William Hilton Hovell - papers, 1815-1860, with associated papers, ca. 1902-1931
Ah 47

Letter from W.H. Hovell to Walter Morris, 12 Jan. 1834 (Ah 47/1/1)

My Dear Sir

In answer to your Notes of yesterday - which I could not conveniently answer at the time – I beg to say – to guard against accidents, and to make the thing regular, give me your memoranda for the Sum and time mentioned, and I promise you (as I shall not want the money) that no use will be made it, but remain in the hands of my Agent, Capt. Church, till you pay it on your return. This is in accordance with my Arrangement, and Message to you, through your Overseer, on the purchase

As I am likely to be on the spot, till April, I will if you wish it, sit for you, as Secretary to the Association, if required, till your return, and will accordingly, if you approve of it, write to Mr Rowe to that effect, so as to receive his communications.

I have spoken to Mr Bradley, who left this yesterday for Sydney, on the subject of the Rams, as also which would be the best way for you to pass through Goulburn. – It appears that your best route will be by the old Road to the Township and pass over Mr B´s land situated between the River and the gallows, and get upon the Yass Road beyond Mrs. Broughtons Grant, by which means you will avoid Mrs. B.´s sheep, & those of Mr Savage, they both, I believe, are diseased.  In passing through the Township my two Rams could left at Mat Haleys [?] who would either send them to Mr. B´s or let the Overseer know of it – but if you will inform me the time you will pass that way and the road you take I will acquaint Mr B´s overseer of particulars.

Letter from William Burnett to W.H. Hovell, 22 Aug. 1815 (Ah 47/1/4)

Schooner Brothers  Trials Harbour
August 22nd.  1815.


According to your request I here Transmit you an Account of the Proceedings on board this Vessel on Sunday afternoon.   In the forenoon I had made a present to Narouson [?]
(principal chief at Trial Harbour) of a Red Jacket and some beads in a recompense for His apparently friendly Conduct towards Us and with which he went on shore seemingly well pleased.  There was a number of Canoes alongside and several people outside the Nettings in the Channels where they had been accustomed to Stand and Trade but None on Deck.  Two of the crew were on Shore with your people at liberty, the rest were Employed variously about the Deck.   About half past twelve oclock I heard a great Shout on board the Trial & Instantly our Decks were filled with Natives.  Seeing their Intent I Caught a Musket which I had Loaded a Short time before & Shot one which I knew to be a leader amongst them.  I then flew to the Swivel. But unfortunately She would not Go off, John O´Neal keeping their Blows from me at the same time with the Empty Musket.  I then went to hand up Arms and ammunition when another

Native made a blow at me which I avoided and caught on my hand.  At this time there would be not less than 150 Natives on Deck and the Crew all Separated.  John O´Neal Stood some minutes and fell at last overpowered.  Thos. Hayes was wounded and thrown into a canoe & killed on Shore. Joseph Marsden was wounded, him and Geo. Hollogan jumped overboard.  The Chiefs Wife protecting them saved their lives, the latter supposes J. Marsden to be alive with them on shore.  After some time I went into the hold where I found Michl. McKillish and the boy Wm Morgan with a Slight Wound in his Neck.  The Natives seeing Us called out to hand up Some Matts  And hearing some Muskets fired on board the Trial I handed Up a Quantity of Trade to prevent them from Coming below but Some of them did go down in the forecastle.  The firing I now heard more constant & [Foster?] the New Zealander was on Deck whom they were persuading to call me up.  In about half an hour more they began to leave the Vessel you having opened a fire upon the Schooner.  I now came on Deck with the man I had left and joined in the firing upon the Natives in the Water & on Shore which must have done a deal

of Execution.  Both our cables were Cut and every movable Thing taken off the Deck which they Could Carry with Them.  I am sorry to Inform you that John O´Neal & Thos. Hayes are Killed, Joseph Marsden Missing, Myself & Wm. Morgan wounded but not badly.  I buried the deceased in the morning and concluded the Service with Returning thanks to God for our preservation from those Inhuman Treacherous Savages whose numbers would not be less then 1000 or 2000 Men.  I have to request you will have the goodness to let me have a man or two from you to assist in working the Vessel being now so short handed.  The following is a list of the Articles taking by the Natives.

I remain Sir
Yours &c. &c.

Wm. Burnett

One Iron pot
One Tea Kettle
One Ladle Forty one prs. Scissors
All the bars of Cabouse [?] Fifty five Sailing needles
One Bucket & Mess lid Fifty two Chissels & Goudges
Part of the Old Mainsail Four New Zealand Matts
Two Pump Spears Some Iron Hooks
Three Pump bolts A Quantity of beads
One Musket Eleven files
Two Cartouch Boxes Two Marling Spikes
Two Cutlasses Two Pr. Shot Moulds
Fifty four fish Hooks Geo Hollogans Clothes
Twenty six Clasp Knives Wm. Morgans Bedding
                                                Thos. Hayes Clothes & bedding.

Capt. W. H. Hovell
Brig Trial
Trials Harbour.

Capt. Burnett´s letter to WHH at Trials Harbour after the retaking of both Vessels
Aug. 22nd. 1815.

Draft letter from W.H. Hovell to Hamilton Hume, 18 Jan. 1853 (Ah 47/1/7)


Goulburn 18 Jany.  1853

Dear Hume

Ere this, no doubt, you will have heard of my return from Port Philip where I should have been glad if you had accompanied me. When I had made up my mind to visit that Colony, I sent a message to you, through I believe, Mr. Watson asking you to join me at Melbourne, that we might mutually partake of the kindness which I was aware the good people of Victoria were disposed to pay us, and which from the repeated enquires about you, and the disappointment expressed at your not being there, I take it for granted that you would have been a welcome guest.

If you have been in the receipt of the Public Journals, you are no doubt acquainted with what has transpired at Geelong, and the Testimonials

Testimonials which the joint committees of Melbourne & Geelong intends giving us.
The obelisk which is to hand down our names to posterity is to be erected at or near the point where our Journey terminated, & as it is to be a Beacon for Vessels to pass over the Bar into Geelong Bay, it is the intention of the Committee to ask the Government to give an equal sum to that collected by Subscription.  I sent you a rough tracing of the Sand Spit running North from Point Henry where a Dredge with all the necessary appliances is now at work deepening the Channal, that passage being nearest to the Obelisk Point.  At present Vessels drawing more than ten feet water are obliged to lay under Point Henry to load, while Craft of a less draft of water can pass over the Bar and unload and take in Cargo at the wharves at the Town of Geelong.  This place in point

point of situation is very far before Melbourne and if large Ships can once enter the Bay will surpass the present Capital.

Perhaps you are not aware that no Vessel above 200 tons is allowed to go up the Yarra to Melbourne therefore all cargoes of Ships above that tonnage have to be delivered into lighters at Hobsons Bay and taken up to town, a distance of 7 miles.

If I should go to Melbourne next November. will you accompany me?

I think it likely I shall go to the Ovens in a months time, are you inclined for a trip?

Yours sincerely

Resolutions prepared for a meeting at Geelong, ca. 1852-3 (Ah 47/1/8)

The Mayor to take the Chair, state the object of the meeting, and introduce Captain Hovell.

1st Resolution – That the services of Captain Hovell, in conjunction with Mr. Hume as the first inland explorers of this portion of Australia, and the subsequent publication of their journal, led to a great degree to the settlement of Port Phillip; and that the indomitable energy and perseverance of these gentlemen, one of whom is now amongst us, should be celebrated by a public acknowledgment of services which have been followed by results so vast, beneficial, and important.

2nd Resolution – That this meeting is of the opinion that, as a preliminary mark of respect and appreciation, a public banquet should be given to Captain Hovell, and that Messrs. ……………. be appointed a committee to make arrangements for the same, and to invite His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor to preside.

3rd Resolution – That it is also proper that a permanent monument of the successful result of the expedition should be erected, either on the point of the Harbour reached by Messrs. Hovell & Hume, or in the town of Geelong, and that the Committee already named be instructed to make the requisite arrangements prior to the time appointed for the Banquet.

Zouch to the Chair  &c.

1st resolution
         Mr J.G. Carr
        Rev. Mr Love

2nd. Mr McKellor
        Mr Deering


Measure to the Hovell & Hume Obelisk.

Letter from William Pitt Faithfull to W.H. Hovell, 29 Oct. 1860 (Ah 47/1/9)

Association for the Suppression of Cattle Stealing
Offices, 227 George Street,
Sydney.  29th October  1860

My dear Sir,

I recollect some years since that you were one of the most active members of a Cattle Association, then formed for the suppression of Cattle Stealing – and so I knew you would be very careful in preserving all papers with which

W.H. Hovell Esq. MP

 you have had anything to do – I feel almost certain that you have the Rules and Regulations then formed for its conduct, if so, will you be so good as to lend them to me for perusal by the present Committee now formed for Suppression of Cattle Stealing, and I will return them to you most safely.

Be pleased to present my Kind Compliments to Mrs. Hovell
And Believe me
Yours truly

Wm. P. Faithfull

Direct for me at the Australian Club.  I am tired of being here and hope soon to leave for home.

Letter from William Pitt Faithfull to W.H. Hovell, 31 Oct. 1860 (Ah 47/1/9)

Australian Club
Sydney  31 October 1860

My dear Sir

The Committee for the Suppression of Cattle Stealing felt very thankful for your suggestions which are adopted.  I now return you the papers with many thanks for your kindness.  I knew that if any man in the Colony had the Rules of the Old Cattle Association, it would be you

W.H. Hovell Esq.  J.P.

Indeed whenever at a loss for anything of importance connected with the Old affairs of the Colony I shall not go from my mark in applying to you.

It gave us great assistance and would have been an imperfect measure without your assistance.

With kind regards to Mrs. Hovell
I am yours truly

Wm. P. Faithfull

Memorial to Governor Sir C.A. Fitzroy, 1850, with reply from the Colonial Secretary, 1851 (Ah 47/1/10)

To   His Excellency Sir Charles Augustus Fitz Roy,
Knight, Companion of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order, Captain-
General and Governor-in-Chief of the Colony of New South Wales and
Its Dependencies, &c. &c.

The Memorial of the Landowners, Carriers, and Mail Contractors, interested
In the Great South Road and of the Inhabitants of the different Towns situate

Humbly Sheweth,

That your Memorialists have seen a Petition addressed to Your Excellency,
praying for Your Excellency´s sanction to an extensive alteration between Liverpool and
Narellan in the line of Road at present in use towards the South, and praying that Your  
Excellency will cause the same to be constructed and opened as part of the Great South Road.

That it has come to your Memorialists knowledge, that Your Excellency has been
pleased to act upon the said Petition by causing the said proposed line of Road to be surveyed.      

That Your Memorialists pray that Your Excellency will be graciously pleased to cause enquiry to be made touching the allegations in the said Petition mentioned, in as much as the line of Road now used by way of Narellan, the Cowpasture Bridge, and the Razor-Back Range, is not the Great South Road, but a mere road of expediency  -
the Great South Road as determined upwards of twenty years ago by the Commissioners for the division of the Territory, having never yet been made, or attempted to be made.

That it appears to your Memorialists, that if the Public Funds are to be applied to make the proposed new line by Narellan, and likewise to replace the Cowpasture Bridge, which cannot last long, that it will be far more expedient to apply such Funds, with what in addition may be necessary, to the making of the direct and proper line.

 That the interests and welfare of your Memorialists are greatly damaged by their being obliged to travel the line of Road between Liverpool and Lupton´s, at present in use, inasmuch as the Road between Liverpool and the Cowpasture Bridge, is, as stated by the Petitioners before alluded to, in a very bad state; in addition to which the Bridge on every occasion of flood is under water, and the whole country in this direction, being
subject to inundation, becomes impassable, thus delaying the Mails and cutting off all intercourse: -  during the recent rains, the Bridge was sixteen feet under water, and the neighbouring flats a complete sea for miles: - but more than all, your

Memorialists would request your Excellency´s serious consideration of the fact, that the Razor-Back Range is upwards of one thousand feet high, and that, not only have travellers to ascend and descend unnecessarily this range, entailing a great loss of power, but it steepness precludes the possibility of it every being made a good Road.
      That your Memorialists do not wish to disguise from Your Excellency, that to make the Great South Road, or as it is now called, “the central line´, (because it is found that, that is the direction which a Railway must take,) there are two formidable ravines to be bridged, but that with this exception, the road can easily be made, and will not be like the Cowpasture line, subject to inundation.  
      That for the difficulties that must arise in surmounting the dividing range in consequence of its being so near the coast, as made evident by recent levellings, a formidable obstacle is presented to the construction of a Railway, to which your Memorialists have been for many years looking forward.  And your Memorialists therefore beg to urge upon Your Excellency the expediency of having a proper highway constructed, seeing that the Great South Road is the most important artificial feature in the Colony, being the outlet to the Provinces of Victoria and Adelaide.  And your Memorialists respectfully submit that it would be far better to incur an expense in the first instance, and make a good and practicable Road to the South, than to pursue the system of patchwork on the impracticable lines, as at present in operation.
      That the making of the Great South Road as now prayed for, by your Memorialists, would be of great public importance, inasmuch as it would greatly facilitate, by a Bridge over the Cataract, the communication by land with the Illawarra, now almost abandoned, and lead to the cultivation of a great extent of rich brush land, still in a state of nature; that it would moreover restore the towns of Campbelltown and Appin, now almost ruined, to their originally flourishing condition; whilst the village of Camden, although the main part of the traffic would be diverted from it, would not suffer in consequence of its being in the heart of a fine agricultural district.
      That amongst the numerous advantages that would result to the public from the making of the Great South Road, would be the saving of seven miles of distance, - the avoidance of all obstruction from floods, the use of the already well-constructed line as far as Appin, and the perfect level of the whole line, instead of clambering over the Razorback, and other obstructions which are found on the line now in temporary use.
      That your Memorialists relying on your Excellency´s well-known desire to countenance the most judicious and really economical expenditure of the Public Funds on these main arteries of the Colony, the Roads; humbly solicit your attention to their prayer, and that you will cause the unmade part of the line of the Great South Road to be surveyed by the proper authorities, and estimates of the expense likely to be incurred framed, in order that your Excellency may be made aware of the great public advantages that would  result from the adoption of these suggestions, and further that your Excellency may be pleased to cause the said Road to be constructed and opened as soon as it may be convenient to your Excellency to make the necessary arrangements.
      And your Excellency´s Memorialists will ever pray.
Presented to Govr. on Monday 30 Decr. 1850
By Messers Bradley, D. Cooper and Wm.H. Hovell.  – Answer favourable.
Jones – Printer  Goulburn.  11th November 1850.

Reply 51 – 182

Colonial Secretary´s Office
Sydney  21st January  1851.


I do myself the honor by direction of the Governor to acknowledge the receipt of your Memorial without date, praying that certain alterations may be made in the line of road, called the Great South Road, and a portion of the Public Funds may be laid out in effecting the same; and in reply to inform you, that it will be quite out of his Excellency´s power, to consent to apply any part of the Public Funds to opening or making another line of Southern Road, more especially as you state, that the line referred to by you,
Is the direction the Railroad must  take.

2. His Excellency however will have no objection to authorise a Survey of the proposed line, if the Surveyor General (to whom the matter has been referred) is not already in possession of the information required, from documents in his office.

I have the honor to be
Your most obedient Servant

E. Deas Thomson.


When the Surveyor General´s report has been received by his Excellency a
farther communication will be made to you upon the subject.

William Hilton Hovell Esqr.  J.P.
Daniel Cooper Junr. Esqr.  M.L.C.
George Hill Esq. and
Thomas Broughton Esq and the other Gentlemen signing the Memorial.

Printed broadsheet concerning cattle stealing; annotated by W.H.Hovell, in 1836 (Ah 47/1/12)

A Meeting of Gentlemen, Graziers and others, residing in the Districts of Appin, Minto and Cook, having been convened to take into consideration the alarming extent to which Depredations on Horned Cattle and other Stock have been lately carried and to devise means to prevent the same.

John Coghill Esq.  J.P. in the Chair.

The following Resolutions were unanimously agreed to.
1st – Moved by Mr. Hovell,  seconded by Mr. Moore. –
That the document (vide below) now read, and to which Subscribers names are affixed,
be considered the basis upon which this Association is established.

2nd – Moved by Mr. Hamilton Hume, and seconded by Mr. Clements. – That the business connected with this Association by conducted by a Committee of five Members, including the Secretary and Treasurer, and that the following Gentlemen be requested to act as such, for the term of twelve months; viz –

John Coghill  Esq. (Treasurer);
William E. Riley Esq, Secretary;
Thomas Wills  Esq. ;
Joseph Thompson Esq. ;
W.H. Hovell  Esq. ;
James Chisholm  Esq. Treasurer. [annotation – repeated in margin]

3rd – Moved by Mr. Moore, and seconded by Mr. Wills, -
That an order from the Secretary on the Treasurer, for the payment of any sum of money to any person who has prosecuted to conviction any offender against any Member of this Association, shall be a sufficient warrant to the Treasurer to pay the same.

4th – Moved by Mr. Chisholm, and seconded by Mr. Dutton. – That each Member pay into the hands of the Treasurer, One Pound Sterling, towards creating a fund for the payment of rewards.  

5th – Moved by Mr. Wills, and seconded by Mr. Hovell –
That the Secretary be empowered, by the direction of the Committee, to call on each Subscriber for a further deposit in the hands of the Treasurer, of such sum or sums of money not exceeding the annual subscription of £5. Each, to enable the Treasurer to meet such demands as may be made on him from time to time by the Secretary, for the payment of rewards.

6th – Moved by Captn. Thompson, and seconded by Mr. Chisholm, - That any Member neglecting to pay, or not causing to be paid to the Treasurer, the amount of any call made by the Secretary, agreeably to the last resolution, within one month of notice to that effect, will be considered as having forfeited all protection of this Association, and his name will be struck off the list accordingly.   

7th – Moved by Mr. Dutton, and seconded by Captain Coghill, - That Persons wishing to become Members of this Association, be invited to send their subscriptions and names to any one of the Committee.

8th – Moved by Mr. Wills, and seconded by J.J. Moore, - That the Secretary, at the request in writing of any three Members of the Association, be empowered to call a General Meeting of Subscribers.

9th – Moved by Mr. Hovell, and seconded by Mr. Hamilton Hume, - That the proceedings of the Meeting be published in two of the public journals.

(Signed)     John Coghill

Campbell Town, 21st. Sept.  1833.

We whose names are subscribed to this document, having for some time past experienced great Depredations on Horned Cattle and Horses in the immediate vicinity of our residences, have with the view of checking the growing evil, and apprehending offenders, formed ourselves into a Society for the better security of each other´s property.

We therefore pledge ourselves individually to pay or cause to be paid when called on so to do, such sum or sums of money to the amount of Five Pounds annually, for the purpose of Rewards to be given to such person or persons, not exceeding Ten Pounds, for each and every conviction of the offender or offenders, for either Horse, Gelding, Mare or Foal, and Cattle of every description; viz. – Bull, Ox, Steer, Cow, Heifer or Calf, which comes within the meaning of this indenture, the property of the subscribing parties hereinafter named; but, if it shall appear to the satisfaction of the Committee of this Association, that any offender or offenders, are convicted by any person or persons under the supposition, that the Horse, Gelding, Mare, Foal, Bull, Ox, Steer, Cow, Heifer
or Calfs was the property of any one or more of the undersigned and that it proved otherwise; in such case, the person or persons who have prosecuted the offender or offenders to conviction, shall be entitled to receive half the amount of the aforesaid Reward of Ten Pounds.


John Coghill R. Cartwright
W.H. Hovell A. Kinghorne
James Chisholm, senr. Wm. Redfern
James Chisholm, junr. William Sherwin
William Cordeaux Joseph Thompson
Thomas Wills H. Clements
Francis Mowatt Patrick Hill
Robert Jinkins William Shelly
W.E. Riley Thos. (James) Rose
Thomas Hassall Eliza Broughton
James Hassall P. Meredith
J.J. Moore B. Warby
Thomas Moore C. Thompson
W.H. Dutton F. Kenney
Hamilton Hume Wm. Hutchinson
G. Blackett Samuel Terry

 [Annotated by W.H.H.]
John Edye Manning
Thos. Barker
John Buckland
John Wild
John Nicholson
Thos. Wilson RN.
George Harper
H.C. Antill
Thos Inglis
Sir J. Wild – by J.J. Moore
J.V. Bloomfield-Kemp
Joseph Hawson



At a Meeting, held this day, of the Committee of the Association for the Suppression of Horse and Cattle Stealing, it was resolved: - That any person giving such private information as may lead to the conviction of stealing either Horse or Horned Cattle, the property of any member of this Association, shall be entitled to receive the amount of Reward – Ten Pounds.

The Committee, in publishing this resolution for the general information of the Public, request the different Members to make it known in their immediate neighbourhood.

Molle´s Main
8th October, 1833.

For The Suppression of
Horse, Cattle and Sheep Stealing.

At the Annual General Meeting of the Members of the “Cumberland Association for the Suppression of Horse, Cattle and Sheep Stealing,´ held this Day at Campbelltown,

John Coghill, Esq.  J.P.
In The Chair

It was resolved, that the following Resolutions be published for general information; and that they, together with what have already appeared, be printed, and distributed among the Members for circulation.
1st. – Resolved, that this Association be denominated the “Cumberland Association for the Suppression of Horse, Horned Cattle and Sheep Stealing.´
2nd. – Resolved, that every Member shall, as soon as possible after the committal of the person charged with the offence of stealing one or more Horse, Cattle or Sheep, their property, make the Secretary to the Association acquainted with such committal, who will, on that representation, furnish the applicant with an order to the Counsel employed  by the Association , to conduct the case for him at the time of trial, against the offending party.
3rd. – That each Member be requested to furnish the Secretary, as early as possible, with a list of the Brands with which his Horses, Cattle, or Sheep, are marked, and on which part marked, as a reference, and with a view of forwarding a copy to others  Associations for their information – by which means, greater facility will be rendered in attaining the object for which this Association is formed.
4th. – Resolved – that those Members who have not paid the amount of First Call of Twenty Shillings, are requested to do so – and that a Second Call of One Pound sterling   be paid by each Member, to the Treasurer, within one Month from this day, to enable him to meet the demands which may be made on him on account of the Association.
5th. -  Resolved, that the thanks of this Meeting be given to Mr. W.H. Hovell, the originator and promoter of the Association, from which other Associations for the same object have emanated.
6th. – Resolved, that the thanks of this Association are due to W.E. Riley, Esq., for his attentive performance of the duties of Secretary for the past year, and that, at his urgent request, he be relieved of the same, and that W.H. Hovell, Esq., be requested to act in his stead.

John Coghill,

Campbell Town
20th. Sept. 1834.

Letters of Correspondence with the association – viz: Argyle, Bathurst and Hunters River, together with names of Members – sums paid & expenditure, as also descriptions of brands on their Horses & Cattle are to be found in a book kept for that purpose.

N.B.  These associations put a stop to Cattle stealing after several convictions & transportations and at the expiration of about three years they the associations all died a natural death.

Wm. H. Hovell

Letter from W.C. Wentworth to Trustees of Mitchell Library, 15 Feb. 1931 (Ah 47/1/14)

acknowledged 18/2/31

Union Club
February 16th 1931.

The Trustees of the Mitchell Library

Dear Sirs

A few days ago I handed to Mr Wright a silver mounted walking stick which belonged originally to the explorer Capt. Hovell.  The stick in question was presented by him to Mrs. Robert Towns a half sister of my late Grandfather William Charles Wentworth.
Mrs. Towns wither gave it or bequeathed it to her daughter Sybil the wife of Mr. Charles Lett.  Mrs. Lett gave it to her daughter Kathleen the widow of the late Mr. Waldegrave Kell of London.  Mrs. Kell gave it to me on the eighth of December last year requesting me to present it to the Mitchell Library in the name of her Mother & this I accordingly have done & hope that the gift may prove acceptable.  Mrs. Waldegrave Kell´s address is C/o Glyn Mills Holt & Co. Kirkland House Whitehall London. W.

I am  dear sirs
Yrs sincerely

W.C. Wentworth.

This walking stick was the property of Capt. W.H. Hovell who presented it to Mrs. Robt. Towns, who later gave it or bequeathed it to her daughter Sybil the wife of Mr. Chas. Lett.  Mrs. Lett gave it to her daughter Kathleen the widow of Waldegrave Kell, & Mrs. Kell presented it to the Mitchell Library through the courtesy of Mr. W.C. Wentworth.  Feb. 1931.

The aborigine´s head at the top of the stick was made by J. Hogarth a silversmith & engraver in Sydney.

Trading agreement between Maori chieftain and Simeon Lord, Sept. 1815 (Ah 47/2/1)

Sydney New South Wales   Sept. 1815

I the undersigned a Chief at New Zealand acknowledge to have received from Simeon Lord Esqr.  One Musket and other Articles for which I engage to deliver the Bearer One tun of New Zealand Flax or Mooka on Demand.

[Reverse side of agreement – annotated by Hovell]

The within is the receipt of a Chief call´d Pomessrey [?] at a place named Matawhie – near Cosardika [?] Bay of Islands.

Presented by me – answer no Flax.

Wm. H. Hovell
Commander Brig Trial
10th October /15

Trading agreement between Maori chieftain and Simeon Lord, Sept. 1815 (Ah 47/2/2)

Sydney New South Wales   Septr. 1815

I the undersigned a Chief at New Zealand acknowledge to have received from Simeon Lord Esqr. One Musket and other articles for which I engage to deliver the Bearer One Tun of New Zealand Flax or Mooka on Demand.

[Reverse side of agreement – annotated by Hovell]

The within is the recept of a Chief called Cokie at a place named Conercooca [?]
up the River of the Bay of Islands

Presented by me, but no proceeds

Wm. H. Hovell
Commander Brig Trial
7th Octr.  /15

Trading agreement between Maori chieftain and Simeon Lord, Sept. 1815 (Ah 47/2/3)

No. 3
Sydney New South Wales   Septr. 1815

I the undersigned a Chief at New Zealand acknowledge to have received from Simeon Lord Esqr. One Musket and other Articles for which I engage to deliver the Bearer One Tun of New Zealand Flax or Mooka on Demand.

[Reverse side of agreement – annotated by Hovell]

The within is a receipt of a Chief call´d Tatooia [?] at a place named Whykadda – up the River of the Bay of Islands.

I presented this document to the Chief at his Hut, he showed me some Flax which was not quite fit for shipment but which I afterwards learned did not belong to him.

Wm. H. Hovell
Commander Brig Trial
5th Octr. /15.