permission par ecrit signée de moi, ou des adjoints a L'Etat-Major.
Article cinquieme   Les lettres venant du dehors, ou sortont du dit Etablissement deviont dû décachetés, elles me soront renvoyées a fin que je les communique à qui de droit, et les passe remettre à leur adresse s'il y a lieu.
Article sixieme   Les prisonniers de guerre sont solidairement responsable les uns des autres, si l'un d'eux s'echappe les autres seront renfermés, et si celui qui s'est évadé est arrêté, il sera mis au cachot jusqu'à son échange.
Article septième   La sentinelle sera placée tous les soirs à six heures près la porte de la maison et ne permettre pas aux prisonniers de sortir la nuit, dans le jardin.
Article huitième   Il me sera fait un rapport tous les matins à sept heures, des evenémens survenus dans le 24 heures
Article neuviènne   Les caporaux et soldats de guarde ne pourront s'introduire dans les appartements de la maison, sans en ê.tre requis
A l'Isle de France le 18 Pluviose an 13
Le Chef L'Etat-major, charge du commandment de la place
(Signé) Monistrol Chef d'Etat-Major

being considered only as common seamen by the arrangements of the late cartel. The allowance made to the French prisoners coming from Bombay, for 5 rupees per day for officers of every discription, both of privateers and merchant ships; so that the conduct of our India government has been as much superior in liberality in this instance as it was in its conduct to the prisoners whilst on shore. The numbers of Englishmen officers gone away in the Thetis is about 30, in the Prime 6, and in the brig for Colombo three; besides about 15 seamen in the three vessels
Friday 16. The Prime sailed early this morning. About noon, I had a visit from captain Bergeret. The general, it seems, objects to my residence anywhere upon the sea shore; but I understand my parole will be accepted as a security for my behaviour, which does not seem consistent with the belief of my being a spy.
Speaking to captain B. of the different allowances made for the table of the prisoners on board the cartels, by the Indian and this government; he said, that he had warned the government at Bengal that there was a regular establishment on this head in the French navy; and if the allowances they chose to give were not equalled in returned, they must not be surprised; and he remonstrated with them of upon the impropriety of giving four rupees to midshipmen in addition to the ration of provisions, which was the same allowance as given to himself; the same was even given to the officers of all ranks of the privateers, so that, says capt. B. you may be sure they will soon be out again was it only for the purpose of being taken; for here they can some of them scarcely get bread to eat, whilst as prisoners in India they live like gentlemen.
Saturday 17. There was another point also where the difference of treatment between the English and French prisoners was very conspicuous. Captain Bergerets people received at Bengal, beds and a handsome allowance of clothing before they came away; but I do not know that any things was given to our seamen before they embarked

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1805 August - Saturday 17. The fête of yesterday terminated with a general salute at sunset, and an illumination in the evening. The Corsican saint, had more honours paid to him, and seems to be in more repute than the poor Virgin Mary; the cries of "vive l'Empereur" were however, it is said, by no means violent amongst the soldiery in the morning at the review; and the threat of imprisonment exptorted the greater part of what were heard from them. I know not if the officer were more sincere in their devotions.

Journal of Sunday Aug 18th.
Rose at half past six. Slipped on my shoes and morning gown, and went down to walk in the garden. Met the serjeant and bid him bonjour. Think the old man looks a little melancholy at the prospect of his last prisoner leaving the house, for he will lose his situation. The dogs came running after me, and seemed more attentive than when there were more prisoners in the house: suppose they are a little pinched for food. The grass being wet with a shower that had fallen at daybreak, confined my walk to myself to the walk at the head of the garden, where the gentlemen had cut it down. Meditated during my walk upon the extreme folly of general De Caën keeping me a prisoner here, for it can answer no one good purpose either to him or the French government; and some expense, and probably odium, must be incurred by it. The injury that it is to me is almost incalculable:- but this will not bear to be dwelt upon, it leads almost to madness. Got up into the tall almond tree to see if there was any ship off: none to be seen. Could have seen much further round from the top of the house, if the general had not shut it up, and taken away my spy-glass. The boys and the soldiers together have pretty well stripped the almond tree, before the fruit was ripe. Got down from the tree and continued my walk. General De Caën conduct must have originated in unjust suspicion, - been prosecuted in revenge, his dignity being injured at my refusing to dine with him, and now continued from obstinacy and pride; but seeing a shower coming in hurried in to the house. This rain is very extraordinary at this time of the year; but the whole year, so far, has been an uncommon one.
Half past seven, went up into my room, stripped myself naked, and washed from head to foot in the little tub. Called Smith to bring me Put on my clothes. Called Smith to bring me hot water to shave with. Think he walks better upon his broken leg every day, and that it will soon be as well as ever. Elder not being returned from the Bazar, read five pages in La Condamines voyage down the river of Amazones from Quito to Para. Think Condamines calculation of the level of the river at Pauxis being only ten feet and a half higher than at Para, more than 200 leagues lower down, to be incorrect; for where there is a stream running downwards constantly, as in this river, the rise and fall of a tide will be perceptible much higher up the river than to the mere level to which the tide rises in the sea. The stream being impeded in the lower part of the river, will cause an accumulation of the water to a considerable distance up until the tide draws up again at the entrance, and permits the accumulated water to run out also, which it will do with increased violence. Had he found an absolute current running up as high as Pauxis, his calculation would be correct; but the rising of the water there every twelve hours, whilst the stream is running down, is no proof that at Pauxis the river level of the river is only ten and half feet higher than at Para. Condamine writes in easy perspicuous French, and it seems to be good language
Half past eight. Elder not returned from the Bazar yet. Cant think what keeps him. Laid the cloth and the breakfast things myself and ordered Smith to bring me the tea-kettle. Used plenty of milk in my tea, and made a good breakfast. Took three pinches of snuff, whilst I sat thinking of my wife and friends in England. Mem. Must not take so much snuff when I return, for it make me spit about the rooms. Elder returned from the bazar at nine: found he had been waiting for an answer to my note to Captain B. which did not require an answer.
Find myself better this morning than usual, and less head ach. Took up my flute and played the 1st. and 5th. Duo of Playels opera 9. Note, the first commences in a grand stile, and is sweetly plaintive in some parts of it. The Andante of the 5th. is marked for minuet time, whereas the time is 2/4. Must have all Pleyels musick when I return to England, that is set for the flute, and Mozarts, and Haydens, and some of Hoffmiesters and Deviennes, but the whole will be too expensive, musick is so very dear in England; and indeed so is almost everythinkg else. Hope Mrs. F. will have got the better of the inflamation in her eyes; it is now fine weather in England and she will be able to ride out. Must take a house in the country when I return, and enjoy myself two or three months before I engage in any service; but, God knows, it is now three years since I heard from anybody at home; and what may have happened it is impossible to say
Gave Elder orders to send my linen to wash, and to make a memorandum of some things to be got before I go into the country; but not to buy them until I have absolutely got the permission to go
Ten o'clock. Sat down to my writing. Transcribed four pages of the chapter in my log book upon the state of the barometer upon the different coasts of Australia, into a letter to Sir Joseph Banks for the Royal Society. Found a giddiness and an aching in my head: left off writing, and walked backwards and forwards in my room. Think I have advanced rather too much of my own opinions in this letter, and wish I had confined myself more closely to the facts; but think Sir Joseph will strike out what he thinks is incorrect. Hope he will be alive and well when I return; but he is now advancing in years. If any accident should have happened to him, there is great doubt whether my voyage will be ever completed; or much notice taken of what I have already done. There would, however have been some chance if Lord Spencer had succeeded come in again to the Admiralty. Am glad Mr. Marsden is the secretary.
My head still aching, went out into the garden, and walked under the shade of the trees. Consider

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1805 Augt. Journal of Sunday 18th. continued
Consider that Mr. Aken will be arrived at in America before this with my charts and log book. There is some hopes the Admiralty may put me upon the post-captains list on his arrival in England but it is much to be feared they will not before I can return to England. Determine to have a court-martial upon the loss of schooner, as it will give me an opportunity of making known my treatment in this island in an official manner.
Returned up stairs, washed, and sat down to dinner at two o'clock. The French beans are very good in this island. Made a tolerably good dinner and drank three glasses of Madeira. Am determined to persevere in the plan of eating more food of puddings and vegetables, and less meat. Find my headach better after dinner. Think there must certainly be some river or large opening upon the north-west coast of Australia. Hope the admiralty will not give any more passports to French ships to go out on discovery, whilst I am kept a prisoner here. Cannot conceive how it is that there should be no copy of Tasmans chart of that coast remaining, spoken of by Dampier. If there is an opening near the Rosemary Isles, a settlement there would be advantageous for the East India company, on account of the high tides, the proximity of the position to the Spice Islands, as a place for their ships to touch at and take in Spices for China, as a naval station for the eastern cruizers, and to counteract the armaments of the French at this island: determine to propose it to the company on my return: Would I go out as governor of a settlement there, should it be proposed to me? I can't tell, it would depend on many circumstances. Wish to finish the examination of the whole coast of Australia before I do anything else. If there should be no great opening on the N.W. coast, it would be desirable to explore by land from the head of the great inlet on the south coast, and from Port Phillip. The asses of this island would be very useful in these excursions. Mem. To propose to Sir Joseph to touch here, when I go out again, to take in six asses, and some fruit trees; provided I can make sure of not being ill treated.
Half past three. Find myself a little sleepy. Don't know whether to go down and play a game at Billiards with the old serjeant, to drive it off; or to take a nap. Determined on the latter and laid down my bed.
Half past Five. Waked. Had a head-ach and looked very pale. Went down to the gate and sat down in the sentry box, looking at the people who passed by. The mulatto creoles are very thin and tall, but their legs have but little calf, and have something of the negro curve in them. They have pleasant countenances. The sentry talking with his comrade said Bonaparte was only 38 years old when he made himself Emperor. The soldiers dont understand the comparative rank between their army and navy officers. Note. French soldiers talk much more than English soldiers do, and seem to be happy enough upon an allowance that an English so would scarcely keep an English soldier from starving.
At sunset, returned up stairs and walked till Elder got tea ready. Do not wish my friend Pitot to give me introductions to more than two or three families when I go into the country. In applying myself to the French language then, must not wholly neglect the writing continuation of the accounts of my voyage. Hope Captain Bergeret will be able to procure me the remainder of my books and papers &c. from the general. Will send off all the letters if I can get them, and am not laid under any restriction to the contrary. After tea, walked a few turns. Necessary to read over again the article Meteorology in the Encyclopedia Britannica. Read over also, the articles Weather, and Wind. Am surprised at the influence which M. Tsaldo attributes to the moon over the weather. He supposes there are ten situations in every revolution of the moon, in each of which she almost always in one or other of which all, or almost all changes of weather take place; but admits that the changes sometimes happen a little[TW1] before and sometimes a little after the ten lunar points. It would be very hard indeed, if they did not happen a little before, at, or a little after some one of these ten points, for with one day before and one day after they will usually occupy th almost the whole of the month. Agree with the writer of the article that the moon has little, if any thing to do with the weather.
Went to bed at half past nine. Lay considering for some time upon the causes of the trade and of the westwardly winds, especially upon the earths revolution round its axis. Think they are certainly owing in some part to this cause, as well as to the rarefaction of the air under the vertical sun. Must have some kind of trap set for that rat, which comes disturbing me every night; but as I am so soon to leave the house it does not signify. Dropped asleep soon after ten. Waked about one by the noise of the soldiers in the guard house, who are playing about and running after each other like children. Wish the loud-voiced fellow had taken a dose of opium. Fell asleep again. Dreamed that general De Caën was setting a lion upon me to devour me, and that he eat me up. Was surprised to find devouring so easy to be borne, and that after death I had the consciousness of existence. Got up soon after six, much agitated, and with a more violent head-ach than usual, and with bilious sensations in my stomach.

Monday 19. Received a letter from Mr. Monistrol, signifying the generals have agreed to my residence in the country, and desiring to know at what time I wish to go out. Perceive that Mr. M. is desirous to impress upon me that he himself has been instrumental in serving me
At noon, captain Bergeret called upon me. He says that my word only will be accounted sufficient security. He came to offer me his lodging during my stay in town; but I had been previously engaged myself to Mr. Pitot

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Tuesday Aug 20. In the afternoon, my friend Pitot came to see me, to concert measures for the transport of my self and baggage into the country; and soon after, Mr. Harenga brought me the permission from Mr. Monistrol to leave the meison Despeaux when I pleased, and to remain in the town until Friday. The persuasion of Mr P. induced me to go out with him immediately although I had some letters to finish previously to their being sent to England by Mr. K. After tea Mr. P. engaged me to make one in a musical party; but my first business, after quitting the maison D. was to pay my compliments to captain B. to whose mediation I consider myself indebted for the indulgence.
Wednesday 21. Rose early and took an agreeable walk. Capt. B. breakfasted at Mr. P.s and proposed to go with me to the bureau of the Etat- major; but the appointed time being twelve o'clock I returned to the maison Despeaux to finish a paper for the Royal Society. At 12, I waited upon Mr. Monistrol with captain B. in order to settle upon my parole. It was intended to take it verbally, but I thought it better to be written and proposed it: It was left to be settled by captain Bergeret. Mr. Monistrol was very polite, and requested I would apply to him, when he could do me any service. I dined with Mr. P.s family and in the evening was taken to a musical party, where some pieces were performed by superior players.
In the evening we supped with Mr. Deglos, a relation of Mr. P.s where there was a large party. The post of honour, that of conducting the lady of the house to table was assigned to me; and which as I understood so little French and spoke less, and have moreover been little accustomed to female society, embarrassed me not a little; but French politeness is such, that although my eyes were upon the qui vive, no signs of risibility were apparent.
Thursday 22. Very early in the morning, I set off with Mr. Edward Pitot to ascend the Pouce, whose height is about 2400 French feet. It rained, but hoping it would clear away as the day advanced, we persevered: Abo The whole distance appeared to be about three miles. About one-third up we began to find the wild raspberries tolerably abundant. We stopped to view the prospect occasionally, but the rain, which still continued, not only obliged us to carry umbrellas but and made the way very slippery, but obscured every thing so much that we were much disappointed. In one respect, however, there was an advantage, the steep mountains close to us, whose forms were romantic in different views, being partly obscured, appeared to be a much greater than the real distance. - Upon the mountains there are said to be many apes of considerable size, but we saw none of them. One of the pretty trees I saw, was a kind of fern (fougere) which grows to the height of forty feet, and its general appearance something resembles the cocoa-nut. - We great breakfasted at the foot of the immediate ascent, about three-fourths of the whole distance up, where the servant was left. In continuing our path, we entered into a wood of small trees, with an underwood of ferns and raspberries. It has lately been forbidden to cut down any of the wood in the upper parts of the mountains, the rains having been found to decrease of late years, owing, as it is thought, to the hills having been nearly stripped of their covering; and the path through the wood has constantly been more and more obscured, which has occasioned the Pouce to be less visited; and now the raspberries and shrubs were grown up so much that it was impossible to trace the path, and as the rain still continued to fall, and in greater abundance than before, although it was probably fine weather in the town, we gave up the further prosecution of our walk.
The path up the Pouce, leads also, by a short cut, to the district of Mocha, which lies immediately on the other side of the hills; but the thick rain prevented us from seeing anything. At Mocha, they have almost constant rain for six months of the year, and it is said to be 5º of the thermometer colder there than it is in the town: The reflexion of the hills upon the town, and Mocha being on the weather side of the hills, with the more frequent rain and exhalation will occasion this.
Capt. Bergeret and a large party were today invited to dine at our house, amongst whom was Mr. Chazal, an intelligent and respectable man, whose house in the country is situated very near that of Mrs. Darifat. To this gentleman I am obliged for sending my baggage out into the country, and who promises to be an agreeable neighbour. In the evening, he introduced me to Mesdames Chazal, his mother and wife, and I accompanied his wife and himself to the play and also with several of Mr. Pitots family.- The pieces acted were very short, and the principal parts in both were done by a woman in mans dress, and appeared to be supported with much spirit. In the latter piece, an Englishmanlord was introduced; he was made to speak bad French, and sometimes exclaimed Gode dame. The piece, however was not very severe upon him us. A Gascons imposing upon him, and obtained an hundred guineas to assist in carrying off a lady, was the only part of it I understood; and did not like to inquire of my neighbours, fearing the piece was more satyrical than it was.
Friday 23. We (Mr. Pitot and myself) breakfasted with Mons. and Madame Deglos; and afterwards I returned home to write my journal. Captain Bergeret called upon me, to settle upon the parole to be given; and I wrote out the following.
"His Excellency, the captain-general De Caën, having given me "permission to reside at Wilhems Plains, at the habitation of Madame Darifat, I "do hereby

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"promise, upon my honour, not to go further than the distance of two leagues "from the said habitation, without his Excellencys permission; and to conduct "myself with that proper degree of reserve becoming an officer residing in a "country with whom his nation is at war: I will also answer for the proper "conduct of my two servant.

Town of Port N.W.Mattw. Flinders
Aug. 23. 1805

Mr. T. Pitot took me to dine with a Mr. Brunet, whose lady is his sister, and in the evening we again went to Mr. Frobervilles, to make a party of musick. Afterwards we went to wait upon Madame Darifat, the lady at whose house my residence is to be my abo is to be taken up. She has three daughters, who appear to be amiable, and the oldest of which speaks some English. It appears that Madame D. waits for the arrival of a son from Bourbon, before she goes with her family into the country. This son, it seems, was taken on his passage there by the Pitt, but being a passenger, was permitted to continue his voyage in an American, with whom the frigate fell in. His treatment on board that Pitt, was attentive, but it seems the care of the officers was not sufficient to prevent the seamen from making prey of some of his effects.
Before paying my respects to Madame Darifat, I called upon captain B. who introduced me to Mr. and Madame Saulnier, with whom I was invited to dinner tomorrow. Mr Saulnier Jun. a younger brother, told me he would write to his father-in -law in the country, who resides near the habitation of Madame Darifat, concerning me.
In the evening was a family party to play at Bouillote and sup. This game seems to be quite the rage in this island
Saturday 24. I went with captain B. and Mr. Ed. Pitot to dine with Mr. Saulnier, by appointment, and was treated with civility and attention, and offers of service. Afterwards, I called upon Mr. Chazal to take my leave before going to the country.
About 4, I set off for the country, accompanying nearly the whole of Mr Pitots family. At sunset we reached his country house, situated upon the side of the Grande Riviere, and about five miles from the town. Here we remained all night, the evening being passed at Bouillote as usual; and into which they inititiated me.-
Sunday 25. I rose early and went out with Messieurs Frederick and Robert Pitot (sons of Mr P. senior) to hunt shoot, about half a mile from the house, upon the skirts of a hill whose upper part was a forest. The dogs (small bandy-legged hounds) were sent into the woods whilst we remained upon the plain to shoot the hares that might be started by the dogs. There being much wind and no dew having fallen during the night, we were not very successful; but at last the dogs were in full cry upon the track, and soon after we saw [indecipherable] taking her way past us over the plain; but she was arrested by the shot of Frederick, and we returned home to breakfast.
The only game laws I hear of in this island is, that a man can hunt only upon his own estate, without the permission from those where he is desirous to go.
We walked to the side of the Grande Riviere, which is no other than a deep and wide chasm of one hundred 150 or 200 feet deep, at the bottom of which runs a small stream over the stones. In wet seasons, however, the water covers the whole bottom of th chasm, and runs with great violence, making several considerable descents in every branch which falls into it; and
Mr. Pitots plantation has a stream of water conducted through it, from an upper part of the nearest stream, and this I understand is generally the case with all the considerable plantations in the island. the districts of Pamplimouse and some northern parts of the island excepted.
The thermometer stood at 72º which is two or three degrees lower than in the town, though the distance is so inconsiderable
After breakfast, nearly the whole party, with Mr. and Mrs. Beyard , set off to accompany me some distance on the way. The roads are generally bad and very circuitous on account of the chasms which fall into the Grande Riviere, and over which bridges have not been constructed. We alighted from our asses (for they constituted the most considerable part of our monture cavalry) to look at a cascade, which fell about 40 or 50 feet, but not perpendicularly.
Four of five miles from Mr. Pitots we stopped at the Reduit, the government country house, now in a state of reparation for general De Caen. Our monture was left under the shade of a large banian tree, similar to those of Port Jackson, and we walked over the gover premises which contain shady walks fish ponds and some romantic prospects, and when in order, the Reduit will be a pretty place. The house is tolerably large, and has lodged 35 people, besides servants.
Mr. Thos. Pitot and Mr Beyard now left still accompanied me, and we now left the rest of the good family, after having taken a dinner upon the grass.
Our next stage was to the house of a Mr. Plumet, a respectable inhabitant who had formerly been an officer in the Mahratta service, and commanded in some successful actions against our forces in the East Indies. He received us with the hospitality, which it seems is not yet vanished from the Isle of France, though it is on the decline. We walked over his pl part of his

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plantation of 400 acres, to see his coffee trees, clove trees, fish pond, and improvements; and in the evening made a party at his billiard table
Monday 26. The morning before breakfast was occupied in walking over Mr. Plumets garden and plantation, and in the garden of Madame Frappée, his neighbour, which is laid out in a superior stile, with large fish ponds in it supplied by an artificial cascade. We were detained to dinner, though I was desirous to proceed, and the morning was again spent at the billiard table. It was 4 oclock before we set off for Mrs. Darifats house, which we were told was one league and a half distant; but our asses being but ill able to carry us even that distance in such bad roads, ascending and descending continually, and slippery with the rain that fell occasionally, we saw the sunset at the time a black man told us Mrs. D's house was about two leagues off, although by our account we had then come two leagues out of the one league and a half. My two companions knew very little of the way, and at seven o'clock, we stood still not know in a path leading through a wood, not knowing which way to go; and to mend the matter it was raining hard, and look thick all round. We agreed to turn back and go to a house we had passed a little to the left, and either remain all night, should the house not be that of Madame Darifat, or else take a guide. Mr Pitot went up to the first hut, and seeing an European sitting amongst some black people judged it must be my servant, who had come forward three two days before. He asked him in English if we had got to Mrs. D's house, and was answered in the same language that it was close by; upon which he called to me that we were all right; but it surprised me not a little to find instead of my servant, and Irishman, who had become an inhabitant here many years past. His name was Thomas Druse, and he civilly undertook to conduct us to Madame Darifats, which was not above half -quarter of mile off. Neither my servant nor baggage had arrived, but the overseer of the plantation, an intelligent black man, had received orders to accommodate us. We chose, however, to to go to the house of Mr. Chazal, 1 1/2 mile distant, were we arrived, with a guide, about half past eight, and there I found my servants and baggage, and the overseer in expectation of our arrival. A supper was provided for us, and beds, to which we gladly retired soon afterwards
Tuesday 27. After breakfast, the overseer (Mr. Peter Salomon) sent a company of blacks with my trucks and cases to Madame Darifats; and he called at a the house of Jean Barrow, a free black man, to inquire of his ability to furnish me with poultry, vegetables, eggs, milk &c. upon which interesting subjects we acquired some information. Jean Barrow seemed to have a tolerably good house and plantation, with 25 slaves; and he had a large family of half one-third-white children of his own having a mulattresse for his wife.
At Madame Darifats I took posession of two small pavilions, one for myself, the other for my servants; in preference to the principal house, which had been ordered for my reception. The good black overseer, according to his orders, was desirous of accomodating me with everything, and some things I was under the necessity of receiving, but as I was desirous of laying myself under as little obligation as possible, I took only some provision for the present day, and two or three articles of furniture. There seems to be no villages formed about the island, but the land is divided into single plantations; and what the plantations do not afford, is fetched from the town of the Grand Port N.W. with which all the principal planters have communication every day, both to carry their vegetables, and poultry, and other produce to the bazar, and bring back what is wanted; although I think the distance, by the circuitous way we came, and there is no better, cannot be less than 15 miles, and the roads are very bad in rainy weather, I should think impassable for any kind of carriage.
During the morning, we called upon Madame Cove, whose plantation borders upon that of Mrs. Darifat, to whom Mr. Pitot introduced me. Madame Cove is a widow, who resides mostly upon her plantation with her family, (but Mr Cove lives generally in town) which of which two daughters of about 15 years old made at present the principal part. She invited me kindly to come frequently, every day if I pleased, to dine and sup, and spend the morning or evening, in a neighbourly way, without ceremony; and here again, as often before, I found much embarrassment, from not speaking French; my friend Pitot, however, made my acknowledgement for her kindness, of which I promised to avail myself: the invitation was not the less agreeable for that the two young ladies were musicians and had good voices.
After dinner, Mr. Beyard and my friend Pitot left me to return to the Port; having done everything in their power, in a preparatory way, to make my situation comfortable and agreeable. Mr. P. took a memorandum of bread, butchers meat, and such other things as I should require daily, and which, the neighbourhood did not furnish, to send me from the bazar by the same conveyance as the habitation communicated with the town. The afternoon was spent in putting my little room into some order, fitting up my bed &c.
Wednesday 28. In the morning, I walked out looking about the plantation, and tracing the course of the stream of water behind the it; looking particularly for a convenient place to bathe in. In the afternoon, I renewed my acquaintance with the Bon homme Thomas Druse, who was preparing timber in the neighbourhood for building a house for Mr. Perichon in the town.
Thursday 29. After visiting the carpenter Mr Druse [indecipherable], I walked to Mr. Chazals farm and from Mr. Peter obtained a table and some vegetables to be sent me on the morrow.
I find the weather much colder here than I expected, and what is worse it is almost constantly raining

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1805 Augt. Thursday 29. After dinner I walked to Madame Coves. I found Mons. Murat her brother (lately commander of a merchant ship) and the two young ladies at home, and after walking about the garden and plantation, I drank tea with them. Friday 30 By the man who brought the provisions from the bazar I received a letter from Mr. T. Pitot, in which he says that an English frigate was off the Port, which had chased the Harriet privateer, and had taken and burnt a small coasting vessel.
Friday 30. After breakfast I walked to the house of Mad. Cove to invite Mr. Murat to take his dinner with me. He speaks no English, on which account I was more desirous of his company, for the sake of practising the little French I know: He dined with me and staid till the evening; the time being partly occupied in walking and conversing upon nautical subjects, upon which he seems well informed, having been in the voyage of Mons. Etienne Marchand, the account of which is published by Mr. Fleurieu.
At present my time is spent nearly thus. At 6 1/2 or 7 o'clock, I rise and walk to the stream behind the house and bathe, and by the time I have shaved and dressed it is eight oclock, I drink tea and coffee, and eat eggs and bread-and-butter in no small quantity, sometimes with radishes and salad. Afterwards I walk out for two hours, exploring the different roads, streams of water, and plantation in the neighbourhood; considering also on the French phrases, conjugations of verbs &c. which I have cast my eye over during breakfast.
At 11 or 12, I sit down to write, or to read French, or to musick, till dinner; I then eat heartily, and afterwards walk out either to make some call or look about till dusk. After tea, musick, reading, and walking before my pavilion occupy my time till eight oclock, when I sit down to supper and soon after go to bed. By this course of life, puddings, vegetables and milk forming the principal part of my food, I hope to recover my former health and strength; which, between the hardships of my voyage of discovery and subsequent imprisonment has been much deranged.
Saturday 31. I went to the house of Mr. Jean Barrow, a free black man in the neighbourhood, to purchase fowls, eggs and vegetables. The two latter I procured, at a cheap rate, and it was with difficulty he would take anything for the vegetables. I walked over a part of his farm with him, which as usual was planted with coffee trees, and a few cloves, with maize and vegetables.
Walking out in the evening by the path through the woods, leading to some newly cleared lands, in the I met Mr. Murat with the Mademoiselles Couves, who had been out gathering frambois (wild strawberries). The paths being dirty, the young ladies had gone out without stockings, on which account they were a little embarrassed when I met them. Mr. M. in order to tease them a little insisted, I believe, insisted upon my going home with them to drink tea. To take off their uneasiness I told Madame Couve, that at Saint Helena the young women frequently went without stockings, and sometimes without shoes, when at a distance from the town. I staid to play a round at Vingt-une in the evening
Sunday Sept. 1. I dined by invitation with Mr. and Madame Cove, the former having come from the town to pay a visit to his family. Mr. and Mrs. Boistel, inhabitants of the neighbourhood, and Mr. Prideaux were also there. I left them in the evening, not altogether in good humour, though I cannot tell why for every body was very civil

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1805 Sept. Monday 2. After breakfast I went to Madame Coves, to engage Mr. Murat to walk out with me to Mr. Giblot, the Commandant of the district, to whom I wished to pay a visit of ceremony, and also to learn the mode of obtaining provisions for my two men, for which Mr. Monistrol had sent me orders. I got a black man from Alaise (Madame D'Arifats homme de confiance) to conduct us, and finding the road lead near to Mr. Plumets, we called upon him, and dined there. He entertained us hospitably and promised to visit me in my retreat. There were at his house two French strangers, whom one of whom had come from India on the Thetis, cartel, as a prisoner, the other, by his conversation I judged, had been an emigrant from St. Domingo. He had been with general Maitland, at Jamaica, and with the Duke of York in Holland, and some years in England. After dinner, Mr. Murat and I paid our visit to the commandant, whom we found to be an elderly man, and in his bed. It appeared that he had not been advertised of my residence in his district. He said, that the provisions must be got from the town, there being no depot in this quarter. He said, if I had been nearer situated, he should have expected the pleasure of seeing me oftener; besides which he asked a few questions concerning the Cumberland and New Holland, and we then left him to return home. It was half past five, when we arrived and heartily tired we were, having walked about 5 French leagues (of 2500 toises each).
I found Mr. Boistel and Mr. Chevraux (brother by marriage to Mr. Chazal) expecting me, with an invitation to go out to sup with Mr. Chazal, who had come out to visit his plantation. I was a little fatigued, but Mr. Boistel offering me his horse, I accepted the invitation, and after drinking tea with Madame Cove and that family, went out to supper: where I was received by Mr. Chazal with his usual plain goodness. I remained all night.
Tuesday 3. After breakfast, I walked with Mr. Chazal to visit a part of his extensive plantation (the whole consisting of about 1000 acres) Towards the western limit we came to a steep descent, from which is a view of the sea; and from another part, we had a view of the head of a deep valley forming itself as an amphitheatre, in one part of which falls a cascade but which at present we did not visit. The prospect was indeed a fine one, for although the land of these plains is not uneaven, it is at the top of a mountain, which accounts for the great difference of climate Mr. Chazal assures me that between here and the town there is commonly a difference of 5° of Raumur and sometimes 7° or from 12° to 15° of Fahrenheits scale; and down in the valley to the westward and by the sea side it has is said to be still warmer than in the town. The low flat upon which we looked down, is called the Quartier des Tamarinds; and it is said, that for six months together there has scarcely been a drop of rain, whilst in Wilhelms Plains it has rained continually
Being a little fatigued I did not move out again today after my return from Mr. Chazal, but employed myself with the French grammar
Wednesday 4. After bathing and breakfasting as usual, I sat myself down to my French grammar, and to write a letter to my friends Pitot and Bergeret, with the former of whom I have kept a tolerably regular correspondence. At 1, I walked up to Madam Couves, and brought Mr. Murat back to dine with me. In the afternoon we went back for the ladies, and after a walk, they all came and drank tea in my pavilion, and played at cards till near 8 o'clock

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Sept. Thursday 5. Mr. Murat breakfasted with me by appointment, and we set off immediately afterwards to walk to the lake Vacoua or Vaqua, the distance to which is about 2 1/2 miles. We called upon a planter who lives near it, and he went with us. Upon the border there is another plantation, the property of a commander of a ship, who at present was gone to Madagascar to procure slaves to work his plantation, which was newly settled. In the house was a German named Charlovick, who offered his services when we chused to come and fish and shoot upon the lake. This Vacoua is an irregular piece of water, perhaps a mile long, but in some parts very narrow. I wished to walk round it, but was told that the borders, which are low, were at this time very muddy, and that at the best time, when the water was low, it would take four hours. The lake is surrounded by gently sloping hills, from which there falls, as we were told, seven or eight little streams into the lake. Although the lake is situated in a valley, it is to be remembered, that it is very high above the sea, perhaps not less than 3200 fathoms. It is the source of three streams called here rivers: the Riviere des Tamarinds, which forms the cascade mentioned on the 3rd., the Riviere du Rempart, and (I believe) the Riviere Noir des Papayes which falls into the sea at the S.W. end of the island. The branches that wind round and through the plantations of M. Darifat and M,. Couve, form a part of the Riviere des Rempart Papayes and originate from this lake. Our first conductor (whose vol indefatigability of tongue I could not but have admired had he not stopped us continually on the road to attend to him) informed us that the lake contained three species of fish, besides eels; that the last were sometimes of monstrous size, and he had seen one weighing twenty two eighty four pounds. In the middle of the lake he said there were from twenty to twenty-five fathoms of water; but he spoke of another lake, called the Grande Bassin which had been sounded, and found to eig have more than eighty fathoms in it. From the depth of water, and formation of the land around Lake Vacoua, I suspect it has formerly been the crafter of a volcano; but at present I have not examined sufficiently about it to form a decisive opinion. - I proposed with Mr. Murat to visit the lake again in a few days, provided with fishing tackle and guns, and to explore round it in a canoe. I wish to ascertain whether the quantity of water which falls in, equals that which runs out of the lake, and from thence to know if there is any spring in it.
We returned to dinner at Madame Couves. Note. I think I perceive more pleasure in the countenances of the family when I depart than when I arrive: except in Mr. M. Mem. To be more sparing of my visits.
Friday 6. In the morning I walked downwards along the course of the stream that runs through the plantation, and was surprised to find it ran but little further, being absorbed gradually in its bed. Higher up I found it increase, and in the plantation of Mr. Chevreau, which borders upon this it is a regular stream of some width and depth; the current there, however, is scarcely perceptible. I found I black woman catching a small kind of shrimp in a handkerchief, which she said was for the ducks: Mr. C.s man said there were eels and chevrets (a species of bearded fish of a red colour) large shrimps in the river, but that higher up, where it was deeper, they were more abundant and larger.
It is surprising to see, how, in some parts, the roots of the trees are spread over the whole surface of the earth; occasioned probably by the solid rock being at a small distance underneath. There is one species of tree, however, which seems to have a greater

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propensity to sur-racinate in this manner than others; and its roots are not round, but perhaps eight or ten inches high whilst they are not more than two thick. My remarks upon the forests in general, the nature of the soil, and the manner of clearing it for cultivation here, as also the management of the coffee trees &c. I reserve for distinct heads, hereafter, when I shall have made further observations
Received a friendly letter from Mr. Pitot, but had previously written one speaking of Mme. Cs family, and in the highest terms.
Saturday 7. Did not go out today, except to take a little walk in the evening; my time being employed in translating French into English and retranslating it.
Sunday 8. Walked to Mr. Chazals, and borrowed a fowling piece from Mr. Peter and on my return found a shot belt, powder horn, and shot, and some fish hooks sent me by Mr. Pitot agreeable to my request
Walked up to Mde. Couves to inquire after the ladies, and proposed a party for them to lake Vacouas, which was agreed to: drank tea with them.
Monday 9. A windy rainy day. Did not stir out except to trace the effect of the rain upon the stream that runs through the plantation, and part of which is conducted into a fish pond: Wrote a letter of some length to Mr. Pitot; speaking of Mde. C's family and of Bass.
Tuesday 10. Windy and rainy still. Walked up to Mde. C's, and leftited an invitation for Mr. Murat to come to dinner. Recd. a letter from Mr. P. with an inclosed letter of introduction to Mr. Martin Monchamp, an inhabitant of this district, written by a person named Chardoillet to whom I am a perfect stranger. Mr. M. dined with me, and I attempted to gain some instruction from him upon French pronunciation. - All this day I have found myself unwell, either from a cold or from an approaching fit of the gravel. At 8, I went to bed in a cold shaking fit.
Wednesday 11. The weather still windy, rainy, and very cold; which last I feel very much in my little pavilion, from the wind piercing through it on all sides. My health very indifferent as yesterday, so that I did not stir out. In the evening, got some charcoal brought into the pavilion in an iron pot, which I borrowed from Alaise, Mde. D's homme de confiance. Went to bed with some fever on me
Thursday 12. The weather rainy occasionally to day, with a fresh wind from the southward as usual. Received a long letter from my friend Pitot, but as yet no letter from captain Bergeret. In the evening walked up to Mde. Couves, and drank tea there.
Friday 13. The weather finer today, but it rained occasionally in the latter part. Mr. Murat visited me in the evening, and we had a good deal of conversation upon nautical subjects, especially the subject of the variation changed with the ships head which I had communicated to him, and which seemed to interest him a good deal.
Saturday 14. Rainy most of the night and again this morning, but with little wind. Recd. a letter from my friend Pitot, with the news of the Port. - These last few days I have partly employed myself in writing up the second volume of my log book from for the Admiralty; but the want of my last little log book, which the general still retains, will prevent me from making much progress with it
In walking out this evening I passed a place where there were an extraordinary number of birds collected. It was by the side of a stream where there were tall bamboos growing and on both sides, and near them some high timber trees where the ground was uncleared and almost inaccessible. The birds seemed to be all of one species, nearly resembling a thrush but with some black and white about them; they are called Mina or Martin. They appeared to have collected here from all the neighbouring parts and where still collecting till sunset, when I left them, apparently for the purpose of passing the night in society and in a safe place: for I heard them one evening before. They were exceedingly noisy, as if in earnest debate, but all seemed to be talkers, and I

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1805 Sept. Saturday 14. continued
I think their numbers where somewhere between two and ten thousand. I stood some time considering their actions, numbers, and the accession which was constantly making from all directions; and thought this one of the most curious circumstances I have seen here, especially when it is recollected, that these birds are not met with in any considerable numbers in the woods, or even upon the plantations. Of this species of bird there were several frequented the jardin Despeaux, and being unmolested for a long time by us had become considerably tame, so as to hop along in the walks before us, as blackbirds are sometimes seen to do in places in England where the are undisturbed by the schoolboy or the gun
Sunday 15. The weather still rainy, so that I scarcely went out today; and saw nobody.
Monday 16. About 10 I was surprised to see a gentleman come riding up; it proved to be Mr. Plumet who had come to pay me a friendly visit. He stopped to dine, and returned soon after 3 o'clock though the weather was rainy. He invited me to pass some days with him, and as an inducement, mentioned the crater of a volcano in the neighbourhood, of a considerable depth. I learn from him that Mr. Martin Moncamp lives about half a league further from hence than he does. Mr. P. also offered to introduce me to Madame Airolles, the mother of Mdes. Chazal and Chevreau, who lives in his neighbourhood. - The weather was very wet and cold in the evening
Tuesday 17. I rose tolerably early and went out to walk before breakfast, though the weather was rainy and the paths very dirty. - During the day I employed myself principally, as usual, in writing the second volume of my log-book for the admiralty.
In the evening I walked out to visit my neighbour, whom I had not seen for near a week. I met the whole family going out, in the following order. First, Madame, with her youngest daughter, about 6 years old, in a palankin, with Mr. Boistel walking by the side of it - Next, Mademoiselle ainée, about 16, mounted astride upon an ass, with her younger sister, about 7, behind her also astride. Third, Mademoiselle her sister, about 15, mounted upon Mr. Boistels horse, also astride: and two or three black servants carrying an umbrella, lanthorn &c. bringing up the rear. Note, the two young ladies had stockings on today, and for what I know drawers also: they seemed to have occasion for them. Madame stopped on seeing me, and I paid my compliments and made the usual enquiries. She said, Monsieur was not arrived at the habitation as was expected; having gone to another plantation today in another part of the island; but she expected him tomorrow or the next day, with another gentleman who spoke English; and she should then be glad to see me to dinner. She said they were taking a promenade, going to visit a neighbour, and on they set. I could perceive the two young ladies will were a little ashamed of meeting me, and were cautious to keep their coats well down to their ankles, which was no easy thing. I stood looking after and admired the procession some time; and considereding it a fair specimen of Going to visit a neighbour the manner in which the gentry of the island, who are not very well provided with conveyances, make visits in the country. I wished much to be able to make a sketch of the procession; it would have been as good, with the title "Going to see our neighbour" under it, as the vicar of Wakefields family "Going to church".
Wednesday 18. The morning being finer than usual, I walked out after breakfast with Elder to Mr. Chazals plantation, where Mr. Pierre joined us, and conducted us to a place where we had a good view of the Cascade de la riviere du Tamarinds. The cascade consists of three principal descents one immediately after the other, which at the distance we were off appeared to be from twenty to fifty feet each. We looked over a part of the deep valley to it, and certainly the view is altogether one of the finest I ever saw. I was desirous to go round the cascade itself, but Mr. Pierres business did not permit him to go with us at present, but he proposed to set off early tomorrow morning, which I gladly agreed to; Having only to regret that I was not able to make a drawing of the view I had already seen. One of Mde. Darifats dogs followed us, and he found out two monkeys in the woods, one of which we saw of a considerable size running along the branches of the high trees, from one tree to another. Had I taken my gun, he might have been killed, which would have been doing a service to Mr. Chazals plantations for they steal the Maize, plantains, and other fruits, sometimes so as to do much mischief. Thursday 19. This morning being tolerably fine, I went to visit the cascade of the Tamarind River, accompanied by Mr. Pierre; the distance by a path through the woods being about 21/2 or 3 miles. This river is one of the most considerable streams I have seen in the island, but at present the water that runs down it is not very great, perhaps not more in the solid than two feet broad by two deep, but it runs rapidly. The upper cascade which was the first we now visited, falls from near the level of these plains about 70 or 75 perpendicular into a deep hole or pool, evidently fathered by the fall of the water, and appears to be deep; it is about 30 yards in diameter. We walked round and got down into the bed of the river below this first cascade, and from thence it was, that by the estimation of from 12 to 14 mens heights to the top, I calculate the fall. This first cascade was not visible from my station yesterday; but following the course of the river about 400 yards, and after its being joined by another stream on the right we came to the second cascade, the uppermost seen yesterday. From appearance I should take this cascade to be not less than two-hundred feet, and a stone of three pounds weight took from three to 31/2 seconds before it reached the water below from two experiments. This is an uniform and very beautiful fall of water, but we could not descend to the bottom to have a complete view of it. Correcting my judgment of the height of the other two cascades made yesterday by what I found today, I should suppose roughly, that the third

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fall may be 70 feet and the fourth an hundred and fifty. So that within the space of half a mile, the water descends here by four precipices, nearly four-hundred feet, besides the sloping of the intermediate parts, which is very considerable. The three last of these cataracts only are visible from any one point of view that I have yet found, but in the time of heavy rains, when the volume of water is increased, from appearances, not less than fifty fold the prospect must indeed be grand. The height of the first cataract above the level of the sea is probably not less than 1200 feet; and by the course of the river the sea may be about seven or eight miles from it; but for near five of those miles it runs through a low flat plain, the quartier des Tamarinds, and perhaps not descending more in that distance than 100 feet; consequently in the other two or three miles it must descend about 14100 feet, which is a descent rarely to be paralleled in any part of the world. - The principal part of this river, which falls down the first precipice, according to Mr. Pierre has its origine in the Grande Bassin; and the stream which joins it on the right, between the first and second fall, in the Mare du aux Vacouas. There are said to be fish, and particularly eels of a large size in some of the deep holes in the Riviere des Tamarinds. Mr. Plumet assured me, the other day, that an eel had been brought to him by two black men to be sold, which they carried upon a bamboo like a cask of beer and demanded four dollars for it, which weighed 90 pounds (quartre-vingt-dix livres). He says that these eels will seize a man in the water, as does Mr. Pierre; though Mr. Chazal, who has often bathed in these deep places and seen others do it, never knew of any accident, and thinks none have ever happened. - We went out today prepared to shoot monkeys, but only one was seen by Mr. Pierre, upon the rocks in the stream which falls into the river from the Mare du aux Vacouas, and he scampered off into the wood too quick for us who, at that time, were not prepared for him. We got home about half past one o'clock; having set out before nine
Friday 20. This morning I mostly employed in writing a letter to Mr. Pitot, in answer to one brought me from him by way of Mr. Chazals. Mr. Pierre sent me a mess of pease with the letter. In the afternoon I walked out with the dogs and my gun to take another view of the cascade des Tamarinds from the opposite side of the valley, and to search for other places to view it from; but could find none so good as the first. I saw nothing to shoot.
Saturday 21. I provided myself for fishing and shooting, and with my servant went to the Mare du aux Vacouas to spend the day, if I should find inducements. We went by the same path I had before gone, with Mr. Murat finding it very readily. Mr. Charlovick, the resident upon the bank of the lake was out; nothing had been done to the canoe, to make it fit for use; and from not being able to get at the deep water, and perhaps not being provided with good bait, and some want of skill we did not even get a bite. After walking about the borders of the lake, searching for good places to fish and something to shoot, I determined to go and try our fishing in the Riviere du Tamarinds near the cascades. We endeavoured to cut across a nearer way and came to the river, but it was very high up, not more, or perhaps so much as two miles from the lake, but it was a considerable stream, and we saw some of the little red damserais damecerés in it, which we were told came out of the lake with the water. This place however not answering our purpose, and there being no direct path from there to the cascades we were obliged to return near home and take the path from thence; we found, however, a new and shorter way, which came about a quarter of a mile to the south of Mde. D's plantation, and then took the path to the cascades Mr. Pierre had shown us before. We reached the cascade at 3 o'clock, and dined at the foot of it; but this was still another than that we had seen the day before, being in the stream that came into the other on the right hand going down, between the first and second cascades. That stream I had before supposed to be less than the branch which is said to come from the Grand Bassin, but I made it my business to see them both today, and find it is the largest by at least 3 to 2. It is the junction of these two that forms the river, above the second and largest water-fall. The two upper cascades, one in each branch, are not more than three or four hundred yards from each other, and the junction of the arms, is about 250 yards fr below each cascade: the fall of the water in each seems to be nearly the same height, about 70 or 75 feet.
For an hour-and-half, we tried our hooks and lines in the deep holes under the two upper cascades, and some other deep parts below them, but with no better success than at the Mare aux Vacouas, and we returned home about half after five oclock, a little weared, having altogether walked from 12 to 14 miles. The only produce of our days sport being a little dove, and a mina which I had shot going to the lake Vacouas.
I found at home a little present of sweet cakes of maize rice from Mde. C. which was a mark of attention I did not at this time expect.
For these last several days, we have had little or no rain, so that I have been able to take exercise, and I have not lost the opportunity. According to the report, we are to have no more rain, of any continuance, for some time.
Sunday Sept. 22. After breakfast I walked up to Madame Couves to pay my compliments and thank her for her little present; but I found the whole family were gone out to the Mare Vacouas. This surprised me a little since it had been agreed that I should accompany them; and I suspect, there is some misunderstanding between us upon this subject

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Sunday Sept 22. After dinner I went out to fish in the Riviere du Tamarin, some distance miles above the cascades, where the river is wide and deep. Alaise went with me for a guide, and he caught three large shrimps (chevrettes) with a snare, but with our hooks and lines we caught nothing
Monday 23. After breakfast, I again walked up to Mde Couves in order to understand the footing I was still upon there. It appeared it was to the Cascades and not to the lake Vacouas that they had been making a visit. I found Mr. Murat had just returned from the town and I engaged him to dine with me on the morrow.
Today I wrote to Mr. Monistrol upon the subject of my two mens provisions, not having
Tuesday 24. Wrote to Mr. Monistrol upon the subject of my two mens provisions, not having received yet any answer from captain Bergeret: I wrote a note also to capt. B. These had been dispatched but two hours, when I received a letter from Mr. Pitot inclosing one from captain Bergeret, wherein he informed me that Monsieur le Préfet agreed to allow three piastres in lieu of the ration of provisions for each man, this being the established value and allowance, from which they never varied.
The bons I received for the two men for the last month and 5 complementary days, were for 105 lbs of bread, 35 lbs of beef, and 83/4 lbs of legumes (beans), which according to the Préfets estimation will come to seven piastres; a valuation much below the truthin this island if the provisions were fit to eat good. When Mr. Murat came to dine he said, that Madame Couve complained of the infrequency of my visits; I, therefore, explained to him why I had gone so seldom, and he seemed confident I had misunderstood her, concerning the arrival of Mr. Couve. I returned with Mr. M. to tea, and was received, I thought, more cordially than before; and a party was agreed upon to the Mare aux Vacouas on Thursday morning should the weather be fine
Thursday 26. This morning I accompanied Mde. Couve, her four daughters, and Mr. Murat to the Mare aux Vacouas. We provided ourselves with necessaries for la chasse et la pêche, but caught nothing. We had however an agreeable day, dined under the trees and returned before sunset. I afterwards drank tea, and supped with them upon some fish that a black had caught for us. The canoe was in its former state, but we tried it and found that when a little dried, two persons might go out upon the lake in it to fish.
Saturday 28. At noon, I walked out towards the town expecting to meet my friend Thom. Pitot according to agreement; but not meeting him after four miles, I returned. At 5, he arrived with Mr. Eugene Leguen to dinner. In the evening an invitation came from Madame Couve to me to dine there on Sunday (tomorrow) and if Mr. P. and his friend were arrived, from for them also. They declined the invitation for tomorrow, intending to set off early on their return; but we invited ourselves to tea this evening; and I requesting Mr. Murat to join our dinner party.
Sunday 29. We walked out round Madame D's plantation before breakfast, and afterwards to take a walk by Mr. Chazals to take a view of the cascades du Tamarin and of the sea. I afterwards prevailed upon them to remain all night. - In the evening we visited Madame Couve and her family, drank tea, made a party at vingt-un, and supped; in company with Mr. and Mde. Bostel.
Monday 30. My friends took an early breakfast and left me at 6 o'clock. - I remained at home all this day to give rest to my leg, which had received a slight contusion upon the shin bone - I took advantage of friend Pitots presence to improve myself a little in some points relative to the French grammar, and usage of expression
Tuesday, Oct. 1. Received a letter from captain Burmide of the cartel Clyde; and seeing an opportunity of procuring some things of which I was in want, I wrote a letter to him and sent Elder, my servant, to the town with it, as also to execute some other little commissions.
Wednesday 2. Madam Couve sent me a second present of pease this morning.- My time at present is partly employed in reading French books (La Fontaine and Voltaire) and in writing the second volume of my log book for the admiralty.
Thursday 3. This evening I paid a visit to, and drank tea with, my neighbours, and was highly gratified with an overture performed by one of the young ladies upon the piano-forte, which they had just received from the town. Elder returned this evening from the town, having obtained a part of what I wanted, but for which captain Burmide refused to accept any payment
Friday 4. This morning I had a visit from my friend Bergeret, who stopped until the evening. We paid a visit to the place from whence is the best view of the cascade; and in the afternoon to the upper cascades themselves. Captain B. gives me hopes of the speedy arrival of the arrival of an officer with dispatches from France, which shall terminate my captivity, I have, however, been so often deceived in my expectations of this kind, that I no longer rest confidence in this kind of hopes, or in the French government: if they had felt the injustice they were doing me, an order would have arrived before this for my release.
I cannot say that, at present, I am very unhappy. Time has soffened my dis-appointments, I have my books, am making acquisitions in knowledge, enjoy good health, and innocent amusements for which I have still a relish, and look forward to the hope of overcoming all objections and difficulties with honour to myself; and to this I add, with heart-felt pleasure, that the consciousness of being perfectly innocent of anything that ought to have caused the suspicions that have been or are entertained against me. I fear no no discovery, on the thorough examination of my papers or myself; I have nothing to hide

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Sunday Sept. Oct. 6. I had a visit this morning from Mr. Couve and Mr. Murat, who breakfasted with me; and brought me an invitation to dine with them, which I accepted, and staid till ten o'clock in the evening. Sunday is not the least objection here, to the formation of card parties
Note. The little fresh-water fish which I have called damserais damsecérés, were first brought from China by a Mr. Ceré who is still living; and they have by some means taken the name of Madam seré Ceré or damseré dameceré. They appear already to be spr inhabit all the considerable fresh water streams in the island; probably, from having been put in the Grand Bassin and in the Mare Vacouas, whence the streams originate.
Monday 7. This morning I saw the red flag up, on the signal hill; and in the afternoon I learnt by a letter from my friend Pitot, that a vessel was off with a flag of truce, which proved to be the same frigate which had appeared off about a month since. She came now to land prisoners which she had taken in vessels at Madagascar and Roderiguez.
Tuesday 8. This morning the red flag was down, but an embargo pendant was hoisted
Wednesday 9. Madame D'Arifat, her three daughters, and two young sons arrived this morning at the habitation. This morning was rainy, and they were all wet. I dined with them by invitation
Thursday 10. I received a proposal from Madame D. to live with her family, but which I declined: see private letter-book of this date. This morning again I see the red flag up on the signal hill. It seems as if Sir Edwd. Pellew was determined to keep one or more cruizers always hovering about the island; which will be an exceedingly great annoyance to the trade of the French here; much worse than a squadron which should blockade for two or three months and then go away for six or eight. A letter from Mr. Pitot tells me it is the same frigate, the Duncan, who had gone off for a day or two in order to deceive them.
I accompanied Mad. D. and her family this evening upon a visit to Mr. Chevreau, who had arrived at his habitation a few days since, with his wife: We also visited Madame Couve.
Friday 11. The red flag still up this morning. I commenced today what is to be a regular course of study. Writing and reading French under the correction of the two eldest young ladies, whilst they do the same in English to me. I find we are pretty nearly equal in our acquaintance with each others language
Saturday 12. The red flag was down this morning, and the frigate therefore, as I suppose, out of sight: the pendant was up that sp bespeaks an embargo being laid upon ships in the port.
Sunday 13. The embargo pendant was not up this even morning. Today I accompanied our family on a visit to dinner at the house of Mr. Chevreau; where we met the two young ladies from Mad. Couves. In the evening of It struck me what an acquisition it would be to our colony at Port Jackson, to have these five young, healthy, and agreeable young ladies transported there. They would not remain long unmarried; whilst in this island they will scarcely obtain husbands: Young women are much more abundant than young men here.
After our return in the evening, Madame was a little inquisitive concerning my voyages, the causes of my imprisonment here, my shipwreck, and finally of my family in England; in all which I satisf she seemed to take much interest. I satisfied the inquiries by producing such papers as best elucidated the heads of the different subjects, and giving the necessary additional information; but I added nothing more than answered the questions: I did not say, that amongst my other grievances I had a beloved wife in England who was expecting my return in sickness and in tears; because I saw that the scene would become too interesting, and oblige me to retire. Madame and her amiable daughters said much to console me, and seemed to take it upon themselves to dissipate my chagrin, by engaging me in innocent amusements and agreeable conversation. - I cannot enough be grateful to them for such kindness, to a stranger, to a foreigner, to an enemy of their country for such they have a right to consider me if they will, though I am an enemy to no country in fact, but as it opposed the honour, interest and happiness of my own. My employments and inclinations lead to the extension of happiness and of science, and not to the destruction of mankind
Monday 14. This morning I was surprised with the visit of Mr. Boand the Swiss gentleman, of whom mention has been frequently made in the early part of this journal. He breakfasted and dined with me, and returned to the Port in afternoon, on foot; having obligingly come out solely to visit me. I spent the evening in company with Mad. D'Arifat and her agreeable family, as usual.
Tuesday 15. Early in the morning I set off in company with Mr. Murat to visit the Grand Basin, the distance to which we found to be about 7 miles by the road to the southward. We took Elder my servant, Mad. D'Arifats man Alaise for a guide, and two other black men. We found the road very bad, particularly after we had passed the Riviere du Poste, there being no habitation beyond two-fifths of the road. We found a hut there which the chasseurs have built for their convenience on the borders of the bassin. The bassin, speaking generally, is nearly circular and from one-third to half a mile in diameter. There is a small island in it, though not in the middle, to which it is said the deer swim off when they are hard chased. One one side of the basin, where the hut stands, the trees have been cut down formerly, which

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1805 October - Tuesday 15 - continued
Alaise tells me was done by a body of soldiers who were encamped here during the government of the French East India company; the borders of the lake are every where else thickly covered with wood. - After we had breakfasted, we ascended the Piton, a little hill which stands on the south-west side of the basin, and from which (the basin being nearly in the highest part of the island, peaked hills excepted) we had a view of the sea for near three-fourths round the compass; the Grand Port, the little islands off it, and the neighbouring parts were most particularly visible there being no hills of any height in the way. The hills at the S.W. end of the island, the mountain of the Corps de Guarde, the Pouce and neighbouring peaks, as well as the mountain of the three islets, north of the Grand Port, where higher than this piton. - I saw distinctly, that at least one-half of the island was still occupied by woods. Our black man Alaise, who is notwithstanding a sensible man, hearing me say something about seeing the sea horizon of the sea over several high hills, observed, "ma foi, oui, the sea is much higher yet than we h are."
When we descended from the piton, we coasted round the lake by the waters edge, for I wished to know where the rivers which are said to arise from it took their source; but in passing round thus we saw not one. I observed a good deal of the stone to be ferruginous, and this part seemed to have once been in a liquid state. Most of the other stone was full of small holes something in the manner of a honey comb, and when struck was sonorous. I suppose it to be imperfect basaltes: its colour is an iron grey. From the top of the piton, I saw that the depth of the basin must be very considerable, and that it descended off from the sides usually in a steep precipice. I have been told by several people that in the deepest part there are more than eighty fathoms in it. It contains eels, some of which are said to be so large as to carry down a deer; and there are chevrettes, or shrimps of a large size.
At a little distance from the borders of the basin, the country in some parts is considerably lower than the level of the water in the basin; but the bank that contains seems to be no where less than about 200 yards in breadth; yet I found the water in one part ouzing through in a brisk stream, and forming the commencement of what is here called a river, and which is said to fall into the sea in the quarter of Savanna, probably the same into which I put went with my little schooner. The Riviere Noire, the Riviere du Poste, and that du Tamarind, are said to have the same origin.
It appears to me that the Grand Bassin has been the crater of a volcano. That the loose masses of stone of which form the border, though now covered over with vegetable earth and timber, yet, below, they permit the water to pass through and form these streams. There must necessarily be a spring in the bottom of the basin; for although, as was evident by the shore, the water is sometimes higher than at present by three or four feet; perhaps in the time of heavy rains, yet it is never much lower than at present, and these streams are still always draining from it, whilst for many months together not a drop falls into it scarcely. The water is perfectly fresh and good. - Upon the borders we found growing citrons in abundance; and there was a species of fig which grows out of the stem of the tree, which I had before noticed in New Holland. The variety of plants was considerable, and there were some that possibly do not exist any where else; by this time, however, they must be well known and have been described
After returning from the circuit of the lake and dining, we made excursions in search of game; but our produce was only three pigeons, a monkey and some chevrettes: It came on to rain in the evening
Wednesday 16. We had showers of rain in the night, and very thick bad weather in the morning. Our men when went out, nevertheless to the chase, but brought back only a few chevrettes from a deep hole in one of the little streams. At noon, we set off to return but did not get home till near four oclock, being led about by the barking of our dogs after monkeys.- There must be a considerable number of wild hogs about, we found marks of them, almost everywhere in the woods.
Thursday 17. and 18. These two days I staid within occupying myself with my French every morning under my two fair instructers, and in the evening in conversation with the family.
Saturday 19. At noon, Mr. Edwd. Pitot, the brother of my friend Thomas, came from the port to see me. In the evening Madam D. and her family accompanied us on a walk to a place whence there is a pview of the sea over the quarter of Tamarinds, and of some of the abo cascades above in the valley.
Tuesday 20. Before breakfast we went out to take another view of the cascades and of the sea, and Mr. P. made two designs. After breakfast we went out again, and he made two other designs of the scene from the point of view of last night. We were engaged to dine with Mr. Couve and Mr. Laverne, the latter of whom professed to have come from the port to see me

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Monday Oct. 21. We breakfasted early and set off upon an excursion to the cascades of the Riviere du Tamarins. We descended below the three upper cascades and at each of which Mr. Pitot made a view, after which we found it too late to descend below the last to the bottom of the valley. The grand cascade which from the top I had supposed to be 200 feet high, from the bottom I saw was not more than 120 or perhaps 100; the last cascade I suppose to be 80 or 100 correcting it in the same proportion.-
Whilst Mr. P. was making his view from the top of the grand cascade, I descended underneath, into a cavern, or rather hollow h under the cliff, but saw nothing there curious. The water of the cascade was projected from over my head to a considerable distance before me: There were many martlets flying under the cliffs, where they appeared to have nests, but I did not see any. In some parts, the stone is perpendicularly stratified, but in general it is in great masses without any particular form or inclination.
Whilst waiting for my friend, I made some reflexions upon the progress of nature formation of these cascades. It appeared to me that originally there had been only one great cascade or declivity at the mouth of the valley, but that the water draining through the crevices of the rock above caused pieces to fall down, forming another cascade. The same thing happening further and further back in the course of time, has brought them to what we now find them; and it is still going on. A large mass will soon fall from the top of the grand cascade into the basin below and its height will be there by decreased. The regular progress then is, that the cascades should diminish in height and increase in number. The masses that fall, are carried to the low land or to the sea, the cut of the river, which is the valley, becomes deeper, the sides fall in and are also carried out to the sea, and thus nature proceeds in reducing all things to a level as well in the moral as the physical world. The greater the inequalities are, (the higher the mountains are above the valleys, or that kings are above other men) the more is a sudden fall or revolution to be apprehended. The steep mountains cannot retain its vegetable earth on the sides, it is washed into the vallies to raise them; but those that have a more gentle slope will retain a part, and do not diminish near so fast; nor is any violent change to be apprehended from the breaking off of masses, as from the steep mountains.
From reflexion of this sort, which I pursued much further, I passed to the vicissitudes of my own life. I was born in the fens of Lincolnshire where a hill was is not to be seen for many miles, at a distance from the sea, and my family unconnected with sea affairs or any kind of enterprise or ambition. After many incidents of fortune and adventure, I found myself a commander of in the Royal Navy, having been charged with an arduous expedition on discovery; have visited a great variety of countries, made three times the tour of the world; find my name known in more kingdoms than that where I was born, with some degree of credit; and this moment a prisoner in a mountainous island in the Indian Ocean, lying under a cascade in a situation very romantic and interior, meditating upon the progress which nature is continually making towards a moderate degree of equality in the physical and moral worlds; and in company with a foreigner, a Frenchman, whom I call, and believe to be, my friend.
In returning by a straight road, climbing the mountain from the lower cascade, our dogs found a monkey upon the top of tree at the edge of descent; which, on our coming up took a leap to the top of another tree lower down: not less I think than 40 feet. I was not prepared to fire upon him.
Tuesday 22. I could not prevail upon Mr. P. to stay any longer with me: and therefore accompanied him to Mr. Chazals house where he expected to obtain a horse or an ass to return upon. We breakfasted there; but Mr. C. afterwards prevailed upon him to make a little excursion for the purpose of taking a view, and to remain all day with him. I did not chuse to go with them, not being prepared for anything of the kind, but promised to return to dine with them. which In the evening after dinner, my servant came to me with a letter from my friend Pitot, inclosing other from England from my beloved wife, Sir Joseph Banks, Mr. Robertson, and some of my relations, from whom Mr. R. had been so good as to collect and forward them by an American brig, which arrived here this morning from London. The latest letter is dated July 20. 1805.- From these letters I learn the very desirable intelligence of my family, and from Sir Joseph the prospect of an order being given for my liberation, by the interference of the National Institute. - Immediately upon the receipt of these letters, I hastened home to read them, for when I have any thing that touches me very closely, solitude is preferrable to any company, especially of strangers.
Wednesday 23. Mr and Mad. Chazal and Mr. & Mmd. Chevreaux, and Mr. Bartel dined today with Masd. D'arifat and I also was invited -At After having read my letters, yesterday I joined Mad. D's family, as usual, and communicated to them the heads of my intelligence, they being so kind as to take an interest in everything that concerns me; and I had a convenient opportunity of disclosing some particulars of my family which I wish them to know. I was not disappointed in believing they would be interested; they congratulated me very sincerely upon my happiness

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1805 October Wednesday Tuesday 22
Mr. & Mad. Chazal and Chevreau and Mr. Bartel dined today with Mad. D'Arifat; and I also was invited and spent an agreeable day. We all drank tea in the evening with Mr Chevreau, and afterwards paid a short visit to Mad. Couve
Thursday 24 Wednesday 23. Having formed a little fishing party to the mare de Vacouas for the amusement of Mad. D's two young sons, I invited proposed to the young ladies to go also, and as they go scarcely anywhere without Mama I proposed the same to her, and it was acceded to by all parties We set off after breakfast at half past 7. accompanied by Mr. Murat, caught about two dozen small damescerrés, dined under the trees, and returned at half past five in the evening. I found a long letter from my friend Pitot, detailing all the principal intelligence which had been spread in the town from the American brig which came from London and which seemed to have been rendered palatable to the French taste, according to the American custom
Thursday 24. Two days I had made a proposal to Madame D'Arifat to bring myself and forty piastres per month to her table; and this morning she gave me an answer in the affirmative; for which see private letter book. Accordingly I dined with her family today.- She had before made me an offer to live with her without expense, which I declined; but I find the family so very agreeable and interesting, that I am become desirous of being as much with them as possible
Friday 25. At present I rise every morning with the sun and go out to bathe in the river, which is tolerably cool work; afterwards I dress, and either accompany the ladies in a walk round the plantation to visit their poulaillers; or read till half past seven, which is the usual breakfast time. After breakfast, I retire to my pavilion to read and write for two or three hours; after which I take my dictionary and grammar some paper and a book, and translate French into English, and English into French, and read French under the correction of Mesdemoisselles Delphine and Sophie; and they do the same in English to me: these last until or very near dinner time; which is at two o'clock. After dinner I read and write, or sometimes walk, and sometimes sleep until the about 5 o'clock, when I join the ladies again, either in a walk, or in conversation before the house. After tea, which is usually served at half past six, we retire to the parlour for the evening, which is passed in reading French and English, in conversation, or sometimes in singing and flute playing, or sometimes at cards. At nine we sup, and at ten retire to bed; where the agreeable employments of the day often occupy so much of my thoughts as to prevent me from sleeping. - This is the manner in which my days pass at present, when nothing intervenes.
This day, as also Saturday 26 and Sunday 27, were thus occupied, except that in the latter evening I paid a visit to and drank tea with Mad. Couves family. This I did more as an acknowledgment of their former attention to me, than from inclination; for my evenings are more agreeably spent at home with our own family.
Monday 28. I wrote letters to my friends Pitot and Bergeret to be dispached by Elder whom I propose to send to town to procure me some few necessaries I have occasion for
Tuesday 29. Elder set off very early in the morning, and returned again by ten in the evening; bringing me letters from my friends Pitot and Bergeret. - Mr P. it seems has received 60 7/10 piastres for my last months subsistence, but not 13 which which are due for that of my two men
Tuesday 29 Wednesday 30. We had a rainy morning, although rain is very uncommon at this time of the year; and it continued the same all day.
Thursday 31. The weather continued still rainy, but was afterwards finer
Friday Nov 1. The Semillante it appears is arrived from Manilla, having had an action with La Virginie, and the Albatross, but had escaped them. Report says also that the Marengo and Belle Poule has had an action with two of our ships, but that they had a drawn battle.
Saturday Nov 2. Sunday 3. A fire happened this morning at Madame Couves. I was walking out and heard the bell ringing, but did not know the cause of it until my return, when I learnt from Mad. D. that it was the established signal for calling the neighbours to their assistance. I went immediately, with my servant; but the fire at already consumed the kitchen where it first arose, and there was no danger of any other building. I accompanied our family today to dinner at Mr. Chazals where four or five different families were assembled. The evening was agreeably spent in dansing French contra-danses, and waltzes; and gave me an opportunity of seeing this them for the first time. Having been accustomed to our close modest English step, the high vaulting manner of dansing used by the French, did not appear so graceful or so decent as I should perhaps have otherwise thought it. In the dress of the ladies

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I remarked nearly the same singularity as I have before noticed in the account of them at the first comedy: Very delightful to behold, but not such as I should chuse for females of my own family - We returned at midnight, and I found a note from my friend Pitot which said, that the Marengo and two frigates were at the Cape, having only taken the Brunswick, a Bombay ship loaded with coton. They had attacked a convoy, but it was too well protected.
Wednesday 6. The last two days have been employed in the usual manner. This family, particularly Mademoiselle D, become daily more interesting. She in indeed an extraordinary young lady, possessing a strength of mind, a resolution, and a degree of penetration which few men can boast of; and to these are joined activity, industry and a desire for information. 'Tis pity she had not been born a man, and in a more extensive field than the Isle of France
Thursday 7,8,9. Spent as usual
Sunday 10. Mr. Murat dined with me today, and in the afternoon we walked to Mr. Chazals for the purpose of conducting home Mademoiselles Amelie and Delphine Couve, but we found them gone out upon a visit, and without any intention of returning today. - In the evening Madame D'Arifat received intelligence form her eldest son Mr. Labauve D'Arifat who had arrived from Bourbon in a vessel which had put in at the Black river, seeing a signal for an enemy upon the coast. We had not, however, any thing of the signal here
Monday 11. Mr. Murat and me went to dine with Mr. Chazal and the ladies by invitation, and I put my flute in my pocket in order to accompany Madame Chazal who is an excellent performer upon the piano harpsichord, and she has an excellent English instrument which had been taken in a prize, and for which she paid 1000 piastres. - Our principal purpose was to conduct home the two young ladies, as yesterday, but it appeared that they dare not trust themselves thems with us for half a league; not, I believe, because they thought us mischievous, but for fear of the scandal of their society here. Thus the same ladies who danse with naked bosoms before a whole society, feared to walk half a league in open daylight with two gentlemen of their acquaintance. This is what I do not well understand. - I learned nothing today concerning the English ship or ships supposed to be cruising off the island
Tuesday 12. A Mr. Hardouin visited Madame D'Arifat today, and as I found he was acquainted and lived near Mr. Martin Monchamp, I begged of him to take my letter of introduction and send it to him. This Mr. H. was very curious about my voyages, my progress in French &c. and seemed indeed to be a singular character - Today I received a letter from my friend Pitot, informing me of an English squadron being off the island, but their number of or commander was not known. - I suppose they are come to intercept admiral Linois.
This evening Mr. Labauve, the eldest son of Madame D'Arifat, about 27 years of age, arrived from the Black River where the had vessel in which he was a passenger from Bourbon had been put on account of our squadron: He had been taken a prisoner by the Pitt on his passage from hence about 3 months since, but spoke handsomely of his treatment from captain Vashon whom I have the pleasure to know
I find that Bourbon had exported the last year 56,000 bags of coffee which at 15 piastres the average price (it has been twenty within these two months here) = 625,000 piastres. It has exported 200,000 pounds of cloves which make 100,000 piastres at half a dollar per pound, nearly the average price Besides Indigo and Cotton. The planters of Bourbon are said be much richer that those of this island, where the principal produce is sugar: about 4,000,000 pounds of sugar are said to be made in this island annually and it is increasing.
Wednesday 13. I spent this day in the usual manner, but in the evening went with Mr. Labauve to pay a visit to Mr. Chevreau
Thursday 14. Mr. L. returned left us today. As yet I have no certain intelligence of the strength of our squadron, or of the names of the captains. My friend Pitot had been so much occupied that I have had very few letters from him of late.
Friday 15. These two last days occupied as usual, principally in writing and reading french; but I this very sedentary life I do not find to agree with my health: the bile on my stomach begins to be troublesome
Saturday 16. This morning I took a walk of two leagues before breakfast. The weather was dull with misty rain has it has been in the mornings for two or three days past. In the afternoon I paid a flying visit to Mr. Chazal. - This evening arrived Mr. Labauve and his brother Mr. André Labauve to visit their mother and family. By a letter from Mr. P. today, it appears that there are only two frigates upon the coast, the Pitt and Terpsichore, which it is supposed are come for the purpose of getting the earliest intelligence of the arrival of the arrival of any French force from France Europe
Sunday 17: Monday 18. Tuesday 19. These days spent mostly as before. I generally take a walk every morning of 3,4,5,or 6 miles before breakfast, after bathing.
Wednesday 20. Thursday 21. Friday 22. These three days have been principally employed in writing letters for England. On the first I dined with Mr. Labauve at Mr Chevreaus

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November 1805. Saturday 23. This morning I received an invitation to accompany Mad. D's family to un Thé given by Mad. Couve. - My friend Pitot arrived this evening to pay me a visit, and he accompanied us to Mad. Couves, where after tea was a little ball. There were six danseuses and as many danseurs, and I adventured to waltze for the first time, with my two fair instructresses. The contra-danses and waltzes continued till midnight, when a good supper was prepared, and after another danse, we broke up at two oclock. - As in England, the ladies here are much more fond of dansing than the men. Our three young ladies have been sick more or less for the last week, and one Miss D had even taken medicine on the very morning. Nevertheless not one of them missed joining in the every danse by inclination; what is more surprising Miss D. rose a six as usual and went out to bathe next morning , and all three were very well afterwards
Sunday 24. Captain B. came today to make me a visit. He had spoken to the general concerning my books and papers, and it seems that I might obtain any others by returning what I have taken out of the trunk, except the last log book which is the very book I want. Captain B. it seems has informed him of my having received intelligence from England, and that the Institute of Paris had interested themselves for me. The last letter I had written to the general, it seems he had not opened (that dated Aug.17.I suppose) fearing as he said to find something there that might displease him; and he did not wish to use any more severity towards me. - Captain Bergeret left me in the evening, after agreeing to make one in a hunting party to the Grande Bassin in about a week
Mr. Pitot and me walked out to sup with Mr. Chazal, and returned afterwards. I engaged myself to spend the whole of Wednesday next with them him.
Monday Nov. 24. [should be 25.] My friend Pitot departed early in the morning on his return to the Port. This day and Tuesday spent in the usual manner, except that I made a visit to Mr. Chevreau and Mad. Couve in company with our ladies
Wednesday 267. This morning I went by appointment to spend the day with Mr. Chazal. After breakfast we walked out to look at several views towards the districts of Tamarinds & Black River and the Morne Brabant. The afternoon was occupied with music, in accompanying Mad. Chazals harpischord with the flute. This lady is indeed an excellent performer, and is besides one of the most agreeable women I have ever met with. - In the evening Mad. D. and her young ladies came to pay Mad. Chazal a visit and I returned with them
Note. On Tuesday I inclosed to Mad. D. the proportion for my last months subsistence, which was received without any difficulty or any answer, as I wished
Thursday 278 Friday 28.[should be 29.] These two days spent partly as usual, and partly writing letters
Friday 29 Saturday 30. I accompanied M.D. & family on a visit evenings visit to Mr. & Mad. Bostel. Our two frigates the Pitt and Terpsichore continue to cruize off the island, but take very look little or nothing
Sunday 30 1 A party of gentlemen dined here today. They had been to the sale of a Mr. La Coste deceased. His farm amounting to 400 acres it is thought will be sold for 3 or 4,000 piastres I walked out to see it in the evening
Monday Dec 2. This day being the anniversary of the coronation of the French Emperor was to be celebrated with great pomp, at the port. Sent my letters to the port, to be forwarded by the first opportunity. The frigate, however, still continue to cruize off, and our ships are permitted to depart at present.
Tuesday 3. Wednesday 4, Thursday 5, Friday 6, Saturday 7 These days passed as usual. A party for the chace having been arranged by Mr. Labauve amongst his friends, we prepared to depart early on the morrow for the Grande Bassin . Captain Bergeret was invited to go with us and promised to come - Sunday 8. A Mr. Frichou arrived early in the morning with three brace of hounds and we three set off without company, some of those who were of the party begging to be excused I left my servant behind until 11 o'clock to conduct captain Bergeret who had not arrived We set off at 8, and arrived at the Bassin at half past 10. Until dinner the time was spent in building us a good hut. My servant arrived without captain B. nor did I hear any tidings of or from him during the excursion. In the afternoon, two black men were sent to take a circuit round a part of the bassin with the dogs whilst four of us were stationed upon the borders in the paths that the deer were expected to take; for it seems when they are hard pressed by the dogs the deer take to the water, and sometimes swim to the little island that is in the basin. We waited about two hours, when the blacks returned without having seen or heard a deer or any other game, two or three tandracks (a small animal of a species between a mole and a hog) excepted
In the evening my two companions conversed much upon their former hunting parties and the deer they had killed. It appeared that the deer are become much scarcer than formerly, particularly before the revolution; at which time the fox blacks and mulattoes took upon themselves more liberty, and instead of labouring in their plantations went out to hunt for their subsistence. The largest deer they spoke

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Decr. 1805 Sunday 8
of having seen killed weighed 432 pounds, but the generality of those usually killed weighed from 150 to 250 pounds. The manner of hunting them used by us is the general manner; black men and sometimes a chasseur take a circuit whilst others station themselves in the known places of resort; if it is upon the borders of the sea or near a lake they station themselves near the water with muskets
Monday 9. After breakfast Mr. T went off the the dogs to make a turn round another part of basin and we stationed ourselves as before; but as there was some intervening time we ascended the piton to take a view of the sea, but the weather was too dull to permit us to see far. Mr. Labauve agreed with me that not more than one third of the island was at present cleared of wood - About 10 arrived Mr. La Chaise Mr. Chevreau, Bostel, Murat and St Peardn in expectation of dining upon venison. After the first conversation another circuit was commenced on the north side of the basin, and as there were now plenty of people to occupy the posts, and I was weary of doing nothing, I accompanied Mr. Labauve who made the tour this time. After descending the road about 1 1/2 mile to the north, we struck into the wood and in a few minutes the dogs set up their cry in pursuit, and we followed them as fast as the thickness of the wood would permit. Not being much accustomed to running in a thick wood, where the vines arrest one at almost every step, I was soon left behind with my servant and we struck back onto the road. I was a few paces forward when I heard a sudden noise as of a tree falling, and my servant told me that some animal had started up before him, he knew not what, but that it pushed through the wood with great violence and noise, and he supposed by the foot marks, must be a wild hog. In the road we found one of the blacks who told us that Mr La B. requested that we would station ourselves in the road at a little distance onward, whilst he and the others pursued after the deer, either to turn it into the road or drive it towards the Grand Bassin where our party were stationed. We had advanced however but a very little distance along the road, when we found Mr La B. They The dogs had lost the deer, and he waited to collect the people and dogs together. On my telling him of the animal started by Elder he conceived hopes of future success and sent away for the other dogs that had been left behind. It now came on to rain fast, and continued to do so several hours, which made it very disagreeable and our success more doubtful since it was scarcely possible to keep our muskets dry; the dogs however arrived, my servant and myself stationed ourselves in the road, and Mr. L. struck into the wood with the blacks and the dogs. After waiting our hour without learning or seeing anything, I returned to the tent, the rain continuing to fall in abundance. I found all the gentlemen who had been posted around the basin, sitting quietly in the tents, and anxious for dinner. Soon after arrived Mr. La Chaise and Mr. F. who had been stationed in another road and who being professed chasseurs were to act according to circumstances. We dined, and about 3 arrived two blacks with part of the dogs, and after Mr. Labauve with the others. It appeared that they had started at least one deer, which had passed between the two blacks. Mr. L. had attempted to fire upon it, but his gun had missed in consequence of the rain, one of the blacks had struck it with a hatchet, but being in a thick part of the wood his embarrassment prevented the desired effect. The foot steps of this or of another deer had been traced into the road past where the black had been stationed with a musket, but unhappily the impatient gentlemen at the tent had fired two muskets which the black took to be a signal of recal and had quitted his post. Mr L. was therefore a little out of humour, at having bene chacing three hours in the heavy rain, and after all had been disappointed probably by the impatience of the new comers to sit down to dinner, their good humour and raillery however soon set all right, and at half past four Mr. Chevreau, Bostel, Murat and St Peard left us to return, although it then rained hard, but they had brought no linen with them to change
In the evening, Mr LaB. La Chaise and F. renewed their former conversation upon hunting parties, intermixed with that of their amours; but as I understand nothing of the one subject, and I never make the other a topick of conversation, and besides spoke French very badly I remained silent, lying down upon my mat. On comparing the conversation with that of three young Englishman of the same age and class, it appeared that they were more brotherly with each other, more kind in their language, each speaking to the other in the second person singular; but they were more free in their language and ideas also, the words bouge, foutu, mâtin, diable &c. compounded with the word sacra, entered constantly into their phrases; and they made no scruple to avow circumstances which an Englishman generally thinks it better to keep secret; in short, their language was somewha yet these young men were not libertines, or did they think themselves so. With us

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however their language would be thought to exceed the usual bounds of licence that Englishmen permit themselves when there are no women in company
Tuesday 10. After breakfast the dogs were again sent out, and we stationed ourselves as before but with no better success. At noon it came on to rain again. We dined, and at two o'clock set off to return home, it rained fast all the way, so that we were completely soaked as yesterday, and we arrived at soon after four. Mr. La Chaise and Mr F. staying all night, (the former is a cousin of this family.) Buillot was the evening amusement
Wednesday 11. Our two frigates still continue to cruize off the coast and it seems have lately stopped or taken two vessels. Mr. La Chaise and Mr. Frisheau left us today. The former left a hound with Mr LaBauve and in the evening he killed a hare with him, near the house The weather remained fine here all today, although it is possible that there was rain at the Gr. Bassin
From the two days rain preceding the small rivers have begaun to run again, and every thing has acquired fresh vigour upon the plantations. This gives the inhabitants much pleasure, for in consequence of the dry season last year, and the storm that came afterwards late in the season when the maize was nearly ripe, the necessaries of life are at this time exceedingly scarce and dear, more especially as our cruizers prevent the usual importations of maize from Bourbon and rice form Madagascar. The former maize and rice are at this time nearly three times their usual price; the former being 2 1/2 to 3 piastres the hundred pounds and the latter 6 or 7 .
Sunday 15. These days passed as usual, [indecipherable]

Monday 16. I formed the resolution of absenting myself from home; in the afternoon therefore, I paid a visit to Mr. and Mad. Chazal, and engaged myself to visit them again on Tuesday, with my flute.
Tuesday 187. [indecipherable] After dinner I paid my visit to Mr. Chazal, notwithstanding that it rained fast. This surprised our good people, for punctuality in little engagements is by no means a characteristic of the inhabitants of this island. I know not whether it is the same in France. I spent the evening agreeably in accompanying Mad. Chazals excellent harpsichord with my flute; and the weather being rainy in the evening I stopped all night.
Wednesday 18. We breakfasted at 7, and I returned at half past eight; to employ the rest of the day in our usual occupations. The rain came on again this afternoon the same as yesterday. These are the summer rains, and are occasioned by a sea breeze setting in from the northward about 11 o'clock, which meeting the trade wind from the south east, causes a deposition of the water with which the sea winds are always charged. This sea breeze takes place only, when the trade wind is very light. The little streams, which were before almost dry, by these two days rain have a pretty little current running down them. In the time of heavy rains I am told these streams become considerable and very rapid torrents sometimes overflow, carry away the little bridges that are made over them, and do other mischief. The rain that has fallen here is by no means equal to the stream accumulated in the beds of the rivulets, but in the higher parts of the island near the Grand Bassin, where these streams almost all originate, when there is but little rain here and none further down, it falls above in torrents. These days rain have done infinite good to the vegetation which was suffering much from dryness: and is the more grateful to the inhabitants as they look mostly to their succeeding crops to save their negroes and partly themselves from a famine. All communication from without being at present cut off by our cruizers. Yet it is remarkable, that most foreign articles are in great abundance in the town, and as cheap as in time of peace. This the French owe entirely to the Americans who keep them well supplied with the manufactories and other articles from France, England and America; but they bring neither rice nor maize, which form the subsistence of the greater part of the inhabitants.
Thursday 19. Rain again this afternoon, and more abundantly than the two days preceding.
Friday 20. Saturday 21. Spent as usual; the weather again become fine. In the evening I walked to Mr. Chazals to meet my friend Pitot by appointment. In the evening we played some trios with the harpsichord, bass, and flute. I slept at Mr. Chazals.
Sunday 22. After a very early breakfast, Mr. Pitot and I come to our house here, where we breakfasted a second time. Mr. and Mad. Chazal had set off early to pay a visit of some days, to make which they had been previously engaged before the arrival of my friend Pitot: and he therefore now removed wholly to our house. - Before dinner the two young ladies under my instruction in the English, and myself

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who am under their instruction in the French, underwent an examination in our progress before Mr. Pitot who is a good judge of French and a passable one of English. He found me advanced in read speaking principally, which I least expected, but the two ladies in both reading and writing. Their timidity prevented them from speaking much. - For myself I am satisfied that one if not both of them make a better progress in French English than I do in French.
Monday Dec. 23. My friend Pitot left me this morning early. I was partly employed attending the process of making Indigo today. Mr. LaBauve had collected some indigo plants, stalks, leaves, and the flowers which had just begun to bud, and filled a cask with them which stood upon one end with the top taken out, and was filled with water until the plants were just covered, and two or three stones then put upon the top to press them down. After it had stood about twenty hours, it had fermented considerably, and the water was of a yellowish green colour. The fermentation would have continued three or four hours longer, but he judged it expedient to draw off the water directly, in order to obtain the better indigo. After the water was drawn off, the plants taken out of the cask and thrown away, the cask was washed out, and the water returned into it. The water was then agitated by a machine, exactly in the same manner as churning butter. By this operation the water gradually changed its colour to blue, and became more and more dark coloured. By taking a little out every now then in a saucer, this change was very perceptible, and by mixing a little lime water with it a precipitation of the blue particles took place, and when these particles were of the largest size and the precipitation was quick and complete, it was churned enough. This took place after about an hour and forty minutes of churning, but the process was continued to nearly two hours. It then appeared by the little trial in the saucer, that the particles were become less, the precipitation was less complete and the water which remained at top, and which had before been of a clear yellowish colour, like good Madeira wine, was becoming red and turbid; in short a new combination was beginning between the particles of indigo and the water. This being perceived, the churning was stopped, and two kids full of lime water put into the cask to make the precipitation of the indigo. - It then stood to rest four hours, when holes in the side of the cask at different heights were opened one after the other, to drain off the water, which was of a deep yellow or reddish colour. The indigo remained at bottom, still mixed with some water, and of the consistence of cream nearly. - It appeared that some dirt had got into the cask and mixed with the indigo, it was therefore passed through a hair seize, and afterwards poured into small bags of a close texture, and hung up, that the water might all drain from it. In the morning the indigo was sticking to the sides and bottom of these little bags, and was then of the consistence of mud. - A small square box with holes in it, had and with a top moveable on the inside, had been prepared for a press. A cloth was spread at the bottom of this press, and the indigo emptied upon it by turning the bags inside out. The quantity was but small, the cloth was turned over it, the top put on upon it and a press put upon the top, in order to press out the water that still remained with the indigo. After four hours it was taken out, and resembled blue clay. It was then cut into squares of about an inch and a half each and put to dry in a shady place; and thus the process was finished, the quantity of indigo being obtained being about a pound, whose value in this island is 5 or 6 shillings On comparing the process with what I find in the Encyclopedeia, the principal and almost the sole difference I find, is that of mixing lime water with the liquor after it is beaten in order to facilitate the precipitation. I am told that if the indigo was left to itself to precipitate, it would give time for the forming of a new combination between the indigo and yellow water which would be injurious to both the quality and quantity. There is one general remark which seems very essential to be known, that the indigo is never spoiled either by the water being drawn off from the plant too soon, or by the water being too little churned; the indigo is even finer, the shorter each of these processes are but the quantity is decreased; whereas if the plant steeps too long, or the liquor is too much churned both quantity and quality decrease, but especially the latter. There is a middle point of time which varies according to the degree of heat and perhaps some other circumstances which is most advantageous to the indigo planter, and which is only to be acquired by experience
Tuesday 24. I paid a visit in the evening to Mad. Couve and Mr. Murat.
Wednesday 25. All our family paid a visit to the same house in the evening, and I accompanied them. We had rain again this afternoon
Thursday 26. This afternoon Mademoiselle Delphine D'Arifat departed on a visit to Flacq on the other side of the island, to see her brother; by which I lose my best instructress for a month.

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1805 Dec. Friday 27. Saturday 28, Sunday 29. These days passed mostly as usual; the forenoon occupied in reading and writing French, the afternoon in reading French or walking and the evenings with family, who have learned to play at Whist. - Today I received advice from my friend Pitot, by the way Mr. Augustin Baudin by the way of my friend Pitot, that my lord Bentinck had written to the captain-general De Caen to obtain my liberty, and had also made other essays, but in vain. The two Messrs. Merles, it seems, were set at liberty in consequence of my letter to his lordship. - Upon the taking of men out of the Bombay cartel by admiral Linois, it seems the Calcutta gazettes had been very severe and this conduct was paralleled with the breach of the law of nations by which I had been made a prisoner - For these several days, there has been more or less rain, almost every day. The weather continues even yet to be agreeably cool, though the sun has now been nearly vertical for a month.
Monday 30. Tuesday 31. A moderate gale of wind, with threatening weather, has prevailed these few days past; and this evening, the frigates were at a great distance from the island, by the signals, there being, no pendant to distinguish their situation on the coast. - Mr. LaBauve returned Wed today from conducting his sister to Flacq, and brought with him a widow lady Madame Aliésse on a visit to his family.
Wednesday Jan 1. 1806. This day is the greatest holiday that the slaves in this island have throughout the year. They were collected from two or three plantations at a little distance from hence, and were drumming upon their tom-tom, singing, firing muskets, and perhaps dansing all the night preceding and all the day nearly. At breakfast time the whole o greater part of Mad. Ds slaves, old and young, came to pay their respects to their mistresses family and present them with nose-gays, and to wish them a bonne-année. I took this opportunity of making little presents to those of the slaves who had done me any service and threw some pence amongst the children to scramble for. I presented it our two remaining young ladies with a fan each, by permission of the mother, and requested her to present send a third to her absent daughter at Flacq with a complimentary note
In the latter part of the day, the greater part of the black-men were drunk, but some few took the occasion of paying distant visits to their distant friends, and it is said that some of them have been known to walk twenty leagues, from new Years morning after breakfast, to the next morning at daylight when they are obliged to be at home at their work
The red flag was hauled down this morning, so that our frigates have left the island: (It appears that they went away on the 29th.)
Thursday 2. This afternoon I accompanied Mr. LaBauve a hare-hunting, however we neither caught or saw anything.
Friday 3. I took my flute and went to dine with Mr. Chazal, in company with Mr. Labauve music occupied the afternoon and evening, and we did not return to till late at the night: the kind, friendly and obliging behaviour of that family, almost always induce their visitors to stay longer than they at first intend.
Saturday 4. Sunday 5. These days spent as usual. I received a letter today from my friend Pitot after a silence of a week. He speaks of an intention to obtain the permission for me to visit his friends at Poudre d'Or and Flacq now that the frigates are gone
Monday 6. Tuesday 7. Wednesday 8, Thursday 9, Friday 10. These days spent principally in writing the account of the Porpoises shipwreck, and concomitant circumstances.
Friday 10 Mr. Froberville paid a visit to Mad. D.
Saturday 11. I had a visit in the afternoon from my friend Bergeret, accompanied by a Mr. Pellicot. He had not yet spoken for my permission to visit Poudre d'Or, and I requested him not to do, wishing to defer the visit until the heat of the summer shall be passed, and moreover not liking this manner of applying for permission. In the evening, my friend Pitot arrived as captain B. left me.
Sunday 12. Captain B. visited me again today, and dined with us: he brought with him a Mr. Cap-Martin, a lieutenant formerly on board Le Geographe, but who had married a daughter of Mr. Perichon, the proprietor of Palma, a plantation of much celebrity, at two leagues distance. These two gentlemen returned in the evening, and Mr. Mallac (a member of the Society of Emulation) arrived to visit Mr. Froberville and Mr. Pitot (who are secretaries of the society).
Monday 13. My friend Pitot departed early as usual. I walked with Mr. Mallac to shew him the cascades of the Tamarinds and the view of the quarter. We had very heavy rain about noon, but fine afterwards, and Mr. Mallac left us. - Madame Aliésse, our lady visitant, departed today under escort of Mr. LaBauve, who
Tuesday 14. This evening the red flag, signal for an English ship or ships being off the coast, was hoisted. The Bellone privateer with two or three prizes and a French state brig with th governor of Bourbon on board, arrived within these few days

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1806 Jan. Wednesday 15. I learned the intelligence of an action having taken place between a French and Spanish fleet under admiral Gravina, and th an English fleet off Ferrol. Mr. Augustin Baudin wrote me a polite letter offering his services to me.
Thursday 16. This morning Mr. LaBauve arrived with his sister Mademoiselle Delphine, my principal instructress in the French language
Wednesday 175, Thursday 186, Friday 197, Saturday 2018, Sunday 2119. These days passed as usual without any material occurrence. I received an invitation from Mr. Capmartin to visit Palma, which my health obliged me to decline. The frigate Pitt has appeared again cruizing off this coast. It seems she had parted hence with the Terpsichore as far as 2º of north latitude, that ship having touched the shore upon the Isle Platte and received some shot.
Monday 220. My friend Bergeret, visited me for the purpose of inducing me to go to Palma this morning, but I was not able. I sent my servant to the town for some things I had occasion for.
Tuesday 231. Elder returned in the evening. He informed me that the Semillante with 400 troops on board and the privateer the Bellona were to go out this evening to attack the Pitt, which they expected to take by boarding
Wednesday 242. Visiters at our house.
Thursday 253. At 10 3/4 in the morning I heard the report of a distant cannonading to the northward which I suppose to have been the two ships attacking the Pitt. (This proved to be thunder; but I believed deceived many persons as well as us here at the Plains Williams
Friday 264. Saturday 275. Sunday 286. Monday 297. Tuesday 3028. During these days as well as the former I confined myself a little to an abridged diet, and my health became pretty well reestablished. The wind has been almost constantly from the westward, so that the two vessels which are out to attack the Pitt, and went round the island and to the eastward, have not yet been able to return. This expected combat, excited at first the most lively sensations at the port, so much so as to put a stop to all business; but at present from the delay, the combat is almost forgotten, or at least is spoken of no more by the public. The Pitt has been cruizing before the port, and it is said has observed that the Semillante is gone out, but she supposes it is to join admiral Linois.
The weather has been rainy often, and always dull and heavy with this wind from the northe and westward.
Wednesday 29, Thursday 30. Still no certain intelligence of the Pitt
Friday 31. Mr. LaBauve having a visit to make to quarter of Tamarinds to the house of Mr. Suasse the civil commissary, to conduct Madame Aliésse from thence hither, I accompanied him both to see that part of the island, and to thank Mr. Suasse for a piece of civility he has done me. There are two roads. We went by the shortest, which leads over the hills and descends suddenly, and all this part we were obliged to walk on foot. We were kindly received and Mr. S. politeness expressed his pleasure at making acquaintance with me: he had seen me on my first arrival in the little schooner and was not unacquainted with my story.
The quarter of Tamarinds being very low, and consequently hot, cotton and sug seems to be the principal object of cultivation. The mangoes, which do not grow in the higher parts of Wilhems Plains, are here very abundant. Maize and manioc are cultivated here as in other parts.
We returned by the long route, and passed by the habitations of Mad. Merlo and Mr. Perichon, which are situated in the low part of Wilhems Plains and seem to possess all the delights that a country habitation can afford: Palma, the habitation of the latter, has one of the best ordered and prettiest gardens in the island
I learned from my friend Pitot today, that the Pitt had been chaced by the Semillante and Bellonne, but they had lost sight of her in the night. They had not yet returned to the Port
Sat. Feb 1. Sunday 2. Monday 3. These days passed over sadly. I did little.
Tuesday 4. The same as before - I learn that the Semillante and Bellonne are returned to port, having lost the Pitt in the night, and they cruized for her several days without success. Many vessels have lately arrived, by which much European intelligence has been received; but I have not yet learned any thing certain. The greater part of the people of the island, as well as myself, are glad that the Pitt is gone away without any action having taken place.

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1806 Tuesday Wednesday Feb. 45. Today I learnt that Mr. Lefebre aid to General De Caën had arrived at Fran Bourbon from France with dispatches. It is from this officer that for several months I expected orders concerning me would forwarded; and accordingly I now expect intelligence in a few days of my liberty being ordered or that I shall am to be sent to France. The war between Russia and France is spoken off; as also rumours of Austria, Sweden and Portugal having taken the same part
Wed Thursday 6. Much intelligence seems to have been received, and all Europe seems to be in agitation in at this time. The French emperor is said to have embarked for the descent on England. Mr. Lefebre is said to have had a passage of 75 days only from Bourdeaux -
This evening I accepted an invitation to sup at Mr. Chazals, where besides other French gentlemen and ladies I found Mr. Bickham, and Mr. Stainsbury, Americans. It seems that many American vessels have been stopped, arre by English frigates, carrying produce of French colonies to France. An American frigate is said also to have been taken after a very severe action in which she lost 150 men.
Friday 7. I dined today with Mr. Chevreau and the same party that I met last night. These little parties I find useful in taking of my attention from my imprisonment, and the other circumstances that occasion me uneasiness; more especially since I always find myself treated with an attention rather distinguished and at the same time friendly. It rained more today than usual, and our little river rose considerably
Saturday 8. The rain having continued all night, the river was full this morning, so that the water passed over the little bridge and overflowed in one part the banks.
My friend Pitot paid me a visit this evening, notwithstanding the bad weather.
Sunday 9. This morning my two lady scholars underwent an examination in their English, as I did in my French, before M. P. - In the afternoon, I accompanied my friend to Mr. Chazals in his way home. The weather was very rainy and we remained all night. The evening was occupied in attending to and accompanying Mad. Chazals excellent harpsichord
Monday 10. Mr. Pitot departed very early for the port, and after breakfast I returned home. The weather still squally and unsettled. No certain intelligence as yet, to confirm or destroy the various rumours relating to European politics; nor do I yet hear whether or no any orders have been brought by Mr. Lefebre concerning me
Tuesday 11. This morning I observed a signal up for a number of vessels, more than seven being sight. - The weather was fine today, in comparison with what it has been for many days past
Wednesday 12. Thursday 13. No certain intelligence either relating to me, or to the political world has yet transpired. It seems, however, that besides the dispatches received by the general, there have been many private letters received from France. It is said, the general is so angry at something he has received, or that he has not received as to be unapproachable (inabordable)
The weather has been finer these two days though not altogether without rain.
Friday 14. Saturday 15. As yet no intelligence at all certain. Mr LaBauve however, writes from the port, that I must not expect very good news, but that captain Bergeret will visit me tomorrow. The weather tolerably settled and fine at present.
For several days, I have done little or nothing at French, being occupied in arranging my journal. Our young ladies, however, are making great progress in English
Tuesday 16. My friend, Bergeret cam arrived to dinner. He tells me that no orders whatever have been received by the general concerning me. He says however, that the captain-general expects his brother out immediately with dispatches; thus my hopes are continually transferred from one period to another, without ever being realized.
Monday 17, Tuesday 18, Wednesday 19. Employed upon my journal. My friend Pitot writes me, that an American ship sailed from France, for America, charged with passengers and dispatches for this island, twelve days before the departure of the Eliza, which therefore will be on Sept.13 last. It seems to me, however, that the French governmt. is as much occupied with the continental war, which has just broken out, and so inveterate against England, that nothing is likely to be done for me at present.
Thursday 20. Weather rainy. This evening the wind was fresh between S.W. and South, and threatened a gale of wind. At 11, the wind was strong accompanied with rain. At 1, the the wind had passed by the S.E. to East and N.E. and blew excessively hard, so that there was danger of the house and our pavilions being overset. About 3 or 4, the wind had got round to North, and became more moderate, and the rain ceased to fall constantly but came heavy in squalls. In the morning Friday 21. I went out to see our river, which commonly is nothing but a deep gully, with a little water

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in the bottom; but it was now level with the banks and running at the rate of 12 or 14 miles an hour, forming breakers where opposed by the rocks or inequalities; In parts were the banks are lower streams of water ran out from the river, taking there course downwards and joining it again. The garden, where there are two fish ponds, fed by the river, was all covered with water. The huts of the slaves, fowl-houses, graineries and almost every building covered with thatch, was unroofed Many trees about the house were torn up by the roots, whilst others had their branches torn away and the trunk only left standing. The indian corn, whether of a foot or ten feet high was all laid flat with the earth, and part swept away. The peach trees, clov were almost destroyed, many being broken level with the earth, and a plantation of clove trees has suffered also extremely, the largest which were charged with fruit being broken down, in the same manner. I determined to visit the cascade of the River Tamarinds if it should be possible
After observing a distant prospect of the cascades, and arrived at the river, I followed its course downwards to the first cascade and afterwards descended to the second where the fall of the water is about 120 or 130 feet. Looking down into the abyss of froth and spray was a magnificent sight, for the water in the basin below could not be seen. On stopping my ears with my fingers for a few seconds and withdrawing them suddenly, the noise of the cascade was like the report of a cannon fired close to one, or to a sudden clap of thunder.
The road to the river, which is only a path through the wood, was strewed with branches of trees, and many trees also were fallen across the way. In the wood the falling of the trees and branches had beaten down the grass and shrubs in such a manner as to have the appearance of a number of men or animals having been there expressly to do it.
The weather cleared up a little and the wind had moderated at nine o'clock and continued in that state the whole day. Mr LaBauve arrived from the port in the afternoon. It seems several vessels had driven for the port and some where on shore, particularly the colonial corvette, the Creole.
Saturday 22. Sunday 23. I paid a visit to Mad. Meurville; having seldom been there lately, except in company with our ladies
Monday 24. Tuesday 25. This evening we heard of the arrival of the brother of Gen. De Caen from France on board the frigate, La Canoniere which had put into the Grand Port. I had had the intention of writing to general De Caen, on finding no orders concerning she had arrived by Mr. Lefebre, but had been dissuaded by my friends, in expectation of the arrival of this officer, and of the captain La Bue, who had embarked on board an American vessel before the departure of Mr. Lefebre. The European intelligence is said to be highly favourable for France.
Wednesday 26. My friend Pitot confirmed to me the arrival of general De Caëns brother, of the victory gained by the emperor Bonaparte over the arch-duke Ferdinand, and of a naval victory over our fleet, in which the gallant Lord Nelson was killed.
Thursday 27. My friend Bergeret wrote me, but as yet had not heard whether any orders had arrived concerning me
Monday March 3. This day I spent at Mr. Chazals.
Wednesday 5. My friend Pitot writes me of the little prospect there is of any thing occurring to me soon from any orders from France, and approves my intention of again applying to the general to be sent to France for judgment
Thursday 6. Friday 7. This two days employed as the last three weeks, in writing a journal; and I wrote also a letter to the general ready against the morrow when I expect Mr. P. who has promised to translate it for me.
Saturday 8. This evening I went to Mr. Chazals where I met Mr. Pitot, and we spent the evening and night there. On Sunday 9. We returned together, and he made me a translation of my letter to general De Caen, after suggesting some few corrections. This he took with him and a note to M. Bergeret whom I requested to deliver it and to use his influence to forward its success. We spent the evening in accompanying Madame Chazals harpsichord with our alto and flute. The weather was very bad, threatening another coup de vent, and we remained again all night.
Monday 10. My friend departed at six o'clock for the port, notwithstanding the very bad weather, and I returned home to breakfast.

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1806 March Monday 10. I was not a little surprised to learn from my friend that the principal cause of my being kept a prisoner in this island was the same as that for which so many travellers, for sickness or pleasure, in France, had been arrested; viz. as hostages for the return of the vessels and men which had been stopped in the ports of England before the declaration of war. It is said, that what has been alleged in the Moniteur upon my detention is nothing. - This accounts to me for what captain Bergeret told me, "that it was "not anything I had done myself that had caused my imprisonment."
It seems, that my situation here is well known at Paris, and considered to be very hard; and it is told me also that general De Caën regrets to have detained me, not having conceived that my imprisonment would have remained unnoticed so long by the French government. This gives me hopes that if my letter (see rough letter book March 9. 1806) will have a good effect, perhaps obtain my release from this island to be sent to France.
It continued to rain and blow hard all this day and night, as it did all the following day, Tuesday 11. The little rivers were swelled to an unusual size, the bridges all carried away, and much mischief done.
Wednesday 12. This morning the wind and rain had somewhat abated, but the weather still continues very bad. All communication with the town is cut off, by the swelling of the rivers principally, and even that between neighbouring plantations is difficulty. My pavilion, which is covered with straw, is the only dry place, the other two pavilions and the house, being drenched with water, and almost every thing in them wet. I used all my endeavours to persuade Mad. D. and the young ladies to take possession of my pavilion, but to no effect.
The wind beg gale began at E.S.E. where it continued 24 hours, it then shifted quick to NE North and N.W. and this evening it got round to W.S.W.
I received back my letters to the general and captain B. to be written over again, they having got wet and defaced on the way by the fall of Mr P's black man. I wrote them out immediately and Mad. D'Arifat was good enough to dispatch order a black man to proceed to town with them early on the following morning.
Thursday 13. This morning the weather was still something improved, but not yet become fine: wind at WSW. or nearly.
Friday 14. I paid a visit to Mr. and Mad. Meurville in company with Mr. Labauve.
Saturday 15 The families of Chazal and Chevreau paid a short visit at our house.
Sunday 16. I dined by invitation with Mr. Chazal, where I found Mr. Loustou senr. his half brother, and a Mr. La Grave, principal of the central school, at the port, besides the family of Chevreau. Mr. Loustou told me, that he had seen them caulking and repairing the copper of the Cumberland but he did not know for what purpose
My letter to the general was obliged to be sent to Minisory, his habitation in the country and I have not yet heard upon any certainty that it is yet delivered
Monday 17. This afternoon, captain Bergeret visited me, with an answer from general De Caen to my letter. He said that "the general was not able to "comply with my request to be sent to France. That by every occasion he had "requested of the marine minister orders concerning me, but that as yet he "had received none. By Mr. Lefebre a duplicate had been received of a "former dispatch, which said that the minister himself would not decide upon "the question without the advice opinion of the council of state, and this "opinion had not yet been given". Captain B. said he had proposed to to the general to take my parole of honour to render myself in France in case the vessel in which I might be embarked should be taken; and it seems possible, that this proposal might have succeeded had the captain-general and the minister understood each other better than it appears they do.
By his answer, I find myself cut off from almost every prospect of being set at liberty before the termination of the war, and am indeed at a loss what steps to take. I had formed the notion of asking permission for my faithful servant Elder to go to England with letters to my family, and to return with my wife, but the length and uncertainty of such a voyage for a woman deter me from it. - Tuesday 18. Wrote a letter to my friend Pitot, informing him of the generals answer, and one to colonel Monistrol asking permission for my seaman William Smith to depart in an American vessel
Wednesday 19. Messrs. LaBauve and Andre D'Arifat departed for Flacq the port. From the latter who resides at Flacq, and was here upon a visit of two days I received an invitation to spend some days.

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1806 March . Thursday 20. Learned from my friend Pitot of an occasion to send letters to Europe, and I immediately wrote to Sir J.B. inclosing him a copy of my letter to the general, and his answer &c. (See private letter book of this date). Wrote also to Mrs. F.
Friday 21. Today the red flag was hoisted upon the hills, a signal for an enemy in sight.
Saturday 22. Heard today of there being an English ship off which is thought to be a frigate, and that the French frigate was fitting out with all expedition, as supposed to attack her.
Sunday 23. The French Frigate La Piedmontaise arrived from France, having sailed 35 days after La Canonniere. She touch upon a point 4 leagues from the port but got off, and also escaped the chase of our cruizer, which is said to be either the Sceptre or Russel.
Tuesday 25. This morning I determined to pay a visit to Mr. Plumet, and Mr. LaBauve obliged me to take his horse. I found Mr. P. gon was gone to the port, but I stopped to dine and afterwards visited Mr. and Madame Airolles on my way back. Being pressed to stay all night, I consented, and Mr. A. accompanied by Mr. Chevreau shewed me an extensive cavern near in a part of his plantation, through a part of which runs a small river underground. The earth indeed seems to be very much excavated in that neighbourhood, and the stone is in many parts full of holes like a honey comb. In the cavern there is the remains of a ferruginous lava, and it appears to me, that the hollow canal in which the little river at present runs, was at one time caused by the ferruginous manntter it contained, running out in a liquid state, and leaving the space vacant. (A habitation formerly belonging to the celebrated and unfortunate La Pérouse at present makes a part of Mr Airolles estate. It is situated nearly in the center of the island upon elevated land, and surrounded by springs and streams of water. I surveyed this spot with a mixture of pleasure and melancholy. How happy he had once been in this little spot with his family, and what a miserable fate terminated his existence. This was the spot where the man lamented by the good and well-informed of all nations, the man whom science illumined, and humanity, joined to an honest ambition, conducted to the haunts of the remotest savages; - in this spot he once dwelt unknown to the great world, but happy. When he became great and celebrated, he ceased to exist. But his labours have not been taken in vain; by his foresight the a part at least of the produce of them has been saved to the public, and his example will serve to animate the sincere lovers of science, and to drive away the flies.+
Wednesday 26. In the morning, notwithstanding the rain, the two gentlemen conducted me to a large and deep hole about two half a leagues distant. It is abou circular - about two-hundred feet deep, and its upper surface, Mr. A. said, occupied seventeen acres of land. It seemed to me that the bottom occupied four or five acres; from which, as the slope is very nearly equal on all sides, its form and size may be almost exactly known. The stone about it is full of small holes like that about the Grand Bassin, and the cavern mentioned yesterday. Its appearance evidently bespeaks it to be the crater of an ancient volcano
After dinner I returned, having been treated in a very friendly honest manner, and invited to repeat my visit. I found two letters from my friend Pitot detailing to me the last news, received by the Piedmontaise, the most interesting part of which is the great naval action before Cadiz in which our great Lord Nelson, and other admirals lost and officers lost their lives, and wherein seventeen sail of English men of war are said to have perished: not by the enemy, but by a gale of wind that came on before the action was well concluded.
+Mr.Airolles promised me to place three large square stones one upon the other in the spot where his house once stood, and to engrave the name of La Perouse on the uppermost stone.
Thursday 27. Friday 28. Saturday 29. These days I did little but write some rough letters for England and France. Visiters prevented me from attending much to the progress of our young ladies in English.
Sunday 30. I visited Mr. Chazal this afternoon and was amused with Trick-Track by Monsieur and with musick by Madame
Monday 31. Tuesday April 1. Wednesday 2. Wrote rough letters to the minister of French marine, and to Mr. Fleurieu. Received an obliging letter from Mr. A. Baudin previous to his departure for Muscat and the coast of Coromandel; received also, aletter from my friend Pitot, a circumstance which arrives every two or three days. All the intelligence he is able to collect of the great affairs in Europe, or of any circumstances wherein I am particularly interested, he does not fail to communicate at the expense of much trouble to himself. I received the gazette, which commenced yesterday to be published twice a week, and to which Mr. P. has made a three months subscription for me
Thursday 3. Friday 4. I sent Elder to the town to purchase some things for me, and he returned late in the evening, bringing me a letter from Mr. Monistrol, with a permission for Wm. Smith to depart from the island. He learned that an officer on board the frigate La Piedmontaise, who had been in the voyage with M. Baudin, had the intention of coming out here to see me

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Friday April 4 1806.
Elder brought me also a letter from Mr. Monistrol giving a permission for Wm. Smith to depart for which I had made application about three weeks since. Sunday 6. Mr. Cap-Martin dined with us today, as did my friend Pitot who arrived yesterday.
Monday 7. My friend departed early this morning. I accompanied him as usual as far as Mr. Chazals: on my return I Afterwards, I went to pay a visit to Palma, by the invitation of Mr. Cap-Martin. The garden, which I had heard so much praised, has suffered very much from the late gales, and requires much labour and expense to put into a good state. Our neighbour Mr. Boistel lent me a horse and accompanied Mr. Labauve and me. In returning we stopped at Mr. Chazals and supped: the evening being employed in musick and tric-trac.
Tuesday 8. Mr. Frederic Pitot visited me, but did not stay to dine.
Wednesday 9. I made out this morning the discharge ticket and certificate for Smith, and on Thursday 10, at 4 in the morning he departed with Elder, to ship himself in an American vessel. He took a letter from me to Mr. Monistrol, and a few dollars in his pocket to buy necessaries, and a black man from Mad. D. accompanied them to carry Smiths things. -
This morning I had a visit from Mr. Boand who expects soon to sail for India. This old gentleman is not less than 50 years old, yet he arrived on foot here, at seven in the morning and at 4 in the afternoon he set off to return in the same way, refusing to accept a bed here to which he was pressed by Mad. D. as well as by me. He brought me the Times of Octr. 19. 1805 containing an extract from the Sydney Gazette of April 1805 relating to me The weather was very rainy today and cold.
Friday 11. Saturday 12 Sunday 13. Monday 14. Tuesday 15. These days I was employed in writing letters for England, and others for the marine minister and for Mons. Fleurieu in France. This afternoon I sent them away; being favoured with a black man express by Madame D'Arifat. Note, when Elder returned, Smith had not obtained his final permission, but this morning I was told he had obtained it, and was gone on board the Martha - Clarke for Boston in America. Note Mr. Boand brought me the Times of Oct. 19. 1805, containing Gov. Kings acct. of my imprisont.
Wednesday 16. Recd. a letter from Mr. B. and another from Mr. P. wherein they promised to forward letters to England and France with care.
Friday 18. Sent Elder to town to mark an allotment on Smiths ticket. Smith had got on board his ship and was satisfied with her: Elder gave him also six dollars more.
Sunday 20. I had a visit today from captain Bergeret, he had received a letter from Sir Edd. Pellew wherein he was desired to offer me, in his name, any assistance of which I might stand in need. He told me also something relative to a letter written from Dunkirk, and published in the Moniteur of July 7. 1803, relative to my voyage.
Monday 21. Tuesday 22. Wednesday 23. These two days past I find myself attacked with a fit of the gravel, which does not cease more or less to torment me at all times. Recd. the copy of a letter written by captain Motard of the Semillante to Mons. Boileau aid de camp to general Decrès Minister of the marine, intended to accompany letter to the Minister, of which and that to Mr. Fleurieu, I sent a duplicate to be forwarded by a Mr. Boisgris. To this gentleman I also confided a letter written in his favour to the comms. of any of H.M. ships.
Thursday 24. Though not very well, I walked in the afternoon to pay a visit to Mr. and Mad. Chazal, understanding they were to depart shortly to the town to take up their residence for the winter. Friday 25. They and Mr. and Mad. Chevreau spent the evening at our house. These several days we have had fine weather, but generally one or two heavy showers of rain, as in the summer season
Saturday 26. With the duplicate of my letter to France I sent today three letters for England to be forwarded by Mr. Boisgris
May Saturday 43. This evening I had the satisfaction to receive a visit from my friend Pitot accompanied by Mr. Charles Baudin, an offer of the Piedmontaise. This gentleman had been with his name-sake (though no relation) in Le Geographe and had the goodness to inform me of the course of the Geographe after her departure from Port Jackson. She remained a considerable time at Kings Island, in the little Sea-elephant Bay, sending the Casuarina to explore Hunters Isles and the shalloop round the island to examine it: Port Phillip was not examined. From Kings Island they proceeded straight to Kanguroo I. examined the south side, and coming round under its lee anchored in the largest bight on the north side. They remained here more than a week, to construct a shalloop to replace one lost at Kings Island: The two inlets were also examined a second time, and more particularly, but the head of the largest gulph was not ascended

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1806 May Saturday 3.
From hence they proceeded westward in the examination of the south coast, which had been seen the first time but very generally generally, as far as the termination of D Entrecasteaxs examination eastward, exploring the parts near Nuyts archipelago with more exactitude than usual. Note. The isles of St. Peter lie in the offing and were not seen by us. - Hence they proceeded to King Georges Sound without seeing the intermediate coast. The west coast was afterwards re-examined as far as Wihems River, but the Rosemary Isles and the opening were not seen, though the isles lying in the entrance were. The N.W. coast was then examined, but not very particularly. It is thought however that very little of the main coast was seen, there being an innumerable quantity of islands all along it; between which, generally, the water appeared to be shallow. They encountered many sand banks and struck some out of sight of land. The tides rose as high as 30 or 35 feet here. Mr. B. thinks it probable that there may be openings in the N.W. coast behind the islands. To the S This coast is all laid down in the old charts much too far west. From the point nearest Timor they stood over and touched there, or I am not certain whether they did not continue the examination to Cape Van Diemen. To the S.W. of that Cape they encountered near 40 Malay praos. Their examination terminated at Cape V.D. From Timor they struggled against the trades near two months sometimes seeing the north coast and sometimes not; when seeing it was impossible that he could get into the gulph and fearing that the N.W. wind might set in and keeping him there without provisions, and being moreover extremely ill, Mr. Baudin bore up for the Isle of France where he died.
Sunday 34. My friend Pitot departed this afternoon, but Mr. B. remained with me until the next morning. We had the company in the house of Mr. Froberville and several relations of Mad. D Arifat.
Monday 45. Mr. B. departed this morning, and I perceived the red flag all down, a signal that the three English ships were gone
Tuesday 6. Mr. LaBauve returned from the town, conducting his second sister on her return from Flacq. He had charged himself on Sunday with my letter to Mr. Monistrol, requesting a permission to go to the town; and this morning he brought me the permission, with two open letters from Sir Edward Pellew, dated in June 1805 and January 1806. It seems general De Caen refused the permission in the first instance, but on the further representation of Mr. M. he granted it
The intelligence of the Cape of Good Hope being taken by our troops under general Baird, and ships under commodore Sir Home Popham, with little loss was confirmed. Mr. Froberville quitted us this afternoon.
Wednesday 7. It seems the taking of the Cape has excited some alarm here. It is said a corps of 2000 black gunners is to be formed, and the national guard, comprising all those free citizens capable of bearing arms, are to be exercised twice a week
Thursday 8. Our ships cruizing off this island are said to have quitted it, on speaking a vesseI from India, with so much precipitation, as when joined to other circumstances to induce a belief that a French force had arrived in India, most probably at Ceylon.
Friday 9. I went with Mr. LaBauve to an habitation called Keroan, by the invitation of Mr. Curtat, its proprietor, and where I found Mr. Foisy the president of the Society of emulation, to whom I rendered my thanks for the part he had taken in a letter to the Institute of Paris, written on my account. After dinner we rode to the quarter of Tamarinds, to another habitation of Mr.Curtat, and slept. In the morning of Saturday 10, we rode down to the seaside to the Bay of Tamarinds, where the two rivers of Tamarinds and du Rempart throw their waters into the sea: the bay is very shoal, and even small vessels, rarely receive a cargo there the Bay. In the course of the day we visited Mr. C.'s sugar and cotton manufactories, and amused ourselves with tric-tric à écrire
Sunday 11. we walked to the habitation of a Mr. Ducas and breakfasted. Close to his house are several extensive subterranean excavations, formerly the refuge of a bandido of maroon negroes, consisting of 33 or 53 men. When they were surprised, the chief, named was killed, and his sckull remained at the entrance of one of these caverns where he was placed as a sentinel and killed when the band were surprised. There is a spring in the entrance of one of these caverns, and the water forms a stream in it which Mr. Ducas had traced three-quarters of a league: it is supposed to terminate in a morass not far from the sea. It seems probable, that these caverns have been formed by volcanic fire, nevertheless the marks of fire were not very distinct or unequivocal. The stone is porous like a honey-comb and very much of the same nature with that which surrounds the

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1806 May - Sunday 11. continued
Grand Bassin. The most remarkable circumstance seemed to me to be that these caverns are situated in a level country and ra level and rather low: there are mountains behind it at the distance of about half a league.
After dinner, I rode to the town in company with Mr. LaBauve and Mr. Curtat agreeable to the permission I had received from Mr. Monistrol. We arrived at dusk. During this little excursion I received much civility and hospitable attention from Mr. Curtat, who furnished me with a horse, and invited me to accept an apartment in h in his house during my stay in town; by but my friend Tomy Pitot had provided me with three rooms in a pavilion belonging to the house of his brother in law Mr Rouillard. Mr. Pitot took me to sup with his brother in law, Mr. Brunet, where, as before, I was kindly received.
Monday 12. I was visited in the morning by Mr. Deverinnes, the gentleman who at present occupies the house of Mr. Rouillard. Mr. T. Laverne called also upon me, and at Mr. Pitots where I breakfasted, I saw Mr. Boand, who returned with me to my pavilion.
Wrote a letter to Mr. Monistrol informing him of my arrival in town, and requesting him to say when I should have the honour of paying him a visit. He verbally sent me word that he was ready to see me, and at 5 o'clock I waited upon him and was received politely. The frigate which had made its appearance at one o'clock, and caused the red flag to be again hoisted, he did not think would throw any obstacle in the way of my obtaining a permission to visit Poudre d'Or and Flacq, and he therefore agreed to my sending him a written request to that purpose, and he also promised to speak with the general concerning my books and papers which still remained in the secretaries office, as also upon the extension of my parole so as to permit me to come to town occasionally. - In the evening I called upon Mr. Chazal and Mr. Bickham, with the latter of whom I supped. - At 10 sent two letters for the Refuge
Tuesday 13. Breakfasted with captain Bergeret who shewed me the passage of a letter from Sir Edward Pellew, relating to me. Wrote to Mr. Monistrol to demand permission to visit Poudre d'Or and Flacq. Dined with Mr. Pitot. In the evening visited Mr. Curtat, and called upon Mad. Alliés, but whom I did not see. In the afternoon I returned Mr. Deverinnes visit
Wednesday 14. Met with Mr. Dunienville at at breakfast at Mr. Pitots, as also Mr. Bayard: the former accompanied me to my pavilion and conversed some time with me. I learned that the pilot who had brought us round from the port Baye du Cap to Port N.W. not having fully complied with his orders to accompany us with his own vessel, had been put on board the Atalante frigate, from whence he had been transferred to the Psyché, and had lost his arm in the action with the St. Fiorenzo. On his arrival he was p from Calcutta in the cartel he was permitted to return to his little cottage at Savanne, but without any pension or reward. I requested Mr. D. to give him 20 dollars from me, and to say that if he passed by Wilhems Plains to call at Madame D'Arifats upon me. - Dined at Mr. Pitots. In the evening called upon Mr. Curtat, and Madame Alliés whom I did not see. Today I saw captain Clarke of the Telemacque on board which ship Smith had embarked.
Thursday 15. Breakfasted with captain Bergeret in company with Messrs. Moreau, Cap-Martin and Baudin, all of whom had been in the on board Le Geographe or Naturaliste. Dined with Mr. Deverinne where was a Mr. Genieve formerly an officer in the French navy and two others. Walked to the Champ de Mars to see a part of the national guard exercised; but in the morning I had called upon Mr. Monistrol not having received any answer to my applications. Mr. M. said the general had taken two days to consider of my requests and had not then given his answer. Tead with Mr. Pitot and drank supped with Mr. Brunet. Did not go to the Comedy being engaged at home. Sent letters to the Refuge, in answer to one received from Madame D'Arifat
There are now cruizing off the island the Albion 74, and frigate Sir Francis Drake, which last is said to be commanded by the son of Sir Edward Pellew, though from his youth I judge this to be a mistake, and that he is only a lieutenant on board An American vessel says that Sir Home Popham is gone from the cape with his squadron with 2000 troops on board, part cal cavalry, but it is not known whither. Admiral Linois is said to have been met with on the north side of the line with seven ships, of whom it is thought five are prizes, and Mr. L'Hermite was seen

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1806 May Thursday 15 continued
with one ship of the line and two frigates, supposed to be for these seas.
Friday 176. Breakfasted with Mr. Pitot, where was Mr. Baudin. The latter walked with me to visit the Maison Despeaux, my former place of imprisonment. I found the old sergeant La Mêle in good health, but without any prisoners under his charge. Afterwards we paid a visit to Madame Sauvejet who lives near. Dined with Mr. Pitot: afterwards spent a musical evening at Mr. Deverinnes where were a large party of musicians. we supped and finished at midnight.
Saturday 187. Breakfasted with Mr. Deverinne and we tried over some duets and trios: called upon Mr. Monistrol and found I could obtain no books or papers, the permission to go to Wilhems Plains La Poudre d'Or and to Flacq, and the extension of my parole so as to come to town occasionally, had been denied by letter yesterday.
Took a set of altitudes for a watch belonging to captain Ward of the American ship Recovery, but finding my time so short sent the watch and sextant back.
Was visited by Mr. Boand, who obligingly offered me assistance in any way that could be useful to me. Dined with my friend Pitot, and afterwards he departed for La Poudre d'Or to visit his sister.- In the my visit to Mr. Monistrol in the morning he informed me that the general had ordered me him to not to allow me to remain in the town more than four days. I requested to remain until Wednesday, but he found it too long: at length he consented to my stay until Sunday afternoon.
Visited Mr. Chazal, Mr. Curtat, and Mr. Foisy. Supped with Mr. and Mad. Brunet who received me kindly as usual.
Sunday 198. Breakfasted with my friend Bergeret. Early the morning had a visit from captain Gamaliel Matthew Ward, commander of the ship Recovery, in whose favour I after wrote a private letter (see letter book of this date). Employed this morning preparing for my return. Took leave of Mad. Pitot and Mr. Deverinne, and dined with Mr. Bickham. At 4 o'clock, Mr. Curtat sent me his horse and black man, and I left the town for Chimere, the habitation of Mr. Pitot, where I passed the evening in company with the family, and slept there.
Monday 2019. After breakfast, I set off for Mocha, being conducted by a black man belonging to Mr. Renou Devaux. Visited Mr. Froberville who persuaded me to stay and dine: afterwards we called upon Madame La Chaise, the aunt of Mad. D'Arifat. Mr. F. sent a black man to shew me on the way and I arrived at six o'clock at the Refuge amongst my kind and affectionate friends. Found my servant Elder arrived with my trunk before me.
Tuesday 210. Sent the horse back to Mr. Curtat with a letter of thanks.
Thursday 232. Friday 243. Recd. information of the defeat of the Duke of York in Hanover, being deserted by the Prussians; in consequence of which it is said there is a general peace taken place upon the continent, and that a maritime peace is expected to follow it. Dined today with Mr. Chevreau where were Messrs. Lachesharnidiere, St. Susanne, and desBassayns with the latter of whom I contracted some acquaintance
Saturday 254. Breakfasted with the same party, and set off upon an excursion to the Grand Bassin, but my jackass being a little unruly and the stirrup-leather breaking, I got a fall upon my head and loins which gave me some pain, and prevented me from going with the party. Sunday 25. Monday 26. Tuesday 27. Wednesday 28. Our ships, the Albion, and Sir Francis Drake still continue cruizing off the island. Mr. Labauve went to the port today, on account of the exercise which has been rigourously established in this island since the intelligence of the Cape of Good Hope being taken. - It has been said that I am detained a prisoner here solely because I refused the invitation of gen. De Caen to dine. That to punish me, he referred the judgment of my case to the French government, knowing that I should necessarily be detained twelve months before an answer arrived. The length of time however which has elapsed being much beyond his expectation, he had desired himself, for some time, to receive orders to set me at liberty; that at present he made frequent inquiries after me, and apparently with a considerable degree of interest and compassion. It is probable that he would have complied with

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May Wed. 28. Continued
with my request to be sent to France, had he not unfortunately been upon bad terms with the minister of the marine
Thursday 29. For the greater part of this past month, we have had fine weather, with the trade wind blowing regular. Today it is rainy, and the season is now coming when the wet weather in the higher parts of the island gives but little intermission
Received a letter from Mr. C. Baudin, expressive of his attachment, and the enthusiasm which I had excited in him for voyages of discovery: it is said to be exceedingly well written. Rec'd. also a letter from my friend Pitot on his return from Flacq, after a silence of six days.
Saturday 31. My friend Pitot visited me today, and departed Sunday June 1
after noon. I had much conversation upon my parole, the probability of peace, and my prospect of liberty.
Monday 2. This morning we observed telegraphic signals used, and we learned that the Pitt and the Cornwallis frigates had arrived from Bombay to reinforce the little squadron off this island, in expectation of the return of Admiral Linois with some prizes he is said to have taken.
Tuesday 3. Received intelligence of Bonaparte having incorporated Holland with France, and other interesting news, which however seems to requires confirmation.
Wednesday 4. The birthday of our my gracious sovereign. I hope he enjoys health. May the next return of this day, find him happy, and my country enjoying the blessings of peace
The weather is very cold today, but fine, and dry, therefore very agreeable.
Thursday 5. Friday 6 . Saturday 7. This afternoon, I observed that the red flag was no longer hoisted, but knows not why it another is in its stead. These days have been all rainy and very cold. The thermometer is said to have stood at 12º = 59 of Fahrenheit.
Sunday 8. Monday 9. Tuesday 10. The weather still rainy at times and very cold. An American ship from Bourdeaux, is said to have arrived in the Grand Port
Wednesday 11. My friend writes me word of the arrival of a Lubec ship, from Falmouth on the 12 of February, which confirms the news of Mr. Pitts death, peace made between France and Austria &c. Weather still rainy and cold; but the rain not incessant
Saturday 14. I hear of the arrival of Mons. le Colonel Kerjean from India, who contradicts confirms some part the news of the peace with Austria. Received today the copy of a letter written by the bureau of the Society of Emulation to the National Institute of Paris in my favour. A copy of this letter was sent with Mr. Boisgris at the same time with a duplicate of my letters to M. Fleurieu and the marine minister at Paris.
Sunday 15. Mr. Kerjean sent me offers of service, by the letter of my friend Pitot, in any way that he could be useful to me. This is the gentleman who had obtained for captain Dansey his permission to go to India, and furnished him with money; and also who supplied captain Loan also with a thousand dollars, for his bills. He has brought a letter for me from captain Henry, but it being sealed he thought it necessary to pass it through the office of the commandant de place: My friend Pitot kept it however until he should have my determination
Monday 16. By Mr. Labauve, I sent to Mr. Pitot a letter addressed to the Bureau of the Society of Emulation thanking them for the letter they had written to the Institute in my favour: See letter book (public) of June 15. 1806. - We have had fine weather these few days past.
Wednesday 18. Recd. my letter from Major Henry at Arcott, after it had passed the bureau; and also seven months gazettes from Madras, which Colonel Kerjean has also obligingly sent me
Friday 20. Mr. LaBauve arrived from the town with his cousin, Mons. Dumouhy. Received Madras journals up to April 20. 1806 but not complete. In that of March 15. 1805 is a long extract from the Sydney gazette, relating to me. At the same time I received a letter from Mr.Monistrol, saying that the captain general gave me permission to pass the winter in town. This was in answer to a letter I wrote some days since requesting as the Maison Despeaux was unoccupied, and the weather here exceeding cold and rainy, that I might be permitted to return to my former residence there; but that this request might not interfere with returning here again on my parole, afterwards, with the same extent of liberty as at present.
Saturday 21. Recd. from captain Bergeret a letter, wherein the probability of his departing without seeing me is mentioned. Inclosed was an official answer to my letter to the general of March 11. the verbal answer he had given me before
Sunday 22. Wrote to my friend Pitot to put write upon the packet containing my letters and his relating to me, so that should Le Creole be chased or taken it might not be thrown overboard. Requested him also to wait on Mr.Monistrol for an ex-

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1806 June 22 Sunday.
-planation of his letter - whether I was to be upon my parole or not - whether I was obliged to fix my residence in the Maison Despeaux or not; or whether I might be permitted to reside in the M.D. if I wished it. - Within this letter I inclosed one to captain Bergeret thanking him for all his kindnesses &c. see public letter of this date.
It is sometime since I have expressed the state of my sentiments and feelings, except by the letters which I have occasionally written. Disappointed in finding no orders arrived from France, and having nearly lost all my confidence in the French government (the great events in Europe which they had to occupy their attention prevented me from losing it wholly) I had formed a plan of getting back my parole and making my escape. I had even every thing arranged, but not being able to get back the parole, the design could not be accomplished. It was the contemplation of this plan which induced me to write to Mrs. F. to delay three months, before attempting any voyage which I had consented to upon the possibility of my being kept here for years. After the time of my premeditated escape, I remained some time in a state of sullen tranquillity
Revolving circumstances in my mind, two plans presented themselves. The one to escape from my parole, leaving a letter for Gen. D.C. explaining my motives, and to give myself up to the French government in Europe, with a demand for examination and justice: the dread of dishonouring my parole made me however contemplate this plan with a fearful eye. Another was to tell Gen. D.C. directly that I would no longer remain upon my parole, and after giving him a week to take his measures, to make my escape if I could. The occupation of writing my narrative prevented me from immediately executing the last, and on thinking further of it, I determined to get clear of my parole in a more quiet manner, and wrote to Mr. M. to go back to the Maison Despeaux, praying at the same time that it might be no objection to my returning back here upon my parole, with the same extent of liberty as at present. In the meantime I received a copy of the very strong letter by the S. of Em. in my favour. I weighed more maturely the probable effects of the different modes of proceeding. The many letters written in my favour, the publicity of my situation, which begins to be considerable, - the possibility of an early peace, - the arrival of my very firm friend gov. King in England, - the recompense that might possibly accrue, - the possibility of Mrs. F. embarking. In fine I determined to see the end of this extraordinary event, by which it is probable that all my papers &c. will be saved, and to take all means by writing letters of obtaining attention to my situation, and this is my present determination
Wednesday 25. Recd. an answer from my friend Pitot, that it was intended I should take up my residence in the Maison Despeaux, that no sentinel would be placed there, but that my parole would be required not to go out without permission nor receive any person who was not authorized to enter by the état-major. - This afternoon, two gentlemen named La Maïtre and Nouvelle, came from the town. Mr. André Labauve had been here upon a visit some days, and returned today
Thursday 256. I determined to go to town to speak to Mr. Monistrol upon the subject of my permission not intending however to embrace it, but to embrace take the occasion of making a little tour
Friday 267. Mr. Labauve obligingly lent me his horse and I left the Refuge after breakfast, having previously sent my servant onward. On arriving in town, I took up my lodging again in the pavilion of Mr. Rouillard, in which my friend Pitot obligingly sent a bed. After dining with my friend we paid a visit to Mr. Kerjean, who received me in a most obliging manner, conversing upon the hardships of my extraordinary situation with much interest. He expressed his desire to be of service to me in any way, though from my having such friends as Captain Bergeret and Mr. Pitot he scarcely dared offer his services. We afterwards visited captain B. who I found had the intention of going tomorrow morning to Wilhelms Plains and of paying me a visit. Called upon Mr. Curtad and after taking tea with Mr. Pitot (where I met Mr. Plumet, and was introduced to Mr. Vincent) attended the musical party of Mr. Deverinne; but being fatigued did not stop to sup. In the afternoon I had written a note to Mr. Monistrol informing of my arrival in town, and requesting to know when it would be agreeable for him to see me; he answered, that tomorrow morning he should have the pleasure to call upon me
Note. In passing the grand riviere prison, I asked permission to speak to the midshipman of the Duncan, but was informed that all the English prisoner had been exchanged yesterday, the frigate cruizing of the port having communicated by a flag of truce. The general had also sent off some a quantity of fruit and vegetables. In the town, however, it appeared that Mr. Grant the midshipman, in question, had refused to be exchanged, having found some relations here. From

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1806 - June Friday 267. continued.
From what I can learn this young man is the son of the Grant, viscount de Vaux who has written a history of the Isle of France. The only prisoners remaining are six or seven Swedes, taken by the Piedmontaise on her passage out.
Saturday 278. Breakfasted with Mr. Pitot, and received an invitation from Mr Chazal. Was visited by Mr. Monistrol and captain Bergeret. The former did not seem to think any relaxation of the restrictions could be made, but promised to offered to ask the general. I replied that to save him the trouble and me also I would remain at Wilhems Plains, and he permitted me to stay in town until tomorrow Captain Bergeret informed me, that he had had much conversation with general De Caen, concerning the letter he had received from Port Jackson. He explained more fully to him my private situation in England, and asked if there was no possibility of sending me to France; but the answer of the marine Minister, the general thought, did not leave him any liberty on this subject. - Dined at Mr Brunets, where I saw Madame Rouillard and three of her children. Her eldest daughter, Clementine, played prettily upon the pedal harp.- Called Was visited by Mr. Boand, who thought of writing to Mr. Pergo Peregaux, the banker in Paris, and father-in-law of general Marmont, to interest himself in obtaining that I might be sent to France. Called on Mr. Bickham, but find no present occasion for New York. After tea went with Mr. Pitot to spend the evening at Mr. Chazals, where we made a little concert, supped rather elegantly, and came away about one o'clock, having spent a very agreeable evening
Sunday 29. Breakfasted with Mr. Pitot, and set off at ten o'clock for Wilhems Plains. Found Mr. Cap-martin on the road making a sketch of the mountains near Mad. Modavre's. Arrived at half past one, and soon after Mr. Labauve went away to Moka and the Grand Port to assist Mr. LeMaitre in surveying his estate. Had an exceedingly fine day, which is rather uncommon at Wilhems Plains in this part of the year
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday July 2. These three days have been very cold and rainy, and consequently very disagreeable. It is even so cold as to numb the hands, and make it impossible to write many hours together. Mr LaBauve arrived from his disagreeable excursion, this afternoon.
Employed writing letters for India, being out of paper for continuing my narrative
Thursday 3. Friday 4. Saturday 5. These days all rainy. Having no paper for my narrative, employed writing letters for India and England. My friend informs me of a French frigate having got into the Grand Port, and also two prizes within these few days, notwithstanding our ships which are cruizing off the island.
Sunday 6. The prize arrived last in the Grand Port is said to be Warren Hastings from China having seperated from her convoy, and was taken 100 leagues from this island by La Piedmontaise captain Epron after an action of three hours. She had 87 killed and 18 wounded and the Piedmontaise 5 killed, which last frigate it is that came in with her. The cargo of the W. Hastings is said to have cost 600,000 dollars in China, and the French pretend to value the whole here at double that sum
Monday 7. Tuesday 8. Rainy and cold. Wednesday 9. The red flag upon the hills appears to be hauled down. Thursday 10. Yesterday fine, and this morning also. Friday 11. Learn from that all the officers and men of the Warren Hastings, captain Nicholson Larkins, were shut in in the Grande Riviere prison, and that my friend Pitot had sent to ask them for a Steeles List for me; but in vain. They spoke highly of the conduct of Messrs. Baudin and Moreau, but accused the seamen of the frigate of having pillaged them in a shameful manner. The captain being wounded in the breast, was left at Flacq at the house of Mr. Belzim, major of the quarter, an excellent man, and before known to me for his humanity to other English prisoners. - The red flag was again hoisted today and by Mr. Labauve who came from town today, it does not appear that our cruizers have ever quitted the island.
Saturday 12. I received a letter from Mr. Baudin at the Grand Port, telling me of Thos. Freegrove of the Cato being a prisoner and presenting me the respects of captain Larkins. This evening my friend Pitot came and paid me a visit; and during his stay amused himself with reading my narrative
Sunday 13. Monday 14. Rainy bad weather. My friend quitted me in the morning early.
Tuesday 15. Wednesday 16. Thursday 17. Friday 18. These days mostly rainy, but in part fine in the afternoon. On these occasions I have sometimes amused myself and my two young friends by going out ashooting, although indeed there is scarcely anything to kill. My narrative and the copy of it now advances rapidly towards a close
Saturday 19. Sunday 20. Recd. a list of the officers of the Warren Hastings; and some news of the Mr. Fowler, Franklin, and Olive. My friend gives me intelligence of the death of Sir Jos. B. but which appears to be incorrect. Monday 21. Tuesday 22. My friend Pitot informs me of the necessity he is under of making a voyage to Bourbon; and I immediately

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1806. July 22. Tuesday continued
wrote for him a letter of recommendation to the captain or commander of any of His Majestys ships; I also wrote a private letter requesting that he might be supplied with money for bills which authorized him to draw upon my agent
Mr. Chevreau obligingly sent me an express this evening to inform me of an occasion which offered for sending my letters to Boston in America, and that Mr. Bickham would recommend them to the captain of the ship, and advance the postage to New York where they would be embarked for England
Wednesday 23. By Mr. Labauve I sent three letters (to Gov. K, Mrs. F., Thos. F. with one to Mr. Wiles inclosed) to Mr Bickham and my letters for my friend Pitot.
Thursday 24. I learn from Mr. Coxwell, that he and his companions of the Warren Hastings had obtained liberty to depart for America; and from Mr Pitot that captain Larkins was expected in town. I therefore despatched Elder to get back my letters from Mr. Bickham and to put them in the hands of either capt. L. or Mr. C. l made also an application to colonel Monistrol for a permission to go to town for a day or two to see these officers
Friday 25 For these few days we have had finer weather, and less cold, than for some time
Saturday 26. Late in the evening Elder came back, bringing me a letter from
Mr. Monistrol, prefusing to grant me permission to go to town, but offered to convey letters to Capt. Larkins if I wished to send any, but of course these must be opened. I find captain L. had come to town from Flacq on Friday evening, on receiving his permission to depart by the first occasion, but it seems this was not intended to authorize him to come to town, he was therefore obliged either to stay in his chamber, stay on board the ship or return to Flacq: Elder says he preferred the latter, though the American intends to sail on Tuesday the 29th. - The officers remain shut up in the Grande Riviere still. My friend Pitot I find is to sail for Bourbon on Monday. He says that the little brig Seaflower which has joined our cruizers, heard, the day after leaving Madras, a loud cannonading which she supposed to announce some very important intelligence, possibly that of a general peace. He says also that a three masted ship has been chased by our squadron, but escaped, as is supposed, to Bourbon, by her superior sailing.
Sunday 27. Monday 28. Employed very closely, as well as Elder in preparing the copy of the narrative up to the time of leaving the Maison Despeaux, for transmission. At 5 o'clock this evening it was despatched, with a letter to Mr. Marsden and one to Sir Jos. Banks inclosed, by Elder to capt. Larkins or to Mr. Coxwell according to circumstances.
Tuesday 29. Fine weather still continues. Elder returned in the afternoon, having given my packet into the hands of captain Larkins, and bringing me a note from him and from my friend Pitot. Captain Larkins it seems obtained a thousand dollars from Mr. Pitot, another from captain Bergeret and a third from captain Epron of the Piedmontaise, and a fourth for which he had occasion, my friend expected he should be able to procure for him: he shews himself to well deserve the name of Englishmen the friend of Englishmen.
Wednesday 30. Thursday 31. Friday 1. Saturday 2. Sunday Aug. 3. I had been led to expect, that captain Larkins would pay me visit, since it seems he had not yet sailed; but this afternoon Mons. Labauve arrived, and it appeared that captain Bergeret advised him not to come without a permission, and not indeed to ask the general for one. It seems he had applied to colonel Monistrol for a permission, but he had referred him to the general. On Saturday I sent away my letters for India (Sir Ed. Pellews, Major Henrys, Mr. Smiths) written some time before.
Monday 4. Tuesday 5. During this last fortnight the weather has been occasionally fine and not so cold as is expected at this season. Reaumurs thermometer from 14º to 17º = 63º to 70º of Fahrenheit.
Wednesday 6 Had a visit from Mons. Palerne requesting a letter of recommendation for his friend Mons. Jacque Michel Menesse, and to shewing me papers authenticating the death of his father, and the identity of his friend; as also letters from a Mr McDonald to Mr. M. from which I learn that he had done many little kindnesses to several English prisoners. Mr. Palerne brought me also a letter from Mr. Menesse himself.
From Edward Pitot I learn that his brother sailed for Bourbon on the 3rd. in the afternoon, and that captain Larkins and his officers were ordered to keep themselves in readiness to sail. Jerome Bonaparte and Willaumez are said to be at St. Salvador
Wednesday 6. Thursday 7. Wrote the letter for Mons. Menesse. (See letter book of this date, public) Received a farewel and obliging letter from captain Bergeret, who apparently is in expectation of sailing in a day or two. Began to study French again, after an interval of five or six months. Captain B. informed me that capt. Larkins and his officers had sailed on the 5th.
Friday 8. Saturday 9. Sunday 10. Monday 11. The English cruizers were out of sight today according to the signal upon the hills. This day excessively cold, being rainy with wind and the thermometer from 121/2º to 14º or from 60º to 66º of Fahrenheit

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1806 Aug. Tuesday 12. Wednesday 13. The Red flag hauled down from the hills, a signal for our cruizers having taken their departure
This morning in my walk I examined several instances of climbing vines upon the forest trees. Of seven instances, the five wound round the tree in the manner that we sailors call with the sun: that is, having the tree in front, it the climber parted from the left hand to rise round the back of the tree and appeared above, on the right hand. Thus, standing on the south side of the tree and looking towards it, and the sun behind it to the north, the climber rose behind the tree to meet the rising sun; or, on the side of the tree exposed to the sun it took a direction from west to east, contrary to that of the sun. In another instance, the climber ran up the tree in a waving direction, as if in doubt which side to take, but at the height of five or six feet it took the direction opposite to that above mentioned, but had not yet made more than half a turn round the tree. The seventh instance was one of those demi climbers slender trees that have need of support on arriving at a certain height: the thickness from an inch in diameter to the size of a mans leg: on meeting with the branch of a tree inclined not less than 60º from the perpendicular, it took a whole turn round it against the sun: this direction it seemed very probably to have taken in consequence of the particular side it might be of the inclined branch it happened to encounter. I It is to be observed that the latitude of this place being only 201/2 south, the sun will be have very nearly two months of the year with a southern aspect; if therefore there is a general rule in nature for the course of climbing plants according to the direction of the sun we may expect that one-sixth of the climbing plants should differ from the majority, if not more; seeing that these two months are the hottest of the year and accompanied commonly with heavy rains
Thursday 14. Friday 15. Saturday 16. Sunday 17. Monday 18. Tuesday 19.
During these days employed sometimes upon French, sometimes upon a chart of Torres' Strait. The first days very cold but afterwards finer. Wednesday 20. This evening Mr. Boand paid me a visit. It seems that a vessel from America, and another from Tranquebar say that peace is much talked of. The Maringo and Belle Poule, with their prizes, have been taken near Cape Verd and conducted to India by an English squadron. Lord Grenville and Spencer, Mr. Fox and Grey are said to compose the present ministry in England, and upon this it seems to be that the prospect of peace is founded.
Wednesday 20. A very fine day. Walked out with Mr. Boand to the Riviere des Tamarinds and the neighbourhood.
Thursday 21. Mr B. returned to town after breakfast. Wrote to Edwd. Pitot complaining of his having kept a silence of twelve days. Thermometer these last few days from 15° to 17° or 66 to 70°. Ed. Pitot wrote me today. The taking of admiral Linois seems to be certain, with his prises seems to be certain.
Friday 22. Saturday 23. What contradictory reports! War is now said to be declared by Sweden and Prussia against France. A French squadron under contre'amiral Lessigne, of six sail destroyed at St. Domingo is also added
This afternoon Mis D. D'Arifat went to town accompanied by her brother to pass a few days with her friend Mad. Alliés
Sunday 24. The weather continues to be very fine: the roads have much dried are are now tolerably good. This morning we see the red flag again hoisted upon the hills, and it appeared afterwards that the Russel and Cornwallis had arrived to cruize off the island.
The island at this time is said to be in a very distressed state. There being bread in the colony for no more than one or two weeks, and from the length of time that any American or almost any other vessels have arrived the government are said to be without money to pay the salaries of its numerous officers. The arrival of the Warren Hastings which I learn has taken the advantage of the short absence of the English vessels, to get round from the Grand Port, will probably relieve them from the last, and the vessels that begin to arrive from Bourbon, Madagascar and Batavia, with rice and corn will shortly relieve the island from the first, if our ships do not intercept them.
Thursday 28. In the gazette of yesterday is a long list of vessels arrived, amongst which are eight with rice &c. which have come in during the fortnights absence of our cruizers; and it seems that prizes from the Bellone, Semillante, and Manchot, as well as other vessels get in almost daily, in spite of the two ships.
Saturday 30. Received from Mr. B. the copy of a letter written to Mons. Peregaux

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1806 Aug. Saturday 30
This good man has also been good enough to purchase for me necessaries at advantageous prices, and shows great disposition to do me service
Sunday 31. The winter seems to be broken up, these last 10 days having been generally fine the thermometer standing between 15° and 17° or 68° to 73°.
Monday Sept. 1. Ed. Pitot informs me of the arrival of an American ship from Bourdeaux, 5 months passage, who says that the English government have offered peace to France upon the footing of the treaty of Amiens, and that the proposal was referred to the legislative body by Bonaparte, who himself is said to wish for peace: this gives me considerable hopes of a speedy liberation.
Tuesday 2. These two days have been rainy, and colder, and seems to be a return of winter weather
Wednesday 3 Mr. Chazal having come to pass a few days at his habitation passe came with Madame to pass the day here. I borrowed a pocket compass from him, having the intention to take a few bearings in order to verify Grants chart of this island, in the parts included within my limits. Mr. Chevreau has come back to his habitation altogether, and he and his wife dine here also
Thursday 4. Friday 5. Employed upon a chart of the west side of the G. of C. on a large small scale having found in correcting that chapter of my memoir which treats of the longitude in my charts, that those of the Investigator and Cumberland would more closely approximate upon a more correct construction of the chart.
This morning we heard a cannonading at the Black River, and the signal was hoisted for an attack being made there; probably by one of our ships sending in her boats to cut out some vessel; which we were afterwards told were was occasioned by one of our ships standing closer in than usual
Saturday 76. Sunday 87. Mr. Hardouin visited us again today, being almost mad after learning English. Monday 98. Mr. Labauve brought me from the port 100 piastres from Mr P. This evening we heard a heavy cannoding to the north west, which was supposed to be occasioned by one of our ships being in chase, a brig which is said to have been taken
Tuesday 109. Wednesday 10. Thursday 11. Friday 12. Saturday 13. Sunday 14. employed closely in constructing my chart of the west side of the gulph upon a large scale . Yesterday I received a letter form Bourbon from my friend Mr Pitot, whose stay there is prolonged much beyond his first expectation; and this morning Mr. Mallac wrote me a letter requesting to be recommended to my countrymen should he be taken in his voyage to that island which he proposes to undertake immediately, and I embraced his offer of writing to my friend at the same time that I gave Mr.M. the recommendation requested (see public letters of the 13). Fine weather in generally these last days
Monday 15. Tuesday 16. Wednesday 17. This morning Mr. Labauve returned from an excursion to the town and was accompanied by Mr. Exshaw an Irish gentleman, whose family partly (French) inhabit this island and where he himself occasionally resides. He gave me information of several of our gentlemen from the maison Despeaux, whom he had seen at Madras and Pondicherry, particularly Henry, Matthews, Loan, Hawkins, and Moffat, the two last of whom had returned to England. We made an excursion to the cascades of the river of Tamarinds which he had not before seen. On Thursday 18 we had the company of Mr. and Mad. Chevreau also. On Friday 19 Mr Exshaw returned, promising me some sheets of large paper upon which to construct my chart of the Gulph of Carpentaria
Saturday 20, Sunday 21. Monday 22. This morning Mr. Labauve conducted his eldest sister back to habitation after an absence of a month; and he brought me a note from Mr. Exshaw with three sheets of paper, and a letter of thanks from Mr. Mallac written in Latin expressing hi having sailed for Bourbon some days since.
Tuesday 23. Wednesday 24. Thursday 25. With the gazette today I received a letter from Mr Ed. Pitot, informing me of the arrival of the Semillante at Bourbon, with three prizes valued at 300,000 dollars; and the captain reckons the damage done to our commerce during his cruize at 700,000
For many days, nay weeks past, I find myself declining into a state of melancholy and weakness of mind which destroys my happiness and renders me unfit for and miserable in society I could not determine to go in to dinner today, and even formed a resolution of retiring into a house of Mr. Perichons in the neighbourhood, in order to be alone when I found myself so disposed. I walked out to speak to Mr. Boistel his relation concerning it who accorded me all that he could, that is to make the demand to Mr P. to that effect.; in the evening I sent an excuse to Mad. D'Arifat

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1806 Sept. Thursday 25
for my uncommon absence, to which she answered with her accustomed goodness. - Friday 26. I sent Elder away early to town, to take Mr Boistels letter and to purchase some necessary things, and at noon wrote a letter to Mad. D. informing her of the steps I had taken and entreating the continuance of her indulgence and friendship. The afternoon and evening passed in a depression of spirits inconceivable, and before supper I received an answer from Madam D. in which she requested to know what reasons she was to give to the world for my abrupt departure. The uneasiness she seemed to have, and tainted with displeasure, added to my chagrin and I retired to my couch in a fever, whose increase, even to the causing my death I ardently desired; happily my servant waked me, from the town, with a packet of letters from England, which afforded me much consolation by the intelligence they contained. The request of Mr. Boistel to Mr. Perichon was accorded in a very handsome manner
Saturday 27. I mustered spirits enough to go to breakfast with our good family and communicated the happy intelligence I had received, and which with the soothing consolations and reasonings of Madam D. induced me to abandon my ill-omened project, demanding permission to retire to myself at such times as my spirits were too lone for society, and which she promised to me without offence. On receiving Mr Boistels polite answer at ten, I accordingly wrote him my thanks, informed him of the letters I had received, the determination I had taken not to abandon myself to unavailing melancholy more than I could avoid. I wrote also to Mr. Cap-martin, begging him to say the same for me to Mr Perichon. I endeavoured by forcing myself into society to re-establish my spirits and the little portion of assurance I possess from nature, and in this and the following day Sunday 28. partly succeeded: we had the visit fo Mr. Hardouin and were promised that of Mr. Plumet the Sunday following
Monday 29. Weather rainy these two days. Find myself better this morning, and hope to escape the gulph which I cannot contemplate without horror. We have news of the arrival of a Danish vessel which is said to bring interesting intelligence, and of a French corvette, having been chased from the island by our cruizers: she is supposed to come from France. Tuesday 30. Wednesday 31 Oct 1. Thursday October 2 . This afternoon I paid a visit to Mad. Meurvilles family which had returned to the country within these few days. The family was increased by the arrival of three sons from France and America, after a very tedious passage. The arrival of a ship from New York and the Cape, is said to announce the capture of Buenos Ayres by Sir Home Popham and the contribution of a million and a half upon the inhabitants; als also that the emperor of Russia had attacked the King of perfidious King of Prussia and beaten him.
Friday Nov Oct 23. Weather still rainy. Find my spirits much composed within these few days. Saturday 34. Sunday 45. This evening our family and that of Mad. Meurville spent the supped and sung, and played at cards at Mr Chevreau's. Weather finer these two days
Monday 56. Tuesday 67. The weather become very cold, so that the thermometer has fallen back again to 121/2º or 60° Farenheit. Wednesday 78. Finished my chart which of the west side of the Gulph of Carpentaria upon a scale of 12 inches to a degree, and in the afternoon I set out with Mr. Labauve to make a visit of a few days to Mr. and Mrs. Curtat in the quartier du tamarin, where we arrived before sunset and found every body inspecting a fish pond which Mr. C's slaves were employed clearing. In the evening we took a lesson at Tric-trac from Mr. C., and the Abbé Carrier who with his nephew were spending the law vacation there.
Thursday 89. Mr Curtats fish ponds and sugar house, in which last the manufactory of sugar had commenced within two or three days, occupied us in the morning. At dinner there were a small party of neighbours assembled, and amongst others a Mons. Défait, once captain of grenadiers in the French army of India at the time of M. de Suffrein, and a chevalier of St Louis, but now a planter at Tamarin, with whom I had a long conversation upon the French revolution and the war in India. Our evening passed at Tric-Trac.
Friday 910. At the sugar-house in the morning. In the afternoon Mr. Labauve and me paid a visit to Mr. Suasse where I had the gratification of hearing Madame [indecipherable] the pedal harp: we also visited the family Labut, and passed the evening after our return, as usual at tric-trac. A Mons. Lelievre, who had a son-in-law

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1806 Oct. Nov. Oct Friday 910.continued
engaged in the expedition of M. Baudin, invited me and the younger part of our party to visit the sea side near which was his house, and to breakfast with him.
Saturday 1011. With Mess. Labauve, Fadry, and Charreton, I set out early for the sea side, having our guns and some dogs to amuse ourselves in shooting by the way: we saw but two spotted partridges, which are nearly as large as those of England, but killed nothing. The sea side was not more than half a league, and on arriving there we found a Danish vessel, which having the intention to enter Port N.W. in the night, had by mistake run on shore upon the open coast here: she lay without side the reef, and about half a mile from the shore, and did not seem to be very fast: she had been boarded by a boat from the Black-River, which had quitted her on one of our English cruizers appearing in sight. After breakfast we returned home, but went back again after dinner, when the English ship, a 74 was working up near the Dane, and had sent his boat to her. Mons. Lelievre informed us that Mr. Deglos, a relation of Mr. Pitot and to whom I had given a letter of recommendation, had landed from the Dane and gone to Port N.W. We stopped until the English boat returned from the Dane, having apparently taken out one or two persons, perhaps the captain with his papers, and on arriving on board the 74 he made out towards Port N.W., why I could not understand. -
I learned, that a company's cruizer [indecipherable] with money on board had been taken by the Piemontaise, which after taking out 30,000 dollars had despatched his prize to this island and that she was arrived at the Black-River: the prize said also, that the P. had taken another ship and sank her after taking out 100,000 dollars. A Hamburgh ship was reported to have arrived from England in three months, giving for intelligence that the Emperor of Russia was about to make peace with France, but that England had refused the conditions offered by Bonaparte.
Sunday 12. I walked down early towards the seashore with a glass, to see the state of the Dane. Two boats were just leaving her to return to the Black River, whither they appeared to have come at daylight. I saw several persons upon the reef, but the English ship was not in sight. After breakfast we took leave of The wind has been very southwardly for some days, and should it come to the west, the Dane must be infallibly lost and perhaps her cargo also, or spoiled. At present however she is said to have received very little damage. After breakfast we took leave of our good hosts and returned to Wilhems Plains. As we mounted the high land Mr. L. perceived that the Dane had fallen over on her side, with her masts to the sea; in which case there is little hopes of her being got off, and not much greater of her cargo being saved.
We arrived soon after noon, and found our excellent friends at the Refuge in good health but suffering from the cold; the change of climate indeed between the quartier of tamarind and the Plaines de Wilhems is very great. We felt the wind from the southward in gusts, in the former, but the sun shone strong and the weather was sufficiently warm for tropical constitutions, the thermometer probably from 75 to 78; but on ascending the Plains we found a strong breeze, with rain and thick hazy weather, and the thermometer by supposition from 62º to 65º. - This visit to Tamarins I had undertaken in order to enliven my spirits and I have obtained a small portion of gaiety by it, but it does not penetrate very deep; indeed I fear the state of my mind is too much deranged for any thing but a liberation from this imprisonment to produce a radical cure: my reason is become more and more weak and the imagination more and more strong, what may be the end I fear to think.
Monday 1213. The weather still windy and rainy.
Tuesday 21. Passed the last week rather melancholily as usual. Employed in correcting the chapters of the memoir relative to my charts, particularly that on the longitude and on Torres Strait. The weather today finer, and since these 4 or 5 days, it has ceased to be cold.
At noon, we had a visit from Mr. Curtat and the Abbé Carrier, who had taken their route to Tamarin this way, in order to visit Mr. Labauve, who for some days has been confined to his room by the mal de mouton attended with fever. They continued their journey in the evening, having obtained a promise from us to make a visit to Tamarin on Sunday next if Mr. Labauve should be in a state to take the journey.

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1803 Oct. Wed. 22
Edw. Pitot informed me today that he had in his possession a letter for me, which had arrived in the Hamburgh ship from Portsmouth, and requested me to send my servant for it, not chusing to entrust it to the black who brings the bazard. In the afternoon I despatched Elder, upon a mare Mr. Labauve was good enough to spare me
Thursday 23. My servant arrived at eight, with a letter from Mr. Aken, dated at New York which as I had received later from him in England, was not so interesting. After breakfast, I walked to the mare aux Vacouas, to take some bearings for a chart of the limits of my parole, which I have commenced; called up Mr. Chevreau in passing and he lent me the plan of his habitation, as did Mad. D'Arifat.
Friday 24. We had today the visit of Mr. Cap-martin and of a Mr. Morin, a friend of the family: the former returned to Palma after dinner
Saturday 25. For several days I have heard from my pavilion the continual howling of a dog upon a neighbouring plantation, and my servant tells me that it arises from the proprietor of a small habitation having tyed a dog in his field of Indian corn for the purpose of frighten the monkies: in order to make him cry continually, he gives him nothing to eat; so that he cries for two or three days and then dies of hunger and fatigue: he had added that two or three dogs had already received this treatment. Elder said he would go and cut the dog loose, but being shocked at such cruelty; but I forbid him preferring to mention it some one who knew better than we did the consistence of such proceeding with the received usages. On mentioning the circumstance to Mr. Labauve, he said, it was a common custom custom amongst the smaller proprietors, who could not afford slaves to watch their corn, to tye dogs up in that manner, and did not seem to think much of it, though far from approving it.
On sending to borrow the plan of Mad. Couves habitation, I received an invitation to dine, and celebrate the fête, or saints day, but being engaged to Mr. Curtat was obliged to procure: she had not the particular plan of her habitation
Sunday 26. After dinner I set off for the Quartier des Tamarin alone, Mr Labauve being too ill to accompany. M. Morin departed at the same time for the port.
On arriving I found Messrs. Monneson, Martin-monchamp, and Laroche at Mr. Curtats in addition to the usual society there. With the two former and the Abbé Carrier I made up a party of whist.
Monday 27. Whist in the morning. At noon the whole party set off for the Bay with two seins & blacks. We had two canoes, and in the course of four or five hauls in this river caught mullet, lubines, and carp to serve us and send to the neighbours. we dined under the a large tamarin tree and had good appetites, good cheer, and lively conversation. In the evening, Messrs. Heerbeck and Defait joined us and engaged the whole party to dine on the two following days. Evening, whist.
Tuesday 28. Still whist. Dined à la garçon with Mons. Defait, major of the quarter and an formerly a chevalier de St. Louis and captain of granadiers. Eat much, drank more, laughed a great, forgot my unfortunate situation, and on returning in the evening retired to my couch.
Wednesday. Tric-track. Dined with M. & Mad. Heerbeck and returned home earlier. Tric-trac. Lost almost every party as well as at whist before.
Thursday. A large party at Mr. Curtats amongst this M. Genieve proprietor of the excellent habitation at the Grande Black River, from whom I had an invitation to pass some days; but could not accept it without a permission. Mons. Martin-m. also, and M. Défait pressed me to visit them.
In the evening returned home to my Refuge having staid two days longer than I had intended. Found our family in good health but sorrowful on account of the illness of the only son of our neighbour Chevreau. Found two letters from my correspondent ED. Pitot and several American and Calcutta news-papers
Friday Oct. 31. Visited Mr. Chevreau
Saturday Nov. 1. Received a letter from M. Chales Baudin who had arrived in the Fame, country ship, made a prize by the Pedmontaise. Mr. B. sent me a Steeles List he had obtained from one of the prisoners for me

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Nov. 2. 1806. Sunday
Mad. Curtat arrived this morning with Mr. Charton, to pass a few days with our family.
Monday 3. Walked in the morning to see the cascades. Fine weather. Sent back the newspapers to Mr.E.P. and wrote to Mr. Baudin.
Tuesday 4. Wednesday 5. Thursday 6. Raining in the afternoon, usually: the summer rains appearing to have commenced. Made a visit this morning to Mr. and Mrs. Chazal who had returned to their habitation from the town. Engaged by Chazal to frequent his house and join him on his project of painting landscapes. Borrowed the plan of his habitation to insert upon the Sketch of my limits.
Thursday 6. This afternoon Mad. Curtat and Mr. Charton left us to return to the town.
Friday. 7. Sat. 8. Sunday 9. Accompanied Mr. Labauve to dine with Mr. Palerne. We found Mr. and Mrs. Chazal at the house on our return. The weather rainy in the afternoons these days, the summer rains seeming to have commenced.
On Friday I had a visit from Mr. Boand who intends to depart soon for India: he returned Saturday afternoon.
Tuesday 11. I set off with Mr. Labauve to dine with Mr. Plumet, who received us kindly. We examined a house he is building, the plan of his garden, dined and then went to Mocha to the house of Mad. Lachaise, where we suped and slept, having first paid a short visit to Mr. Froberville and made an arrangement to spend the following day with him
Wednesday 12. Went to Mr. F.'s after breakfast, and had much conversation with him concerning the history of Ratsimala-ô chief of a considerable tribe of Madicasses on the east north east part of Madagascar. He was a Mulatto, son of an Englishman whose name they pronounce Tham. This chief died about 1756 or 57, and his history was collected by M. Mayeur who lived in Madagascar 30 years travelled much in the north, the west and south parts of the island, as also in the interior: and was intimate with the son of this chief named Denzemhale (I think). Mr. Mayeur transmitted his various papers to Mr. Froberville to be put in order for publication; and he now wished me to assist him in the transmission of his manuscript to France. The voyage expeditions into the interior, Mr. F. had also arranged from M. Mayeurs notes
We dined with Mr. F. in company with the family Lachaise, and returned home in the evening, when we found the family well, and our neighbour Mrs. Chevreau just brought to bed of a daughter. Fine weather during these two days. No letters or news from the town.
Thursday 13. Received today letter from my friend Pitot at Bourbon inclosed in one from his brother Edward, but there is no prospect of his speedy return. The red flag is not hoisted today, from which it appears that our cruizers are gone. An attempt was made to cut out a ship from the black river, but one of the three boats got upon the reef, the officer and three men were drowned and fourteen made prisoner, it is said. The two other boats returned to their ship, and the squadron are said to have made sail immediately.
Friday 14. This afternoon I paid a visit to Mr. Chazal, to see how he proceeded in his landscape painting. I stopped to sup and afterwards returned.
Saturday 15. Sunday 16. The Meurvilles, with F.Pitot, Aug. La Chaise &c. dined here today.
Monday 17. These few days I have occupied myself with reading Forsters voyages to the north, and with making a sketch of my limits; a copy from a chart of the island, which however is very imperfect. Weather dull, and rainy in the P.M. War is said to be declared between Prussia and Sweden. France said to have sent 45,000 into Turkey
Wednesday 19. Dined with Mr. Chevreau, and accompanied our ladies in the evening upon a visit to Mr. Bostel and Mad. Bouloc. Met on the road Mad. Meurville who was coming to request of me a letter recommending her brother in law M. Robert to the favour of my countrymen in case he should be stopped on his voyage to Calcutta.
Thursday 20. M. Murat breakfasted with us, and gave me the necessary information relative to M. Robert, and afterwards I wrote the letter requested and sent it by Elder
Dined today with Mr. Chazal and accepted an invitation to accompany him and his lady upon a visit to Menil, the habitation of her mother. Bonaparte is said to be in Italy. The red flag was not up today. Our cruizers have again disappeared, but it is probably for a few days only, as they did about a week since
Friday 21. The red flag was again hoisted today
Sunday 23. Recd. intelligence that peace was much spoken of in the Madras gazettes: a vessel having arrived from thence, Oct with one dated Oct. 16.

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1806 Nov. Monday 24. Tuesday 25. Wednesday 26. These three days I occupied myself with the French, principally in translation. In reading, I have never ceased to continue receiving a lesson almost every day from my two fair instructresses, whose studies in writi reading and writing English I have regularly continued to superintend. The weather is in general fine, but we have a summer shower of rain occasionally: for the plantations the season has hitherto been excellent. Today, I received a letter from Bourbon from my friend Tommy Pitot, wherein he, and his brother in another letter, informed me of magazines, Madras Gazettes, and reviews which he had received from India. After dinner I despatched my servant to the town for them
Thursday 27. Received the gazettes. QMonthly, magazines, critical reviews, monthly reviews, and a London register: the gazettes came down to Sept. 27. last, and the magazines to Jan. 1806. In this last I see mention made of my paper on the variation of the compass, which had been read before the Royal Society and inserted in their transactions
Friday 28. Saturday 29 Wrote a letter to my wife, which I transmitted to Mr. Boand to be send on board a ship for Lubeck. Saturday 29. Sunday 30. Mr. Labauve came from from the town this morning, accompanying Mad. Alliés who came to spend a week with our ladies.
Dec. Monday 1. Tuesday 2. Wednesday 3. The weather occasionally rainy. The season excellent for the habits.
Thursday 4. Friday 5. Saturday 6. Mad. Alliés returned today. Weather generally raining in the afternoon
Sunday 7. Dined with Mr. Chazal and spent an agreeable day. Gained 28 fiches at tric-trac. My friend and correspondent Edward Pitot has not written to me now these eleven nine days: he is not so constant as his brother. -
Monday 8. Employed as these two or three days past in correcting my journal, and in writing letters for England. Tuesday 9. Wednesday 10. Thursday 11. Employed as before
Friday 12. Sent my letters for England to the town, to be forwarded by An American ship to Boston. My correspondent Edouard Pitot seems to have almost given up writing to me; it seems to me either that he has something very particular in hand, or that he is desirous of breaking off my acquaintance. Mr. Cap-martin, however, has written to me today wherein he says apprehensions are entertained of a continental war again taking place. - We have had no ships cruizing off this island for some time, but an American ship for New York arrived a few days since is said to have been spoken by the Cornwallis, two days previous to her arrival. Sat. 18 At length I receive a letter from my correspondent, with a request for two letters of recommendation, for Mr. Deglos and Mr. Gravier. I receive also one from my dear friend Tommy Pitot
Sunday 14. Rainy weather. Despatched the letters requested, and wrote to Ed. Pitot, and also to Mr. Boand. This morning several vessels are signalized, and amongst other a ship of the state. In the afternoon another Imperial ship was signaled. This evening we were visited by the families Chazal and Meurville, accompanied by Frederic Pitot. The latter applied to me for a letter of recommendation in case of his being taken in a voyage he projects to Batavia, instead of going to relieve my friend Tommy his cousin
Monday 15 The signal was up this morning for the second ship of war, but was soon after changed for that of an enemy cruizing on the south side of the island. - Wrote the letter in favour of Frederic Pitot. - The signal changed again for a French ship of war, which seems to have arrived about noon
Tuesday 16. Returned some American newspapers, with which I had been favoured. The signal up this morning for an enemy cruizing off the island. After dinner walked to Mr. Chazals, and spent the evening with him. On my return found Mr. Labauve returned from his excursion round the island, accompanied by Messrs. Regnard, Goe, Ghrisolet, Florist, and Auguste La Chaise
Wednesday 17. Walked with these gentlemen to view the Tamarind cascades. I learn today that La Piémontaise had arrived in port with 320,000 dollars on board, and that she expects a prize to arrive having 60,000 more. This ship has taken, or done injury to the English commerce, to the amount of a million and a half of dollars, within the last eight months! The English ship which came in sight immediately after the Piemontaise, I am informed is the Russel Scepter. Our strangers departed after dinner
Thursday 18. This morning the red-flag was down, and a signal up for a French brig to leeward from which it appears the Scepter does not cruize within sight of the island. Made a visit this evening to Mr. Bostel, and got thoroughly wet, the rains that fall at this time of the year are usually very heavy:- Friday 19. Dined with Mr. Chazal in company with Messrs. Chevreau and Labauve. Spent a tric-trac afternoon and a musical evening
Saturday 20. I know not what to think of my correspondent E.P. I have written to him frequently to know whether I could be accommodated in the pavilion of his brother-in-law, but he gives me no answer and indeed writes very seldom: yet he does not asks me for letters of recommendation. With his brother I still keep up a correspondence of intimacy and friendship, as close as distance will allow.
It is sometime that I have not spoken of the state of my mind. I have so far overcome my propensity to melancholy reflexion, as no longer to experience that poignant anguish that oppressed

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1806 Dec.20
oppressed me in September and October last; but there is a weight of sadness at the bottom of my heart, that presses down and enfeebles my mind. Every thing with respect to myself is viewed on the darkest side. The little knowledge I have is not reckoned or is unappreciated; that which I have not is exaggerated: the errors or faults I have committed are exaggerated, whilst those of my actions which might bear the name of good, are depreciated. In society I have no confidence nor scarcely presence of mind; any little pleasantry either upon myself, or the peculiarities of others, if they have any relation to, or seem to be thought to have any relation to me, puts me out of countenance. I am satisfied nowhere. When in company I wish the time came to break up, and when alone I am no more happy. Sometimes when I forget myself in my occupations, I cease to be miserable; but this is not often, for such a stupefaction has taken possession of my senses, that it is with some difficulty I can force myself to serious application. Sleep, that sweet calmer of human woes, is my great resource, and I accordingly sleep much. I may truly say, that I have no pleasure in life: the nearest approximation to it is to forget my pain. How many little incidents are there in life, that we pass over lightly when in good health and spirits¸but which afflict us under the contrary circumstances: that morbid sensibility to trifles is unhappily mine. Miserable state! the energy of my mind is I fear lost for ever; or is not to be recalled except by some great change of situation. Perhaps a restoration to liberty, and to my family might effect this, but I doubt if any less could do it: I now perceive what is meant by the state of a hypochondriac.
Sunday 21. Accepted an invitation to dine at Mr. Chevreaus, in company with Messrs. Labauve and Boistel. Paid a visit after dinner to Mad. Couves family, and afterwards supped where we dined: having passed an agreeable day. Sent an application to Mr. Monistrol for permission to go to town for two or three days, having occasion for money.
Monday 22. Made a little expedition with Mr. Labauve to the Mare aux Vacouas. The mare itself is not more than 21/2 or 3 miles round, but its borders are marshy and muddy, so that we were obliged to make 5 or 6 miles. There are several hundred of acres of marshy incultivable land surrounding the mare or lake, through which run five of six small streams from the surrounding high land into the mare. The only stream that goes directly out of it, is the Riviere du Tamarind, and it appears to carry off as much water as falls into the mare from all the other streams so that there does not appear to be any considerable spring in it. I was desirous of obtaining from some point on the mare, the bearing of some two known fixed points, such as the Piton of the Grand Bassin or of the Riviere Noire with the Montagne du corps des gardes. The two first may been seen from different positions but I could not get a sight of the last to intersect them, probably from the rainy thick weather which prevailed the whole day. Our walk was a difficult troublesome one, being very frequently up to the knees in mud, and when we had a firm bottom, the difficulty of forcing our way through the small, but exceedingly thick wood was not less. We had our guns and some dogs, but we saw no game, if two or three monkies are excepted which we did not kill, but the marks of wild hogs were very abundant. The Madam Céré, a small red fish brought from China or Batavia (Mr. Grant says the latter but the generality of those I have heard speak of it in the island say the former) with which the Mare abounds, have dispersed themselves into all the little streams that fall into it. This seems to be an enterprising fish - We returned completely wet, and covered with mud, at two oclock .
Tuesday 23. Weather still thick and rainy. At length I receive a letter from E. Pitot whose state of health had led him to pass a week at Poudre d'Or. His letter contains every thing I could desire and relieves me from much uncertainty, as to his disposition towards me.
From Mr. Boand I learn, that a colonel and a captain of cavalry are at present confined in the Grande Riviere prison: the former is said to be the nephew of Lord Macartney.
Wednesday 24. Weather very thick, and almost constantly rainy.
Thursday 25. Friday 26. Went this morning by invitation to spend the day with Mr. Chazal, to let him take a copy of my face, of the natural size, of which he finished the ebsuche. Spent the afternoon and evening at tric-track, in walking, and music very agreeably.
Friday 26. Saturday 27. This evening I received an affirmative answer to my application for a permission to go to the town for a few days, from Colonel Monistrol, couched in very polite terms. The son of Mr. Froberville came to pay a visit to his cousins.
Sunday 28. We had the visit of Messrs. Pitots, P. Meurville and Gravier this evening, as also of the ladies Meurville, Chevreau, and Mr. and Mad. Chazal, the latter of whom staid supper
Monday 29. I sent off my servant and a black with a trunk, and set off on horseback for the town at 10 o'clock. The object of my voyage journey being to obtain cash for a set of bills and to purchase some little presents for our ladies against New Years Day. I arrived at one, paid a short visit to Mr. and Mrs. Curtat and dined with Mr. Pitot, where I also drank tea. In the evening, I paid a visit to Mr. Bickham with whom I supped.
Tuesday 30. Had a visit from Mr. Boand who undertook to get my bills cashed, at the rate of four-and-half piastres for a guinea. Visited Mad. Curtat to consult her upon the objects to present to my hostesses. Called to pay a visit to Mr. Monistrol who was out. Recd. a short visit from the abbé Carrier. - The weather very warm in the town. Réaumurs thermometer standing at 23º = 84º of Fahrenheit. Sent Elder to the Grande-Riviere prison to make enquiries

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1806 - Dec. Tuesday 30.
enquiries of the English prisoners confined there, and particularly the two officers, but he was not allowed to go in. he saw, however Freegrove one of the Cato's seamen who had been shipwrecked with us on Wreck Reef, to whom he gave a dollar, and the best news he could. It seems the officers and men are not permitted to have any communication with each other, though in the same prison.
Dined with Mr. Curtat, and then went out with Mr. Boand to purchase a box of chalk paints, and some coloured paper with the intention of presenting them to Mr. Labauve - Supped with Mr. Brunet. Recd. a complimentary letter from Mr. Froberville at Moka, on the approaching new year, and Mr. Boand gave me a letter dated on the 27th. of Sept. from lieut. Wrayford of the Sceptre.
Wednesday 31. Weather fine but very warm. Therm. now (81/2 h) 21º or 79º. Recd. a letter from my young friend Mr. Baudin from on board the prize, Fame, where he is under arrest by order of the captain general. Visited Mad. Curtat, after having received the purchases she had the goodness to make for me. Paid a visit to Mr. Monistrol who received me politely, but said the capt-general would not permit me to see the officers, prisoners in the Grande Riviere. Walked out with Mr. Boand in the evening, saw Mr. Monnerber and looked at his house called Codans. Had visits from Mr. Gravier and Cap-martin. Dined with Mr. Deverinne. Visited Mad. Alliés and Mr. Morin and drank tea with them. Did not go out afterwards Wrote and sent a letter to my friend T. Pitot.
Thursday Jan. 1 1806. Breakfasted as usual with Mr. Pitots family. Visited Mad. Curtat after receiving the presents she had the goodness to purchase for me. Recd. a letter from my friend Baudin on board the Fame, prize. Dined at Mr. Brunets, and supped with Mr. Deglos. Was visited by Mr. Marshall, a young Scotsman, late surgeon of the Fame, who having transm received permission to go to England by the way of Hamburgh, took charge of my letters which had been written some time since, and left with Mr. B. to be forwarded, but from whom I now took them back. Arranged all my affairs so as to depart early tomorrow morning; the principal of them was to obtain money for my bills of exchange drawn for my pay for six months, and which Mr. Boand procured for me at the rate of 4-1/2 dollars for a guinea, consequently for my bills of £66.4 he gave me 283 dollars.
Friday Jan. 2. Set off at half past 5 in the morning, and breakfasted with Mr. Chazal at eight. Returned to the Refuge directly after, and on the arrival of my trunk, presented a pocket housewife of morocco, containing various little instruments; to the young ladies three fashionable hats, with sweetmeats, to which a pretty needle case for the eldest was added; to Mr. L. a box of pastels with drawing paper, and to the little boys, pocket knives, the wh with sweetmeats, amounting in the whole to 52 dol. with which I had the gratification to find them well pleased.
Saturday 3. Wrote to Mr. Baudin, and to Col. Monistrol, with some small shells which the latter had requested of me accompanied the letter. In the evening went to Mr. Chazals, spent the evening with him and slept there. Sunday 4 After breakfast we two set off for Mr. Airolles at Menil, where we found Mr. and Mad. Chevreau, and Mr. Labauve joined us at dinner from Moka where he had been to pay celebrate St. Genevieve, the fête of his aunt Madame Lachaise. Mr. and Mad. Burgesse were of our party at dinner also. The day mostly spent at Bouillote, at which I do not know, nor desire to know how to play. Chazal made a party with me in the evening at piquet à écrire. The company called in at Mr. Barrys (an irish officer in the French service) where I saw Madame, her mother, and a Mr. Boang, lately arrived from India where he had been made prisoner. The latter supped with us, and I learned that capt. Brown was an officer of the port of Calcutta, and that my situation here was much talked of in India. It was demanded how the French inhabitants of Chandernagore lived? Mr. B. replied that they were supported by the British government at the expense of between 3 and 400,000 dollars annually, and he believed that if the place should be returned to the French that many of them would die of hunger. He spoke handsomely of his public treatment in India and of the hospitality and politeness of with which he had received from individuals
Monday 5. Returned, every person to his home, and I arrived to breakfast
Tuesday 6. Wednesday 7: Went to Mr. Chazals to give him another sitting for my portrait, and he prevailed upon me to dine, spend the afternoon and stop all night, to give him another sitting. His att Thursday 8. Mad. Lachenardiere arrived at Mr. Chazals. Having given him a third long sitting, I returned home, against much persuasion, to dinner. I found a Mr. Malherbe who, a friend of Mr. Labauve, who had arrived yesterday. Weather dull but not altogether rainy.
Friday 9. Invited to dine with Mr. Chevreau After breakfast went again to give Mr. Chazal another sitting, and the portrait not being quite finished, I remained the night, and the next day Saturday 10, it was finished by noon. The weather very rainy and

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1807 Jan. Saturday 10
and threatening a gale of wind, or rather a hurricane for it has blown a gale these last 24 hours. Not being able to return home I staid all night. In a conversation on religion, I found sentiments of tolerance pushed further even than mine. I believe, that Voltaire is pretty generally read amongst the married ladies here as well as in France; and that their fidelity to their husbands does not arise from religion, nor I think from fear of shame: little slips are spoken of, and laughed at, but do not prevent either one party or the other from being admitted into all societies.
Sunday 11. Returned home very early, by which I escaped heavy rain which fell afterwards. When not otherwise occupied, I have lately employed myself, either in correcting my narrative, of which Elder is employed making a fresh copy, - in reading Grants history of the Isle of France and making notes upon it, - or in translating into French the history of my cat Trim, which I wrote out for the purpose.
Monday 12. Weather still very thick and rainy, and though we hope no hurricane will ensue it is yet far from being certain. Tuesday 13. Wednesday 14. Weather still rainy. In the gazette of today as in that of last week, I see long diatribes against England: in which, amongst some truth, falsity and virulence seem to contend for the preference: these are copied from the American paper, the Aurora of Philadelphia.
Thursday 15, weather still rainy. Employed in writing a letter to the president and members of the Society of Emulation, upon the Wreck Reef Bank and its neighbour and the loss of La Pérouse. Paid a visit to and drank tea with Mad. Couves family. Rainy at times.
Friday 16. Weather finer this morning, but we had rain in the course of the day.
Saturday 17. Do. weather this morning. Sunday 18. Monday 19. Weather still continues rainy, and we hear that at Bourbon it has been so heavy as to have done infinite mischief, and drowned 600 blacks and some families of whites.
Tuesday 20. Weather somewhat finer this morning, but a heavy summers rain with thunder and lightening during the middle part of the day. A beautiful moonlight evening induced me to walk after supper till near midnight. The subject of my thoughts was, should should I find it necessary to employ myself in the regular service of the navy, it would be requisite for me to take a three months cruize in a frigate, with captain Tobin or some other good officer, and afterwards three other months on board some admirals ship in order to recal and improve my knowledge of the service and good discipline, as well as to learn something of the duty of a captain commanding a ship of the line: The former of these would even be very proper, previous to embarking again for the prosecution of my discoveries
Wednesday 21. Fine weather in the morning and evening, but heavy rain at noon, as yesterday. Went after dinner to pay a visit to Mr. and Mrs. Chazal, accompanied by Mr. Labauve. After examining his paintings and drawings in chalk, I passed the evening in accompanying Madame in Stilbelts Sonatas whilst Mr. Labauve made a party at tric-trac with Monsieur: we found them both with head-achs and eaten up with vapours, but left them in better health and in good spirits
Thursday 22. Fine weather this morning and continued so throughout the day.
Friday 243. Fine in the rainy, rainy at noon, with a lighter air from the northwest. Mr. and Madame Chazal called this evening in returning to their house, and they persuaded me to accompany them. I spent the evening in music, and being prevented from returning by the a shower of rain, stayed all night.
Saturday 254. Took a long walk with Mr. C. along the summit of the ridge of hills which border his plantation towards Tamarinds, where we enjoyed several fine views; but got wet in returning, the rain falling at noon, as usual for the last several days. Our afternoon occupied at tric-trac. I returned home in the evening and passed it with our ladies: Mr. Labauve being gone to the town.
Sunday 265. Fine weather, but rainy in the afternoon. Mr. and Mrs. Chazal spent the day and evening here. Mr. Murat also came in the evening. Disputes at tric-trac.
Monday 276. A French and a foreign ship signaled this morning: the former these last two days. An Arab ship, prize to the Deux Soeurs, privateer, is said to be arrived. Many vessels of this kind have been made prizes and sent here, though no war exists between the Turks, Arabs, or Moors and the French; but they are rich, and they are brought in on suspicion of either being English or connected with with merchants of India. They Not finding, however, that the property is English, they are not condemned, but they are sequestred for the government of the island, until the French government shall decide whether they are to be prizes or not: it is scarcely to be doubted that right will be on the strongest side. The moors will get nothing back, the privateers probably nothing, the government will keep all. An exceeding fine morning but at noon heavy rain, with severe thunder and lightening. The bridge across our Riviere du Rempart carried away, though it has resisted the rains this year to this time: it must have rained very heavy in the middle

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1807 Jan. Monday 276
in the middle of the island. Mr. Meurville visited us with his daughters this evening. It seems his plantation at Bourbon has been spared in the two gales of the last year in a surprising manner. He has reaped 240 bags of coffee, while superior plantations have not reaped the moiety. 240 bags sold at l7 dollars on the spot, amount to 4080 dollars or about a thousand pounds, a very pretty revenue did it come to him
Tuesday 287. Fine weather this morning as usual. Two brigs signaled to day, and one or more ships yesterday. These are said to be mostly prizes from Bourbon. Rain in the afternoon
Wednesday 298. The gazette speaks of communications havin being in train in the month of May last, between Russia, France and England which might lead to a peace, but so much time has passed since, and there seems to be so many difficulties in the way of peace; that they do not appear to have succeeded.
Mr. Labauve returned from town this evening, but brings nothing new. It seems that commerce is in a state of stagnation past example. - It was on this day last year and in 18045 that vessels arrived from France, I therefore look every for some interesting intelligence. For these three or four days I have enjoyed a tranquillity of mind beyond what I have been accustomed to: The Emile of Rousseau is partly the cause of it; in looking into myself I find more reason to be satisfied with myself than when making a comparison with the general manners of the world
We had a very fine morning but heavy rain at two o'clock.
Thursday 29. Fine weather, rainy in the afternoon as usual.
Friday 30. Fine weather throughout the day; warm, but not disagreeably so
Saturday 31. Fine, warm weather. Accompanied the family this evening upon a visit to Mad. Chazal, with whom the eldest of the young ladies had passed two days. Windy weather in the evening, with some rain
Sunday Feb.1. Recd. this morning a letter from Mr. Pitot inclosing a long one from his brother, who seems to expect his return from Bourbon in two or three weeks. Ensign B. and Mr. Capmartin paid me a visit this morning and spent the day. the former remained all night and departed early the next morning: he informed me that the Athenienne with the China convoy two years since passed thro' Bass' Strait and took their route by the N.E. to avoid admiral Linois' squadron. They passed through safely and without difficulty
Monday 2. Rainy weather almost the whole of this day.
Tuesday 3. Find my health a little deranged these last two days by a fever and head-ach: incapable of doing anything but read
Wednesday 4. Weather dull and cloudy, as yesterday, with squalls of wind and rain at times. No signal up during the last four or five days. It is curious the see the gazette here filled with invectives against the English and their tyranny on the seas, whilst the frigates and privateers of the island are making prizes of almost all the Arab ships they can meet with; four of five have been lately sent. Credit must be granted to the French editors for qualifying so neatly the faults of their own government, and exaggerating those of their enemies: the mis failure of an enterprise or a misfortune which happens to England is a just punishment for crimes which ought to excite the indignation of all Europe, whilst the same thing happening to France is a salutary caution not to put too much confidence in alli feeble allies, or is the effect of the perfidies of a treacherous enemy. A success for England is an act of tyranny against the just rights of other nations, and ought to render her odious in their eyes; whilst the a success for the great nation is the effect of valour and foresight, must redound to her immortal glory, and increase the confidence and reverence which with which the astonished world regards her: this is called eloquence. At first, they made my anger rise, but at present they make me laugh: they are become nauseous even to the greater part of the French themselves, at least here; and I believe more confidence is put in a gazette from England than in one from France; though judging from their own government, many think that our successes are exaggerated and our losses either wholly or in part hid. There are in the I.of France who believe to this day, that in the gale that succeeded the battle of Trafalgar, we lost 19 ships of the line, and although I shew them a Steeles list of our navy wherein the station of each ship is given, two months after the action.
Thursday 5. Rainy weather. Find myself much better this morning and tranquil. Employed in writing the my journal from the time of leaving the Maison Despeaux to July 1806
Friday 6. A fine day. Saturday 7. Rainy this morning and during a great part of the day
Sunday 8. Dull, with occasional small rain, wind S.E ward. In the evening a strong breeze from ENE with heavy rain, thunder, and lightning: the wind and rain continued all night.
Monday 9. Fresh gale from the East, with thick weather and almost constant rain. Heavy rain till past noon, when it cleared up a little
Tuesday 10. Dull weather, with showers of rain at times. Little wind.
Wednesday 11. Do. weather. Tolerable weather throughout. Signal up for French ship to windward.
Thursday 12. Fine weather. We learn that a prize is arrived in the black River; and a Bremen ship from Batavia.

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1807 Feb. 13 Friday. Fine weather. Walked out to Mr.Chazals with the intention of proposing to him a party down to the entrance of the Tamarind valley, but found him not at home. I learn from Mr. Cap-martin that Batavia had been attacked without success, but that our forces had burned twenty ships (others say sixty) in the road.
Saturday 14. Much wind and some rain during the last night, and which continued more or less during the day. Sunday 15. Cloudy, with a fresh breeze from the SE, and occasional showers
Monday 16. Some wind from the S.E. with occasional rain, and very cold for the season. The weather being finer in the afternoon walked to Mr. Chazals where I was detained to supper, and the rain again coming on, all night.
Tuesday 17. Sometimes rainy, sometimes not, weather dull. Was persuaded to stay dinner: returned in the evening, and got wet. The weather, exceedingly hazy and rainy; wind from the northward.
Wednesday 18. Weather somewhat finer, but still hazy. In the afternoon fine. We learn that the Semillante which gone out upon a cruize about ten days before, was returned, being dismasted during the bad weather of the 9th. -
Thursday 19. Fine weather; but at noon, we had three hours of heavy rain with thunder and lightening: the wind was from the north in the morning; and in the summer, this is almost an infallible sign of a heavy shower at noon - For these last several days, I have partly employed myself in teaching the first principles of navigation to the two young sons of my hostess, Aristide and Marc
Friday 20. Small rain in the morning. The frequent changes of weather, have deranged the health of our house very much: I am almost the only one who have not been attacked with a cold. In the evening the wind rose strong from the S.E. with rainy threatning weather.
Saturday 21. Strong breezes from S.E. with frequent small rain, as in the winter, and continued throughout the day. Sunday 22. The same wind and disagreeable weather. Employed writing up the 7th. chapter of my journal; and otherwise in teaching the first principals of navigation to my two young friends, giving lessons in English to two of our young ladies, and in French to my servant; besides I am making a little, but very little progress in French, by reading to the young ladies a new history of Russia under the correction of the two young ladies, and by myself La Harpes voyages, and the Emile of Rousseau, and occasionally in translating into French the History of my cat Trim. These varied amusements keep my mind in action, and preserve it in peace
Monday 23. Rainy weather with the wind fresh at east, and continued throughout the day.
Tuesday 24. The wind became stronger in the night, and at day break blew a gale of wind from about E.S.E. accompanied with rain almost constant showers. This weather continued throughout the day, the rain becoming more constant and heavy. Towards the evening the wind increased and blew hard at S.E. and no part of the house was dry. Mr. Labauve slept in the house for fear of accidents. In my pavilion, the water came in at the sides a little, but upon the whole I am much the best off.
Wednesday 25. At daylight the wind was at S.W. but not so strong as before. I found my books and papers which had been placed in what I thought was a secure place, more or less wet. At 9 the wind was at W.N.W. but it blew only in squalls, though at those time, it was strong as before: the weather was now very thick, and no appearance of the gale concluding. Many slaves of the habitation being at work yesterday on the other side of the riviere du Rempart were unable to return; one only excepted,a new a strong black newly arrived from Mozambique who passed backwards and forwards by swimming: he chose the wide and deepest parts of the river where the current is least rapid. In the afternoon, the wind moderated a little and the rain also. At sunset, thick weather, but the wind and rain were strong only in squalls. There was little rain during the night.
Thursday 26. The wind at N.N.W. and the morning, and dry; but was still strong in squalls The In the plantation, almost the whole of the maize upon the ground was destroyed: the manioc obliged to be taken out of the ground half grown, to save it from rotting. Many fruit trees blown up by the roots; the bridge which communicates between the two sides of the Riviere du Rempart carried away: much of the vegetable surface soil carried off by the waters: the huts of the negroes uncovered. 21 turkies, many ducks and fowls, and an ass found dead of the cramp From this mischief upon a small habitation, it may be judged what the whole island must have suffered, besides the mischief to the shipping in the port, of which we have yet no account. But worse than all this, it is much to be apprehended, that another and more violent hurricane will shortly succeed; the wind having yet made but half the tour of the compass, and that against the course of the sun. At noon, the black who had been sent to the town the day before, returned without accomplishing his object, being unable to pass the Grande Riviere, whose bridge had been carried away the waters - The wind and weather moderated

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1807. Feb. Thursday 26. during the day, the wind varying a little between N.N.W. and W.N.W. Soon after dusk, the rain began more heavy than before, the wind shifted to North, and blew strong in squalls: this weather continued the whole night.
Friday 27. The wind at N.N.E. at daylight, but not very strong: the pigeons flew out to exercise their wings: the weather still rainy without any appearance of the return of fine weather. At noon the wind shifted still more around, and in the afternoon was at E.N.E. where it continued during the greatest part of the night: the rain almost constant and sometimes heavy. We unexpectedly received letters from the town this evening, and I learn from E. Pitot that a Danish vessel from India gives the extraordinary intelligence of war being declared by France against Prussia and a treaty offensive and defensive concluded by her with Russia. To this news is added the melancholy news of that great character C.J. Fox, his death.
Saturday 28. The wind variable this morning between E.N.E. and E.S.E. and not stronger than a fresh breeze; the weather, however, continues thick and rainy. The sun made his appearance for a few minutes, but in general the weather continued rainy throughout the day, and also during the night.
Sunday March 1. Moderate breezes from E.S.E. with thick weather, and occasional squalls of wind and rain. In the afternoon the weather become finer and the wind moderate, but we had heavy rain in the evening and small rain during the night
Monday 2. Cloudy weather but not much wind or rain: the wind variable in the eastern quarter. The bridge of the Grande Riviere near the town having been carried away, the communication with the port from the southward was cut off, but some individuals established a ferry, by which for the first two or three days they doubtless gained considerable sums, since they charged half a dollar, and afterwards two francs (a shilling) from each foot passenger. The slaves of the government are now said to be employed constructing a new bridge. The Danish vessel that brought the news from India was wrecked at the mouth of the port, and the cargo either lost or spoiled; but I do not hear of any other great mischief done in the port. The weather remained tolerably fine throughout the day; the wind from N.E. to east light and variable
Tuesday 3. Small rain, but little wind: weather afterwards finer. The manner of treating the maize in this island seems to me ingenious. It is ground between two stones after the ancient manner and afterwards sifted thus. A flat basket of in the shape of a large round dish, made of the filaments of vacouas, is used, and the negress or negro , seated upon his hams with three or four pieces of cloths bags or sacks spread around him, a sack of maize by his side and basket in his hand. He takes a convenient quantity, perhaps a pound or two at a time into his basket, and by moving it backw from side to side, with a slight movement forwards, he makes the light husks rise at the top in the fore part, this is thrown aside upon one of the cloths; by a movement from N.E. to S.W. and a cant of the basket after each time double movement, the yellow maize is then separated from the fine white flower, which being more tenacious, remains at the bottom of the basket: the maize is thrown out upon one piece of cloth and the fine flour put into a sack, being done with. The maize is then taken into the basket again, deprived of the husks and fine flour, and by a movement backwards and forwards, the coarse maize is made to come to the nearer part of the basket, and the finer to the further part: as they separate they are taken out and put upon different cloths . The husks are given to and by a cant of the basket after each of the double movement, the heels of the grain which are still mixed with the maize, and made to fly off at the same time upon a cloth directly in front: this is a kind of bran with which some of the flour, and a little of the finer maize is still mixed. The finer maize is put on one side, and the coarse on the other. The husks are food for the hogs, the bran boiled with water for the ducks, the coarsest maize for the fowls, the white flour is sometimes made into cakes with sugar, but is more commonly boiled up for the dogs, and it is the finer yellow maize only which is boiled, up and served up dry, like rice, upon the table of the planter. There is however, more work to do. The husks have still maize mixed with them, which is separated, and the coarse maize with this joined, still containeds some finer maize for the table, which is separated also. The distinction of fine and coarse maize arises from the imperfection of the mills, but with steel mills, all would be so nearly equal, that the whole of the yellow part would be fit for the table. A grain of maize, then, contains four distinct substances:- the husks, - the heels which make a white bran, - the heart of the grain, which is white, and is reduced in the mills to a finer powder than the rest,- and lastly the yellow head of the grain, which forms about two thirds of its weight. - The bran, as above separated will contain some of the white flour, which if necessary, might be separated from it, but as in the present state it serves the young ducks, which if no flour was mixed with it, it would not do so well, it is not worth the trouble. It may be supposed that the heart of the grain, which is white and farinaceous, should be the best part and make good bread; but it is of an insipid sweetness, and it is said will not rise; it is therefore

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1807 March Tuesday 3
reckoned to be an inferior part of the grain. It will be observed, that the grinding, and the separation of the husks and heels from the white flour and maize, would be more expeditiously performed by wind and water mills; but I do not think that the white heart could be so conveniently separated from the yellow maize; and when mixed together it does not make good bread; it is always flat and pasty: the best way of using the maize in this state for bread is to make it into thin cakes which is very good when eaten fresh. The yellow maize, boiled dry, like rice, comes out of the pot (if the top of the pot is not smaller than the bottom, in a solid mass, with a crust to it: and in the opinion of many is superior to rice, to be eaten with curries, and is an excellent substitute for bread. In our colony at Port Jackson, where the maize is not half the price that it is here, I have never seen the maize served upon the table of a planter, though from the greater economy and simplicity of manners, I doubt not that it would be general, if the method of preparing it was known. Notwithstanding, that I have been tolerably exact in the description here, I despair of being so distinct, as to enable any one to perform the operation, with until after having made several essays. It would be worthwhile to import two or three handy slaves from this colony to Port Jackson to teach the art, and I doubt not but its practice would become general
Wednesday 4. Thursday 5. Wind eastwardly and light. Rainy and fine alternately. the
Friday 76. Fresh breezes from S.E. ward, with light squalls of rain at times: in the afternoon, fine as usual during the last three days. Visited Mr. and Mrs. Chazal, whom I found full of business, repairing the ravages of the late gale, and preparing manioc cakes for the town: the present price of manioc being four times its usual standard. Those inhabitants, who like Mr C. are abundantly furnished with provisions, will indemnify themselves for their losses but, to others, the high price of provisions will be a double loss. Maize is now 6 dollars the hundred pounds in town, or 31/2d per pound of our money. The average price is reckoned at 11/2 dol. the hundred
Saturday 7. Small rain in the morning, but fine afterwards
Sunday 8. A fine day throughout, and the only one for a very long time. Dined with Mr. Chevreau. Received from E. Pitot Madras Gazettes up to Jan. 26. 1807, which colonel Kerjean had the goodness to send me; and a request form Mr P. to interest myself in favour of a Mr. Labat a prisoner in India, but under which presidency he does not say. I find by the gazettes that Lord Lauderdale at had been at Paris to negociate a peace, but had returned in September; since when all present hopes of a speedy peace have ceased.
The one3 per cents at 63. which speaks well.
Monday 9. Tuesday 10. Fine weather. Having finished the seventh chapter of my journal I have been employed these few days upon the admiralty log book; Geometrical lessons to my two young friends, Aristide and Marc continue as before. This afternoon I went to pay a visit to Monsieur and Madame Chazal, with whom were collected on a visit a part of both their relations. I remained to supper and promised to return the following day to dinner
Wednesday 11. Fine weather with moderate breezes from E.S.E. Dined and spent the day with M. Chazal. We learn the news of a victory gained by the French over the Prussians at thirty leagues from Berlin, the death of the Duke of Brunswick &c. The capture of four French frigates by admiral Hood &c. received by a brig which left Tranquebar on the 6 of Feb, last. This new transactions upon the continent continue to take away the hope of my situation in the Isle de France being ever remembered.
Thursday 12. Wrote th a letter to Lord Bentinck in favour of M. Labat, prisoner at Poona -malee, and inclosed it to Edward Pitot to be forwarded. - The fine weather still continues. This evening arrived Mr. A. D'Arifat and Mr. Sauvejet
Friday 13. Mod. breezes from S.E.d - with cloudy weather. Afterwards it came on to rain, and continued more or less the whole day and night, with squally weather.
Saturday 14. Strong breezes from the S.E. with small rain, and thick weather: the approach of another gale of wind is apprehended. The rain and squalls of wind continued continued during the day and at night became stronger
Sunday 15. Strong squalls of wind, with small rain. Our visitors left us this morning.
Monday 16. Do. weather: neither better nor worse. My birthday, the 33rd. - six years since my voyage commenced; three and nearly half of which I have been a prisoner in the Isle of France

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1807 March - Tuesday 17. Squally weather with rain , wind from E.S.Ed. - Employed in examining the copiesy of the memoir upon my charts, my admiralty log book, and instructing the two sons of my host in the first principles of navigation
Wednesday 18. Heavy rain and squally weather during the night. Wind strong in the morning but with less rain. Thursday 19. Less rain today, but the weather thick and wind strong
Friday 20. Strong breezes with thick weather, and frequent rain, but in the afternoon, both were more moderate
Sat. 21 Mod. breezes with finer weather. The sun visible at times, which he has not been for the last eight days, and the weather continued without rain throughout the day. Wrote a letter in French to Edward Pitot.
Sunday 22. Light winds and cloudy weather. Fine throughout the day. Visited Mad. Couve
Monday 23. The fine weather seems to once more established, and the vessels begin to arrive after a long cessation. Visited Mr. Chazal whom I found unwell
Tuesday 24. Light squalls of rain at times. The wind from the S.E. and rather cold. Yesterday I sent an application to M. Monistrol for a permission to pass a few days in town, when I intend to keep ready against the arrival of M. Tomi Pitot, who is expected from Bourbon at the end of this month.
Wednesday 25. Moderate winds from the S.E. and in general fine weather; but light squalls of rain at times. Mr. Capmartin visited me today, I shewed the rough letter I proposed to send to the Society of Emulation (of which he is a member: he seemed to think it would be highly acceptable. We paid a visit in company with our ladies to Mad. Meurville.
Thursday 26. Mod. breezes &c. as yesterday. In the afternoon went to sup with Mr. Chazal, when I found Mr. Bickham. The night beautifully fine.
Friday 27. Calm and cloudy weather. Saturday 28. Fine, but rainy in the afternoon the wind being light from the sea.
Sunday 29. Calm and cloudy weather. In the afternoon paid a visit to M. Chazal; supped and returned in the evening. Very fine. Recd. an affirmative answer to my request to go to town.
Monday 30. A beautiful morning, but we had a summer shower in the afternoon. Dined and supped with M. Chazal and Mr. Bickham.
Tuesday 31. Beautiful weather. Mr. Capmartin breakfasted with us, but did not stay. Mr. Labauve left us to take up his residence at Tamarinds, where he has bought half the habitation of Mr. Curtat.
Wednesday April 1.Thursday Cloudy, variable weather Mr. Boand came from the town to pay me a visit. Thursday 2. We walked out in the afternoon and called upon Mr. Chazal
Friday 3. Fresh breezes and squally weather. Mr. Boand left us this morning. Dined with M. Chevreau in company with M. Chazal and Bickham, their ladies and our family. Strong political disputes upon the affair of Quiberon, and the war with France and Spain. Here as elsewhere I observe that the efforts of the French government and gazetteers to render the British government odious by misrepresentations have succeeded at least in France. Every one of Mr. Pitts measures were founded in injustice according to them, and prosecuted by crimes. - Rainy thick weather.
Saturday 4. Strong breezes and squally weather. Sunday 5. Accompanied our family to Mr. Chazals to dinner, where we met the same party as on Friday - Fine weather
Monday 6. Fine weather. Set off after breakfast to pay a short visit Mr Labauve at his new habitation of Tamarinds. I arrived at eleven, and found Mr. and Mrs. Curtat, and M. Carrier there. Spent the day in walking, trick track and conversation
Tuesday 7. I returned to the Refuge in company with M. Labauve, to meet the party at dinner, assembled on two former occasions. The weather still continues very fine. Wind N.E.wardly.
Wednesday 8. Do. weather. The families Chevreau and Bickham went to Menil and Mr. Labauve left us to return to his plantation. Thursday 9. Friday 10. Very fine weather. Paid a visit this afternoon Mr. and Mad. Chazal, to bid them adieu previous to their departure for the town.- These few days I have been partly occupied in making a chart of the whole of the gulph of Carpentaria, abridged from the sheets that contain the different parts
Friday Saturday 11 . Beautiful weather. Sunday 12. Do. Weather
Monday 13. Sent away my trunk with a slave and my servant to the town and at 7 I followed them in consequence of M. Monistrols permission of March 28. Stopped at the house of Mess. Lachenardiere and St. Susanne to breakfast, and I was engaged to stay dinner at which were Mess. Des Bassins, Boutelier, Gerard, Rudelle, and Mad. Monistrol. Conversed much with the first upon my intention to demand an audience of general De Caen. Came to town in the afternoon, Drank tea with M. Pitot and supped with Mr Brunet in company with Ed. Pitot and his future bride.

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1807 April Tuesday 14.
Breakfasted with M. Pitots family, and dined by invitation at M. Brunets with a large company. In the evening I had a visit from a Mr. Whitney: the copra cargo of an American ship which had left Port Jackson in July last. From him I learned the news of the colony, and amongst other things that the Investigator had been repaired at Port Jackson, notwithstanding the master builder had been one of those who had condemned her as utterly irreparable in that colony, and that captain Kent had taken her to England. This account explains why an Investigator should have been found upon Steeles List, as lying at Plymouth in ordinary
Wednesday 15. Fine weather, but very warm. Had a visit from Mr. Beckman, who undertook to make an application to the general for an audience for me, in case the commission could not be accepted by Mr. Kerjean, to whom I wrote yesterday, at his habitation at Mocha. Had visits from M. Des Bassayns, M. Deverinne, and M. Baudin, and Boand during the day. Dined with Mr. Pitot and drank tea with M. Chazal. Received Mr Kerjean's answer in the evening, which was negative but extremely friendly.
Thursday 16. Weather not quite so warm. Sent a letter to M. Beckmann, requesting him to apply for an audience of the captain general for me. Called to pay upon M. a visit to M. Monistrol, and went to dine with Mr. Bickham. Drank tea with Madame Alliés. Found no answer from the captain general which led me to give up the little hopes I had conceived
Friday 17. Had a visit from Mr. Vidal, acting master of the Sea flower, a prisoner in the Grande Riviere prison who had come to town by permission. Mr. Beckman informed me that he had been prevented from speaking to the general by the arrival of the Prefet on business; that he had waited till late, but was constantly interrupted. He talked much with Mad. D. and wrote this morning to the general inclosing mine for his perusal. Mr. Des Bassayns agreed with to receive my bills for two years and a quarters pay, at the rate of 4 1/2 dollars for a guinea.
I dined at Genie's hotel by the invitation of M. Des B. with 14 other persons Made a party at tric-trac with Col. St. Lusanne. In the evening, attended Mr. Deverinnes music party.
Friday 17 Saturday 178. Recd. a letter from Mad. DArifat and Marc. Breakfasted this morning with Mr. Pitot, and spoke to him of receiving my money, which he agreed to at nine per cent. Mr. McCartney, officer lieutenant in the native cavalry of India, called upon me He has procured his liberty to go away in the Fame, by means of friends and a sick certificate Dined with Mr. Deverinne, and in the afternoon visited Mr. Cabot, Deys DBassayns, Chazal, Perichon, and supped at Mr. Brunets where I made acquaintance with M. Rouillard. Mr. Beckman called to say that no answer from the general had arrived, but that he was going out to spend the day at the Reduit, and I might expect to know the generals intention early on Monday morning. Some rain in the afternoon.
Sunday 19. Weather fine, but warm. Recd. the visits of six people, and then dressed and went out to dine with M. Sauvjet. purchased a little present on the road for his charming little girl. Paid a visit to the Maison Despeaux and the old sergeant La Mel. The house seems to be in the same state as before. Paid a visit in the evening to Mad. Saulnier, and went to pass the evening and sup with Mad. Morin and family. Heavy shower this afternoon.
Monday 20. Recd. a letter from the Refuge. Mr. Beckman informed me this morning that he had had a long conversation with general De Caën; the result of which was, that the general not being able to make any change in my situation until the orders of the French government should be received, it was useless to give me an audience. It seems the general expects every day to receive intelligence from France, and believes that orders for my disposal will be contained therein. Thus I find myself once more obliged to return to the habitation as I came. Dined with Mr. Chazal. Was visited in the evening by Mr. Baudin. Supped with Mr. Brunet and took leave of the two families. Left with Ed. Pitot my bills for 27 months pay, up to April 13. 1807 for which M. Des Bassayns is to give him 1273 1/2 dollars, being at the rate of 4 1/2 dollars for a guinea.
Tuesday 21. A fine morning came away at 6 o'clock, and stopped at Mad. Lachenardieres to breakfast, where as before I was received with politeness. Returned to the Refuge at noon, where I found my amiable and respectable hostes in good health. I brought with me a parcel of crackers to distribute to my two young scholars daily as the studied well or ill

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1807. April Wednesday 22. Fine cool weather, the difference between the climate here and in the town is equal to that in England, in the months of July and September
Wrote a letter to Sir Ed. Pellew, informing of my unsuccessful demand for an audience of general De Caen, and speaking of the arrival reparation of the Investigator, and her arrival in England. See letter book, of this date.
Thursday 23. Fresh breezes from the S.E. with dull weather and showers of rain.
Friday 24. Saturday 25. Occupied with my chart of the Gulph &c. and my scholars. After Tea dinner rode to Tamarinds to visit Mr. Labauve and Mad. Curtat, where I found M. Curtat and Carrier.
Sunday 26. A dinner party at M. Curtats, amongst others Mr. Mallac.
Monday 27. Unoccupied disagreeably. After dinner paid a visit to Mad. Harbeck and M. Défait
Tuesday 278. Mr. Labauve went to Plains Wilhems, and after breakfast I returned to meet him at Vacouas. Met M. Chazal.
Wednesday 29. Occupied with my chart and scholars. Mr. Labauve returned to his habitation
I found the weather not too warm at Tamarinds, whilst here it was rainy and begins to be cold.
Thursday 30. Received the very agreeable intelligence of the arrival of my very dear friend Mr. Thomas Pitot, in a letter from himself, wherein he promises to visit me as soon as the marriage of his brother shall be accomplished
Friday May 1. Rainy this morning, with the wind Noly but very light. Rain continued all day. Saturday 2. Went to Tamarinds by the invitation of M. Curtat, to meet Mr. Macartney whom he had also invited, but who was unable to come, expecting to sail immediately. Rainy
Sunday 3. Fine weather. Returned back to Vacouas before breakfast, in order to employ the morning at my chart. In the afternoon paid a short visit to Mr. Chevreau and Madame Meurville
Monday 4. Fine clear cold morning. Employed with my two scholars, and upon my chart of part of the north end of Australia and Torres Strait
Tuesday 5. Do. weather. Heavy dews fall in the night at these times.
Wednesday 6. Thursday 7. Mad. Curtat arrived here from Tamarinds to pass two or three days, accompanied by Mr. Labauve.
Friday 8. Mr. Dumouhy and a Mr. Huglin from Mocha, paid us a visit of two days
Saturday 9. This evening my dear friend M. Tomi Pitot came to visit me, accompanied by Mr. John Exshaw, after having been present at the marriage of his brother at Poudre d'Or.
Sunday 10. Mr. Capmartin came to visit us, and we had a large party at dinner Conversed much with my friend Pitot upon my desolate prospects, and shewed him a rough letter which I proposed to send to the Society of Emulation concerning M. de la Perouse, and of which he much approved
Squally weather during these last several days; the wind S.Edly
Monday 11. My friend Pitot and Mr. Exshaw quitted us early in the morning. Employed in writing letters for India - See public and private letter book of this date. Mr. Boand visited me today previously to his departure for India Franquebar. The weather cold, wind S.Ed. and squalls of rain passing over occasionally
Tuesday 12. Employed as before: Weather the same
Wednesday 13. This morning Mr. Boand left me. Employed myself in copying my letter written Jan. 17 to send to Mr. Pitot for the society of emulation.
Thursday 14. Sent my letter (of ten pages) this morning; and after, employed myself in regulating the meteorological table of Vacouas and Port N.W. in my journal. Recd. in the afternoon a letter from Mons. DeMouhy, requesting a letter of recommendation to the commanders of H.M. ships in case of his being taken on his voyage to Madagascar, which I immediately wrote.- Friday 15. Strong breezes and squally weather, cold, and with almost constant rain, and this has now continued several days, as if the winter was already set it. Received Saturday 16 Fine a note from Mr. Gerard, informing me of his voyage to India, and offering to take charge of my letters.
Saturday 16. Fine cold weather, with a fresh moderate south-eastwardly breeze. Small rain at times in the afternoon. Employed correcting the copy of my journal for transmission. Mr. Chevreau and his wife, the last of our neighbours left Vacouas to take up their residence in town for the winter.
Sunday 17. Light wind with small rain, but fine weather afterwards
Monday 18. Fine weather. Employed upon my journal as before
Tuesday 19. Wrote a letter to Gen. De Caen for my third little log book
Wednesday 20. Writing letters and preparing my journal for India

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1807 May Thursday 21. Dispatched Elder with thirteen letter and my journal to the town to be taken by Madras by the next occasion (Warren Hastings) - The writing these, and completing the journal has occupied Elder and me for some time. I returned now to my large chart of Torres' Strait, the G. of Carpentaria &c. My scholars in navigation continue to work with me as usual
My servant Elder, has been for some time in a state of melancholy and apprehension of mind surpassing that in which I was in Sept. last. So bad as to conceive himself surrounded, with the exception of myself I believe, by enemies whose only concern is to search to do him and me injury: and this with so little the cause, that every member of this family are is constantly endeavouring to do him as well as me service and what may be agreeable to us. It is inconceivable the excesses took of suspicion and distrust into which his imagination carries him. I tremble for the consequences
Friday 22. Saturday 23. Employed with my scholars and with my chart as before. This evening I had a visit from my friend Pitot, and from Mr. John Exshaw, the latter of whom goes to India in the Warren Hastings.
Sunday 24. Walked with my two companions to the Mare aux Vacouas, through very bad roads. Recd. a letter from M. Boand speaking of the desire of Mr. Grant (late a midshipman of H.M.S. Duncan) to come to see me. My poor servant Elder continues to be very ill, and melancholy as before, so that I have taken him to live and sleep in my pavilion.
Monday 25. My two visitors left us very early this morning, which very fine and beautiful, as the weather has been, with occasional exceptions, during the last several days. This evening Mr. Andrew DArifat came on a visit to his family
Thursday 26. Fine weather as yesterday. Mr. Labauve arrived to breakfast. He had the goodness to speak to my servant to convince my servant of the folly of the apprehension he has lately entertained of the enmity of his family towards him and me; and it seems to have had a good effect in curing him of his melancholy. I had promised him on Sunday to write immediately to Mr. Monistrol for a permission for him to depart and go to England, since every thing here was insupportable to him, but he has now changed his mind, and agrees to stay a little longer to see if anything will yet arrive concerning me
Wednesday 27. A beautiful morning. This evening my servant Elder, finding he could not remain with any degree of comfort, requested me write a letter to Mr. Monistrol for a permission for him to leave the island and me, which I did this evening, with a note to Mr. Bickham to learn if any ship was ready to sail for America. This evening Mr. Charles Grant, son of the Viscount de Vaux, author of the Isle of France came to visit me, he brought me a letter from Mr. Boand wherein he expresses his concern for the situation of mind of my servant, and an offer to take care of him if he can embark on board the Holstein (the Warren Hastings late) and to assist in procuring him a passage from India to England or in fixing him in some situation at Madras or elsewhere. Finished my
Thursday 28. Elder went away early with his letters. My time passed in conversation with Mr. Grant.
Friday 29. Employed with my young scholars, and during the day in conversation with Mr. G. In the evening Elder arrived from the town with a letter from Mr. Monistrol, by which the general granted the permission for Elder to go to England by the way of America, but he found there was no ship in the port to sail for that part these six or eight weeks; and his extreme inquietude did not permit him to remain so long a time, if it was possible to get away sooner. At his desire I wrote again to M. Monistrol requesting the permission might be changed for India, and requested Mr. E. Pitot to present the letter and support it with his representations.
Saturday 30. Elder went away again early with my letters. Mr. Grant left me this morning with the intention of applying immediately for permission to leave the island, and rejoin his ship the Duncan, which he seems to have been a little remiss in not doing before.
Sund In the afternoon I walked out with Mr. Joss, a physician here upon a visit to Mad. DArifat, to see the cascades of the R. Tamarinds. He gave me some information of a system he has formed respecting an universal fluid which he conceives to be the cause of magnetism, electricity, galvanism, gravity, the motions of the heavenly bodies, and of animal and vegetable life. Elder returned this evening, not having procured any answer from the captain general he being at the Reduit.
Sunday 31. Had much further conversation with Mr. Joss who left us this morning.
Monday 31. No answer arrived today relative to Elders permission. Sent away a letter for Mrs. F. to conveyed by the way of India
Tuesday June 2. 1807. Fine weather. At noon saw the Red Flag up on the hills, the signal for an English ship or ships being in sight. Wednesday 3. The red flag still up, but the Eng. ship out of sight. It seems to have been a vessel from the Cape, which took a look at the island in passing by to India
Thursday 4. No answer yet to my last letter for Elders permission, or to that sent some time since for my remaining journal. Mr. Pitot applied to me for two letters of recommendation for two gentlemen at Bourbon, desirous of coming over to the Isle of France, but to give which I have considerable hesitation. See my letter to Mr. P. of June 5. written in answer to his request

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1807 June Friday 5. Dull weather, but tolerably fine for the season. Employed with my two scholars in navigation, and since the completion of my chart, in completing my letter book; my servant Elder not being not yet recovered from the strange manner of thinking which he has lately fallen into, is almost incapable of doing anything; he is continually tormenting me with his suspicions of the treachery of this or the other person, and sometimes makes me angry; pity, however predomenates when I see how miserable he is and how much he torments himself with shadows
Saturday 6. Cloudy, but moderately fine weather. My two young scholars went to pay a visit to their brother at Tamarin.
Sunday 7. Soon after dinner I accompanied the whole family on horse back and in palankins upon a visit to Mr. Labauve at Tamarinds. We had fine weather and arrived about five o'clock Tamarinds being within my limits, I did not think it necessary to make any mention of my changing my place of residence for a short time
Monday 8 Fine weather as it almost always is in this quarter (Tamarinds) in the winter time I received a letter from Mr. Pitot yesterday on Saturday, with a gazette extraordinary, informing me of the Danes having been obliged to declare against Great Britain, and the consequent stoppage of the Holstein (late Warren Hastings) in her voyage to India
Tuesday 9. Went out with Mr. Labauve fishing in his pirogue, which is a fine canoe. We had little success and returned home to dinner. Received letters from Mr. Pitot and Mr. Exshaw, from the which I learn, that the arrival of the Creole at Bayonne was known. It was in this vessel that my friend Bergeret took his passage, that my letters to the Marine minister and M. Fleurieu were sent, that from the S. of Em. to the National Institute, that of M. Boand to M. Perregeaux and several others relating to me were also sent. So that if any steps will be taken by the French government relating to me, they must arrive by the first vessel from France
Wednesday 10. Employed with my scholars in the morning, and in arranging a table for Mr. Labauve of the slaves in his habitation. In the afternoon rode down to Tamarin Bay to make some arrangements in his canoe for the reception of the ladies. Received a letter from Mr. Boand and by which I learn that he has the probability of getting to India in an American ship
Thursday 11. Went down again to Tamarin Bay, to get the canoe repaired. On opening a leak she proved to require much greater reparation than was expected. In the afternoon, paid a visit in company with our ladies to Mr. Lelievre. In the evening received various notes from the town, and amongst them a letter from captain Bergeret dated at Paris Jan. 20. at which time the French Emperor had not returned to Paris from Warsaw, so that nothing relating to me was determined. Wrote in the evening as usual to Elder, to tell him of the news I had received
Friday 12. Went down again to the Baye du Tamarind about the canoe. In the evening recd. an express from my friend Pitot with letters from England by the way of America; from my brother, wife, and the astronomer Royal, which for my private concerns and my family were very satisfactory; but with respect to my liberation give me but little satisfaction; although it appears that M. Melius was permitted to return to France on condition of solliciting my liberty from the Emperor of the French.
Saturday 13. This evening my friend Pitot arrived, accompanied by Mr. Mallac to pay me visit.
Sunday 14. Our family and visiters made a fishing party with the seine to the Bay of Tamarinds, and but for the rain which fell at intervals during the whole day, we should have passed our time very agreeably
Monday 15. Our visiters left us this morning. Tuesday 16. Employed these two days with my young scholars, and in writing to my brother and the astronomer royal, preparatory for the earliest conveyance
Wednesday 17. By the gazette today, it seems that the F. emperor thinks favourably of the administration of the islands. The despatches received by the Revenant, it is said, are highly acceptable to the captain-general and indemnifiesy him for the neglect of the government during the last year or two years
Thursday 18. I learn from M. Pitot that general De Caen has received nothing whatever relating to me. I receive at the same time gazettes from Madras up to April 16, sent me by M. Kerjean but no Steele's List.

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Friday 19. Accompanied our ladies upon a visit to Mad. Herbeck, where I made acquaintance with captain Robillard, the husband of her niece
Saturday 20. From a Mr. Lavilleon, who came to dinner with M. Curtat. I learned that when the Revenant sailed, there was an American ship at Bordeaux with passengers on board for this country, and despatches on board, which was to sail for America, and afterwards for this island almost immediately, or about the middle of March; she may therefore be expected here about the end of July. Mr. L. said, that there were 20 numbers of the general's despatches to which no answer had yet been received, and amongst them, that relating to me: By this ship from Bourdeaux or by one of the frigates said to be destined for this country.
Sunday 21. Monday 22. Early this morning I went to Vacouas to see my servant [Elder] I found him more strongly than ever immersed in his ridiculous notions of plots and conspiracies here against us. The gazette he imagines all full of these, under feigned names. H.M. the Emperor of the French is general DeCaën. Mad. D'Arifat and her family are the confederation of the Rhine. I am the K. of Prussia, and Mr. B. the Anseatic towns: my papers &c. are designated under the term British property, and for the generals &c. on both sides, they are only put as a cover, the better to hide his intentions or to shew his wit. I endeavoured to shew him the improbability of all this. If the general had any plots, he was too powerful here to need any disguise, if he had none, these notions of course were all folly. He even denied that any ship was come from France, and the letter that I had received from M. Bergeret he believed to be forged. I was obliged to quit him, very little better than when I came, and returned to dinner
Tuesday 23. Went down to the B. du Tamarind to see the canoe, which is not yet finished. My time had been lately employed with my two young scholars, and in reading the Indian gazettes; the latter being finished returned them today to Mr. Pitot
Wednesday 24. Employed completing my fair letter-book and with my scholars. Accompanied our ladies in the afternoon upon a visit to Mesdames Labutte, and Suasse; and we returned late by the light of flambeaux.
Thursday 25. Heavy rain during the night and in the morning, which it is supposed will do much harm to the cotton, the harvest of which is just commencing. This evening I received as usual, a letter from my servant Elder, in which he writes in the wildest manner of things published in the gazettes relating to us, of plots and conspiracies that he imagines surround us on every side. He is absolutely deranged in his mind, though upon other subjects he is rational enough
Friday 26. Today I went to dine with Mr. Heerbeck, one of our neighbours, and he with M. Defait, major of the quarter accompanied me on my return, to pay a visit to Mad. D Arifat. A letter I had from Elder this evening, in answer to a scholding soothing one I wrote him yesterday, is more rational than any I have lately received. Saw a ship pass along the coast today which appears to have come from Madagascar
Saturday 27. Dull windy weather. Sunday 28. Rec'd a letter today from Mr. Exshaw, from which I learn that he has engaged the commander of an American ship which sails in eight days to take Elder.
Monday 29. Wrote a letter to Mr. Monistrol for a permission to go to town, to be delivered by Mr. Labauve who goes there in a day or two. After breakfast I off for the Vacouas, in order to write my letters and prepare Elder for his departure. On arriving I found him still full of his strange notion that the gazette was full of things relating to us, mentioned in an allegorical manner; I however succeeded in calming him, and bringing him into my views.
Tuesday 30. Wednesday July 1. Employed writing my letters as per letter books, and packing up all my principal charts, books, and papers, (passport and commission excepted) in a trunk to be delivered by Elder to Mr. Standert
Thursday July 2. Returned to Tamarinds. Friday 3. Came back to the Refuge, in expectation of receiving my permission, and in order to complete every thing - Fine weather, which has been rare here during many days. No permission arriving, wrote notes to Mr. Pitot, Mr. Stansbury, and M. Monistrol, to secure the passage of my trunk, and to obtain the permission for Elder to embark
Saturday July 4. My servant Elder quitted me to go to town, in order to his embarkation on board an American brig for Baltimore. He seems to be sorry at leaving me behind, but upon the whole in good spirits at the idea of again obtaining his liberty; and in a better state of mind than he has been lately.
Returned to Tamarinds after breakfast, paying a visit to Mr. Boistel on the way.
Sunday 5. Fresh breezes, and fine weather here. At noon I received a letter from Elder, and a permission from Colonel Monistrol to go to town for one day; and after dinner I set off to the town, where I arrived about six o'clock. Drank tea with M. Chazal, and supped with M. Boand. Slept at Mr. Pitots, but otherwise took possession of Mr. Rouillard's pavilion as usual

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Monday July 6. Went to Mr. Stansbury , an American to whom the brig on board which Elder is to go for Baltimore, the Phoebé, Captain Abrahams. Went to Mr. Monistrol, and obtained an order to the bureau which pas certifies the people permitted to embark on board the American vessels, to pass Elder . He went afterwards with Mr Stansbury and passed. Dined at Mr Brunets. Walked out with Mr. Boand, and called upon M. Augustin Baudin. Wrote to Madame D'Arifat. Went to pay a visit to Mr. and Mrs. Kerbalance, the father-in-law and mother of Mr. John Exshaw by whom I was politely received and invited to dine on the following day
Tuesday July 7. Breakfasted with Mr. Pitot as usual, and as usual found Mr. Boand in my pavilion at my return. This morning Elder took his clothes and my trunk on board.. The vessel is lumbered, not above 150 tons, and has only seven men on board besides the commd. and mate. At one o'clock, Elder quitted me to go and remain on board, the vessel being expected to sail immediately. Accompanied by Mes. Ed. and T. Pitot, I went to dine at Mr. Kerbalance's. In the evening drank tea at Mr. Chazal's, and not finding Mad. Dunienville at home, whom I went to visit, returned to the house to spend the evening and sup.erbeck<,H olstein, latHolstein {{
Wednesday 8. I saw Mr. Monistrol, he gave me a tacit consent to remain in town two days instead of one, provided I was not too much in public; but having now finished the business of Elder who was now safely embarked, and to whom I gave one hundred dollars, on his quitting me, I set off to return to Tamarinds, immediately after breakfast, and found our family all well at noon, about which time I arrived
Thursday July 9. The whole family went to make a fishing party at the embouchure of the rivers Tamarind and Rempart. We caught several small fish with hook and line, dined under a Tamarind tree, and arrived at home before dark. I received a letter form Elder, saying he was well, and expected to sail tomorrow or the next day as today or perhaps tomorrow.
Friday July 10. Accompanied our family to spend the day with Mr. and Mad. Suasse which we did agreeably
Saturday 11. Received a letter from Mr. Boand which informed me that the Phoebé sailed on Thursday, the 9th. Elder is therefore relieved from his inquietude, and I from much care.
Sunday 12. Accompanied our family upon a fishing party to the Bay of Tamarinds where we met Mr. and Mrs. Suasse by agreement. We breakfasted and dined under the trees, fishing for small fry with hook and line, hauling the seine several times in the entrance of the Riviere du Rempart, and caught several fine mullet, &c. We had three canoes for the service of the seine, and amuse the ladies on the water. We were joined by Mr. Palerne, and spent a pleasant day, having fine weather
Monday 13. Tuesday 14. Wednesday 15. Fine weather but windy. Employed with my two scholars, and in correcting my narrative. Received a letter form Mr. Pitot, wherein he complains of the excessive prices of every thing which augment daily; and his apprehensions, lest the decree of Bonaparte and the corresponding orders of the British government with respect to neutral vessels, should prevent any vessels coming to the island; in which case the inhabitants will in a few months be in a state of misery, and the commerce totally at an end.
Thursday 16. Friday 17. Saturday 18. Windy weather with frequent rain, and very cold for this quarter. My time employed generally as before. Today we had the company of MM. Curtat and Pepin, to cel come to celebrate tomorrow the fête of St John at the Freemason's lodge established here. My friend Labauve prepared himself to enter into the society. Today several vessels were signaled
Sunday 19. Our company went to the lodge early to initiate their neophyte. We learn that one of the vessels arrived yesterday, is a large ship from India bringing all the French prisoners to the number of 400 220.
A little quarrel with my friend D. which has now kept us at some distance for five or six weeks still continues and gives me uneasiness. I was the party that had a right to be offended at what was said to me, but wished to pass it over; for which I am punished by opposition and neglect as if the case was the reverse. Another vessel signaled yesterday and today.
Monday 20. Cold weather, with occasional squalls of wind and rain. This evening MM. Froberville and Sauvejet arrived to pay us a visit. Visited the family Labutte today in company with M. Labauve - Tuesday 21. Recd. a letter from M. Monistrol, inclosing one from Sir Edward Pellew, dated June 3, 1807, brought by the Wellesley cartel, captain Le Blanc. Also a letter from M. Kerjean with a Steele's list for June 1806, which he had obtained for me from M. Le Blanc; and a letter from my friend Pitot - Wrote a letter to Mr. Le Blanc, through M.Boand. This morning the red flag was Wed hoisted, for an English ship being in sight.
Wednesday 242. No red flag this morning, from which it seems the English ship has disappeared. A signal for a French merchant ship being in sight, judged to be the Princess Charlotte for Madagascar. Paid a visit and went to the Baye of Tamarinds with our visiters. I learn that the English ship was the Greyhound frigate captain Troubridge which had landed 300 blacks that had been made at different times. She is said to have remitted several packets to general DeCaën and to have had

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1807 July Wednesday 22
much communication with him. An object of her visit was said to be inquiring after the Blenheim 74 and a frigate which had left India to cruize off the islands, but haven't since been heard of. Adml. Troubridge is said to have been on board the Blenheim , and his son to have been is captain of the frigate Greyhound come in search of him. Two Danish ships also arrived, one of one I imagine to be the ship of Mr. Beckman. Acknowledged the receipt of M. Monistrol's letter and inclosure.
Thursday 23. Wrote a letter to M. Kerjean acknowledging thanking him for the Steele's List. At noon I received a letter and a packet from M. Monistrol containing 1st a letter from Mr. Locker secretary to Sir Ed. Pellew with an extract from Sir Eds. letter to general DeCaën , by the Wellesley cartel, praying the general to set me at liberty. 2nd letter from Sir Edward Pellew dated June 21. with a copy of a letter he had received from Mr. Marsden, which announced that orders had been obtained from the French marine minister for my liberation; which order was accompanied by Mr. Marsden's letter to Sir Edward and now forwarded by the Greyhound to general De Caen; 3rd an obliging private letter from Sir Ed. Pellew. 4th a polite letter from captain Troubridge of the Greyhound. M. Monistrol felicitates me upon the happy news, but gives me no orders of the general's intention. It is somewhat uncertain what the letter of the minister Decrés may contain, and also what steps the general will take in consequence of it
M. and Mad. Suasse spent the day with out family. MM. Froberville and Sauvejet quitted us this today.
Friday 24. Mr. Boand paid me a visit this morning. He brought me notes from Mr. LeBlanc commander of the H.C.ship Wellesley - cartel and Mr. Stock the commissary of prisoners; as also a letter from Mr. Charles F.Grant who it appears had not on the 19. made application to quit the island as from his conversation when with me, I expected he would. Wrote to all these gentlemen, as also a letter to Mr. Monistrol acknowledging the reception of his and Sir Edward Pellews letters received yesterday. Wrote also to the captain general requesting him either to confirm or destroy the hopes which these letters had given me. In the afternoon Mr. Boand left me to return to town on foot as he had come
Saturday 25. Recd a letter of congratulation from my friend, who expresses his surprise that the general does not hasten to confirm the happy news I have received. I have a note also from Mr. Kerjean .
The mission of captain Troubridge seems to excite considerable interest here, and is indeed interesting. All that is known of the Blenheim and Java, is that they were in company with the Harrier, near the Isle Roderigues when the gale of wind in which the Semillante was dismasted, took place. The Harrier lost her masts, and saw her two consorts in the same state, and apparently water logged. She lost sight of them and with the greatest difficulty arrived at the Cape. From there she returned to India, but could here nothing off them anywhere. Sir Thos. Troubridge was on board the Blenheim, going to take the command at the Cape. Sir Edward Pellew dispatched Sir Thos. son, in the greyhound frigate, and he was seen like another Telemachus travelling the sea in search of his brave father: it is said also that Sir Thos. had a younger son on board the Blenheim with him
This evening my friend Pitot arrived to pay me a visit: but he knew nothing of the intentions of M. De Caen relative to me.
Sunday 26. Visited the Bay of Tamarinds, and took a row in the pirogue; after walked along the bank of the Tamarind river, where we found a pretty view from an eminence. At our return found Mr. Exshaw and Mr. Duguillio From the former I learn by a circuitous channel, that M. Monistrol is said to have received orders to inform me of my being at liberty to quit the island. Mr. Pitot brought me a packet of English newspapers from captain Le Blanc, up to as late as February 9. last, and notes from Mr. Boand and Mr. Stock: he brought me also three months of French newspapers up to the end of January last. The former I
Monday 27. My friends Exshaw and Pitot returned to town this morning. I returned the English newspapers by the latter, who promised to forward immediately Mr. Monistrol's letter should he find it at his house. The family Labut dined with us today, as also Mr. Mallac.
At 8 in the evening, I received a packet from M. Monistrol, sent express by my friend Pitot. The packet inclosed a copy of the letter from admiral Decrès, the French minister of the marine, dated March 271. 1806. From which it appears that the council of State had approved of general De Caën's conduct with respect to me, but that their advice was that I should be set at liberty; this was approved by the French emperor on the 11th of that month, and "from pure generosity" he ordered me to be set at liberty, and my vessel the Cumberland to be restored. M. Monistrol's letter says "I am also "charged to address to you the copy of that letter joined herewith, and to "announce to you that as soon as circumstances will permit it you will fully "enjoy the favour that has been granted to you by His Majesty the emperor "and king". What these circumstances are I am left to conjecture, but lest they should be the refitting of the schooner. In acknowledging the receipt of his letter I said "and I am induced to hope that His Excellency the captain-"general, taking into his consideration the long delay that has already taken "place will not defer the execution of His Imperial Majesty's intentions beyond "the departure of the first neutral vessel for America or India".
1807 July Tuesday 28.

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1807 July Thursday 28.
Very early in the morning I sent away Mr. Pitot's black with a letter informing of the contents of my packet, and the letter for M. Monistrol. After breakfast, wrote letters to M.M. Suasse, Curtat, Chazal, Cap-martin, Boand and Morin informing them of the intelligence I had received; and afterwards I walked out to pay a visit to our neighbours Heerbeck, LaGlen and Defait.
Wednesday 29. Recd. a letter of congratulation from M. Curtat. Employed in correcting my narrative and with my young scholars in Middle Latitude Sailing, as before
Thursday 30. Strong winds yesterday and today which, at Vacoua, produces much rain, though scarcely any falls here. Dined with Madame LaButte, and in returning stopped to pay a visit to Mr. and Mad. Suasse where I was entertained with music on the harp by Mad. S. and a Miss Azemar who sings and plays prettily.
Friday 31. At 7 o'clock I received a letter from M. Monistrol, sent express by my friend Pitot; It was in answer to my request for a permission to go to town to arrange my affairs. I says that "when the the time of my departure "shall be fixed, of which he will inform me, the general will grant me a "sufficient number of days in town will be granted me for the arrangement of my affairs" . Thus I am now the prisoner of general De Caen during pleasure. It had been concluded by my friends, that from the expression "vous jouirez "pleinement" the favour granted you, it was intended to give me the liberty of the whole island during the time I might be obliged to stay; but this letter convinces me that the general intends to make full use of his power over my person until to the last. I have been mistaken in regard to him, for I thought him really desirous of setting me at liberty according to his expressions, but I now see the contrary. - Wrote to Mr. Pitot by the return of his messenger, and sent a letter to M. Monistrol informing him of my intention never to re-embark on board the Cumberland, unless the general denied me all other means of quitting the colony; and expressed my hope that if he intended to restore the vessel to me, rather than her value, that we would permit me to sell her and take a passage for on board some ship for America or India I also requested M. Monistrol to present my request to His Excellency that he would be pleased to grant me my books and papers, that I might employ the time I might yet have to remain might be employed in arranging them from the disorder into which they had been thrown at my shipwreck four years since; and in forwarding my voyage of discovery by the only means that remained in my power (see public letter book, this date). Received letter of congratulations from Mess. Exshaw and Morin and a letter of advice from M. Boand, who thinks I ought positively to demand a passage on board the cartel for India. It is certain that I have already sufficiently suffered from the variation of politics, and perhaps ought not to risk going to America. Wrote to M. Boand and M. Froberville at noon

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1807 Aug. Saturday 1. Fine weather. After breakfast went to the Refuge to get the key of the trunk in town which contains my books in the general's secretariat, as also several other things of which I stand in need, as well as to air my books and clothes. Called upon our honest black neighbour Jean Paul in passing, to tell him of the news I had received, at which he expressed great pleasure and many good wishes; he said he had often prayed to God for me.
In returning after dinner, made calls upon Madame de Bulloc (a cidevant countess) upon Mr. Boistel, and at Palma where I found Mr. Cap-martin and Mr. Perichon unexpectedly. Returned Arrived soon after sunset, and found a letter from my friend Pitot, who recommends me, in the correspondence I may have with this government, to avoid carefully all ill-humoured expressions
Read till midnight the introduction of les Etudes de la nature, by Mr. de Saint Pierre, where he speaks of the false conclusions drawn by astronomers from the degrees of the meridian lengthening towards the poles. He insists this is a proof of the elongation of the polar axis, whereas philosophers have agreed upon the contrary
Sunday 2. Recd. today a letter dated June 15. l807 from the Secretary of the Society of Emulation, in answer to my letter dated Jan.17 1807.
Monday 3. Small rain, with the appearance of bad weather at Vacoua. Mr. Cap-martin paid us a visit today from Palma. This afternoon, I was seized with a shivering fit, a head ach and pains in my limbs, - the consequence apparently of a cold.
Tuesday 4. Find myself a little better this morning. Employed principally in writing a letter for the Society of Emulation, upon the changes that take place on ship board, on altering the direction of the ship's head. My friend Pitot writes me, that it is generally thought in town, that the general will permit me to depart on board the Wellesley - cartel, for India, but will not inform me of his intentions until near the time of her sailing. This afternoon, we had the visit of Mr. Lucas and a younger brother of Mr. Desbassayns.
Wednesday 5. Wrote a letter to Mr. Stock (see private letter book of this date) The expenses of this colony are from 120 to 130,000 dollars per month: in the time of general Mallartie, they were about 12,000, a tenth part of the sum.
Thursday 6. Fine weather. Find my health considerably better this morning.
Had some conversation with Mr. DesBassayns upon my discovery of the changes that the variation of the compass undergoes on altering the direction of the ship's head, which seemed to interest him: Our visiters left us this afternoon.
Friday 7. Employed upon my letter and with my young scholars as before.
Saturday 8. My health is not yet re-established. I hear nothing yet, of the time fixed for my departure, but think it will be subordinate to that of a little corvette now fitting out for France.
Sunday 9. Our family went to pass the day with the family Labutte, and I accompanied them. Monday 10. We had the visit of Mess. Henry and Charles Desbassayns this evening on their way to the Riviere Noire.
Monday 10 Tuesday 11. Fresh breezes with fine weather. My friend Pitot informs me, that an American vessel which was to have sailed two or three days since, had been stopped until intelligence should be received from Europe. Began writing letters for England, to be sent by the way of America, lest I should be obliged to go to India in order to reach England. Sent my letter upon the variation to the Society of Emulat.

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Wednesday 12. Thursday 13. Communicated my observations upon the variation changes in the variation of the compass which take place on changing the direction of the ship's head to Mr. Charles DesBassayns, and also some circumstances relating to my situation here; in all of which he seemed to take much interest. He had studied some years at Paris, the different branches of natural philosophy, and found my observations and remarks accordant with philosophical experiment.
Friday 14. Learn from my friend Pitot, that my letters for England arrived too late for the American ship for which they were destined; but that two others are lying in the port, which are expected to sail shortly. Took a walk to the Bay of Tamarinds with Mr. Charles Desbassyns during which we had much conversation upon science and scientific men. In the afternoon, he left us to accompany Mr. Labauve to town, where the latter was called to assist in his quality of national dragoon, at the fête of St. Napoleon to be celebrated tomorrow. The two former years, the fête of St. Napoleon was celebrated on the 16, that of the holy virgin being the 15; it being to her that Louis 9, and after him the other Kings of France, had dedicated their kingdom; but the poor virgin is no obliged to resign in favour of the Corsican Saint.
Saturday 15. Mr. Boand arrived early this morning to pay me a visit. He brought me a letter from Mr. Stock in answer to mine of the 5th. He returned to town on foot after dinner. This evening Mad. Argentil (the divorced wife of M. Dunienville) frightened our family with a visit. She however conducted herself with moderation, and went away early the following morning
Sunday 16. Fine weather as usual these last several days. Took my two young scholars down to the bay afishing, this afternoon. Writing letters for England.
Monday 17. This morning Mr. Labauve arrived from the town, and delivered me from Mr. Boand, my letters for India, and 75 dollars I had given him to purchase presents. An American ship from Boston, sailed May 12. arrived two or three days since; but it is said does not bring any intelligence more than was known here before.
Tuesday 18. Rainy weather succeeded to a beautiful night. Sent three other letters for England to be added to the two before transmitted to my friend Pitot; and wrote a note to Mr. Bickham requiring him to forward them by the a ship which is to sail for Philadelphia in a few days. Mr. C. Desbassayns came to pass a few days with us.
Wednesday 19. Thursday 20. Fine weather. This afternoon I accompanied M.M. Labauve and Desbassayns upon a visit to admiral St.Felix and inhabitant in this neighbourhood. A brave old seaman who by the event of the revolution finds himself deprived of his fortune, save a small habitation upon which he at present resides. On our return went to meet our ladies who had gone a fishing at the Baye du Tamarin. On the way, M. DesB. communicated to me a project relating to our family that gave me the greatest pleasure. In the gazette today is a furious account of the superbe fête of St.Napoleon, of the same stamp with the bulletins of the Grand army.

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1807 Aug. Friday 21. A letter from M. Bickham yesterday promises that my letters for England shall be early forwarded.
M. and Mad. Suasse breakfasted with us as also her father M. Doe. At noon I received a letter from M. Monistrol, inviting me in the name of the captain-general to go to town to receive my books and papers and the other articles relating to my voyage of discovery. Wrote to my friend Pitot, requesting him to cause a bed to be put in M. Rouillard's pavilion for me, if it was not occupied; as also a letter to Mr. Boand, request him to inform Mr. Stock of the circumstance. Mr. Curtat arrived in the evening for a day or two
Saturday 22. Employed with my scholars as usual. Sunday 23. Mr. Desbassyns accompanied me to town, where we arrived about noon. Found Mr. Pitot just gone out into the country to dine. Call upon Mr. Chazal, and accompanied him to dinner at Mr. Chevreau's. Drank tea with Mr. Called upon captain LeBlanc and Mr. Stock, whom I found in a state of incertitude as to their departure, and not over well satisfied with the proceedings of the government with respect to them. My friend Pitot accompanied me to supper at Mr. Chazal's.
Monday 24. Breakfasted with Mr. Pitot, where Mr. André D'Arifat called. He arrived in town last night and meant to go to Tamarinds to dinner. Received a visit from Mr. Stock and captain LeBlanc this morning, as also from Mr. Boand and Mr. Deverinne. Went to Mr. Monistrol at 11, who appointed me four o'clock to receive my books and papers. When I inquired if any determination was made relative to the manner and time of my departure, he said no; and seemed to hint at the possibility of my being still detained; the order for my liberation having been given when there was a communication and some good intelligence between the two governments, but which, was it to be demanded now, might possibly be refused. Under the plea of taking an interest in my situation Mr. M. recommended me to take a step which he thought might be successful in hastening my departure; but I thought I perceived a snare laid for me, and therefore, thanking him for his intention, pretended to wait patiently for the general's determination, and to remain quiet. - Dined with Mr.Stock and capt. Leblanc. In the afternoon went to Mr. Monistrol, who had gone out; but he soon after sent for me and I received the trunk containing my books and papers; which I had carried immediately to my lodgings. The third volume of my log book was retained in order to have some extracts made from it, after which it was to be given to me. The two boxes containing the despatches of governor King and colonel Paterson, were altogether refused me, but Mr. Monistrol promised to give me a certificate of refusal. With respect to the Cumberland, he informed me that a valuation had been made of her, and of the stores on board, and that the amount

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1807 August Monday 24
amount would be given to me; but with respect to the time or manner of my departure he gave me no information. My two spy glasses and my sword he said would also be returned to me. Wrote to M. D'Arifat, by Mr. C. Desbassayns, of my transactions
I had an invitation to spend the evening with a party at the house of M. DeGlos; but not being disposed to go into company, I preferred spending the evening with M. and Mad. Chazal.
Tuesday 25. Opened my trunk of books, in which I found the rats had made great havock, particularly amongst the letters. After breakfasting at Mr. Brunets, wrote to Mr.Monistrol inclosing a receipt for the trunks as contained in the public letter book, Aug. 24. 1807.
Had several visits this morning. Dined with my friend Pitot at Mr. Deverinne's. Employed preparing my papers received to be sent out to the habitation
Wednesday 26. Sent out my trunk by the man who brought my mare from Tamarinds; breakfasted with Mr. DeGlos, and returned afterwards. On the road I learned the death of Madame Alliés, a very particular friend of the family and on my arrival found them in great affliction under the apprehension of the event which had really happened; but which, it from the extreme sensibility of Mad. D'Arifat, it was judged necessary to hide from her a little longer
I was very much dejected on quitting the town, not immediately from the contrarieties I experience from the general, but from finding more and more as I examine into myself, how little I am fit for a public life or even holding a respectable place in society. The misfortune is, that the more I ascertain myself disqualified, the less fit I become from the consciousness of my own demerits. I am become more than ever timid, and afraid of ridicule; so that there is perhaps no personal danger that I would not encounter rather than the most trifling ridicule which throws me into confusion. I carry it so far even, that if any one is blamed for the want of some good quality or talent, my uneasy mind begins to search internally if I do not merit the same reproach; the consciousness even that it cannot attach to me is not even sufficient to give me assurance, for I apprehend that others some of the company may think I merit it, and if the look of any one seems to bespeak it, I am covered with confusion. This was the true cause of my melancholy in Sept. 1806, and It will be well if I am not thrown into a similar state again by my own reflexions. The melancholy news I heard upon the road, and knowledge I have

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of the effect it would have upon the sensible hearts of our good family, turned my thoughts into another channel, and gave me relief. By thinking that I might assist in consoling the afflicted, I acquired a degree of assurance that for the moment set my mind at rest
Thursday 27. The family Sauvejet, M. Andrew D'Arifat, and Mr. C. Desbassayns continue with us. Yesterday Mr. Labauve informed me on the part of his family, of the probable connection of Mr. Desbassayns; and that the young lady had given her consent with the approbation of her friends. The information that their friend Mad. Alliés was past recovery was communicated this morning, and caused many tears particularly from Miss D. who was the most intimately connected with the deceased. Took an agreeable walk with Mr. Desb. and conversed much upon the circumstances that conducted me to the I.of France. - Employed today with my scholars, and in putting up the letters from Port Jackson into packets
Friday 28. Wrote a letter of recommendation for Mr. Henry Desbassayns, who proposes shortly to go to France by the way of America. Wrote to my old acquaintance Mr. Bonnefoy, informing him of my present position, and speaking of the dictionary he lent me.
Saturday 29. Mad. D'Arifat conversed with me upon the proposed union with her of Mr. C. Desb. With her family. This evening my friend Thos. Pitot, with his brother Edward, and Mr. Exshaw came to visit me.
Sunday 30. Made an excursion with my visiters to the Baye du Tamarin: in the afternoon they returned to the town. Our family begin to recover a little from the sadness into which they were thrown by the death of their friend Mad. Alliés.
Monday 31. Employed writing letters for Port Jackson and for England and India in the probability that the general may send me to France in the corvette that is now preparing for sea under the command of his brother. In this point of view I judge it necessary to send away all the letters from Port Jackson which I have lately received, as also the ship's books and papers, by the way of India, lest in France they may be taken from me
Tuesday Aug September 1. Employed putting up the letters into packets and writing notes with them; amongst others a letter to the secretary of the admiralty explaining my present uncertainty situation with respect to the time and manner of my departure. Walked till late in the evening with Mr. DesBassayns (C) as usual.
Wednesday Sept. 2. Wrote to Sir Ed. Pellew, to whom I address the whole of the letters in a case. see public and private letter books of this date
Thursday 3. Sent away the case to captain LB. with two receipts for him to sign Employed writing and adding Postscripts to letters for India.
Friday 4. My messenger returned with the receipts signed and a note from captain LB.

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1807 Sept. Friday 4.
captain LB. who has yet has received no intelligence of his departure. La Piémontaise frigate and Le Revenant privateer sailed yesterday, for which, in part, it is supposed the cartel is detained. Letters from Mr. Pitot inform me, of two battles having taken place between the Russians and French, in which the former, are said to have nearly lost the whole of their army. On the other hand, a report prevails amogst amongst the public of the death of the French emperor, to which however, not much credit is given - Walked to the Baye du Tamarin with Mr. C. Deb. where we read a part of St. Pierre's Etudes de la Nature, the most superficial work that I have ever read; more false systems supported by disguised facts were perhaps never before hazarded in public: his style is said to be very attractive, and to have seduced many to the adoption of his opinions
Saturday 5. Dined today with Mr. and Mad. Suasse in fulfilment of an ancient promise. Mr. Desb. returned to town today, with the intention of rejoining us at the Refuge.
Sunday 6. After breakfasted, the whole family set off upon horses, asses and in palanquins to return to the Refuge, having passing 13 weeks of the winter at Tamarinds. We found it still cold at Vacoua with small rain. Recd. a letter from Mr. Pitot, from which it seems that the reported death of Bonaparte has excited great sensations in the town. The government does all in its power to contradict the report, and sent the small vessel Goube-mouche to Bourbon to trace the origin of the report, which is said to have come from thence
Monday 7. Employed in preparing cases to receive my effects; in order to be ready at short notice should I be summoned to town to embark in the cartel, or on board the Apropos - corvette for France.
Tuesday 8. Wednesday 9. Employed with my scholars, and in preparing correcting a copy of my narrative to be sent to Sir E.P. should it be finished in time, and the general refuse me to embark on board the Wellesley. Mr. C.
Desbassayns come to pass a few days with us.
Thursday 10. Dull weather, but not very cold. Took a walk to the cascade in the Riv. Tamarind. A letter from my friend Pitot speaks of the yet uncertainty in the public respecting the death of the French emperor. The government it seems take great pains to suppress it. An expression, peaked hummock, in my letter to the society of Em. it seems, has puzzled all the translators of English, not one of their various dictionaries containing a similar term, but the authors of them were not seamen.
Friday 11. The weather cold and moist, so that we were not able to visit the Mare aux Vacouas, as we had projected
Saturday 12. Mr. C. Desb. returned to town, to be present at a dinner given by his brother to his friends before quitting the island. Recd. letters from Mr. Boand and Mr. Stock

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1807 Sept. Sunday 13. Monday 14. This morning I expected to see Mr. Boand, according to his letter of the 12 but am disappointed. Nothing certain is yet known of the truth or falsehood of the report of the death of Bonaparte; and the public are much agitated thereby, though partly obliged to be silent, and even to disbelieve it, against the creed of some, for fear of offending the government, which seems to have taken all the means in their power to suppress or falsify the report
As yet the officers of the cartel have no intelligence of the time they shall be permitted to depart; and with respect to me; the government is still mysteriously silent. Occupied correcting my journal (the copy intended for lndia) and with my young scholars; also in preparing trunks to receive my books &c. ready to depart.
Tuesday 15 - Wednesday 16 Fine weather returned this morning. Mr. Boand arrived at half past 7 from the town on foot, and returned in the afternoon according to his usual custom. A head-ach and slight fever that has troubled me two or three, has at last fixed upon my throat, which I see this morning is ulcerated - Mr. C. Desbassayns did not come till this evening. He returns on Saturday to Bourbon, and back to this island in January, in order to complete an important affair here, in this family
Thursday 17. Took an emetic this morning, it being considered the best remedy for the Thrush, [indecipherable] having made their appearance on each side of my throat: I found almost immediate benefit after the emetic had done working - Mr. Henry Desbassayns, and Mr. Labauve dined here today
Friday 18. Wrote to M. Bergeret, and sent M. Mallac the letter of recommendation for his son, by M. C. Desbassayns who returned to town this morning to embark for Bourbon. Employed packing my books &c. ready to depart at an hour's warning. The Apropos being expected to sail on the 21 and the cartel very soon afterwds.
Saturday 19. Made notes of animals, fruits, roots, trees &c. in this island that would be most valuable to Australia. Find my throat almost well this morning.
Sunday 20. Employed translating with French, having made all my preparations as far as I can, for an expeditious departure
Monday 21. Dull weather. After breakfast, went to pass the day at Tamarinds with Mr. Labauve. Won 15 fish at trick-track (which we play here almost every evening) and returned at 7 o'clock. The Princess Charlotte, I learn is at length arrived from Madagascar. M. Dumouhy, to whom I gave a letter of recommendation, is returned very ill of a flux. The Apropos that was to have sailed this day, does not go, it is said, till the 25.
Tuesday 22. Dull weather, and less cold than before. Wednesday 23. Thursday 24. Fine charming weather. Employed translating into French the second chapter of my narrative, and with my young scholars as usual. Our neighbours are not yet returned from the child town. Mad. Chazal having lost her last child, as also her mother has thrown them and their friends into the greatest affliction, and kept them in town

[Page 135]

September 1807
Thursday 24 continued. Friday 25. Saturday 26. The weather tolerable fine, and rather cold. As yet no news of my departure. Though according to all reports the cartel is to sail three or four days after the corvette for France, and she is to sail tomorrow. - Sunday 27. Employed translating the 2nd. chapter of my narrative into French as before, and with my young scholars. The conduct of one of my friends in this house has continued to give me much pain these four or five months, my warmest friendship was first attracted by kindness and amiability of conduct almost unparalled, which is now changed to the opposite, keeping just within the rules of decency. (Drawing patterns of broidery also for our young ladies.
['see letterbook 10 Oct 1807. F.P.' has been added in pencil]

Monday 278. Beautiful weather these two days. Tuesday 289. Today I received a polite letter of thanks from Mr. Mallac, for one that I sent him recommending his son to the comm's. of H.M. ships, should he be taken in his passage out from France. Received today from Miss D. her translation of Atala into English for my wife; and presented her with a model for broidery of my invention, which was approved and received
Wednesday 30. My friend Pitot informs me today that the corvette, the Apropos, had sailed for France; but the captain of the cartel has yet received no intelligence of his departure
Thursday October 1. This evening I saw for the third time a comet bearing West or WbN. It has been visible 12 or 14 days at the Isle of France, but we remarked it only a few evenings ago. It has not a tail, but a very long beard, nearly as expressed at the side. [A drawing of the comet is on the right hand side of the page] It evidently increases its distance from the sun, and apparently also from the earth. Its direction is more northwardly each evening, and it is more elevated. whence I judge its course to be towards the north east. At 7 o'clock it's altitude was about 15º or 17º. The beard or tail seemed to be in a strait line from the place of the sun, and as the sun was to the south of the comet, the tail inclined towards the north.
Thur Friday 2. The comet nearly as distinct this evening as yesterday. A star* which was to the N.W. of it yesterday about 2º or 3º was today S.W. about 5º Its progress towards the north should therefore be nearly 76º or 87º in 24 hours, but it seems to incline something eastwd. and its course may be about N.N.E. Its tail was nearly as long, but I think not quite, as yesterday. Recd. letters this evening from Mr. Boand and Mr. Pitot who inform me that the commander of the cartel is highly dissatisfied with being kept so long here; that he yet has received no information of the time he shall be permitted to depart. It is supposed that he will be kept until the sailing of another vessel called the Actéon, which, is expected to sail for France in a week or two few days.
Saturday 3. Most beautiful weather; the air so clear that yesterday evening I saw the new moon, although it was not quite 24 hours after the time of her passing the sun.
Our neighbour Chevreau returned to his habitation
*I think the star was þ Libra

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Oct. 3. 1807
from the town. The comet nearly the same this evening, but considerably advanced towards the N. E.ward. The Actéon is expected to sail in a day or two, but it begins to be thought that I shall not be permitted to go to India in the cartel
Sunday 4. Fine weather. Monday 5. the same. The comet advanced to the northwd. somewhat paler, and the tail shorter. Employed in translating into French, and with my scholars, having now no particular employment, and not wishing to commence any until I know whether I am to go in the cartel. Wrote to Mr. Boand in French
Tuesday 6. The weather cloudy, and somewhat cold. Today Miss S. gave me a copy of her brother's translation of the story of the Marquis de Caraba, into the creole language of this island, a kind of corrupted French used and apparently invented by the negro slaves, as the language of the slaves in Jamaica is a corrupted English. The translation not only gives the particulars genius of their language, but also shews much of their character; it is an original in its way. No news as yet of the departure of the cartel, or of the Actéon which report says is to precede it.
Wednesday 7. Fine weather. Thursday 8. Wrote a letter to the Minister of the French marine, on the supposition (see public letter book of this date) that I shall not be permitted to go neither by India or America.
Friday 9. Fine weather. Wrote to captain Le B. as by private letter book of this date. The sailing of the Acteon is yet uncertain, and consequently the departure of the cartel; although I suspect very much that it is not on that account she is kept. At eight at night, a letter sent express from Mr. Stock informed me of his having received orders to sail on Monday and that he should immediately make the application for me to embark in the Wellesley. I entertain no hope of his succeeding, but possibly something of the general's intentions with respect to me may be learned. Immediately wrote letters to Mr. S and Mr. Boand (see private letter book of this date) added postcripts to my letters for India, particularly that of E.P. and despatched them with a copy of my journal to Mr. B. at 5 in the morning of Saturday the 10; accompanied with a letter for Mr. Pitot.
During this day I received no intelligence whatever, nor did my friend Pitot come as I had expected in the evening
Sunday 10. At noon, a letter from Mr. Pitot informed me that the sailing of the Wellesley and two Danish ships for India, as also the Acteon for France, gave him too much employment to be able to visit me. Mr. Stock had received no answer to his application relating to me; and not the least hopes now remained of my departure either in the cartel or on board the Acteon. My sole hope now is that I may be afterwards permitted to sail in an American ship; The English prisoners in the Grande Riviere prison are to liberated on Monday and sent on board the Wellesley, so that for the third time I shall again see myself the only English prisoner in the Isle of France: I who never did or intended any kind of warfare

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1807 October 11
to the French or their allies; I who was employed in seeking discoveries for the benefit of all nations, - who had just before escaped from shipwreck, and who was furnished with a passport from the French government! I whom, after near four years imprisonment have been ordered to be set at liberty, by the advice of the council of state, and by the order of the Emperor! which order is dated eighteen months back, and has been received near three months. It is inconceivable, the animosity of this [indecipherable] tyrant barbarian to me. It seems as if he would never be weary of tormenting me
October 12. At noon, my messenger returned from the town without any letter from Mr. Stock; but one from M.P. informed me, that the officers of the cartel had returned to their ship on Saturday afternoon, and that all communication with the shore was forbidden them. The general had absolutely refused to let the English prisoners go; even those that had been embarked on board the Holstein three four or five months since; and Mr. Boand, to whom he had given leave to embark in the cartel was likewise prevented. The reason of these new violences was not known, but it was conjectured that the general had received some intelligence from India that displeased him; for my own part, I think it not impossible, that a simple application from Mr. Stock for me to be included in the number of English prisoners that he expected to receive, may have perhaps produced this violence. It could be no reason with a man whose actions were guided by reason and justice, since in making the application he did no more than his duty; and if he did not chuse to let me go he had only to do so, or to give no answer at all, as is his common custom. But to make others suffer for this is the highest injustice
I went to communicate this disagreeable intelligence to M. Chevreau, and staid to dine with him. He advised me to defer the redemanding my parole until he should go to town, when I would endeavour to learn the intentions of the general with respect to me
October 13. I learned at noon that the cartel sailed yesterday afternoon, the 12, but I have no other information.
October 14. Recd. from Mr. Stock a copy of his letter to the general's secretary, and the answer thereto. As usual, the answer is enigmatical as to when I shall be permitted to depart, but says that when circumstances will permit, I shall be sent to London! The only information this gives me is, that the general considers the order he has received to be sufficient authority for letting me go, but the important object, the when, is still enveloped in mystery. Mr. Boand (from whom I have two letters) hopes to go in the Holstein, which sails tomorrow. At his solicitation and that of Mr. Gueznec, wrote a letter in favour of the son of the latter, a prisoner at Chandernagore which I addressed to Sir Ed. Pellew - see pub. let. of this date
Thursday -15. Friday 16. Having received no further intelligence, wrote the letter to M. Monistrol in pub. lett. book. requesting him to transmit me my log book, and to inform me if possible at what time the general would put the order of the government in execution by setting me at liberty. MM. Chazal and Chevreau supped with me this evening

[Page 138]

Friday Oct. 16.
and both of them joined in recommending me to consider myself no longer upon parole: the order of the government they considered to absolve me from it; but I am not of this opinion. Until this moment, I have endeavoured to conduct myself free of reproach, and I am determined to persevere to the end, whatever may be my sufferings. If no answer, or rather no decisive one, is given to my letter of today, I shall demand back my parole and afterwards act as circumstances render most advisable
Saturday Oct. 17. This evening my friend Pitot came to visit me as he had announced. - Sunday 18. Mr. Chazal dined with us. Recd. the receipt for my letter to M. Monistrol.
Monday 19. My friend Pitot returned to town this morning. I accompanied him as far as M. Chazals where we breakfasted - Agreed with Mr. P. upon a petition to be presented in case of my being put in prison. - This evening M. Chevreau returned from the town; he had seen Mr. Monistrol and spoke to him of me. As usual Mr. M. either could not or would not say anything certain, but upon the whole it appeared that I had little or no hopes of being set at liberty. The non-arrival of the order direct from France appears to have excited suspicions. Mons. la Chappelle, officer of the etat-major came with M. Chevreau
Tuesday 20 Wrote to Sir E.P. informing him of my situation and inclosing copies of the letter I had written to Mr. M. on the l6 and of another I propose to write on the 24th should no answer be returned to the first. Requested Mr. Boand to remit the commissions with Wednesday 2 which I had charged him for India.
Wednesday 21. Went with intention of passing the day with Mr. Chazal, but meeting Mr. Boand on the road, I returned after having breakfasted. I learned with much pleasure that Mr. B. had agreed for a passage with Mr. deGlos, and that he intended to see the general tomorrow to obtain his approbation; at the same time he proposed to take an opportunity of speaking to him about me. Mr. Cap-martin came also and dined with us. He dissuaded me strongly from giv redemanding my parole, representing that it would not abridge the term of my detention, perhaps the contrary, and my time would pass very miserably
Thursday 22. Very fine weather as we have had for many days. In the lower parts of the island the dryness begins to be hurtful, and our streams here are for the most part nearly dried up. Our family dined today with Mr. and Mad. Chevreau, by invitation. Mr. Airolles and Chazal came in the evening. The former expressed much regret that I had not been permitted to depart on board the cartel: he exhorted me to have patience still and not demand my parole to be given up, assuring me that I had more friends in the Isle of France than perhaps I was aware of. Every person with whom I converse are of opinion that I ought either wait longer as I am an or make my escape.
Friday 23. Went to Tamarinds to pass the day with Mr. Labauve. I met MM. Suasse and Morin, both of whom testified much regret at the continuation of my detention. I returned back late in the evening, when I found an obliging letter from M. DeGlos going to India on board the Danish ship Waldermar
Saturday 24. Recd. a letter from M. Pitot informing me that Mr. B had not time to write me the result of a long conversation with the general relating to me. Nothing positive could be learned from the general. Let. of this date his.

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1807 October Sunday 25. Mr. Labauve accompanied his youngest sister to Moka this morning. Mr. Phil. C. brought me early this morning some money from Mr. Pitot, and a letter from Mr. Monistrol in answer to mine of the 16. from which I learn nothing more than before: the same mystery and incertitude continue. I learn that an officer of the Etat-major police went on board the Waldermar last night and searched the trunks of Mr. Boand from whence he took one or more eleven letters, then telling him he was at liberty to depart. The Waldermar was to sail early this morning. - A ship arrived from Boston, declares to have spoken a ship from England on the passage, which informed him that it was generally believed the peace upon the continent was signed, and a general peace was fully expected to take place immediately
Monday 26. Went with the intention of passing the day with Mr. Chazal, but found him gone to the town. Returned by Mr. Bostel's to whom I paid a visit in the way. Recd. a friendly letter from Mr. Froberville in which he requests me for the love of God not to redemand my parole: that such a step would add to my sufferings without anyway abridging the time of my detention
Tuesday 27. Went to Tamarinds to meet Mr. Curtat. I spent the rest of the day there and did not return till the following morning - Wednesday 28. Found a letter which informed me that 13 letters had been taken from Mr. Boand, amongst which four were from me. There are people who pretend that a prisoner upon parole was not at liberty to write letters which were not sent open to the town-major: to which it was answered that it would be very proper to make this a condition when taking the parole, but that no such condition had ever been made with me; and that, therefore, I could not be supposed to be under any restriction of that nature; that the exactitude which with which I had adhered to every obligation imposed upon me, was a sufficient guarantee that I should have kept this also had I consented to admit it amongst the conditions of my parole
The general being absent from the town upon an excursion into the interior of the island, I have deferred making an application to go to town until his return. Previous to determining upon taking back my parole, I desired to see Mr. Monistrol.
Thursday 29. Fine weather this morning, whereas for two or three days we have had frequent showers of rain, which were very acceptable, though less so here than in the lower parts of the island. As yet I hear nothing in consequence of the seizure of my letters, nor am I at all uneasy about it, although it is probable that the animosity of general De Caen will find something in them which by a little turning he may make to suit his purpose
Friday 30. Employed translating a part of my journal into French, and with my young scholars who are advanced so far as to calculate the variation of the compass by azimuth and Amplitude. A letter from my friend Pitot announces his visit here tomorrow. The news of an Saturday 31 approaching peace does not seem to be founded upon a known positive facts, but is thought to be very probable. I have not much confidence in it myself, seeing that similar reports have taken place every year about this time since I have been in this island

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October 1807 Saturday 31. Fine weather The signals from the hills announce a French ship which is probably from France. This evening my friend Pitot and Mr. Exshaw paid me a visit. I learned nothing new from them, except that it is supposed every thing I had with Mr. Boand had been seized by the officer of the police and taken to M. Monstirols office. I plainly see that the sudden embarkation of M M. LeBlanc and Stock, the order forbidding any communication with them, the preventing Mr. Boand to go with them, were all arranged with the intention of seizing any letters; and hence arises also the patience and even gaiety with which he listened to Mr.Boand when talking of me
November Sunday 1. My friends quitted to me this afternoon in the rain. These two days past we have had a breeze from the westward towards noon, which always produces showers of rain in the summer season. La Semillante arrived from a cruise today having made four prizes valued at 400,000 piastres. Amongst them in the Althea commanded by Mr. Richardson, who was here two years since commanding the Thetis cartel
Monday 2. Two of the Semillante's prizes arrived. Le Jaxur privateer is taken
Tuesday 3. Another of the prizes arrived. It seems the frigate was chased during 3 days by an English frigate, which she led out of the way to give her prizes time to reach the I. of France before they could be overtaken. I do not learn any thing of my young friend Mons. Baudin, enseign of the Semillante, as yet. - Employed with my young scholars, and in translating into French as before.
Wednesday 4. Beautifully fine weather. The uncertain reports of an approaching peace still continue to be current. Received a from my friend Pitot a court Kalandar for 1807 which M. Kerjean had the goodness to send me, and also a few American gazettes for the month of June from another quarter. I was informed that it is thought the general will order me to town shortly to be present at the opening and reading of my letters seized from Mr. Boand: this would be very opportune with the request I made I made on Sunday to go to town
Thursday 5. Fine weather Friday 6. A gale of wind with small rain, with small rain from the S.E., which continued more or less throughout the day. In the evening we heard many guns, as if a general salute was firing: this excited in our family the hopes that the news of a continental peace had arrived. A ship was signaled as in sight to leeward, which proved to be a prize the Eliza made Saturday 7 by Surcouf in the Revenant loaded with rice and valued at 100,000 dollars or more
Saturday 7. This afternoon Mr. Labauve conducted his youngest sister back from Moka
Sunday 8. Not being able to learn what letters have been seized, nor receiving any answer to any application to go to the town, I began writing letters for India
Monday 9. Tuesday 10. Employed re writing my letters for Port Jackson and India. Having finished them sent them away at noon, with a letter of recommendation for Mr. Exshaw in case he should by any hazard have occasion for it. Recd. a letter from Mr. Exshaw which informed me that captain Motard had had a conversation with the general respecting me, not that the latter told him it was his intention to send me to France Europe by the first convenient opportunity. Although this comes to the same thing as I have been told before, it yet gives me pleasure, as it induces me to give more credit to his veracity: for hitherto I have believed that it was only a pretext and not his real intention. But how will he find a convenient opportunity to send me to Europe? I know not unless he has this intention of sending the Semillante to France. This idea struck me on receiving the answer to Mr. Stock's application where it is said I should be sent to London and then I imagine the general would perhaps send the Semillante to England under a flag of truce

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1807 November Tuesday 10
but to that effect she must go without guns, and without despatches.
We dined today agreeably with Mr. Chevreau in the woods by the side of the Riviere du Rempart, and on our return found Mr. André D'Arifat from Flacq. to visit his mother and family. My letter from Mr. Exshaw says that the Russians having been beaten in a great action by the French who have also taken Dantzic. The Turks are said to have gained a naval victory over the Russians, and a battle over the English at Alexandria who have lost 1400 men. A quarrel is said also to have taken place between an American and an English frigate, the former having received three deserters from the latter which she refused to give up. The Englishman gave him a broadside and obliged him to strike; and taking his three men, went away, having killed and wounded 20 men. The people in America are said to be furious against the English and to have done mischief to the English ships in their harbour. A sloop was despatched to England to obtain satisfaction or to settle this difference
Repeated my letter to Mr. Monistrol for a permission to go to town, having received no answer to that of Oct. 31.
Wednesday 11. Mr. Labauve came from Tamarind to meet his brother. Recd. today a navy and an army list for February 1807, which Mr. Pitot procured for me from captain Motard. He inclosed me a letter he had received from captain Richardson of the Althea, by which I learn that the two officers prisoners are Lt. col. Fenton and captain Keasberry of the Indian army. Mr.Richardson proposed asking a permission to come out here to see me. The gazette extraordinary confirms the intelligence given me yesterday by Mr. Exshaw, which was brought by the Catharine from New York The only good news I see is the increase of pay to the captains of the navy, by which I see mine increased one half, but subject to the income tax
Thursday 12. Strong breeze with small rain, as in the winter and the same on Friday 13. Recd. today answer to my application to go to town, which says "the captain-general cannot at this moment grant me a permission".
Began writing the V111th rough chapter of my narrative.
Saturday 14. Sunday 15 Mr. Frederick Pitot called upon me, and I gave him back my letter of recommendation dated Dec.15.1806 previous to his voyage to Java, to which he proposes to make another voyage. Walked out with him to the Rivière du Tamarin where we learnt the general had passed an hour before in his way to the Grand Bassin upon a hunting excursion. A large party of slaves have been preparing the road for his passage during the last week. Recd. letters from my friend Henry Pitot and Mr. Exshaw; which say that a small Danish brig arrived yesterday reports that the news of a continental peace was believed to have taken place in India. Mr. Pitot says, that one of the scientific gentlemen of captain Baudin's expedition, who had stopped some years at Batavia, had arrived in America with his numerous collections and writes to the Society of Emulation here "Je partirai dans environ huit "jours pour la France. J'ai obtenu de l'Ambassadeur Anglais des passeports "pour moi et mes collections" Another proof of the liberality of the British government, which places the opposite conduct of general De Caën in a more conspicuous light. I imagine it must be Mr. Lecheneau the botanist who writes this.
It seems that this ship in which Mr. E. was to have sailed for Tranquebar yesterday, is stopped until a small privateer shall have gone out. He does not expect to sail before the beginning of the next month. His letter contains many thanks for the letter of recommendation I sent him some days since
Monday 16. This evening in returning from my ordinary walk in the habitation, we encountered generals De Caen, Vandermasen, and a long train of horseman and blacks. In returning from the excursion to the Grand Basin, it appeared that they desired to get into this Chemin

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1807. November Monday 16
Chemin de la Vergue, they had mistaken their proper route. The ladies not having any inclination to meet these gentlemen retreated hastily into another path; I stood a little on one side whilst they passed, and saluted the generals which was returned by the whole party. They had obtained a guide at the house to shew them into the road. I should have been very glad to have been at the house when they came up, to have spoken to the general concerning my departure, but it was too late to stop him in the road. They had killed three deer, as the last of the gentlemen told me, but he told me false, they killed nothing
Tuesday 17. Employed writing the rough eighth chapter of my narrative. Fine wr. these last few days, but more relation to the winter than to the summer. Recd. letters from Mr. Pitot and Mr. Baudin. The latter says, that the general appeared to captain M. to have the intention of sending me away very soon: his letter is as usual very friendly and well written. A neighbour tells me this evening that he heard in the town that what the general might have said to C.M. could be considered no more than my letters "des que les "circonstances le permettrant" &c. that his animosity was as great as ever perhaps greater, from what he found in my letters
Wednesday 18. Set off with the intention of passing two days with Mr. Froberville at Mocha. Made the long tour, passing near the Reduit and the lower part of Moka Arrived at noon. During the two days I passed there, read the first volume of the Tableau de Paris of M. le Mercier, and a part of the history of Ratsimalao chief of the north-eastern part of Madagascar. He put into my hands three quires of that history, four quires containing three voyages of M. Mayeur in the north, the south, and the interior of Madagascar and three quires of Researches into the history &c. of Madagascar, with full authority to do with them as I thought good, either by taking them to France to his brother in case of my being sent there, making a translation of the whole, or of the history only, and publishing it in England, or returning them to him if I did not chuse to engage in the work. These labours have occupied M. de Froberville during two or three years, but at present his health, and particularly his eyes are so deranged, that he finds himself totally incapable to presecute it; and from the circumstances of the war, from enjoying any making public what he has done. Having thrown it totally aside, he immediately complied with my proposition of making a translation and publishing it should it appear to me sufficiently interesting. With respect to any pecuniary advantages that might arise therefrom, I proposed an equal division, to which he consented, but desiring one to act altogether as I thought proper
Friday 20. Mr. F. accompanied me to breakfast at the house of Mad. Lachaise, his wife's aunt, and afterwards to dinner with M. Renou Desvaux, a relation of my friend Pitot. In the afternoon I returned to the Refuge, where I found a note from my friend P. informing me of the arrival of two prizes to the Piémontaise and Revenant, loaded with rice
Saturday 21. Rainy weather this morning. My friend Pitot arrived in the evening. It seems that there is an intention of fitting a cartel in which the whole of the English prisoners are to be sent away. The conversation of the general with captain M. respecting me, arose from the subject of the English prisoners brought in by the latter for whom he obtained a permission to remain in town; indeed the whole of his conduct towards them seems to have been very honourable. The general said he had another prisoner here since some time, that he had great reason to be dissatisfied with his conduct which in the commencement had been very insolent; and he left capt. M. to understand that the government had in some measure left him at liberty to act with me as he should think proper

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1807 Nov. Sunday 22
Rainy weather in the morning, but fine afterwards. My friend left me in the afternoon to return to the town
Monday 23. Wrote to my young friend M. Baudin and to Mr. Pitot. On thinking of how far I was at liberty, I reflect that the government have ordered my liberty, - that the general has told me I shall fully enjoy that liberty as soon as circonstances will permit, - as soon as a convenient occasion of returning to Europe presents itself; it is then nothing but the want of such an occasion that keeps me. Am I obliged to wait continually for this? Why not, find one for myself
Tuesday 24. Fine weather. Wednesday 25. Our family with Mr. & Mrs. Chevreau made a fishing party to the Mare aux Vacouas. Passed an agreeable day, dined under the trees and returned in the evening. We learn that the Piémontaise has made a prize of a convoy of nine sail, loaded with rice. The sloop of war that convoyed them made her escape
Thursday 26. Employed as usual with my young scholars, and in writing the VIII chapter of my narrative in rough. Many vessels signaled today
Friday 27. Wrote to my friend to make arrangements for sending away my things. He tells me that Mr. Texier a member of the Society, who embarked for France on board the Catherine Rey for New York to return to France is to pay 500 dollars for his passage, and to find himself with every thing even to wood and water! The extortion practised here for passages is inconceivable
Saturday 28. Employed with my rough narrative &c. as before. Sunday 29. Accompanied Mr. Chevreau upon a visit to Mr. Labauve at Tamarinds. In the evening I called upon Mad. Labutte, and Mad. Suasse upon Mr. and Mrs Suasse; with whom I was prevailed upon to pass the evening and night.
Monday 30. Returned to breakfast with Mr. L. passed an agreeable day, and returned, with my companion to Vacouas in the evening
December Tuesday 1. Mod. breezes with fine weather. Having written up my narrative in rough, began reading the Recherches &c. of Mr. Froberville upon Madagascar. Learn from Mr. P. that the Gobe-mouche is preparing for sea; and Wednesday 2 he thinks that if any vessel is intended to carry me to the Cape or to St. Helena, it may possibly be her. Six prizes are arrived, and the Piémontaise was in sight with her 11th prize; all however are not arrived
Wednesday 2. This afternoon accompanied our ladies upon a visit to M. and Mad: Ch. who returned to their habitation yesterday. Learn from Mr. P. that my project cannot at present take effect; but that the Gobe-mouche is preparing for sea.
Thursday 43. Employed with my two young scholars, and in reading the Recherches sur l'origine des Madecasses of M. Froberville; my amusements are le Tableau de Paris of Mercier, and Londres et les Anglais of Ferri de St. Constant.
Friday 5 4. Had a short visit from Mr. Cap-martin lately installed superintendant at Palma, whether the whole of the Mr. Perichons family retires. Wrote to Mr. Froberville with the Tableau de Paris, - to Mr. Richardson, and my friend Pitot. Spent the evening with Mr and Mad. Chevreau

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1807 Dec. Saturday 5. Mr. P. Loustou and Mr. Chevreau called upon me this morning, and I returned with them to dinner. A letter from my friend Pitot says that nothing can at present be done to forward my plan. Captain Ward is expected soon to arrive from India This evening we heard a salute by the forts, without knowing the cause. It was the fête of the emperors coronation
Sunday 6 Mr. and Mrs. Chazal spent the evening with us. Recd. a letter from Mr. Richardson, which informs me that the English prisoners hoped to be liberated and to be sent to India in a cartel which is expected to sail in 15 or 20 days. He speaks highly of the treatment received by them from captain Motard, both during the time they were on board and since their arrival here
Monday 7. Fine weather, as during the last several days. The dryness of the season begins to be very sensibly felt. Occupied with Mr. Mayeurs voyages, and in making a sketch of his routes in Madagascar
Tuesday 8. Wednesday 9. The arrival of an American ship gives much important news relative to the battle of Freidlan, the landing of 20,000 English at Stratsund, the assassination of the Grand Turk and French at Constantinople &c. Had the visit of M.M. Labauve and Chalvet de Touville. Passed the evening at Mr. Chazals, where I received a first lesson at Chess
Thursday 10. Passed the afternoon at the same house, where I found Mr. and Mrs. Bickham from the town
Friday 11. Saturday 12. Employed with my young scholars, and with the voyages of Mr. Mayeur at Madagascar.
Sunday 13. Recd. a packet of India newspapers which Mr. P had borrowed from Mr. Kerjean. A letter from Mr. F. begged me to give his son a letter of recommendation in case of his being taken in his voyage to Batavia. I see that the French had evacuated Swedish Pomerania, - had lost many men, particularly at Eylau, - had been repeatedly attacked in their winter quarters. - had called out the conscription for 1808, but that nevertheless they were still in general victorious. On board a prize were found French agents and inflamatory papers calculated to excite an insurrection in our W. India Islands amongst the slaves. It seems that negotiations, through the mediation of Austria, for peace were on foot, and there seems to be a prospect that should she not succeed she will declare against France
Monday 14. The dry weather still continues. Employed with my young scholars and the travels of Mr Mayeur in a Madagascar
Tuesday 15. All our family well passed the day agreeably with the families Chazal, Chevreaux and Bickham, at the house of the former. Returned well fatigued in the evening
Wednesday 16. The miserable anniversary of my imprisonment in this island, completing the fourth year. I learn that the cartel is arming for India with all expedition
Thursday 17. Dry weather, and except for the plantations, very fine. Wrote to my friend Baudin whom I learn has been wounded in a duel. Wrote also to Mr. Richardson and my friend Pitot. Wrote a short note to Mr. Texier thanking him for his offer of taking charge of my letters, intended to serve him a sort of recommendation in case of his being taken going to France by the way of America

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1807 December Friday 18. Employed with Mr. Mayeurs voyages, with my young scholars, and with the game at chess.
Saturday 19. At the application of our neighbour Chevreau, wrote a letter of introduction to the captains of our navy for Mr. Gourelle de St. Pearne the cousin of his wife. Wrote to Sir E.P. and Mr. Boand, and inclosed the letters to captain Richardson, the cartel being, I am told, to sail in a day or two. The Gobe-mouche which was said to be fitting out, and I had hoped for me, is no more talked of, and I have no hopes of liberty from the cartel since she goes to India, where the general will not let me go. Agreable to a convention with my friend Pitot, I went after dinner to meet him at and to visit Mr. R. Desvaux and Mr. Froberville. Got completely wet on the road. Recd. by my friend a letter from Mr. Richardson which informs me that all the British prisoners of war are to be sent away on Monday It seems the government have granted for the officers two thousand dollars to furnish their table for the passage, about 3 franks for each for four months - My friend Baudin is in a fair way of recovery from his wound
Sunday 20. Mr. Pitot and myself went and passed the day with Mr. Froberville and returned to Mr. Desvaux's at night
Monday 21. Returned to the Refuge after breakfast; called upon Mr. Airolles on way. - My visit proved an agreeable one, from the hospitality and kindness of those I visited. After similar excursions I always find myself more gay, consequently less chagrined at the prolongation of my detention here. The weather fine and wind fresh from the south-eastward. Our family visited Mad. Chazal where we met Mad. Meurville and daughter; ret in returning, the young ladies marched abreast to different marches which they sang and were very gay and very amiable
Tuesday 22. Wednesday 23. Thursday 24. Employed with Mr. Mayeurs travels in Madagascar, and with my two young scholars, as before. The weather rainy at times these last few days, the summer rains having commenced
Friday 25. Saturday 26. Fine weather. Recd. a friendly and affectionate letter from Ch. D.B. brought from B. by his brother. He most strenuously recommends me to take back no violent steps, but in appearance to be satisfied with my situation and wait quietly for the peace, above all to see my countrymen clear of the island first, who I hope are now all gone
Sunday 27. Monday 28. Tuesday 29. Employed as before with Mr. M. travels in Madagascar, and in forming a chart. Yesterday and today, a ship of war was signaled which we have some hopes may be from France to announce a peace These hopes, however, are but feeble with me: I have been so often flattered with similar hopes and so often deceived, that I am almost become callous to prospects of being set at liberty. It seems the Piemontaise is to sail very soon, but nothing is known of the Semillante. - If the government were polite, they would have given sent me a permission to go to town after the departure of the prisoners, if that was the reason that occasioned the last refusal
Wednesday 30. Paid a short visit to Mr. Chazal, and on returning found Mad. Morin arrived to pass a few days with our ladies: conducted by Mr. Suasse.
Rainy weather this afternoon.

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1807 December Thursday 31. Rainy weather in the night and morning, of which the plantations have great need. Mr. Sausse tells me it begins to be is thought that the Semillante, when ready, will be sent to France. The Piemontaise was to sail immediately upon a cruize, and a letter from Mr. Pitot tells me she sailed last night. Rainy at times the whole day, particularly in the evening.
1808 January Friday 1. Rainy during the whole night, which however did not prevent the blacks from keeping their new year's eve. Distributed five or six dollars amongst the servants and people about the house in return for their new year's nose gays.
Saturday 2. Mr. Henry Desbassayns arrived and offere spent the day with us. He offered me a good occasion of writing to England by America. Mr. Morin came to join his wife and pass a few days with us. Fine weather today after three days rain.
Sunday 3 Monday 4. Heavy showers occasionally. Several visiters at the house today, amongst others Mr. Martin-monchamp, who gave me an invitation to dine with him tomorrow at his habitation of Minissy, near the Reduit
Tuesday 5. Went according to Mr. Ms invitation, his habitation being near the Reduit and the extremity of my circle of two leagues. Amongst a considerable party was the family of Mad. Forrestier, whose invitation to dine on the following day induced me to prolong my visit. Had much conversation with the Abbé C. relative to my situation, during an agreeable walk in the shady allies of the garden
Wednesday 6. Our party went before breakfast to visit Minissy, a neighbouring habitation belonging to M. Monneron, and of which the garden is perhaps the best planned and the most agreeable in the island. the number of fish ponds, the extensive shaded allies, where the midday sun cannot penetrate, the labyrinth, the prospects, form a delightful retreat for the philosophic mind of a rich man, which however is not the character of its possessor. This day is the Fête des Rois, and at our well attended dinner at Mad. Forrestier's, the election bean was made to fall to the sole lady guest, and was accompanied with the usual ceremonies.
My host Mr. M. offered me letters of recommendation for Paris, in case I should be sent to France. In the evening I returned to the Refuge with my spirits exhilerated, and in peace with all men
Thursday 7. Fine weather these last three days, after the heavy rain which preceded them. Occupied with in forming a sketch of Madagascar, for which Mr. Cap-martin had furnished me with some materials. A note from Mr. Bouchet tells me that a vessel arrived from New York brings intelligence that the peace was made upon the continent: she left that port the 8 Sept. Passed the afternoon and evening with our good neighbours Chazal, and walked home by moonlight.
Friday 8. Fine weather continues. Spent the evening with our neighbours Chazal.
Saturday 9. Cloudy with thunder and lightning: but little rain. My friend Pitot with Mr. John Exshaw came in the evening to visit, and remained till the following evening. Sunday 10. I yet hear nothing that bespeaks an intention in the general of setting one at liberty, nor of the destination of Semillante. It seems that a general peace is expected by most of the people in the island, and that a corvette will arrive in a few weeks to announce it, but I acknowledge that my hopes are not so sanguine

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1808 January.
Monday 11. Variable weather. My present occupations are to construct a chart of the north part of Madagascar to contain the or rather explain the travels of Mr. Mayeur, and to instruct my two young scholars in navigation. My leisure time employed in reading the Tableau de Paris of Mercier, and in visiting our neighbours, which last serves to keep my mind from dwelling too intensely upon the long protraction of my detention.
Visited the family Perichon at Palma, where I dined and was received with much kindness. Supped with Mr. Chazal in returning.
Tuesday 12. Variable weather with fresh breezes from the eastward. Recd. from Mr. Morin 5 volumes of memoires of Frederic, his family and court, by Thiébault, which succeed the Tableau de Paris in my course of reading
Wednesday 13. Fine weather. Thursday 14. Dined with our neighbour Chevreau and his brother in law Chazal: the latter spent the evening with us and gave me a lesson at chess.
Friday 15. Employed as yesterday upon a chart of the N. part of Madagascar which I hope to render an interesting work by means of the new information I already possess and hope to receive from my friend Pitot, who has put all his nautical friends under contribution for me. Fine weather.
Saturday 176. Rainy this morning. We expect daily the arrival of Mr. Charles Desbassayns from Bourbon to celebrate his marriage with the pretty Miss Lise, our youngest lady. Sent to Mr. Chazal, and received 5 volumes of Vaillants travels in Africa belonging to my friend Pitot, and at the same time an invitation to dinner which I accepted. He and Madame accompanied me a part of the way back, and suddenly taking took the resolution to come and sup with our family, to whom their impromptu visit was very agreeable.
Sunday 187. Sent away very early three of my trunks to the town, to be in readiness for whatever may happen, fearing lest the approaching bad weather might come at the moment I might wish to go to town with my baggage, and render the roads impassable. Sunday the slaves are at liberty to work for themselves, or to play, and I hired 5 from the habitation to transport my trunks, to whom I gave half a dollar each, with an addition in promise if they return early, for at this season the maize nearly ripe, requires to be guarded in the night, and I have too much obligation and friendship for my hostess not to avoid putting her to any inconveniences. This afternoon we passed agreeably with our neighbours Chazal à manger un carrie dans les bois.
Monday 18. Being stopped in my progress with the chart of Madagascar by the want of some information promised, began reading Thiébaults souvenirs of Frederic and Prussia. Late this evening arrived Mr. Charles Desbassayns from Bourbon, with whom I had much conversation in a walk after supper, relative to the family with which he is about to be allied, and my singular position here

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1808 Jan. Tuesday 19. Rainy in the morning. Wednesday 20. By the arrival of an American ship, we learn that the affairs of France are still prosperous upon the continent. Many voices in the house of commons had advised peace, but it is said that a tumultuous populace had declared that they would bury themselves under the ruins of England rather than make a dishonourable peace. This evening arrived the eldest Mr. Desbassayns with his wife to be present at the approaching ceremony, as also Mr. Gérerin the notary.
Thursday 21. Arrived the abbé Flagcollet from Moka, Mr. Labauve and his brother, so that there are two brothers on each side, and form altogether a numerous party, amongst which I am the only one not belonging to either family, the priest and other officers excepted. Previous to the marriage ceremony, seven black children where christened. I struck me varibly to see the abbé pronouncing benedictions to these poor devils in Latin, of which neither they nor the god-fathers or mothers understood one word. The greater part of the marriage ceremony was also performed in latin, the two contracting parties kneeling the whole time. I did not remark so much difference in this from our church in this as in the baptisms, where it seems the first protestants have curtailed with a more lavish hand. After the religious came the civil ceremony of marriage, by Mr. Caseau, the commissaire civil of Wilhelms Plains, and which is the only one which the law considers, the abbés office being only for conscience sake. The day passed agreeably, unaccompanied with any of those gross pleasanteries, which often take place on similar occasions I signed the priest's as well as the commissary's procès verbal, and also the contract of marriage which was read to all the company soon after the conclusion of the two other ceremonies. The fortune of the young lady was very inconsiderable, but my friend Charles caused the contract to made advantageously for his future spouse. At ten o'clock every body retired
Friday 22. Mr. Henry Desbassayns left us early, pressing me to have my letters for England ready against the 25. Rainy weather.
Saturday 23. Mr. Panon Desbassayns (the eldest of the brothers) and his lady left us this morning. With this respectable gentleman, I formed a greater intimacy than usually takes place in two days, we had been reciprocally prejudiced in each others favour by his brother Charles. Employed in writing letters for England and one of recommendation for Panon and Charles Henry who are to sail on the 26. Rainy weather. Accompanied André D'Arifat to dine with Mr. Chazal where I spent the evening, and slept on account of the weather.
Sunday 24. Returned home early. Of all our late visitors Charles Desbassayns only remains. Finished my letters for England, see public and private letter book of this date. We had the society of our neighbours Chazal and Chevreau to spend the day, in when Chess and conversation, and Silhouettes occupied the time. The weather having declared itself rainy with a strong wind from the East the first family stopped all night.
Monday 25. My friend Charles and his young wife left us to be present at

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the departure of his brothers for America. Committed to their charge a packet of letters for England. Rainy weather at times
Jan. Tuesday 26. Same weather. Wednesday 27. Fine this morning
Thursday 28. Occupied with my chart of Madagascar. Received a packet of
Pa American newspapers lent for me by Mr. Cabot.
Friday 29. Fine weather. Closely occupied with my chart and gazettes. We visited Mad. Chazal in the evening. Read till one A.M. Find that the Americans committed the first injustice in the affair between their Cheseapeake and our Leopard; not withstanding, the popular fury against the British had been very high. Recd. more gazettes today; as far
Saturday 30. Fair weather down as Sept.7. My friend tells me that the Semillante is to sail on a cruize to the Indian Seas the fifth or sixth of next month
Saturday 30. Sunday 31. Fine weather. Early in the morning sent another large trunk to town, in case I should have to depart suddenly. Mr. and Mrs. Chazal spent the day with us. Finished my American gazettes, up to Sept.7. which speak of the continental peace, the evacuation of Egypt, the reinforcement of Montevideo, the sailing of adm. Gambier with 25 sail of the line &c. for the Baltic, of Lord Collingwood for Constantinople with Lord Paget as ambassador and other interesting news
February Monday 1. Employed upon my chart of Madagascar. Fine weather. I learn that Semillante was ready to sail; so that the little hope I had conceived by her being set at liberty, is vanished like all the others I have entertained. Tuesday 2. Fine weather in general. The Messrs. Desbassayns sailed today to whom I have given a letter of recommendation to the captains of His M.'s ships in case they might have occasion for their protection: by them I sent letters to England. The Semillante, I understand, is not yet sailed, but waits only for men.
Wednesday 3. Showers of rain at times. Occupied wholly with my chart as also during the last two following days.
Saturday 6. Showers of rain during the night, but fine in general during the day. The arrival of my friend Pitot's servant, informed that his master was at Mr. Chazal's with a Mr. Parkins, an Englishman, where they expected me to dinner. I went immediately and passed the day and evening there. After supper they came with me here.
Sunday 7. Fine weather. Walked out to shew Mr. Parkins the view of the cascades and of the quarter of Tamarinds, after which we paid a visit to Madame Couve. They left us in the evening to return to town. Mr. Parkins had been permitted to go to Bourbon to procure money due to him by a Mr. Jonson a Dane, in which he did not succeed. The general had even recommended to general De Brulic the governor, and on his return here he has been permitted to go to any part of the island, not being considered as a prisoner. This conduct is as extraordinary as the severity with which other Englishman are often treated; and

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Feb. Sunday 7.
prove general De Caen to be exceedingly capricious. Mr. P. had conversed much with the secretary Berrony upon my situation. Nothing improper in my conduct was alleged as the cause of my detention, haughtiness on my arrival being the sole charge. Mr.P. was told that my letters (seized in October) had been sent to France. This gentleman seemed to take great interest in my situation, and to consider my treatment as a thing almost incredible. He said that he should consider it the most fortunate circumstance of his life, could he be so happy as to render me some service; and he intreated me to make use of his endeavours. He appears to be a good man at the bottom, but not to have received much education, or to have frequented such exalted society as he wished me to believe
Monday 8. Walked out this morning with Charles D. to shew him the Mare aux Vacouas, after which we played a game at chess that lasted three hours.
Tuesday 9. Mr. Labauve arrived from Tamarinds this morning, and in the afternoon, the two brothers in law left us to return the one to his habitation, the other to the town leaving his young wife with her mother. Some rain
Wednesday 10. Wrote to Mr. Cabot including a letter of recommendation for him to the captains of His M. ships in case he should have occasion for it during his intended voyage to India (See pub. let. book of this date. A letter from my friend Pitot informs me of the evacuation of the Rio de la Plate by the English, of admiral Gambier's proceedings in the Baltic, of 8,000 troops being at the Cape, (and 6,000 at Pulo Penang) . Mr. C. Desb. arrived this evening and tells me that the commdr. of the American who brings this news from the Cape, had been sent back to his ship under a guard
Thursday 11. Fine weather in general with showers at times. Visited the habitation of Mr. Chazal with Ch. Desb. and in the evening we accompanied the ladies upon a visit to the house
Friday 12. Fine weather. Saturday 13. Employed upon my chart of Madagascar which is now nearly finished. Learned that Mr. Parkins was forming some projects favourable to me.
Sunday 14. Addressed a letter to the captains of any of H.M. ships in favour of my friends Charles, in case he should be taken at any time on his passage between Bourbon and this island (See pub.let. book of this date)
Monday 15. Tuesday 16. Sent back the books and charts lent me for the construction of my chart of Madagascar. Ch. Desb. brought a specimen of the lime stone mine on M. Remi's habitation. It appears to have been formed by the deposition of calcarious matter from either the sea or a spring after in the hollows left by the volcanic lava; some peices of the common stone are mixed with it, being probably rolled down by the torrent or sea. there are no

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1808 Feb. Tuesday 16 continued
There are no certain marks of shells or other marine substances in the lime stone. It colour is a brownish grey, close grained, and except small and sometimes rounded particles of the common stone here and there, is homogeneous: The lime stone was found at the surface, but the mine has not been sufficiently dug to know how far down it may extend. My friend Charles and Mr. Joss who came this morning being of opposite opinions as to the original formation of this island, I had the pleasure to hear it discussed, and was confirmed in my opinion as to the former existence of volcanos in the island, and that the stone is, with very rare exceptions, a lava which has been more or less fused.
Learned to day that a project in my favour former by my countryman P. could not take place from his being unable to obtain cash for his bills or get them taken in exchange for a vessel with Pegu papers he wished to purchase
Wednesday 17. This morning early I accompanied my friend Charles a little
on his way, with his wife to town. prep They departed heavily, before our family were up, in order to spare the mother and visitors the pain of a formal farewell, on their embarking for Bourbon
The morning occupied with Mr. Joss in reading the manuscript of an unfinished work upon the fluid comogonic, composed of caloric and light, which he supposed to be the animus mundi, the efficient cause of magnetism, electricity, gravity, galvanism, the different sensations of animal bodies, vegetation &c. it is the plenum which fills the universe, the cause of the motions of the heavenly bodies &c. &c. which has no occasion for projectile forces. It is the diurnal rotation of the earth on its axis, which by its friction against the cosmogonic fluid, causes the magnetism in the earth to concentrate itself into poles, as the electricity is concentrated in a glass globe. In fine, this fluid is given and received mutually amongst all the celestial bodies, and many of these rays meeting and being stopped at the center of each body causes what is generally called the center of attraction. He scarcely however admits attraction, but rather thinks bodies search that center being impelled and carried along by the rays of the cosmogonic fluid. I do not pretend to appreciate his theory, it is very daring, for he even shews that a body situated as the sun in center of many others, must necessarily give out light and heat, that is, be a sun, the cosmognic rays being from all the other bodies concentrating there, causing a de composition of heat and light by which, before latent, they are rendered active and sensible; but I see objections that may be made to some of his general principles

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1808 Feb. Wednesday 17
and still more in his ramifications, particularly with regard to the motions of the heavenly bodies, and that part of magnitism which relates to the variation of the compas. His work is yet far from being finished and the part written will I hope be further digested before publication
Weather rainy at times, and evening threatening in the evening
Thursday 18. Unsettled weather, with rain at times: cold almost as in winter
Friday 19. Strong breezes from S.E. with finer weather. Employed these last few days upon a memoir to accompany my chart of the north part of Madagar. In my reading, having finished 5 volumes of Le Vaillant's travels in the southern part of Africa, betweengan Le Traité élémentaire de Phisique by M. Haüy, a work presented me by my friend Charles Desb. before his departed. He gave me also a letter of recommendation for the Chemist Vauquelin, in case I might be sent to France. Mr. and Mrs. Chazal passed the evening with us
Saturday 20. Rainy weather greatest part of the day. Our rivers swelled for the first time this summer, which hitherto has been as dry, as the last was not.
Recd. from my obliging and solid friend Charles, two other letters of recommendation for Paris, and advice how to act in case I might go to France
Sunday 21. Weather still rainy at times. Mr. and Mrs. Chevreau dined with us.
Monday 22 Same we Learned that my friend Charles Desb. and his lady sailed yesterday afternoon for Bourbon
Monday 22. Same weather. Began Algebra with my young scholars. Having no particular occupation, occupied myself with M. Haüy
Tuesday 23. Fine weather this morning. It is now many days since any vessel arrived. There are now no foreigners except the Americans that came here, and what from the failure of the coffee in consequence of the last two years hurricanes, the heavy duties ship and other duties of the port, the despotic proceedings of this government towards them, and perhaps the uncertainty of their position lately with respect to England, there are very few arrived these last twelve months, not more than perhaps one-fifth of former years. In consequence, all articles of importation have long been exceedingly dear. The cask of Bourdeaux wine which in 1804 and 5 cost 30 to 40 dollars, has long been from 80 to 1020: the lb of butter from 4 to 10 francs (of this island: Spermaceti candles 6 to 12 and 15 francs, and most other articles of the same kind are augmented in the same proportion
Wednesday 24. Fine weather in the morning, rainy in the evening. Recd. from the obliging Mr. Froberville two journeys in Madagascar by Mr. Dumaine, and several papers explanative of Mr. Mayers travels in Madagascar.
Thursday 25. Uncertain weather. Making extracts from Mr. Dumaines travels in Madagascar.
Friday 26. Questioned a slave Amboilambes here, relative to various points

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February Friday 26.
in the journals of M. M. Mayeur and Dumaine. She appears to have quitted the country about 1768 or 70, some years before Mr. Mayeur arrived, and gave the name of the principal king being different from him, but the other king she named the same . She confirmed the horrible fact of the Hovas or Amboilambes digging deep holes in their houses which they cover over, and then inviting travillers to accept hospitality they contrive to make him fall in; he is then seized, and bound, and sold for into slavery. This negresse was is black (or dark Sambou) with woolly hair, but at first almost denied she was a of the cast Magnissoutre, but afterwards acknowledged it. - Rainy weather at times
Saturday 27. Dull weather with occasional rain
Sunday 28. Same weather: wind from about E.S.E. Still employed making extracts from M. Dumaine's journals. Sent to Mr. Joss the 1 vol. of Haüy with a note - Monday 2 Visited Mr. Chazal in the afternoon, having finished my extracts
Monday 29. Slight showers at times, but it is remarkable that they are not felt at half a league towards the westward. Dined with Mr. Chazal by invitation, but return early on account of the illness of Madame D'Arifat, my excellent hostess
Tuesday 30 March 1 Shower of rain, with the wind constantly from about E.S.E. Employed with my young scholars at Algebra, and in laying down the routes of M. Dumaine in the interior of Madagascar. Mr. Cap-martin paid us a visit today, and in the evening arrived M.M. Labauve and Souville
Wednesday 2. Fine weather. Thursday 3. Employed as before. Recd. today news brought by an American which had touched at the Cape; from which the taking of Copenhagen by the English, and the Republick of the 7 isles and Sicily by the French were amongst the particulars. There is a small English squadron of 3 ships of the line and a sloop of war cruizing 40 leagues to windward of this island, and Mr. P. fears that a vessel he expects from Batavia will be taken, on board of which are two of my letters of recommendation: the vessel of M. Deglos runs a similar risk, being under Danish colours: these cruizers may also do me much injury in case orders should be sent out again for my liberation; however, amidst the preparations for the invasion of England and those for defence, I cannot expect the F. Government will think at all of me
Friday 4. Squally weather: wind at N.E. Learned that 5000 troups were at the Cape, which had been destined for the attack of this island and Bourbon, but that they waited for further orders.
Saturday 5. Strong breezes from N.E. with finer weather. Employed with my algebraic scholars, and with in laying down M. Dumaines' journals routes in Madagascar, in which the inaccuracy of the geographic information gives me much difficulty. My light reading consists of the adventures of Gil Blas and Gusman l'Alfarache in French
Sunday 6. Squally weather. My friend Pitot came to visit me, and we dined by invitation with our neighbour Madame Couve
Monday 7. Do. weather. My friend quitted me this morning; and meeting his servant

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March Monday 7. his servant on the road sent him on to me with information that the Italalienne La Manche frigate was arrived from France, Two last night. Two other American vessels had arrived with flour and wine, which were very acceptable to the colony. The arrival of the French frigate gives me hopes of the order to set me at liberty, being renewed, or at least of a triplicate of the same order, the Italienne being to have sailed before the Revenant which arrived 8 months since
Tuesday 8. Squally weather, and the weather much colder than common at this season Another ship was signaled and anchored early this morning, but we do not yet know what she is. Another also in the afternoon, equally unknown. We do not yet learn the intelligence brought by the frigate; but the last American brings various news, which have the appearance of having been melted down and remanufactured here
Wednesday 9. Still squally weather, wind from East. We have here too much rain whilst in the low quarter of Tamarinds at 2 leagues distant, the vegetation suffers for want of it. Recd. today a copy of the treaty of peace between France, Russia and Prussia, also a proclamation issued by the general, and in letters from Mr. Pitot the news brought by several American vessels lately arrived, amongst which is that of the treaty of commerce between England and America. It seems that the English commerce is shut out from the whole continent with the exception of perhaps Sweden, and Portugal being invaded by the French. Passed the afternoon and evening with Mr. and Mrs. Chazal
Thursday 10 Fine weather. Employed in a demonstration of the quantity that ought to arise in the variation of the compass on changing the direction of the ship's head, supposing that change to arise from a point of attraction in the middle of the ship, and the force of that attraction in comparison with that of the magnetic pole of the earth to be known. Afterwards went to dine with M. Cap-martin at Palma, where the family Perichon received me with politeness as before.
Friday 11. Fine in general, but squally with showers at times: wind Eastwardly. An enemy signaled this morning from the hills, which by the signal appears to be before the port: I hope it to be a frigate bringing despatches from Sir Edward Pellew, which may conduce to my liberty. The ship remained before the port till sunset. Employed demonstrating my change in variation. Rainy in the afternoon
Saturday 12. Finer weather this morning: wind Enemy signaled, but without destination of place. At noon we learned that there was a line of battle ship and a sloop cruizing before the island; my hope therefore of its being a cartel with despatches is deceived. Formed the determination of profiting by the presence of the English ships seeing that I have no information from the government in consequence of the arrival of La Manche from Cherbourg
Sunday 13. Unsettled weather. Spent the day with Mr. Chazal and a company of his friends
Monday 14. Employed writing letters to the general &c. preparatory. Learned that the cruizers kept themselves generally to leeward of the island and think it not impossible their movements may have some relation to me

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1808 March Monday 14 continued
Weather unsettled. Having made my preparations, sent my trunk to Tamarinds intending to visit Mr Labauve, but took a turn by the town in order to arrange some affairs with my friend. Encountered a long and heavy shower of rain
Tuesday 15. Left the town before daylight and breakfasted at Tamarinds, being fatigued. Amused myself with Mr. Labauve at Tric-trac in the afternoon. At dusk I saw a vessel very near the coast, manoeuvering as if she wished to remain there all night. Could not distinguish her colours further than that the end of the ensign was red, but there was every reason to think her an English frigate. Rainy weather in the afternoon, but fine calm weather till midnight
Wednesday 16 My birthday. Much rain during the night. At 4 in the morning went to the bay of Tamarinds in order to go out to fish. Saw the supposed English ship at anchor about two miles off. The canoe not coming to me at daylight as I expected, went towards the place to see what was the matter. Saw three boats with six or eight men in each, steering towards the opening in the reef where I intended to embark, and judging them to be English, to whom I wished to speak, ran back till I was out of breath; but on coming near I saw the rowers to be black. They were three canoes which entered the pass to keep within side the reef, for fear apparently of the English cruizers. In the mean time, the strange ship got under weigh and towed into the Black River: she proved to be La Perle, a vessel belonging to the government which had come from Bourbon. At half past seven my canoe at length came, having been prevented by the guard at the point where the canoes are obliged to be placed every night, from coming out sooner. I fished with some success till past ten o'clock and then returned back to Mr. Labauve. Weather fine the whole day.
Thursday 17. Fine weather. Breakfasted with Mad. Labatte, called upon Mr Suasse , who accompanied me back to dinner, and in the evening paid a short visit to Mr. and Mrs. Heerbeck. Much bitten by the Punaises à Maupin, and found the Cologne water alleviated the pain and swelling arising from the bites
Friday 18. Returned to the Refuge, where I found every body in good health, and happy to have received letters from Bourbon, the first arrived, those on board La jeune Laure being, it is supposed, taken with her by the cruizers

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March Saturday 19
Yesterday and this morning the English cruizers signaled without designation of place, from which it appears they are at a considerable distance from the island: they are said to consist of the Grampus 50, a frigate, and big sloop of war. Squally weather: wind eastwardly. Before noon, the red flag was hauled down from upon the hills.
Sunday 20. Fine weather. About 10 o'clock, the English cruizers were again signaled to be cruizing off the south side of the island. Mr. John Exshaw did me the favour to visit me previous to his approaching departure for America and Ireland. Employed writing letters: see public and private letter book of this date
Monday 21. Fine weather. Mr. E. left me this morning. Employed with the memoir upon my chart of Madagascar.
Tuesday 22. Unsettled weather. The cruizers at a distance this morning and perhaps out of sight: but at ten o'clock, they were signaled to be cruizing off the port. Mr. Capmartin visited us this morning and after dinner I accompanied him as far as Mr. Chazals were I spent the evening.
Wednesday 23. Fine weather, with moderate breezes from the eastward. The cruizers were extended to day all round the southern part of the island. Mr. and Mme. Chazal spent the day with us
Thursday 24. Squally weather: wind at East. Employed with my young scholars in Algebra, and with the memoir upon my chart of Madagascar. Strong squalls during the night, as threatening a gale of wind
Friday 25. Strong breezes with frequent squalls. Wind about E.S.E. The red flag still up, but with shewing where the English are cruizing. Finished my memoir, and played at trictrac with Mr. Labauve who spent the day with us. Rainy squalls the whole day and night
Saturday 26. Wind less strong, but the squalls of rain continue. Single red flag still up.
Sunday 27. Fresh eastwardly breezes, with light squalls at times. The red flag hauled down, and a chequered pendant in its supplu place, which we supposed is intended for a general embargo. - Having made up my mind upon the plan I intend to follow as soon as occasion offers, I find myself much more tranquil and consequently less unhappy these two or three months past, than I have ever before been in the I. of France. Since my letter of Oct. 31 for a permission to visit the town, which was refused. I have written nothing to this government, nor have I heard the least word from it since Mr. Monistrol's answer. My present ordinary employments in the morning, are teaching algebra to my two young scholars, elucidating my observations upon the magnetism on shipboard or in geographical explanations; in the afternoon reading the Traité élémentaire de Physique de M. Haüy, Dinon's travels in Egypt, Lesseps' from Kamstchatea, and other French works of a similar kind. In the evening I pass with the family, playing at chess generally with one or other of the young ladies
Sunday 27. Finer weather. Two ships signaled: It is remarkable that almost every time cruizers quit the coast, other vessels, sometimes prizes, appear immediately and enter the port unmolested

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March Monday 28. Fine weather. Employed with my scholars and upon the
magnetism of ships. Other ships signaled. Visited Mr. and Mrs. Chazal with our ladies in the afternoon. - Tuesday 29. Fine weather, wind eastwardly. Learn that the prizes to the Piémontaise are arrived, and two Americans with provisions.
Wednesday 30. Thursday 31. Fine weather: wind S.Ely. Busily employed upon the magnetism of the earth. Spent the afternoon agreeably with a party at Mr. Chazal's.
Friday April 1. Fine weather. Saturday 2 - idem. Recd. by the hands of Mr. Cap-martin, a new method of finding the latitude by two altitudes sent me by Lt. Moreau of La Piémontaise in one of the last prizes. Spent the afternoon with Mr. Chazal, who returned with me and his wife to visit our ladies previously to going to the town. Strong south-easterly breezes with squally weather during the night
Sunday 3. Squally with rain. Still employed in ascertaining the situation of the magnetic poles of the earth. In the afternoon went to Tamarinds to meet a party at Mr. Labauve's. Took a lesson at chess from Mr. Curtat.
Monday 4. Spent my morning in examining my calculations relative to the magnetic poles. A large and agreeable party dined with us, amongst which were some distinguished members of the Society of Emulation. Invited to dine with a party at Mr. Geneive's at the Black River, but which I refused, not wishing to give the captain-general any ground of suspicion of my wishing to gain any knowledge of the principal ports. Warm weather
Tuesday 5. Returned to Vacoua. Despatched a messenger to town for the second volume of my log book, in which is the chapter upon the variation of the compass, for which I find occasion f in the prosecution of the magnetism of the earth and of ships.
Thursday 7. Fine weather. Recd. other gazettes. The principal subjects in them are the affairs of Copenhagen and the Cheseapeake American frigate
Friday 8, Weather less settled. Employed arranging my ideas upon the magnetism of the earth. Found myself indisposed in the evening, nevertheless I prepared to accompany our family upon a weeks visit to Moka. Passed a very bad night having a strong indigestion occasioned by bile on the stomach.
Saturday 9. We set off early for Moka and arrived at Mad. La Chaise's at 10 1/2h. Unable to eat anything during the whole day.
Sunday 10. Went to Mr. Desvaux's to meet my friend Pitot, who returned with me to dinner; but I found myself too unwell either to breakfast or dine. Mr. Froberville's family spent the day with us. Recd. other English gazettes up to near the end of October last from Mr. Pitot: he left me in the evening, somewhat better than before.
Monday 11. Find myself able to eat some breakfast this morning after two days cessation from eating. Added a P.S. to the letter of recommendation given to Mr. Exshaw on Nov. 3. 1807, upon his going to America instead of India. We visited Mr. Froberville's family in the afternoon.
Tuesday 12. Wrote a letter to Mr. Ch. Desbassayns speaking of the news and of my researches in the magnetism of the earth. Visited Mad. Huguelin

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1808 Wednesday April 143. Very fine weather in general since we have been at Mocha. Find my health pretty well restored, but I avoid any more serious occupation than reading, which at present consists of the gazettes left me by Mr. Pitot. A letter from my friend informs me of the arrival of a French frigate, supposed to be the Italienne from France: another similar arrival is also reported to have taken place this morning.
Thursday 14. Fine weather. At noon, I learned that the frigate arrived was the Caroline from Flessingue, sailed the 20 of November last, having taken on her passage an English privateer and a Portuguese merchant ship; but gives no news having sailed later than La Manche. The Semillante is also arrived having had a severe and close action with an English frigate in the night during two hours. Captain Motard is wounded, my friend ensign Baudin lost his right arm ['he also recd. a very bad stomach wound, letter of 23.4.08' has been added in pencil ], two midshipmen and ten seamen killed, and fifteen others since dead of their wounds: the Semillante is much shattered, but says the English ship first withdrew from the combat. Made an application immediately to go to town to see Ensign Baudin. An American brig arrived says that on Mr. Munroe's arrival from London, an embargo was laid upon all English ships in the American ports, and that a war between the two nations appeared inevitable
Friday 15. It seems that the Semillante went to take possession of the English frigate supposing her to be a merchant ship, when she received three broadsides, and being unprepared was obliged to fly: she was chased five days. The Caroline came round the north of Scotland, has lost 15 men by scurvy during her long passage, and landed 120 sick. The American news seems to have been exagerated for the purpose of selling his cargo, and some think that the expected declaration of war may be against France. Dined with Mr. Renaud Desvaux today. Weather still exceedingly warm
Saturday 16. Small rain this morning, but without wind. My friend writes me that he has seen Mr. Baudin who supports his misfortune with a courage and resignation truly rare. We dined with Mr. Froberville and his family today.
Sunday 17. Easter day. Fine weather. Accompanied our ladies to hear mass. The commandant of the quarter ordered me to be conducted to the arm chair near the abbé Flageolet, generally occupied by (?) general Vandermassen who is an inhabitant of this quarter. From what I could judge, the Catholic religion sees to be more calculated to affect the imagination of the people than the Protestant; the latter addresses itself to the reason. A large party dined at Mad. Lachaise's today, in honour of Mad. D'Arifat and of the day, which passed agreeably
Monday 18. We set off early to return to the Refuge. Mr. Desvaux having accommodated me with a mule, my mare being mounted by one of the young ladies. We had fine weather, and arrived in good time. The climate of Vacoua is certainly colder than that of Moka.

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1808 April Tuesday 19. Fresh south-easterly breezes with fine weather. Find my health now perfectly re-established. Making extracts from manuscript observations upon Madagascar. Paid a visit to Mad. Couve in the afternoon.
Wednesday 20 Fresh breezes with cold squally weather Learnt the arrival the arrival of two prizes to the frigates, and of ambassadors from the Iman of Muscat and the Sheriff of Mecca, who have brought the French privateer Vigilant with them, which the former had forced out of port to be taken by an English frigate
Wednesday 20. Received at length a permission to go to town for two days. It appears that the embargo was laid in America, on account of despatches from general Armstrong, the ambassador at Paris, to whom Bonaparte had intimated his displeasure. My friend Baudin is reported to have been much better yesterday. Procured 53 oranges for him, they being ordered for his common nourishment.
Thursday 21. Set off at daylight for the town and arrived at Mr Pitot's to breakfast. Visited my poor wounded friend whom I found in good spirits and doing well. Made several purchases in returning, and visited Mr. Schellebeck an American merchant. Called upon Mr. Joss and upon Mr. Monistrol, neither of whom I found. In the office of the latter I announced my arrival in town. Found to letters in the post office from Bourbon, which I sent in the evening to be forwarded to Mad. D'Arifat to whom I wrote. At one M. Francos, an officer of the etat-major came to inform me that the general, in permitting me to remain two days in town, had ordered that I should be attended everywhere by a soldier. He said I was at liberty to go where I pleased, and on quitting the town, had only to inform the soldier who would then leave me. Dined with Mr. Pitot and spent the evening with Mr. and Mrs. Chazal, the soldier attending me, but without speaking, and keeping always at a distance. Saw Mr. Joss this evening who had taken no steps to obtain a dipping needle nor did he know whether one was to be found in town.
Found the weather disagreeably warm for a Vacoua constitution
Friday 21[should be 22]. Calm weather and very warm. Breakfasted with Mr. Pitot; went afterwards to see my friend Baudin, whom I found improved in strength and appetite . Finished my purchases. Called again on M. Monistrol, whom I did not find at his bureau. Visited Mad. Curtat who informed me that M. Martin-monchamp had spoken to the general in terms highly to my advantage. The general said he knew very well that I was exceedingly circumspect with regard to my parole;- I ought not to complain of him since the English government had made no claim for my liberty: the interruption of a visitor prevented him from communicating

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1808 April Friday 212
more of what he had said to the general, or what the latter had answered. - I saw the Calcutta gazette of Jan.1808 a long article concerning me, in which much compassion and respect are testified for me (the author a Frenchman) but little for M. Baudin the deceased commandant, and for M. Decres. In another gazette is a letter accusing the preceding of writer of making misrepresentation, he then gives his statement of my conduct and situation with still greater error than the former. The latter signs his letter, M. but knows no further than of my history than up to the Maison Despeaux. Dined with Mr. Brunet, afterwards wrote to Mad. D'Arifat inclosing two other letters from Bourbon. Visited captain Motard of the Semillante, who was still confined by his wounds. It was merely a visit of ceremony. Visited Mad. Airolles and Mad. Loustou Passed the evening at Mr Pitots in musick and visits. Weather has been less hot today.
Saturday 223. Rose early, sent to Mr. Chazal for Stamats on Chess. Made up my trunk. Breakfasted with my friend Pitot, went to visit Mr. Baudin at the hospital, whom I found in a fair way. Took an affectionate leave of him; and departed from the town; I desired the serjeant who had closely followed me these two days to present my compliments to colonel Monistrol, and to say that he had seen me leave the town: I gave him a dollar as a small mark of my satisfaction at his conduct, and he wished me a good journey. I knew not whether M. Monistrol had not desired this officer to say he was out in order not to see me; for I believe him so well-disposed towards me as to feel pain at having to inform me of any new addition to the severity with which I have been treated. - Stopped to dine out at Mad. Lachenardières where I received some friendly reproaches for having absented myself for so long. At dark arrived at the Refuge; somewhat fatigued and not in the best health.
Sunday 234. Mod. breezes and fine weather: the air cold in comparison of the town Wrote a letter to my friend Charles Desbassayns (see priv. let. book) Reading the voyage of Le Marchand by M. Fleurieu.
Monday 245. Fine weather. Thursday 256. Employed with Le Marchand and my imagination. Wednesday 267 Beautiful weather. Not finding my health as usual, drank a good quantity of lemonade these three days past and abridged my ordinary ration of meat. Employed as before. Learn that a prize is arrived made by the Grab Nancy valued at about 30,000> Thursday 28 Cloudy and light wind Mr. Labauve visited us last night and left this morning
Friday 29. Saturday 30 Very fine weather. Signal for an embargo this morning which I learned afterwards was to prevent the Revenant - Surcouf from receiving men at sea which might have deserted from the frigates; she having gone out upon a cruize yesterday or this morning. Visited M. and M. Chazal who are returned from the town

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1808 May Tuesday 1. Went after breakfast to Tamarinds. Stopped on the way at Palma where I breakfasted a second time, and conversed with Mr. Cap-martin upon the variation of the compass: he furnished me with some observations from Le Recherche and La Régénerée. Accompanied Mr. Labauve to dine with Mr. Suasse, where we found Mr. Morin and spent the evening.
The price of maise, which six months ago was 4 dollars and 6 dollars the hundred pounds, in consequence of the season, has now fallen to1 dollar, a price below the usual medium, every body having covered their plantations with it: The harvest is past here (in January) having been planted in July, but in the lower parts of the island, where the plantation cannot take place until the first summer rains set in (in Nov. Dec. or Jan), it is only commencing. At Bourbon the coffee harvest is in its height, but here at Vacoua the berries are not yet red. It is astonishing to see how much the coffee trees, and in general every species of fruit trees, have gained within these 4 or 6 months, so much so, that the inhabitants whom the repeated gales of wind had discouraged begin now again to raise their hopes that the coffee may succeed in these high parts of the island. The cotton-gathering has also commenced at the Plaines of St Pierre, and promises abundantly.
Monday 2. Returned home to breakfast. The embargo signal withdrawn yesterday. Tues 3. Wednesday 4 Employed as before elucidating the variation of the compass and reading the voyage of Le Marchand. Dined with Accompanied our family to dine with Mr. Chevreau in the wood, where we had the company of M.M. Lachenardière and St. Susanne with their wifves. The day passed agreeably
Wednesday 4 Thursday 5. Weather still very fine. Dined again with the same party as yesterday and spent the evening. Learn from my friend P. that M. Baudin gets better every day.
Friday 6. Do. weather . This afternoon we had the visits of the families Chazal, Chevreau, St. Susanne and Lachenardière, as also of Mr. Labauve
Saturday 7. Beautiful weather. Returned the voyage of le Marchand to Mr. Cazeaux (civil commissary of this quarter) with a note of thanks - Spent the evening with Mr. Chevreau and his visiters, gaily. Recd. a receipt for 1000 dollars placed at interest for me at Bourbon by my friend Ch. Desbassayns.
Sunday 8. Accompanied our family, as also that of Mr. Chevreau and his visiters to spend the day with Mr. & Mrs. Chazel. In the evening, there was dancing, but as I neither waltze or dance the French contre-dance, had no person with whom I could hold a conversation the least interesting, my evening passed dull enough. We returned home at midnight by moonlight.
Monday 9 Cloudy weather. Mr. Cap-martin dined with us today. Still occupied in searching the position of the magnetic poles: Rain in the afternoon and cold weather
Tuesday 10. It appears that the family of my friend Pitot are in embarrassment on account of their prize (to the Nancy grab) being seized by the government, some six men, deserters from La Semillante, being abord, who, depose that they were induced to desert by the offers made them by Frederic Pitot and the commander of the Nancy: the laws are said to denounce 6 years in the galleys for this crime.

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1808 May Tuesday 10. continues.
My friend Pitot informs me that la Semillante is not to cruize any more, and that it is probable she will go to France shortly: perhaps it is by this occasion that the general intends to send me to Europe
Wednesday 11. In consequence of my amusement with the subject of magnetism, my time has passed for some time more lightly than it ever did before; the being out at liberty or being kept seldom occupies my mind, and I find myself more occupied at ease in our good family than I ever did before
Fine weather this morning, but the wind being from the southward these two days, the wint approach of winter begins to be felt. Squalls of small rain at times during the day. Accompanied our ladies upon a visit to Madame Couve, to pay our compliments on the announced marriage of her second daughter, Mademoiselle Delphine with Mr. Bouchet.
Thursday 12. Cold, with squalls of rain and fine weather at intervals. Passed the afternoon and evening at chess with Mr. Chazal, my master, of whom I gained four parties out of six.
Friday 13. Wind S.E.tly with fine weather in general, but, light squalls of rain at time, and in general very cold.
The uncertainty of the position of America & the cessation of the Indian commerce carried on under the Danish flag, have done much mischief to commerce here, and every article of European or Indian manufacture, particularly the former, is at an excessive price: wine sells at 100 and 120 dollars the hogshead: but of all others quills are the most advanced; a quarter of a hundred costs 4 dol. A trunk of quills which had cost the proprietor 150, was sold here for 3500 dollars: by retail a pen costs 40 sols, equal to the 1/5th of a dollar or a shilling. I gave the other day 20 dollars for a hat that, when I left England, would have cost me 18 shillings; a pair of boots I got cheap, at 10 dollars instead of a guinea; those made here cost 16 and 18 dollars. Fortunately for the inhabitants the provisions of the island are abundant and cheap: maize sell from 1 dollar the hundred in the town to 6/10th in some distant parts of the island, and in consequence hogs and poultry have lately much fallen in price and will fall still more. The cotton and coffee harvest promise well, of the former and of sugar there are great quantities in the island, but very few foreign purchasers.
Saturday 14. Cold squally weather: wind S.E.tly Still employed with the magnetism of the earth: my reading, Barrow's travels at and account of the Cape of Good Hope, French translation by Grandpré.
Sunday 15. Strong S.E.tly breezes with cold fine weather in general, but with occasional squalls of rain. My friend Pitot visited me today, but returned in the evening
Monday 16. Fine wholesome weather, but squally in the afternoon
Tuesday 17. Same weather as yesterday. The Miss Couves surprised us early with their presence at breakfast, previous to their quitting the canton for the town Still employed in the research of the place of the magnetic poles, which presents many difficulties from the want of correct observations in certain places, and from the poles not being opposite to each other. Finished Barrow's travels in Africa

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1808 May Tuesday 17 Wednesday 18
Squally winter weather: wind S. Eward. our neighbours Chevreau & Boistel dined with us. Reading Coxe's Russian discoveries.
Thursday 19. Cold squally disagreeable weather: Not very well today. My magnetism goes slowly, from the difficulty of the subject and the want of good observations
Friday 20. Weather less cold this morning, or I feel it less. There have been no arrivals of any kind, except from Bourbon, there some weeks past. It is thought that America is at war either with France or England, and that La Piémontaise may possibly be taken. My magnetic researches occupied me till past one in the morning
Saturday 21. Tolerably fine weather. Wrote to Mr. Boand at Mr. Latour's Madras (See private letter book) - We play at chess every evening for some months past.
Sunday 22. Still occupied assiduously in finding out the law by which the dipping needles mouvements are directed. Mr. and Mrs. Chazal and Chevreau dined with us today. No signal whatever upon the hills for this long time past. Fine weather
Monday 23. Tuesday 24 Fine weather. Closely occupied with the magnetism of the earth, constructing spheres on different projections to show explain examine the laws by which the compass and dipping needle are regulated. I work from 9 to 10, and sometimes more than eleven hours in the day and night. In the evening only I quit it to play at chess and pass the evening with our family.
Tu Wednesday 25 Nothing signaled yet. Spent the evening with Mr. Chazal at chess and returned on foot after supper, the weather being very fine
Thursday 26. Fine. At length a French brig is signaled. Occupied as before
Friday 27. Fine May weather: rather cool. A ship signaled which was afterward shewn to be of the state, and my friend Pitot wrote me on Saturday 28 was a frigate but what and from where was not known
Received a long letter from M. Charles Desbassayns, from which I learn that Humbolt and Biott had made researches into the magnetism of the earth similar to those which occupy me at present. HeThey also found that the points of attraction were were near, and equally distant from the center of the earth. He had placed my 1000 dollars advantageously, and which on April 20. 1809 would amount to 1219 (one year) Had the visit of M. Guesenec, in favour of whose son, a prisoner at Calcutta, I had written to Sir Ed. Pellew at the request of M. Boand. He was accompanied by Mr. Labauve, and both quitted us in the afternoon. A letter from M. de Kerjean tells me that he hoped to procure the liberty of captain Humphreys as I had begged of him. Passed this evening with Mr. Chazal, when I was handsomely beaten at chess
Sunday 29. Fine weather still continues. Went to dine with the family of M. Perichon at Palma where I met M.M. Labauve and Curtat. Passed an agreeable afternoon with the beautiful ladies of the house and returned in the evening - The ship of the government arrived is said to be the Princess Charlotte which having been dismasted, had taken refuge at Madagascar, returned to Bourbon, and at length arrived here. This ship has constantly been unfortunate since taken

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Monday May 30.
Fine weather. Occupied still in searching the positions of the points of attraction of the magnetic needle, which appear to be about, 17 of the earths semidiameter on each side the center: this agrees with the great dips, but not with the smaller ones.
Tuesday 31. Fine cool and pleasant weather. Our family paid a visit to Mr. and Mrs. Chazal previously to our going to pass the winter at Tamarinds
Wednesday June 1. Mr. Cap-martin visited me, and after dinner I walked with him to visit the habitation of Mad. Meur Couve which is said to be sold for 9,000 dollars with 18 slaves: it consists of at least 300 acres, of which about 20 are planted with coffee which promise to give a good gathering even this year, and the house, pavilions and the necessary buildings in a good state: it appears to be very cheap. I walked over the habitation also here under his charge subordinate to that of Palma
Thursday 2. Fine weather. Breeze from E.S.E. A letter from Mr. Pitot informs me of the arrival of the long boat of an Arab ship which is lost at Roderiguez
Friday 3. Saturday 4. The family Chazal passed the day with us
Sunday 5. Early in the morning I accompanied our family to Tamarinds, to pass some time with Mr. Labauve, probably the whole winter season as last year. At noon I received a letter from my friend Pitot in which he speaks with more than proper warmth respecting the affair Mr. Humphreys in whose favour he had engaged me to write to Mr. Kerjean.
Monday 6. Fine weather. Wrote a letter to Mr. Pitot as in private letter book of this date
Tuesday 7. Wednesday 8. A letter from my friend represents the state of the town with respect to foreign objects of necessity as very deplorable: wine is at 200 piastres the hogshead, whereas since I have been in the island, better has been sold at 30. He expresses his sorrow for the vivacity of his letter of the 6. - No American ship yet arrives, and it seems certain that the nation must either be at war with England and France or upon the point of being so.
Thursday 9. Same fine weather still continues, and with the warmth of another climate than that of Vacoua. These two days I have worked at the magnetism of the earth and made my conclusions, which not being very satisfactory, are only for the present.
Friday 10. Saturday 11. Wrote a letter to my friend Charles Desbassayns speaking of my researches into the magnetism of the earth and of ships (see private letter book of this date) Several vessels have been signaled these last two days. This evening my friend Thomy Pitot and his brother Edward came to visit me.
Sunday 12. Three prizes signaled today, and a French ship supposed to be the Revenant privateer returning from a cruize. - Weather squally with rain at times. The Pitots quitted me this afternoon
Monday 13. Strong breezes from the eastward, but with finer weather Recommenced Algebra with my two young scholars, and spheric trigonometry for myself, having laid aside my magnetic researches till a future time. The prize, a Portuguese taken by the Revanant near the Cape, is valued at 800,000 dollars. The news given by the other prize, an English Portuguese brig with ivory and slaves, is not yet known
Tuesday 14. This morning our family went to pass the day with Mad. Suasse and at noon I followed them with Mr. Labauve. I learned that it is said in public, that

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1808 June Tuesday 14 continued
a Portuguese vessel detained here, called the Venus is arming to be sent to the Cape of Good Hope as a cartel, for Mons. Benard, the treasurer who was lately taken on returning to this island from Bourbon, his presence being necessary to sign some accounts which are indispensably necessary to be sent to France. This does not give me much hopes of liberty, but M. De Caen may perhaps accede to a case of necessity
Wednesday 15. Rainy during the night. Wrote to my friend Pitot to make enquiries as to the destination of the Venus. It appears that another unfortunate Portuguese entered the port on Sunday, having no knowledge of the war, and that he was immediately seized. This is the fourth or fifth so seized. The ship taken by the Revenant is an old 64, of 1400 tons carrying 300 men and 42 pieces of cannon as is said: her value is now said to have been 400,000 dollars at first cost, but she will scarcely sell for that here
Thursday 16. Friday 17. Cloudy weather with showers of rain. Employed with my young scholars in Algebra, and in spheric trigonometry for myself. My reading, Meures' voyage and Molières comedies in French. A report is arrived here from Bourbon, that the Americans declared war against England on the 1st January last; this was brought by a Portuguese, who spoke an American ship going to Batavia. Thus England sees herself at war with the greatest part of the civilized world. -
Saturday 18. Strong breezes at times from S.E. with fine weather
Sunday 19. Another Portuguese, with 320 slaves, is said to have come in, and to have been seized with the others: yet no war has been declared between France and Portugal, and the French complain of the English for having stopped ships before declaring the last and present war. Employed with my spheric trigonometry
Monday 20. Fresh breezes from the S.E. with variable weather. At 9 o'clock, the red flag was hoisted shewing an English ship or ships to be off the coin de Mine. at 1 it was taken down, and the embargo pendant hoisted; that was succeeded by the signal for a ship of the state, and I supposed it might be the cartel returning from Calcutta, which having an English flag at the fore, had deceived the signal officer; but at three, the signal was shewn for an English ship cruizing off the port; it therefore seemed probable, either that an English ship was with the French cartel, or that an English ship was off the island with a cartel flag; or perhaps both, the commander in chief having probably judged it necessary that the cartel should be accompanied by a frigate, as well to prevent the cartel from giving information of the merchant ships upon the coast, as to receive immediate answers to despatches he may have sent. The signal continued to announce the presence of an enemy until sunset.
Tuesday 21. Variable weather with showers of rain. An enemy's ship signaled to be before the port. At noon, I learned that there were three English ships cruizing off this island, and that another frigate, had appeared off the port under French colours and then made sail. Despatched my servant to town, for money I have remaining in the hands of Mr. Pitot. Prepared several letters. Paid a visit to Mad. Labutte in the afternoon.

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1808 June Wednesday 22. This morning the cruizers were signaled to be to
leeward as well as to windward of the island; and it appeared that a ship had been off the Morne Brabant, but made sail eastward along the south side of the island soon afterwards. - Employed preparing letters. Mr. and Mrs. Suasse passed the day with us; and Mr. Duguilio and his two sons, drank tea.
It appeared by the signals that the English cruizers had passed to leeward of Port N.W. in the evening, but I endeavoured in vain to get a sight of them although it was the third evening after their arrival.
Thursday 23. Fine weather. Disappointed in my hope of seeing my countrymen on this side of the island. Still occupied assuduously with my scholars in Algebra and myself with spheric trigonometry
Friday 24. The cruizers still off the port, where they will probably take nothing. Walked out in the afternoon to see the garden of Mr. Defait, which is small but the prettiest I have seen in the island.
Saturday 25. The cruizers still in the same place; and I learn today that they consist of three vessels, two of which keep near the land, and a third in the offing. A chaloupe (with Portuguese prisoners it is supposed) got out of the port and went straight to the English ships, which is said to have extremely irritated the captain-general. No other communication has yet taken place between them and the island, so that it is not known what ships they are; but some persons lately from India pretend to know the Modeste frigate, and the Dasher and Rattlesnake sloops of war
Sunday 26. Fine weather. The English still between the Coine de mire and the port as before; the French vessels consequently have no difficulty in getting in to the Black River and Grand Port. This after the telegraph made signals during the greater part of the afternoon, and in returning from a visit to Mr. Duguilio, a guide informed that an express boat from Bourbon had entered the Black river
Monday 27. Strong squalls of wind at times, but weather fine in general. Either a frigate or sloop of war passed close along the coast from the Morne Brabant to Port N.W. laying to a short time off the Black River. After dinner I went down to the sea side in order to see her nearer but she had passed. It was said that she had been in chase of La Caroline, which sailed yesterday evening with the Revenant upon a cruize; but I judged from her appearance that it was a sloop of war (The chase not confirmed)
Tuesday 28. Squally weather, with small rain at times. I am informed that 5 slaves in a canoe had been on board the English ship, whilst she lay to off the Black River; but whether voluntarily, or from fear of a shot fired from the ship, did not appear certain. They were sent back to the shore, and thence to town this morning.
Wednesday 29. My time occupied with my scholars in Algebra, and afterwards in spheric trigonometry as before. Strong Etly winds with fine wr. The ships now keep to windward Since the Caroline and Revenant went out of the port. Thursday 30. Squally weather. Friday July 1. Finer weather. Accompanied our ladies on a visit to Madame Herbeck
Saturday July 2. André D'Arifat arrived with his wife from Flacq to pass a week with their mother and family.

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July Sunday 3. The cruizers keep mostly to windward, and at a distance from the coast. They are said to have stopped an American ship a few days since
My occupations are as before, Algebra with my scholars, and spheric trigonometry. My reading, the abridged history of Condillac, and the last volume of Le Marchand's voyages. We had today MM. Duguilio and Mr. Boistel in addition to our party, at dinner.
Monday 4. Fine weather. A letter from my friend Pitot informs me of the capture of La Piemontaise by the St. Fiorenzo commanded by captain Pellew who was killed in the action, as also his first lieut. The French lost 170 men amongst whom was Mr. Moreau, and both frigates were nearly dismasted.
Tuesday 5. This morning early a French ship entered the Black River: the cruizers keep to windward generally, and thus they miss the greater part of the ships that come to the island, especially as they keep so near as that the signals on the mountains shew their place - Wednesday Constructing spheres upon different planes. Two visitors dined with us, and in the evening we had M. Fadoeil, to pass a short time with us. a chess player.
Wednesday 6. Fine weather. In the evening arrived Mr. and Mrs. Chevreau to pass a few days with us, and other temporary visiters from Mr. Herbeck's to pass the evening
Thursday 7. I accompanied our gentlemen a shooting, but contrary to their usual practice we had no success; afterwards I went with André D'Arifat and his pretty wife to dine with Madame Labutte.
Friday 8. The English cruizers appear to have either departed, or taken the resolution to cruize further from land; for this morning the red flag was alone, and shortly after replaced by the embargo pendant. In the afternoon, I saw a ship of 400 or 500 tons with a tier of ports pass by towards Port N.W.
Saturday 9. Went a shooting with our gentlemen, and with the assistance of the dogs four hares and a spotted partridge were killed In the evening Mr. and Mrs. Chazal came to pass a few days with us, as also M. M. Curtat and Fadoeil; My friend Pitot and Mr. Bayard came also to visit me.
Sunday 10. All our company went to the Bay of Tamarinds to fish and spend the day which we did gaily, having good success with the seine. Mr. Boucherville, commandant of the quarter, Mr. Cap-martin, and M.M. Duguilio joined us at dinner, so that we made all together about 25 persons. In the evening the ladies waltzed to my flute and afterwards we played at chess and cards. M.M. Pitot and Bayard left us after supper
Monday 11. Mr. Chevreau and his family, André D'Arifat, and Mr. Curtat left us for the town. The day employed mostly at chess. At noon I learned that the Nancy grab had arrived from Batavia, the vessel concerning which the house of Pitot have been tormented by the government on account of some deserters, from the Semillante which had embarked abord
Tuesday 12. Still fine weather. It appears that the English cruizers have certainly quitted the island. Played at chess till I was perfectly weary

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July Wednesday 13. Rainy weather. A French imperial ship signaled this morning which I hope to be the cartel or a ship from France
Thursday 14. This morning English ships were signaled cruizing to windward of the island At noon I learned that it was the Canonnière that arrived yesterday, having made five prizes, three of which she sunk, one came in some time since, and the other supposed to be retaken. She confirms the account of the action between the St. Fiorenzo and La Piemontaise, as also that the Americans were at war with England, and adds that many of their vessels had been confiscated in India. At noon, the cruizers were off Port N.W. and it is probable that to intercept the Canonniere is a principal object of their cruize, but they are two days too late.
Friday 15. My friend Pitot informs me that their prizes was restored to them by the government, some pecuniary losses being the only punishment inflicted upon the owners and those guilty of seducing the seamen of the Semillante. It is said that M. Moreau, being wounded destroyed himself on hearing the order to strike; not to fall alive into the hands of the English; Sir Ed. Pellew having published an order relating to him on account of his violent conduct on board the Warren Hastings. The English cruizers were out of sight this morning; it is said they were accompanied by two other vessels supposed to be prizes. We had some visits of neighbours today as usual
Saturday 16. The embargo pendant taken down. Accompanied Mr. Chazal upon a visit to Vice-admiral St. Felix, the father in law of Chazals brother. Unable to do any thing at my spheric trigonometry or with my scholars these last few days, on account of our visitors
Sunday 17. Strong S.E. breezes with fine weather. Mr. and Mrs. Chazal left us today: Mad. Andre' D'Arifat alone remains. Accompanied all our family to dinner at our neighbours Mr. Herbeck. By gazettes brought by the Canonnière, it appears that Russia had laid an embargo on all English ships in her ports, in October last; and that the British had attacked the Russian fleet in the Mediterranean, and had mostly taken or destroyed it. My poor friend Baudin, I learn with pleasure is at length able to sit up in an arm chair, after more than three months confinement in bed.
Monday 18. Fine weather. Accompanied our family upon a visit to M. Duguilio, whose family appears very desirous of an alliance with ours.
Tuesday 19. A French ship signaled yesterday and today, and my friend Pitot informed me at noon, that it was a ship from France. It appears that it was with the Terpsichore that the Semillante had her night engagement
Wednesday 20. This morning an enemy was signaled cruizing off the port and at noon I learned that three ships had appeared suddenly at daylight and captured the Henry from Bordeaux, which, being in want of water had stopped at the entrance of the Grand Port, and sent the government despatches on shore, and then was coming round to Port N.W. The news received by these despatches is various, the ship having sailed from France the 31 of March. The Apropos had arrived at Cadix

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Wedn. 20 cont.
dix, but the Acteon by which I had written to the marine minister of France had been taken. As however Gen. De Caen would doubtless have informed the minister of his intentions concerning me, I am not without hopes, of his having a fresh order for my liberation. The war being between England and America not confirmed; and the animosity been France and England greater than ever. Today we had a considerable party of neighbours to dine with us.
Thursday 21. The English cruizers still before the port. Accompanied two of our ladies to dine with Mr. and Mrs. Suasse. A letter brought me in the evening, said that the port had sent a flag of truce requesting to ransom the Henry, and to obtain the passengers and letters brought from France. The former it is said was refused but the prisoners and letters would be granted; and which I suppose has taken place, the ships having remained the whole of this day before the port. They are said to consist of La Néreide 36, The Naiad 38, and the Aurora 28 from the Cape, and to have taken during their cruize, a Portuguese ship, an American from Batavia, the Henry, a prize of the Canonniere, L'aimable Creole coaster, another coaster name unknown and a small sloop.
Recommenced these two days, my trigonometrical problems of the sphere
Friday 22. This morning the red flag was hoisted alone, from which it appears the cruizers are either out of sight or so distant that they cannot be said to cruize off any particular part of the island. At 9. the embargo pendant took place of the red flag.
Wrote to M. Monistrol requesting to know if any thing in the despatches received concerned me, and requesting to be sent to France if the general did not chuse to set me at liberty (See pub. Let. book of this date.) The family Duguilio visited us this evening, and gave me with some others an invitation for dinner tomorrow
Saturday 23. Fine weather. Occupied in astronomical problems, and with one of my young scholars in Algebra, the youngest having worked so negligently, that I have discarded him for a time. Dined with Mr. Duguilio where we were treated with a good dinner a variety of wines, rare at this time, and much attention
Sunday 24. Rainy. This morning Mad. A. D'Arifat left us, and was accompanied to the town by M. Labauve and his eldest sister. At noon received a letter from my poor friend Baudin, the first written with his left hand, which on my visit to the town he promised should be addressed to me. I learn with much pleasure that he has quitted his bed and is able to walk in his chamber.
Monday 25. Answered M. Baudin's letter (priv. Let book of this date. Occupied with algebra and astronomy as before. Strong S.Etly. breezes
Tuesday 26. Strong breezes with fine weather. Mr. Labauve arrived from the town this informed and informed me from one of his friends that an occasion for writing to England direct would very soon present itself.
Wednesday 27 Thursday 28. From the gazette of yesterday and what my friend writes me it should seem as if things in Europe tended to form of it three empires, that of the north, of the east, and of the west, and that England will indemnify herself with the dominion of the sea.

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1808 July Friday 29. As yet I have received no letter in answer to mine, requesting to be sent to France if the intentions of the general would not permit me to hope for anything more favourable.
Saturday 30. Nothing signaled these last 5 or 6 days, and from the intelligence received from Europe, it appears that no neutral vessels are to expected here until a change of politics takes place; This will reduce the island very low and has already raised the price of every thing to an exorbitant height. Wine is 200 dollars the hogshead, soap 2.6 per lb and other foreign articles in proportion. Bread 15 sols (of this island about 3d) per pound has not risen for some time but must double its price in a few months if no flour arrives, and the English cruizers continue to invest their expedition from the Cape. The French cartel is not yet arrived from Calcutta (she sailed from hence in Dec.) and it is even supposed she may be long kept, by way of reprisal upon general De Caen and to prevent intelligence arriving here. (This evening Mr. Curtat and several others arrived to be present at the masonic feast, held tomorrow in this quarter. Masonry is much in vogue in this island, there are three lodges in the town, the triple alliance, the peace, and the fifteen artists, and in this quarter the friendly cultivators.
Sunday 31. Our numerous visiters dined at the lodge, and on their return at 10 P.M. drank a glass of Madeira in my pavilion
August Monday 1. Received an answer to my letter to M. Monistrol informing me that the dispatches received by the captain-general did not contain any thing relating to me; the letter is polite but says nothing to the request I made to be sent to France if the general would not otherwise set me at liberty. A vessel from Bourbon informed of the arrival of the Pactole from Nantz, having dispatches and letters, of which she brought the vessel brought a part of the latter
Tuesday 2 Wednesday 3. Mr. Pitot says that some of the letters received inform of the French emperor having said to the Senate, that peace a general peace would take place before a year was passed over. Rainy weather.
Wednesday 3 Thursday 4. Fine weather. Mad. Herbecks family dined with us today.
Friday 5. This afternoon Mr. Labauve accompanied his second sister to town, to return with the eldest on sunday.
Occupied with my astronomical problems, and with my young scholars in algebra as before.
Saturday 6. Strong eastwardly breezes with fine weather. My friend Pitot came to visit me this evening, as he usually does every fourth Saturday
Sunday 7. Understanding that opportunities of writing to France and England would very soon present themselves, I determined to send a duplicate of my letter to the marine minister, and to send a memorial of the treatment I had received from general De Caen, particularly since the arrival of the order to set me at liberty

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1808 August Monday 8. Strong south eastwardly breezes with fine weather Interrupted my usual astronomical and algebraic occupations, to prepare a memorial to the marine minister of France.
Tuesday 9. Occupied as yesterday. Wednesday 10. Thursday 11. the same mostly
Friday 11 Accompanied our ladies to dinner with Madame Labutte where we found several persons of her relations
Friday 12. Paid a visit to Mr. Boucherville, commandant of the quarter of Plaines Wilhems, in company with Mr. Labauve, and afterwards we dined with Mr. and Mrs. Suasse.
Saturday 123. Season continues to be very dry all over the island, so that a part of the wheat planted will be lost, which with the cessation of the arrival of neutral vessels make the inhabitants apprehend a great scarcity of bread. Maize is plentiful, but at two dollars the hundred pounds, having risen one-half nearly since the harvest. Quills and needles are at the most extraordinary price, the former are a quarter dollar, and the latter 6d. each.
Sunday 134. This morning a frigate under French colours was before the house, and manoeuvred as if she intended to stay where she was, which made me suspect her English, but she at length made sail towards the port. Variable breezes from the S.E.ward. Finished the first copy of my memorial to the marine minister, which with the annexed pieces made 25 pages of letter paper
Monday 145. St. Napoleon's day, and a day of much ceremony all over the French dominions for it is not, as the with us the birth day of a man which is celebrated, but the day of the saint after which he is named. Mr. Felix Froberville, to whom I had given a letter of recommendation for his voyage to Batavia came to pay us a visit on his return. We learned that the frigate which passed here on the 14, is not of the state, but the Pactole privateer, which had stopped at Bourbon, from Nantz.
Tuesday 16. These several days we had a breeze from the sea towards noon. Occupied in making copies of my memorial to the French marine minister
Wednesday 17. Same dry weather. Thursday 18. Sea breezes at noon. Learn nothing of the arrival of any despatches by the Pactole that concern me.
Friday 19. Cloudy weather. I learn today that former officer of captain Bergeret, arrived here lately was charged by that gentleman with a message for me, and that he proposed to visit me shortly. My friend Pitot sends me the Monthly Repertory, an English review published at Paris, from April to November 1807. In the transactions of the Royal Society for 1806, I see the publication of my paper upon the uses of the marine barometer
Saturday 20. Fine weather, still dry. See another notice in the Repertory of September of my paper on the barometer, in which long extracts are given, and it is spoken of as an interesting paper
Sunday 21. Mr. Mallac dined with us today. I am informed that the English cruizers on quitting the island, went to Madagascar where they took a small vessel the Favourite in the road to Tamatave . Also that a Portuguese had come in from Bat Macao, and had been seized immediately. Scarcely any other vessels arrive but small French vessels from Madagascar, Bourbon and Seychelles.
Monday 22. Our family went to spend the day with our neighbour Mad. Herbeck, and at noon I followed them to dinner. On returning I found the Argus's of Paris, sent me

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by my friend Pitot, from Jan. to March 1808 and which I find to contain much English news, neither is it more abusive of the English government than many opposition newspapers. Speaking of the I. of France, it says, bills for 3,000,000 livres have been drawn by the administration, which have not been paid; and it appears that the principles laid down by the government with respect to bills drawn upon it, are that a bill of exchange is not a bill of exchange until accepted by the minister of the treasury ; and it is not accepted till after several verifications. This had raised the greatest sensations here, and destroyed the credit of this government, who it is said will not be able to obtain loans, or even the supply of the various things necessary to the administration without ready money. Since the arrival of this intelligence, it is said that general De Caen is remarkably silent, reserved, and even melancholy
Tuesday 23. Wednesday 24. Laid aside my usual occupation to read the Argus' up to March 12. and which I sent back today, having before returned the Monthly Repertories.
Thursday 25. Fine weather after small rain during the night. I am informed from the town that captain Bergeret and general De Caen's brother had received orders to hold themselves in readiness for an expedition and that the former was at Nantz, March 29 last. It is supposed that these two officers will soon be here, in circumstances that I should consider favourable for me. Wrote a letter to my friend Charles Desbassayns, see priv. let. book of this date
Friday 26. Strong breezes from S.E. with squally weather during the night and continued during the day and following night. A ship signaled to windward must have had a bad time of it.
Saturday 27. The ship this morning signaled to be an enemy, and to be near the port.
Sunday 28. The English ship or ships still before the port. Vice-admiral St. Felix dined with us today. Winds strong these two days from the S.E.
Employed again these few days with astronomical problems appropriate to navigation. It is three years today since I arrived at Vacouas from the Maison Despeaux
Sunday Monday 29. Strong winds. The English ship, for it is said there is only one, is still signaled to be between the Coin de Mire and the port N.W.. Mad. Herbeck passed the afternoon with our ladies previously to our return to Vacouas.
Tuesday 30. We breakfasted early and set off for Vacouas. Mad. D'Arifat in a palanquin, Mr. Labauve, myself, and Miss Delphine on horseback, and followed by about thirty blacks, carrying the luggage. My two young scholars had set off very early before us on foot. We arrived at 11 o'clock in about 21/2 hours. The English ship appears to be out of sight, the red flag being alone this morning, and soon gave place to the embargo pendant.
Wednesday 31. Weather fine with moderate S.E.breeze, and so much colder than at Tamarinds as to augment the appetite and disposition to remain an hour longer in bed. It appears to have been a small frigate that kept off the port two or three days and then disappeared: she is supposed to belong to some squadron not far off.
Thursday September 1 Fine cool weather. Employed with my young scholars in geometry and myself in astronomical problems useful to navigation. Small rain at times.
Friday 2. Nothing signaled since the departure of the English frigate

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1808 September Saturday 3. Fine weather in general. Sunday 4. This morning an English ship or ships was signaled to be between the Black river and Port N.W. The cruizers from the Cape appear to have adopted the plan of being in with the land at daylight, so that it cannot be known from what quarter they come. This afternoon, I began cutting a road in the woods towards a point from whence I shall have a view of the sea to leeward.
Monday 5. Employed cutting my road all the morning. On my return found Mr. Chazal at the house, he having come to pass a few days at his habitation. In the evening my friend Pitot came to visit me, accompanied by M. Chalail an officer on board La Psyché with captain Bergeret when a merchant ship. I had hoped that he had something to tell me from the captain but was disappointed, nor could I learn whether he knew that I was detained after the order for my liberation had been given. It seems that the cruizer is an old frigate taken from the Dutch, and only carrying 9 pounders: she had taken a Portuguese ship coming here from Bourbon, as also a small coasting vessel; and that she landed the prisoners yesterday evening. From the report of her weakness, the Canonnière was preparing to go out and attack her
Tuesday 6. M. Pitot left us to dine at Palma, and Mr Chalail quitted us at 5 o'clock to rejoin him. The English frigate was not in sight this morning
Wednesday 7. Rainy weather at times. Thursday 8. Occupied the whole day with two men given me by M. Chazals' overseer, in cutting a path in the woods to the point whence the bay of Tamarinds and that part of the coast is visible
Friday 9. Dull weather with some rain. Employed the whole day cutting my road which I finished The English frigate is said to have informed the Portuguese prisoners set on shore, of the Prince Royal of Portugal having taken the title of Emperor of Brazil, and of England having presented him with twelve sail of the line. Also, that the King of Spain was dethroned, and Lucien Bonaparte put in his place
Saturday 10. Dull weather. Went to dine at Palma with Mr. Capmartin and the family Perichon, afterwards went to Tamarinds to visit Mad. Curtat and Mr Labauve, When I found also M. M. Curtat, Genève, Fadoit, Suasse and admiral St. Felix who dined with us on the following day Sunday 11. This morning saw an English frigate steering towards the port. In the evening returned to Vacouas.
Monday 12. The frigate signaled to be before the port, and at 8 the red flag at shewed her to be very distant. Employed preparing letters for the first of four vessels that are to sail for France shortly.
Tuesday 13. This morning I accompanied our ladies on foot to Tamarinds to pay a visit to Madame Curtat: we set off at 4 and arrived at halfpast 7 o'clock. It seems that the Canonnière went out on Sunday evening with the intention to attack the small English frigate which keeps cruizing in the neighbourhood, being sometimes in and sometimes out of sight. Noon we learn that the Cannonière succeeded in finding the English frigate and unfortunately took her last night. She anchored with her this morning, but I do not yet learn the name of the prize or the captain, or the particulars of the action. The cartel from India arrived last night, but it seems all communication with her is forbidden, and I fear for my letters which I expected to receive by her

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September Wednesday 14. At Tamarinds
Fine weather. We learn today that the English ship taken is the Laurel of 20 guns captain Woolcombe, who did not avoid the action with the Canonnière, on board of which are 7 men killed and 15 wounded, whilst it is said the Laurel lost none, but her masts and rigging, which appear to have been the principal objects of the French, were almost totally disabled It seems that the action of the Semillante was decidedly with the Terpsichore, which speaks advantageously of her enemy who killed her 48 men; whilst the conduct of the Piedmontaise is painted in different colours, she having lost 110 men in flying from the St. Fiorenzo; a ship of the same force and by whom she was finally taken. - This evening I received a letter from Ghazeepore in India, from my young friend Cornet James Franklin of the 1st. Regt. of Native Cavalry, which gives me some little information of my friends in England: he had not received either of my letters from hence, indeed the last he could not it having been sent posterior to Oct. 1807, the date of his letter
Thursday 15. Mad. Curtat received today a letter from our common friend Mr. Boand from Calcutta, brought by the officer from whom I expect to receive mine; but I do not yet learn whether he has any for me. All our family passed the day with Mad. Herbeck
Friday 16. I returned with our family to Vacouas to breakfast. Weather squally and cold. In the evening I received a packet from Mr. Boand containing presents for our ladies, but no letter of any kind
Saturday 17. Our neighbour Chevreau, who came to visit his habitation gave me several particulars relating to captain Woolcombe of the Laurel, his officers who it appears are on parole in the town, and their action with the Canonnière which lasted 57' mostly within pistol shot; and excited the admiration of the captors. Received a large packet of India Mirrors
Sunday 18. Sent a letter to captain Woolcombe (see letter book of this date. Fresh S.E. winds, but the weather finer than yesterday. Miss Sophia D'Arifat returned from the port and Flacq after an absence of six weeks, accompanied by Mr. Sauvejet. Presented the two sisters with the presents I had received from India
Monday 19. Squally weather, with rain at times. Sent to town letters from M.M. Fleurieu and Bergeret and a first copy of my memorial to be forwarded by the first of the ships to sail for France Employed writing duplicates for the second occasion, and with my newspapers.
Tuesday 20. Squally. I am positively assured today that neither my letters or journals with Mr. Boand were seized, but that they have arrived at their destination
Wednesday 21. Rainy weather, but not so cold, there being but little wind. Sent a first copy of two letters for England to be forwarded by the way of France by the first ship that sails. (See priv. let. book)
Thursday 22. Calm, with fine weather. Towards noon very heavy rain for several hours. Drew up bills on my agent for £66.14 at the request of M. Pitot, in return for 300 dollars. Recd. letters from M.M. Curtat and Journal of thanks for the letter of recommendation I had given the latter.
Friday 23. Rainy in the night and this morning with no wind, or light airs from the N.E. Sent a second expedition of my memorial and letters for France, to be carried by the Pactole.

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1808 September Friday 23.
Upon the opinion that I had formed Since the reception of M. Monistrol's letter which permitted me to infer that nothing but a convenient opportunity prevented the execution of the ministers order to set me at liberty, I had considered myself disengaged from my parole, and projected to go to France and endeavour to obtain justice there since none would be granted here. An occasion offering by one of the ships to sail in a few days, I went privately to town this afternoon for the purpose of consulting captain Woolcombe upon the propriety of, my greatest objection to such a measure at this moment being the consequences that might follow to him and his officers. I had some few days since gotten a letter conveyed to him. The captain received me very coldly, did not think I ought to consider myself disengaged from parole; had torn the letter received from me, and did not intend to give any answer: he informed me also that this was the opinion of captain H. Linne, acting commander, a passenger with him. It appeared that Capt. W. was too much occupied with his own case to pay attention to that of another, and could not see the difference in being made a prisoner as I was, or in being taken in the ordinary routine of war: he seemed to me under extraordinary apprehensions of the general and afraid to have any communication with me; and surprised at the confidence I appeared to have in my friends who were Frenchmen
Saturday 24. Returned early to Vacouas. Weather dull both days, but I escaped being wetted
Sunday 25. Fine weather. Since the 15, when Canonniere and her prize entered the port, there has been no signal of any kind upon the hills; whence it is supposed that English cruizers are in the neighbourhood, though out of sight. Wrote the triplicate of my memorial to the marine minister
Monday 276. Fine weather. My young scholars worked with me today, after several days interruption
Tuesday 27. Sent copy of my memor Fine weather. Some state vessels signaled to day, after a long interval. Sent a copy of my memorial for the inspection of captain W.
Wednesday 28. Variable weather. A ship of war signaled. Employed principally with my young scholars and reading Mathison's letters from the continent
Thursday 29. Fine weather, and rainy at intervals. Another ship signaled today, but no letter from the town informs me what those ships are.
Friday 30. Fine weather. It appears that the vessels arrived are mostly from Bourbon; they inform that the Gobe-mouche and two letters of marque have made some prizes from the Portuguese upon the African coast. Mr. Labauve dined with us today and spoke of a ship arrived yesterday from France.
Saturday Oct. 1. Weather variable and cold, with light S.E. wind. Employed with my young scholars and astronomy. My friend Pitot did not visit me today as usual, being detained I imagine by the ships for France not yet sailed
Sunday 2. Finer weather but cold. Went to pass the day with Mr. and Mrs. Curtat at Tamarinds which I did agreeably; Mr. and Mrs. Suasse dined with us.
Monday 3. Returned to Vacouas, but found no letter from my friend Pitot, which surprises me the more, as the ships for France the Pactole, Diamant, and Caroline having sailed, takes away the reason for his absence to which I attributed it. Weather cold and squally.
Received back from Mr. Joss my Traité elementaire de physique of M. Haüy, a favourite work with me.
Tuesday 4. Squally cold weather. Employed with astronomy and with my young scholars. Wednesday Madame Curtat came to pass a few days with our ladies
Wednesday 5. Weather less cold, wind being more eastwardly

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1808 Sept Oct. Thursday 6. Variable weather. Employed with my young scholars in geometry, in astronomical problems for myself, and reading Haüy's optics.
Friday 7. Same weather, but not very cold these two or three days.
Saturday 8. This evening my friend Pitot came to visit me. I learn that captain H. Lynne had applied to have the same allowances as the this government gave to me, being of the same rank, to which it was answered that I was not a prisoner of war, which was the cause of the distinction that had been made. I receive a few lines from Capt. W. in answer to the letter I had written him offered my services to him in any way that my experience in this island might enable me, to which he gives no answer, nor says anything more of the memorial enclosed than that he had received it; but he offers to take charge of any letter
Sunday 9. Fine weather. Mr. Chazal dined with us today, and in the afternoon, he and my friend Pitot left us.
Monday 10. Wrote to colonel Monistrol to point out the Semillante as a vessel that appeared very convenient to carry me to France agreeably to my request of July 22 (see public letter book of this date). Weather very fine today.
Tuesday 11. Cold weather with small rain and S.E. winds. Employed with my young scholars and problems of nautical astronomy.
Wednesday 12. These last five days, the Grampus and Raisonable have been cruizing off the island. On the 8th. they landed M. Benard the treasurer and M. Quinot prisoners from the cape
Thursday 13. Weather cold and squally. I learn today that a copy of the order from the French marine minister for my liberation was at the Cape: one of those probably which had been taken on the passage here. It appears that my situation has excited considerable interest there; and that Admiral Bertie strongly recommended to M. Benard to solicit with all his interest my exchange, or if that could not be, that I should be treated the best possible. It seems that at the Cape, it is believed that I am very ill treated and reduced to giving lessons in English for a livelihood, which certainly has never been the case. If M. Benard executes well his commission, perhaps my request to be sent to France in the Semillante, may be accorded, or possibly something better. This circumstance gives me some little hopes, for although I made the application it was without the smallest prospect of success, and was more intended to shew hereafter that I had neglected nothing to obtain my liberty
Friday 14. The cruizers out of sight yesterday, but signaled to windward of the island this morning. The finding the longitude by solar eclipses and occultations of the fixed stars has occupied me these last few days. My young scholars in geometric problems from la Chapelle's treatise on Mathematics.
Saturday 15. Fine weather this morning. I learn that my friend Baudin, whose health is pretty well re-established, had received an order from the captain-general to embark for France, and I suppose he will go in the Semillante (now the Charles).
Sunday 16. Tolerably fine after a rainy night. The cruizers out of sight since yesterday at noon.
Monday 17. Tuesday 18. Tolerably fine. Employed in the demonstration of solar eclipses, and thence to deduce the longitude
Tuesday Wednesday 19. Fine weather. Measured a rectangular fish pond in the garden, to shew my young scholars how to find the quantity of water contained therein

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Oct 1808 Wednesday 19.
Having received no answer to my letter of the 10th last, sent to M. Monistrol a duplicate of it with a note
I learn that an insurrection had taken place on board one of our three deckers off the coast of France, that the sailors had hanged the captain, and that the ship had been sunk by two others. In consequence, an order has been issued for softening the rigour of the discipline in the fleet; and it is supposed, that captain Lynne was intended to supersede a captain of one of the ships here, who was known to be too severe. A prisoner arrived from the Cape tells this; and that there are eight vessels cruizing amongst these islands
Extrait de l'Ecole de l'amitié de Marmontel
"Dans l'une, la bonté, la complaisance, la candeur, mais la mollesse et l'indolence; "dans l'autre" (un fond de bonté) "la vivacité de l'esprit et au caractère, mais des caprices de l'humeur, un air trop resolu, un ton trop décidé" (et quelques fois brusque) "et dans ses saillies un peu de légèreté" (et de mocquerie)
Thursday 20. Fine weather. Friday 21. Do. weather, with breezes from the north westward. It appears that the freight demanded by the ships for France is nearly as follows. Indigo 15 percent of its value, coffee 30 to 35, cotton 50. To these colonial products are added ivory, india-goods &c. from the prizes that are brought in. The above excessive freight shews the difficulty of communication, and the assurance, which is about 40 per cent, shews the opinion of the risk of being taken. The passengers are numerous, and my friends have received many applications for their intercession with me for letters of recommendation in case of being taken; but I have already given so many, that without have a sufficient base for a letter to the captains of His Majesty's ships, in services rendered by the Individual to English prisoners or in his superior talents and reputation, I do not think it prudent to risk any more. I propose to give one, however, to captain Motard, in whose favour I have several things of the above nature to cite, he having applied through my friend Pitot.
For Mr. Francis Malherbe, an acquaintance of our family, I propose to write a few lines to Mr. Park, master attendant in Portsmouth yard. He offers to take my letters for France and to bring the answers, it being his intention to return immediately.
Amongst the prisoners in the town are many Portuguese, and it appears that the government furnishes all those who desire to go to France, with a passage. But such as prefer Brazil are detained prisoners
Saturday 22. This morning Mr. Cap-martin sent me a letter from M. Monistrol containing answers to my letters of the 10 and 19, in which he tells me from the general that "having communicated to His Excellency the minister of marine the motives that had determined him to suspend my return to Europe, he could not authorise my departure until he received his answer upon this subject." Thus all hope of my being sent to France on board the Semillante are at an end. The general is now recommencing the same train of dissimulation with me as before the order to set me at liberty arrived

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Oct. 22 1808
I had to wait 31/2 years for the first order, and it is by no means improbable that a similar period will elapse before the second may arrive; but for the non -execution of this, pretexts will not no more be wanting to still delay the execution than for the first. What the motives are which he may have alleged I cannot know, but I know very well that his true motives are personal animosity to me, and a desire to prevent me from making known the injustice with which I have been treated
It appears that the Cannonière and Laurel went out yesterday with the intention of attacking any one of our cruizers they might find singly, and today the telegraph was continually making signals, whilst at the common mast a ship was signaled to windward leeward and another to leeward afterwards to windward. We judge either that the cruizers are chased by or are chasing the two ships. Wrote the letter in favour of captain Motard, as in public letter book of this date
Sunday 23. This morning the English cruizers were signaled to be before the port. A letter from Mr. P. adds the Venus, a small armed vessel, to the two French ships; and confirms the commission given by admiral Bertie to Mr. Benard; but he does not think Mr. B. dared to push the general much on this subject. It is, however, agreeable to me to know, that the principal officers at the Cape interest themselves in my situation.
Monday 24. Fine weather continues. Employed preparing my letters for France and England these last two days, for Le Charles (late Semillante)
Tuesday 25. Wind S.Etly. with rain at times. This morning Mr. Labauve accompanied Mrs. and Miss Ravel from the town who pass a few days with our family. I learn that the two English captains were refused permission to dine out of town, and consequently I can have no hope of seeing either of them here, which it appears captain Lynne desires very much. My friend Pitots hopes to obtain two or three letters for France to persons who may have it in their power to forward the object of my memorial to the minister, and assures me that I may safely reckon upon captain M. for whom I sent him an introduction to the captain of any ship English man-of-war that might take the Semillante
Wednesday 26. Our cruizers before the port again to windward of the island this morning. Writing letters today.
Thursday 27. Mr. Cap-martin dined with us today. By a letter from the town I learn that my friend is endeavouring to obtain as many letters as possible to support my memorial to the minister.
Thursday Friday 28. The English ships at a distance this morning. There are said to be four cruizing around the island. As yet we have no news of what the Cannoniere, Laurel, and Venus have done against them, or whether they are taken. Friday 29 This morning I received a letter for the minister of the public treasury in France to support my memorial, through the friendly intervention of Mr. C.
Saturd. 29 Cruisers out of sight since yesterday morning. Employed writing a letter to minister above mentioned. Went to Tamarinds to visit M.M. Curtat and Labauve. Made acquaintance with M. Laurent Barbé, son in law of M. Céré superintendant of the botanical garden here, who informed me that M.C. had a regular meteorological journal kept during 50 years in this island; and was now employed writing a Flora of these two islands.
Sunday 30. My company went to the mason's lodge. At noon I went to Palma where I dined and spent the evening, and returned to the Refuge at ten oclock. Cruizers in sight

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1808 Nov. Oct. Monday 31st.
The English cruizes off the port this morning, and are said to be six in all. Our neighbour Chevreau returned to his habitation from the town yesterday
Tuesday Nov. 21. Fine weather. The same gentleman who gave me a letter to the minister of the public treasury, has given another to the lady of general Kellerman, and a third the M. Sauvage, comtroller general of the public loteries; as my friend writes me word
Received today a letter from my estimable young friend Baudin, who sails for France in the Charles, and proposes to meet me at Palma some day this week
This afternoon Mad. Ravel and her daughter returned to town. It is with this family that the officers of the Laurel appear to be most intimate
Wednesday 32. The cruizers out of sight these last two days. Still employed writing letters for France and England; and for several days past reading La Vie privée de Louis XV
Thursday 3. It seems that in speaking of my situation at the Cape, Mr. Benard, the treasurer had assured the officers there, that my subsistence here was 80 dollars per month. In conversing upon the subject, our neighbour Chevreau told him of his mistake, that I received no more than 60. Mr.B. said he was certain I had 80, for as treasurer it was he himself that paid it. If this is true, my allowance, in passing through the hands of the état-major, is diminished 19,3 as I receive no more than 60,7. And supposing 3 per cent to be deducted for the invalids = 2,4, the officers of the état-major intercept for themselves about 17 dollars; and supposing it to have commenced only in May 1805, at the departure of Mr. Aken, it amounts to 714 dollars. I remember being told by some prisoners in the maison Despeaux before their departure, that on signing their parole, they were required to sign a certificate of the allowance they had received; they had received 14, but were required to sign for a greater sum, as well as I remember for 16 or 18 dollars per month. It is very bad in any case, but to deduct for the small pittance of 16 or 18 dollars, is a degree of baseness almost incredible
Friday 4. Rainy weather, and calm. Writing to England. The English cruizers in sight since yesterday even
Saturday 5. Dull cloudy weather, and calm.
Sunday 6. Went to Palma to meet my friends Pitot and Baudin; to the latter of whom I delivered my various letters for France, and arranged with them the proceedings necessary to be taken by those friends who might interest themselves in forwarding the object of my memorial. The evening passed agreeably in the company of the ladies
Monday 7. Fine weather. My two friends being persuaded to pass the day, I remained also. Persecuted a little upon the subject of politics and national character. These gentlemen and most other Frechmen that I have seen, take a great pleasure in depreciating the English character; which is ungenerous in the presence of an Englishman and a prisoner. This is done by pleasantries generally, which it is best to answer by reprisals in the same way. Each nation has its manners. The populace in England throw mud at a Frenchman passing in the street, the gentleman in France augment the misfortune of an Englishman by searching to turn his nation into ridicule; though I have always found at the bottom, that they respected it; and I attribute this to their desire of shewing their wit, joined to a little envy and perhaps hatred, rather than to any want of consideration. After dinner, my two friends returned to town, and I to Vacouas with mixed sensations upon of anxiety for my poor wounded friend, regret at parting with him, and that I cannot go at the same time, and gratitude for the interest he takes to deliver me from my bondage mixed with some displeasure at his national animosity.

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Tuesday 8. Fine weather. Sent my second packet of letters to the town for the Celestine; also a letter to Sir J.B. in favour of M. Baudin and another to Mr. Park, master attendant in Portsmouth dockyard, for M. Malherbe. Unable to do any serious work today.
Wednesday 9. The English cruizers at a distance this morning. Fine weather
Thursday 10. English ships to windward of the island, and are said to be a new squadron come to relieve the former cruizers. Making a copy of my memorial and letters sent to France
Friday 11. Dull weather, as yesterday. Saturday 12. A vessel arrived from Batavia gives news carried there by an American, of great changes having taken place in Spain. There is probably some truth in these reports and some exaggeration. Captain Lynne sends me an admiralty list up to Jan.1807 with an obliging note. Paid a visit in the evening to Mad. Couves' family, returned from the town to their habitation
Sunday 13. Dull weather with small rain. The cruizers still in sight and are said to have taken two small coasting vessels. Writing reflexions upon my imprisonment, with such proofs of the innocence of my conduct, as may perhaps be required hereafter to answer the accusations of gen. De Caen in France.
Monday 14. Fine weather. Cruizers to windward of the island. My young scholars work with me since my letters for France and England were finished on the 8th.
Tuesday 15. Fine weather. Writing reflexions upon my imprisonment. Mr. Labauve dined with us.
Wednesday 16. Dry weather. The rivulets very low. We made an evening's visit to our neighbour Chevreau.
Thursday 17. Fine weather and dry, but the night's dews abundant. Writing my reflexions
Friday 18. Do. weather. The cruizers out of sight this morning. Rain in the afternoon. A vessel from Bourbon gives information, as is said, of the frigates Manche & Cannoniere Caroline being there with several prizes.
Saturday 19. Nearly calm with fine weather. The dews increasingly abondant in the night, since the fine weather set in. They write from town that the two frigates, and the privateers have made nine prizes, which are estimated at a million of piastres, but which is most probably exaggerated nearly one half: the richest are not yet arrived. La Manche has also taken the Sea-flower sloop of war, which however had not arrived at Bourbon when the aviso came away. The Two frigates were, one in chase of the Harrier sloop, and the other of the Olympia cutter. The Harrier had taken seven vessels at Bourbon Madagascar, amongst which was La jeune Claire belonging to Mr. Pitot. It is thus that the individuals of two nations tear each other, without doing any essential service to the general cause of either. The English cruizers out of sight totally: they are probably gone to Bourbon where are the two frigates French frigates and the prizes
Sunday 20. Fine weather. Employed writing reflexions on my imprisonment in the form of letters addressed to a member of the Institute at Paris. La Semillante sailed today for France
Monday 21. Went in the afternoon to visit our neighbour Chazal, returned yesterday with his family from his house in town. Almost all the families are now returned to the country for the summer.
Tuesday 22. Dull weather, with rain at times. Made an application to pass two or three days in town, with the approbation of the captain general See pub. let. book of this date)
Wednesday 23. Fine weather. My friends writes me too late to defer the application mentioned above, on account of the furious anger of the general, occasioned by Surcouf, captain of La Semillante, having set on shore when under sail three Portuguese officers which the captain-general had ordered to be received for a passage to France. Signals of recal were made too late; but two vessels of Surcouf and every other property that can be found, have been seized. It is said His Excellency was obliged to make use of a warm bath to prevent his anger from having an effect upon his health.
This evening Mr. Labauve conducted his eldest sister back from the town, where she had passed a fortnight. A brig, prize, anchored in the port yesterday.

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Thursday 24. Fine weather. Writing letters on my imprisonment and arranging them for translation into French. My young scholars continue to work with me as usual
Friday 25. Showers of rain during the night, with fresh S.Ewardly winds. Visited our neighbour Chevreau
Saturday 26. Fresh breezes with finer weather. Mad. Couve and her young ladies visited us.
Sunday 27. Employed translating into French letters on my imprisonment. Our neighbours Chevreau dined with us today. Recd. an obliging, [indecipherable] letter, from captain H. Lynne. Rainy in the PM.
Monday 28. Fine weather. Translating into French. Heavy rain at noon
Tuesday 29. Fine weather. After an absence of twelve days, a cruizer or cruizers were signaled to be this morning to windward of the island. This will perhaps hinder my request to go to town from being granted. From before noon till evening the English ship was signaled to be before the port, we suppose with perhaps a flag of truce. Today I dined with a large company at Mr. Chevreau's, amongst others Mr. St. Pearne, to whom I had given a letter on his going to India in the cartel. Dull weather, with rain at night.
Wednesday 30. Dull weather. The cruizer to the southward of the port. I learn that a ship of 50 guns and a sloop of war, having many French prisoners on board, had come to propose an exchange for the officers and crew of the Laurel; it appears, that besides many small vessels at Madagascar, the squadron had taken two ships, and it said the Sea-Flower, and were in chase of the Cannonière and Laurel. Sent an express to town with a packet for captain W. to be taken to the Cape, containing a copy of my memorial and all my late letters on the subject of my detention.
Thursday Dec.1. Heavy rain during the night and morning, and until evening. The river considerably risen. A letter from town says that La Manche and La Caroline arrived during the night from Bourbon. The Raisonnable (64) endeavoured to oppose their entry into the port, but the very light wind disabled her from doing any thing effectual. It seems that the captain-general had refused an immediate exchange of prisoners, but had promised to send a cartel to the Cape: It was not known whether the French prisoners would be landed
Friday 2. Fine weather this morning. Rainy afternoon The English signaled to be before the port the whole day.
Saturday 3. Cloudy. Cruizers in the same situation early, but they disappeared soon after the embargo pavilion was hoisted. My friend Pitot came to see me today. I learn that the Raisonnable had landed her prisoners, the general having promised to send a cartel with his to the Cape very shortly.
Sunday 4. Fine weather. Accompanied Mr. P. to dine with our neighbour Chazal: after dinner he returned to town. About 10. an English ship or ships were signaled to be off the port.
Monday 5. Fine weather. Accompanied our ladies upon a visit to Mad. Chazal, who has been very ill these last several day. Our neighbour Jean Paul, of whom mention has been made often in this journal, was found drowned this morning. This honest black has had his head deranged a short time past, by apprehension of his being thought a dishonest man. A will left him a succession under the name of Jean Pierre, by which he was formerly known; but now calling himself Jean Paul, the will was contested. It is not absolutely known whether he drowned himself or fell into the river by accident.
Tuesday 6. Fine weather. The cruizers to windward of the island: Many telegraphic signals yesterday and this morning.

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December 1808
Wednesday 7. Fine weather. The cruizers (said to be the Leopard and the Harrier) to windward of the island, at a considerable distance. Employed as usual with my young scholars and translating into French, Letters on my imprisonment.
Thursday 8. Fine weather. The Celestin Friday 9. The Celestine sailed today for France Walked over Mr. Chevreau's plantation with him, to see the coffee plantation he has made in the woods, where the small underwood and young trees are cut down and cleared. He has planted in this way more than 30,000 plants. Heavy rain at noon. Wrote a letter to my friend Charles Desbassayns, requesting that one of the baptismal names he may gives to the child of which his wife is big, should it be a son, may be Flinders
Saturday 10. Cruizers to windward of the island. Sunday 11. Monday 12. Rainy at noon
Tuesday 13. Fine. The cruizers appear to keep at a greater distance than formerly, but mostly to windward of the island. Employments still the same as on the 7th.
Wednesday 14. Fine weather, and cool for the time of year. In the afternoon took a walk to see Mad. Chazal, not yet well recovered from a severe illness.
Thursday 15. Very fair weather these three days. The cruizers not in sight these two days past. At noon I received an answer from M. Monistrol saying that he had communicated by two letters to the general, but that he had not received for me the approbation to go to town. It seems the general will neither grant it nor yet refuse it formally.
My friend Pitot writes me, that a small vessel La Mouche of 25 tons which left Bayonne the 14th. of Aug. last, arrived yesterday at the port with despatches. The officer commanding her (a Lieutenant de vaisseau) gives much political news of revolutions in the affairs of Spain, Portugal and even Germany; as also that 40,000 French had marched for Persia a year since, but of whom no certain intelligence is yet public here
Friday 16. Fine weather. This morning an English ship to windward of the island was again signaled A gazette extraordinary announced generally the great successes of the French, in taking possession of Spain, in preparing a new navy in Europe Accompanied our ladies on a visit to M. Chazal.
It is five years this evening since general De Caen made me prisoner.
Saturday 17. Employed with my young scholars, and in translating letters upon my imprisonmt.
Sunday 18. We learned today of the arrival of a brig, which left Nantes in the month of October September last, and speaks of others to follow her. Since the Americans have ceased to come, it appears that the French government encourage their private ships to risk themselves, that the colonies may be supplied. It seems that Madame Airolles, mother of Mesdames Chazal and Chevreau and Bickham died yesterday. It is not three weeks that I dined in her company at Mr. Chevreau's
Monday 19. Fine weather. The cruizers out of sight this morning. Tuesday
20. Do. in both. It appears that a schooner, sailed from Nantes the 27 of Sept., is arrived and not a brig. She brings intelligence of all Spain being in insurrection against the French, who have massacred incredible numbers without being able to restore order. It appears also, that a considerable promotion of admirals had taken place in our marine. Our family and that of Mad. Couve paid visit of condolence of Mad. Chazal.
Wednesday 21. Thursday 22. It appears by message of Bonaparte to the Senate, published in this days gazette, that the insurgents in Spain are assisted by an English army. Visited Mad. Couve
Friday 23. Employed still in translating into French, letters upon my imprisonment, and with my young scholars in geometrical problems.

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Dec. Saturday 24. Fine weather, and cool for the time of year
Sunday 25. Mod. Eastly. breeze with fine dry weather. Employed translating into French thirteen letters upon my imprisonment, and with my scholars in geometry as before
Christmas-day, but not the least attention is paid to it here
Monday 26. Squally unsettled weather: wind eastwardly.
Tuesday 27. Same weather with small rain at times. At noon I received a letter from my friend Charles Desbassayns pressing me to apply for permission to accompany our family to Bourbon in April or May next, a project which has very little prospect of taking place so far as concerns me. The English cruizers seen before Bourbon of the 22nd past. and had taken the Gobe-mouche. Walked in the afternoon to visit our neighbour Chazal
Wednesday 28. Squally unsettled weather, but tolerably fine for the most part. It appears that there were English cruizers at Bourbon on the 22. the date of our letters
Thursday 29. Friday 30. Weather finer, but we remark in the evenings a redness in the sky that seems to threaten a hurricane before long. Visited our neighbour Chevreau and family who are returned from town after the death of Mad. Airolles
Saturday 31. Rainy weather, with the wind variable.
1809 Jan. Sunday 1. Fine weather for the slaves, who have this day entirely to themselves and receive gifts from their masters. Their dancing began yesterday evening at sunset. Being denied permission to go to town, where I intended to purchase new-years gifts for our ladies, I gave 20 dollars amongst the slaves of the habitants, amounting to 60 including a number of young children. An English cruizer came before the port from to windward this morning, and afterwards returned.
Monday 2. Fine weather. The cruizer at a distance
Tuesday 3. Do. The English cruizer is the Neréide, which got possession of the signals made by ships to the island, on taking the Gobe mouche. It appears that on the 31st she came to the entrance of the port with the signal flying for a prize of the state, and obtained a pilot whom she carried off with his black boats crew. After taking another boat she went off, and now keeps at a distance, having doubtless seen what was in the port. Paid a visit to our neighbour Mad. Couve to pay my compliments upon the new year.
Employed translating my letters into French, and reading the Journal de L'Empire for 1807. My young scholars work with me every day as usual. Read the journal of M. Ramel one of those transported to Cayenne with the deputies of the convention, one of whom was M. Barbé de Marbois, now first president of the Chamber of Accounts at Paris
Wednesday 4. Mod Etly. winds with fine weather. The Neréide out of sight these two days
Thursday 5. Dry weather, so that the rivulets are very low, which is uncommon at this season
Friday 6. Fine weather. Rainy in the afternoon, with a sea breeze
Saturday 7. My friend came to pay me his usual monthly visit. It appears that the Manche is to be recalled from Bourbon, to attack conjointly with the Caroline, the Neréide supposed to be cruizing to windward off the island. In a Moniteur of July 1808, I read a letter of M. Henri Frécynet; by which it appears that that part of the South coast of Australia discovered by me, as well as that first seen by Lt. Grant and M. Baudin is to be called Terre Napoleon; that Kangaroo Island is to be called Isle Decres, and my two

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1809 Jan. Saturday 7. continues
two gulphs are to be named Golphe Bonaparte and Golphe Josephine. I know not whether to attribute these incroachments to the editors of the Voyage (Péron, Frécynet, LeSueur) or to the French government. If it arizes from the latter, there is very probably some connexion between them and my long detention in this island. These encroachments have certainly been made designedly, for every officer of that expedition knew that I had previously seen and explored these parts before the Geographe; and they are the more extraordinary after the complaints and reclamations of M. de Fleurieu upon the conduct of the English; though for the most part these were made unintentionally, and always after a previous vague examination was rendred much more perfect; but I do not think that M. Baudin Examination will have this advantage over mine
Sunday 8. We dined with Madame Couve, and my friend afterwards returned to the town. Passed the evening with M. Chevreau, in company with M. and Madame Lachenardiere who pass a few days with him.
Monday 9. Dull cloudy weather as yesterday. Spent the evening at our neighbour Chevreau's, in a party at tric-trac with M. Lachenardière.
Tuesday 10. Cloudy weather. It appears that the biscuit bakers of the town are employed night and day, and that the barracks are repairing, from which it is supposed that troops are expected from France, and that the captain-général has received advice from by the La Mouche, the small schooner arrived lately from France. Accompanied our family on a visit to Mad. Chazal
Wednesday 11. M. and Mm. Lachenardiere obliged to quit our neighbour Chevreau on account of the itch having declared itself in his family. I remark that this disagreeable disorder is very common in this island, the communication of it being kept up by the slaves, who are far from being cleanly in their persons. It has been twice in our family within three years; and seems to be considered a disorder to avoid which is not always possible; but I am persuaded that a great attention to personal cleanliness would nevertheless be sufficient and on this occasion I remark that the French, even in this island, are not so scrupulous in that respect as the English: it is not uncommon to see a lady sit down to breakfast without having washed her face and hands
Thursday 12. Thunder, lightening and rain in the night; but a lighter eastwardly breeze dissipated it in the morning. Reading the Journal de L'Empire for 1807
Friday 13. Fine weather. Mr. Capmartin breakfasted with us
Saturday 14. Fine; remarkably dry for the season, whilst in the lower parts of the island there has been more rain
Sunday 15. Fresh S.E. wind with cool dry weather. Madame Suasse came to pass a few days with our ladies
Monday 16. Dry weather, cloudy with light S.E. wind. A vessel from Bourbon informs that the Jena, formerly the Revenant, is taken by the Modeste frigate
Tuesday 17. Rainy weather at noon.

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1809 Jan. Wednesday 18. Cloudy weather. Employed with my young scholars, translating letters upon my imprisonment into French, and reading the Mercures de France for 1807.
Thursday 19. Three vessels arrived today, of which two belonging to the government, but I do not yet learn whence they come
Friday 20 Cloudy weather. The Society of Emulation employ themselves in collecting information for a history of Madagascar; such of its members as make voyages to that island being instructed to obtain what they may be able. M. Pitot expresses a wish to have a copy of my chart of the north part of that island added to their collection Mr. Suasse rejoined his wife this morning.
Saturday 21. Visited our point of view (cascades and quarter of Tamarinds) with Mr. Suasse, we afterwards amused ourselves with tric-trac. Squally weather: wind eastwardly.
Sunday 22. Mr. and Mrs. Suasse left us this morning to return to their plantation at Tamarinds. They are not amongst the most intimate friends of our family, but are highly esteemed by it, and are in effect very worthy people, intelligent, of great regularity of conduct, moderately easy in their circumstances & hospitable without ostentation. They have always testified a considerable degree of interest in my situation and receive me at their house in a friendly manner. Mr. S. was bred a seaman, and commanded a merchant ship before fixing himself in the I. of France
It appears that the Neréide has already quitted this island. The three last vessels arrived are from Bourbon, and others depart for that island daily, making the most of the time that the passage is free
Monday 23. Fresh Eastwardly winds with cloudy weather. Fine in the afternoon. Paid a visit to Mr. Chazal, where I passed the afternoon at music, and the evening at chess. Squally at night with thunder, lightening and rain, so that in returning at 11 o'clock, I got thoroughly wet.
Tuesday 24. Dark threatening weather, but nearly calm
Wednesday 25. Mod Etly. wind with finer weather. Heavy shower of rain with thunder in the afternoon: the wind then N.E.
Thursday 26. Cloudy but fine weather.
Friday l27. Saturday 28. Fine weather. Our family passed the evening with our neighbour Mad. Couve, who prepares to return to the town shortly for the lying in of her daughter Mad. Bouchet.
Sunday 29 Dined with Mr. Chevreau and the family Chermont.
Monday 30. Paid a visit to M. Martin-monchamp, where I found that the Auguste a ship from Bourdeaux sailed Nov. 10 1808 had arrived bringing news up to the end of October. It appears that the English were in possession of Portugal and of 9 ships of the Russian line under Admiral Siniavin. After dinner went to Mr. Lachenardieres, and accompanied the double family to a carrie at Mr. de Lanne's
Tuesday 31. Fine weather. Sent a messenger to the Refuge with the news. Played at tric-trac with M. Lachenardiere. In the afternoon, accompanied the two families upon a visit to M. Cazeau who received me obligingly. A very large party at supper at Mr. and Mrs. Chateau's, viz the families Lachenardiere, St. Susanne, Cazeau, Desjardins, two Misses Giblot, Mad. Tabois et Duprés, M. Brilliant, and many children. The evening passed gaily: As stranger I gave the hand to the lady of the feast. We returned to sleep at M. Cazeau's

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Feb. Wed. 1st. M. Cazeau amused the ladies with a haul of the seine in his fish pond. Our party at dinner less numerous than the evening before. Quitted M. Cazeau in the evening, (who engaged me to repeat my visit), called upon M. Burgesse in passing by, and returned with the two families to M. Lachenardiere's at night, wetted by the rain
Thursday 2. Fine weather. Colonel St. Susanne walked with me to see a cascade in the Menil River which passes behind the house. I judged it to be about 80 feet, but not equal in height or quantity of water to our cascades in the Tamarin River. Played several parties at tric-trac with different people, during these last days, but lost every one of them by the strangest persecution of bad luck I ever experienced
Friday 3. After another party at tric-trac, which I lost equally, went to dine with Mr. Duval on my way to the Refuge, where I arrived in the evening. It appears that seven sail of the French line have been captured at Cadiz, though the gazette makes no mention of it; no more than that the princes of the house of Bourbon are in Spain
Saturday 4. Mod. E.tly. winds with fine weather. In the afternoon went to Palma to meet my friend Pitot by appointment. The evening passed at musick
Sunday 5. Musick almost all the morning, and again in the evening. Played three parties games at chess with Miss Eliza Perichon. It appears from the reports of the passengers arrived by the Auguste, that the war of Spain has excited great discontent in France. Napoleon is no longer received by the public with cries of Vive l' Empereur. The losses in Spain appear to have been much more considerable than the French gazettes allow; and it appears that the Insurgents are in great force, and fear not the French armies: the enthusiasm and patriotism of the Spaniards appear to be extraordinarily great, and to be wholly directed against the French. A ship arrived Mo from Manilla gives no material information: it appears that in October the affairs of Spain were not known there
Monday 6. A letter from captain Lynne informs me, that a cartel was preparing to carry Portugueese prisoners to Brazil, and that he had some hopes of being permitted to go on board. Returned to the Refuge before breakfast, and my friend Pitot departed for the town
Tuesday 7. Heavy rain in the afternoon. Employed writing the 13th and last letter on my imprisonment, and in geometry with my young scholars
Wednesday 8. Dull weather with rain at times. The lottery of which I had taken two numbers by way of trying what my fortune might be in this way, was drawn on Sunday at Mr. Cazeaux's, who informs me that my two numbers were drawn - blancks. I find that the change of disposition in France towards the Emperor is generally known and excites much sensation here, even among the military men. Every person seems now convinced that the blame of the war does not rest with England, but attaches to the ambition of Bonaparte
Thursday 9. Dull cloudy weather with much rain in the afternoon. Wrote to capt. Lynne (See priv. let. book)
Friday 10. Rainy dull weather. Rainy during the whole day. Finished the last letter upon my imprisonment in English and French

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1809 February Saturday 11. Dull weather. M. Bouchet paid me a visit, before going to fix his residence in the town with with the family of Mad. Couve, whose daughter (his wife) is ready to lie in
In the afternoon went to Mr. Chazal with my flute, to accompany Madame in some sonatas of Pleyel and Rosetti. Passed the evening and slept there
Sunday 12. Weather still dull, with small rain at times. Returned home from Mr. Chazal's to breakfast. We learn that the Harrier is cruizing between the islands, and has taken two or three vessels; amongst others, the Imperatrice-Mere from Bordeaux, which had been expected here impatiently since the arrival of the Auguste
Monday 13. Strong squalls of wind and rain from the northward.
Tuesday 14. Fine weather. It appears that the Caroline and a small corvette are gone out to make the tour of the island, and if possible to take the Harrier
Wednesday 15. Employed in geometry with my young scholars, and in writing a sketch of my voyage in French to precede the letters upon my imprisonment
Thursday 16. Fine weather these last two days. Dined by invitation with M. Chevreau where I met the family of M. Chazal. It appears that the ship Imperatrice-Reine, supposed to be taken, arrived yesterday morning from Bourbon, where she had taken refuge. This confirmed that the M.M. Desbassayns to whom I had given a letter of recommendation, had been taken in their passage from America: that they had been sent to France in a cartel which had not been suffered to enter the ports of France
Friday 17. Very fine weather. Mr. Herbrough de la Chaise, who came to visit our family yesterday, left us this morning.
Saturday 18. Sunday 19. Went to dine at Mr. Chazal's where a considerable party was assembled, we had some musick, with tric-trac and chess, but the ill health of Mad. Chevreau cast an air of sadness over the day. She goes to town tomorrow to consult her physician.
Monday 20. Some rain in the night, but fine in general. A note from M. Bouchet informs me that his wife was brought to bed of a son on the 18: Something Thirteen days less than 9 months after her marriage. Employed in geometry with my young scholars, and in writing a sketch of my voyage in French
Tuesday 21. Fresh Eastly. winds with variable weather
Wednesday 22. M. André D'Arifat came to pass a few days with us, and in the evening his brother Labauve joined us. Thursday 23. At dinner we had M. Chazal and M. Fadeuille
Friday 24. Accompanied André upon a visit to his brother at Tamarinds. We breakfasted at Palma on the way, and took up M. CapMartin and two M.M. Perichon the younger. A large party at dinner; shooting in the afternoon. Games in the evening
Saturday 25. Our young party went a shooting early, and returned to breakfast. Chess and bouillote after breakfast. Large party at dinner. Went to pay a visit to M. and Mrs. Suasse, whilst our shooters went out again towards the cool of the evening. Stopped to supper with M. Morin who arrived from the town, and remained all night
Sunday 26. Quitted M M. Suasse and Morin, and returned early to M. Labauves where I found M. Curtat arrived. This good man testified much friendship for me as usual

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1809 Feb. Sunday 26.
and tried to persuade me to go and pass some days in town without waiting the approbation of the general, wishing to introduce me amongst his friends; but to this I could not consent.
In the afternoon I returned to the Refuge, and found a letter from captain Lynne informing me that the captain-general had at length refused to give him permission to depart on board the cartel for Brazil
Monday 27. Weather continues fine. Writing letters for England to go by the cartel for Brazil
Tuesday 28. Employed with my young scholars, and writing my letters (See private letter book of this date). Mr. Labauve came this evening to rejoin his brother André. Heavy rain in the afternoon.
Wednesday March 1. Fine weather. Dined at Mr. Chazals with a party of our family
Thursday 2. Sea and land breezes these last several days. This morning we learn that Madame Chazal who dined with us yesterday, was brought to bed this morning of a son, which occasions great joy in the family. The two brothers Chazal have an uncle in France possessed of £4000 a year to whom they are heirs. This uncle desired ardently a grand Nephew which should inherit his fortune after his two nephews, and until this time, they have had only daughters. Mr. Fadeuille dined with us today, and in the afternoon André D'Arifat quitted us to return to his wife at Flacq, passing by the road of Mocha
Friday 3. Weather rather squally, but fine in general. Employed with my young scholars in geometry, and in writing an abridged account of my voyage and imprisonment in French
Saturday 4. Squally rainy weather: wind Etly. Find myself indisposed today with a slight fever and pains in the joints
Saturday Sunday 5. Dull weather. Better this morning, my indisposition being only a slight attack of the gravel. Visited Mr. and Mrs. Chazal and their new-born little boy this afternoon
Monday 6. Squally weather with rain, the wind southly. In the evening the wind veered to S.W. to W., and W.N.W at midnight with cloudy weather.
Tuesday 7. Squally weather: wind at W.N.W. and from its having veered in a direction contrary to the sun's course, I suspect we shall have some bad weather, before the wind fixes in its usual eastern quarter. Writing the sketch of my voyage and imprisonment in French
Wednesday 8. Strong squalls in the night, with rain at times. Wind W.N.W. at daylight. Weather finer. We visited Mr. and Mrs. Chevreau, returned from the town
Thursday 9. Cloudy weather. Wind N.W. It became fine afterwards and apparently settled
Friday 10. Fine weather: wind N.E. and light. Accompanied our family upon a visit to M. Chazal. M. Cap-martin, who dined with us today, informs me of an inhabitant of the town who destroyed himself lately. This is the 4th. person within less than a year [indecipherable] The French and I believe other nations have an opinion that suicide is more common in England than elsewhere, but I think unjustly; it is the news-papers which recount every thing in England, and nothing but what is permitted in France that has given rise to this opinion which does so little honour to our nation
Saturday 11. Fresh breezes from East, with cloudy weather

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1809 March Sunday 12. Tolerably fine weather. Employed writing an abridged narrative of my voyage and imprisonment in French, as an exercise. My friend Pitot goes to pass some days at his sisters at La Poudre d'Or on account of ill health so that I am deprived of seeing him at the usual time
Monday 13. Fresh S.E. breezes with tolerably fine agreeable weather
Tuesday 14. Same weather, wind south, taking a turn against the course of the sun a second time
Wednesday 15 Light S.W. wind with thick weather, and small rain. At noon the wind came round to N.W. Dined with Mr. Chevreau, where were two or three strangers. Mr. Labauve arrived in the evening. Thursday 16. N.E. breeze with fine weather. This day I have am 35 years old: when first made prisoner I had was not 30. Played a game at trick-trac with Mr. Labauve my master, from whom I gained 24 fish in six marks. In the afternoon he returned to Tamarind with accompanied by his two young brothers, whom he conducts to town on Saturday to get new clothes made, preparatory to the voyage which Mad. D'Arifat proposes to make to Bourbon in the beginning of April
Friday 17. Fine weather with N.E. breeze. Several vessels signaled these last few days, but I do not learn what they are: a prize is amongst them.
Saturday 18. Calm with fine weather. Sunday 19. Accompanied our family to pass the day with at Mr. Chazals, where we found M.M. Airolles et Barry.
The latter an Irish officer in the French service of whom I have not the highest opinion. Rainy at noon with light northwardly winds.
Monday 20. Fine weather: wind eastwardly. My young scholars returned this morning from the town and inform us that a frigate from France is arrived, but the name was not yet known
Tuesday 21. Heavy rain with thunder and lightening in the night, and in the morning. We learn at noon that the frigate arrived is Venus, which sailed from Cherbourg Nov. 9 and consequently can give us very little news. She is commanded by captain Hamelin, whom I knew at Port Jackson when he commanded the Naturaliste. The rainy weather continued almost the whole day and night.
Wednesday 22. Fresh S.E. wind with thick cloudy weather, which became fine afterwards
Thursday 23. Calm and fine weather, but cloudy. At noon heavy rain. Finished a narrative of 58 pages in French, of my voyage, shipwreck, and imprisonment. This is intended as a preface to the letters upon my imprisonment, in which I have assembled the proofs of the injustice I have suffered, preparatory to my being ordered to France, should that take place
Friday 24. Cloudy weather. Mr. Ed. Pitot writes me that he has seen captain Hamelin who does not appear to have brought anything that concerns me: he desires to see me, but fears to displease the captain general in coming into the country for that purpose. I supposed that he would have on board his ship the voyage of captain Baudin, but he says not. The first volume only was published when he left France, in which honorable mention is made of me. A new Atlas of charts historic and geographic has also been published in France by Le Sage in which the parts of the south coast of Australia lately made known, are entitled Discoveries of M.M. Flinders and Baudin. This is all I am able to learn from my correspondent. The Venus is a large frigate, of 40 or 44 guns, and is come out to replace the Piedmontaise, taken 15 months since.
Saturday 25. My two young scholars went to Moka, to celebrate their first communion. Weather cloudy, and nearly calm. Much thunder in the mountains, near the town. Mesdames Chazal and Chevreau dined with our ladies: Their husbands absent in town regulating their family affairs
Sunday 26. Monday 27 cloudy dull weather. Wind light from the northward. I learn from our neighbour Chevreau returned from the town that cartels are expected from India with French prisoners which are said to be due to this government. It does not appear that the cartel for Brazil is yet sailed. He says also that on the departure of the Venus cartels passed very frequently between France and England, and excited hopes of peace.

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1809 March. Tuesday 278. S.E. breeze with thick weather and small rain, as in winter. Employed writing letters for Madame D'Arifat, in case she should be taken with her family, during their projected voyage to Bourbon, and carried to the Cape of Good Hope. My friend M. Pitot writes me that two cartels are expected from India; that Spanish America had declared itself for Ferdinand VII, and received the English as allies; that the Greyhound frigate was lost at Manilla, and the crew had surrendered themselves to the Spaniards. He tell me also from captain Hamelin, that all the officers of the Geographe and Naturaliste, but particularly M.M. Hamelin and Perron, had made applications to the marine minister for my liberation; and that the minister had several times answered, that an order had been sent out for that purpose. It was known, nevertheless, in France at the departure of the Venus (10 Nov 1808) that I was still detained, and capt. Hamelin did not know whether new orders would be soon sent out or no. It appears that the French Emperor had given a considerable sum towards the publication of their voyage of discovery, in which, according to captain Hamelin the most honourable mention is made of me, and the line of separation between the French discoveries and mine marked with the most scrupulous justice.
Wednesday 29. Small rain at times. Copying music for Mad. D. to take to Bourbon for Mad. Desbasns.
Thursday 30 Etly breeze with cloudy weather. Went to dine at Palma. Passed this evening at chess and musick with the amiable ladies of that house.
Friday 31. Fresh eastly. wind with small rain at times and cold, almost as in winter. Returned to the Refuge to breakfast. Wrote a letter to my friend Ch. Desbassayns at Bourbon
Saturday April 1. Small rain at times and cold, with fresh eastly. wind. My friend Pitot came to visit me this evening. I do not learn any other important intelligence than that the English have taken possession of Macao; to which I may add, the death of Gov. King in England whom I sincerely regret, but have still hopes that it may not be true
Sunday 2. Fine weather. We all went to dine with M. Chazal to celebrate the birthday of his two children, the families Chevreau and Chermont were there. M. Pitot left us in the evening
Monday 3. Fine weather. wind Etly. Tuesday 4. Same weather: Musick my principal occupation and reading a Scots Magazine for Jan to June 1807, lent me by my friend Pitot
Wednesday 5. Fine weather and nearly calm. Capt. Lynne informs me that he cannot obtain permission to quit the island in any way, nor yet to live in the country. The cartel for Brazil is not yet sailed
Thursday 6. Fresh N.E. breeze with cloudy weather. Visited Mr. and Mrs. Chazal in the afternoon and stayed to supper. - Friday 7. Fine weather: light N.E. breeze. Reading the Corinne, a new novel of Mad. de Staël, and practicing a little upon the flute
Saturday 8. Went to dine at the Menil with Mr. Airolles, in company with Mr. Chevreau: we found there M.M. LaGrave and Barry. Mr. A. had the goodness to offer me a residence with him during the absence of our family at Bourbon. After dinner I went to Palma in the expectation of meeting there my friend Pitot, and M.M. Desvaux (musian) and Catoire: but found that a second attack of the gravelly colic had confined him to his bed. Passed the evening agreeably with the ladies
Sunday 9. Returned to Vacoua to breakfast, for the purpose of accompanying our family to dine with Mr. and Mrs. Chevreau; where we found a large party and staid to supper.

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1809 April Monday 10 Fine weather. Our family making preparations for their journey to town on Wednesday morning previously to embarking for Bourbon. (See priv. lett. book at this date.) Our neighbours Chevreau came to take leave of our good family and Mr. Labauve came in the evening
Tuesday 11. Cloudy weather, with rain at noon. Dined early, and afterwards I accompanied the family on their way to town, where they are to be rejoined by the two sons, my young scholars from Moka. Returned to sup and pass the evening with Mrs. and Mrs. Chazal who obligingly invited me to pass several days with them. My project is to go to Tamarinds and take up my quarters with Mr. Labauve, so soon as I shall be assured that our ladies are certainly embarked; in the mean time, I pass my time at the Refuge and with our neighbours Chazal and Chevreau I accompanied my friends halfway to the town and then took an affectionate leave of them
Wednesday 12. Fine weather: After breakfast I returned to the Refuge to put myself and things in order and to write letters; after which I went to dine with Mr. Chazal where I found M. and Mrs. Chevreau. A letter from Mad. D. informs me of the safe arrival of her and her family in town, and of the health of Mad. Curtat being in a fair way of re-establishment
Thursday 13. Fine weather. After breakfast I quitted M. Chazal, and passing by Mr. Boistel's to whom I paid a visit, and engaged him to meet me at dinner at Mr. Chevreau's, returned to the Refuge to write my letters for the town.
It is long since any vessel has arrived even from Bourbon; and it is generally believed that there are English cruizers between the two islands and to windward. In this case it is very possible that our family may return back to Vacoua instead of embarquing for Bourbon. Went to dine with Mr. Chevreau. In the evening went a shooting, but although hares are tolerably abundant at this time we killed nothing
Friday 14. Fine weather. Rose early and went a shooting with our party of yesterday; but only one hare was killed and that eaten by the dogs. Breakfasted with Mr. Chevreau, and returned to write letters to our family at Tamarind and the town. Went back to dinner and in the evening we killed a hare
Saturday 15. Fine. Yesterday a ship was signaled to leeward, which this morning was out of sight: it is probably an English ship cruizing between the two islands. Went to dine with Mr. Chazal, and in the evening went to Palma to meet my friend Pitot. We passed a very agreeable evening. Sunday 16. The red flag hoisted upon the hills, with a pendant showing the English ship to be cruizing between the port and the black river. Passed the day in musick, and particularly the evening, when some quatuors and opera airs were sung by two ladies and four gentlemen. M.M. Merlo and Robillard with their ladies visited the family Perichon in the evening after supper. The evening finished by dancing a round made by my friend Pitot upon the occasion, and the air by Ed. Perichon.
Monday 17. My friend set off early to town, and I returned to Mr. Chazal's where I passed the day in musick and at chess. Letters from the town inform me, that Mad. D'Arifat gives up all hopes of her voyage to Bourbon if it should appear that the English cruizers

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1809 Monday 17. continued
are determined to keep near the island, and they were signaled the whole of this day
Tuesday 18. Cloudy weather. The English cruizers out of sight, but at 9 oclock they were signaled to be in the same station as on Sunday. Returned back to the Refuge to write to Madame D'Arifat - (I forgot to observe that the French cartel sailed for Brazil the 12th. of this month: My packet for adm.Bertie and several letters is are in the hands of one of the prisoners)
Dined with Mr. Chevreau who had returned from the town yesterday. It appears that he had conversed with some of the officers about the general, upon my situation; and he told me, that they were persuaded that it was my own fault that I had not been set at liberty long since; by which I suppose they mean, that had I acknowledged myself to be in fault when I had committed none, and begged humbly as a favour that to which justice gave me a right, the general would probably in his great goodness have let me go. But in any case, supposing the opinion of these officers to be just correct, my first imprisonment was an act of injustice even according to their manner of considering the subject.- It appears that Mad. D'Arifat is not yet convinced that the ship or ships seen are English cruizers, and that she proposes to still pass some few days in town in the hope of finding a vessel that will sail to Bourbon.
Wednesday 19. Cloudy weather. Breakfasted at home for the second time since the absence of our family. The rain coming on at noon, deferred my visit to Mr. Chazal, and passed the whole day at home, principally in reading the Archives littéraires
Thursday 20. Cloudy but tolerably fine weather. It appears that the English cruizers are out of sight, they write from the town that two ships were seen; but have much difficulty in believing that they are English, although they have been in sight five days without searching to gain the port. I keep up a daily correspondence with my friends in the town
After breakfast went and passed the day with Mr. and Mrs. Chazal, and slept there
Friday 21. Fine weather returned to the Refuge after breakfast to write my letters. Nothing signaled this morning. It appears that no vessel can be obtained for a passage to Bourbon, and that our family will probably be obliged to return to the Refuge. Went to dine with Mr. Chazal where I met M. Chevreau. Passed the day at chess. Weather rainy in the afternoon.
Saturday 22. Fine weather. Returned back at sun rise. Had a visit from M. Des Fosses our new neighbour.- A French brig signaled to windward, which signal was afterwards changed for that of an enemy to windward of the port or before it, and the same signal was kept up during the whole of the day, which makes me think that it is an English brig come as a cartel upon some particular commission. My young friend Aristide writes me from the town that the frigates La Venus and Caro la Manche, with the small vessels Entreprenant and Créole had been visited by the general and were to go out in search of the English ships, as this evening. Passed the day with our neighbour Chevreau, from whom I have received much friendly attention since the departure of Madame De'Arifat for the town. Weather remarkably fine and cool.

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1809 April. Sunday 23. Very fine weather. The English ship at a distance, waiting perhaps the answer to the communication she has made. At noon I learned from the town, that the French brig signaled yesterday morning had arrived in port, and that the Enemy signaled immediately afterwards were three ships, but with whom no communication had taken place. This reappearance of the English cruizers had determined Mad. D'Arifat to renounce her projected voyage to Bourbon, and she sent orders today, for the requisite blacks and horses to transport her family and things back to the Refuge.
Dined with M. Chevreau where I met Mr. and Mrs. Chazal. Raining weather most of the afternoon.
Monday 24. Fine weather. The English ships out of sight. Wrote to M.M. Pitot and Lynne and sent away at noon 2½h. past noon the blacks and beasts for Mad D'Arifat and her family: weather raining from noon till about 4'oclock, the same as on these last several days. Passed the whole of the day at home. Reading Sonninis voyage (Egypt) English translation, and Philidor on the game of chess. No answer yet given to my request of the 8 or 9 for permission to go to town.
Tuesday 25. Morning fine as usual, with light airs from the eastward. At 91/2 my good hostess and her family arrived from the town, having no present prospect of executing their projected voyage to Bourbon. The embargo pendant still kept up, and it appears the two French frigates and two sloops are not yet gone out. A two-masted vessel is said to have arrived this morning and a ship to have been in sight to windward of the island. Mr. Auguste de la Chaise came to visit our family, and departed after dinner as did M. Labauve.
Wednesday 26. Fine weather, with Etly. breeze. The embargo pendant still kept up. At ten o'clock it was withdrawn and soon after the red flag was hoisted. The signal shewed the cruizers to surround the island in the afternoon from the black river to windward of the Coin de Mire. It appears that the small vessel arrived on Tuesday morning is a schooner sailed from New York the 13January. He speaks of a battle in Spain in which the French emperor was victorious. There is no intelligence of Mr. Bickham who is daily expected from New York
Thursday 27. Fine weather. Find myself with a sore throat this morning. The red flag alone; but in the afternoon the English were signaled to be cruizing to windward of the port. Paid a visit to Mr. and Mrs. Desfosses, our new neighbours. Fresh S.E. Breeze and cool weather
Friday 28. Mod. breeze from S.E. with showers at times. Red flag alone. Went to dine by invitation with Mr. Chevreau where I met the families Chazal and Chermont, M M. Ant. Couve and Adolphe Bouchet. Had a violent dispute with Chazal, who reproached the English government with injustice and inhumanity in a most prejudiced manner, and even with crimes that I shewed him it was the French and not the English government that had committed them. This is not the first instance I have seen of this gentleman's animosity and egoism; and I think, that if there is a second person in the island who would have treated me as general DeCaën has done, I thi notwithstanding the kindness and hospitality I have personally received from Chazal, it is he who would be capable of it. Rainy weather during the whole day, at intervals. Supped, and returned home by moonlight
Saturday 29. Fresh breezes and squally weather. The red flag still alone. At 11 it was replaced by the embargo pendant. After dinner visited Madame Chazal, where I passed the evening at musick and chess. Returned by moonlight after supper: weather tolerably fine

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1809 April Sunday 30. Fresh Etly. breeze with cloudy weather. Embargo pendant still up. No news as yet of the meeting of the French division lately gone out of the port, with the English cruizers. In the afternoon the embargo pendant was taken down. Finished an history of China and of L. Macartney's embassy in English; and began Le Sages adventures of don Cherabin de la Ronda, batchelor of Salamanca in French.
Monday May 1. Mod. breezes with fine weather. nothing signaled, nor is anything arrived from Bourbon since March 27. Light squalls of rain in the afternoon.
Tuesday 2. Fine weather and nearly calm. Accompanied our family and Mad. Chevreau on an afternoon's visit to Mr. Chermonts', a small habitation in the midst of the woods. Received a lettre from Mr. Laroche Souvestre asking me for a letter of introduction to India, with which circumstances prevent me from complying. He sent me letters of recommendation he had obtained from Lt. Owen, to read, hoping I suppose that I should follow his example; two of these letters, one of which was also signed by captain Woolcombe: Two of these letters were written in a bombastic style, boasting of the superiority of English over Frenchmen, and abusing the French government and its adherents; and in my opinion highly improper to be borne by a French subject whatever may be his private sentiments.
Wednesday 3. Cloudy weather with light Etly. winds. Answered Mr. Souvestre's letter as in private letter book of this date. I preserve Mr. S's letter to me as a curiosity. Went to dine at Mr. Chazal's, where I met the families Chevreau and Lachenardiere. Returned after supper. Rainy during the whole afternoon
Thursday 4. Cloudy weather. Two vessels signaled to windward this morning: a great rarity at this time, but they will probably turn out to be cruizers. The signals withdrawn in the P.M.
Friday 5. Fine weather with light Etly. winds. This morning the same two vessels signaled to windward and two other ships to leeward. The only certain information which the brig from New York brings seems to be, that the Americans have wholly shut their ports to all the belligerent powers; and that the British government has sent an answer in the end of October to the propositions of France and Russia, but nothing was known either of the propositions or of the answer. In November however it is said, that communications across the Channel were frequent. Raining in the afternoon. Capt. Lynne tells me that he does not hope to be exchanged until an answer to the proposition made by general De Caen to admiral Bertie shall be received: to renew with him the cartel for the exchange of prisoners which had been made with commodore Osborn
Saturday 6. Cloudy weather with strong S.E. breeze and rain at times. Nothing signaled this morning. Employed copying an abridged narrative of my voyage and imprisonment in French, after its having been corrected by my friend Pitot. Weather fine and fresh. I am informed by the desire of Mr.
Sunday 7 Light .S.E.. breeze with fine cold weather. A brig signaled to leeward Monistrol, that he had no favorable answer to make to my request (made a month since) to go to town; and that he wished in future I would commission some friend to learn privately whether my request could be granted before making a publick application. Why this, I do not know.

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1809 May Sunday 7. Fine weather with light S.E. breeze. A brig to leeward signaled this morning; but there have been so many vessels signaled lately, which have disappeared afterwards, that it is most probable, this brig is also an English cruizer. Instead of keeping close in with the island, the cruizers have from the Cape have adopted the plan of keeping at a distance, frequently out of sight and this manner of cruizing appears to be very disagreeable to the inhabitants
Monday 8. Fine weather. I judge by the mountains that the French brig signaled yesterday is arrived in the port. Went to dine with Mr. Chevreau by invitation, where I found Mr. and Mrs. Lachenardiere and Chazal. Rainy in the evening. We learn from the town that the vessel arrived this morning is the Gazelle from St. Malo, sailed Dec. 28. The Pactole and Caroline sailed from hence in Sept last had arrived. The news is, that Bonaparte had arrived at Madrid Dec.4 and caused his brother Joseph to be crowned there, after having defeated the Spaniards and English in two battles.
Tuesday 9. Dined again today with Mr. Chevreau. Fine in the morning, rainy in the afternoon, fine in the evening
Wednesday 10. Light N. E. airs and cloudy. Weather less fresh. This morning Mr. Labauve arrived from the town conducting his sister Delphine. We have today at dinner the families Lachenardiere, Chevreau, and Chazal, and Mr. Duval, lately become our neighbour. Reading the secret history of the court and Cabinet of St. Cloud. Recd. 5 volumes numbers of the Monthly Repertory up to October 1808, which I judge my friend Pitot has received by the Gazelle.
Thursday 11. Fine weather with light N.E. airs which continued throughout the day. Employed as usual since the return of Madame D'Arifat from the town with my two young scholars in navigation; In reading the secret history and the Monthly Repertories. A state brig arrived yesterday in the evening and other vessels are signaled this morning, from which it appears that our cruizers are no longer in the neighbourhood of this island
Friday 12. Light N.Wtly. airs and cloudy weather. Several vessels signaled this morning. It should seem that our cruizers are no longer in the vicinity of this island. At noon I learned that the Entreprenant had arrived from Bourbon and that the French division had departed from thence for Madagascar, having seen nothing of our cruizers. Among the vessels signaled today is a ship of the state. Passed the evening and supped with Mr. Chevreau. In the night, the wind S.Wtly. with heavy rain.
Saturday 13. Cloudy weather: wind Stly. same ship signaled as yesterday. Went to dine with Mr. Chevreau. Returned early in the evening to learn the contents of letters received from Bourbon. The red flag hoisted this evening. Weather rainy in the night with thunder and lightening
Sunday 16. Embargo pendant, and afterwards a State ship signaled; from whence it appears that the mountains are bewildered to know what the frigate to leeward is. Went to Tamarinds to see Mr. Labauve, and M. Curtat who had come from the town to pass a day with him. Learnt in the evening the arrival of La Bellone a large frigate sailed from St. Malo the 21 Jan. last with marine stores. The younger brother of General De Caen is an officer on board, and had disembarked the evening before with dispatches, la Bellone being chased by one of our frigates
Monday 15. Fine weather. Returned back to the Refuge, having given to M. Curtat the abridged narrative of my voyage, shipwreck and imprisonment to be read by him and by Mr. B.M-s Stopped at Palma in passing, and learned from Mr. Cap-martin that he had received a letter from captain Bergeret, dated Dec. 20 1808. He was not then em-

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1809 - Monday 15 continued
-employed but expected to be so very shortly, and to be advanced soon after. On arriving at the Refuge, received letters from my friend Pitot and the gazette extraordinary. Which says that the Diamond has arrived, but that of the Pactole not certain. Fortunately I had a duplicate of my memoir on board the Diamond, but not a copy of my letters to a M. M. Fleurieu and Bergeret. Heavy rain with thunder and lightening at noon, as yesterday The gaz. ex. gives the 22 bulletins of the French army in Spain, by which it appears that the head quarters were at Benevente, not very far from the frontiers of Portugal. The red flag up all this day: it is even said that the Bellone has had an action with our Nereide, who chased her to the entry of the port.
Tuesday 16. Cloudy weather, with thunder, lightening, and at times rain. The English cruizers at a distance. I learn that the ship of my friend Pitot, the Tilsitt, had sailed from Batavia in February and according to all appearances is taken. Frederick Pitot and Felix Froberville had letters of recommendation from me. Two other ships from hence the Caravane and Ressource had been taken in their passage to Batavia or in the road and a third fourth the Marguerite in the road but retaken by the crew; and it is this last which has arrived and given the above intelligence. Employed reading the Journal de l' Empire for October and November last; at noon sent it back by desire. Very heavy rain from noon to 3 oclock.
Wednesday 17. Light S.Etly. breeze with cloudy weather. Employed with my young scholars. The embargo pendant up this morning. Reading the monthly repertories for 1808.
Thursday 18. Light Etly. airs and fine weather. The cruizers out of sight yesterday and this morning, but soon after noon, they were signaled to windward of the island. Finished the repertories up to Oct. '08 Mesdames Lachenardière and Chevreau visited our ladies. Accompanied them home and stopped to supper
Friday 19. Thick fog this morning. Afterwards fine weather with light airs from Et. Cruizers signaled to windward. Dined with Mr. Chevreau by invitation, with the families Lachenardiere and Chazal, and M.M. Boistel, Bouchet, and P. Loustou. Much rain the afternoon.
Saturday 20. Cloudy weather. Red flag singly. Went to Mr. DeGlos' at the edge of my limits to meet my friend Pitot by appointment. Dined with Mad. DeGlos, and learned in the afternoon that my friend was prevented from meeting me by another attack of the gravel. Mr. DeGlos returned from the town to supper, when I had conversation with him relative to India, Lord Minto, Mr. Boand, and to cap. Hamelin with whom he is particularly intimate. Much rain in the afternoon and at night.
Sunday 21. Cloudy weather. After breakfast returned to the Refuge. Heavy rain with thunder and lightening. Roads very bad, I was badly mounted as usual, and got thoroughly wet. It appears that the cruizers consist of a 64 and four frigates and sloops; but they appear to be absent distant today Weather fine in the afternoon, after the rain, and continued so all night.
Monday 22. Fine fresh weather. The red flag replaced at 10 o'clock by the embargo pendant, which was also withdrawn soon after noon. Nothing else signaled throughout the day

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1809 May Tuesday 23. Fine cool weather as yesterday, with light north eastwardly winds. Accompanied our family upon an evenings visit to Mr. Chazals, whom I found more amicably disposed towards me than lately
Wednesday 24. Very fine weather. The cruizers still out of sight, and nothing is arrived since. Wind northwardly, and in the evening at N.W. with cloudy weather. Employed with my young scholars in passing a second time over the navigation I have taught them; and in reading the Traité élémentaire de Physique of Haüy. Rainy during the night
Thursday 25. Fresh breeze from N.W. with rainy weather. Finer in the afternoon.
Friday 26. Cloudy weather with light Ntly. breeze. My friend Pitot whom I did not expect to see till tomorrow came to see me and passed the day. He brought me French gazettes up to Jan. 7 and three number of the Annales des voyages, published by the learned Dane Malte-Brun at Paris
Saturday 27. Fine weather. Accompanied my friend Pitot on his return to town, as far as Mr. DeGlos' where we breakfasted and separated. Went to visit M.M. St. Susanne, colonel of the regiment here, and Lachenardière who live together. In the afternoon M. and Mrs. Chevreau arrived Played several parties at tric-trac. Weather very fine but the roads still bad. The English cruizers signaled to windward of the island.
Sunday 28. Very fine cool weather. Wind light and S.Etly. The red flag replaced by the embargo pendant which was afterwards withdrawn, and a French frigate signaled
Monday 29. Cloudy weather but fine. We learned that the Canonnière and Laurel are arrived, having had many sick on board in consequence of their visit to Batavia. Passed the day in reading the annales des voyages, and in playing at chess and tric-trac.
Tuesday 30. Cloudy weather, but fine. Wind Etly. In the evening accompanied the families Lachenardière and St. Susanne and Mad. Chevreau to supper at Mr. LeLannes' a near neighbour, where we met with Madames Remi and Malher her daughter and law Mad. Malherbe, a pretty woman who has the reputation of being a coquette. Passed the evening agreeably; mostly in little childish plays such as schif, schnof, schorum, making grimaces &c. Weather fine
Wednesday 31. Fresh breezes and fine but cloudy weather. wind Etly These two days a ship signaled to windward, without making herself known. I had proposed visiting M.M. Martin-monchamp and Cazeaux before returning, but neither of these gentlemen being at their habitation, on quitting M.M. St.Susanne and Lachenardière I took the road to Palma in order to see Mr. Cap-martin who has been long ill, and to spend a day with the family Perichon. Arrived at Palma at noon and found the family somewhat alarmed at the illness of M. Capmart. and of M. Perichon senior. Spent the rest of the day there and Slept. The English cruizer signaled
Thursday June 1st. The red flag hoisted again this morning. Breakfasted at 11 o'clock and departed for Vacoua, but stopped at Mad. Chazals' in passing where I found Mad. D'Arifat and her family on a visit for the day. M. Jean Loustou, half brother of M. Chazal dined with us, and conversed much upon my situation of which he seemed totally ignorant, which did not much surprise, knowing that my good friend Chazal never took sufficient interest in my situation to make it a subject of conversation with his family. Returned back to the Refuge in the evening

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1809 June Friday 2. Cloudy weather with squalls of small rain. The red flag replaced this morning by the embargo pendant for a short time. Employed with my young scholars in navigation
Saturday June 3. Fine weather, with light E.S.E wind. Reading Haüys Traité élémentaire de Physique
Sunday 4. The birthday of my gracious sovereign George III. May he enjoy health and happiness. Fine weather. We heard several guns fired this morning without knowing the cause, but suppose it possible that it may be some news brought by a ship signaled yesterday and perhaps arrived in the night. Learned afterwards that it was for the Fête Dieu. Went to dine by invitation with Mr. Curtat at his habitation of Keroan, where I met M. Barbe-Marbois and a large company. In the evening went to visit Mr. and Mrs. Cazeaux. Two ships signaled to windward
Monday 5. Fresh Ntly. breezes with cloudy weather. Passed the day with Mr. and Mrs. C, and played three rubbers at whist in the evening with some neighbours who came to supper.
Tuesday 6. N.E. breezes with rainy weather in the morning, afterwards finer. Had some conversation with Mr. Cazeaux upon the subject of my detention; and I learn that it had been asserted that the general had given me liberty to depart long since, but that I had refused it until the English and French governments had decided upon the justice or injustice of my detention. Went to dine with Mr. and Madame Burgeuse, near neighbours but not friends of M. Cazeaux. I was received with much cordiality by this ancient officer of the old French marine, who conserves the manners of the rough seaman. Returned back to Mr. Cazeaux's in the evening and beat him at piquet.
Wednesday June 7. Wind N.Etly. with heavy weather; on its clearing up a little, set off for Moka, on a visit of two or three days, and arrived at Mad. Lachaise's at noon, where I found Mrs. and Miss Dumouhy. Small rain at times during the rest of the day. A Mr. Prieur possessor of a neighbouring habitation came in the afternoon, and appeared very attentive to Miss Dumouhy, who is a fine young woman of 20 or 22. Her brother Dumouhy called in the evening to see me
Thursday 8. Finer weather: wind eastwardly. Dined with Mr. Froberville who confirmed to me the report generally credited that I had been permitted to depart, but had been refused until the two governments should have decided upon the justice or injustice of my detention. Returned back in the evening to the house of Mad. La Chaise, and passed the evening principally at piquet.
Friday 9. Dull weather with small rain. Quitted the house of Mad. La Chaise, and went to dine breakfast with Mr. Huguenin where I was received with such kindness. It appears that an officer of the Indian army named Gibson, had passed two months at Moka, and given general satisfaction. After breakfast, set off for Vacouas, but stopped to dine on the way with M.M. St. Susanne and Lachenardière. Arrived late at Vacouas, fatigued in consequence of the bad roads and being obliged to walk a considerable part of the way. Found my good friends at the Refuge in health; and thus finished my visits amongst these persons who have shown me the most civility and friendship, the last perhaps that I shall make them, the first ship from France being probably that which will will bring some definitive order concerning me

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1809 June
Saturday 10. Dull cloudy weather. The red flag up this morning, as it was yesterday and the day preceding. The cruizers it seems keep to windward and mostly out of sight. A letter from my friend Pitot informs me, that the sole ship taken by the Canonnière and Laurel during their long cruize, was is that which had on board 220 of the company of the Greyhound shipwrecked at Manilla. Paid a short visit to our neighbours Chevreau who propose to follow Mad. Chazal to town shortly. At noon Received an appointment to meet my friend Pitot at Palma, but the rain which began at noon did not permit me to accept it for today. In the evening Mr. Labauve came to visit us, with the intention of dining at Palma tomorrow
Sunday 11. Rainy during the whole night and this morning, with a light breeze from the N.W. and thick weather. The bad weather and roads prevented me from going to Palma as I wished. Mr. Labauve dined with us and returned to Tamarinds in the afternoon.
Monday 12. Cloudy weather. Red flag up yesterday afternoon and this morning. Learned that notwithstanding the bad weather my friend Pitot had been at Palma. At noon, went there to see Mr. Capmartin, of whose health we have ha alarming accounts. I was not able to see him, but learned from the physician, M. Robert, that his illness the bloody flux was at an alarming height. Passed the evening at Palma
Tuesday 13. Fine weather, Returned on foot to the Refuge to breakfast, having previously learned that poor Cap-martin had passed a bad night. The cruizers signaled from the Black river to the port and thence to windward. I judge that they have or are about to send in a flag of truce.
Wednesday 14 Fine weather with a mod. Etly. wind The cruizers still signaled to be before the Port. Received a letter from Mr. R.P.F. Brereton, midshipman of the Sea-Flower, upon parole in the town, who claims me for his cousin, saying that a near relation of my uncle had married his aunt; but I have no knowledge of this relationship, unless his aunt was the first wife of Mr. Hursthouse, our cousin. Wrote to Mr. Perichon to learn intelligence of the state of Mr. Cap-martin and learned that he was at least no worse.
Thursday 15. Fine cool weather, with light S.E. breeze. I was awaked between four and five this morning by an express from my friend Pitot, informing me that captain Lynne had called upon yesterday evening to say, that a cartel of exchange was established with the English cruizers, and that all the prisoners had received orders to embark be ready to embark as this afternoon. Wrote a letter to my wife, and inclosed it in a letter to captain Lynne with a copy of my letter of Nov. 22 1808 to admiral Bertie and sent them away at six oclock,: that they might arrive in time. The cruizers signaled to be before the port. Sent a messenger with a letter to Palma to inquire after the health of my poor friend Cap-martin. The answer gave a very alarming account, but Mr. Chevreau, who paid us a visit with Mr. Chazal in the afternoon, and who had dined at Palma seen him the day before, did not think him in any immediate danger Weather cold, with a fresh S.E. wind, and small rain in the evening. The cruizers before the port during the whole of this day.

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1809 June
Friday 16. Fresh S.E. wind with fine cold weather. The cruizers signaled to windward of the island A letter from my friend Pitot informs me that the Tilsitt has in effect been taken by our cruizers, as also a coasting vessel. The French officer who had been on board learned that La Semillante had been chased by two frigates but had arrived at Nantz. It appears that the exch conditions of the exchange of prisoners had not been determined yesterday afternoon noon, nor had the English officers in the town any certainty of liberty. Captains Woolcombe and Lynne give but a bad account to Mr. Brereton, my soi-distant cousin. It appears from the report of the cruizers, that the rear guard of the English army in Spain had either been destroyed or taken by the French, but that the body had embarked
Saturday 17. Light eastwardly winds with thick weather and small rain. During a clear interval in the afternoon saw that the cruizers were still before the port, which gives me hopes that the exchange of prisoners will still take place
Sunday 18. Mod. E.S.E. wind with cool and fine weather. The cruizers signaled to extend from the port to the windward of the island. Mr. and Mrs. Chevreau dined with us for the last time before our departure for Tamarinds to pass the rest of the winter. Paid a visit to Mr. and Mrs. Desfosses. No news from the town yesterday or today, so that I know not whether the exchange of prisoners has or will take place. It is said however that there are no less than nine ships cruizing, which are probably the old and new cruizing squadrons united.
Monday 19. Light N.E. breeze, with dull weather and small rain. In the evening I accompanied our family to Tamarinds, to take up our residence with Mr. Labauve. In passing by Palma, sent to enquire what news there was of Mr. Cap-martin who has been transported to the town, and learned that he was still very ill and that a consultation of physicians was to be held upon his case today.
Tuesday 20. Light eastly. winds and fine weather. The cruizers signaled before the port, and thence to the coin de mire. It should appear that the captain-general will make no exchange with the squadron but I have yet no certain intelligence of what has or will take place on that head, my friend Pitot not having written to me these last few days. Mr. B. dined with us today
Wednesday 21. Do. weather. The cruizers in the same place as yesterday. It does not appear to be well known how many there are of them, but no account says less than seven. Weather Rainy in the afternoon
Thursday 22. Nearly calm with fine weather. Employed correcting the abridged journal of my voyage and imprisonment for the purpose of making a new copy; and with my young scholars in geometry. In the afternoon paid a visit to Madame Suasse. Fresh S.E. breeze
Friday 23. Mod. S.E. wind with fine weather. The cruizers signaled to be off the Port and from thence to the Coin de mire; though it does not appear that any flags of truce have lately passed, the general, it is said, having refused to send the prisoners to the squadron, but will send them to the Cape in a cartel
Saturday 24. Fresh Etly. wind with fine weather. Cruizers still in the same place. Learn today from the town that Mr. Cap-martin who had been convalescent, had still still a return of his flux.
Sunday 25. Early this morning Mad. D'arifat and her two daughters set off for Flacq, to be present at the lying in of her daughter in law. Mr. Labauve accompanied them to town, I and I remained in charge of my two young scholars. Employed writing a fair and correct copy of my journal A letter from captain Lynne informs me that the Calcutta was appointed to go as a cartel to the Cape under the command of Mr. Quinot, and that the prisoners were to be sent in her; but it is thought she will not sail before the end of September when all the ships for France would be gone. The Canonnière is to be armed en flute, freighted, and sent.

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1809 June Sunday 25 continued
Went with my young scholars to dine with Mr. Suasse by invitation. Strong Etly. winds with light squalls at times.
Monday 26. Mod. breeze with fine weather. The letter of captain L. also informs me that Lt. Owen commander of the Sea-Flower was permitted to quit the Grand Riviere prison to be upon his parole in the town with the other officers. He gives me a very bad character of Mr. Brereton, who had pretended to be my relation, and to whom I have advanced 50 dollars, knowing he must be in want, the midshipmen having no more than 14 dollars per month allowed them. In the evening, Paid a visit with my young scholars to Mad. Duguilio. Squally weather: wind Etly.
Tuesday 27. Wind Etly. with light squalls at times. The English cruizers still before the port and to windward of the island. Employed with my young scholars in geometry and the English language, and in making a new copy of my journal
Wednesday 28. Light Etly. winds with fine weather. The cruizers before the port &c. as yesterday; and at noon others appeared between the two islands. I learn that they sent in a flag of truce yesterday morning with a French lady taken in L'Agile from St. Malo six days ago. It appears that the Pactole and Caroline from this place have been also taken. The bills of exchange drawn by this government upon that of France some time since, it appears have not yet been paid. This vessel had sailed from France on March 13. at which time Bonaparte at returned to Paris. This last circumstance augments my hopes of a second and positive order for my liberation being given.
Thursday 29. Wind light from N.E. with cloudy weather, and occasional showers. Today I learned that my friend Mr. Ch. Baudin had been promoted, and made member of the legion of honneur, which gives me some hopes of his efforts for my liberty or transmission to France being crowned with success; on the other hand, the war that it appears is now made upon Germany and Turkey by France and Russia militates against me, as against all European man-kind. Our cruizers it appears have taken in Europe two ships from Bourdeaux, destined for this island. A French prisoner is said to have got on shore after four hours swimming from the Néreide. According to his account, the cruizers consist of the Leopard 50, the frigates Iphigenia, Clorinde, and Néreide, and five sloops of war, nine in the whole. The French lady landed on Tuesday, has it appears brought some letters and gazettes. Capt. Corbet would not send the other intercepted letters on shore, as is pretended, because no thanks were expressed for those he before sent from Le Henry. - A letter from Lt. Owen, late commander of the Sea Flower, gives me a bad character of young Brereton, but offers to repay the sum I have advanced to that young man
Friday 30. Light Etly. winds with fine weather. The cruizers signaled to be all along the west side of the island. Wrote an answer to Lieut. Owen as per priv. let. book. Employed upon the copy of my journal, and with my young scholars. In the afternoon saw a frigate pass about two leagues from the land, steering to the S.Wward. probably to speak the vessels which cruize between the two islands. We had the visit of Mr. Herbeck, to dinner
Saturday July 1. Fresh eastly. winds. Breakfasted early, and went with the three brothers Labauve on an excursion to the valley of Tamarinds; but the difficulty of travelling along the great blocks of slippery rock in the bed of the river, or in the scrubby woods on the banks, prevented us from going further than the entrance to the two high precipices which form the entrance, and where I supposed to have been the original and sole cascade of the river. In the rocky banks, I saw many strata nearly perpendicular: the stone resembling the usual stone of the country in some measure, but is brittle and breaks in perpendicular lines. Saw also some few red stones. which I suppose to be argillaceous and coloured by iron. It is a remark worthy of observation, that all the blocks of stone found buried in the earth, are of a rounded form & more or less honeycomed, go particularly the blacker kind. These appear to have concreted and hardened in the earth itself. On the surface, the great stones which cover the ground have for the most part sharp edges, having been broken, I think, by their fall after having been thrown out from the volcanos of which the island contains so many remains.

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1809 July Saturday 1 contd.
Flacq, and good health of Mad. D'Arifat and her two daughters. Also of a duel between M. M. Barbe de Marbois et Augustin Baudin, in which one was wounded in the thigh and the other in the arm and body: but no immediate apprehension of danger to either. Both the gentlemen are of my acquaintance, and have shewn me attention and friendship, they quarrelled about some judicial affair
In the after saw repassing towards the port, the frigate that sailed by yesterday, or another. Received a letter from our neighbour, Madam Herbeck, requesting a letter of recommendation for her nephew M. Bertin midshipman of the French Navy, prisoner on board the Néréide, who with the others fear to be sent to the Cape and thence to England. Wrote a letter to the young man himself as by priv. let. book of this date.
Sunday 2. Light Et. winds with fine weather. The cruizers before the port and from thence to the Coin de Mire. Received a letter from Madame de la fitte, daughter of Madame Forrestier, requesting me to write to the commander of the squadron in favour of her brother, taken lately in L'Agile. Answered as per priv. let. book of this date - It appears from these letters, that the if general DeCaen persists in refusing to mak exchange the prisoners in the town for those on board the squadron, that the latter will be sent to England. This has been made known amongst the prisoners on board, and has put them upon writing to their families here. The result of which will I hope be an exchange, and I certainly shall not attempt, even was it in my power, to obtain the release of any prisoner, which might diminish the obligation the general may find himself under of making the exchange. I suspect the commander of the squadron to act expressly in thus making known his intentions to the prisoners, and permitting these letters to come on shore. In the afternoon, Mr. Labauve went to town upon business.
Monday 3. Fresh Et. winds with cloudy weather. Cruizers as yesterday. Employed with my young scholars in Algebra and spheric trigonometry, and myself in writing a new corrected copy of my journal and reading Condillac's modern history in French. Mr. Suasse, commissaire-civil du quartier, came to dine with us today. Small rain at times.
Tuesday 4. Nearly calm, with fine weather. We had the visit of M.M. Duguilio, father and son, in the evening
Wednesday 5. Do. weather. The cruizers signaled from the port to windward of the coin de mire. It is said that the Leopard anchors every night out of shot of the Isle de Tonnelliers. Mr. Herbeck paid me a visit of thanks for the letter I had written to young Mr. Bertin, prisoner on board the Néréide.
Thursday 6. Fresh SS.E. winds, with fine cool weather. Paid a visit to Mr. Boucherville, an old French officer who had served in Canada, and been wounded and made prisoner at the seige of Quebec. He had been to the general to obtain the exchange of his son, a prisoner on board the English squadron, which was promised him if it could possibly be obtained. He was informed by an aid-de-camp, that he had seen my name upon a list of prisoners to be sent away by the cartel; but this I judge this to be a mistake. The cartel is to sail, as the general himself said, in ten or twelve days. Dined with Mr. Suasse, and in the evening visited Madame Labutte. Weather colder today than usual. Judge by the signals that the cruizers have sent in a flag of truce
Friday 7. Light S.E. wind, with cool fine weather. The cruizers remained before the port and to windward the whole day.
Saturday 8. Fresh Etly. wind, with squally weather. Recd. a letter of thanks from Mr. Merlo for the letter written to Mr. Bertin the cruizers on each side of, and before the port. In the evening Mr. Curtat arrived to visit us.
Sunday 9. Light Etly. breeze and fine weather. We had Mr. Lavilléon commander of the ports on this side of the island to dinner. In the evening we paid a visit to Mad. Duguilio. The cruizers before the port, four ships, and to windward during the whole day.
Monday 10. Calm with dull cloudy weather. M.M. Ed. and Th. Pitot came to visit me. It appears that there has been lately no intercourse between the island and the cruizing squadron. They generally keep off the port to the number of 4 or 6, to intercept, as is supposed, the ships coming from France, that the letters by L'Agile may have announced to them.

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1809 July Tuesday 11th. Light Etly. winds with cloudy weather. The English cruizers signaled to be off the south and west sides of the island, but we do not see any of them from Tamarinds. Mr. Lavilleon dined with with us, and afterwards departed with my two friend Pitots for the town.
Wednesday 12. Do. weather. Sent some things to town to be put into my trunks there, preparatory to my departure which I now hope will not be long first. A Cruizers off the Morne, the port, and to windwards. At noon, we saw a small ship pass from the morne to join those off the port. It appears that they have taken a canoe with two free blacks, near the Isle of Tonnelliers, for the purpose apparently of learning intelligence of the ships in the port.
Thursday 13. Nearly calm with fine weather. Cruizers off the port, and to windward. Mr. Labauve, his two brothers, and myself, dined with Mr. Duguilio our neighbour. By the return of my messenger from the town, received 220 dollars, being my credit with Mr. Pitot, except fifty to remain in his hands; also several packets of letters from a trunk in the town, which I employed myself in sorting, and destroying in part
Friday 14. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine. The cruizers as yesterday, there being apparently no communication yet between them and the shore. Employed sorting my letters, and destroying useless papers.
Saturday 15. Fresh Et. breeze with dull weather, and small rain. Cruizers before the port and to windward. Employed writing the copy of my journal, with my young scholars, and reading l'Histoire de la Revolution par Lacretelle. Letters from Flacq inform us of a daughter being born to Mr. Andre D'Arifat. Wrote a letter of compliments to the new father and mother upon the occasion
Sunday 16. Fresh Et. winds with fine weather. Cruizers as yesterday. Employed writing a corrected copy of my journal, which generally occupies me till midnight, the night being the time when I can best write without being disturbed. Reading at intervals the Revolution by Rabaut St. Etienne and Lacretelle. Wrote letters of felicitation to Flacq. Recd. as note from Lt. Owen informing me of the fifty dollars I had advanced to Mr. Brereton being repaid to my agent Mr. Pitot.
Monday 17. Light Et. winds with fine agreeable weather. A ship passed from the Morne Brabant towards the port: she had the appearance of a Merchant ship, but was probably the Charwel, the sloop that captain Lynne was to command.
Tuesday 18. Light Et. breeze with cloudy weather. The cruizers before the port during the whole day. It appears that the island is watched so closely, that nothing can either come in or go out. It is near three months that no news has been received from Bourbon. We had the company of Mr. Défayes at dinner. Learn from Flacq that my good hostess and her family are desirous of returning to us as soon as possible; her daughter in law, and grand daughter, being in a fair way. She tells me of a prisoner who had been taken by an English frigate, the captain of which, named Bench (probably ill written) inquired with much interest after me. An English surgeon in the town has undertaken to ease Miss Froberville and Mad. De Caen of her deafness, and intends to ask, as I am told, permission to see me, as his reward.
Wednesday 19. Light Et. breeze with dull cloudy weather. The English cruizers before the port and to windward. We learn that a small vessel had entered the black river today, which it is hoped may be from Bourbon, whence no intelligence has been received there three two months. The Raisonnable and a frigate joined the cruizers on the 16. but the it does not appear, that any of the former cruizers are yet gone. Poor Mr. Cap-martin, I am informed, is more ill than ever, and in much danger
Thursday 20. Nearly calm with fine weather. Cruizers as yesterday. Telegraphe signals this morning give reason to believe, that some vessel is in sight between the two islands. Employed in Algebra and spheric geometry with my young scholars; and for myself in writing a corrected copy of my journal and reading Lacretelle.
Friday 21. Same weather. Cruizers the same. Paid a visit in the afternoon to Mr. and Mrs. Herbecq. Many telegraphic signals and in the night we heard the guns fired
Saturday 22. Mod. N.Etly. breeze with fine weather. Cruizers before the port. It is said that besides the Raisonnable and frigate there are three other English ships arrived, and that the others are gone, without any flag of truce having passed between them and the island.
Sunday 23. Wind Setly. fresh. Capt. Lynne writes me, that the prisoners have received official information, that they are to embark on board the cartel Aug. 5 and to sail for the Cape on the 8th. M. Quinot commands her. I learn that my poor friend Cap-martin is given over. It appears that a chaloupe charged with provisions, instead of going to the Black River went strait to our cruizers and delivered themselves up. The following night some English boats entered the port and tried to surprise the guard boat. The Island has never been so straitly blocked as since a short time.

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1809. Monday July 24. Fresh S.E. breeze with fine weather. The cruizers, five, before the port. Mr. Labauve arrived this morning, leaving his mother and sisters in town.
Tuesday 25. Squally. A ship passed our coast standing to the southward, and at noon returned steering close along shore past the Black River, Tamarind Bay, and along the reefs back to the port. Wrote to colonel Monistrol (see priv. let. book of this date) to know whether the captain-general would permit my wife to land, should she present herself before the port. This I did more with the desire to know whether there was any intention of letting me go in the cartel for the Cape, or in the Canonnière for France, than with any fixed intention of having my wife come out to rejoin me here.
Wednesday 26. Cloudy weather. Cruizers off the port and to windward. Employed writing the corrected copy of my journal, and with my young scholars in algebra and spheric trigonometry
Thursday 27. Fresh Et. winds with squally weather. Two Three English ships seen off the sandy point called Flicq en Flacq. where it is said they have sometimes taken in water, at the Riv. de Galets de Belle Isle, which falls into the sea in a cascade. This morning Mr. Labauve went to the town to fetch his mother and sisters. Employed upon my journal and as before. Having finished Lacretelles' history of the Revolution, reading la Vie du Prince Potemkin. In the afternoon paid a visit at Mad. Herbecqs, where I learned that the English ships had set on shore 8 free natives of Madagascar, being short of water, and having many sick on board. Seven boats had come on shore, and one of the ships lay quite close to protect them; but seeing soldiers coming to the place to the right and left, and the watering place being exposed from the heights without means of counter-annoyance, the ship called back the boats; after having fired a few shots without doing any mischief. The ships then made sail, one two to off the port, another to the southward: this last afterwards repassed and went off the port also.
Friday 28. Fresh Etly. winds with fine weather. Saw a ship to the south-west. Mad. D'Arifat and her two daughters arrived from the town to breakfast. They spoke much of a Mr. Timon, surgeon of the Sea Flower, who had undertaken to cure Mad. De Caen of her deafness, and who had a great desire to see me. He praised the English pronunciation of my scholar Miss Sophia, and she had not the least difficulty in understanding him. Mr. Labauve told me that at a dinner amongst several respectable inhabitants of the town, the landing of the English was spoken of and their watring at the Riv. Dragon was spoken of, and some one observed that I should do very well to make my escape to them; from thence a discussion arose whether I ought or ought not to consider myself on parole, upon which the opinions were divided. The abbé Carrier said, that such discussion was very improper, and might give a pretext to the government to treat me with some new indignity, "Laissez faire, Monsieur, said he Ce qu'il fera sera bien reflechi, bien pesé "dans la balance, I suis bien sure, et il sera bien fait: Ainsi laissez là "la "discussion." and it dropped there.
Saturday 29. Light winds and cloudy. The cruizers signaled to be cruizing from the Morne Brabant to l'Isle aux cerfs, but we do not see any of them here. At one o'clock I saw a sloop of war lying to directly off the Black River; she afterwards made sail off to the port. This evening we had visitors for the masonic feast of St. John, kept at the lodge in this quarter tomorrow.
Sunday 30. Mod. breezes and fine. Took an early walk to the sea side, but could see nothing of our ships; and they were afterwards signaled to be off the port and to windwards. This evening we had the visit of Mr. and Mrs. Benoni Labutte, accompanied by captain Bourayne, late of the Canonnière. He is allowed to be a brave officer, but he did not much prepossess me in his favour. In the evening we had Mr. Curtat and ten persons from the lodge to sleep here, amongst whom Mr. Magon St. Hellier a judge, Mr. Fort, inhabitant, Mr. Huson whom I had not before seen.
Monday 31. The greater part of our company staid and passed the day.
August Tuesday 1. Light winds with fine. The cruizers before the port and to windward these two days, and remaining quiet. It appears that there are only two there this time, the others being cruizing out of sight of the island. Mr. Lavilleon dined with us. He says that all the officers under the government whose salaries exceeded 50 dollars per month, were reduced for the present. He himself instead of 130 was to receive in future only 50, the rest to be paid when better times should come. It is certain that the island was never so closely blocked as since April last: no prize or ship from France, or almost of any kind has been able to enter. The Caroline French frigate has now been out six months or I believe more, but no prize from her is arrived: The Venus and Manche have been out three nearly four months, without any news of them arriving. It is this state of things, and the consequent stagnation of commerce that disables the government to pay the salaries of so many officers. It does not appear that the English prisoners have suffered any reduction. - I have as yet no answer to my letter of the 25th. last; and I much fear none will be given
Wednesday 2. Fresh Et. wind with cloudy weather. The cruizers from La Savanne to the port and Coin de mere. Employed letters to England both public and private, to be sent by the cartel for the Cape.

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August Thursday 3. Light breezes and fine. Cruizers before the port and to windward. Employed writing my letters for England and the Cape, although I am told that the cartel is not to sail until the 10th. Mr. Duguilio father and son passed the evening with us.
Friday 4 Fresh breezes and fine. Mr. Labauve went to town, and I sent my letters by him. Mr. and Mrs. Suasse, the most estimable of our neighbours, dined with us. In the night, heard a great many guns fired in the direction of the town, which I thought might be our ships attacking the frigate La Bellone, going out upon a cruize. A letter from my friend Pitot says, a dismasted ship was seen to the ENE. in tow by two English frigates; this they fear to be La Caroline of 44 guns, taken. Two Saturday 5. Light airs and fine. Our cruizers before the port ships, a two decker and a frigate have joined the cruizing squadron, so that there are now eight round the island
Saturday 5. Light airs and fine. The cruizers before the port this morning, so that the guns heard in the night were probably not fired at the Bellone. Reading the first volume of Burneys history of discoveries in the South Sea, which had been lent by Mr. Timon, surgeon of the Sea Flower, to our ladies when in town
Sunday 6. Cloudy weather with some rain. By the arrival of Mr. Labauve from the town, I learn that the firing the other night was from the ports at a corvette which had touched upon the reef near the port; with the assistance of many boats and throwing her guns overboard she got off before daylight, and it was not known whether she had received much damage, or whether any men were killed. It appears that the cartel is not to sail before the 10th. or perhaps later. The prisoners were not embarked yesterday, but were ordered to remain in their houses, to prevent, as is thought, their making further observations upon the state of the colony and its force. Captain L. will fulfil my commissions and will write me from the Cape "that the Admiral joins with "him in wishing a speedy arrival from France of orders for me liberty", or otherwise not. Many telegraphic signals today, and we learn at night by a guide passing with letters to the town that the American schooner expected from Bourbon, had arrived at Port Jacotet; but he knew not whether there were at Bourbon any ships arrived from France
Monday 67. Light airs and fine weather. In the night I heard several guns fired in the direction of the port. The English cruizers before the port, and from thence to the Coin de Mire at daylight. At noon, we learned that the Caroline had arrived at Bourbon with two prizes, said to be Company's ships valued at 3 millions of dollars; the first intelligence of this kind is always exaggerated. The Eugenie and Jena from France, sailed in the middle of March, had arrived at Bourbon; the last had been taken by our cruizers at her entry into the road, but her people had escaped with the despatches and as their despatches have doubtless been brought on the American schooner, I have some hopes that an order for my liberation or transmission to France may now be arrived. The private letters from France and Bourbon had not yet been given out arrived in town. This arrival and the immediate sailing of the Gazelle for France prevents my friend Pitot from coming to see me today, as he had proposed. It appears that the bills of exchange drawn by this government have had length been ordered with their agio to be paid; and the news runs, that captain Bergeret had sailed on a cruize from Rochefort with three 74's and three frigates under his command.
Tuesday 10 8th. Fine weather. Two letters from Bourbon announce that Mad. Ch. Desbassayns had been brought to bed of a daughter on May 15 last to the and to the great joy of our family that she and her child were well. Others letters are expected from Bourbon and France. In the evening other letters were received from Bourbon, but not all, and as yet none from France. I had no letter from my friend Pitot, from whom I still, however, hope to receive one or more letters from France, under his address. This is the second day that the captain-general has received his despatches, but as yet I hear nothing. This was the day fixed for the departure of the cartel; but I do not yet learn that the prisoners are embarked. It appears that the guns were fired in town, and placards fixed up announcing the rich prizes at Bourbon, and the payments of the bills of exchange by the government, both which have diffused the greatest joy throughout the island, for the administration here was almost at its last shifs for money.
Wednesday 9. Fine weather. Received a letter from Charles Desbassayns at Bourbon dated Aug. 1. In which he informs me that he had placed for me 1219 68/100 piastres at 18 per cent for this year beginning in April. He promises me that his next child shall be a son, and be called Flinders. It appears that captain Lambert of the Iphigenia, lately from England had landed English newspapers to the end of January; from which it appears that Mexico had declared

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1809 Aug. Wednesday 9 continued - at Tamarinds
itself against France, but what government it had adopted does not yet appear. Rio de la Plate declared itself independent of France and Spain, and proposed to accord priviledges to England. The war with Austria and the north of Europe threatened, but had not taken place. He confirms the value of the the two Indiamen taken by the Caroline to be 3,000,000 of dollars. The prisoners had been well treated, and lived with the inhabitants
At noon, I learned that Martinique and Cayenne were taken by the English, and that the prisoners were not embarked on board the cartel yesterday - Employed with my young scholars, and in reading the Cours d'etude of Condillac
Thursday 10. Light Et. breeze with very fine weather. The cruizers before the port and to windward. It is now many days since they have made any movement. Received some Bourbon gazettes, from which I learn, that there is no certitude of a war between France and Austria; and that Turkey was treating of peace with Russia. It appears that Mr Pitot, under whose address I hoped to receive a letter from Mr. Baudin, had not receive his French letters yet from Bourbon. Mr. John Exshaw writes, that he had written to my wife; and hoped to receive letters from her by the way of Holland which he would forward to me. Mr. Labauve went to dine with Mr. Geneive, whose brother had arrived from France. He could learn nothing from him of what steps the government were likely to take with respect to me.
Friday 11. Fresh breezes & fine. Cruizers before the port.
Saturday 12. Do.-Do. M. Jaques Geneive, lately arrived from France, called to breakfast on his way to town. He had conversed with Mr. Beautemps Beaupré upon my situation, who gave him to understand that I should not be set at liberty until after the voyage of Baudin was published. Nevertheless he learned from others, that I was at liberty to return to England; this was probably said upon the belief that general De Caen would not have dared to resist the order for my liberty. Had some conversation with the captain of the American schooner, who stopped here to breakfast in passing by. He told me that the general had said "he did not know why I was kept a prisoner here", seeming to throw my present detention upon the French government, or upon myself as staying voluntarily. Indeed it seems to be a very generally received opinion not only here but in England that I now remain because I will not depart: how this could have been reported I am at a loss to conceive.
Sunday 13. Fine weather. Having received an appointment from my friend Pitot to meet him at Mr. DeGlos' went there to dinner. I found there Mr. P. senior, his son, Mr. Bayard the judge, and my friend. It seems that the English prisoners in town are in reality all shut up, and guarded very closely; the windows of the house which look towards the town and the sea are even barred up. It is said that their violent language of several, and the indecent conduct of some are the cause of this rigour.+ The cartel is not to sail until after the Canonnière shall be gone, and she is not to sail until October, and perhaps later. +though the more probable opinion seems to be, that the general wished to hinder them from making any observations in the latter part of their stay, and was very glad to find some pretext for doing it. I saw at a distance two vessels, and it is said there are no more at this time cruizing off the port. The ship that got aground near the north end of the island, and was fired at during the whole night nearly of the 5th. is the Sirius frigate: she has been at L'Isle Plate ever since refitting. Spent the evening with Mr. DeGlos, after the departure of the Pitots.
Monday 14. Calm with fine weather. Returned home to breakfast. In the afternoon visited Mr. and Mrs. Herbecq with our family. Saw a sloop of war from thence, about a league in the offing.
Tuesday 15. Very light airs. Saw two boats going apparently from the Black River towards the port, but they were met by one of the cruizers, and were received on board. I do not know whether the boats were English or French.
Employed writing a discussion upon the subject of my imprisonment, as an appendix to my journal; and with my young scholars in spheric trigonometry and navigation
Wednesday 16. Light airs and fine. Cruizers before the port. Thursday 17. Cloudy. Cruizers nearly the same. In the evening saw a ship under full sail steering for Bourbon, and another which crowded all sail after her, about 3 leagues astern. We suppose the first to be the Bellone, and the latter to be an English frigate in Chase.
Friday 18. Fresh breezes and cloudy. Cruizers before the port, and to windward. Employed writing the appendix to my journal
Saturday 19. Varble. with cloudy weather. One of the cruizers went to speak a small vessel about 3 leagues to leeward of the port, but whether French or English, I could not distinguish
Sunday 20. Dull weather with rain; nearly calm. Accompanied our family to dinner at Mr. Suasse's. On our return in the evening, we found Mad. Curtat come to pass a Week at Tamarinds
1809 August - At Tamarinds

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Monday 21. Fresh Etly. breeze with fine weather. Cruizers signaled to be off the port as usual, but I suspect there is only one there at this time. Employed with my young scholars in Spheric trigonometry and navigation, and myself in writing the Appendix to the abriged narrative of my voyage and imprisonment.
Tuesday 22. Light airs and fine weather. André D'Arifat came to pass a few days with us, and we had at dinner Mesdames Suasse and Herbecq. Learned at noon, that a merchant ship from France had arrived in the Grand Port, and that the cruizers had taken an American schooner that sought to gain the island.
Wednesday 23. Calm with dull weather, and rain. Accompanied Mad. Curtat to dine with Mad. Herbecq. The sh vessel arrived in the Gr. Port, brings several passengers, amongst whom Mr. Malherbe to whom I had given a letter on his embarking on the Semillante for France in Nov. last. The intelligence most interesting to me is, that my friend Charles Baudin had delivered my packet to M. Barbé-Marbois, who had gone immediately to the minister to speak to him of my imprisonment; and he says in a letter to his brother "I found that the minister was well informed of the affair, and he told "me that orders to set him at liberty had been addressed to the captain "general, which had without doubt been received The conversation was "sufficiently particular for me to be able to assure you, that this navigator is "much esteemed; but I have no means of guaranteeing to you of the success "of the step which he has taken; even this, which does not signify much, is "only for you". I am now assured that the government at least know that its order has not been put into execution; and am not without hopes that general De Caen will have received fresh orders, which may perhaps been executed. The taken of Martinique, Guadaloupe, et Cayenne by the English is confirmed; the burning of a part of a French squadron under l'Isle d'Aix is spoken of, and the war with Germany to have been commenced and almost terminated by the taking of Vienna by the French after two great battles. The bills of exchange drawn by this government, instead of having been paid in totality, as before said, have been diminished to 70 per cent, of which only 20 per cent has been paid. - The guns were fired at the town in joy of the French victories over the Austrians, but the whole of the news received excites much more sadness than joy.
Thursday 24 Cloudy weather. It seems to be an opinion, arising from the taking of Martinique, Guadaloupe, and Cayenne, that the Isles of France and Bourbon may also be attacked: the month of November is even assigned as the probable epoch of this attack. It is even said that a member of the House of commons demanded of the English ministry why the Isles had not been taken, which had done such mischief to the India commerce; to which it was answered, that orders had been given for the blockade of the islands, until other measures could be taken. Many letters from France are said to contain this intelligence. The vessel arrived is called the Josephine, and sailed from France so late as May 23
Friday 25. Fine weather. Employed writing the appendix to my Narrative and with my young scholars. The abbé Carrier and Mr. Fort dined with us today
Saturday 26. Fine weather with little wind. Mr. André D'Arifat left us to return to Flacq. This afternoon, we heard many guns fired in the direction of the town, said be on the occasion of the Te Deum sung for the victories obtained by the French over the Austrians. An American ship is arrived from New York, said to have sailed in May last; but whether in consequence of the general embargo being raised,- by a particular permission, - or by stealth, is not yet known. I have some hope of receiving letters by this rare occasion, from the British Consul at New York
Sunday 27. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine weather. The cruizers (a ship and a cutter) signaled to be between the port and the Coin de Mire. We had some company at dinner today
Monday 28. Fine weather. Cruizers as before. Employed with my young scholars, and in writing the last chapter of the Appendix to my Narrative: My reading, Condillac's essay sur l'origine des connaissances humaines
Tuesday 29. Fresh Et. wind and fine weather. Mad. Curtat returned to town with Misses Delphine and Sophie D'Arifat, who go to pass a few days with her, on the occasion of a ball given by the merchants and inhabitants of the town. At noon saw a large frigate and a brig, which came from the south- westward, and passed along the coast towards the port; and in the afternoon, saw a third coming in the same direction. This last had a merchant-like appearance, and at dusk, was only abreast of the Baye du Tamarin. At 10 o'clock, counted 14 guns fired at the Black river, probably at the boats of this latter ship, which may have attempted to cut something out there. The moon rose, as the guns began to be fired.

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1809 Aug. Wednesday 30 Fresh estly. winds with hazy weather. We learn this morning, that the guns fired last night were at three boats which the last ship that passed yesterday, sent in to cut out a small brig: they failed in their attempt upon the brig, but carried off a coasting boat or chasse-maree and two of the crew of the brig. The ship steered this morning towards the port, with the coasting boat in tow: It does not appear that the shot of the fort reached any of the boats. An article in the gazette of today, announces that the English ministry had ordered the most strict blockade of these islands; and a proclamation of defiance and contempt on the part of general De Caen is also given.
Thursday 31. Strong east wind with haze. The cruizers before the port this morning. Recd. a request from Mr. Robles of a letter of recommendation for Mr. Lagrave, an inhabitant going to France; but I have already given perhaps too many of these letters, and find myself obliged to refuse them to all persons except such as are distinguished by superior literary talents, or by eminent services rendered to English prisoners. In the evening saw a corvette followed by a chasse-marée working up near the port.
Friday Sept. 1. Mod. Et. wind with fine wr. Went shooting in the afternoon to the other side of the Tamarin River: we saw a few partridges but shot nothing
Saturday 2. Light winds and fine. The cruizers from the Black River to the Coin de Mire. We learn that the cruizers had sent in a flag of truce with the patron of the chasse-marée who was wounded and two women. The cruizers are said to have taken lately an American ship, and another vessel supposed to be a prize of La Venus.
Sunday 3. Fresh breezes and cloudy. Cruizers from the Morne Brabant to the Coin de Mire. Accompanied Mad. D'Arifat to dinner at Mr. Herbecq's, where we met M.M. Desfayes, Jackson, and Ray: the two latter were before unknown to me. The cruizers are said to have taken two American ships before the port. Mad. D'Arifat received a letter from France (by what means is unknown) from her sister Mad. Haumont to whom she had addressed a letter, requesting her to try, by the means of her friends, to make the peculiar hardship of my case known. She had applied to the director of la caisse d'amortissement, who answered, that if the government had approved of the conduct of general De Caen, no person dared to make my representation upon the subject; and she learnt from others that such was the dread of incurring the displeasure of the government, that it would be impossible to find anyone who would undertake to make known the true state of my case.
Monday 4. Mod. Et. winds and cloudy weather. The cruizers from the port to the Coin de Mire. Before 11 o'clock a ship was signaled off the Morne Brabant, the same as yesterday; with the intention probably of intercepting the American schooner, which entered before at Port Jacotet on her last voyage. In the afternoon, ascended up the side of the Montagne au Rempart to see the point of view it affords; and not being satisfied with it, ascended a hill a little to the north-west, from which the horizon from near the Little River, to near the Morne Brabant is visible Mr. Labauve returned from the town in the evening, and told me from Mr. Malherbe lately arrived from France, that Mr. Baudin did not write to me having nothing certain to tell me; but that he was preparing a memoir to which he intended to present to the marine minister relative to my situation: this was about April, but Mr. Malherbe promises to come here soon, when I hope to learn something further.- From all that I have hitherto learned, it appears very uncertain whether any fresh order concerning me has been given or not.
Tuesday 5. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. Cruizers as yesterday morning. It should appear that the captain-general thinks seriously of the island being attacked, having ordered a regiment of 650 blacks to be raised by a levy of 1 in 20 upon all the male slaves between 15 and 25 years possesed by the inhabitants their age to be between 15 and 25. Employed reading Lacrételle's précis historique a second time
Wednesday 6. Variable light winds and cloudy: some rain early. An English cruizer kept the whole day near our coast; at sunset she was lying to off the entrance of the Black River
Thursday 7. Light Et. winds and fine. The cruizers from the Black River, by the port, and to windward of the island
Friday 8 Mr. Labauve conducted all the slaves he possessed between the ages required, from whence to the port at the Black River where an officer made choice of 3 for the new regimentbr> Saturday 9. Mod. Et. winds and fine. The cruizers to windward of the island yesterday and today. I was surprised at noon, by receiving an answer from colonel Monistrol to my letter of July 25. It informs me solely, that the captain-general will not oppose the residence of my wife in this colony. This shows me that the general has either received no fresh orders concerning me, or that he will not put them into execution
Sunday 10 Light winds and fine weather. Cruizers to windward as yesterday. Took a walk down to the sea side Mr. Curtat passed the evening with us.

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September 1809
Monday 11. Light Et. winds and fine weather. The English cruizers between the port and Coin de Mire It appears that La Venus has taken a Company's packet, going from Bombay to Bencoolen, with her despatches This little vessel has got into the Grand Port. The Venus, Manche, and Creole have been out more than four months and this is the first prize they have sent in.
Tuesday 12. Light airs and cloudy. Cruizers as yesterday. We dined today with Mr. Benoni Labutte. Rainy
Wednesday 13. Mod. breeze and cloudy. Cruizers from the port to l'Isle aux cerfs
Thursday 14 Light airs and very fine weather. The cruizers all round the windward side of the island Employed with my young scholars in spheric and right-lined trigonometry, and myself in the theory and practice of astronomical observations at sea, and reading the Metaphysics of Condillac.
Friday 15. Do. weather Mr. Aug. La Chaise left us this morning. Saw a vessel under French colours, steering for the port; she appeared to be a merchant ship; and by the Cruizers being signaled from between to the Port and the Coin de Mire, the mountains believe her to be French; probably the cartel returning from Brazil
Saturday 16. Mod. Et. wind and fine weather. The cruizers signaled al to be along the whole coast off the north and south sides of the island but none of them are in view from hence. This evening a Mons. Van Mirbeck came to visit M. Labauve
Sunday 17 Do., weather. The cruizers as yesterday. Employed in calculations for the longitude, and reading Condillac
Monday 18. Fresh Et. wind and fine weather. Tuesday 19. Strong wind in the night, more moderate in the morning The cruizers signaled between the port and Coin de Mire. In the evening we saw a ship of war, two frigates, and a brig steering past our coast to the south westward. Squalls of wind at time, but more moderate at night
Wednesday 20 Fresh breezes and fine. No cruizers signaled this morning. Mr. Labauve arrived from tour with his sister Sophie, leaving Delphine behind on account of her health
Thursday 21. Light winds and fine. The embargo pendant up this morning
Friday 22 Calm with cloudy weather. The cruizers still out of sight: it is thought they may be gone to Bourbon. M.M. Suasse and Ducasse dined with us today upon veal, the first I have tasted in this island. The meal was very good, but the calf was too old, being one of six weeks.
Saturday 23. Mod. Et. winds with fine weather. The embargo pendant still up; and it should appear that there are still cruizers which are seen at a distance from time to time. The pendant hauled down at 10'clock, and a French ship signaled. At noon we saw her pass along our coast towards the port. In the afternoon a government brig was signaled
Sunday 24 Mod breezes with fine weather. Occupied in the demonstration of the rules for calculating solar eclipses, and occultations of the fixed stars; also in reading Condillac's Traité des Systèmes. I learned at noon, that the ship which passed yesterday, is La Nymphe from Bourdeaux Bayonne June 14; at which time Bonaparte was at Paris, and the war carrying on in Spain and Germany. Many ships were fitting out at Bourdeaux for this island. Poor Mr. Capmartin is said to be nearly at the point of death.- It does not appear that La Nymphe had seen any thing of our cruizers, and it seems probable that they are gone to the Cape.- It seems that that insurrections in Spain still take place, and that the English have taken Corunna. Bonaparte is said to be sending 400,000 men more into that unhappy country.- Mr. Labauve bought a cow and calf at a sale to day which he ceded to me for 92 dollars, the price they cost him
Monday 25 Fresh breezes and cloudy. Nothing signaled yesterday or this morning. I learned at noon, with much sorrow, the death of my friend Cap-martin. His complaint was a bloody flux which had its seat in the liver; and carried him off at the end of six months.- It appears that the American schooner vessel signaled on Saturday evening was the American schooner. The passengers are said to be still kept on board by the government, but a letter received here says, that the English cruizers had made two or three descents at St. Rose, and destroyed the forts and powder magazine. It is conjecture, that the inhabitants at Bourbon have refused to furnish slaves for the defence of the island. A deserter from the English cruizers at Bourbon said, that Sir Sydney Smith was to attack these islands with 14,000 men.

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1809 September
Monday 25 continued. Another letter from Bourbon says that the smallpox had made great ravages at St. Paul amongst the blacks, the Vaccine having been nearly lost at that island
Tuesday 26. Light breezes from Etward. with fine weather. It is currently reported, that the cruizers which quitted this island on the 19th. made an attack on the bay of St. Paul at Bourbon on the 21st. and 22; that they had surprised the forts, taken the Caroline frigate and her two prizes (Company's ships) with all the vessels that were in the bay. These actions were going on at the time the American schooner quitted that island; and it is said, that the captain-general had delayed the landing of the passengers on board, to prevent this disagreeable news being made public. In the afternoon went a shooting with Mr. G. Duguilio and Labauve: we killed five partridges, making up [indecipherable] to be sent to town for the marriage of Miss Nanon Duguilio with a Mr. Duquoidig.- Strong qualls of wind in the night
Wednesday 27. Fresh breezes from S.E. and fine weather
Thursday 28. Wind S.Etly. and squally. It appears that an aviso had been sent to Bourbon immediately on the arrival of the American schooner. The return of this vessel is anxiously expected in order to know exactly the state of things at that island. The American schooner is also said to have gone to Bourbon last night. There appears to be in general much inquietude both in the government and habitants relative to the events which are partly known and partly supposed to have passed there.
Friday 29. Light S.E. breeze and fine. This morning the red flag was again hoisted, with pendants denoting one or more English cruizers to be near the port. Rainy weather in the evening
Saturday 30. Light breezes and cloudy. The cruizers between the port and the Coin de Mire
Oct. Sunday Oct 1. Cloudy weather with rain at times during the whole day. The cruizers, it appears, have not sent in any flag of truce, so that the greatest uncertainty still remains upon the events at Bourbon. The cruizers were today on the south side of the island, perhaps in the intention of intercepting vessels from Bourbon.- This evening Mr. Labauve conducted his eldest sister back from the town, where she has passed nearly two months, in an indifferent state of health.
Monday Oct.2. Light N.E. breezes and cloudy. The cruizers out of sight. I received a billet of invitation to attend the religious ceremony for the repose of the soul of my poor deceased friend Cap-martin; but which the circumstances of my situation render it impossible for me to accept. The cruizers signaled at noon off the south side of the island
Tuesday 3. Fine weather with haze, light airs - The cruizers or cruizer signaled to be off the south side of the island as yesterday. As yet nothing is arrived to give intelligence of what has passed at Bourbon, and it appears that the whole of what is certainly known, amounts to no more than that the English has made an attack, and that a cannonading was heard to continue the whole of September 21 by the American schooner. Every one makes suppositions according to what he desires, or fears, and these suppositions are soon given out as facts. At noon I received a letter from colonel Monistrol saying, "that the captain-general having learned that I sometimes "went to a considerable distance from the habitation of Madame D'Arifat, had "thought proper to restrain my permission to reside in the interior of the colony "upon parole, to the lands which compose that plantation". Thus without consulting me, the general pretends to change my parole at his pleasure; on my side, I consider my parole to be wholly set aside, and that prudence alone directs will prevent me from going where I please.- This evening we met in our usual walk, a soldier from the Black River who informed us that two advice boats had arrived from Bourbon. That the English were in possession of St. Paul, having 600 men on shore; that the Caroline frigate and two Company's ships her prizes had sunk been sunk, and many men killed, that general de Brulie, the governor had destroyed himself, and that the inhabitants had not sought to make any resistance.: Three officers of the Caroline are said to be arrived here.
Mr. Labauve who returned from the town with Mr. Sornay (come to visit Mad. D'Arifat) confirms this news, and it appears that the inhabitants of this island are not disposed to comply with a new requisition of the government for more black slaves to make soldiers.

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1809 October - At Tamarinds
Wednesday 4. Southly breezes with dull cloudy weather. Wrote an answer to the letter of colonel Monistrol received yesterday- (See pub. let. book of this date). A letter received this evening from Charles Desbassayns at Bourbon, confirms the taking of St. Paul by the English, as also of the Caroline, her prizes, and the other vessels in the Bay of St. Paul on Sept. 21. It appears that general de Bruly had marched from St. Denis with 700 men to attack the English, but the inhabitants of St. Paul having represented to him the inevitable destruction of their town in case he pursued his intention, he had returned sacrificed his military duty to the good of the inhabitants, and returned. But being assured that his head would pay the price of this sacrifice, he had destroyed himself, leaving a paper to the following effect "Je "ne veux pas être traître à ma patrie, je ne veux pas sacrifier la vie des "habitants dans la defence inutile d'une colonie ouverte de toute part. Je sais "que la haine ou l'ambition d'un secte attaché à des principes révolutionaires "et Jacobines portera ma tête sur l'echafaud, et j'aime mieux je prefère me "donner la mort. Je recommonde ma femme at mon enfant à Dieu et à des "aux ames sensibles" This was Sept. 25th. It appears that a part of the slaves at St. Paul had revolted, and done some mischief. They had demanded arms of the English, and offered to burn the town, but commodore Rowley had kept them on board the ships, and after the truc attack had totally ceased, had sent them back to their masters, with information of what they had offered to do. A letter from the town says, that the commodore had learned the names of the instigators of this insurrection, and had caused them to be shot to the number of eight - This last news appears to cause a great sensation here, and to show convince the inhabitants of the impolicy of arming the slaves for the defence of the island which has been adopted by general De Caen. It is said here that the English had lost 250 men in the attack on St. Paul, and that the loss of the French was inferior; this is very improbable. - Since that time the English ships remain at anchor close to the shore in the Bay of St. Paul, which town is, as it were, under their guns. The men go on shore every morning, and return on board at night, the forts, and magazines of the government, as also the guns, having been destroyed immediately, for fear apparently of a counter attack. It is universally agreed that the English ha scrupulously respect all private property, but they had reembarked for about 200,000 dollars of indigo, part of the cargo of the Company's ships retaken.
Thursday 5. This morning the red flag was hauled down. Employed upon the demonstration of the calculation of the longitude from an Eclipse of the sun, and reading the Traité de Systèmes de Condillac. At noon th a cruizer was signaled off the north side of the island. In the evening we learned that a French merchant ship at arrived in the Grand Port from l'Orient.- I purchased a full heifer from Mr. Labauve, to be added to the cow and calf I had already; and I signed an agreement with him, by which he obligingly undertook to take care of these animals and their produce, for which I obliged him to accept of one-third of the produce. My intention is to leave thus the germ of a fortune which may in time become considerable, for even deducting the third, the capital should double itself in between three and four years; it being proved by the accounts of Mr. Labauve that his herd has given him 52 per cent, counting nothing for the expence of the land in which they feed: I may therefore count upon 30 per cent, if no accident happens.
Friday 6. Light No. breeze and fine. After breakfast, I returned with Madame D'Arifat and her family to Vacoas with the intention of complying with the order of the captain-general as nearly as possible We learn that the ship arrived (called Compte Regnaud) ] left l'Orient June 23. The marine minister Decrès is reported to be displaced for misconduct. Rainy weather all the afternoon. Cruizers out of sight.
Saturday 7. Light S.E. breeze with cloudy but agreeable weather. Cruizers signaled between before the port and to windward of the island This evening, my friend Pitot being called to Palma at the opening of the seals on the property of Mr. Capmartin, came to pay me a short visit, during very bad weather. The destitution of M. Decrès is contradicted; and it appears that all those who had presented denunciations against him, have been exiled from Paris. Fresh victories on Germany and new troubles in Spain are spoken of, but not with great certainty.

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October at Vacouas
Sunday 78. Strong S.E. gale with rainy weather. My friend Pitot returned to Palma. Gave a letter of recommendation, at the request of M.M. Labauve and Curtat, to two children of Mr. Lefevre, the judge, going to France in La Confiance (late la Cannonière) for their education. Was invited by Mr. Curtat to dinner at Keroan (his new habitation); but in the critical times in which is the Isle of France and the inhabitants, it would be very imprudent in me to deviate so far from the orders late orders of the captain-general; and I have accordingly begged to be excused
Employed in my calculations of the longitude from Eclipses of the sun, and in reading The Traité des Sensations par Condillac -
Monday 9. Strong S.E. wind with squally weather. The English cruizers signaled before the port and to windward of the island A partial eclipse of the sun took place today; and I wrote to Mr. Quenot, an astronomer in town, requesting him to furnish me the exact times when he observed the beginning and end, in order to my calculating from these the longitude of the Isle of France, in which exists an uncertainty of 15 or more minutes of longitude In the evening our neighbour Mr. Desfosses paid a visit to our family
Tuesday 10. Light S.E. wind with finer weather. The cruizers still signaled before the port and to be windward of the island. Borrowed Ephemeris for this year from Mr. DeGlos in order to obtain the date necessary to calculate Mr. Quenot's observation of the solar eclipse. Employed adding a fifth [indecipherable] to Mackays table of proportionate log's
Wednesday 11. Mod. Etly. wind with light squalls of rain at times. Cruizers signaled before the port and to windward of the island
Thursday 12 Mod. Etly. breeze with fine weather. Cruizers still to windward and before the port
Friday 13. Cloudy weather. Employed upon Mackay's table of prop. Logs, not having yet received from Mr. Quenot the observation of the solar eclipse. Learned that the cruizers had taken a canoe with a soldier in it; and that the guns we heard yesterday morning, had passed between the forts and the cruizers
Saturday 14. Fine weather with light Etly breeze. Cruizers still signaled before the port and to windward of the island. No news, as yet, from colonel St. Susanne, gone to tale the government of Bourbon
Sunday 15. Do. weather. We had today the company of Mr. and Mrs. Curtat, Mr. Barbé-Marbois, and of M.M. Labauve, Herbecq and Duval. Mr. Barbé requested of me a letter of recommendation for his daughter in law Mad. Merle, embarking on board La Confiance for France; and I received at noon a letter from Mr. Garnier, formerly miniature painter in the expedition of M. Baudin requesting a similar letter from himself embarking in the same ship. - It appears that there are four ships cruizing before the island.
Monday 16. Very fine weather and calm. Cruizers before the port and to windward of the island as before Was invited by Mr. Duval to dine at his house in the neighbourhood with a party, but declined on account of the circumstances of my situation. Wrote an answer in French to the letter of Mr. Garnier, see private letter book of this date and a letter of recommendation for Mad. Merle, as in pub. let. book
A letter from Bourbon of the 11th. Informs us, that the English had quitted that island on the night of the 6th. last, and that all was quiet there, except for some fermentation in the public mind.
Tuesday 17. Cloudy warm weather. The English cruizers still before the port and to windward of the island
Wednesday 18 Light Et. wind and fine wr. Criuzers as before, said to be to the number of five, watching La Confiance richly charged which only waits an occasion to sail. Employed as before with my young scholars, in oblique and spheric trigonometry, in correcting enlarging Mackay's table of prop. Logs, and in making out my will and testament under the apprehension that I may never reach England
Thursday 19. Cloudy but fine weather. Cruizers before the port. Paid a short visit to our neighbour Desfosses.
Friday 20. Mod. SE. wind with cloudy weather. Cruizers still before the port, watching La Confiance as it shd. Appear.
Saturday 21. Light Etly. winds with cloudy weather. Employed with my young scholars and in divers small occupations It appears that the English cruizers consisting at this time of two frigates, have taken La Venus a small ship from Batavia and had landed a passenger to propose an exchange of prisoners

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Sunday 22. Fine weather. Accompanied our family to pass the day at Kerhoan, the habitation of Mr. Curtat. Recd. a satisfactory letter from Mr. Quenot relative to the eclipse of the sun of the 9th. in answer to a second letter on that subject which I wrote him. He had not received the first. It appears that the recommendation I had given him when I was in the Maison Despaux had been very serviceable to him during the six months he had been prisoner at the Cape and on board the cruizers. - I learn with sorrow that my countrymen kept in prison in the town have conducted themselves in a manner to have excited a general dissatisfaction, even in those who are no friends to the captain-general. Mr. Quenot who commands the cartel, informs me in his letter that he expects every day to sail for the Cape
Monday 23. Wrote a letter to the Transport board in favour of Ed. Ossère nephew of Madame Curtat, who has been kept prisoner on board a hulk at Plymouth since the taking of the Marengo (See pub. let. book of this date). Calculated the eclipse observed on the 9th. by M. Malavois, as sent by Mr. Quenot; but this eclipse being of 2' in magnitude, could not be observed with precision, and the longitude I deduce is nearly one degree too little.
Tuesday 24th. Cloudy weather. The English cruizers from the port to the Coin de Mire.
Wednesday 25. Mod. Etly. wind with cloudy weather. Cruizers as yesterday. Employed with my young scholars in Spheric trigonometry, as usual: myself in demonstrating the rules for calculating the longitude from an occultation of a + by the [here a symbol is used to represent the moon].
Thursday 26. Do. weather. The cruizers still keep between the port and the Coin de Mire
Friday 27. Wind S.E. with cool, but tolerably fine weather. Cruizers in the same place as yesterday morning.
Saturday 28. Fresh S.E. wind with squally weather. It appears that the cruizers which keep so constantly before the port, have hitherto prevented La Confiance (late la Canonniere) from sailing; this vessel is richly charged with indigo and coffee, mostly as is said on the private account of the captain-general and some of the principal officers of the government. - It appears that the American schooner is again returned to Bourbon; and it is the only vessel by which the government have lately been able to communicate with that island. - At 2 o'clock we heard a strong cannonading which lasted about a quarter of an hour without knowing the cause. The cruizers were at that signaled to be from the Black River to the Gunner's Coin. Mr. Labauve and Mr. Fadeuille came to visit us.
Sunday 29. Fresh S.E. breeze with light squalls at times. The cruizers signaled from the port to the Gunner's Coin.
Monday 30. Same weather. Cruizers in the same place. We are told that the government have let the Laurel for freight to France to the merchants for the sum of 50,000 dollars. The recapture of the Indiaman at Bourbon appears to have put this government to great shifts to obtain money; the commerce being nearly annihilated is no longer a source as in the time when the Americans frequented the island
Tuesday 31. Fresh Etly. wind with squally weather. The cannonading on the 27th. was from an English frigate at the Canonnière which in attempting to get out of the port had been stopped, and in returning had touched upon the reef. La Nymphe had gone out the same morning, and another frigate had gone in chase of her.
It appears that the government has called an inhabitant of each quarter to consult upon the means of remedying the present state of distress for money, in which the retaking of the prizes at Bourbon has thrown then government
Wednesday Nov. 1. Cloudy calm agreeable weather. The English cruizers between the Black River and Gunner's Coin
Thursday 2. Light Etly. air with fine weather. Employed searching convenient rules for estimating distances at sea. A letter from my friend Pitot, returned to town after a fortnights absence, speaks of an American brig arrived in the Grand Port yesterday in spite of the vigilance of our cruizers, who nevertheless block this island with great severity, and are to the number of nine at this time
Friday 3. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine weather. The cruizers from the port to windward as far as then Grand Port, and in the afternoon they were all round the opposite side of the island. It appears that a prize had arrived yes and been chased yesterday into the Grande Baye, and that some skirmishing had taken place between the battery and the English cruizer who sought to take or destroy the prize. In the evening, other cruizers chased a brig to leeward of the island. - The American brig is from Baltimore; the port to which my poor Elder went. I have no news whatever of this my faithful servant since his departure in July 1807. This brig sailed from America July 18

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November Saturday 3 4. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine weather. The cruizers from the grand Port round by the Black River to Port N.W. In the afternoon a westly wind with rain
Sunday 5. Calm with fine weather. Cruizers between the Black River and Gunners Coin
Monday 6. Wind N.Etly. with rainy dull weather. Employed calculating a table for determining the distance of objects at sea from their observed altitude and known altitude height; also with my young scholars as usual
Tuesday 87. Light Etly. airs with spitting rain at times, but fine in general. The cruizers before the port and on the lee side of the island as yesterday
Wednesday 8. Mod. Etly. wind with agreeable weather. Cruizers from the Port to the Coin de Mire. Our neighbour Chevreau returned from the town to reside upon his habitation for the winter
Thursday 9. Light airs and fine weather. Sent to Mr. Curtat duplicates of my letter to the Transport Board. We learn from our neighbour Chevreau, that the Canonnière has sailed more than a week since, but that it is not known when the cartel for the Cape will depart. The necessities of the government will I hope oblige it to send away the prisoners in order to diminish its expenses. It is said that the captain-general had demanded in a council of inhabitants that the island should come to his assistance during six months; and that if in that time no succour was sent from France, that he would leave them to govern themselves: they promised to endeavour to procure him 120,000 dollars, which after many reforms, was calculated to be sufficient.
Friday 10. Mod. Etly winds and fine weather. The cruizers from the port round to windward of the island.
Saturday 11. Cloudy weather. Wind N.Wtly. towards noon. Mr. Martin-monchamp, one of the twelve inhabitants called by the government to consult upon the means of obtaining money in the present exigency, called today in making his tour amongst the inhabitants of the quarter. He read an address from the government to the inhabitants, and an exposition of the extreme state of distress to which the government was reduced by the retaking of the companys ships at Bourbon; and afterwards an address of the commissioners to the inhabitants exposing their reasons for agreeing with the government that the borrowing of 120,000 dollars was the best means of succouring it in the difficult situation to which the colony in general was reduced. In return for the contribution the government offers bills upon the French government at par, with the hope that the Emperor will add a reasonable indemnification for interest. - Mr. M. said, that he found much good will amongst the inhabitants but not much money. or colonial prod The commissioners propose to receive almost all kinds of colonial produce, especially provisions, such as maize, wheat, manisc (cassava). It seems to be the opinion, that the subscription will be filled without difficult. I recommended jokingly to Mr. M. to propose sending away all the English prisoners and me amongst the rest, as the first step to reform; and which he in the same way promised to do.
Sunday 12. Very fine dry weather. Wind from N.W. again today. Employed calculating my table of distances at sea from the altitudes of objects
Monday 13. Tuesday 14. Cloudy weather with Nrly. Wind and some drops of rain. Closely employed calculating a table of logarithmic cosines to nine places of figures, which I find necessary to forming my table of distances before mentioned when the observed altitude is small. - The cruizers before and on each side of the port. - It is said that the cartel with the English prisoners for the Cape will probably sail after l'Esperance (cidevant Laurel) and and some other ships fitting for France shall be sailed; but I doubt that she will sail so long as an English cruizer remains off the island
Wednesday 15. Thursday 16. Employed as before. The cruizers before the port and to windward.
Friday 17. Very fine dry weather. Cruizers from the Black River to the Gunner's Coin. Employed with my young scholars and in calculating for my table of distances
Saturday 18. Same fine weather. Wind Etly. in the morning, but comes round to NWt. towards noon, with some drops of rain. Mr. and Mrs. Sauvejet come to pass a few days with our family
Sunday 19. Light Etly. airs and fine weather. The cruizers between the Black River and the Gunner's Coin. Today we had the family of our neighbour Chevreau to dine with us
Monday 20. Same dry weather as before. The cruizers as yesterday. Employed still in the calculation of my table of distances from the altitudes of objects taken at sea

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1809 November, at Vacouas
Tuesday 21, Mod. Etly. breeze and fine wr. The cruizers from the Black river round to windward of the island, blocking the island as usual very closely. Employed with my two young scholars in Spheric trigonometry; and myself in calculating a table of the distances of objects from their altitude taken at sea; to do which I am obliged to calculate a table of cosines to 3º and to eight places of figures having no other than the common tables - Took a walk with Mr. Sauvejet to a point of view from whence we saw a cutter, one of the cruizers
Wednesday 22. Mod Et. wind with some rain. Visited our neighbour Chevreau, from whom we learned that the government were distributing signals to direct the movements of the inhabitants in case of the island being attacked.
Thursday 23. Mod Etly. wind with fine weather. The cruizers from the Black River to the windward of the island as yesterday. Accompanied our family and the family Sauvejet to the Mare aux Vacouas where we spent an agreeable day. Saw three of the cruizers at a distance from a hill
Friday 24. Fresh N.E. wind , with rain at times. Visited the cascades of the Tamarin River with Mr. Sauvejet . Saw a frigate and a cutter off the mouth of the river
Saturday 25. Cloudy but fine weather. The cruizers signaled from the Black River round to windward of the island
Sunday 26. Cruizers before the port and to windward Mr. Labauve came to visit his family
Monday 27. Mod Etly. wind, with fine agreeable weather. Cruizers as yesterday.
Tuesday 28. Dry fine weather. Many vessels are expected from France, but as yet none arrive. I entertain some hope that the first despatches received by the general may still contain a second order for my liberty, and this from a knowledge that he has received no despatches for a long time past. Employed with my young scholars; and myself in establishing new rules for the calculation of heights and distances at sea, and exemplifying the utility of my table which is finished
Wednesday 29. Mod Etly. wind and fine weather. The cruizers from the port round to the grand port.
Thursday 30. Same weather. Cruizers as yesterday. I learn the arrival of the American schooner from Bourbon. A Prussian schooner there (sailed from Bourdeaux in the beginning of August) gives information of the entire defeat of the Austrians by the French; and of the taking of two merchant ships from Bourdeaux destined for this place. The Semillante and two other ships are announced to sail for this place in September and may therefore be expected the following month. In an extraordinary gazette is given the conditions of an armistice between France and Austria; but no mention is made of the affairs of Spain which probably go ill for the French - Employed in my mathematical studies and in reading the Journal de l'Empire for 1808
Friday Dec 1st. Light Etly .airs with fine weather; but so dry that there scarcely remains any water in the rivers. The cruizers signaled from the port to windward as far as the Grand Port. Mr. Sauvejet returned from the town to rejoin his family here. He informs me that the general has received despatches from France, but it is not certain that they are from the marine minister. There is no longer any talk of the departure of the cartel for the Cape. - The voluntary subscription for the relief of the government proceeds, it appears, but slowly; and a forced loan is already spoken of. - The reforms promised to the inhabitants are not yet begun upon.
Saturday Dec 2. Same weather as yesterday. Cruizers as yesterday. According to Mr.T. the stagnation of commercial affairs was never so great as at present: all borrowing at interest is also at an end, and more than one tradesman has been guilty of forgery within a very short time. This evening Madame Colique, sister of the late Mad. Allies and of Mad. Morin, came to pass a few days with our ladies. This lady arrived from Paris 9 months since, where she had an opportunity of seeing many of the persons who form the present French government, and also some of the authors in vogue.

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1809 December
Sunday 3. Light Etly. airs with fine weather, but too dry for the plantations. The cruizers from the port round to windward as far as the Grand Port. My friend Pitot and Mr. Deglos came to pay me a visit, and returned back in the afternoon. I did not learn any other news than that a considerable armament was prepared in England and destined by conjecture, either for the Baltic, Holland, or Toulon. Another expedition was making the tour of the Mediterranean
Monday 4. Same dry weather as before. Cruizers as yesterday. It is said that a two-decked ship has joined the cruizers; but the inhabitants are now so accustomed to have the isle blocked, that whether there are three ships or ten, is scarcely a subject for remark. There is yet no prizes or intelligence from La Venus and La Manche which have been out for more than seven months. - This afternoon our good friends Mr. and Mrs. Sauvejet and their very amiable little daughter, left us to return to town.
Tuesday 5. Nearly calm as usual, with dry weather. After Every afternoon the wind comes from the northward or westward, and promises rain, but none falls here. Our rivers are almost dry.
Wednesday 6. Same dry weather as before. These three days the cruizers from the port round to windward as far as the Grand Port. The usual appearance of rain were this afternoon following by abundant showers, to the great satisfaction of the inhabitants. - I learned this evening from Mr. Labauve, who arrived to visit his family, that a cartel had arrived from the Cape at Bourbon with letters to the governor. These letters were brought to general De Caen by the American schooner, and are said to contain a summons to the gov. of Bourbon to deliver the island to the first English fleet that shall arrive; but this is a conjecture that has very little of the air of probability. It appears, however, that there is much discontent at that island
Thursday 7. Heavy cloudy weather with rain at times. This morning there was thunder for the first time this season. The rainy continued at intervals the whole day.
Friday 8. Saturday 9. Rainy weather during these two days. Madame Colique left us this afternoon, and in the evening arrived Mr. Curtat
Sunday 10. N.Etly. breeze with dull weather and rain at times. Our rivers no longer shew a want of water. From Mr. Labauve who dined with us today, I learned that three small vessels had entered the Black River this morning; but he knew not from whence (They had left P.N. to go to Bourbon and stopped for a wind). There is a pleasant report in circulation here: There is said to have been given at Bourbon promissory notes by the English, payable on the 28th of this month. Mr. Hardouin who had been surgeon on board the Laurel in her cruize with La Canonnière, told me that they had taken the Hon. Capt. Pakenham and his ship's company returning from Manilla to Madras after the loss of the H.M.S. Greyhound. Capt. P. sought some one of the officers who could give him information of me, saying that he did not know me personally; but much from my misfortunes particularly the unjust imprisonment I had undergone here. Mr H. was able to satisfy his inquiries. It appears that my treatment here was regarded by all the navy officers in India, to be unparalled and extraordinarily unjust.
Monday 11. Same dull cloudy weather, but without rain this morning. Mr. Curtat left us yesterday, and Mr. Labauve this morning. The cruizers from the Port round to the grand port.
Tuesday 12. Mod. Et. breeze with fine weather. Went to dine with Mr. Chevreau, where I found Madame Lachenardière, his sister, returned from the Black River where she had seen embark her friend Madame St. Suzanne for Bourbon, having been refused by the captain-general to accompany her to that island. - We learn from the town that an American vessel has got into the Black River, and this afternoon we heard some guns in that direction.
Wednesday 13. Same weather as yesterday. I learned today that a cartel had arrived yesterday from Bengal, with the ship's company of La Piémontaise and L'Iena, and that the American arrived is a prize made by the French frigates La Venus and La Manche
Thursday 14. Mad. Etly. breeze and fine weather. The cruizers from Port Napoleon to the Grand Port. It appears from the news brought by the cartel, that the war has recommenced there with the Mahrattas, and it is said that the sepoys are discontented, and commerce dead in that country. Called upon the ladies our neighbours this evening
Friday 15. Same fine weather as yesterday. Cruizers from the port to the Coin de Mire. Recd. a small packet of Indian gazettes from my friend Pitot. It appears that the cartel is called La Henriette, commanded by Mr. Ramsden who was formerly a prisoner in the Maison Despeaux

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1809 Dec.
Saturday 16. Light Et. wind with fine weather. It is six years today since my unfortunate arrival in this island. God grant that it may be the last anniversary I shall see in this place. It is said that a third prize from La Venus and La Manche has got into Port Jacotet. The first was an American, (50,000 dol. by est.) the second a ship from Bengal bound for Port Jackson, perhaps the Union which I see mentioned in the gazettes (estimated at about 40,000 dollars) . I received today a second packet of Calcutta newspapers.
Sunday 17. Same weather. The cruizers yesterday and today, from the port round to the Grand Port. We had an evening's visit from our neighbours with whom was M. Lachenardiere
Monday 18. Mod. Etly. breeze with fine weather. I learn that Mr. Hope the commissary of prisoners on board La Henriette Cartel, has a letter for me from Mr. Stock, the former commissary formerly on board the Wellesley; and that he proposes to use his endeavours with the captain-general, by whom he has been well received, to obtain my liberty. The third prize arrived from La Venus gives intelligence of the neutrality of the Philippine Islands being acknowledged by the English, who trade there amicably.- Wrote a short letter to Mr Hope (see pr.l.b. of this date)
Tuesday 19. Wind varble. with light squalls of rain at times. The cruizers from the Black River, round by the port, to the Grand Port. I had today the pleasure of receiving a letter from Mr. Stock dated at Calcutta Sept. 4. but it gives me no certitude of being set at liberty. I received at the same time from capt. Lynne some newspapers and a Steele's list for Jan. 1809
Wednesday 20. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine weather. Cruizers off the port and to windward of the island
Thursday 21. Cloudy weather. Recd. a third packet of Indian gazettes, from whom I do not know.
Friday 22. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine weather. Cruizers between the Black River and the port.
Saturday 23. Sunday 24. Light N.Etly. wind with fine wr. in general. Recd. a letter from Mr. Hope, in which he informs me of his intention to use his endeavours to obtain my release, and gives me some hope that he may succeed, but of which I have much doubt. Reading India gazettes
Monday 25. Fresh Etly. wind with cloudy weather. Cruizers along the whole lee side of the island. Employed as usual in spheric trigonometry with my young scholars and in reading Calcutta gazettes
Tuesday 26. Varble. winds with dull rainy weather. A letter from Bourbon dated the 20th. speaks of great apprehensions of being attacked by the English. It appears that there is a party there which propagates these reports.
Wednesday 27. Calm with cloudy weather. The cruizers from the port to the Gunner's Coin. Mr. Labauve paid us a short visit. From officers of the prizes arrived from the French frigates it appears that all the English prisoners had asked news of me. These frigates had attacked and wantonly destroyed a small English settlement on the coast of Sumatra, to the discontent of even many of the French officers.
Thursday 28. Calm and fine weather. Dined with the families Chevreau and Lachenardiere
Friday 29. Calm as yesterday. Accompanied our ladies in an afternoon's visit to Mr. and Mrs. Chazal's who had returned from the town a few days since.
Saturday 30. Mod. Etly. breeze with fine weather. Cruizers off the port and lee side of the island. I have continued to instruct my two young scholars in spheric geometry and trigonometry, although I have often neglected to mention it. My own employments since the arrival of La Henriette cartel has mostly been to read newspapers sent me by Mr. Pitot, a volume of the Edinburg review for 1808, and Voltaire's Siécle de Louis XIV, followed by that of his successor

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Dec. 1809 Sunday 31. Light Etly. airs with fine weather. The English cruizers before the port. Mons. Koenig and M. Wohrnitz, a German lab arrived from India by the cartel, came to visit Mad. D'Arifat. From the latter, I learned intelligence of M. Boand whom he had left in Madras. Recd. a letter from M. Menesse dated at Tranquebar, expressing his acknowledgements for the service my letter of Recommendation had procured for him
Monday Jan 1. 1810. Distributed as usual amongst the slaves of the plantation, about 30 dollars, in return for their nosegays and good wishes on the new year. M. M. Curtat and Charton came to dine and pass the evening with us. I learn from various quarters that Mr. Hope proposed to make every effort to obtain my liberty, and that he had hopes of succeeding. We are informed that La Venus is arrived in the Black River, and announces three rich prizes, said indeed to be company's ships from Europe: Mention is also made of three private ships coming from France
Tuesday 2. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine. The Cruizers from the Black River round to windward of the island. All our visiters left this morning. It appears that the three prizes belong in effect to the India company, but whether regular or extra ships, I do not yet learn: Several passengers and a part of the crews debarked from the Venus, and passed last night at Mr. Labauve's in their way to the town. There are six ladies on board the Venus
Wednesday 3. Fine weather. Learned at noon, that the frigates La Manche and La Bellone had got into the port with a Portuguese frigate and our sloop of war the Victor (formerly L'Iena) and two of the three ships taken from the Company: the third prize had separated in a gale of wind. In general our ships keep before the port, but at the time of the entry of the above two frigates and prizes, they were before the Black River, watching the Venus, and thus missed the finest occasion for rendering service
Thursday 4. Light Etly. breeze and fine weather. Wind fresh from the northward in the afternoon. Mr. Lachenardière and Chevreau paid us a mornings visit. The gazette of yesterday makes no mention whatever of the frigates or prizes lately come in. It is indeed rare that any thing that occurs here is mentioned
Friday 5. Fresh northwardly breeze with dull heavy weather: Rainy at 8 o'clock AM. Reading the Edinburg Review for Oct. 1808. Accompanied our family to dinner with Mr. and Mrs. Chevreau, who gave a dinner to the neighbours on the anniversary of their marriage. Was as usual attacked upon politics - Saturday 6. Same dull rainy weather as yesterday. I learn that a fifth prize had got into the Grande Baye under the forts, notwithstanding the efforts of the cruizers to prevent her. This prize is said to be loaded with naval stores. I am informed that a quarrel had taken place in the prison amongst the officers shut up in town, upon the subject of captain Rowleys not having prevented the late entry of the frigates and prizes, and that three or four of the prizoners had been carried wounded to the hospital. The cruizers keep to windward of the port today -
Sunday 7. Light N. Etly .breeze and finer weather. The cruizers out of sight this morning according to the signals and soon after a ship was signaled to leeward, which proved to be French; but she did not get in before night
Monday 8. Same wind and weather. The French ship still signaled, and we suppose may be the Le Charles which is expected every day from St. Malo: she got to an anchor at 5 o'clock, and a foreign brig was soon after signaled to be in sight to leeward.
Tuesday 9. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine weather. The foreign brig still signaled. At Noon, I learned that L'Auguste, sailed Oct. 1 from Bourdeaux, had arrived yesterday. In the afternoon the signal for an English ship or ships between the Black River and the Port was made, and in the evening much firing was heard in that direction. Recd. some gazettes (London) of July last, and a number of Gent's magazines for Dec.1808.

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1810 January
Wednesday 10. Light N.Etly. air and fine. The cruizers signaled between the port and Gunners Coin. Continue to instruct my young scholars, Aristide and Marc, in spheric trigonometry. Employed myself investigating the magnetism of the earth, and at present in reading the London newspapers sent me yesterday It appears that it is the Neréide, captain Corbet returned from the Cape: he took yesterday a chasse-marée, and chased on shore a Dutch brig from Batavia, last from Bourbon, and set fire to her: I heard her blow up at tea last night. Capt. Corbet is more feared here than any other of the cruizers; it is in effect him who has taken most of the vessels here; and in general he appears suddenly, and immediately finds something to do: he appears to be a very active and enterprizing officer.
Thursday 11. Mod. Etly. breeze and fine. The cruizer between the port and Gun. Coin.
Friday 12. Do. weather. It appears by the signal, that the cruizer is either out of sight or far distant
Saturday 13. Mod. E. breeze and cloudy. The red flag withdrawn this morning, and a ship of war signaled, which we suppose to be the Venus quitting the Black River to go to Port Napoleon. I received today a Steele's List for July 1809, in no part of which do I find the name of my brother, which gives me sad forebodings of some accident having happened to him. In the evening, Mr. Labauve visited his family, and told us of the arrival of three vessels; of which one was a prize to the Bellone, a second L'Emilie from Bourdeaux, but the epoch of her sailing or the news she brings he did not know: of the third vessel he did not remember what had been told him
Sunday 134. Mod. ESE. breeze and cloudy. L'Emilie sailed from Bourdeaux Oct. 9 last, and does not add any thing important to our stock of European news. It appears either that Mr. Hope has yet taken no steps to obtain my liberty, or otherwise that he has not obtained any answer
Monday 15 Do. weather, with light squalls of rain at times. Nothing signaled these two days
Tuesday 16. Light Etly. air and fine weather. At noon, the English cruizer was signaled to windwd. of the island. Recd. some London newspapers up to July 1 last.
Wednesday 17. Do. weather. The English cruizer signaled to be off the Coin de Mire, and soon after another was signaled to be to leeward of the port. Dined today with Mr. Lachenardiere at Mr. Chevreau's Employed in the evening writing letters for England being informed that the cartel for the Cape is to sail very soon
Thursday 18. Light Etly. air with fine weather. The cruizers between the port and Gunner's Coin. Employed writing letters for England to be sent in the cartel with captain Henry Lynne
Friday 19. Very fine weather Cruizer signaled as yesterday. Sent away my letters
Saturday 20. Same fine wr. Light Etly. airs in the morning, and N Wtly. in the afternoon. The cruizers from the Black River round to windward of the island. Recd. another volume of the Edinburg Review (for April 1809) and some more newspapers for June and July. Mr. Quenot comr. of the cartel for the Cape, caused me to be informed that he would take charge of any commission I had to give: he expects to sail in five or six days: he did not write to or come to see me for prudential reasons.
Sunday 21. Same weather as yesterday: some rains falls in the afternoon. Cruizers as yesterday
Monday 22. Calm with dull cloudy weather: Much rain P.M. The cruizers between the port and Gunner's Coin
Tuesday 23. Calm nearly with fine weather. The single red flag today shews the cruizers either far distant or out of sight: at 5 P.M. the red flag was taken down
Wednesday 24. Light Nwtly. wind with dull cloudy weather. No cruizers in sight. Squalls of rain at times
Thursday 25. Wind N.Wtly. with dull unsettled weather as yesterday. A French brig signaled. The cruizers appear to have at length left the island, perhaps for two or three months on account of the hurricane season. Employed in my researches into the magnetism of the earth. Recd. an Annual Register for 1808, and a volume of political Registers for Jan. to June 1809. A letter from captain Lynne informs me, that the cartel for the Cape was to sail as this morning. Much Rain this afternoon and night

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1810 Jan.
Friday 26 Light N.Etly. breeze with dull weather. This morning an English cruizer was signaled to windward of the island. Rainy in the afternoon. Reading my late acquisitions and empd. with my scholars
Saturday 27. Same weather as yesterday morning. Rainy in the afternoon, with much distant thunder
Sunday 28 Light N.Etly. air, with dull weather. The cruizer between the port and Gunner's Coin. I learn the arrival of the only French cruizer that remained out. L'Entreprenant, with a prize (Portuguese) valued at 400,000 dollars of which 250,000 in money. The American schooner arrived from Bourbon where all was well in the family of my friend Ch. Desbassayns. A ship, named L'Aventurier, had arrived there from France, and it appears had brought letters for me, but whether from England or France I know not yet. Mr. Panon Desbassayns to whom I had given a letter of recommendation on his departure from hence, had written to me two letters (which I have not received) to thank me; from which I conclude my letter had been useful to him during his captivity in England. Le Petit Edouard from France is, I am informed, arrived here at the Grand Port, but when sailed, or what is her news I do not yet learn. The cartel for the Cape, I am, sorry to learn, is not yet sailed. The Company's Ship Windham, taken by the French Frigates, and separated in a gale of wind, has not yet been heard of: She was thought to have been at Bourbon, but must either have been retaken, or lost in the gale of wind.- An American Ship had also got into the Grand Port, charged with provisions, and another was signaled yesterday, off the south side of the island
Monday 29. Light Noly. air with cloudy weather. The cruizers seem to be out of sight, the red flag being without pendant under it. Employed with my young scholars, and reading the An. Register for 1808
Tuesday 30. Fine wr. after much rain yesterday P.M. No red flag hoisted today. I learned at noon, with much satisfaction, that the cartel for the Cape sailed yesterday morning with about 200 prisoners on board, including captains Woolcombe and Lynne. Lt. Owen, late commr. of the Sea Flower was the only King's officer not suffered to depart, but I do not learn precisely why he is excepted Two small French vessels arrived today
Wednesday 31. Light N.Ely. air with finer weather this morning. Some small French vessels signaled
Thursday Feb.1. Light N.Etly. air with cloudy dull weather, We learned today, that one of the small vessels arrived is a packet-boat which sailed from Bayonne Oct. 3 last. It is presumable that this vessel has come expressly with despatches; and if so, it will now be decided whether the French government intend to send out any fresh orders concerning me set me at liberty or not. - Fine weather
Friday 2. Light N.Etly. airs with fine weather. A foreign brig signaled. It is said, that a squadron of 4 ships of the line and 4 frigates are expected here shortly, but no European news is given. Nothing has been said of the war in Germany or of the movements of Alexander since the middle of July, nor of the affairs of Spain since August, although there are three vessels arrived which left France in October: This silence is very remarkable. A foreign brig signaled today
Saturday 3. Light Etly. breeze and very fine weather. A French brig signaled. The packet boat (Mouche No.27) has brought despatches in which, it is said, is the assurance of the second third of the bills of exchange drawn by this government two years since, being paid; but I do not learn any other article that has transpired. The arrival of the expected French squadron is not generally credited. Employed with my young scholars, and reading the plurality La pluralité de mondes of Fontenelle.

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1810 February
Sunday 4. Calm with fine weather. We had at dinner today M.M. Curtat, Labauve, Ed. Perichon, La Grave, and Mad. Chazal; but do not learn anything of the news brought by the last vessels, which it seems the captain-general keeps secret: a proof that there is nothing favourable to him or the nation
Monday 5. Light N.E. airs with fine weather. A prize signaled to leeward, being, I suppose one of those going to the port from some other part of the island. Two brigs afterwards signaled
Tuesday 6. Same fine weather. Two other brigs signaled, of which one a prize, the other a government brig. At noon received a request for a letter to the captain of H.M. ships to spare the small establishment of Messieurs Barbé and Céré at Agalega. It should seem, that the wanton destruction made by the French frigates at Tapanouly, has excited a spirit of vengeance in our cruizers, who have destroyed the little defenceless establishment at Agalega and probably several others, which had hitherto been left unmolested. I feel for the losses of these two worthy proprietors, but it would be both imprudent and useless for me to interfere (See priv. letter book) - Rainy in the afternoon
Wednesday 7. Light Noly. air with a cloudy weather. Two other brigs signaled today. I saw this evening a letter to one of our neighbours, which said, that a brig under Algerine couolours had arrived in 75 days from Marseilles (sailed Nov.22); and added "We (the French) have been beaten in "Spain, and are at war with the Russians". Found myself unwell today. Received a friendly letter from Charles Desbassayns at Bourbon, dated Jan 21. last.
Thursday 8. Light Etly. air and fine weather. A French and a prize brig signaled this morning. The news of the French being defeated in Spain and being at war with Russia is rendered uncertain by succeeding reports, but it appears that Lord Collingwood had beat a French fleet in the Mediterranean, and destroyed two ships. This morning an English cruizer was signaled to windward of the island
Friday 9. Light S.Etly. air with cloudy weather. The cruizer out of sight or far off. Recd. from Bourbon (where it was left for me by Capt. Dale of the Streatham) Vol.17 of the naval Chronicle, was which contains an account of the voyage of the Rolla to China and St. Helena, after quitting Wreck; as also mention of my unjust imprisonment here. An account of our shipwreck is probably in Vol 16, which I have not seen, and perhaps of my papers to the Royal Society upon the marine barometer and changes in the variation of the compass. I judge the author of the article to be Mr. Purdie who was my surgeon's mate. Recd. also two volumes of the monthly mirror. - In the evening the red flag was hauled down, and a French brig signaled
Saturday 10. Light S.E. breeze with very fine weather. In the night thunder with rain
Sunday 11. Calm with cloudy weather. The Red flag hoisted again this morning, shew with a pendant shewing the cruizer to be off the Coin de Mire: it afterwards approached the port. - Employed upon the magnetism of ships and of the earth, and reading Le Génie des Anciens by Madame Victorine de Chastenet. Towards noon the wind rose from N.Etwd. followed by much rain
Monday 12. Mod. N.Etly. wind with dull weather. Employed with my young scholars and as yesterday. The English cruizer out of sight this morning. Squally at times with rain
Tuesday 13. Fresh breeze at Et. S.E. with thick squally weather. Nothing upon the signal posts this morning, but in the evening I saw a ship signaled through the haze rain, I believe of the government
Wednesday 14. Fresh breeze at times from the eastward, with dull squally weather
Thursday 15. Mod. Etly. breeze with finer weather. Recd. 6 months (the first of 1809) European magazines left me by captain Lynne. My friend Pitot, who hoped to have the voyage of Baudin amongst other books on board Le Fantome at Bourbon, says, that his correspondent writes, that only one volume of it had been published: this was in Sept. last. Nothing is yet known of the purpose for which La Mouche No.27 was sent here in such haste from France: The gazette announces Peace between France and Austria.

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1810 Feb.
Friday 16. Fresh Etly. wind with squally weather. Employed upon the magnetism of the earth, with my young scholars, and reading Le Génie des Anciens and the European magazine.
Saturday 17. Light Etly. breeze with finer weather. André D'Arifat with his wife and child came to pay a visit to their mother and sisters. I learn that capt. Ramsden of the cartel had been to pass a few days at Flacq
Sunday 18. Mod. Etly. wind with fine agreeable weather. Our family visited the neighbours Chevreau, where we found the families Chazal and Chermont. This evening Mr. Labauve joined us from the town, and informed me that Mr. Hope had requested a permission to visit me here; and that if he obtained it, he proposed to be here with my friend Pitot tomorrow
Monday 19. Nearly calm with some showers at times. Afterwards fresh E.S.E breeze with light squalls Recd. a note from my friend Pitot, who was on the road to visit me, but obliged to stop short from an accident. It appears that Mr. Hope had not obtained permission to accompany him, but my friend writes, that the commissary has still the same hopes of seeing me soon, and of carrying me away with him on his departure: I fear that he is deceived by the captain-general
Tuesday 20. Mod. Etly. breeze with fine wr. in general. This morning And. D'Arifat returned to Flacq, leaving his wife and child here. No signal of any kind upon the hills, for these last several days: A foreign brig signaled at noon
Wednesday 21. Thursday 22. Etly. breeze with squalls of rain at times. Employed as before and reading the Gazette de France for the month of Sept. last. M. André D'Arifat who had visited M.M. Hope and Ramsden in the town, writes that the former still preserves the hope of seeing me soon, and of carrying me away with him in the cartel, which is to sail next month. This same thing has been told me several times during the last two months; but upon what basis Mr. H. founds his hopes, I know not; nor have I any expectation of its taking place
Thursday Friday 23. Light Etly. wind with dull weather and rain at times. Fine in the afternoon
Saturday 24. Same wind with fine weather
Sunday 25. Same fine weather. My friend Pitot passed the day with me, but I did not learn anything new from him relating to my hopes of liberty by the cartel.
Monday 26. Reading the gazettes de France and the Annales des voyages of Malte Brun
Tuesday 27. A breeze from the northward with fine weather. Employed with my young scholars and in reading the Monthly Repertory published at Paris. A brig arrived yesterday and another today
Wednesday 28. Light Noly. air with fine weather. Mr. Labauve passed the day here
March Thursday 1st. N.Wly. breeze with cloudy weather, but continued dry the whole day as before
Friday 2. Light Noly. breeze with fine weather. Writing my observations upon the magnetism of the earth, and reading the monthly Repertory. Dined by invitation with our neighbour Chevreau, at whose house I met Mr. and Mrs. Chazal. These last do not appear to be satisfied that I have ceased to visit them in consequence of the general's order not to quit the plantation of Madame D'Arifat.
Saturday 3. Fresh N.Etly. breeze with cloudy weather. A French brig arrived yesterday, and a brig of the government signaled this morning. André D'Arifat returned this evening
Sunday 4. Fine weather: warm here and hot in the low parts of the island. The family Chazal passed the day with us; and in the evening we all paid a visit to our neighbour Chevreau. This Evening Mad. D'Arifat received a letter from Bourbon, dated Feb. 28 last; by which it appears, that the bad state of pecuniary affairs in that island, continue to give much trouble to my friend Charles Desbassayns, who has charged himself with the concerns of his two brothers, gone to France

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1810 March
Monday 5. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. Employed in researches into the position of the magnetic poles of the earth, with my young scholars in Astronomical problems, and in reading the Monthly Repertory to English literature. As yet I hear nothing of Mr. Hope, the commissary's projected visit to me, or of the foundation of the prospect he has often expressed of taking me away with him.
Tuesday 6. Same light wind and fine weather. Wednesday 7. Our ladies went to pass the day with our neighbours Chazal; and after making some magnetic calculation, I went and joined them at dinner, and returned late in the evening after them. Received a present of a prettily worked purse with a charming little letter from Miss Noëmé Sauvejet, and interesting little girl of 11 years old.
Thursday 8. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather: Slight squalls passed during the day
Friday 9. Mod.Etly. breeze with cloudy weather. I learn that letters addressed in the hand writing of Mr. Charles Baudin, had been seen at the government house. These letters, if not addressed to me, speak, without doubt, of what I have to expect from the French government, - of the interest taken in my affair by the persons to whom he carried letters, - and of the result of his own efforts to procure a reiteration of the order for my liberty, or one for sending me to France. These letters appear to have been heedlessly or maliciously given to the government by the passenger on board the Fantôme to whom Mr. Baudin had entrusted them.
Saturday 10. Calm with cloudy weather, after some rain in the night. Messieurs Curtat, Carrier and Labauve came to visit us this evening. Today I dined by invitation with Mr. Chevreau, where I found Mr. and Mrs. Lachenardière
Sunday 11. Cloudy with flying showers of rain. Our morning passed at tric-trac
Monday 12. Light Etly. air with fine weather. Mr. The Abbé Carrier quitted us early, following his two companions who left us last night. A heavy summer shower fell today and did much good.
Tuesday 13. Nearly calm with fine weather. This afternoon, I received a letter from Mr. Hope announcing that he had a promise from the government of my departure with him for India in the cartel; to which, however, I fear to give full confidence, having been before deceived in a similar case. I judge, that if it is intended really to let me go, that the general has received some fresh orders concerning me by La Mouche, which arrived shortly after the sailing of the cartel for the Cape. Wrote an answer to Mr. Hope, and to my friend Pitot who had had the goodness to send an express: requested him to order for me some shirts, jackets, and pantaloons, of which I should have need in case of departing in the cartel
Wednesday 14. Mod. N.E. breeze with fine weather, after the rain, and thunder of yesterday noon. Sent away my express early. A French brig signaled. Some rain at noon.
Thursday 15. Noly. breeze with cloudy weather. A foreign ship signaled. Employed finishing what I have been able to determine relative to the magnetism of the earth. My friend Pitot writes me to use great precaution in the correspondence I have may have with the government relative to my departure,- to disguise my real sentiments, and to go to town as short a time as possible before the departure of the cartel; having much apprehension that a sense of the enormous injustice I have suffered here may not permit me to be so conciliating as the case requires - Some rain at times with unsettled weather: Much thunder during the night.

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March Friday 16. N.Etly. breeze with dull unsettled weather. Employed with my young scholars in astronomy, and myself in finishing my notes upon the magnetism of the earth. I learned this evening, that three French cruizers had sailed on the 14th. and that it was supposed the cartel for India would sail on the 20th. or from that to the 25th.; but as yet I hear nothing official of my approaching liberty. - Fine weather, though heavy clouds hang about the horizon
Saturday 17. Fine weather this morning, after much lightning in the night. A French brig signaled.
Sunday 18. Mod. Etly. breeze with fine weather. I had a visit of M. M. Chevreau, Airolles, Lachenardière and Gourelle, with whom I afterwards went to dine, at the house of the first. Mr. Labauve, and Thomas Ravel came to visit us: I learn from the latter, that the cartel is expected to sail on, or soon after the 25th. of this month; but I do not yet learn any thing official of my going on her.
Monday 19. Light Etly. airs with fine, but rather too dry weather. I am a little suprised to hear nothing further, either for or against my going in the cartel: this, I think, is an unfavourable sign. Accompanied two of our ladies in a walk to the Mare aux Vacouas, where we found Mr. Chardenou, proprietor of the plantation upon its borders, a man who has travelled much in Madagascar
Tuesday 20. Mod. N.Etly. breeze with fine dry weather. Today is full moon, and tomorrow the equinox, two periods which, when they fall together, are much redoubted by the inhabitants here, on account of the hurricanes. Having finished my notes upon the magnetism of the earth and of ships, employed now in completing my abridged narrative up to this time
Wednesday 21. Mod Etly. breeze with fine weather. A French ship signaled this morning to leeward. I perceive that all the vessels which approach the island come now on that side; under the apprehension I suppose, of meeting with English cruizers. I was surprised to receive a note today from my friend Pitot requiring to know, of what the clothes, which, on the 13th. I requested him to order for me, were to be made! This shews either very little attention on his part to fulfil my request, or very little hope of the early departure of the cartel, of which indeed he does not say a word
Thursday 22. Mod.Etly. breeze, with light squalls of rain, but fine in general
Friday 23. Same wind and weather as yesterday: Light squalls of rain in the night
Saturday 24. Fresh Etly. breeze, with fine weather: Light squalls of rain at times. A prize brig signaled to windward this morning. Mr. Ed. Perichon passed the evening with us.
Sunday 25. Light Etly. air with fine weather. It is said, that nothing is yet decided, concerning the departure of the cartel for India; nor do I receive any further information of my promised liberty
Monday 26. Same dry weather as yesterday. Reading 2 vols of Monthly Mirrors sent me from Bourbon
Tuesday 27. Fresh Etly. breeze with fine weather. Light squalls of rain at times. Some small vessels signaled. I learned at noon, that the sailing of the cartel was deferred to Saturday next; and that the commissary still entertained the same hopes of my liberty as before. Mr. Labauve has been with us these two days, with a M. Morron, land surveyor, to measure a small plantation he has bought near us.
Wednesday 28. Fresh Etly breeze, with occasional squalls of rain. Received a letter from colonel Monistrol, saying that the captain general authorised my return to my country in the cartel, upon condition of not serving hostilely against France and her allies during the course of the present war; this was accompanied with notes from M. M. Pitot and Hope felicitating me upon the event. Visited our neighbours Chevreau and Desfosses, preparatory to going to the town Mr. and Mrs. Lachenardiere accompanied our family from the formers, here to supper, and I had the pleasure of beating Mr.L. at tric-trac. Sat up till one oclock writng letters to my friends here

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March - Thursday 29th. Early this morning the an English cruizer was signaled between the port and Coin de Mire, which will probably stop the cartel from sailing on saturday, as Col. M. has announced. Having written and despatched letters to all my friends in different parts of the island, and taken leave of my good and excellent friend Madame D'Arifat and her family, I set off after dinner for the town, stopping at Mr. Chazals and Mr. DeGlos' on the way. I saw four ships cruizing before the port, and so near that the forts fired a few shots to make them keep further off. At dusk I lighted at my friend Pitots, where I received the cordial congratulations of the family and of some other persons there, upon my approaching departure. Messieurs Hope and Ramsden afterwards came to pay me a visit: the commissary thought that the appearance of the cruizers would not much delay the cartel. Capt. R. had the politeness to desire me not to take up my time with any preparation for my cabin or table on board: he would provide every thing. We separated with the agreement of my breakfasting with them tomorrow morning. Weather warmer here
Friday 30. Two ships signaled this morning, afterwards only one. After breakfast, I accompanied Mr. Hope to colonel Monistrols office; where I was received politely, but it did not appear that any steps had been taken to regulate the affair of my vessel. The colonel promised to speak upon this subject, but more particularly upon that of the 3rd. volume of my log book, of which I offered to give any extracts signed with my hand.
Called upon Mrs. Curtat, and dined with Mr. Pitot's family, which, however, did not prevent me from accepting an invitation from Mr. Foisy to meet my countrymen and women and fellow passengers in the cartel, to dinner at a late hour. I received many felicitations and expressions of interest, but more particularly from Mrs. Scot, a worthy Scotch lady of the old school. We did not break up before midnight
Saturday 31. Squally weather this morning. Three of the cruizers in sight but at some distance. After breakfast, went out to see after my clothes, and to make purchases. Paid a short visit to Mr. Hope and went to dine with Mr. and Mrs. Curtat, as did my friend Pitot. Found there Mr. Labauve and Aristide, come to town in expectation of seeing me off. In the evening visited Mrs. Scott, her brother Mr. Hunter and the two Miss McCargs, where came Misses Barton and Button. Received felicitations upon my departure from several of my friends, some personally, other by letter
Sunday April 1st. Went out and passed the day at the River of Latarriers with Mr. Sauvejet. Mr. Labauve, who dined with us, returned to Tamarinds after dinner, finding no immediate prospect of our sailing. He presented me with a pretty tric-trac-board, and also with Chess pieces, to amuse me on the passage to India. Wrote in the evening, the occurrences of the day to my good friend Mad. D'Arifat, as usual.
Monday 2nd. The weather very warm these last two days, there being almost no wind. The dutch vessels not yet gone, as well from the presence of the English cruizers before the port as from the want of wind. M.M. Hope and Ramsden breakfasted with me here. I yet hear nothing from colonel Monistrol of my journal, and the account to be given me of my vessel. In the evening paid some visits of compliment. Was visited by Mr. Chevreau and by Mr. Hunter; and in the evening by Mr. Wohrnitz.

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April Monday Tuesday 3. Post N.W.
Calm nearly as usual. The cruizers from the port to the windward of the island. Received a letter from my friend Ch. Desbassayns dated at Bourbon March 24. and as usual every morning a letter from Mad. D'Arifat. Accompanied Mr. Hope on a visit to Colonel Monistrol; but we cannot as yet learn anything of our departure, nor did he tell me any thing concerning my journal Mr. Hunter dined with us, and in the evening he accompanied Mrs. Scot and the Miss McCargs on a visit to Madame Pitot. I passed a part of the afternoon with Madame Curtat.
Wednesday 4. Wind Noly. with warm weather. The cruizers from the port round to the windward of the island. It appears that the American schooner is lost upon the coast, having been ordered to anchor in the night off one of the forts in an improper place. She had been chased ineffectually by the frigate cruizing off the port. Mr. Lachenardière visited me
Thursday 5. Wind and weather as before, and no prospect of the Dutch vessels getting out. Called upon Mr. Hope this morning. Dined at Mr. Brunets with the Pitot family. In the evening visited Misses Barton and Button at the house of Madame Bedar. - The captain general came to town this morning but the commissary did not see him: In the evening Mr. Monistrol sent me the permission to pass 24 hours at Mr. Pitots country house. Mr. Pitot Curtat called upon me and had the goodness to offer me his horse for my journey tomorrow
Friday 6. Cloudy threatning weather. Went out in a great cavalcade of chaises, palanquins and horses to Chimere. Our party was numbrous and some appropriate songs were sung, in on of which was a verse complimentary to the English whom friendship had brought there, and a wish that before a year the two nations might be united as we were at that time. It is my friend Thomy who is always the poet of the occasion. Dancing went on till two in the morning when we supped, and the dancing afterwards continued to daylight. Of my countrymen there were M.M. Hope and Hunter, Mr. Scott, and the two Miss McCargs: The polite and complaisant conduct, as well as their talents, have done honour to our country, amongst the French people. Weather rainy with much thunder and lightning during the day and night
Saturday 7. Finer weather. The cruizers in sight, at different distances off the lee side at the island. Walked in with my friend Thomy; and after dressing and taking a nap, we went to dine with Mr. Hope, who had been called by the captain-general to the Reduit for tomorrow. The cruizers are said to be six in number.
Sunday 8. Light N.Etly. wind and fine weather. Walked out to breakfast and pass the day with Mr. Sauvejet. The Etly. wind coming fresh, gives me hopes of the Dutch vessels speedily getting out. Walked to the town in the evening and drank tea at Mr. Brunet's, who had had a second attack of apoplexy, but slighter than before. Wrote to Madame D'Arifat the events of the day, as I am accustomed to do every evening.
Monday 9. Fresh Etly. breeze and fine weather. Went up to Mr. Pitot's belvidère at daybreak but saw the Dutch ships still in the port; one of the cruizers having kept close off during the whole night. I expected with some impatience to see Mr.Hope on his return from the Reduit, but he had come back this evening.

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April Tuesday 10. Mod. S.E. breezes with fine weather. I had the mortification to see the Dutch vessels still in the port this morning; and from the advanced state of the moon there is now little hope of seeing them gone for some weeks. Called upon Mr. Hope on his return from the Reduit. It appears that I am not to have my journal, or any account of the Cumberland, the pretext for which is, that I am set at liberty at the particular request of Lord Minto, and not in consequence of orders from the French government. The captain-general said, that several copies of my journal had been sent to France, and that the giving me one of them, as also the final arrangement of my affair, would depend upon the government. When Mr. Hope requested that I might be permitted to take a copy of the journal, the general said it was impossible. - There seems to be some hopes, that the general will at length consent to sending out a flag of truce, to obtain a promise that the cartel shall pass unvisited, and that the commissary will obtain to go in it - Dined at Mr. Brunets, and in the evening accompanied the family out to a collation at Mr. Dayots, about a mile from the town. On returning, called upon Mr. and Mrs. Andre' D'Arifat who had arrived in town from Vacouas, accompanied by my young friend Aristide. - Fresh breezes and cloudy weather, with squalls at times
Wednesday 11. Breeze Etly. with fine weather. Four cruizers before the port, one of which appears to be a 64. Dined with Andre' D'Arifat and his wife, and in the evening accompanied them on a visit to Madame Dumouhy. We had a large party at supper this evening at Mr. Pitots
Thursday 12. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. Only two vessels off the port this morning The captain-general came into town today, but it does not appear that he is yet disposed to let the cartel go, until the Dutch vessels shall be gone. Spent the evening at Mad. A. D'Arifats and at M. Brunets, in company with several English gentlemen and ladies. Rainy wr.
Friday 13. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. The cruizers spread almost all round the island, but it does not appear that there are more than four: only one is in sight off the port. An American ship, prize to the Victor, is said to have got into Port Jacotet: She came from China, and is said to be valued at 180,000 dollars. I dined today with Mr. Hunter where was a large party of French and Englishmen. It appears that the captain-general is gone out of town without having taken any steps upon the sailing of the cartel. Mr. Hope did not see him, but had a long conversation with M. Monistrol, who said that the general would inform Mr. H. of his determination tomorrow
Saturday 14. Same warm weather, and the wind as yesterday. Mr. LeBlanc,
going to Batavia on the Dutch vessels, to command a regiment, came to me this morning to request a letter of recommendation for himself and wife in case of their being taken: but which I, of course, could not give. Visited Mr. Hope this morning by his desire, to meet colonel Ministrol. He informed us, that the general had the intention of sending out to the squadron, and of letting the cartel go on Tuesday next. The general was at this time gone to La Savanne to see the prize entered there, but was expected to be in town on Monday. I received permission to dine at Mr. Kerbalances country house tomorrow, but was recommended to defer my project of going out to Vacouas until it should be seen what Tuesday would produce

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April - Sunday 15. Fine weather. The cruizers almost all round the island. Accompanied M.M. Hope and Ramsden out to Mr. Kerbalances country house, about 4 miles in Wilhems Plains; where was a large party of both French and English who passed the day, amongst them Mrs. Scott and three young ladies. Walking, cards, and chess, occupied the time between breakfast and dinner; at dinner some toasts were drunk, amongst them that of the health of my wife; in the evening dancing, until we broke up at ten oclock.
Monday 16. Light Etly. winds with fine weather. The cruizers from the Black River to the Coin de Mire. Made some visits this morning in company with Mr. Hunter. Passed the rest of the day at home. Mons. de Lis, an apothecary esteemed here for his knowledge of natural history paid me a visit this evening. Wrote a letter to M. Ch. Desbassayns (See priv. let. book of this date)
Tuesday 17. Fresh Etly. breeze with fine weather. A single frigate in sight, off the port. The general instead of being arrived this evening, is not expected before Thursday; consequently we can have no hope of anything being done relative to our departure before that time. I received today the payment of my allowance up to the end of March
Wednesday 18. Two cruizers off the port this morning. Breakfasted with some English gentlemen at Mr. Augustin Baudin's, who shewed us a collection of medals, mostly Roman A French frigate signaled this morning, and our cruizers gave chase, but she appears to have got into the Black River. Two other French ships (frigates I believe) where also signaled, which makes me think they are La Bellone, La Minerve and Le Victor, which went out on a cruize from hence some weeks since. At noon, I accompanied Mr. Hope to see M. Monistrol, whom I requested to ask a permission of the general on his arrival in town, for me to pass a few days at Vacouas, should nothing be determined upon our immediate departure
The frigate in the Black River is L'Astrée, captain Le Maren, sailed from Cherbourg the 14 Jan. having 50 artillery men and stores for the colony, as also bills of exchange. Accounts are received of the arrival of four merchant ships from these islands, one of which was totally lost in Bordeaux River
Thursday 19. Fresh S.Etly. breeze with fine weather. Two cruizers to windward, and a frigate passing to leeward of the port. Two ships off the Morne Brabant, supposed to be French. Dined today with Mr. Catoire, a well informed man, educated in l'Ecole Politecnique at Paris. The captain-general not in town today, nor do we hear anything further of the departure of the cartel
Friday 20. Light Etly. wind, with dull weather. The general came to town but this morning; but col. Monistrol informed Mr. Hope in the evening, that His Excellency was too busy with his despatches for him to speak upon the subject of the cartel. It appears that the Astrée has taken a small vessel which had brought provisions to the cruizers and was returning to the Cape of G. Hope
Saturday 21. Strong Etly. wind with thick weather, and heavy rain at times. Called at col. Monistrol's to know whether the general would allow me to pass a few days at Vacoua; but found him not at home. Dined with Mr. Hope, and afterwards went to obtain my permission, but was positively refused, even to go to Mr. Pitots country house where the family pass every Sunday. Nothing yet determined upon our departure: The delusion now is, that the captain-general will again be in town in a few days, and come to a determination relative to the cartel; but it is the third time that the same put-off has been used. It appears that several frigates are expected from France which is supposed by the public to be the present cause of our detention.

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April - Sunday 22. Strong S.Ely. squalls with thick rainy weather; but the Dutch vessels do not get out, nor do the cruizers keep far off the island. The family Pitot being at Chimere passed the day mostly alone in reading. Saw the newspaper, the Star, from the 1st. to the 8th. of January last.
Monday 23. Etly. wind more moderate, weather cloudy: Breakfasted with Mr. Catoire with whom I had much conversation upon subjects of natural philosophy. Dined with the commissary Mr. Hope in company with my friend Pitot and two English gentlemen
Tuesday 24. Thick rainy weather. Having but little hope of our early departure, sent back one of the two slaves of Mad. D'Arifat which I have had with me. I learn that the talk of attack upon this island begins to revive; it is certain that the English newspapers talk of troops sending out to India, and that Lord Wellington will probably be appointed commander in chief; nevertheless I do not think an attack upon the I. of F. probable Heavy rain, with thunder and lightning almost the whole of the day. Cruizers still in sight
Wednesday 25. Light NEtly. air with cloudy weather. Saw two cruizers at some distance to leeward of the port. Paid a morning visit to M.M. Holloway and Waugh, the former of whom had been unwell In the evening Mr. Hope informed me, that he had sent a letter to the captain-general, relative to the great hardship and inconveniences of the long detention of the cartel; and that colonel Monistrol had informed him this morning, on the part of the the general, that His Excellency had not given written an answer to His letter, purpose to do it on his arrival in town, and at the same time to fix a day for our departure: the general is expected tomorrow
Thursday 26th. Wind Ntly. with rain at times. Two cruizers at some distance off the port. Dined with Madame Curtat
Friday 27. Wind Noly. with dull weather. Dined with Mr. Hunter. Colonel Monistrol called in the evening, as he often does there, and we learned that a frigate and sloop of war had joined the cruizers, it was supposed, from the Cape. The intention of the captain general to fix the day of our departure is, it seems, suspended by this unimportant event, as he wishes to see whether the cruizers will send in a flag of truce first.
Saturday 28. Much thunder early, with a constant succession of vivid ligtning. A breeze sprung up from the S.W.ward, and it began to rain heavily at daylight. Towards noon it became calm, and the weather cleared up a little. In all directions I see the waters rushing in a hundred small streams down the sides of the mountains, and the waters of the sea discoloured out to some distance beyond the reefs: the rivers are said to be overflowed. Dined with a large party at M.M. Hope and Ramsdens.
Sunday 29. Nearly calm with fine weather. Went out to breakfast and pass the day with Mr. Sauvejet's family at the Riv. Lataniers, the stone bridge of which was carried away by the water from the hills. Spent an hour at Mr. Curtats on my return. The cruizers at a considerable distance in the morning but they approached near the port in the evening

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1810 April
Monday 30. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. This morning five cruizers were in sight at some distance off the port. Passed a part of the afternoon with Mr. and Mrs. Curtat, in expectation of Mr. Labauve and his sister arriving arriving, but I was disappointed
Tuesday May 1. Fine weather. Five vessels assembled together before the port of which one is a brig said to have brought provisions. In the evening a cutter is said to have joined them Dined with Mr. Catoire, in company with several beaux esprits of the Isle of France; amongst other M. Bernard, secretary, and M. Lefebvre, captain of the guard, to the captain-general. Mr Labauve and his sister Delphine arrived about noon at Mrs. Curtats, and I went to see them
Wednesday 2. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. This morning the signal was made for the national guard of the neighbouring quarters to proceed to Port Jacotet, where one of our frigates made an attack upon an American prize and a small French vessel. A schooner which came in sight was chased into the Bay du Tombeau by other cruizers, and a cannonading between them and the forts was heard until late at night. My friend M. Thomy Pitot being to make a visit to his sister at La Poudre d'Or, with M. M. Hope, Ramsden and others, he wrote a request to the captain-general that I might be permitted to go with them; but was answered that it could not be granted. Dined with Mr. and Mrs. Curtat with Mr. Labauve and his sister; and in the evening accompanied the ladies in a visit to Mad. Herbecq, who had come to town from Tamarinds.
Thursday 3. Nearly calm. Same cruizers in sight off the port as yesterday. We learn this morning that an advice boat L'Estafette had been cut out of Port Jacotet and M. Etienne Bolger, commandant of the Qr.of La Savanne, carried off prisoner. This is the gentleman who first gave to the captain general, the suspicions against me, that were the first cause of my imprisonment here. I am in some hopes, that a flag of truce will pass between the island and the cruizers, which may contribute to hastening the departure of the cartel. - The schooner arrived in the Baye du Tombeau, is L'Hirondelle sailed from Bourdeaux in the middle of January: Many private letters are arrived by her.
Friday 4. Calm. Three of the cruizers before off this side of the island, with the little schooner L'Etafette, taken at Port Jacotet, and the victualler brig. In the evening a boat went out with a flag of truce, but the breeze coming fresh from S.E., the cruizers at some distance, and it being late, the boat returned without communicating with the squadron. The object of the flag of truce is said to be, to obtain the restitution of M. Etienne and some other persons taken with him for it appears that he was not taken alone. Called at Mme. Curtat's in the evening, and accompanied Mr. C. upon a visit to Mr. Hunter, with whom we were invited to dine tomorrow. Mr. Hope, the commissary is not yet returned from his visit to La Poudre d'Or

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1810 April May
Saturday 5. Fresh S.E. breeze with fine wr. A large sailing boat went out about 8 o'clock with a flag of truce which was answered by the commanding frigate of the squadron. About 10, the boat got on board. At 12 h 1/2 saw boats pass from the frigate to the sailing boat, which she afterwards took in tow. The ships before the port are two frigates, a 50 gun ship, a ship sloop, a victualling brig, and the little Estafette, all of whom shewed their colours - This morning a ship from Madagascar commanded by M. Ripaud de Montodeverd who committed so many cruelties at Tapanouly, got into the Grand Port. Had a visit from M. M. Barbé de Marbois, and Gonderville - Dined with Mr. Hunter in company with Mr. Curtat. In the evening I learned that Mr. Hope had arrived in town at noon, but had not had any communication relative to the flag truce, nor had the boat got back at dusk.
Sunday 6. Mod. S.E. wind and fine. Three frigates in sight. I am told that Mr. Etienne and the officer taken with him, are come on shore; and that twenty soldiers are sent off to the cruizers in return. It is was the Iphigenia captain Lambert that commanded the squadron until yesterday when the Syrius Capt. Pym joined It appears that the French cartel left the Cape 46 days ago to return here. The cruizers are said to have European intelligence up to Feb. 6, at which time there was much talk in England of a prospect of peace. Captains Rawby Hatley and Corbet in the Raisonnable and Caroline had gone to England. Mr. Hope applied today to communicate with the squadron, but was told it could not be done at this time
Monday 7. Mod. S.E. wind with very fine wr. Two frigates anchored about two miles off the entrance of the port about 9 o'clock: these are the only cruizers in sight. Was informed by Mr. Hope that he had received orders to be in readiness to sail tomorrow or Wednesday. It appears that the captain-general had requested the commander of the squadron to let the cartel pass without being visited: This he had refused, but promised to take no person out of her. Wrote letters to my friends Labauve and André, who propose to see me off, and informed some others of my friends in town of this agreeable news
Tuesday 8. This morning was sent me from the Etat-major my allowance for the last month, and an order to embark on board the cartel this morning; but which, at the request of M. Catoire, with whom I am to dine, was changed to the evening. Visited M.M. Kerbalance, Saulnier, and Robles; took leave of my good friend Mad. Curtat, and M. Barbé de Marbois, and packed up my trunks. Dined with Mr. Catoine, took leave of the family of Mr. Pitot and went on board to pass the night. Only two 5 of the passengers I find can have cabins, (with the exception of the ladies,) those are for Lt. Owen late commander of the Sea Flower and myself. I received to day a diploma as corresponding member of the Society of Emulation.
Wednesday 9. Etly. breeze with fine weather. M.M. Curtat and Labauve having come on board to see me, and there being no orders to the contrary, I accompanied them on shore to breakfast, but came back to the ship immediately afterwards, having purchased two chairs for my cabin. The English ladies and many other of the prisoners came on board this morning. I find that my going on shore, has not been liked, and orders are now given to the Guard to prevent people going and coming without permission. Nothing yet determined for our sailing

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1810 May
Thursday 10. Light SEtly. breeze with fine weather. The vessels for Batavia having gone out last night, we have hopes of sailing tomorrow. Got my cabin pretty well to rights today, and all the passengers were now on board, except the soldiers and sailing whom the French government keeps to the last moment. In the evening the cartel from the Cape anchored at the entrance of the port; after having been visited by our cruizers a circumstance that may cause some delay in our sailing.
Friday 11. Same fine weather. The orders to prevent communication between the cartel and the shore, now so strictly observed, that servants are not allowed to pass. However, I had the satisfaction of seeing the three sons of Mad. D'Arifat yesterday - We are told that the Cape cartel has brought only the French officers. I saw pass by in boats M.M. Fred. Pitot, and Felix Froberville from the Cape, to whom I had given letters of recommendation. In the evening I received a packet of gazettes and a letter from captain H. Lynne at the Cape. He informs me that my proposed plan was not approved by admiral Bertie, which renders my present situation in the cartel so much more precious. Saw my friends Th. and Ed. Pitot alongside the ship, they not being suffered to come on board
Saturday 12. Same fine wr. Wind Noly. We have yet no certainty of when we may be permitted to sail, but this afternoon Mad. De Caen sent on board some plants and seeds for India which I consider to be a good sign. Re
Sunday 13. Misty weather, followed by a fresh S.E. breeze which cleared it away. One of our cruizers in sight off the port as usual. Mr. Hope went out to Reduit, to take leave of Mad. De Caen and her family
Monday 14. Mod. S.E. breeze and fine weather. I learn from Mr. H. that the day of our departure is not yet fixed, although it is probably to be some day this week. Recd. a letter from col. Monistrol inclosing a letter from Mad.
Vernicour desiring me to certify the having seen her husband at Port Jackson and his being fixed there. See priv. let. book of this date for answer. Wrote a letter to Mad. D'Arifat, which I sent on shore early to her bazar man, the servant being permitted to go early, but with great difficulty afterwards
Tuesday 15. Some fine weather. Perusing a treatise upon telegraphic and naval signals in manuscript, written by Lt. Owen, one of our passengers, who appears to have paid much attention to this subject. Nothing yet known with certainty as to our departure, although it is now a week since our five ladies were sent on board
Wednesday 16. Light airs and fine as usual. This afternoon it was said, that a line of battle ship had joined the cruizing squadron
Thursday 17. Same wind and fine weather. The cruizers signaled to be from the Black River round by the port to l' I. aux cerfs: we see a frigate and a 50 (apparently) off the port. Employed reading Mr. Owen's manuscript on signals, and Robisons proofs of the Illuminate
Friday 18. Light S.E. wind with fine weather. The two decked ship hoisted a flag of truce this morning, which was answered by the town, and at eight o'clock we saw a boat coming in. About noon, a boat passed with some English soldiers and sailors (16 as reported), which she delivered to the English boat lying at a buoy at the entrance of the channel; and returned with the commander of L'Estafette and two or three other in exchange. Our departure does not appear to have been a subject of communication from the squadron. Captain Lambert of theIphigenia, it is said, commands the squadron

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May - Saturday 19 Fresh S.E. breeze with fine weather. An American prize sent here by La Bellone is said to have been retaken by our cruizers
Sunday 20. Strong Et. wind with fine weather. Our guard on board is now increased in number and somewhat in severity: it formerly winked at our sending servants for shore for our commissions. Six ships, besides the schooner L'Estafette were seen off the port today. Recd. a friendly letter from Mr. Labauve, which I answered in the evening
Monday 21. Fresh Etly. breeze with fine weather in general. Six ships and L'Estafette in sight off the port, and one or more to windward of the island. Squally weather in the evening
Tuesday 22. Fresh Etly. wind. It is said that the frigates Boadicea and Magicienne have joined the cruizing squadron, now under the command of captain Josiah Rowley of the former. Reading Mr. Owen's manuscript, as also the new Naval Instructions which he has lent me; and these with chess and tric-trac are the amusements of the whole day. I now and then receive letters from some of my friends on shore, but with difficulty, no person but two servants to the bazar, being permitted to go on shore. The commissary and master of the ship excepted
Wednesday 23. Mod. Etly. breeze with fine weather. The cruizers off this side of the island mostly. In consequence of an application from the commissary, the sergeant of the guard received orders to suffer a certain number of servants to go on shore
Thursday 234. Light breeze and fine. There is said to be much talk on shore of an expected attack upon the island. A frigate dismasted said to be signaled to windward of the island
Friday 245. Nearly calm with cloudy weather. We learn from the shore, that fears are entertained of an immediate attack upon the island, and that the general is gone upon a tour to visit all the forts.
Saturday 26. Calm, with very warm weather. In the evening, squalls from the southwd. Employed principally in reading the new Naval Instructions
Sunday 27. Mod. S.Etly. breeze with cloudy weather. Strong squalls of wind in the afternoon
Monday 28. Light S.E. breeze with cloudy weather. Some of our lady friends having come to row round the cartel, the serjeant permitted them to come on board, and my friend Pitot with them. It seems to be thought, that we shall be allowed to go on the first of June
Tuesday 29. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. A large frigate off the port, and so near, that two bombs were fired at her from the Isle aux Tonneliers
Wednesday 30. N.Etly. wind with squally weather. The little Estafette being close in to the entrance of the port, was fired at by two forts. She seems to be employed sounding off the port and entrance of the Grande River.
Thursday 31. Light N.Ely. breeze with spitting rain at times. The captain general not yet returned to town from his tour of the island, so that we yet know nothing of sailing
Friday June 1. Light Etly. airs with cloudy weather. The cruizers signaled from the port round to the grand Port. This is the day upon which we had formed hopes of being permitted to sail, but the captain-general is not yet arrived in town
Saturday 2 N Etly. breeze with light squalls at times. The cruizers between the port and Coin de Mire, at the same time that a vessel is said to be entering the Black River. In the Gazette of last Wednesday was given an extract from a French paper, wherein mention is made of my communication to the Society of Emulation, respecting LaPérouse. This would certainly not have been inserted here, had I been to remain in the island

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1810 June Sat. 2 cont.
This morning the Eugenie from Bourdeaux March 20, got into the Black River, and at noon a salute was fired from the wharf on account of the marriage of Bonaparte with a princess of Austria. The frigate Cannonière richly charged from this island is taken off Brest: It was said that the general De Caen and other officers had a principal share of her cargo.
Sunday 3. Mod. S.E. breeze and fine. An attack at the Baye du Cap signaled this morning, and we learned that a schooner had been taken there. A subscription made today amongst the prisoners on board, in order to give the seamen and soldiers in the Pondrière a good dinner on the birth day of our beloved king, tomorrow. About 250 doll. were raised: my subscription was 20.
Monday 4. Mod. S.E. wind with light squalls at times. This day was kept up on board the cartel with that joy and decency becoming the loyal subjects of a beloved king
Tuesday 5. Light Etly. airs with cloudy weather. I see before the port this morning a frigate, and the two schooners cut out, L'Estafette from Port Jacotet, and La Mouche No.23 from La Baye du Cap. We yet hear nothing of our departure. Began learning the Malay language, having borrowed Howison's dictionary from a passenger. This language may be useful to me in exploring the islands between Timor and New Guinea which I propose to do in my future voyage
Wednesday 6. Light Etly. breeze with fine weather. Cruizers from La Savanne to the Coin de Mire. It seems extraordinary, that the commissary can received no answer to his letter relative to our departure, and that obstacles are thrown in the way of his seeing the captain-general: Our ladies have now been on board a month, and as close prisoners as any of us. It appears, that an American vessel prize to the Bellone and Minerve, retaken off this port, had given information of the frigates cruizing ground; and that the Leopard and a frigate are gone after them
Thursday 7. Light S.E. breeze and fine weather. Mr. Francos came on board at noon and paid the prisoners up to the end of this month, and me up to that of the last. He brought also a parole for me to sign, promising me one of them before sailing, with a certificate from the Chief of the Staff, of my being permitted to return to England. The commissary was invited to go to colonel Monistrol, where he learned, that the general intended to send us away immediately, and would see him in a day or two. He applied to col. M. relating to the certificates for my journal, vessel &c. and learned that positively none would be given
Friday 8. Mod. S.E. breeze with fine weather. It appears that four men have deserted from one of the cruizers with a boat, and reports are in circulation about an attack on the Black River, which we fear may have some effect on our departure. This evening I had the pleasure of seeing Mr. Labauve on board, the serjeant of the guard being indulgent
Saturday 9. Same fine weather. The two French frigates in this port, and the Astrée at the Black River being nearly ready for sailing, we observe that there are generally two or three English frigates that keep off the port. Nothing as yet contradicts our hopes of getting away before in the beginning of the next week

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June 1810
Sunday 10. Calm with warm weather. The cruizers from the Black River to the Coin de Mire. Mr. Hope went out by appointment to the Reduit, the country seat of the captain general, and we have much hopes of his receiving our sailing orders. Misty weather with rain.
Monday 11 Calm with warm weather. Reading Mr. Marsden's history of Sumatra and studying the Malay language. Heavy rain at noon. On the commissary's return he informed us that he was to see the captain-general in town on Tuesday morning to receive his despatches
Tuesday 12 Mod. S.E. breeze with cloudy weather. This morning provisions came on board to replace those consumed the last month. Sent farewell letters to some of my friends on shore
Wednesday 13. S.E. breeze with fine weather. Two frigates, a sloop of war, and L'Estafette before the port. The pilot came on board at daylight, and the shore boats began to weigh the anchors (4) by which the ship is moored. Received some obliging farewell letters from my friends on shore, and visits from my good friend Thomy Pitot, from M. M. Robles, Genieve, Pigeot, and Wohrnitz. Received 46 seamen and soldiers from the prison. M. Regnier brought me from the government, 607/8 dollars, my allowance for this month of June. Sent away my little black servant Toussaint with a letter to Madame D'Arifat and a recompense, and took Wm. Herman, a seaman late of the Sea-flower as a servant. My sword was brought back to me, but could not hear of my two spy-glasses. Mr. Francos also gave me one of the copies of my parole with a certificate from colonel Monistrol, in which mention was made of the way in which I was to go to England. About 3 when the ship had swung was seen L'Estafette with a flag of truce and a boat went out to meet her boat. About the time she came back, the ship being swung (the cartel having got off from the ground where she stuck an hour, by the side of the channel) and we made sail out of the harbour, the sun being in the horizon as we passed the ports. The squadron being at some distance, and not coming towards us, it was nine o'clock before we spoke them, (3 frigates and a corvette. We found that captain Rowley had sent in this day, a promise not to visit the cartel if general De Caen would suffer her to come out; but after ascertaining that general De Caen could not have received this communication before we were under sail, he sent boats for the commissary and for me, captain Tomkinson of the Otter coming to fetch me in his boat. It appeared that the commodore intended to despatch the Otter for the Cape, tomorrow, upon which I applied to be taken out of the cartel; and having shown my parole and explained the conditions, I was under, it was agreed that I should embark in her tomorrow. It was 11 o'clock when we returned back to the Harriet.
Thursday 14. Mod breeze and fine weather. Having prepared my trunks to go on board the Otter with a quantity of fowls, fruit, and vegetables given to me by Mr. Ramsden, I took leave of all my shipmates in the Harriet, and went on board the Boadicea At noon the Harriet receiving three cheers on my departure. At noon, the Harriet, after sending fruit and vegetables to the commodore, parted company with three cheers. I dined in company with the commodore in company with colonel Keating, captains Lucius Curtis, Edgill, and Tomkinson, and in the evening accompanied the latter on board the Otter where I found my servant and things, except one trunk which he had left behind.

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1810 July in Simon's Bay at the Cape of Good Hope

Wednesday 11. We got to an anchor about 1/4 past noon, and the ship being secured, captain Tomkinson (of the Otter) went on shore to go over to Cape Town with his despatches from com. Rowley, for Vice Ad. Bertie and Lord Caledon. By him I sent a letter to the admiral (See pub. let. book of this date) and a private letter to Lieut. Henry Lynne, his signal lieutenant, with whom I had a correspondence in the I. of France; also a packet of letters for this place and St. Helena, received at the I. of F. mostly from the passengers of the cartel. - Not having any acquaintance here I did was not in a hurry to go on shore, but I went on board the ........ a ship which had brought a load of timber from the Derwent River and intended to take back wine &c. From the mate I learned the lamented death of colonel Collins governor of that settlement, - of governor Bligh being on his return to England in the Porpoise, and many particulars of persons at Port Jackson with whom I am acquainted
Thursday 12. Fresh breezes from the southward. Went on shore after breakfast to take a walk, and make the purchase of a few necessaries which I found to be about a hundred per cent above the English prices. Mr. Osborn formerly master builder when I passed in the Investigator accosted me in the street and walked with me. He introduced me to Sir Samuel Edward Butler, col. commandant of the 87th regiment and governor of Simon's Town, to whom I paid my compliments, was invited to dine, and returned on board. Shortly after I received a note from cap. Cameron of the 87th to say that by telegraph my presence was desired in Cape Town. I did not intend setting off till the following morning, for which purpose I had hired a covered waggon for 241/2 Spanish dollars, to convey myself, servant and baggage, but shortly after Sir Sam. Butler came on board and pressed me to go off immediately, having a horse ready and a dragoon to attend me As I had heard of the arrival of an India packet in Table Bay which was to set off immediately, I thought it possible that admiral Bertie wished to send me in her, and therefore went on shore and set off immediately, leaving my servant and baggage to come after me. Sir Samuel accompanied me to Musemberg, the first stage, where we changed horses, and once more half way from thence to Cape Town, the distance being 22 or 23 miles. I set off at one, and arrived at half past four, alighting at the admiral's door. The ship sailing for England was just then going out of the bay, and is the third vessel gone to England within a week. I dined and spent the evening at the admirals' and Mr. H. Lynne procured me a bed just by.
Friday 13. Went to breakfast at the admirals', but he, being very ill, did not appear. Mr. Lynne afterwards went with me to make purchases and got me a lodging and table at Mrs. Pietersons's for 80 rix dollars per day month for myself and servant. I afterwards went to pay my respects to His Excellency Lord Caledon, whom I saw, and to General Grey commander of the forces, who was not at home. At 3 o'clock, my servant and baggage arrived from Simons' Town

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Friday 13 continues
all safe. Mrs. Pieterson did not speak English, but she spoke French very well, and had improved herself with Felix Froberville, who had lodged at her house, I believe gratis. There were lodging in the same house, Major Millar of the 87th, Mr. Goodricke, master attendant with his wife, Messieurs Benson Bamfield & Newman in the civil service of the colony besides the son of Mrs. P. with his young wife. In the evening I received a card of invitation to dine with Lord Caledon on Tuesday next. I passed the whole day at home, and found myself already tolerably comfortable
Saturday 14th. Foggy weather, with spitting rain. The admiral sent for me in the morning, and after a perusal of the parole I had given to the government in the Isle of France, conceiving with me that I was under no obligation to refuse any information, that might be required of me relative to that colony and Bourbon, proposed to me the questions which will be found in the pub. let. book of this date, and requested me to give him written answers thereto. After settling some private things (one of which was agreeing with Mrs. Pieterson for board and lodging for myself and servant at 40 rix dollars for 14 days, or 80 per month) I set myself to making out the answers. I received a visit from commissioner Shields, very unexpectedly as I had not yet called upon him; and was invited by him to dine tomorrow. Today I dined at the mess of the 87th by invitation from my fellow lodger Major Millar, who commands the regiment in the absence of Sir Edward Butler at Simons' Town. - It was first intended that the Otter should be hove down and coppered, and that the admiral should go out in her to the Isle of France, but it appears today that captain Tomkinson will go alone, and without waiting for his ship to be coppered
Sunday 15. Fine weather. Received a visit from Mr. Alexander the colonial secretary, and from Mr. Bird the assistant. Wrote a letter to my friend Charles Desbassayns to go by the Otter; but on going up to the admirals with my answers to his questions; I found Mr. Taylor purser of the Otter, who thought it impossible the ship should sail in less than ten days, she being unrigged for heaving down, and her bowsprit out. Went to take a walk in the Company's Garden where there were the bands of four regiments playing in the great alley; afterwards went to dine with Commissioner Shields, where I passed an agreeable afternoon with him, his wife and daughter, forming a regular, sober English family. - Reading the newspapers up to the middle of March last, lent me by the commissioner
Monday 16. Fine cool weather. Reading some memoirs upon the I. of France lent me by the admiral. This day I passed wholly at home, except paying a visit to Mr. Alexander and calling at Mr. Maude's, and sitting half an hour with the admiral [Bertie]; but he was too ill, busy, and sulky as usual for me to stay long

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July Tuesday 167 - Dull weather. After making some arrangements with my clothes lately bought and writing a note to captain Tomkinson, employed making a sketch of the town and harbour of Port Napoleon, from rough sketches of the admirals. At 51/2 went to dine with His Excellency Lord Caledon , where I met commissioner Shields, and also Messieurs Alexander and Bird; all the other gentlemen, about ten or twelve were unknown. I more particularly remarked Mr. Faulkener the paymaster and Mr. Jones, the governors chaplain. We rose up about 7 to my great satisfaction, for I began to suffer cruelly from my gravelly complt.
Wednesday 18. Foggy, but fine afterwards. Took my sketch, and a list of the principal vessels arrived in the I. of France between Jan.1 and June 13. 1810, to the admiral. Wrote letters to M M. Hope and Ramsden, by Mr. Lynne who sets off today for Simons' Bay, to go out immediately to Bourbon in the Otter. Afterwards called upon Dr. Caerns of the Naval hospital, and walked up to the French prison, where I found a M. Amadée Kermorial aspirant of the first class, belonging to La Venus, kept amongst the women. I could not learn from him what was the cause of this, but took his address and promised to make enquiries into the circumstances. - Dined with commissioner Shield ,where I passed this afternoon and evening agreeably. - I find that Mr. Amadée Kermorial has been kept confined thus, in consequence of a complaint against him from colonel Keating.
Thursday 19. I dined today with Mr. Alexander, the government secretary, with a party mostly Dutch. In the evening he took me to a ball to see the Cape ladies
Friday 20 Fine weather. Breakfasted by appointment with Mr. and Mrs. Alexander, and afterwards rode out with Mr. Cator to Green Point, to see the regiments exercise, and to see a ship coming into the bay: Major Millar having obligingly offered me a horse for that purpose. Called afterwards on the admiral, who requested me to make him out a second sketch of Port Napoleon. I learn that the Olympia cutter, come from St. Helena to False Bay, is to be sent to England; but the admiral [Bertie] is so reserved and so little polite, that I do not like to ask him anything on the subject. Dined at home. Received a visit from a gentleman on the part of Mr. Pringle, the Company's agent here, with excuses of his not having called upon me, on account of his ill health, and making me offers of service in his name. Called upon commissioner Shield in the evening, which I spent agreeably in his family party. His family is a retired one, in the old English way. The vessel arrived is colonial.
Saturday 21 Fine weather. After speaking to the Commissioner and Lt. Mears the agent of transports relative to Mons. Kermorial, I this evening saw Mr. de Cotlogon, the admirals secretary upon the said subject, who appointed me tomorrow morning to give me the information I desire. Called today upon Mr. Pringle, the Companys agent, whom I found to be a gentlemanly obliging man. He knew the Abbé Carrier, with whom he had been educated in France, and had received letters from him by the French cartel, which spoke of my treatment in the I. of France, having excited the indignation of all thinking people in the island. Mr. Pringle me that he had seen my name mention in a French exposition of the progress of science in 1809.

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Cape Town 1810 - Sunday July 22
Fine cool healthy weather. Employed myself making out the second sketch of the town and port of the I. of France for Vice-ad. Bertie. Went at half past 5 to dine with Lt. Col. Pigot and the officers of the 21st light dragoons by invitation; Lt. Cator accompanied me. I left them at half past eight at table, to return home, having drunk a full sufficiency of wine, and went to bed
Monday 223. Beautifully fine weather. Employed upon my sketch. Lt. General Grey, commander of the forces here, did me the honour of a visit today, and apologized for not having returned my visit sooner. Looking over two volumes of the African Researches lent me by Mr. Alexander; and did not go out at all today
Tuesday 234 Fresh Noly. wind with cloudy weather and spitting rain at times. Took my sketch to the admiral, who seemed pleased with it, and asked me to dine, but I was previously engaged. Played three games at chess with Major Millar; and soon after noon went up to leave a card at my lord Caledon's. Called and sat half an hour with Mrs. Pringle. Dined and spend the evening with commissioner and Mrs. Shield, where were Mr. Johnston, agent victualler, Mrs. Johnston a lively musical lady, and Mr. W. Bird, comptroller of the customs.
Wednesday 245. Calm with cloudy weather. Wrote a letter to capt. Owen to go by the Euphrates, which is to sail for Madras tomorrow. Called upon Dr. Caerns, Mr. Maude, and on Mr. Kermorial in the French prison. Mr. Mears, agent of transports had just been with Mr. K. and told him that he would be let out of prison if he could obtain a surety for his conduct, but in consequence of col. Keating having written against him, he is not allowed to out on parole. - Left a card at Lt. Gen. Grey's. Dined with Mr. and Mrs. Pringle; then read the African researches till bed time
Thursday 256. Light S.W. wind with fine weather. Had a visit from a French inhabitant of the town who proposed to be surety for Mr. Kermorial, and to take him into his house Reading the African researches till 4, when I went out to dine with Mr. Wilberforce Bird. Paid a bill of 282 rix dollars (in Sp. dollars at 5s.6d and rupees at 2s.6d currency). I understand that the exchange in favour of bills upon England is from 20 to 25 per cent.
Friday 27. Fine cool weather as before. Major Millar left us this morning, to go with his five companies of the 87th to Simons' Bay, in place of a part of the 24th embarked on board the Euphrates for Madras. Called upon Mr. Blair, collector of the customs, from whom I had just received an invitation. Dined with Dr. Caerns of the Naval Hospital and a small party, amongst whom was Mr. Esse, Lutheran minister here.
Saturday 28. Cloudy weather. Went to breakfast by appointment with Dr. Caerns, who afterwards accompanied me to see the Lion and Lioness, the Gnew, the botanical garden &c. Called afterwards upon the admiral and the commissioner. Lt. Cator called whilst I was out to take leave previously to setting off for Simon's Town to go out in the Ranger to Bourbon. At 6 went to dine with col. Pigot at his house
Sunday 29. Rainy during the night and this morning. Reading the Memoires of La Bourdonnais. Went to dine with Mr. Secretary Alexander, where was a Miss Bergman, come from Germany to go as a missionary to the Namaquus; but it being represented to her, that she could not go unprotected, she is to be married to a Mr. Albrecht, a missionary just come in for that purpose: They both appear to be more than 40 years of age

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July 1810
Monday 30. Cloudy weather, and the streets very dirty, more rain having fallen in the night to the satisfaction of the farmers. I was engaged to dine today with Mr. Secretary Bird, but not finding myself very well, and the weather being rainy and nights dark and dirty, I sent an excuse. Reading the little novel of Alfred, which I came across this evening
Tuesday 31. Cloudy weather. On calling at the admirals' this morning, I found he was worse than he had heretofore been, and it was even thought he was not out of danger. Called upon the commissioner to look over his library. By this gentleman I am always received politely and kindly, and I went to pass the evening with his family. In looking over an Admiralty List there, I found my brother upon, but three years later than before; which time I suppose he has lost in consequence of some court-martial. I also find my favourite midshipman in the Investigator upon the lieutenants' list.
Aug. Wednesday 1. Cloudy weather with rain at times. Passed my morning in reading Went to dine with Lt. general Grey, where was a large company; afterwards played a rubber at whist at Mr. Alexanders. This latter gentleman is always pressing me to frequent his house, and invited me to go on a party to Saldanha Bay of which he wished me to make a survey. I believe this party is to be that of Ld. Caledon, who, after the P. of W's birthday, is going into the interior of the country. Had I not so many reasons for desiring to return to England by the very first opportunity, I should have liked extremely to have been of this party. The weather became fine this evening, the wind shifting to So.
Thursday 2. Fine weather. Walked out and made various calls. Dined at the commissioners, with Dr. and Mrs. Caerns, and Miss Bird, a well informed young lady with whom I conversed in French. Afterwards went to the Society Ball to look at the Dutch ladies: They are fresher coloured, but have less grace than the young ladies at the I. of France
Friday 3. Fine weather. Breakfasted with Mr. John DeWitt, and rode out with him to Green Point to see the troups exercise. We afterwards continued our ride along the sea shore, and returned by the road between the Table Land and Lion's Head. In this ride I had occasion to see the vast improvements made in the town and its environs since the year 1798, when I passed some months here. The town seems to be nearly doubled in extent since that time, and there were then none of those fields planted with corn upon the slopes of the hills, which now exist. Dined with Mr. Alexander with a small party, in which was Major Leech of the 72nd. who appears to be a well-informed reasoning man. The wind round at the north this afternoon, which has brought on cloudy threatning weather
Saturday 4. Calm with cloudy weather, after rain in the night. Reading Pratts' Gleanings. Dined today with Admiral Bertie. I had previously refused three invitations to keep myself unengaged for the admiral, he having invited me twice before when I could not accept; indeed I had not dined since the day of my arrival in Cape Town. Rainy this evening
Sunday 5. Light N.Wtly. wind with rainy dull weather. Writing up my Narrative. Dined with John De Witt, who shows me much hospitable friendship
Monday 6. Dull weather, with rain. Called upon Mr. Hill, commissary general, and on Mr. Pringle, from whom I got three numbers of late Edinburg Reviews. Dined at home today; but called and passed the evening with commissioner Shield. Weather finer in the afternoon
Tuesday 7. Dull weather and calm. After writing two hours of the narrative, walked up towards the table hill to bathe. Dined and passed the evening at Lord Caledons. Played at chess with Mr. Alexander, who seems to attach himself to me, more than any other person

[Page 241]
Wednesday 8. Fine weather. Writing my narrative. Lord Caledon sent me the Travels of Lord Valencia in India, Abyssinia &c. to read. Dined with my old acquaintance Mr. Maude and sat rather late.
Thursday 9. Foggy this morning. Breakfasted with John DeWitt, and afterwards rode out with him to Constantia belonging to Mr. Klooter; where I was shewn the vineyards, cellar, house &c. I remarked that the vines are cut almost close to the ground, leaving but two or three short and now thick branches. Mr. K. told me (in French) it was on account of the Noly. winds which destroyed the young shoots if high. In the cellar there were about 80 leagers full of Constantia wine, black and white, Frontignan, Pontac and Steine wine, all produced upon this farm. These wines are all made the same way, and therefore the difference is in the grape alone. I tasted them all, but preferred the white Constantia, though the Frontignan is dearer: the first costs I believe 100 rix dollars the half aum of about 20 gallons. Mr. Klooter is a plain Dutchman and not celebrated for politeness, nevertheless he invited us to dine (which we declined) and said if I passed any time in the colony, he should be glad to see me again to pass a day with him. One of the most remarkable things I saw was an immense stalactite of about six feet long and as thick, generally, as a man's leg. It had been brought from a cavern near Cape Hanglip , and must have weighed several hundred weights, including the base where it had been cut off circularly and about a foot and a half in diameter.- The little Constantia, which is close bye, belongs to a Mr. Colin, whose ancester emigrated here from France formerly: we did not go there. - The weather having cleared up, we had a delightful ride home; and dined at four o'clock with Mr. De Witts family. The distance from the town to Constantia, passing through Wynberg (on the road to Simmon's Bay) is 10 or 11 miles. -
In the evening, called and passed an hour with Commissioner Shields, agreeably as usual
Friday 10. Foggy weather. Writing my narrative and reading Lord Valentia. Called on the Commissioner this morning, and went with him over the dockyard and store houses; which were all in excellent order and, in general, well supplied. I invited myself to dine with Mr. Alexander and spent the evening there playing at chess with him. This gentleman presses me to frequent his house, and I am to ride out with him and dine with him tomorrow. - The weather became fine towards noon, as it did yesterday.
Saturday 11. Fine weather. Having yesterday wrote up my narrative to the time of quitting the Isle of France, employed mostly now in reading the travels of Lord Valentia, Prat's Gleanings, and the Edinburg Review. Rode out with Mr. Alexander to his country house at Green Point; and afterwards dined with him. Lord Caledon came in, in the evening, when we had some conversation upon South-Sea discoveries and discoverers.
Sunday 12. Fine warm weather. Reading Lord Valentia. Went up to the cascade under the Table Land to bathe. Dined with the Commissioner and his family by self invitation
Monday 13. Dull cloudy weather. A vessel arrived in the night from England, sailed Apr. 28. Sent my narrative for perusal of commissioner Shield, who invited me to go over and read Newspapers just arrived. In the evening the commr. called for me in his carriage to go to the governor's ball, given in honour of the Prince of Wales' birthday. The company was less numerous than usual on account of the rainy weather, but there were about 100 people sat down to supper at midnight. Not expecting to stay here so long, I had not provided myself with small clothes, dress hat or uniform, and was consequently the sole person there in plain clothes with boots and round hat, at which I felt awkward. Nevertheless I was honoured with much attention by Lord Caledon, and several of the principal officers. We returned home at 2 o'clock in the morning, the rain falling fast.

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Aug. Thursday 14. Dull thick weather. Reading Lord Valentia's travels. Dined with Mr. Falcon the dep. paymaster general. Weather rainy at times during the whole day: wind westwardly. Amongst my morning calls, made one to general Cockell, with whom I was to dine tomorrow. - Reading Lord Valentia's travels. Dined with Mr. Wilberforce Bird's with a party amongst whom was Mrs. Johnson the agent victualler's wife, a lively, talkative, agreeable woman. Very fine evening
Thursday 16. Fine weather: wind southerly. Reading Bell's weekly messengers for March and April last. An American ship arrived today in Simmon's Bay , and another coming into this bay. Dined today with general Cockell, where was a party ; amongst them general Grey commr. in chief. As I saw it is the invariable custom, when dining out, to go in full dress, I have provided myself with small clothes, and a dress hat, which expense I had intended to avoid, as also that of providing uniforms, in the hope of getting away very soon. The expense of every article of clothing here is very great: Silk stockings 8 rix dol. a hat 18 rix: boots 20 &c. and most other things in proportion
Friday 17. S.E. wind with fine weather. A vessel signaled which I hope may be from Bourbon It proved to be the Edward, a small transport, which had sailed on May 18, and brought many letters. I thought to have dined at home today; but Mr. Alexander called upon me and carried me off to Mr Mackrill's, and afterwards home with him to dinner; where I played a few games at chess.
Saturday 18. Same wind and fine weather as yesterday. Having finished Lord Valentia and 2 vol. of Pratt's gleanings, began the Edinburgh Reviews.
Went up to the cascade under the table mountain to bathe. The Hon. Lt. General Grey did me the honour of a visit. Went to dine by appointment with Lord Caledon, and afterwards with his party to the play house, where a Dutch ballet was performed, the dancing by children. The piece is called the Shipwreck and appeared to amuse the Dutch part of the audience who understood the dialogue. As I did not, the music and the dancing only interested me, and that but moderately: I came away before the piece was concluded, being wearied by the long time they took in shifting the scenery. The house was full and appeared to contain three or four hundred persons: it is not at all equal to the theatre in the I. of France
Saturday 19. Cloudy weather with a N.W. wind. Received a flattering note from commissioner Shield with my narrative which I had lent him a few days since. Also information that Lord Caledon wished to see the narrative, and which I sent him this morning with a note. Had visits from Mr. Pringle, commissioner Shield &c. Went to dine with Mr. Dashwood the receiver general, where was my Lord Caledon and other company.
Monday 20. Nearly calm, with cloudy weather. Reading Edinburgh Reviews, afterwards made a few visits. Dined at Major Campbell's of the 72nd . This officer has married a daughter of one of the Mr. Kloote or Klooter's, a rich family here: the elder brother is proprietor of Constantia
Tuesday 21. Cloudy weather. Dined with John DeWitt and afterwards rode out with him. We saw two coffee trees in a garden under the Table Mountain: they were tolerably flourishing and in green fruit; so that I think a coffee plantation might succeed very well here Dined with Major Leech of the 72nd at the mess room, but came home fairly sober. Rainy wr.
Wednesday 22. Cloudy weather. Breakfasted with Mr. DeWitt and talked politics with him. Afterwards rode out upon a horse lent me by Major Leech, and called upon Mrs. Bird to pay 42 rix dollars for 3 doz. of French claret Mr. B. is good enough to spare. Called afterwards upon the admiral [Bertie], who in answer to my inquiry whether he had any intention of sending home the Olympia cutter before the arrival of news from Bourbon, answered me so ill-naturedly, that I take it as a hint that the calls I have been accustomed to make every three or four days, will be dispensed with. The Nisus frigate from England signaled this morning from the other bay. Dined today with Lt. Gen. Grey, where was a large company. The frigate left England about the 22 June last

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Oct - 1810 - Spithead

Wednesday 24. Having waited upon Sir Roger Curtis, and finding I could procure no quicker conveyance to town than by the mail, I went out to the Dockyard to visit my old friend Park the master attendant, by whom I was received with great cordiality, and staid there till the evening.
Thursday 25. Arrived in town at 7 o'clock. Went to Mr. Bonner from whom I learned that Mrs. Flinders was in town. Took a lodging at the Norfolk Hotel and went thence to the admiralty, where I saw Messrs. Croker and Barsow, the two secretaries, and was treated with flattering attention. I learn my promotion took place on Sept. 24 last, previously to the late extensive promotion of post-captains, and from the day it was known I had arrived at the Cape of Good Hope. At noon, my Mrs F. came to me with Mrs. Procter. I was obliged to leave them in order to send up my card to Mr. Yorke the first lord of the Admiralty. During the time of waiting, I sat with my friend Pearce who let me a little into circumstances and characters. When sent for up, to Mr. Yorke received me with urbanity and appeared to appreciate my sufferings in the Isle of France. He told me that my commission should be dated back to the time of my embarking in the cartel, and on further conversation allowed me to present a memorial for its being antidated considerably. Put many letters in the general and 3d. post - Sir Ed. Pellew left his card previously to going down to his command, but I did not see him. I met Mr. Bauer and Mr. Brown called in the evening
Friday 26. After getting my hair cut, and myself measured, went out with Herman to Mr. Maudes (Great George St. Westminster) where he received £31. Went afterwards to the transport office to learn the names residences of prisoners for whom I had letters and some money. On sending my card up to the Board I was called, and they asked me many questions of the I. of France and Bourbon, and seemed fully disposed to comply with every thing. Returned home and wrote letters to Mr. Whidbey and Dr. Maskelyne, and postscripts to my wife's letters for the country. Mr. W. Franklin then went with me to Ld. Liverpool's Office, where I left my official letter concerning the Cumberland, and thence to Lord Spencer's House where I left a card. In the evening received a letter from the admiralty announcing my promotion since May 7th. last, and another requesting a copy of the order for my liberation. May 7th. is the date of the patent for holding the present board of Admiralty
Saturday 27. Answered the admiralty letter, and inclosed copies of the French minister's order for my liberation and its accompanying letter from colonel Monistrol. Then went out with W. Franklin to the admiralty, thence to the deliver Mr. Alexander's letters at Mr Reeves' Spring Gardens, thence to the Marquis Wellesleys where I left a card and thence to 76 Wimpole St. to Mr. Marsden's with papers concerning Sumatra, but

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found him not at home. Called at the admiralty in returning and had some conversation with Mr. Barrow relative to my proposed memorial to the Board, and to the publication of my voyage, on which last subject he paid me the compliment to say, that the writing of it could not be in better hands than mine. - Wrote a letter to my friend captain Kent of the Agincourt, and then went to my agent Standerts to learn the state of my accounts. After which dined and passed the evening at home with my wife as usual. Received a letter and packet from my brother Samuel, living on half pay in Devonshire.
Sunday 28. Weather rainy this morning. Staid at home to write letters. Went at two with Mrs F.) to dine with my cousin Mrs. Proctor, No. 63 White-cross street, where we staid till the evening.
Monday 29. Fine, but dirty. Went out to find Arrowsmith, whom I did not see, and my friends Mr. Wilson 41 Gower St. Bedford Square, and Mrs. Major 16 King St. Soho, the latter I found well, but had lost Mr. Major nine months before. Had some conversation about taking a lodging in her house. Went to Standerts, and thence with him to the Navy Office about my accounts. Found my pursery concerns in the hands of a Mr. Toulmin. At 6, went in a hired charriot to dine with Mr. Yorke, first Lord of the Admiralty, where, amongst others, were Sir Jos. Sydney York and Mr. Barrow At 10 1/2 h. came home well satisfied with my visit
Tuesday 30. Fine, but dirty. Went out to call upon capt. Waterhouse and admiral Hunter. The first I found in a very bad state of health, the admiral I met in the street, in good health, with col. Johnson. I learned that the investigation of the N.S.Wales business had waited captain Bligh's arrival, and was now likely to take place. Dined and spent the evening at home We dined at Mr. Bonner's in Fleet Street, and did not get home till near midnight
Wednesday 31. Staid at home to examine my brother's letter books. Had a visit from Hunter. We dined with Mr. Standert Gt. James Street Bedford Row, and got home about 11
Thursday Nov 1. Finding myself not well, staid at home to look over some pursery accounts. Wrote a letter for Herman to the captain of the Stork. Mr. Walker called upon me, with the account of the funded property left me by my father. Employed the rest of the day and evening at home
Friday Nov. 2. Mr. Ashmore called upon me. Went out with Mrs. F. to see Mrs. Major and the lodging I propose to take in her house. Agreed for two guineas a week, and to take possession on Monday. Visited my friend Mrs. King. Afterwards returned home to dinner, and passed the evening at home, writing some letters to French prisoners, and reading Attala to my wife
Saturday 3. Dull weather with small rain. Had a visit from Mr. Gold, editor of the naval chronicle. Went to the Transport Office to get letters franked for prisoners whose friends I had known in the Isle of France. Stopped at the Admiralty with my friend Pearce, and sent up a card to Sir J.S. Yorke. Went to my

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agent Standert relative to my accounts, and made one or two other visits. Dined at home with my wife and remained for the evening. Received an invitation from the Chairman of the E.I.C. to dine with the directors on Wednesday.
Sunday 4 Finer weather. Mr. Bonner called upon me this morning with the Stamford paper in which is an article which speaks of me. At 2, we took a coach to the Royal Exchange, and thence went in the stage to Hackney, where we passed an agreeable afternoon with Mr. and Mrs. Hippius and family. We returned the same way, and heard a very delectable discussion upon politics
Monday 5. Vice admiral Grindall did me the honour of a visit. Settled our account at the Norfolk Hotel for the eleven days we had been there, amounting to £17.10. Then took ourselves and luggage by coach to 16 King Street Soho to our new lodgings at Mrs. Major's. In the evening Mr. W. Franklin and my brother Samuel (arrived from Devon late last night) called at sat with us during the evening
Tuesday 6. Went out to alter my address at the Admiralty where I had the honour of seeing Sir Joseph Yorke. He was good enough to allow, that my claims upon the service exceeded what it was the Admiralty could do for me without superior authority. After calling on Mr. Standert returned home and spent the rest of the day with Mrs. Flinders.
Wednesday 7. Dull rainy weather as usual. My brother breakfasted with us. Went out with Mr. Walker of Richmond to the Bank, in order to take steps for transferring £550 in the Navy five per cents from my father's name to my name, and £500 in the three percents consolidated from the name of Hursthouse and Franklin to mine; the greatest part of this last has arisen from the interests of the former since 1802, when £600 in the Navy fives were left to me. Called on Mr. Toulmin and Mr. Standert to forward my accounts in the public offices; then returned and wrote a letter to my cousin Charles Hursthouse relative to the transfer of the £500 three per cents. At 5 1/2h. went to dine by invitation with the E.I. directors at the City of London tavern, where I received the same obliging attention as I have every where found since my arrival.
Thursday 8. Rainy. Went to call on Sir Jos. Banks who had arrived in town yesterday from Lincolnshire. There were too many people there for him to enter much into the subject of my voyage and situation, but he appointed me tomorrow morning previously to his going to the Admiralty upon the business of governor Bligh and mine. Wrote three letters to the Admiralty relative to my accounts. At 5, Mr. Standert called in his coach and I went to meet Vice-ad. Domett to at dinner at his house, where I passed an agreeable evening.
Friday 9. Fine weather. Went to breakfast with Sir Joseph Banks, after which I conversed with him upon the subject of my commission being antidated and upon the writing of the account of my voyage of discovery; upon both which topics he entered with much interest and agreeably to my views. Walked out to make some calls and purchases, and then dined and spent the evening at home in writing letters.

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1810 Nov. Sat. 10 My brother passed the day with us, when I had a general examination with him into the state of his public and private concerns -
Sunday 11. Called upon Sir Joseph previous to going down to Odiham to visit French prisoners for whom I have letters and money. Got down there by eight in the evening, accompanied by my brother, and sent for three French gentlemen to come and sup with me. To Mr. Chamisso I gave Mr. Sornay's letter and £12 for 50 Sp. dollars I had received for him. To Mr. Salaun de Kerbalance I gave his letter and 15 portuguese pieces of 8 dollars, sealed up as I had received them. To Mr. Gourel de St. Perne I gave his brother's letter. I sent also for Mad. Curtat's nephew, Ed. Osserve arrived a few days before from the prison ship, and gave him £10 which I found would be sufficient to buy him clothes, and agreed with Raggett and Co. bankers at Odiham for the payment to Osserve of £2 on the first day of every month
Monday 12. I had the same four French gentlemen to breakfast with me; they could scarcely enough express their thanks for what I had done for them, or did they appear fully convinced that I should have gone down to Odiham solely on their account. At 10 we left them to get back on a post chaise to Hartford Bridge, to rejoin the London stage coaches, and arrived in town about eight in the evening. Found that my excursion had cost me near £5.
Tuesday 13. The weather fine. Called upon Sir Jos. Banks who, I found, had seen Mr. Yorke on the subject of my memorial to the Privy Council, and upon the projected writing and publication of my voyage for the investigation of Australia &c. in both which all yet goes on well. Went thence to the Admiralty, and being able to see Mr. Yorke who was gone to Windsor, requested Mr. Barrow to mention my having called to present my respects and to mention my going down into the country for six weeks. Went afterwards with Mr. Standert to get £150 three per cents rcd. in his name and mine, transferred to mine. Called on Dr. Dale Devonshire St. Bishop's gate, and not finding him left an old letter from his son Alfred. After some other calls and business, returned home to a late dinner with my wife
Wednesday 14. Went with Mr. Walker to the bank about Mr. Hursthouse's burial certificate and affidavit. Called at the India House and saw Mr. Cotton upon the E.I.C.'s table money. Paid some visits and made some purchases with Mrs. F. My brother dined with us, and examined some pursery accounts for me, whilst I wrote to Mr. Ramsay about the table money, and a sketch of a letter to the Admiralty about my compensation which it seems is not to be allowed me after quitting the Investigator
Thursday 15. Went down to pay a visit to Dr. Maskelyne at Greenwich whom I found going to London. Went thence to Woolwich to see my friend, Whidbey, whom I found gone to London and for Scotland. Got home at 5, found my brother had shewn my sketch of the admiralty letter to Mr. P. and got his remarks upon it; also that Dr. and Mrs. Dale had called and left £9.10 in payment with interest of what I had advanced their son. Wrote the long letter to the Admiralty upon my compensation pay being allowed.

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1810 Nov. Friday 16. Fine wr. Went to Sir Jos. Banks, who gave me the skeleton of a Memorial to be presented to the King in Council, which he had got for me at the Council office, Whitehall. Gov. Bligh was there and talked much of his late arrest in New So. Wales. From thence went into the city, called on Dr. Dale 15 Devonshire Street Bishops gate, and on Mr. Hippius 47 Threadneedle St. Thence to the Bank for an affidavit for Mr. Ch. Hursthouse. Called on Mr. Henckell 104 Upper Thames St. upon the business of young Osserve, Mr. H. had been charged by Mrs. Osserve, through an intermediate person, to supply her son with money - Paid bills to Messrs. Peacock and Bonner, made some purchases and returned home to dinner. In the evening wrote a letter to Mr. Walker of Richmond, and a rough memorial to the King.
Saturday 17. Fine mild weather these last three days. Went out with Mrs. F. to make some purchases. Went to the Admiralty to consult Mr. Barrow upon my memorial to the King in Council. Learned that I was to receive either my compensation pay for servants or a sum adequate; but the Lords not wishing to establish a precedent, had not determined upon the mode. Returned home and re-wrote my memorial agreeably to Mr. B's suggestions. Wrote also a letter to Thos. Wilson Esq. of Maidenhead
Sunday 18. Called upon Mr. Toulmin 9 Duke St. Adelphi relative to my accounts as purser of the Investigator. Then took my memorial to Sir Joseph Banks who received me with much kindness as usual, and accepted my proposal of his taking it, after some slight alterations to Rt. Hon. Charles Yorke on Monday, in order to obtaining his approbation of it, previously to its being given in to Mr. Fowkener at the Council Office Whitehall. Returned home and wrote out the Memorial for the third time, with the corrections suggested by Sir J. B. and some little change of expression Mr. and Mrs. Procter, Mrs. Major and her son, and my brother dined with us today
Monday 19. Rainy dirty weather. Left my memorial and Lord Spencers letter with Sir J. B. in order to their being submitted to Mr. Yorke. Went to Bow Street to make three pursers affidavits, and thence to Mr. Toulmin at the victualling Office, where I finished all I could do towards the passing of my accounts. Went thence to the Transport Office, about Mr. Baudouin and the prisoners at Odiham. Found a letter there for me from Mr. Ed. Merle at Moreton Hampstead praying assistance. Wrote letters in the evening to Mess. Baudouin and Merle, inclosing £10 to the latter.
Tuesday 20. Called on Sir Jos. Banks, and found that he had not seen Mr. Yorke yesterday; but it appeared some difficulties were likely to be made about the memorial. Sir Jos. had sent it by Mr. Barrow to Mr. Yorke, stating that both he and I had no intention of proceeding in it, without his approbation. - After learning this, I went down to the Admiralty, and sent up my card, it being Mr. Yorkes levee day. There were many officers amongst whom I found Lt. Robb, made commander, Mr. Atkins confirmed lieut, and Lt. Taylor memorialing for promotion. I was soon called up, and Mr. Yorke informed me, that the Lords Commissioners had not judged it expedient to give me my compensation, on account of the precedent it might establish, but that they had ordered me £500 for my services after leaving the Investigator and on account of my expenses. He mentioned the subject of the Memorial, and said he certainly look upon it favourably; but that

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Nov. Tuesday 20 continued
but that he had not yet made his mind up upon it, and wished me not to flatter myself too much. I mentioned, that if the whole time I prayed for, was thought too much, that perhaps the date of the marine minister's order to set me at liberty might me admitted; but that both Sir J. Banks and myself wished to have Mr. Y's full and entire approbation of the measure, before proceeding further; and that I should receive with gratitude any accession of rank, which might accord with his ideas. I mention my approaching journey down into Lincolnshire and Yorkshire, on which he asked me if I came from that part of the country, and said he should be happy to see me on my return. - From the Admiralty I went to the Transport Office to give three letters for prisoners into the hands of Mr. Adams. After dinner went to inquire about Wisbeach coaches, and engaged places for Mrs. Flinders and myself for Friday morning to Cambridge. We intended to go in a post chaise had Mrs. Procter gone with us. My brother passed the evening with us, and I wrote letters to Mr. Ch. Hursthouse of Tydd St. Marys and to my mother-in-law to inform them of the time we expected to be with them.-
Wednesday 21. Mrs. F. seems unwell this morning with a sick head-ach. My brother breakfasted with me. Called upon Sir Jos. Banks to inform him of what I had learned yesterday and took my leave for Lincolnshire. Went to call upon Mrs. King 22 Nottingham St. Marybone, and thence to 47 Upper Berkeley St. Portman Square where I found my old friend Jamieson (late surgeon-general of N.S.Wales) upon a sick bed, where he has been confined this 12 months, with a consumption, and from whence I scarcely hopes ever to rise. After dining alone, Mrs. F. being in her bed, went to Nr. 5 Haymarket to Mr. Barber's, where I found Mrs. Paterson (the wife of my old friend the late Lt. colonel Paterson) with whom I conversed about an hour. Returning home I found a letter from the Admiralty informing me of their order being given to the Navy Board for paying me £500 in lieu of compensation pay.
Thursday 22. Dull weather, with rain at times. Mrs. F. is, happily, better this morning. Employed putting my things into trunks, and in packing up for our journey. Settled with Mrs. Major for our two and a half weeks lodgings, for which she made me pay three or six guineas, which had not been done in the Norfolk Hotel. My brother Samuel came and passed the evening with us. Recd. a letter from Mr. Croker giving me the official information of £500 being ordered me in lieu of compensation pay since I quitted the Investigator (£325). Left instructions with Standert about the disposal of this money when he shd. get it, and upon sending my letters after me into the country

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Nov. Friday 23. Got up early, breakfasted, and set off for the White Horse - Fetter Lane to go by the Cambridge Coach; we were five minutes too late, and were obliged to follow it in a hackney coach to the four swans - Bishop's gate Street. We had only one gent. and a Lady fellow passengers, the day was fine, and journey agreeable. We arrived at Cambridge (51 miles) at half past four, but too dusk to see any thing of the cathedrals and Colleges. Remained all night at the Blue Boar, where the coach stopped; and at 8h3/4 on
Saturday 24. Set off in a post chaise for Wisbeach: weather rainy, and roads dirty. Passed through St. Ives, Chatteris, and March where we were unable to proceed, the single post chaise kept in the place being engaged; however, it being at liberty before five in the evening, notwithstanding the representations of dark night, bad roads, and expense of four horses, we set off for Wisbeach and arrived before seven at the Rose and Crown. Found out there where Mrs. Hursthouse lived, and conducted Mrs. Flinders there, where was also my cousin Miss Hannah Hursthouse, and her brother Charles of Tydd came soon afterwards.
Sunday 25. Finer weather. We went to church and set by invitation in the vicar Dr. Jobson's seat, where was also captain Morris of the Navy. Saw captain Swaine, whom I had seen at the Admiralty on Tuesday last. Dined with Mrs. Hursthouse, as did Mr. Ch. and Mrs. H. and Mr. Jacks, father of the latter. In the afterwards set off for Tydd, taking Mrs. Hursthouse in our chaise, Mr. C. and his wife and sister, following in their curricle. In the evening, talked over with Mr. Ch. Hursthouse the affair of the £500 stock in the 3 per cent consols , being transferred over to me.
Monday 26. Strong S.E. wind and dull weather. Accompanied Mr. Ch. H. to Fleet, for him to compare the register of his father's burial, previously to making affidavit to it. Called upon Mr. Richard Dodd vicar of the adjoining parish but did not see him. Returned to dinner at Tydd and spent the evening with the family
Tuesday 27. Rainy in the night, but fine over head in the morning. About 10, my wife and myself set off with Mr. Charles Hursthouse in his curricle for Spalding, after taking leave of the three ladies and making a present to my cousin Miss H. Got to Spalding at 1 o'clock and met with my uncle Mr. John Flinders. Called upon my distant relations Mrs. Ayre and Mrs. Gayton. Dined at the White Hart, as did my uncle and Mr. Hursthouse with us. The latter then set off to return to Tydd; and we, accompanied by my uncle, in a post chaise for Donington. We alighted about six at my mothers in law, but found her at my sister Dodd's, where she had arrived but an hour before from attending the funeral of her sister Mrs. Franklin of Enderby. After supper, returned to my mother's where we propose to remain a week.
Wednesday 28. Made some few calls upon the old friends of my family. Saw my nephew James Harvey, a fine intelligent little boy of 13, and his sister Susan. We had Mr. Booth, my uncle, and Mr. and Mrs. Dodd to dine and spend the evening.
Thursday 29. Employed during the morning writing a copy of the probate of my late father's will, and talking over some concerns of with my mother and sister Henrietta. My half uncle Wm. Flinders of Boston, and my sister

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Thursday 29 continued - at Donington
Susanna and her husband Mr. Pearson of Boston came over to see me: the two last stopped all night.
Friday 30. Employed examining over and correcting the receipts and payments made by my mother-in-law of and concerning the property devised to her by my father for her natural life, and afterwards to his surviving children. We dined today with Mr. and Mrs. Dodd. Mr. and Mrs. Pearson returned at noon back to Boston.
Saturday Dec. 1. Employed still with the accounts. Mr. and Miss Shinglar came over by invitation to dine with us, and much pressed me to see them on my return to London through Folkingham. They returned in the evening - Closed the account of receipts and payments on account of the general succession, when it appeared that my fathers book debts and other monies paid in, have exceeded the outgoings for funeral expenses repairs &c. about the sum of £29. In the account [indecipherable] the receipts exceed the payments by £1.3 up to this Aug. 1810.
Sunday 2. Frosty fine weather these two days with a N.W. wind. Walked over to Bicker to see my cousins Charles and Bracebridge Green and Mrs. Trimnell, and came back to dinner. Afterwards my uncle went with me to make calls upon some of my fathers old friends
Monday 3. Went with my mother to examine the premises in tenure of Mr. Large which we found much out of repair. We propose, if the consent of all the interested parties can be obtained to sell this property, as the interest arising from the sale would give my mother £4 or £5 per annum more than the present rent, besides that the house is falling to decay - Went with my uncle to the Rev. Mr. Wilson for the purpose of getting extracts from the parish register relating to my great grandfather &c. who came and settled here from Ruddington near Nottingham, about the beginning of the last century
Tuesday 4. Called to take leave of some of our friends in Donington: and at 12 set off in a post chaise with my wife and uncle John. At 2 we got out at my sister Pearsons, when we passed the rest of the day and evening, except that we accompanied her to her meeting house to hear Mr. Stevens, a parti Calvenistic preacher, who seems to be a man of good sense and sound understanding. Some of our friends called on us
Wednesday 5. After breakfast went to call on my old schoolfellow Mr. W. Bowles, an attorney. Mr. Allen, formerly Miner on board the Investigator called upon me. Went with my wife and uncle to make some visits, after which went to dine with my half uncle Mr. W. Flinders, where were several people desirous of seeing and talking with me about my voyages and imprisonment.

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1810 December Thursday 6, at Boston
Rainy blowing weather this morning. Went to breakfast with Mr. Bowles with whom I talked about my fathers will, he thinks that the Trustees cannot give consent for Henrietta upon the selling of my late father's house; therefore we must wait till January 1812 when my sister will be of age. Mrs. Flinders and myself went to dine with Mr. and Mrs. Bailey, where was Mr. Allen and my friends of Boston We did not get home and to bed till near midnight.
Friday 7. Fine weather this morning. Went and made a call on my old schoolfellow Wm. Pattison, a merchant here. Purchased a tea-urn and made a present of it to my sister Susanna, and gave sweetmeats to the children. I gave a pocket book to Mrs. W. Flinders. Called upon Mrs. and Miss Foggon, my second and third cousins, and with Mrs. F. upon a Mrs. Rockcliff. We dined with my sister today, and Mrs. Stainbank and Mr. Stevens the preacher came in, in the evening. Mr. Lane of this Town, who has two sons in the army, called to shew me the letters of one of them. This son had served as a marine officer on board the Cornwallis, and in her been to China, Peru, Port Jackson, Madagascar &c.
Saturday 8. Dull blowing weather: wind S.Wrly. Sat down to write an answer to a letter from the Admiralty respecting Geo. Alder formerly my Carpenters Mate. Afterwards packed up our trunks, went and took an early dinner at Mr. W. Flinders', and set off in a post chaise and four for Enderby. We arrived at Mr. Franklins at 4 o'clock, and found there Willingham and Mr. John Booth and his wife.
Sunday 9. Frosty weather with a northwardly wind. Accompanied all the family to church to hear Mr. Fretwell; after which Willingham and I called upon Mr. Meads their neighbour.
Monday 10. Snow with a S.E. wind. Walked with W. to Spilsby. Got of Mr. Titus Bourne £50 belonging to Mrs. Flinders, and made an appointment with Mr. Cousins of Kirkby (executor in trust of my late uncle Ward) to see him on Wednesday morning, to settle my legacy and examine the will. Called on Mr. Job Lound my old schoolmaster, to hear news of his son Sherrard whom I wish to get promoted, and to pay him a small sum due. We dined with the Rev. Mr. Walls of Spilsby, at his particular request, and by whom I was treated with the most polite attention. Walked home in the evening at dusk through the snow. I do not feel the cold weather more than others appear to do
Tuesday 11. Fine frosty morning. Some of the neighbours called at Mr. Franklin's to see them and us. Wrote a letter to Mrs. Carr of Louth to inform her of our intention to be there on Saturday next.
Wednesday 12. Wind S.Etly. with rain and snow, so that I thought it necessary to defer going to see Mr. Cousins at Kirkby which is four miles distant Mr. Booth, W. Franklin and myself went to dine at Mr. Rochdales where we met Mr. and Mrs. Hunt of Partney.

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At Enderby - Thursday Dec.13. Weather mild this morning. Rode to Et. Kirkby to call on Mr. Cousins. Saw Mr. Ward (my uncles) will, and that it had been complied with as far as the sum left would go. Received the acknowledgement for £200 which he had held for me, of the Spilsby Bank. Returned back to Enderby to dinner. In the evening Mr. and Mrs. Lound came from Spilsby to see me and staid till after supper. Paid him the remains of £2.2.6 which I had found myself indebted to his son, now in the Warrior at Messina in Sicily
Friday 14. Wind S.Wtly. with light rain at times. Rode to Spilsby, and got from the bank the interest (£1.2) due on the £200; on giving in the acknowledgement, they were to write to Veres their London bankers to pay me £200 on my calling for it; to prevent imposition they sent up my signature. Went thence to Parton's and filled up a legacy receipt for £195 being the amount of what I receive fro the will of my late uncle Wm. Samuel Ward.
Paid the stamp duty of £4.17.6 (being 2 1/2 per cent) and one shilling more; with instructions for the receipt to be given to Mr. Cousins when it shall be stamped and registered. Wrote to Mr. Cousins what I had done, hired a post chaise at the George for the afternoon, and then returned with Mr. John Booth to Enderby to dinner. On the way Mr. J. B. expressed a great desire that his brother Edward, now chaplain in the Dragon, could go out with me in case of my going another voyage on discovery. About 3, we set off in the post chaise for Partney, to pass one day with Mr. and Mrs. Hunt, who are old friends of my wife's, and worthy respectable people. Yesterday my wife kept her room with a violent sick headach, but to day she is better: these pains attack her now and then but seldom last more than one day. - Passed the evening at Mr. Hunts
Saturday 15. Wind Wtly. and weather mild for the time of year. I went with Mrs. Flinders about Partney to visit her old friends, nurses, servants &c. to all of whom she wished to show her lion, and to give some trifle. Mr. Hunt had the goodness to dine rather early on our account, and we got off in the post chaise a little before 3, for Louth. About 6, we were set down at the door of Mrs. Carr, my mothers sister, where I wished to pay a visit, and make a little present, on our way to Hull and Beverly. My poor aunt, has a husband worse than useless in the house, and an unfortunate Daughter [indecipherable], two other daughters are of great use in the druggists shop she keeps, and assist her in supporting her burthens; and I am happy to find their business answers very well
Sunday 16. Same mild weather as before. Mrs. Flinders went to church with the youngest Miss Carr, but I staid at home to write. In the evening a Mrs. Langhorne came to visit Mrs. Flinders, and a sensible woman she appears to be
Monday 17. Took leave of my aunt and cousins, and at 11 we set off in a post chaise for Cuxwold, which I agreed to take in our way to Boston at the pressing request of Mr. George Whitworth, at whose house we arrived at 2, dined, and passed the rest of the day and evening.

[The manuscript leaf containing entries between 18 and 27 December was removed prior to the journal being received by the Mitchell Library]

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At Hull - 1810
December Friday 28. Weather moderately fine. Went to the News Room as usual with Mr. Newbald, to read the London papers. Recd. a letter from Mrs. O'Beirne to inquire of the fate of her nephew Mr. Denis Lacy (for answer see letter book of this date). Mr. Hollingworth called upon me with his son Andrew, whom he wishes to send to sea under my care. I pointed out a course of study for him to pursue until the age of fifteen, when I propose sending him with some one of my friends if I do not go to sea myself. Mr. Bromby called at noon, and I accompanied him in a walk to see the outskirts of the town of Hull. We saw the steam engine, made by Watt, by which the water that supplies the town, is raised to the level necessary for that purpose: Mr. Atkinson, the superintendant was very obliging in shewing and explaining. We had a party today to dine at Mr. Newbald's, amongst others Mr. Lutwidge, collector of the customs for this port, a gentlemanly man whom I liked much
Saturday 29. I did not go out this morning, although Mr. Hollingworth called to accompany me had I been so disposed. Today we all dined with a Mr. Kirkbride, a neighbour of Mr. N's and were handsomely feasted.
Sunday 30. Snow this morning. We went to the new church this morning to hear service. Mr. Lutwidge called upon me this morning, and accepted an invitation to take tea and pass the evening, when we had some conversation upon my discoveries in N.H. and imprisonment in the I.of France. This day we passed quietly at home
Monday 31. Wind Etly, weather dull. Went with Mr. Newbald to the news room, then to inquire the time of the boat going to Barton tomorrow, and paid £7 for two places from Barton to London on Wednesday. Called upon Mr. Lutwidge at the custom house, afterwards on the Rev. Mr. Bromby, who had proposed to go with me to see the Arsenal; but finding him busy till it became late, returned home and wrote, amongst other things, a letter to Mrs. Major to announce our arrival there on Thursday evening the 3rd. I remained this day, longer than my first intention, in order to dine with Mr. Alderman Hollingworth, a cousin by marriage of Mrs. Flinders'. After passing a rather pleasant evening, we got home earlier that usual
1811 Tuesday Jan 1st. Wind Etly. with dull weather. We got up early, breakfasted, took leave of Mrs. Newbald and Miss Tyler, and went down to the passage boat, at 8, but did not set of for Barton till past 9. At 10 landed, and in the confusion Mrs. F. lost a band box. Mr. Arton met us, and we accompanied him to his house in the town, to which the box was afterwards brought. We dined and spent the day with Mr. Artons family, quite retired

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1811 At Barton.
Wednesday Jan.2. Wind eastly. with snow. At noon the Barton coach called for us, and we set off straight for London. Dined at Lincoln, supped at Folkingham, breakfasted at Stilton, Dined at Baldock, and got to our lodgings about 10 at night of Thursday the 3rd. after an absence of six weeks, and having been 34 hours in the coach.
Friday 4. Wind Etly. and frosty. Called on Sir J.B. and found that nothing had been determined about writing my voyage more than when I left town. Went thence to the Admiralty and saw Mr. Barrow; but found that the first lord was too much occupied in the cabinet councils for me to see him before Tuesday, his audience day. Went into the city, and received the £200 I had deposited in the Spilsby bank. Called on my agent to know how my accounts in the Navy and Victualling offices were going on, and returned home to dine and pass the evening; and wrote out a statement of the different manners in which the last six £600 given by the E.I. Company might be divided between myself and the men of science and officers of the Investigator
Saturday 5. Cold Etly. wind. Called upon Sir Jos. Banks to submit to him the statement of the division of the £600, which he requested to keep for a little consideration. Bought an expense book, and employed myself the rest of the day in making out the statement of my expenses under proper heads, from my arrival in England to this time. Mrs. Flinders confined to her bed with a head ach, most of this day.
Sunday 6. Still frosty cold weather. Got Peron's account of Baudin's voyage from Sir Jos. Banks. Mrs. Procter and Mr. and Miss Hodgkinson called upon us; and we accepted an invitation to dinner on Thursday from the latter persons Wrote some letters, and read part of Peron's voyage; after we had taken a walk.
Monday 7. Dull weather, but not yet a thaw. Walked out with Mrs. Flinders, to pay a bill for Mr. Bromly and make some small purchases. Tried to find out my brother's lodgings, but ineffectually.
Tuesday 8. Still frosty. Went to the Admiralty, but found Mr. Yorke's audience day changed to Monday. Saw Mr. Edgecombe his private secretary who appointed me for noon tomorrow. Called at the transport office concerning the prisoners of war. Went to call upon Mrs. King. Mr. Walker of Richmond called upon me today, as did my brother Samuel The latter dined and spent the evening with us
Wednesday 9. Wind S.Etly. with snow. Went to the Admiralty but found that Mr. Yorke was indisposed and could not see anybody. Informed Sir Jos. Banks of my disappointments; and received from him the paper of distribution of the E.I. Company'[s £600, which he determined should be the same as done with the £600 received before sailing. Went to Mr. Procters in the city, and called on the French Count de Fouchécour within the liberties of the Fleet. Received a note from Mr. Yorke, appointing one o'clock tomorrow to see me. Wrote in the evening.

[Page 255]

In London January 1811
Thursday 10. Thick fog this morning. Got from Osb. Standert three order of £50.4 each, for the three men of science, being their proportion of the Company's money; and after calling vain at the Admiralty to see Mr. Yorke, called on Messieurs Bauer and Westall, and delivered them their orders, with a letter explanatory of the mode of division. Went to dine at Mr. Hodgkinson's, Snow Hill, where a party was invited to meet Mrs. F. and myself; but she was kept at home by a head ach.
Friday 11. Dull weather, with a thaw. Did not go out today, being employed in writing to my mother and Mr. Hursthouse upon family affairs. My brother called to dine, and brought two stamps, upon which we made out our receipts for our legacies of £600 each, left by our father's will
Saturday 12. Mild open weather. After sending off my letter to Mrs. Hursthouse, went again to the Admiralty in the hope of seeing Mr. Yorke, and I succeeded. Upon the arrangements to be made for writing the Investigator's voyage, he referred it to a committee of Sir J. Banks, Mr. Barrow, and myself; and between the two first I got one o'clock tomorrow fixed for the discussion. Upon the subject of my memorial for antidating my post rank, Mr. Yorke seems to have much cooled, and gives me very little hopes: he says indeed it must be done by another board, he himself not expecting to remain many days longer. Sent back the statement of the division of the E.I. Companys £600 to Sir J. Banks at his request. In the evening reading Peron's account of Baudin's voyage.
Sunday 13. Mild fine weather. Went to Sir Jos. Banks' at one to meet Mr. Barrow to make arrangements for my writing the Investigator's voyage. It was generally settled that the admiralty should pay the expenses of reducing and engraving the charts, landscapes, figures, and the parts of natural history, and that the [indecipherable] of the voyage should pay the printing and paper and all other expenses. I ask if, during the time I was employed writing the voyage, I could not be put on full pay, which would make up the difference of expense I should be at betwixt living in the town and privately in the country, but Mr. B. thought the Admiralty would object from want of a precedent. Thus, in all appearance, my time and labour must be given in, - it will cost me £500 or 600, and I cannot be employed during the time in any way that might be advantageous to my fortune.
We dined today, stupidly, with Mrs. Major and a small party of Goths.
Monday 14. Dull weather with some rain at times. Having hired a more commodious lodging at No. 7 Nassau St. Soho, for the same money I paid Mrs. Major, we shifted our lodgings this morning - Went to the admiralty and saw Sir Jos. Yorke and Adm. Domett; but I find little encouragement to hope that any date of my post rank will precede May 7, on which day it is now dated
Tuesday 15. Went to the bank with Mr. Walker, to get my mothers and Mr. Franklin's powers registered, and to see the mode of proceeding in obtaining the dividends

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At No.7 Nassau Street - Soho Jan. 1811
Wednesday 16. Fine westwardly weather. Went Went to Sir J. Banks' in consequence of a note from him. Found that he had the authority of the Admiralty to superintend all the work, and make arrangement for the expenses. Went thence to the bank, and Mr. Walker got the £550 stock, navy five per cents transferred to my name, and £500 stock in the three per cents consols; and I bought in £450 in the Navy fives to make upon £1000 in that stock - On returning home, carried a letter from Sir Jos. Banks to Mr. Barrow, from whom I got an order to the hydrographer to deliver up to me all my journals, charts, and papers, lodged in his office. Went to dine by invitation, with Mr. Secretary Croker, where was an agreeable party.
Thursday 17. Open weather. Called at Sir J. Banks'; upon Major Rennell who was ill and could not be seen; - upon Major Parkinson 78 Park Street Oxford Road, and upon R. adm. Losack No.1 Orchard Street. Stopped at Arrowsmiths on returning, to talk about the engraving of my charts. My brother dined and passed the evening with us.
Friday 18. Still open weather: wind westwardly. My brother breakfasted with us, and we examined the calculation of my solar eclipse. Called upon Mr. Croker who shewed me the letter which had been written to the French ministry relative to my parole and journal; and which appeared to be done well, and with energy. Saw my friend Mr. Whidbey. In the evening received my charts and journals from the Hydrographical office. Considered with Mrs.F. upon the various modes of living in London, proportionate to our means, which we find very inadequate to the expense of living even in our present way
Saturday 19. The day being fine, and having no particular business in the morning, Walked out in the park with Mrs. Flinders and my brother. Left them at one, and called in at the admiralty to see Mr. Barrow and get Mr. Westalls sketches for Sir J. Banks, which were sent to me in the evening. Meet with Lt. Col. Foveaux in the street. Inquired the price of lodgings in several places, but did not learn that I could get any cheaper than my present ones, at 2 guin. per week
Sunday 20. Fine weather. Went down to Greenwich to dine with Dr. Maskelyne the astronomer royal, with whom I had some conversation upon astronomical subjects, but from his great age, I could not come to much understanding with him upon any thing, particularly upon the publishing of our observations in the Investigator by the Board of Longitude, which I wish to have done. I got back at 10 at night, with some difficulty, all the stages being full on a Sunday
Monday 21. Open weather, with spitting rain. Went to the bank, where I settled my bank concerns with Mr. Walker from whom I received £8.2.2; but we could not get £6.15 the dividend on £500 consols, in the name of Hursthouse and Franklin; the former being dead, the bank requires a fresh power from the survivor. Went to Sir Jos. Banks, where it was settled that Mr. Arrowsmith should reduce and engrave my charts, and call tomorrow upon me to settle the scales, and ascertain the number to be engraved. Also that I should examine Mr. Westalls sketches with the author, and form an opinion upon what would be required. Received Rossel's account of D'Entre-casteaux's voyage from Mr. Arrowsmith. Received my trunk and things from Woolwich. In the evening making out my stock account.

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At 7 Nassau St. Soho. Jan. 1811
Monday 21. continued. Settled with my landlord Mr. Hyde, Jeweller, for £2.10 per week, on his finding fires, and my giving him a month's notice before quitting
Tuesday 22. Mr. Arrowsmith called by appointment at 10, and we settled upon four inches for the general sailing scale of my charts of the coast of Australia. These charts, with the general chart and particular parts, will make 11 large charts and 4 smaller ones. My brother dined with us, and began calculating my eclipse of Mar 4. 1802 without the speroidal corrections. Making out my stock acct. in the evening. Wrote to Mr. Westall to call on me tomorrow morning
Wednesday 223. Employed till near three o'clock with Mr. Westall selecting sketches of the south coast to accompany my charts, and we had not then finished By this I was prevented from going to the Admiralty and Transport Offices as I had intended. Wrote to Mr. Franklin, sending him a bank power of attorney to execute. Wrote also to Mr. Bowles. Received a box from Beverly, belonging to Mrs. Flinders. Reading Rossels account of D'Entrecasteaux's voyage.
Thursday 234. Fine weather. Bought port wine at 3/9 per bottle, good. Mr. Westall came and I was employed with him selecting sketches: we chose 14 for the south, and 14 for the east and north coasts of Australia, completing enough for two Atlas sheets. Mr. Grimes called upon me. My brother dined with us, and he and I calculated out the eclipse without spheroidal correction; but it came nearly the same.
Friday 245. Dull weather, but moderately fine. Went out in the morning to my agents, to the Victualling office about some difficulties in my last pursery account; thence to the Transport Board about Messieurs Chamisso and Millet (see private let. book of this date) and to the Hydrographical Office. Today Messieurs Brown, Bauer, Westall and Flinders dined with us and sat till near twelve o'clock.
Saturday 26. Went to Sir Jos. Banks', where I was obliged to wait before until near two, before I could speak to him about my arrangement with Arrowsmith concerning the charts. He proposed to me to bring the charts tomorrow and to send for A. at the same time, wishing completely to understand our arrangement that he might explain it to the Admiralty whose [indecipherable] he wished to have before finally ordering the engraving. My brother passing the evening with us, learning tric-trac.
Sunday 27. Mrs. Flinders went to church, whilst I went to Sir Jos. Banks' with my charts. Gov. Bligh was there and said more in favour of my charts than I expected. Sir. J.B. seemed scarcely aware before of the extent of my examinations. Reading Rossel's account of D'Entrecasteaux's voyage.
Monday 28. Fine frosty weather. Arrowsmith brought me some charts of parts of Bass's strait, and sent his nephew to reduce D'Entrecasteaux's Archipelago for engraving. The Count de Fouchécour called upon me. Employed making the arrangement of my charts for engraving. My brother called to enter his data of observations in my log book

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Jan.1811 at 7 Nassau St. Soho
Tuesday 29. Called on Mr. Arrowsmith, and it being a clear frosty day, Mrs. Flinders went with me into the city, where we called on Mr. and Mrs. Proctor and Downing, settled Mr. Bracebridge's bill and made some purchases. Sent a leash of partridges to Mr. Pearce of the Admiralty, which I had received from Mr. Bowles yesterday. Gave a lesson in tric trac to my brother, who dined and passed the evening with us. Ad. Losack visited me.
Wednesday 30. Cold fine weather. Passed the morning in looking over my charts and logs, and comparing D'Entrecasteaux on the south coast of Australia: read him also in the evening, whilst my brother was filling up my ast. obn. book.
Thursday 21. Snow and rain during the night: weather dull but less cold. Went with Mr. Westall to Sir Jos. Banks, where we made choice of eleven views in Australia for embellishing the voyage. Went to the victualling office about my accounts, and called on Mr. Grimes in Beauforts Buildings, but found him not at home. In the evening wrote two letters to the V. Board (see pub. let. book of this date) whilst my brother employed himself completing my observation book
Feb. Friday 1. Fine weather. Went to Bank to put in a power to receive a dividend due, from Mr. Franklin, which I received by Willingham returned last night from Lincolnshire. Called upon Mr. Henckel about the means of obtaining money for Mr. Merle. See the letter of this date, which I wrote in the evening. Weather rainy in the afternoon: Wind S.Wly. and squally
Saturday 2 . Went with Mr. Westall to Sir Jos. Banks in order to examine some of Mr. W's sketches and paintings. Mr. Bauer's extensive collection of sketches of quadrupeds, birds, fish, and insects was looked over, in order to form an estimate of what may be advantageously selected from them. In the evening Mr. Wm. Franklin called and supped with us.
Sunday 3. Strong westwardly wind. Mrs. Flinders confined with one of her violent head-achs. Employed writing to the Cape and Bourbon: see priv. let. book of yesterday's date. Mr. Whidbey called upon me
Monday 4. The morning being fine, Mrs. F. went with me to the bank, where I received the dividend on £500 three per cents consols, which had given me so much trouble. We called to visit Mr. Hodgkinson of Snow Hill, in returning. My brother passed the day with us, employed about my observations. Reading D'Entrecasteaux's voyage
Tuesday 5. Fine. Mrs. Steed, mother of Wm. Hillier's wife, called about getting from the Navy office, the value of her son-in-law's clothes. Walked out with Mrs. F. to the park, where I left her till I called in the hydrographical office, and on Mr. Pearce. We then went down the strand to Mr. Standerts, and returned home to dinner. Mr. & Mrs. Aken then passed the evg. with us.
Wednesday 6. Employed all the day examining charts copied by young Arrowsmith for the engraver; and reducing Mr. Grimes survey of Port Phillip. My brother occupied filling up my observation tables. Looking over Mr. Murray's log in Bass' Strait during the evening. His log and charts disagree much, having allowed the variation the wrong way upon the latter
Thursday 7. Cloudy wr. with a strong Soly. wind. Employed the whole day with the survey of Port Phillip. Mr. Brown called, and told me of the death of Mons. Peron. My brother with us today, and occupied as before. he gets on most slowly.

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Feb. 1811
Friday 8. Strong Soly. breeze and cloudy. Went to the Navy Office to get the amount of Hillier's dead clothes for his wife. Called upon Mr. Grimes in Beaufort's Buildings. Employed afterwards about Port Phillip
Saturday 9. Passed a bad night, having some fever and shivering arising from a slight attack of the gravel. Received a letter from Mons. Renault de St. Germain, claiming assistance for two French and one Spaniard, confined in prison ships. Finished Port Phillip, and began reducing Mr. Grimes' chart of King's Island. My brother with us the last two days, occupied with in completing my log book with his astron. observations.
Sunday 10. Weather continues very mild. Find myself better this morning. Went with my brother to 40 Prince's Street Rotherhithe to dine with Mr. and Mrs. Aken, and where was also Mr. Blenkensop, Mrs. A's father. Got home at nine. Roads dirty.
Monday 11. Fine weather this morning. Employed upon my chart of Bass's Strait. A Mr. Weyland called upon me for information about Baudin's voyage, and my own, for a critique upon Peron's book. Mr. W. Franklin called upon me
Tuesday 12. Dull weather. Called at the Transport Office relative to some French prisoners mentioned to me by Mr. Renault de St. Germain in a letter from Peebles. Called upon Mr. Barrow of the admiralty. Went to dine with Sir Jos. and Lady Banks, the Bishop of Carlisle, gov. Bligh, Dr. Maty or Maten with some ladies were there. I learned today that Dr. Maskelyne, the astron-royal, died on Saturday last.
Wednesday 13. Dull weather, with rain and snow at times. Mr. Grimes informed me today that the guns had fired, for the taking of the Isle of France. Employed upon my chart of Bass's Strait. My brother still going on completing my observation books. He dined and passed the evening with us as usual
Thursday 14. Wind Noly. with finer weather. Employed upon my chart of Bass's Strait. Went to the hydrographical office and got Mr. Barrallier's sketches of Western Port and Hunter's River. My brother with us again today as usual.
Friday 15. Do. weather. Went to the Admiralty to find out Mr. Cator who I find has brought home the despatches from the I. of France. Called afterwards upon captain Major and Mr. Arrowsmith and Mons. C. L. Stuart, not one of whom I found. Visited Major Rennell and Mr. W. Franklin. Called at my agents where I found letters from my friends Pitot and Labauve of the I. of France, giving me details of the transactions there. Am glad to hear that all my friends there are well, and some of them satisfied with the change Received a letter from my mother-in-law about the sale of my late father's house at Donington; and one from young Osserve at Odiham.
Saturday 16. Mild weather. Called upon Sir Jos. Banks to consult upon the measures to be taken relative to my memorial for my rank. Thence went to the Transport Board to learn from Sir Rupert George the necessary measures for obtaining the liberty of certain French prisoners belonging to the Isle of France. In returning called at the admiralty and saw adm. Domett, who promised to support my memorial if it came before the Board. Called afterwards at the lodgings of capt. Cator and of Commod. Rowley but they were out.

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Feb. 1811.
Sat. 16. Received a manuscript critique upon Peron's acct. of Baudin's voyage, from a Mr. W. with a request to correct any errors I might find in it, and to add such an account as I might judge proper of my own imprisonment in the I. of France. Employed young Arrowsmith these two days in reductions of my charts. In the evening employed closely upon Mr. W's manuscript
Sunday 17. Fine frosty weather. Mrs. F. went to church, whilst I employed the whole day in making observations on Mr. W's manuscript
Monday 18. Fine weather. Went to the admiralty to Mr. Yorke's audience day, where I met commodore Rowley and captain Tomkinson. The comm. was very friendly and said he would be very glad to assist me in obtaining my rank. Mr. Y. received me in a most gracious manner, with the intention, apparently, of softening his meditated refusal of supporting my memorial to the P. Regent in Council. I, however, brought him round to acknowledge, that he should himself have promoted me, had he been in office and I had returned in April 1804; and he promised to consult further with Sir Jos. Banks and comm. Rowley, before making his final determination. He then requested me to give him a memoir upon containing my ideas upon the utility and importance of the I. of France. From the admiralty, went to Mr. Weyland, 5 Cork St. Burlington Gardens, to leave his manuscript. Wrote a letter to my mother upon family business - see private let. book of this date
Tuesday 19. Fine weather. Went to Sir. Jos. Banks to inform him of what had taken place relative to my memorial; but I found he had already seen Mr. Yorke, and given up my case as hopeless. Wrote then a letter to commodore Rowley, in whose support alone I have now any hope to obtain my rank. Wrote also letters to Mons. Baudouin of Peebles, Mons. Osserve at Odiham, and Mons. Merle at Moreton-Hampstead, for all which see private letter book of this date. Had a visit from Mr. Henckel, also from Mr. Walls of Spilsby and Mr. Franklin. In the evening wrote a letter to the Admiralty for the liberation of five prisoners belonging to the Isle of France (see pub. let. book)
Wednesday 20. Foggy morning, went with Mrs. Flinders into the city, where I lodged at Whitehead, Howard & Co. some money for Mons. Osserve at Odiham. Made some purchases and calls; and after returning, employed with my brother in some astronomical calculation. Dined with Mr. Weyland and a small company, in which was Adm. Lord Radstock.
Thursday 21. Tolerably fine. Employed mostly in writing letters to the Isle of France. This morning I had a visit from Mr. James Shilcock and Mr. Wm. Hunt; from the first, who had left Donington on Tuesday morning, I learned that my mother-in-law was very unwell, and thought even to be in danger. Mrs. F. and I went to spend the evening with Mr. and Mrs. Walls, 52 Pall Mall, where was Mr. Nicol, the King's bookseller, and a small party.
Friday 22. Fine overhead. Mr. Westall having taken his drawing of Port Jackson to Sir Jos. Banks, I went to consult upon the subject. Mr. W. fixed 20 guineas as the price of each drawing or painting of landscape, and he thinks they will cost 40 more engraving. Employed in writing observations on the I. of France for Mr. Yorke. Mrs. F. was in bed with a headach most of the day

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Feb. 1811 in Nassau St. Soho
Saturday 23. Open weather, with a S.W. wind. Employed writing my observations upon the I. of France for Mr. Yorke. At two walked out into the parks with Mrs. F. for recreation. Mons. L.C. Stuart called upon me this evening. Received a ham, a hare, a portrait, and a letter from my aunt Mrs. Carr of Louth.
Sunday 24. Dull weather, with some rain. Finished my paper for Mr. Yorke. Captain Tomkinson did me the favour to call today. Reading Pinckney's tour in France. Capt. Tomkinson called on me today.
Monday 25. Fine overhead. Went to Mr. Yorke's levee. Was told by Mr. Edgecumbe that unless I had anything particular to say, Mr. Y. was too much occupied to see me. I therefore gave in sealed my Observations on the importance of the Isle of France, and said I should not trouble him. It is now evident, that the affair of my rank is decided against me, and that my presence is consequently importunate. Went to call on commodore Rowley, in order to learn whether Mr. Yorke had spoken to him relative to me, but found him shifted to 38 St. James Place. Went to call at 16 Devonshire Place on Mr. H. Alexander, late of the C. of Good Hope: he was not at home. Called in at Mrs. King's just by. Mrs. F. and I paid a visit to Mrs. Major; after which I sat down to write letters to the Isle of France.
Tuesday 26. Fine overhead: streets dirty. Wrote letters to Mr. Westall, Mrs. Carr, and to the minister of Ruddington for register extracts, relative to my family (see priv. letter book of this date). Went out with Mrs. F. to Finsbury Sq. and to Mrs. Procter's, where I left her and went to 10 Owen's Row Sadlers Wells to dine with Mr. Hunt and Mr. Shilcock
Wednesday 27. Dull mild weather. Went out early to Mr. Toulmin about my pursery accounts, which go on very ill; not finding him, bought Quarterly Reviews and Monthly magazines to send out to Mr. Pitot, I. of France. Found public baths at Charing Cross, of which I am in want. Employed upon my chart of Bass' Strait. My brother with me as usual, trying observations of the moon's alt. for the longitude
Thursday 28. Rainy at times. Employed taking out of trunks and arranging my books, received last night from Chatham. Bought Boyer's F. dictionary for £1.5 and sent some Portfolios to be repaired. Mrs. F. and I went to dine with Mr. and Mrs. Procter and some of their relations in White Cross Street; it being their wedding day
March Friday 1. A fine spring morning over head. Went to the Victualling Office about my accounts, in which I found many errors had been made; so that instead of being Dr. £200 I hope to prove Cr. £100 at least. Went thence and got Mr. Bonner to send to the Stamford Mercury an advertisement for the sale of the house and paddock at Donington, occupied by Mr. Large. Put another into the Morning Post office. Paid £1 for its being twice put in. After dinner completed my purchase of presents for the I. of France, and packed them up; the father of a Mr. Rashleigh having offered to take the box down to Portsmouth, and recommend it to his son, going out to the Cape, 4th mate of an Indiaman
Saturday 2. Open fine weather Went to Lambeth and called on Messrs. Palmer and Campbell, Mr. Williamson, and adm. Hunter. Got from the former an important receipt for slops and tobacco. Called at the Transport Office, and on Mr. Pearce in returning. Found capt. Major at home with Mrs. F. the first visit we have had from him. Employed in the evening with my brother, upon astron. observations.

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1811 March Nassau St. Soho
Sunday 3. Dull weather. Strong Wtly. wind. Mrs. F. went to church as usual, whilst I employed myself upon pursery accounts. In the evening made astron. calculations
Monday 4. Dull morning, but turned out a fine day. Called at Mr. Toulmin's and took my first pursery account to Mr. Marshman in the Vict. Office to shew him some errors, and get some explanations. Called on Mr. Standert about my accounts. Went to the Transport Office; and in coming past Charing Cross took a tepid bath for which I paid 4/-. Messrs. Hunt, Shilcock, and Franklin, with my brother dined with us today Gave Mr. S. a packet of letters for Donington. I had a visit today from Mons. Dayot, not long from India.
Tuesday 5. Dull morning Called at Sir Jos. Bank's whom I found engaging Mr. Pine to engrave Mr. Westall's drawing of Port Jackson. Wrote a letter to the Victualling Commr. upon my accounts; Engaged after in those accounts. My brother calculating as usual.
Wednesday 6. Fine morning. Went to breakfast at Sir J. Banks' by invitation, to meet Mr. Nicol who is to print my voyage. I went afterwards with Mr. N. to to Mr. Westall's in order to set the first plate of landscape on foot, but found him out. Went and called upon commodore Rowley, who was not at home; and upon Mr. Walls whom I saw. Called at the Hydrographical Office to talk with captain Hurd upon the Admiralty's making use of the plates of my charts. In the evening, was visited by Messrs. Stuart and Dayot, and with the latter came Henry Desbassayns, an old I. of France acquaintance lately come from France to return to Bourbon. Mrs. F. has been ill all this day with a headach. My brother with me employed as usual in calculation.
Thursday 67. Dull weather with rain: wind S.Wtly. Employed correcting my chart of Bass' Strait. My brother employed with me in astron. observation, which he finished today
Friday 78. Dull morning. Mr. Nicol and his son called, and I went with them to Mr. Westall's where we found Mr. Pye, who is to engrave the drawing of Port Jackson. The length of this and all the plates, is to be 91/2 inches by 6 or 61/2 in height; and the expense of engraving is likely to be from 40 to 50 guineas, done in a bold good style, without any high finishing. Employed afterwards completing my chart of Bass' Strait. Mr. Hollingworth called this evening, but Mrs. F. was in bed from a bad headach.
Saturday 9. Fine cold morning: wind N.Etly. Recd. a letter from the Admiralty upon pursery business, on which I went to the Vict. Office. Called on Mr. Grimes whom I had not seen some time. Employed on my chart of Bass' Strait. Mr. G. brought me in the afternoon his examination of the upper part of Port Dalrymple. Mr. Desbassayns called today, and told me had had written to France about my parole and journal. Calculating astronomical observations in the evening, and playing at chess with Mrs. F.
Sunday 10. Cloudy weather. Employed mostly with my pursery accounts. Mrs. F. being tolerably well today, went to Church as usual. Mr. Bonner was so good as to call with the Stamford Paper, in which my advertisement was inserted, as it has been in the Morning Post. I dined today with Mr. Westall R.A. in Charlotte Street, where, amongst other company were Sir John Carr and Mr. Clarke, librarian to the Prince of Wales. On coming away Mr. W. asked if I had any objection to give Mr. Clarke a sketch of my public services, he being, I believe, one of the writers in the Naval Chronicle

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1811 March
Monday 11. Dull morning. Sent a letter to the Transport Board, to obtain for Mr. Chamisso four months leave to go to France. Went down to the Admiralty intend to apply for the promotion of my brother and young Lound; but Mr. Yorke, being indisposed, saw only those officers whom he had not seen before. Met capt. Cator and captain Tomkinson. Went to the Victualling Office about my accounts, and made an affidavit of having received the benefit of no public employment between Oct. and Dec. 31; this being necessary before my half pay (8s. per day - 10 per cent, Greenwich and widows) can be got by my agent. Got £20 from Mr. Standert. Took Mr. Grimes' chart of the track from Port Dalrymple to the Derwent to be copied by young Arrowsmith. After dinner walked out as far as Lambeth with Mrs. F. and made some small purchases. Chess in the evening
Tuesday 12. Dull morning. Called upon Sir Jos. Banks, where I learned that the Astronomer Royal and Capt. Hurd had been ordered to report to the next board of Longitude upon my observations, and the most advisable form for printing them. Recd. a letter from Donington relative to the sale of Mr. Large's house, and my mothers' health which I answered immediately. Wrote to the Printers of the Stamford Mercury about to continue the advertisement. Mr. W. Franklin called; and I paid a visit to Mr. and Mrs. Desbassayns. After dinner walked out with Mrs. F. round by the parks. In the evening my brother and lieut. John Franklin called on us
Wednesday 13. Wind N.Etly. with fine weather. Recd. a letter from the Transport Board, refusing the permission to Mr. Chamisso to go over to France on parole. Wrote a letter to Mr. C. in consequence. Employed upon my chart of Bass' Strait. Commodore Rowley called upon me, and I learned that he had spoken to both the secretaries upon the antidating of my rank, who advised that I should say no more upon the subject: the comm. had not seen Mr. Yorke upon it, although the latter told me a month since that he should consult him. After dinner walked out with Mrs. F. to the New Road and back by Oxford St.
Thursday 14. Do. wind and weather. Went to Capt. Hurd at the Admiralty to consult about the time and place of meeting him and the astronomer royal to decide upon my observations; afterwards walked into the city with Mrs. F. and called upon Dr. Dale and Mrs. Procter. Employed upon my chart of Van Diemen's Land the rest of the day. Mons. Stuart visited me in the evening.
Friday 15. Wind still N.Etly. and weather fine. Had a good morning's work at my chart, undisturbed. Went with Mrs. F. to pass the evening at Mrs. King's, where we met Mrs. Paterson, and Commr. and captain Bowen; also Dr. Jamieson, Mr. Oxley and Dr. Scott who were strangers to me.
Saturday 16. Same fine weather: wind Etly. I complete today my 36 year, and enter into the 37th. Had a long morning's work upon Bass' Strait, and completed it. At 6 went to dine with Mr. Weyland, where I met Lords Radstock and Teignmouth with others
Sunday 167. Same fine weather. Went to West Street Chappel with Mrs. F. Rest of the day, reading the British Review No. 1, sent me by the conductors Longman &c.
Monday 178. Foggy. Went down to the admiralty and saw Mr. Croker upon the subject of being introduced to the Prince Regent. Met capt. Tomkinson there, as also admirals Vashon and Essington in Mr. Pearce's office. Employed afterwards on my charts

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Monday 18 continued. My brother dined with us, and Mr. Brown passed the evening Amongst other conversation, he asked why I had ['not' has been added in pencil] been to Sir Joseph's Sunday evening's conversations, saying that Mr. Horsburgh, Mr. East and some other persons had been inquiring there after me. I had indeed thought it somewhat strange, that Sir Jos. had never invited me to these conversations, as he had done in 1800 on my return from N.S.Wales; but as I do not wish to intrude myself into societies where I am not certain of being welcome, I did not chuse to go without an invitation, or some hint that I was expected to go. I suspect that Mr. Brown has been desired by Sir Jos. to say what he did this evening on this subject.
Tuesday 19. Fine but rather dull weather. My brother called to consult me upon his returning to his cheap lodging in Devonshire. We settled that he should remain a month longer, in hopes of ascertaining before then something relative to his promotion and employment as recalculator of our astronomical observations. Employed the whole morning preparing for the engraver charts of Port Dalrymple and River Tamar. After dinner walked out with Mrs. F. on the New Road. In the evening chess
Wednesday 20. Dry, but dull weather. Called on Com. Rowley, whom I did not see. Went to Sir J. B's to learn something of the Astr. Royal, who is ill. Called on Mr. Desbassayns, and talked with him relative to Mr. Merle. Visited Mr. Grimes, and also his father and mother (33 New St. Square - Fetter Lane) who were very glad to see me. Dined little, being not very well. Chess in the evening
Thursday 21. Dull open weather. Employed upon my charts of Port Dalrymple. Recd. a letter from Wm. Carr at Cork, begging me to get him assistant in an hospital; also one from Mr. Gleed about the sale of my late father's house, which I answered immediately. Went with Mrs. F. to visit Mons. and Madame Desbassayns, and invited them for tomorrow evening We went thence to inspect Mr. Westall's gallery of paintings, when my brother accompanied us. He came home to dine and pass the evening. Received letters from the I. of F. inclosing one of 1808 from my wife to me there. Tric-trac with my brother
Friday 22. Dull weather, with some rain. Went to the Transport Office about M. Merle. Met capt. Waterhouse as I was going in to the city. Placed £2 for a month pension to M. Osserve at Odiham. Went to inquire at Dice Key after the Bradford of Hull, which brings me a ham and turkey from Mr. Newbold. Received a friendly letter from Mr. Hope at Calcutta. This evening we had Mr. Mrs. Mr. Jos. and Miss S. Walls, M. and Mad. Desbassayns, and Mr. Franklin to drink tea and pass the evening. Recd. a friendly invitation from Lord Radstock
Saturday 23. Fine morning. Employed putting my writing room to rights after the supper party. Com. Rowley called upon me, and I found he had not yet seen Mr. Yorke relative to the antidating my rank, nor had he yet given in his information relative to the I. of France: he expects to see him before or on next Wednesday, and I therefore defer going to writing to Mr. Y. till after that. The commodore accompanied me to Mr. Desbassayns, but we found him gone out. Did a little work at my chart of the parts between C. Horne & Port Stephens. Mons. Stuart called upon me in the evening and sat some time

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1811 March in Nassau Street
Sunday 24. Fine weather. Mrs. F. not able to rise from a head ach and cold. Mr. Desbassayns called relative to a letter of his to Com Rowley. Mr. Bonner and Mr. G. Cawthorpe also called. Employed upon my chart of the east coast of Australia, (having given that of Port Dalrymple to be partly completed by young Arrowsmith) and in writing some letters
Monday 25. Frosty fine weather. Guns fired and bells ringing this morning on account of news from Ld. Wellington. Went out to walk with Mrs. F. who is much indisposed with a cold. Called on Mr. Pearce at the Admiralty and on Mr. Standert. On returning home we found Mrs. Hippius and daughter waiting. Employed at times on my chart of the east coast. In the evening, chess with Mrs. F.-
Thursday 26. Fine weather. Employed upon my east-coast chart. I had a visit today from Capt. John Bowen and Dr. J. Jamison: to the latter I spoke about placing Wm. Carr in the navy as a surgeon's assistant. Mr. Grimes and my brother dined with us, and we expected Mrs. King and family, who could not come. Not very well in the evening. Mr. Desbassayns informed me that com. Rowley had gone himself to Lord Liverpool, and obtained permission for him to go out to the Cape immediately.
Wednesday 27. Fine weather. Called on Sir J. Banks and got Hunter's and Broughton's voyages, and a Voyage aux Indes Orientales par M. Tombe, just published. Sir J. invited me to his Sunday evening meetings, and to those of the Roy. Society Employed upon my chart of the east coast. Dined today with the Rt. Hon. Lord Radstock; where were Ld. Waldegrave and some others, all unknown to me except Mr. Whaley. A large party of ladies and others came in the evening, also unknown to me. I became acquainted with Ld. W., Capt. Luke, and Mr. Lee, brother in law to Lord Radstock.
Thursday 28. Foggy cold morning. Employed upon my chart of the east coast. Went to call on Mrs. King who paid me the value of the 2 supy. volumes of the Encyclop. Brit. Called also upon Dr. John Jamison, Adm. Losack, and Mr. Weyland, none of whom were at home. A Mr. Lemaistre brought me a letter from M. Lisy Céré, prisoner at Wincanton, Somersetshire. Went to dine with Mr. Bonner, where I met the Rev. Dr. Watson, Mr. Cawthorpe and others. Went thence to the Royal Society, where I was admitted a visiter. Three new members were admitted chosen, another proposed, and parts of two papers were read.
Friday 29. Fine clear morning. Employed examining my second pursery acct. which I received yesterday from Mr. Standert. Rec. a letter from Mr. Gleed accepting for Mr. Large my proposals for the sale of his house. Went to consult Willingham F. upon it, and wrote the answer as in priv. let. book. Went to the Victualling Office about some errors in the account. Met. Com. Rowley who, I found, had not seen Mr. Yorke as expected. Went with my wife and brother to pass the evening with Mr. and Mrs. Downing in Aldersgate St. At cards, I noticed a disagreeable trait in my brother's character which hurts me

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Saturday 30. Foggy morning. Examing my pursery account. Had visits from
Messrs. Dayot and Desbassayns. Employed afterwards upons my chart of
the east coast. Walked out to Lambeth in the evening with Mrs. F. Visited by
Mons. Stuart and again by M. Desbassayns, who leaves town for the Cape on Tuesday; writing my letters for the I. of F.
Sunday 31. Dull weather. Writing letters for India, I. of France, and C. of G. Hope. We went out to dine with Mr. Hippius' family at Hackney, where we met Mr. and Mrs. Stephens. I found Mr. S. to have been a traveller, to have read a good deal, to be a botanist and member of the Linnean Society. He promised to call on me and seemed to wish to cultivate my acquaintance. On returning at 81/2, went to Sir Jos. Banks' conversasioné where I met Mr. Pond - astr. royal with whom I conversed about my observations. I saw also Mr. Nicol, Dixon, and one or two others amongst about 40, that I knew
Monday April 1st. Dull morning as usual, but it has usually turned out to be a fine day afterwards. Went to the admiralty to see Mr. Yorke in order to procure the promotion of my brother and of young Lound. I could not see Mr. Yorke, but his private secretary recommended me to address a letter to him. I saw Mr. Barrow relative to my log, and went thence to call on Adm. Bertie upon the same subject, but whom I did not see. At the admiralty I met Dr. White. Went to my agents for more money, which I find to go away uncommonly fast. We received today a quantity of luggage from Beverly, and a ham and cheese from Hull. Went to dine in Pall Mall with Mr. Walls, where were Mr. Sandy and Mr. Heald whom I had not seen before. Closed my letters for Mr. Desbassayns and took them to him, he being to set off early tomorrow morning for Portsmouth
Tuesday 2. Dull weather, but it keeps dry. Wrote a letter to Mr. Yorke upon promoting my brother and young Lound; and one to the Navy Board to be allowed £4 charged against me. Employed upon my chart of the east coast. My brother dined with us. Mr. Franklin having received a letter from Mr. Wiles dated Feb. 2, it appears that my letter of Nov. 7 to Jamaica had not been received, therefore I wrote another letter to my friend Wiles this evening
Wednesday 3. Fine spring morning. Called upon Sir Jos. Banks, and got Bayly's observations. Called again upon Adm. Bertie about my journal, but did not find him. Visited captain John Bowen (44 Dover Street) who went with me to the Secretary of State's office; where Mr. Peel appointed me next Monday to select what I wanted out of their documents relative to New South Wales. Employed afterwards on my chart of the east coast. Mr. Pearson from Boston dined with us. Walked with Mrs. F. into the park in the evening. Adm. Lord Radstock called this P.M.
Thursday 4. Fine morning but hazy. The Rev. Mr. Sandy called and breakfasted with us. Employed quietly all the morning upon my chart. After dinner walked into the city with Mrs. F. to make a call or two
Friday 5. Dull weather, and cooler as if it would snow. At noon, Mr. Pond the astronomer royal, and capt. Hurd, hydrographer, called by an order of the Board of longitude to see my astron. observations, to judge of the propriety of their being recalculated and published. Employed upon my chart of the east coast.
Saturday 6. Dull weather as yesterday. Occupied with my chart. Mr. and Mrs. Park of Portsmouth called upon us, but could not dine. In the evening Mons. Stuart called upon me as usual on this evening

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April Sunday 7. Some little rain in the night after a long continuance of dry weather Worked a little on my chart. Mr. Pearson and my brother dined with us today, and during dinner Commissioner Bowen and his family called upon us. Went to West Street chapel in the evening -
Monday 8. Fine cold weather. Called at the admiralty on Mr. Pearce, and went to Lord Liverpool's office for the charts &c. of N.S.Wales, but they were not ready for me. Met comm. Rowley, admiral Hunter, and Mr. Ashmore. Called upon Mrs. King and left cards at Mons. Peltier's and at Lord Radstocks. Worked a little at my chart. Received a letter from Edinburgh, informing me of being elected a non-resident member of the Wernerian Natural History Society of that city, to which I wrote an answer in the evening. Some little snow fell today
Tuesday 9. Fine clear cold morning. Worked upon my chart till noon, then went with my brother to call upon the astronomer royal, to learn what was decided relative to our astronomical observations; not finding him, went thence to the Sec. of States Office, and selected eight sketches and charts relative to N.S.Wales. Found Mr. Aken on my return, called to bid good bye, before joining his ship bound to Jamaica. Worked again at the chart before and after dinner. In the evening, chess with Mrs. F.
Wednesday 10. Same weather as yesterday with Noly. wind. Vice adm. Hunter called on me this morning and looked over my charts. Employed completing my chart of the east coast from the sketches got from Lord Liverpool's office. Walked out after dinner with Mrs. F. Wrote a letter to M. Merle in the evening
Thursday 11. Dull weather after some rain. Recd. a letter from Navy office on which I made out an affidavit about the oil purchased at Timor, and went to the Victualling Office, and to Mr. Standerts. I found that my accounts were going on very well, and likely to be settled immediately, better than I could have expected, both the Navy and Vict. Boards seeming to have considered the circumstances of my late peculiar situation. Employed afterwards on my chart. We had a visit and invitation from Dr. Dale, who brought me a letter from his son Alfred, and an offer to repay £5, I had lent to Seymour, Alfred's companion
Friday 12. Fine morning. Breakfasted, as in duty bound, off hot-cross buns, one a penny. Mrs. F. went to church, whilst I employed the whole day on my charts
Saturday 13. Dull weather, and wet. Called at Sir Jos. Banks, where I found the Astron. Royal had reported our astron. observations proper to be recalculated and published, and that this report was to be made to the next Board of Lon. in June next Went to the admiralty, where I learned from Mr. Edgecombe, that my brother's court martial in the Bloodhound stopped his promotion. The minutes of it were before Mr. Yorke, who wished any further information upon it. Called on the Rev. S. Clark at Knightsbridge (Librarian to the Prince) and had much conversation with him. He advised me by no means to give up my rank, but to endeavour at an audience of the Prince Regent. By his advice a wrote a letter to my friend Whidbey on the subject. Called on Mr. Lemaistre in Up. Seymour Street. My brother dined with us, and in the evening Mons. Stuart and his son called upon us.

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Sunday 14. Dull warm weather. wind Wtly. Mr. Aken called this morning to request I would meet some friends of his to rebut a scandalous assertion made of his incapability to command a ship. Wrote letters to Mrs. Newbold and Mr. John Harvey, as per letter book of the 15th. Examined with my brother letters and papers relative to his court martial, in order to transmitting further explanations of the circumstances of it, for Mr. Yorke's inspection. Went to church in the evening with Mrs. F. after which she went to bed with a bilious head ach. Mr. Brown passed the evening with me.
Monday 15. Dull weather and mild. Called on Sir Joseph Banks with whom I had half an hour's conversation on different subjects: He promised to speak to Mr. Yorke upon the subject of my brothers and young Lound's promotion. Went into the city to meet some persons on Mr. Aken's account; where we succeeded in convincing Mr. Birch, the owner of his present ship, that the allegations made against him by Mr. Fleming, the last owner, were malicious and unfounded. My brother called in the evening with copies of letters he had sent to the admiralty, intended to be put by me into the hands of Mr. Edgecumbe: they relate to his court-martial
Tuesday 16. Wind S.Wtly. - weather mild and dull. Wrote a letter to Mr. Edgecumbe to be laid before Mr. Yorke, relative to my brothers court-martial. Received a letter from young Lound of the Warrior, which gave me pleasure. Employed on my charts
Wednesday 17. Fine morning after rain yesterday. Worked at my chart till one, then took my brothers and my letters to Mr. Edgecumbe, which he promised to lay before Mr. Yorke. Went with Mrs. F. to pay a visit to comms. and Mrs. Bowen
Thursday 18. Dull morning, with some rain. Employed all the morning upon my charts. Received a letter from my friend Wiles at Jamaica; and a packet of letters from my friends at the Isle of France, of which those from Messrs. Pitot and Curtat appeared to continued such information of the state of the island since the capture, as that I inclosed them in a letter to the Rt. Hon. Charles Yorke of the Admiralty. Wrote a letter to Mr. Brown of 6 George St. Edinburgh relative to young Wiles, who his father wishes to send to sea under my protection. Wrote also to Mrs. Mallison relative to Mr. Wilberforce
Friday 19. Fine morning, wind southerly. Followed by rain Received my letters back from Mr. Yorke with a note of thanks. Employed upon my charts of the east coast. Went to the adm. hydrog. office to get my original of one of them, instead of young Sinclairs copy. Mr. Hippius and family dined with us today.
Saturday 20. Same variable april weather as yesterday. Worked at my chart till two oclock, then went to the Navy Office and Mr. Standert, and into Thames Street to Mr. Henckel; where I left a letter for him inclosing an acknowledgement from Mr. Merle for £20 I was to get for him, and his note of hand for £10, I had advanced, thinking Mr. H. might also take it. Received letters from An. D'Arifat and Mr. Sauvejet of the I. of France. In the evening received a note from Mr. Yorke saying that young Mr. Lound was promoted to be lieut; and one from Mr. Edgecombe that he had laid my brother's letters before Mr. Yorke
Sunday 21. Dull, with sunshine at times. wind SWtly. Wrote letters to Mr. Lound, Messrs. Steele and Co. and Mons. Osserve. Worked on my chart. After dinner walked out, and in the evening went to church with Mrs. Flinders

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In Nassau St. Soho - 1811
April Monday 22. Mild weather, Wind from Southward. Working on my charts of the east coast till 21/2 P.M. Then went and took a cold bath before dinner. In the evening walked out with Mrs. F. and Played at chess after tea
Tuesday 23. Same fine April weather. Called on Mr. Westall to see how he was going on with his sketches. Went thence to Sir Jos. Banks. Worked on my chart, and then went to call on Mr. Nicol, bookseller and on Earl Spencer; but owing to its being the Prince Regent's levee day, to which I had not adverted, could not see either My brother dined with us, and Willingham Franklin passed the evening
Wednesday 24. Fine warm weather as yesterday. Mrs. F. confined with a headach as she was yesterday; owing partly to the bugs disturbing her so much in the night. Working upon my chart till past one, then called on Mr. Nicol, and Mr. Pond; also at the house of Lord Spencer, who was gone or going into the country. Worked at my chart till late. Mrs F. better in the evening
Thursday 25. Fine warm weather: wind Soly. Met Mr. Pond at Sir Jos. Banks; when it was agreed that I should give immediately some observations to Mr. Crosley for calculation. Worked at my chart till three, then dressed, called on Mr. De Cotlagon at the Crown Hotel, and went to dine with Dr. Dale in Devonshire street Bishopsgate, where was Commr. Cunningham, and several other strangers to me. Got £30 of Foster & Co. for Mr. Merle, on Mr. Henekell's acct. Recd. letters from Mr. Newbald to Mr. Wilberforce and Mr. Staniforth, members for Yorkshire
Friday 26. Dull mild weather, after some rain. My sister Henrietta arrived early from the country; somewhat sooner than expected. Not being able to work in my writing room, I was occupied the whole day in making calls of business or pleasure. I dined with Mr. Nicol, the king's printer, and returned late
Saturday 27. Beautifully fine morning. The visits of Capt. John Bowen, Mr. Franklin, and Mr. Herring kept me till two, when I walked out to Kensington, and left Mr. Newbald's letter and my card at Mr. Wilberforce's. My brother walked with me, and afterwards dined with us. Recd. a note from the astronomer royal authorising me to set Mr. Crossley and my brother to work to recalculate the astronomical observations. We walked out in the evening till half past 7.
Sunday 28. Fine weather: wind S. Wtly Wrote letters to M. Caron, Mr. Inman, and Mr. Decotlagon (see priv. let. book) Worked at my charts. Dr. and Mrs. Dale called upon us, and also Lt. Lound to thank me for the promotion I had procured him. In the evening, went to Sir Jos. Banks meeting
Monday 29. Wind Swtly. with fine weather and showers alternately. Went to call on Mr. Wilberforce at Kensington Grove, upon the subject of my rank, concerning which Mr. Newbald had written to him. He appointed to see me on Friday upon the subject. Employed the rest of the day upon my charts. Mr. Crosley called with my brother, and I put our observation books into their hands
Tuesday 30. Some variable weather. Went with Mr. Lound to Mr. Standerts', whom he appointed his agent. Made a donation of a guinea, and an: subscription of half a guinea to the naval charitable society, by Mr. Aubrey at the Navy Office. Employed on my chart till dinner, when captain
W. Major, Mr. W. Franklin, and my brother came to dine with us.

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1811 May.
Wednesday 1. Wind S.Wtly with rain at times. Employed preparing my charts for the engraver; but considering the possibility that the error of the lunar tables in 1801, 2, and 3, (which we mean to correct in the recalculations if we can ascertain them) may make considerable differences in my longitudes, and require the whole of my charts to be reconstructed, I determined to wait awhile and begin writing the introduction to my voyage. Went out after dinner and bought paper and quills, and hired a piano-forte for my sister. Mr. Stuart called and sat the evening
Thursday 2. Same wind and weather as yesterday. Making an arrangement of my charts for the engraver, and completing one which had been left unfinished. Dr. Dale called on me by appointment, and I accompanied him to the anniversary of the Literary Fund. The Prince Regent and Duke of Somerset were expected, but did not come. Lord Chichester was in the chair, and after dinner and some few loyal toasts, Mr. Fitzgerald recited a poem of his adapted to the occasion, energetic and good. Mr. Brown recited a piece from Mr. Boscowen; a Glee was also sung by Mr. Shield and his party. I came away soon after nine o'clock, highly pleased with the entertainmt.
Friday 3. Dull weather: wind W.S.W. Completed my chart, and began writing the introduction to my voyage. Went to call on Mr. Wilberforce in the New Palace Yard by appointment, but found him gone to the Committee in the House of Commons.
Saturday 4. Dull weather, with rain at times. Went to Sir Jos. Banks, and borrowed Mr. Dalrymples Collection concerning Papua, and Collins' and Man's account of New South Wales. Employed writing. Walked out with the ladies, after dinner
Sunday 5. Windy variable weather. Read Man's account. The ladies went to church as usual. Employed in writing
Monday 6. Finer this morning. Went to Knightsbridge and breakfasted with the Rev. James Stanier Clarke. Called afterwards on Mrs. Paterson and obtained Mr. Barrallier's sketch of Port Hunter. Saw several officers who had been to Chelsea for the trial of Lt. Col. Johnston, but which is deferred until tomorrow. Transferred Port Hunter to my chart on a reduced scale. Walked out in the evening with the ladies round St. Paul's Church
Tuesday 7. Dull weather, after rain. Wrote a long letter to Mr. Wilberforce. Called upon Arrowsmith, where I saw the Spanish admiral Espinosa, with whom I talked upon the astron. observations he had made at Port Jackson and in South America. Went to call upon Sir Isaac Coffin Greenly, who was gone out of town this morning. Called upon the hydrographer relative to Mr. Inmans observations, lodged in the Board of Longitude; and inquired after a Mr. James Bennet for Mr. Henckell to whom I wrote on returning. Employed a little on my charts, and afterwards in writing. The weather rainy all the afternoon
Wednesday 8. Dull weather: wind from the southward. At 8, Miss Tyler arrived to visit us, from Beverly in Yorkshire. She brought a letter from Mr. Wilberforce to Mr. Newbald; in which I find more disposition to serve me than I had supposed. Employed abridging the entrance of ports from Mr. Barrallier's, gov. Hunter's, and my surveys. Rainy wr. - Adm. Espinosa called upon me as did Mr. Brown
Thursday 9. Dull rainy weather: wind Soly. Finished the entrances of the ports, and got on with my introduction. Played at chess in the evening with Miss Tyler. Paid a bill for Lieut Lound, by an order upon Standert.

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Friday 10. Weather finer this morning, but the wind still southwardly. Called at Sir J. Banks to see the journal of a sealing ship which had found land in about 54º 1/2 South and 6º E, supposed to be the C. Circumcision of Bouvet. Went to Mr. Standerts and did some little jobs in that quarter. Employed putting titles to Mr. Westalls sea views of the south coast of Australia. My brother dined with us, and afterwards we attempted to walk out, but rain came on. Mr. Brown drank tea with us.
Saturday 11. Weather finer: wind Soly. Wrote to Mr. Aken at Portsmouth, by the desire of Mr. Walker - Richmond, about his taking young Dawson apprentice Employed titling Mr. Ws sketches. Two Misses Hippius dined with us and in the evening we accompanied them to the coach at the Royal exchange. Fine weather
Sunday 12. Fine warm weather, and nearly calm. Mr. Westall breakfasted with me, and we went, by appointment, to Sir Jos. Banks'; when two subjects to be painted from Mr. W's sketches was chosen: making four. Walked out in the evening. At 9, went to Sir Joseph Banks, where I met the two Daniels
Monday 13. Very warm weather. wind S. Etly. Employed incorporating from D' Entrecasteaux into my chart of Timor. Mr. Grimes called upon me. In the evening walked with the ladies into the city. Weather very sultry
Tuesday 14 Dull weather, with small rain: wind S. Wtly. Called upon Mrs. King, and examined the collection of her late husband for sketches of the rivers in the mountains behind Port Jackson; but with little success. Accompanied our ladies to Miss Linwoods gallery, and to the Panoramas of Flushing and Malta. After dinner walked out in the neighbouring squares. Weather fine this evening, and cooler
Wednesday 15. Fine agreeable weather. Dr. Jamison called to inquire if I had heard of Wm. Carr's coming over from Ireland yet. Employed writing the introduction to my voyage. My brother and I went to dine with captain Major by invitation. There was a Mr. Walton there, who writes in the British Review, upon South America. Recd. a note to meet Mr. Wilberforce next week
Thursday 16. Foggy weather. Wrote to Mrs. Carr concerning her son Wm. from whom I have not yet heard, and know not where he is: gave her a copy of my letter to him. Went to the Transport Office, concerning the exchange of Lt. Taylor, of which Mr. Robb had written to me; but found, that all we could do to effect his exchange, was likely to do more harm than good. Wrote to captain Robb upon the subject. The ladies having gone to spend the day at Hackney, at 4, (until which I was writing), I went out and joined them at Mr. Hippius's to dinner. We got back at ten o'clock
Friday 17. Fine weather. Wrote a letter to Mr. Th. Pitot at the Isle of France and inclosed it, with four others, to Mr. Pearce of the Admiralty, with a request to forward. Went to Sir Jos. Banks and to Mr. Arrowsmiths, seeking for information of the early discoveries in New Holland; found no early, but got a late sketch of Capt. Heywoods. At A.'s I met Lord Wm. Bentinck. Employed upon my chart of Timor, and the neighbouring islands. In the evening walked out with the ladies, as usual when the weather is fine.

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1811 May
Saturday 18. Foggy weather. Employed upon my chart of Timor. Took the ladies to see Mr. Westalls gallery. After dinner walked into the city to visit Mr. and Mrs. Downing, and invite them to spend an evening with us.
Sunday 19. Rainy dull weather. Employed the whole day transposing from captain Heywood into my chart of Timor. I staid at home partly in expectation of seeing Mr. Wilson of Maidenhead; but he did not come
Monday 20. fine cool weather: wind N. E. Employed upon my chart, which, finding I could not finish for want of my logbook, I resumed my introduction Mrs. Procter dined and passed the day with us
Tuesday 21. Much thunder, lightning and rain in the night. Recd. a polite note from Mr. Wilberforce to meet him this morning, and I went almost immediately. He requested to see my narrative, that he might the better plead my cause with the ministers upon the subject of obtaining my back rank Called at the Admiralty, when Mr. Edgecombe gave me small hopes of obtaining Samuel's promotion; but said that I should have an answer from Mr. Yorke immediately. I afterwards marked the most material paragraphs of my narrative and left it in New Palace Yard with Mr. Wilberforce Mrs. Downing and daughters, as also my brother and Mr. G. Downing passed the evening and supped with us.
Wednesday 22 Dull morning. Employed titling Mr. Westall's sea views. In the evening, walked out with the ladies: a thunder storm came on before we could get home again, and wetted, them and frightened them very much
Thursday 23. Fine morning: Wind Wtly. Finished entitled Mr. Westall's sea views. Went out and made various calls on business in the Strand and Fleet Street. Until dinner, employed putting capt. Heywoods soundings on my general chart. Went with my sister to Cov. G. Theatre; but the rage to see Timour the Tartar is so great that we could not get admittance. Mr. Stuart passed the evening with us.
Friday 24. Rainy morning with wind Soly. Went to Sir Jos. Banks' with Mr. Westall's sketches; when it was agreed, that Arrowsmith should get them engraved and I called on him to appoint tomorrow for settling the business. Got De Brosse and a volume of Harris from Sir Josephs. Called upon Captain James Burney at 26 James St. Writing afterwards. Walked out in the evening with the ladies, to see Du Bourg's museum, but it was too late in the day.
Saturday 25. Fine morning: Wind S.Wtly. Waited at Sir Josephs until one, for Arrowsmith, who had forgotten his appointment. He furnished me with a copy of Bampton's journal through Torres' Strait; and I got these not from Sir Joseph. Writing my introduction, afterwards. After dinner went with the ladies to see Westminster Abbey, which occupied us till dark, and cost us 9s.
Sunday 26. fine weather. Employed writing in the morning. My brother dined with us. Went with the ladies to church in the evening; and afterwards I went to the evenings conversation party at Sir Jos. Banks'
Monday 27. Fine weather; and warm. Met Mr. Westall and Arrowsmith at Sir J. B's; when the arrangement was made for engraving the views, and Mr. W. paid 30 guineas for doing them. My brother dined with us, and went with Henrietta to Covent Garden

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No 7 Nassau St Soho. 1811
May Monday 27. continued. Mr. Brown called in the evening, with Mr Cayley; in order to my consulting him about the parts at the back of Port Jackson. Dr. Dale called on me today; he continues to shew me every attention, in acknowledgement of mine to his son Alfred, when we were prisoners at the Isle of France
When not taken off by extraneous occurrences (which, however, is but too much the case) my present employments are, writing the Introduction to my voyage, and occasionally finishing this or the other chart, as I get new matter for the interior
Tuesday 28. Cloudy weather. Wind Wtly. Mrs F. unwell these two days. Miss Tyler left us last night to make a visit at Hackney. Sent for a medical man to Mrs F. Went out into the city upon various business. Employed otherwise in writing , and upon my charts
Wednesday 29. Dull weather, but dry. Wind Wtly. Employed writing all the day, at such times as my attendance was not necessary on Mrs F. who still continues ill. I wrote this afternoon to request Dr. Dale would visit her. Miss Tyler returned today
Thursday 30. Fine morning: wind Wtly. Writing all the day. Dr. Dale called to see Mrs F. and prescribed for her
Friday 31. Dull morning, after rain and thunder in the night. Wind Soly. Mrs F. better this morning. Writing my introduction. Mr. Weyland called. Dr. Dale called and prescribed for Mrs.F. after which I accompanied him home to dinner, where was a large party.
June Saturday 1. Fine this morning: Wind S. Wtly. Writing this morning. Capt. Burney R.N. called upon me. Went to Sir Jos. Banks' to get Struyck's memoirs and Vlaming's voyage, but could find neither of them. In the evening walked out with Misses T. & F.
Sunday 2. Rainy morning: wind Wtly. Mrs. Flinders much better yesterday and today. Writing my introduction. In the evening, accompanied the young ladies to church
Monday 3. Dull morning: wind Wtly. Went to Sir Jos. Banks and obtained a copy of the journal of Tasman's first voyage. Mr. Brown let me have, also, Vol. 16 of the Abbé Prevost. Called upon adm. d'Espina, and upon adm. Lord Radstock: the latter I found at home Writing afterwards. In the evening, walked with the ladies to look at a house on the New Rd.
Tuesday 4. Mild weather: wind S.Wtly. Called on Mr. Bonner, Mr. Standerts, and on Mess. Inman and Daysh of the Navy Office. Wrote a letter to the Admiralty to be paid for the Investigator during the time I commanded her as lieutenant. Accompanied our ladies to Du Bourg's models in cork of the Roman antiquities. In the evening we walked to see the few illuminations made for the poor Kings birth day.
Wednesday 5. Rainy. Wind S.Wtly. Today I wrote from breakfast until dinner without being disturbed. Weather finer in the evening
Thursday 6. Cloudy weather: wind S.Wtly. Accompanied the ladies to