Sydney B. Young war diary, 24 July-14 October 1916
MLMSS 985/Item 2

[Continuing description of sites seen on leave in London.
Returns to Larkhill Camp near Amesbury, Wiltshire
p45 – 50 Detailed description of Torre Abbey
p79 - 83 Review of 3rd Division at Bulford Field before King George V and General Monash
p84 - 90 On leave in London
p95 - 109 Verses by Sydney Young and others, lyrics, soldiers’ doggerel, etc]

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S.B.Young “D” Co.
36th Batt. 9th Brig.

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Diary (2)
Next of Kin.
Mrs K. Young
5th Avenue

Finder will
Please Return

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24th Saw a Statue of Boadicia represented in a chariot driving 2 horses with the following inscription: – Boadicea, Queen of Icene Who died A.D. 61 after leading her people against the Roman Invaders. On the axles are knives about 15? long evidently for cutting people down.

We then paid a visit to Petticoat lane. It is crammed with barrows and people buying. The majority of the vendors are jews. Sunday morning is the regular market day. Here vases were sold for 8/- per pair which would

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bring £2 in Australia.

The hands of the munition Workers are stained yellow like nicotine, with lyddite.

Passing through Petticoat Lane we saw Dirty Dick’s Hotel, which as booklet says Owing to Dissappoint by the death of his intended wife a few days before their marriage he let things go to ruin & locked up the room in which was prepared the wedding breakfast, which was consumed by rats and not entered for 40 years.

We then went over the Botanical Gardens and found them very beaut

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iful. The garden, walks, lakes & flowers are the best that London can boast of, and cannot be said too much of.

The English people are mad over the Australian Soldiers.
They wont look at the Soldiers in caps but love hats. The English & Canadians are not in favour at all except in country towns.

The attitude of the upper class is denoted by the following experience of one of our boys. He asked an old lady the way to Earl’s court she said “I will take you in my car” which she did and afterwards invited him

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to dinner. He stopped with her 4 days and found she was Lady Trotter & kept 8 servants.

27th Played at opening of Y.M.C.A. Hut to-day by General Sir Henry Slater.

People who have lived in London all their life do not know half that we do about the city.

The policemen & ’Bus Conductors do not seem to know anywhere outside their beat or ’bus route & people seem not to have heard of places that have often made us incredulous the other side of the world

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29th Started practicing the Mass bands of the Brigade.

30th Divisional Church parade on Common near Camp 9th Brigade Band Played past. Presided over by the Bishop of Salisbury from one of the Roman Tuberlix or burial grounds.

After church parade was a march past and general salute to General Monash.

About 80 German Prisoners arrived here to-day, nearly all of which had lost limbs, under a strong guard.

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1st August Have been informed we are beginning our final course of training and as a start go for a 8 mile route march with full pack up.

Sugar is 5d & 6d a pound and in Birmingham will not be sold at all without tea.

2nd Went to Figheldean and saw the old chestnut tree which inspired Longfellow to write “the village Black Smith” The old shop is still used as a blacksmiths.

Across the way is the old church mentioned in the poem.

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Alongside the path is the grave of Sheppard, who died 1825 aged 85 who is supposed to be the blacksmith spoken of.

On entering the church, on each side is the plaster figure of a knight in armour lying, and at the feet of one is crouching what appears to be a dog.

It is a beautiful church made of flints and appears to be very old. The oldest tombstone we could discern was dated 1724.

We ascended a spiral stone staircase into the belfry, where we had


a fine view of the church.

On the wall is a notice saying that £100 was contributed towards seating the church providing 196 seats were reserved for people belonging to the parish. Figheldean is the prettiest village I have seen.

The houses have all thatched roofs with large overhanging eaves.

On coming back we got lost on the downs but the air was so pleasant and bracing and the scenery so restful that we did not mind our 10 mile walk before we got back to camp.

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We passed the headquarters of the Flying Corps, and saw a remarkable display of aeronautics. Planes were landing and ascending constantly and at no time there were less than 8 in the air.

4th Food since we have been in England has been good but not enough. Only half the amount of rations allowed by the Australian Government is issued by the Imperial Government.

This is augmented by the sum of 5½d per day per man allowed on the canteen fund and the sale of bones & refuse.

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5th It is very cool this morning signifying I suppose the approach of winter.

6th This afternoon our Brigade Band marched to Fargo Hospital and rendered a programme to the patients who number 800, mostly Australians. There are also about 150 Germans in an enclosure surrounded by barbed and electrified wire and guards with fixed bayonets. We were told that one of the Germans attempted to throw some iodine in a nurse’s face who was attending him but a guard skittled him with an entrenching tool handle.

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Another German stabbed a nurse not seriously wounding her but a guard used the bayonet on him and, well he won’t do it again.

The wounded boys say they are fed shamefully while the Germans are spared nothing.

7th One of the boys has received a letter from France, and from what it says it appears that th steel helmets are issued to our boys at the front and the writer got 40 days for boiling eggs in his.

A.M.C. Lesson to-day.

8th The Germans have a dread of Australians according

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To the latest story concerning them. One says “An 3 Englishmen shot at me half a dozen times and missed me, but an Australian, he fired once and killed my father”.

10th & 11th Stretcher work.

12th Have seen my first Rangefinder. It cost £15 and stands on an iron tripod about 9? of the ground

[sketch of rangefinder]

Back view 1

Front view 2

In the back you look through what looks like a

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pair of opera glasses. In side is a periscopic arrangement so that you are looking through the ends as shown in fig 2. Focussing the object you see it as depicted below

[sketch] 3

using the thumbscrew marked x in fig 1 you twist this until the object is perpendicular with its inversion as shown, and the same distance from the thin black line in the middle. The rangefinder is now set and on raising the dial cover marked v in fig 2 the range is shown.

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Each company is taken out to the trenches ½ mile from the camp where they stay for 2 days & nights and instructed in bomb Throwing first with dummies and then real bombs.

At 9 p.m. we were marched to the trenches where we were treated to a demonstration of light bombs. The First was in the shape of a parachute rocket which was fired over the enemy’s position and slowly floated down showing a bright white light for the space of from 3 to 5 minutes illuminating the country for 3 or 400 yards round. The

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next was a red light used in the same way but as a signal only to artillery etc. This does not illuminate at all.

The last one we saw was a bright light without the parachute fired out of a revolver. This was as bright as the first but does not last so long.

13th Church parade 6.45 to 7.30. We then went on leave for the day to Salisbury and had a glorious day. 5th Training Camp Band played Programme in park this afternoon

15th At 12.30 pm the Brigade Band 60 strong ,made up of the whole of the 36th Band

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and the Balance picked from 33, 34, 35th bands.

We were inspected by Brig-Gen’l Jobson, then marched to Amesbury Stationed where we entrained and pulled out at 2.15 for Torquay.

We were to be entertained by the Mayor & Citizens of Torquay and to play 2 programmes on Russian Day


We changed trains at Exeter to the Great Western Ry. and noticed that all this company’s Engines have a name on the side. The carriages are much more comfortable but even these have no lavatories nor supplied

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with waterbottles. From Exeter we travelled a good deal along the coast so that for miles you could toss a stone into the water from the carriage.

The scenery is delightful. Bathing machines and canvas dressing sheds line the seaside resorts which abound here.
We passed Axminster where the famous carpets are made also an old castle such as we have read about in a forest in which we could see quite a number of deer. We arrived at Torre station at 7.30 a.m. Where we were met by the mayor and aldermen of the town with a special 2 decker

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Tramcar was waiting to convey us to the Princess Peir. The people had not seen very many Australians before and they gave us such a reception that confirmed our idea that the English people stand alone in hospitality.

Our tram drive down beautiful though narrow streets lined by chestnut trees was very enjoyable. At the Clock Tower we got off the tram and played “Wessbury” as we marched to the Princess Pier.

Princess Peir & Gardens are one of the features of Torquay The peir runs out into the Bay, called Torbay, about

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600 yards and on the end is a theatre. On arriving at the Peir
we stowed our instruments & stands in a room set apart for the purpose and fell out to be introduced to our hosts with whom we were to be billeted. In some cases the hosts themselves were their to meet us & where they could not come, a troop of boy scouts acted as guides. The biggest Hotels, The grand, The Hydro, The Victoria & Albert etc. each took 4 or 6, and in these places the ordinary tariff being 7 guins a week, and we being even more looked after than the guests did very well. Myself & mate were billeted with

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a widow lady whose husband died in January leaving her with a daughter about 17 and a beautiful house.

Arriving there at 9.30 we had supper which was prepared for us, the old lady mothering us as she called it and making us very comfortable. We each had a room to ourself with absolutely everything one could wish for. The daughter and her friend then took us out for a couple of hours showing us round the country which consists of picturesque lanes overhung like a bower with trees, Ivy covered hedges on both sides, lovely roads etc. To make things even

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more enchanting it was near full moon. We got to bed about midnight tired but happy as larks, and slept well in the lovely soft beds.

At 6.30 in the morning the daughter woke us as arranged and took us for a stroll on the moors till breakfast time at 8’ o’clock. She also took us up to Chapel Hill to see the old Chapel. The history of this is not known although it is known to be over 5 centuries old. It is a stone building with stone roof like an arch and walls 4? thick, about 35? x 20? with hip roof. The floor is of very rough stone. From this hill a magnificent

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view of Torbay & the town is obtained. After breakfast we had to fall in at Princes’s Peir Where we boarded a special tram and were taken by the Mayor and alderman for a sight seeing tour as far as Paignton. It was teeming of rain otherwise we could have seen more than we did but we braved the rain a good deal and at 3 different places they stopped the tram and took us for a walk showing us different parts of the coast such as Brabbacombe Beach etc. The people were delighted with the Australian “Coo-ees” which they insisted on hearing every few yards

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(Just over the moors is Dartmoor with its famous prison)

At 12.30 we were entertained at dinner at the Pavilion Café by the Mayor & Corporation. It was served in 5 courses finishing with Coffee & biscuits. In the pavilion is also a theatre which surpasses many of the London theatres for beauty & class. After dinner we played a programme in fairly good style to a very big crowd. The admission to the peir where we were playing was 7d As well as the band Performance was an Orchestral Recital and grand concert featuring Miss Vesta Tilley, Arthur Bouchier etc. also swimming and aquatic sports. After this was over

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we were given tea on the Peir. We played another programme from 7.30 till 9.30 when even larger crowd were there. They lined the slope down to the beach and encored every piece “Moonlight Bay” we couldn’t play enough for them. Next day we were due to catch the tram at 9.30 to go back but the Mayor was so pleased with our performance & behavior that he wired for an extension of leave.

At 9.15 the answer had not come so we were lined up ready to go when we heard all the girls cheering and we wondered what was doing when the Mayor came along with a big smile on his face and a

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telegram in his hand from the General granting an extension of leave. Of course we gave a Coo-ee and marched back to the peir playing “Westbury” There we stowed our coats and were dismissed till 4 o’clock. We went up on a headland to get a view of Torbay when an old gentleman came and attached himself to us and favoured us with a morning’s most interesting tour of investigation. Torbay is where Sir Francis Drake mustered his ships before going to meet the Armada. After this he took us Torre Abbey, by far the oldest and most

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valuable estate is this part of England. The old gentleman’s father had been in charge of the gardens so His influence stood us in good stead. The estate belonged to Lord (Colonel) Cary who died a month ago and the Cary’s whose ancestors stole it from the monks. There is said to be a curse on the place as for the last 5 generations the direct heir has died before coming into posession. The son of Colonel Cary has just been killed at the front so that the grandson will come into posession. Lady Cary sent down to say that we were to be shown the dining room

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so the servant took us in. We were amazed with the thick carpets, beautiful furniture, Silver plate etc. but what interested us most were the paintings of all the dead & gone Carys looking down at us for from the walls just as you read about in books. On one of the pictures is the inscription, Presented to Lord Cary by King Charles II.

We were then taken into the chapel and there over the altar was a painting of the “Crucifixion” by Raphael, said to be the most valuable in all England. We also went into the Towers, crypts & dung-

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eons. etc We also laid in some stone coffins there, and went into the barn where the Spanish Prisoners were kept in the time of the Armada. It is very dark the only places for light & Ventilation being long narrow slits for windows. The whole place seems to be built so as to be easily defended with little loop holes to fire out of. We had some Devonshire apples but I did not think much of them.

We then were taken round the gardens and hot houses which were the most Wonderful I have ever seen. Grapes 2? long Peaches etc are growing in the hot –

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houses and apples and pears growing on the wall like Ivy. The flowers, Roseries etc. I cannot describe they are beyond imagination especially the begonias.

Part of this abbey was pulled down by Oliver Cromwell and big blocks of masonry lie about upset

At 4 o’clock we played till 4.30 and then moved off to the station in a special tram playing “auld acquaintance”. The parting with the people on the station was quiet touching. Indeed some of the girls were crying and at 5.30 the train moved

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off carrying us back to Salisbury.

We got back to camp at 1.30 a.m. marching through mud up to our ankles.

21st Church parade in morning and parade & programme in Durrington in aid of Salisbury Infirmary for Wounded Soldiers.

22nd Got Telegram from Harry to say he was leaving for Aus on Thursday

23rd The goat which was presented to us at Torquay, being a Billy has undergone an operation to-day, but is progressing favourably. A.M.C. Lec to-day.

24th The battalion went out

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on the downs and had a day’s skirmishing under Service conditions we taking our positions as stretcher bearers.

On one of the Roman Tumilies described in No 1 Diary we found lots of little shells. It seems hard to believe that at one time it was submerged since on this very ground Julius Caesar fought 55 B.C. and shells could hardly retain their shape intact for 2000 years at the least. Although they don’t look like it they may be earth mollusc’s.

24th The whole battalion fully equipped with ammunition waggons, water carts, Carts, cycle corps, stretcher-

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bearers etc, marched off at 9 a.m. for a day and nights bivouacing to Shrewton about 7 miles away. Arrived at 11 a.m. in continuous rain. After a feed of Bread & Cheese the troops marched away in extended order to some trenches where they commenced work, some digging, some on trench warfare & manoeuvres all in the pouring rain. The only shelter in the place was a tent pitched by us as a dressing station for the A.M.C. and in this we spent the majority of the afternoon. About 5 o’clock the doctor took us to an old deserted farmhouse

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of about 15 rooms and in this we are comfortable while the troops are having a terrible time. There being no one to disturb us, some played cricket with pieces of palings and jam tins while I with a couple of mates went for a stroll when we came across mushrooms in galore 5? across. We collected 4 hatfulls and went down to the cook and got ¼ lb of butter, a handful of salt and a dixie lid. We then cooked them and there was enough for a good feed for the whole 28 of us.

We then went down and got our blankets and made

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ourselves comfortable.

In the yard I found an old chain with 2? links this I took up to my room and, the farmhouse being very large old & deserted, seemed to be just the sort of place for ghosts. I had everything arranged for a gigantic scare at midnight. We went to bed at 8 o’clock and went to sleep and woke at ¼ to 5 next morning and thought of our ghost. As we had missed our golden opportunity, we thought we would try it in the semi-daylight. So putting on our boots we stamped slowly up two or 3 steps of the

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wooden stairs, then rattled the chains, two or three more steps, then a dismal sort of howl, then some more chain. Some of the chaps were more scared than they cared to say but the daylight spoilt the joke to a big extent, and Syd’s ghost is universally known in the battalion.

26th The boys when they go out anywhere in the train write their name & address on a piece of paper and say they are “Lonely Soldiers” and would like a letter etc. & throw them out the windows to the damsels on the Station All sorts of replies are returned. Proposals of marrige

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Parcels of cigarettes & Stationery stamps etc, & invitations for weekends.

One of the boys whose aim was only to get all he could and comment after on the softness of these kindhearted “Pommies” had a letter sent to him by one (myself) which took him down a peg. It said that “the writer was an Australian herself and really pitied him. Firstly because if he could not get a friend without public begging he must be a poor specimen of an Australian. Secondly if, seeing how the English people were treating you boys, if they have overlooked you it must be because you are old & ugly and therefore not interesting

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to me, and lastly, if he intended to keep this letter as a keepsake and momento of his giddy days she was sorry that his request did not fall into the hands of Someone with a more romantic nature than himself. Finally she said “I know how you boys are fond of smoking and I pity you. So if you will write I will send you some “Smoker’s Cure” which is said to be very good.” Not knowing that the letter was written by me & sent to a friend down the line to be posted, he has asked me to write a scathing reply to her which I am going to do this morning. I will not put any address inside

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so that, though her reply will not be delivered, it cannot be sent back to him. I will then write him another enclosing some “Rat Poison” saying that is the best cure she could get.

27th We played a programme at Bulford Institute from 5 to 7.

28th Our mascot after the operation: -

[sketch of goat with its head inside the 36th Band Garbage bin]

“Farewell, a long farewell to all my greatness.”
(Henry VIII act III sc IV)

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29th An observation balloon is continually on the lookout for Zeppelins close by the Camp There are Raids almost every day on the South Coast.

Roumania has now entered the war by declaring war on Austria. Italy has also extended her declaration to Germany.

30th One of our boys is very musical. He has drums in his ears, internal organs, & his feet hums.

Bread is 1/0½ per 4 lb loaf steak 1/8 lb and Rump is priceless.

Harry left for Australia yesterday.

Played a programme at

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Brigade Officers Mess in the worst conditions possible. Pouring rain, and covered with a tarpaulin full of holes, and stacked like Sardines. Nevertheless the programme was very creditable and we were complimented by General Monash.

30th It is still wet & miserable.

Changes of Officers are taking place. Colonel Logan the battalion has been transferred to 9th Training Camp

At 6.30 a Concert was held in the Y.M.C.A. Hut & was presided over by the Lord Mayor of Bristol. The following was the program

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Opening address by the Bishop of Bristol.
“Carry On”
“Good Luck go with you”
Miss Pattergell
“The Glow worm”
“That dreamy Lullaby”
Mrs. P Smith
“Captain Mac”
“Gilbert the Filbert”
Mr P Smith
Violin Solos “Songs of Scotland”
Miss Prendergast
“A long long trail”
“There’s a land”
Miss Brett
“The Canadian Canoe”
“Such a pair”
Mr & Mrs P. Smith

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“The Sergeant with the Whiskers”
“Sundry Stories”
Miss Pattergell
Vio Solo “Barcarolle” (Tales of Hoffman)
Miss Prendergast
“Old Fashioned cottage”
“Tell my dream”
Miss Brett
Duet “What spell is in the twilight”

Closing address by Brig Gen’l Jobson


31st Good weather again

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2nd 1st Inoculated for Para-Typhoid to-day.

To-day I received a copy of the History of Torre Abbey Copied from Old Papers & records

“The History of Torre Abbey”
“The situation of Torre Abbey in the olden days must have been ideal. Placed on the sea coast of Devon it looked southwards across Torre Bay towards Brixham and it is said to have been the best provided of all the 35 houses of the English Premonstratensian Canons

It was founded 1196 by William Brewer was endowed with much property in the neighbourhood and was given the patronage of several churches & chapels. The Abbey of Welbeck became the mother house of Torre, sending one

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of their number Adam with 6 companions to start it. But after 3½ years Adam was translated to Newhouse as Abbot. The list of the superiors of Torre is far from complete and little is known of the history of this important abbey beyond what may be gathered from the lately published records of the order in England. One curious story connected with the house in the 14th Century. In 1390 the Bishop solemnly excommunicated the unknown person who spread about a story that the Abbot of Torre, William Norton had murdered and beheaded on of his Canons, Simon Hastings. This accusation the Bishop pronounced to be an infamous falsehood as the canon in question was actually alive and had been seen at the

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abbey. In the year 1456 the Abbot of St Radegund’s was the representative in England of the abbot of Premontre and he posessed the power to visit over the houses of the order. We hear nothing of interest later as we have no record of another visit to Torre abbey for some years. The last abbot was Simon Rede elected and confirmed by the King in Aug. 1523. He and his fellow canons surrendered the monastery to Henry VIII in August 1539 before the Commissioner William Petre. The abbot and his religious sect each received a pension. One of the Canons, John Estrige, died within a month of being expelled from his old home. In 1543 Henry VIII granted the abbey to his favorite John St Ledger who sold it the

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same year to Sir Hugh Pollard. In 1580 Sir Hugh Pollard’s grandson conveyed the property by deed to Sir Edward Seymour of Berry, Pomeroy.

In 1599 Thomas Ridgeway, ancestor of the Earls of Londonderry bought the whole estate in 1653. Sir John Stowell bought part of the estate including Torre Abbey. In 1662 the Abbey Ruins were purchased by Sir George Cary of New Parke Hants in the hands of whose descendants it has remained.

William Brewer was descended from Radulphus de Brueria who held 6 manors as one of followers of Baldwin of Exeter one of William the Conqueror’s Generals he had one son, William Brewer the Younger (who died

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childless and was buried in the chancel of Torre Abbey Church.)”

The stone coffin is still to be seen, but the part of the abbey where it was placed was razed to the ground by Oliver Cromwell during the Restoration

“The 716 years during which this site has been known as Torre Abbey may be divided into 2 periods. The 343 years during which the buildings were occupied by the Premonstratension Canons and the subsequent 373 years as a private Residence.

The name Spanish barn (now used as a coach house is undoubtedly derived from the fact that 397 prisoners prisoners from the galleon “Capitana”

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commanded by Don Pedro de Valdez captured from the Spanish Armada and brought into Torbay on the 22nd July 1588 were incarcerated in the building while the vessel was being dismantled”.

For breakfast we often have hash made of mashed potatoes with onions cut up very small mashed in and small pieces of bacon to flavor it. Try it, mother, if you ever read this, it is lovely.

4th Left Camp at 8.30 AM for two days marching & billeting. We were provided with a midday meal and set out Marching. We passed through Shrewton a small rural village 5 miles from

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camp. After another 6 miles we came to Chitterne at 1 pm. another small village where we ate our midday meal and were shown to Flint Cottage where we were billeted. The front rooms were utilised as the battalion H’q’rs and guard room.

At 4.30 till 6 we played for the Officers mess in the rain and then had tea We then played through the village and I think they thought the end of the world had come as they had never seen Australians before nor had they heard a band for a long while.

Arriving back at our

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billets and turning in between the few blankets we had (about 1 per man) we had no longer closed our eyes and began to think of sleep when the alarm went and we had to dress and fall in outside H’dq’rs, again in the rain. After seeing all present & correct we were dismissed independently to our billets.

5th Rose at 7 a.m. played a few marches and started back to the camp 10.10 a.m. Past through Codford and Wylye two small villages. These little villages always lie in the indentations of these undulating plains

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You see a clump of trees in a hollow, and, looking closer you see numerous buildings with thatched roofs and large overhanging eaves. coming closer still you see it is a little village with 3 or 4 main streets, & a church, which is generally used as a school, the rest of the week. The streets are in some cases not known named except the ones which lead from one village to another. These are called by the name of the village they lead to. Fell out at 12.30 for dinner, we have travelled 8 miles. On each side of us are large fields of purple heather and

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a little farther on hedges of holly, Hawthorn and lots of other trees which we don’t know the name of. We ate some elderberries which also grow in profusion, and somesloes which are like small plums only about twice as sour and about 20 times as bitter.

A body of troops were sent forward in advance we did not know what for until we were passing a clump of bushes when all at once the bushes started to spit fire and the troops that were ambushed had us in easy range. The advance guard

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dropped into a fold of the ground and returned the fire (of course all with blank) cartridges) the A.M.C. & Transport waggons making a detour and halting about half a mile ahead.

After a reconstruction of our troops we continued our march through Winterbourne Stoke and back to camp via the Stonehenge arriving at 5.30 after marching 19 miles for the day.

We are feeling tired, especially in the shoulders where the equipment strap cut us. Our feet are allright as we well soaped our socks

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We passed 2 graves of flying men with stones erected on the spot where they were killed.

[sketch of observation balloon]

Type of captive observation balloon used over the camps on Salisbury plains

6th Ordinary routine again.

7th March through Figheldean where we left the troops to go on skirmishing, while we broke of and paid a visit to the Royal Flying school. At this school are 200 officers, and the whole of the quarters are large bungalow-shaped buildings made of Fibro-cement.

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(A Zeppelin was brought down by Lieu Robinson in flames last night at Cuffley for which he received a V.C.)

It looks like a little town. There are also large workshops where the aeroplanes are made and repaired. We tried our hardest to get a fly but only three succeeded, who won on the drawing of matches. These were taken up for about 10 minutes in Farman biplanes, and Armstrong-Whitworths. They were supplied with helmets and goggles and Triangular blocks with ropes attached were placed under the wheels. The machine was then started by twisting the propellor a few times when the blocks were pulled away and the machine ran down

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the slope with ever-increasing speed When the ascending lever was pulled over and the machine rose like a bird.

In one of the sheds were 4 “Bristol Scouts” ready to be sent over to France. These aeroplanes are the best they have for manoeuvring.

We then played a few marches while the Aero. Officers dined then marched down and awaited our troops whom we played back to camp.

8th Marched to Shrewton Where the troops were instructed in trench warefare and manoeuvres while we enjoyed a quiet siesta under

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the trees as gentlemen should. The empty salmon tins around tell of the good time we have been having Er – “Pass the Cigars Orderly” We then spent the morning writing letters, playing cards etc. until it was time to play the troops back.

Flying through the air is something like sailing on the water. There are what are called pockets of air or air waves and when the planes pass over them they lift considerably as a ship does passing over a wave.

9th 150 men out of each battalion throughout the division were sent over to France

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this morning at 9.0 a.m. to reinforce some of the battalions in action. They marched away to “So-long Letty” without any ceremony save a parting cheer.

We then went down to Amesbury where a collection was being made for the Star and Garter home for disabled soldiers. We also saw a lot of german prisoners being marched to a camp. Among them were two of the Prussian Guard. They looked insolently happy and carefree. They were marched to Rolleston where they were placed in a camp surrounded by barb wire entanglements.

During the night 5000 Australian troops of Reinforcements left camp for france. Received

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2nd para-typhoid inoculation

10th Went over to the German Prisoner’s camp. The German’s are camped in tents surrounded by a fence of barbed wire 8 ft high and numerous sentries marching round with fixed bayonets. They are a big stamp of men and have been sent from Dorchester Prisoner’s camp where they have been since Oct 1915. There are several of the Prussian Guard among them. One of them was asked, by one of the boys who understood German What he thought of Australians He said he was told that if he saw two men with gold teeth calling one another b – s

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They were Australians.

They say the rates of pay are Privates 3½d Corps 5d serg. 7 per day They wear their stripes on their collars [sketch of collar]. They look perfectly happy and well fed.

10th Marched 7 miles to trenches near Shrewton with stretchers, where we had our first taste of stretcher work under service conditions at the front, returned at 3 o’clock.

12th Musketry and Range practice at Larkhill Ranges
Spent the morning marking

[sketch of target trench]

Today. App 1, 2, 300yds

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The targets are in pairs. One bull’s eye and one figure target ballanced and hinged in the centre as per diagram. [previous page] Each bullet hole is pasted over with a small peice of paper the same color as the target, which is made of canvas.
The marking is done with a disc on a stick black on one side & white on the other, and a red & white flag

Bull – White disc placed over Bull. F.T. 4. Bull 4? ring 25 pts

Inner - Disc waved backwards & forwards in front of Target. F.T. 3 Bull 8? ring 20 pts.

Magpie - Disc twisted round F.T. 2 Bull 12? ring 15 pts

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Outer – Black disc moved up & down F.T. 1 Bull 4 in 12? ring & 1 wide 10 pts

P.M.I to be indicated after marking.

A miss or washout is indicated by waving a red & white flag in front of target.

13th Range practice continues

14th Range practice continues

15th Bitterly cold night. Weather perceptibly cooling. Middle of Autumn in colder that Sydney’s Mid winter.

16th Field practice to finish our musketry course. We were marched out to Beach’s Barn Vedette where we laid down our instruments and took up rifles. We were

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marched into a trench by fire unit keeping down out of sight. Before this however 2 scouts were sent on ahead to the trench. These would fire one shot to get the range and communicate it to the N.C.O who with his men, at the sound of the shot advanced into the trench with rifles at the high port. The N.C.O would then give the order to load and then give the range as 500. He will then give the fire order and say “up” when the men will rise and fire the number of shots ordered and get back into cover. The target in this case was a patrol of 5 wooden

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men exposed for 30 secs. At different ranges 2 to 500 yds

The band shot well and were complimented getting 36% of shots fired, hits.

17th Brigade parade this morning on 34th Batt. Parade ground to announce the conviction of Pte Leslie 36th A.I.F. in that he did, on 6th Aug leave the lines and wilfully strike his superior officer Corp – on the side of the head. Accused pleaded “Guilty” and was sentenced to 2 years penal servitude with hard labor in one of His Majesty’s Prisons.

New Orders for Reveille. To march up and down

[Page 62]

the front of Camp, Sound the Regimental Call, Play “Sons of the Brave” the Regimental march, then play “Advance Australia” through once at 6 a.m.

We have orders to pull the white ribbon, numerals, and infantry badges off our shoulder-straps.

Issued with another blanket.

18th Our Brigade work has now commenced with a review and inspection of troops by Brig Gen’l Jobson and Gen’l Monash on the common by the Stonehenge. There were two march pasts in close column of Companies while the mass bands played, also a General Salute.

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19th Brigade work continued by a 3 days marching & billeting to Market Lavington 17 miles away. We started at 8. a m and marched away with 4 stretchers which after a miles march, by the kindness of the doctor were put on the cart. We marched past the graves of the flying men who were killed on the plain when aeroplanes were in their infancy.

Next we passed through Shrewton, a little town or rather village previously described.

The next village we passed through was Tilshead 12 miles from camp This

[Page 69]

is rather a big place of, I should say 1200 inhabitants, 2 or 3 old fashioned inns, a church and a school.

We passed through a rather pastoral district, and the land that was not utilised for farming was, in places covered with heather in Bloom. It is nice when you are in among it but from the distance it looks just like a brown smear on the plains.

After this the road was entirely covered over like a bower with big green trees. Sometimes Chestnuts, sometimes stately elms, beeches Oak and now and then rows of poplars. All along

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the sides of the road, the hedges of Hawthorne, Briar elder- berries etc were intertwined with blackberries with plenty of ripe berries on. But as luck would have it every halt we made, either they were on the wrong side of the road or there was none where we halted. Whenever resting on a march, troops must always fall out on the left side of the road, the officers only being on the right. Coming into a town the boys were making wild snatches to get some when one of the simple village folk said “Poor boys, they must be half starved the way they

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are grabbing for the berries”

Ivy is absolutely a pest here. You see large trees absolutely covered with it. banks, hedges stones, gullies, everywhere it fastens itself to whatever it can cling to. It forms a carpet on the ground, it covers the houses, in fact it is everywhere.

Next we passed what is called the Robber’s stone which is a stone pillar 2? square and 6? high. On it is fastened an iron plate which says that on that spot 4 highwaymen attacked and robbed a gentleman but they were pursued, one of the robbers being killed.

[Page 72]

We then went through West Lavington which is almost a town, by far the largest of the villages we have yet visited. This is accounted for by the fact that the train runs close by the town. We saw a few old houses with inscriptions that they had been built by public subscription for the people who had been ruined by the Great Flood. We also passed a home for old pensioners.

We then came to market Lavington where we were billeted in farm-houses. As usual we came off best and were billeted together on the second floor

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of a butcher’s shop in the main Street.

Strange, here the men “forget to die” they are so old, and active with it. The place must be very healthy.

Apples are very abundant here. The trees are loaded, but I have never yet tasted any that I like as well as the Hobart apples.

20th Marched about 5 miles where we (the band) reclined against a haystack in an elevated position and watched the Brigade at war, 2 battalions against 2 with blank cartridges under war conditions, Our battalion at the 35th winning by

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a strategic flanking movement. The other Battalions all had their bands with instruments. But our Major with his characteristic eccentricity ordered us to take stretchers instead. The Brigadier roused on the major and despatched a motor transport back to camp for our instruments and music, so we played a programme on the square. The inhabitants were delighted as they had never heard a band like ours before.

21st At 10 a.m we left for home and arrived at camp 4 pm. We took the same route back which is about 17 miles each way.

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At Westbury, a few miles from Lavington they have a big white horse on the slope of the downs made by stripping the turf from the hillside showing the chalk underneath. It is supposed to be a representation of the horse ridden by Alfred the Great in his battle against the Danes.

22nd Practice for Divisional Review to be held next week.

23rd Brigade sports to be held on the downs near Rifle Range. Mule races etc were held.

The band are absolutely exasperated with the major who stopped our weekend leave after it was granted from Brigade Hq’rs. and we were

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all dressed and waiting for passes.

24th Last night 12 aeroplanes Zeppelins visited Essex and S.E. districts round London doing considerable damage to minor properties, and killing 30 and injuring 99 people.

The first hint of the raid had come in the shape of Policemen tapping windows and telling people to be careful because Zeps were about, so most of the people decided not to go to bed but stayed up to see the Zeps. The night was very dark and cloudy and at 11.30, the noise of a Zep could be heard like the sound of a threshing machine

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It was invisible however being above the clouds. Suddenly the clouds parted and a searchlight fixed her beam on the Zep. She zigzagged about to try and get out of sight but the anti-aircraft guns broke out and shells were bursting all round her. She looked like a big sausage. She began to tilt then righted herself but the silver tint began to assume a ruddy hue and she slowly began to descend. Suddenly she burst into flame, looking like a piece of waste soaked in paraffin on fire, then collapsed and fell to the ground. The petrol tanks caught fire and she lay

[Page 78]

looking very like the framework of a scenic railway. The people were jubilant and sang patriotic songs in the street.

Another Zepp was disabled and came to earth in Essex the crew of 22 were taken prisoners. People came in a continual stream to see it.

The bombs are dropped from a basket suspended by a rope up to 5000 ft. long, containing telephone and electric lights and bomb throwing apparatus.

25th Divisional Band practice preparatory to playing for the Review on

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Wednesday. Nearly 20 bands were in attendance and were divided into 4 groups to play for the march past. One band to relieve the other in succession, marches to be separated by six beats of the drum at the intervention of each new band. Our march is “The last Stand”. The others strange to say are playing German marches “My Regiment” and “Tiekes Old Comrades”.

26th Rehearsal of to-morrow’s review.

27th Review of Australian troops by King George at Bulford on Salisbury Plns. Troops were pouring on

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to the Parade ground from 8.30 am. The King arrived at 11.15 on a coal black horse When the whole of the troops came to the “present” and the Massed Australian Bands played the Royal Salute of 6 Bars of “God Save the King”. With the king came a group of about 20 military officers and a banner bearer carrying a flag with the King’s coat of arms. On the flagstaff at the saluting base also floated the King’s flag. The bands then took turns to play the inspection march while the King accompanied by Gen’l Monash the O.C. 3rd Division Rode past and

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inspected the troops. The band then changed position to 100 yds from, and facing the Saluting base. The King took up his position and the march past began. First came 11 batteries of artillery each consisting of 4 guns and 4 ammunition waggons. Then came the 9th, 10th, & 11th Brigades, A.M.C., ASC, New Zealand Artillery & Infantry, also Various brigades from Tidworth, Bulford & Perham downs Camps. As troops passed the Saluting base the commanders of each unit i.e. C’O’s Battalions, wheeled off to the right and took up their positions where they re-

[Page 82]

mained till after the review when the King shook hands with them as they filed past. The parade took 1 hour and 15 minutes to pass and occupied about 4 miles. They marched past in close column of platoons. The massed bands embraced about 25 bands from various camps approximately 650 players.
After the march past was over the massed troops cheered the King as he passed on his way from the ground. Troops marched back to their several Camps.

The whole was carried out in a manner that could not but redound to the credit of Australia and Australians

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Altogether 50,000 troops took part.

28th Field Firing at Beach’s Barn. Brigade marched through Netheravon, still another village, 5 miles from Camp. It is a superior village to most of the others, but still – a village! 3 miles farther on we came to Beach’s Barn where we (the band) lay down watching the aeroplanes. We saw some very fine flying, looping the loop, spiral descents, wheeling etc. The bristol Scouts are absolutely marvelous. When turning the stand on their end. We returned at 5.30.

[Page 84]

29th We have at last been granted leave to London, so we leave Amesbury station at 5.49 pm arriving at Waterloo station at 8.30. Went out to Kentish Town in the tube and had a look round. Arrived back and slept at Salvation Army hut.

30th Have found out that at every big Railway Station there is a buffet where soldiers can get refreshments free of charge. Waterloo, Liverpool St, Paddington etc. We has Breakfast at the War Chest Club near Horseferry Rd then went and booked beds at Buckingham Gate, a place for soldiers without

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equal in London. We then strolled down the West End in the most aristocratic Part of the city and returned to the Anzac Buffet in Victoria St for dinner. After dinner we strolled through Hyde Park and along by the Serp. passing a beautiful Statue of Peter Pan on the way. Next we came to the Albert Hall and Albert Memorial. The Albert Memorial is a seated Statue of Albert the Good and all round the base, the life size figures of the great Masters of Music, Painting, sculpture, architecture etc. It is the most

[Page 86]

expensive statue in London. Opposite is Albert Hall, the largest hall in Europe. It is circular and about 150 ft high. After tea we went out to Liverpool street.

During the day we visited Grandmother and Aunt Rose who is a jolly old sport and made us very welcome.

At 12 o’clock the clocks were put back an hour to correct time.

1st October. Sunday.
We had a look at Westminster Cathedral a very curious looking place very unlike a cathedral in appearance, and the

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massive Natural History & Victoria & Albert Museums. We then went down Oxford st. Park Lane, Bond Street etc on the ‘buses and were just in time to see the Life Guards with their band Marching back from a church parade. They wear khaki instead of their gaudy uniforms but they are fine big men all over 6?. We then saw the Grenadier Guards church parade in their Red coats and busbies, it looked Splendid & the Music was excellent. We then saw the anti-aircraft gun crew at practice as an aeroplane passed

[Page 88]


We then went to hear the Republic Garde Band, the best military band in the world Who came on a visit from France, to return a visit made by a band of our guards to France some time ago. They gave an open air performance at the Horseguard’s Parade at 12.45. They are entertained at Hotel Cecil. Thousands and Thousands of people cheered them, especially when they concluded with “Marsellaise”.

We dined at the Buffet where I met Harry. He spent the afternoon with us at a concert at Albert

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Hall. Albert hall from the gallery presents a remarkable appearance of unparalleled magnificence. There are 8 galleries and seating accomodation 40,000. There are special Royal boxes for the King and royal family The Albert Hall Orchestra of some hundred performers was to me the very best that could be heard. I have never known that such a performance was possible.

At 10 o’clock the searchlights were searching for Zepps which they knew were about and in the morning we read that another Zep has been brought down

[Page 90]

in flames.

They know when the Zeps cross Belgium, and can tell just about where they are.

There are what are called 3 circles and every circle the Zep crosses the people are informed their whereabouts by either 1 2 or 3 short flashes. Otherwise no search lights are used until the Zeps are within range when about 12 streams of light pick up the Zep and the guns roar out often putting paid to her account.

Caught 10.20 train back to Camp our leave having expired.

2nd Shifted camp about

[Page 91]

1 mile further away from the station.

Have a new C.O. Colonel Simpson V.C.

3rd The ground is so sloppy that it is suggested we wear our identification disc on top of our heads in case we get bogged. As we get very little practice during the day we are voluntarily doing ½ an hours scale practice each night starting this evening.

4th Trench warfare under war conditions Marched through a little Village called Orcheston. Carrying in wounded for SB’s.

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5th Field work for the Brigade, Our battalion acting as a flank guard.

6th Weather still wet and miserable.

The morals of English girls seem to be of a very low standard and even what one would take for the better class comes language and general demeanour, that in Sydney would token a street girl.

No day parades owing to night stunt which, owing to the wet did not come off.

7th Play’d at Artillery Sports 2 till 5.30. The wind making things un-

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comfortable. Sports very interesting, included tent pegging, mule races, hurdles etc. Big Zeppelin raid expected to night all lights extinguished at 6.30.

100 extra guards were placed over the Germans.

8th None came. Played at Amesbury for church parade and programme in street after. This is the first time I have ever heard of a band playing round the street to make the people come to church. Seems more like a patriotic concert.

9th On Monday we left camp for a week in the trenches by Bustard inn. For the

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First few days we, as stretcher bearers, had medical lectures while the men in the ranks did trench work. On wednesday and thursday We attacked and took trenches as in real war conditions.

On Friday General Birdwood came to see our work to see if he thought we were fit to relieve the 2nd Division

An attack was made on a line of trenches with aeroplanes and under artillery fire, Light bombs etc. I was put in charge of “C” Co SB’s and at each charge we had about 20 casualties to deal with. We were complimented and assured a speedy departure for France.

14th Back in camp “Thank Goodness”

End of No (2)

[Page 95]

May your joys be as deep as the ocean
And your troubles as light as its foam.

Think of all the kind words that have ever been said
And of all the kind thoughts that ever have sped
And of all the good luck that to you could befall
And be sure that my heart for you echoes them all.

[Page 96]

The more I see of man
The more I love my dog

Last night I held a little hand
So dainty and so sweet
Methought my little heart would break
So W
ildly did it beat

No greater hand into my soul
Could greater solace bring
Than that fair hand I held last night
4 aces and a king.

Here’s to the man who rocks his child
And rocks his child alone
For there’s many a man rocks an other man’s child
And thinks he rocks his own

[Page 97]

[sketch of colour patch]

Scheme of Colours 1st division
1½ ? bars 2½? long. To be Horizontal

1 Black
2 Purple
3 Chocolate
4 White ” ”
over green



13 Lt Blue

[Page 98]

Scheme of Colours 2nd Divis

18 Purple




[Page 99]

[sketch of elliptical colour patch]

Scheme of Colours 3rd Div.
Colours to be of elliptical shape greater axis 3? lesser axis 1½?
greater axis to be Horizontal

Brig 9
33 Black
34 purple
35 Brown
36 White
over green

[Brig] 10
37 Black
38 purple
39 Brown
40 White
over Red

41 Black
42 purple
43 Brown
44 White
Lt Blue

Trench M.
Mach. Gns

Engnrs Purple

[Page 100]

“Quaker Girl”

Come with me Come to the ball
Music & Merriment call
Golden & Gay are the lamps above
Every tune is a song of love
Ladies that come to the ball
I am in love with you all
Each has a part in my heart
At the ball At the ball
Come to the dances while you may
Flowers & Romance fade with the day
Come in your beauty fair as a rose
Dancing’s a duty everyone knows

A Long Long Trail

There’s a long long trail a winding
Into the land of my dreams
Where the Nightingale is singing
And the White moon beams
Theres a long long night of waiting
Till my dreams all come true
Till the day when I’ll be going
Down the long long trail with you

[Page 101]

ext. “Prof Beauty”

Thinkest thou there are no serpents in the world
But those that glide along the grassy sod
And sting the luckless foot that presses them?
There are those in the path of social life
Do bask their spotted skins in fortune’s sun
And slay the soul.

I see thou has’t pass’d sentence on my heart
And I’ll no longer weep nor plead against it
But with the humblest most obedient patience
Meet thy dear hands, and kiss them when they wound me.

[Page 102]

O how the Spring of love resembleth
The uncertain glory of an April day
Which now shows all the glory of the Sun
And by and by a cloud takes all away

O Say not woman’s false as fair
That like the bee she ranges
Still sucking flowers more sweet & rare
As fickle fancy changes
Ah No The love that first can warm
Will leave her bosom never
No second passion ere can charm
She loves – and loves for ever

If she be not fair for me
What care I how fair she be

[Page 103]

extract (Professional Beauty)

Beauty is but a vain & doubtful good
A Shining gloss that fadeth suddenly
A flower that dieth when first gives to bud
A brittle glass that’s broken presently
A doubtful good, a gloss, a glass, a flower,
Lost, faded, broken, dead within an hour

Since thou cans’t with more than one
Thou’rt worthy to be loved by none

The first sound in the song of love
Scarce more than silence is and yet a sound
Hands of invisible spirits touch the strings
Of that mysterious instrument the soul
And play the prelude of our fate

Two separate worlds – the one that small
Beloved & consecrated spot
Where Quita was; the other all
The dull wide waste where she was not

[Page 104]

Autographs Torquay 17/8/16

Sometime when you think of the days that have gone
In prosperity, even in failure,
Though our friendship was short
Still spare just a thought
For the comrades from sunny Australia.

We’re glad to know our English friends
Extend the welcome hand
And hope as time goes on they’ll not
forget Australia’s band.

S Young

Words may be false tears
but unrecorded untruths
but eyes are the windows of the soul

[Page 105]

I hear you calling me

1. I hear you calling me
You called me when the moon had veiled her light
Before I went from you into the night
I came do you remember back to you
For one last kiss beneath the kind star’s light

2. I hear you calling me
And Oh the ringing gladness of your voice
The words that made my longing heart rejoice
You spoke O you remember and my heart
Still hears the distant music of your voice.

3. I hear you calling me
Though years have stretched their weary length between
And on your grave the mossy grass is green
I stand, do you behold me, listening here
Hearing your voice through all the years between

[Page 106]

The Better Land

1. I hear thee speak of a better land
Thou call’st its children a happy band
Mother where is that radiant shore?
(Shall we not seek it) & weep no more
Is it where the flower of the orange blows
And the fireflies dance through the myrtle boughs
Not there: not there: my child.

2. Is it far away in some region old
Where rivers wander o’er sands of gold
Where the burning rays of the ruby shine
And (the diamond lights up) the secret mine
Is it there sweet mother that better land
Not there: not there: my child

3. Eye hath not seen it, my gentle boy
Ear hath not heard its deep songs of joy
Dreams cannot picture a world so fair
(Sorrow or death) may not enter there
Time doth not breathe (on its fadeless bloom)
Far (beyond the clouds) (Far beyond the tomb)
Far beyond the clouods – beyond the tomb
It is there, It is there My child it is there
Tis there

[Page 107]

My Hero
(Chocolate Soldier)

I have a true and noble lover, he is my sweetheart, all my Own
His like on earth who shall discover his heart is mine & mine alone
We pledged our troth each to the other and for our happiness I pray
Our lives belong to one another (O happy happy Wedding day)

Come Come I love you only my heart is true
Come Come My life is lonely I long for you
Come Come naught can efface you
My arms are aching now to embrace you
Thou are divine
Come, Come, I love you only come hero mine

It is my duty to bow before thee, It is my duty to love, adore thee.
It is my duty to love thee ever, to love thee ever, love thee ever
We pledged etc.

[Page 108]

The Recruits 10 commandments

I. When on guard thou wilt challenge all parties approaching thee.
II. Thou shall not sent any engraving of any airship in the heavens above or any postcard of the earth below or any drawing of any submarine under the sea For I the censor am a jealous censor visiting the iniquities of the offenders by giving 3 months C.B. but showing mercy unto thousands by letting their letters go free
III. Thou shall not use profane language unless under extroardinary circs such as getting your comrade shot or getting petrol in your tea.
IV. Remember the soldier’s week consists of 7 days 6 shalt thou labour and do all thy work & on the 7th do Odd jobs

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V. Honour thy king & thy country, keep your rifles well oiled & shoot straight that your days may be long upon the land that the enemy giveth thee.
VI. Thou shall not steal (thy comrade’s kits)
VII. Thou shall not kill (time)
VIII. Thou shall not adulterate the mess tin by using it as a shaving mug
IX. Thou shall not bear false witness against thy comrades, such as to his outcomings or incomings.
X. Thou shall not covet the sergeant’s post, nor the corporal, nor the staff major but do thy duty and by dint of perseverance rise to the high position of Field Marshall

[Page 110]

The Soldier’s Parade

6.30 Reveille - Christians Awake
6.45 Rouse Parade – Art thou weary
7 am Breakfast – Meekly wait & murmur not
8.15 C.O.S. Parade – When he Cometh
8.45 Manoeuvres – Fight the good fight
12.15 Swedish Drill – Here we suffer grief & pain
1 Dinner – Come ye thankful people come
2.15 Rifle drill – So Labour
3.15 Lectures by Offs. – Abide with me
3.30 Dismiss – Praise God from whom all blessings flow
4 Tea - What means this eager anxious thing
6.10 Out of bounds – We may not know we cannot tell
10 Last Post – All are safely gathered in
10.15 Lights out – Peace Perfect Peace
10.20 Ins of Guard – Sleep on Beloved

[End of Diary 2]

[Transcribed by Peter Mayo and Barbara Manchester]